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The reader will also readily understand the necessity of omitting mention
of army, navy, or war industry establishments by name or location, and
of certain other information which must be guarded in wartime.

The lists of regional and state agencies and representatives appearing
at the head of each state section are published with the approval of
the national agencies with which they are connected. Most of these
persons and organizations are cooperating in some way in their vicinities
in the social hygiene program, and are in direct contact with the American
Social Hygiene Association through correspondence or field work.

It is recognized that now, more than ever, changes are constantly
occurring in the scene which it is here attempted to review, and that
yearly elections, new appointments and expansion of program make con-
stant revision necessary.* The editors will greatly appreciate information
of any kind which will assist in keeping this compendium as nearly
up-to-date as possible, or any suggestions for its greater convenience or
usefulness.



ALABAMA

Population Population rank among states 17

Urban 855,941 A.S.H.A. members in state 53

Rural 1,977,020



2,832,961

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Birmingham Social Hygiene Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Warrene Stei-
dinger, Box 2591, Birmingham.

Other Voluntary Agencies

Alabama Conference of Social Work: President, Mrs. Florence Adams, Commu-
nity Chest, Birmingham; Secretary, E. B. Bowman. Y.M.C.A., Mobile.
Alabama Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. L. M. Lowrey,

Thomaston; Social Hygiene Chairman, B. F. Austin, M.D., State Dept. of

Health, Montgomery.
Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. J. E.

Jordan, 1100 Broadway, Sylaeauga.
Alabama Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Walter B. Mills, Jr., c/o

Housing Authority, Huntsville.
Alabama Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Walter Bragg Smith,

625 S. Lawrence Street, Montgomery; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section,

Pearl Barclay, State Health Department, Montgomery.
Alabama Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, K. W. Grimley, P. O.

Box 1845, Birmingham.
Alabama Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1223 Comer

Bldg., Birmingham. In charge, Mrs. R. J. Gregg; President, Mrs. Cora Mc-

Adory, Auburn.

* For example, since the agency lists were put in type, Army Corps Areas
have come to be designated as Service Commands.

189



190 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL, HYGIENE

American Legion: Department Adjutant, D. Trotter Jones, P. O. Box 1069,

Montgomery.
Civitan International: District Governor, Alabama-Mississippi District, Mark J.

Williamson, Box 110, Albertville.
Kiwanis International.*
Lions International.*
Medical Association of the State of Alabama: President, H. B. Searcy, M.D., Tua-

caloosa ; Secretary, Douglas L. Cannon, M.D., 519 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery.
Rotary International.*
United Service Organizations Region VII. See Georgia.

Official Agencies

Alabama State Board of Health: Acting State Health Officer, B. F. Austin, M.D.,
Montgomery; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, \V. H. Y. Smith.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abbeville, Ada, Albertville, Alexander City, Aliceville, Andalusia, Anniston, Ash-
land, Ashville, Athens, Atmore, Auburn, Autaugaville, Bay Minette, Bayou la
Batre, Beatrice, Belmont, Bessemer, Birdine, Birmingham (4), Bleeker, Boligee,
Brewton, Butler, Camden, Carrollton, Center, Centerville, Chatom, Cherokee,
Childersburg, Citronelle, Clanton, Coffeeville, Columbiana, Courtland, Cullman,
Dadeville, Decatur, Demopolis, Dothan, Double Springs, Elba, Enterprise, Eufala,
Eutaw, Evergreen, Fairfax, Fairhope, Fayette, Florala, Florence, Forkland, Fort
Payne, Fruitdale (2), Geiger, Geneva, Georgiana, Goodwater, Gordo, Greensboro,
Greenville, Grove Hill, Haleyville, Hamilton, Hayneville, Headland, Heflin, Hobson
City, Huntsville, Hurtsboro, Jacksonville, Jasper, Lanett, Leighton, Linden, Line-
ville, Livingston, Loachapoka, Luverne, Mentua, Maplesville, Marion, Midway,
Millport, Minter, Mobile, Monroeville, Montevallo, Montgomery (4), Moulton,
Moundville, Mt. Vernon, Mulberry, New Brocton, Oneonta, Opelika (2), Opp,
Orville, Ozark, Pell City, Phenix City, Pittsview, Pleasant Ridge, Prattville,
Prichard, Ragland, Reform, Repton, Roanoke, Rockford, Russellville, St. Glair,
Seottsboro, Seale, Selma, Sheffield, Simsville, Springville, Stevenson, Sulligent,
Sweet Water, Sylacauga, Talladega, Tishaber, Troy, Tuscaloosa, Tuscumbia,
Tuskegee, (Mobile 32), Union Springs, Uniontown, Uriah, Vincent, Wadley,
Waverly, Wedowee, West Blocton, West Green, Wetumpka, York.

Alabama State Defense Council: Executive Director, Hayes Tucker, 712 Bell
Bldg., Montgomery.

Alabama State Department of Education: State Superintendent of Education,
A. H. Collins; Supervisor of Physical and Health Education, Jessie R. Garri-
son; Director of Negro Education, J. S. Lambert, Montgomery.

Alabama State Department of Public Welfare: Commissioner, Loula Dunn, Mont-
gomery.

National Youth Administration, Region VII: See Georgia.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Region
VII: Supervisor, Arthur E. Fink; Eepresentatives, Martin A. Fellhauer,
Earle C. Lippineott, Fifth floor, Education Bldg., 517 N. 22nd Street, Birmingham.

Social Security Board, Region VII: Director, Richard H. Lyle, Chamber of Com-
merce Bldg., First Ave. and 19th St., Birmingham.

U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
P. O. Davis; State Home Demonstration Leader, Etna McGaugh; Alabama
Polytechnic Institute, Auburn.

U. S. Navy, Eighth District, see Louisiana.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for War
Information Centers: Mary E. Martin, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn;
Dr. I. A. Derbigny, Tuskegee Institute ; Donald E. Thompson, University of
Alabama, University Station.

U. S. Public Health Service: State Venereal Disease Control Consultant, Assistant
Surgeon Harold J. Magnuson, Alabama State Department of Health, Mont-
gomery. For District Director and Liaison Officer, see Georgia.

Work Projects Administration: Director, Community Service Program, Mary
Weber, 326 First National Bank Bldg., Montgomery.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 191

Alabama State Health Department, Montgomery. Facilities for
finding and treating cases of syphilis have been increased. There
are now 148 clinics in operation in all of the 67 counties in Alabama.
22 counties have only 1 clinic and 45 have 2 or more clinics. We
still need many rural clinics to adequately cover the state and
these are being organized as rapidly as physicians can be trained
to man them. The health department has established a complete
program and 26 additional nurses to do venereal disease control
work will be added to key counties as rapidly as these nurses
can be trained.

The state and local pharmaceutical societies cooperate in the
campaign against quackery.

Our newspapers and publications cooperate in the campaign
against venereal diseases. Both radio stations, WCOV and WSFA
in Montgomery, cooperate with the State Health Department in
the venereal disease control program.

The talking slide film For All Our Sakes by the American Social
Hygiene Association, the silent movie, Let's Stamp Out Syphilis and
the talking movie, Know For Sure, are being used for education
purposes in the state. A talking movie picture in color. The
Diagnosis and Treatment of Syphilis, will be shown to medical
societies.

Commercialized prostitution is prohibited by law in the State
of Alabama and social protective agencies have been very active
in assisting the local authorities repress commercialized prostitution.
The church and family welfare groups actively support the enforce-
ment of these laws. There are, however, no facilities available
for rehabilitation of women and girls who have been engaged
in prostitution.

There are many industrial plants engaged in the production
of war materials in Alabama. Since every county has an organized
health department, informational and cooperative activities are
carried on by the local health departments. In many instances
the workers are being blood-tested for syphilis and education is
being carried on in regard to gonorrhea.

In counties containing an army camp prostitution is being
repressed and the venereal disease program is being stepped up.



During the past year Dr. Thomas A. Storey, Miss Eileen McGrath and Mr.
Joseph L. Stenek of the A.S.H.A. staff have visited Birmingham, Mobile, Mont-
gomery, Childersburg, Margaret, and other localities for conference with health
officials and industrial groups.



192 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

ARIZONA

Population Population rank among states 44

Urban 173,981 A.S.H.A. members in state 11

Rural 325,280

499,261

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, E. P. McDowell, 409 Arizona State

Bldg., Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Anti-Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, T. C. Cuvellier, 308

Heard Bldg., Phoenix.
Arizona Conference of Social Work: Secretary, Mrs. Christina F. Small, Mari-

copa County Board of Public Welfare, 221 East Adams St., Phoenix.
Arizona Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. W. W. Sherwood,

Box 295, Holbrook; Social Hygiene Chairman, W. Townsend, Ft. Grant.
Arizona Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. E. 8.

Edmondson, Box 658, Nogales.
Arizona Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Ralph Caldwell, 201 Orpheum

Building, Phoenix.
Arizona Nurses Association: Secretary, Minnie C. Benson, 1620 Hedrick Drive,

Tucson; Chairman Public Health Nursing Section, Mrs. Cecilia Gillespie, 1539

Sherry Lynn Drive, Phoenix.
Arizona State Medical Association: President, W. Paul Holbrook, M.D., Tucson;

Secretary, William W. Watkins, M.D., 15 East Monroe Street, Phoenix.
Arizona Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Mary Pulsifer,

General Delivery, Prescott.
Eiwanis International.*
Lions International.*
Rotary International*
United Service Organization, Region XII: See California.

Official Agencies

Arizona State Board of Health: Superintendent of Public Health, G. F. Man-
ning, M.D., Phoenix; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, J. D.
Dunshee, M.D. Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at: A jo, Bisbee, Buckeye,
Douglas, Flagstaff, Phoenix (3), Prescott, Tucson, Winslow, Yuma.

Arizona State Board of Public Welfare: Commissioner, Harry H. Hill, P. O. Box
2260, Phoenix.

Arizona State Defense Council: Coordinator, Major General A. M. Tuthill, 307
Goodrich Bldg., Phoenix.

Arizona State Department of Education: State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, E. D. Eing, Phoenix.

National Youth Administration, Region XI: See Colorado.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Region
XI: See Colorado.

U. S. Army, Eighth Corps Area: See Texas.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director, C.
U. Piekrell, University of Arizona, Tucson; State Home Demonstration Leader,
Jean M. Stewart, College of Agriculture, Tucson.

U. S. Navy, Eleventh District: See California.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for War
Information Center, William H. Carlson, University of Arizona, Tucson.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VIII, see Colorado. For
Liaison Officer Ninth Army Corps Area, see Utah.

Work Projects Administration: Director, Commumnity Service Program, Mrs.
Agnes Hunt, Parke 1826 West McDowell Road, Phoenix.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 193

Arizona State Department of Health, Phoenix. Facilities for find-
ing and treating cases of syphilis and gonorrhea have been
expanded by the State Department of Health and allied County
Health Departments, to meet the increasing demands for this type
of program.

Since 1938 nine venereal disease clinics have been established in Phoenix,
Tucson, Bisbee, Douglas, Yuma, Prescott, Winslow, Ajo and Flagstaff. Labora-
tory work including serology is furnished by the State Department of Health
hygienic laboratories and free drugs are provided for the use of all physicians in
the State of Arizona, who so request the use of arsenicals in the treatment of the
venereal infections. An extensive follow-up program concerning sources of
infection has been inaugurated by the State Department of Health and allied
agencies. Personnel have been added to existing clinics and additional quantities
of drugs have been provided to clinics and physicians throughout the State,
but the facilities still are not equal to the need. The Department has established
a complete program as far as funds will allow, but does not receive any appro-
priations from the State for venereal disease control work and thus must rely
entirely on Federal funds. Public support for venereal disease control work is
increasing but has not yet reached the stage where additional appropriations
for venereal disease control may be obtained from the State Legislature.

State and local pharmaceutical societies as yet do not have an organized pro-
gram which would enable the State Department of Health to prevent entirely
the practice of quackery as concerns the venereal infections. However, it has
been the policy of most organized drug concerns to cooperate with the State
department of Health in the abatement of illegal practices.

Newspapers and other publications cooperate to the fullest extent in the
campaign against the venereal diseases. All press releases are accepted and
frequent editorials express a favorable attitude toward a program designed to
control and prevent venereal infections. Radio stations in every area of the
State cooperate fully with the State Department of Health. In radio programs
on venereal disease control, Stations cooperating with the Department are:
KOY and KTAE, Phoenix; KYUM, Yuma; KSUL, Safford; KJEC, Jerome;
KTUC and KVOA, Tucson; KSUM, Bisbee; KWJB, Globe; KYCA, Prescott.

Lectures on venereal diseases are given and motion pictures shown throughout
the year to both lay and professional groups and organizations, numbering about
10,000 persons. Included are illustrated lectures to all college and high school
students throughout the State. An average of 5,000 pieces of literature on the
venereal diseases are distributed each year by the State Department of Health.

No agencies outside of the local law enforcement organizations exist for the
repression of commercialized prostitution. Local community chest agencies and
semi-official organizations do carry on a program for the prevention of sex
delinquency. However, there is no definite organization behind this program
and it is entirely inadequate. No facilities outside of one or two endowed
organizations are available for the rehabilitation of women and girls who have
been engaged in prostitution. This program is inadequate and should be
expanded to meet the needs of the larger communities in the State.

No new social hygiene laws or ordinances have been enacted recently. Four
bills concerned with the repression of prostitution were introduced in the Special
Session of the Arizona State Legislature in April, 1942, but did not pass. The
present laws and the bills recently introduced, do not include protective provisions
concerning the premarital examination of men and women, and the prenatal
examination of women for syphilis. Such Legislation has been introduced in
the last two regular sessions of the State Legislature, but has been defeated
each time.

Church and family welfare groups have gone on record as favoring the adop-
tion of such type of legislation, but there is need for stronger support of law
enforcement.



194 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

V

Arizona colleges provide sex education as a part of the general educational
program, including information and training for marriage and parenthood. Few
high schools in the State of Arizona have organized programs of this type.
However, the Mormon Church sponsors such programs for both high school and
college students. At the present time there is a Committee on Family Relations
in the State, which is quite active among certain groups of young people.

There are few war industrial plants in Arizona. These few have only recently
started production and no organized program on venereal disease control has yet
been worked out for industrial workers. Throughout the State numerous army
cantonments and air bases have been established, and communities in these areas
provide ordinances against commercialized prostitution and have been carrying
out extensive programs of venereal disease control. In cooperation with Army
officials, the State Health Department is carrying out a very intensive program
of health education among the soldiers and civilians alike. The Department
also cooperates with the Army in providing prophylaxis for soldiers and air
field cadets. All measures are being taken to protect men in the armed services
and civilians, and venereal disease control programs will expand to meet the
needs of militarized areas.



During 1941 and 1942, Dr. William F. Snow, Mr. Bascom Johnson, and Dr.
Thomas A. Storey of the A.S.H.A. visited Phoenix to confer with state health
officials. Mr. George Gould spent some time early in 1942 in assisting to draft
new legislation above described.

ARKANSAS

Population Population rank among states 24

Urban 431,910 A.S.H.A. members in state 17

Bural 1,517,477

1,949,387

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Hot Springs Social Hygiene Association: Secretary, Angeline Morrow, 403 Alcorn
Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Bert Presson, War Memorial Bldg.,

Little Rock.
Arkansas Conference of Social Work: President, W. A. Rooksberry, 315 Gazette

Bldg., Little Roek.
Arkansas Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. R. V. Hall, 3030

Hickory Street, Texarkana; Social Hygiene Chairman, Miss Flora Meredith,

Conway, (Hendrix College).
Arkansas Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Marion

Dickens, Newport.

Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, William T. Stover, Morrilton.
Arkansas Medical Society: President, R. B. Robins, M.D., Camden; Secretary,

William R. Brooksher, 602 Garrison Avenue, Fort Smith.
Arkansas Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Mary Tolle Wright,

5404 T Street, Little Rock; Secretary, Public Health Nursing Section, Marion

Pool, Pulaski County Health Unit, Little Rock.
Arkansas Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Will L. Dorough,

444 Donaghey Bldg., Little Rock.
Arkansas Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 521% Main St.,

Little Rock. In charge, Mrs. May C. Grouse (also President).
Civitan International.*
Kiwanis International.*
Lions International.*
Rotary International.*
United Service Organizations, Region IX: See Missouri.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY STJMMAKIES 195

Official Agencies

Arkansas State Board of Health: State Health Officer, William B. Grayson,
M.D., Little Rock; Director, Division of Syphilis Control, D. W. Dykstra, Little
Rock.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Arkadelphia, Ashdown, Augusta, Batesville, Bauxite, Beardon, Benton, Bentonville,
Blytheville, Camden, Clarksville, Conway, Cotton Plant, Crigler, Dardanelle, Elaine,
Fayetteville, Forrest City, Fort Smith, Garland City, Gould, Gurdoii, Hamburg,
Harrison, Helena, Hope, Hot Springs (2), Hughes, Jonesboro, Lake View, Little
Rock (4), McGehee, Malvern, Marianna (5), Marion, Marshall, Marvell, Mellwood,
Monticello, Morrilton, Newport, North Little Rock, Okolona, Osceola, Ozark, Paris,
Pine Bluff (2), Prescott, Rison, Rogers, Russellville, Searcy, Siloam Springs,
Simsboro, Snow Lake, Star City, Texarkana, Trenton, Tuckerman, Van Buren,
Wabash, Warren, West Memphis, Wilmot, Wilson, Winchester (2), Wynne,
Yellville.

Arkansas State Department of Education: State Commissioner of Education,
Ralph B. Jones, Little Rock; Supervisor of Negro Schools, Ed McCuiston,
Little Rock.

Arkansas State Department of Public Welfare: Commissioner, John R. Thomp-
son, Little Rock.

Defense Council of Arkansas: Secretary, L. A. Henry, Room 336 Capitol Bldg.,
Little Rock.

National Youth Administration, Region IX: See Kansas.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Region
IX. See Missouri.

U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: See Nebraska.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
W. R. Horlacher, College of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville;
State Home Demonstration Leader, Connie J. Bonslagel, 524 Post Office Bldg.,
Little Rock.

TJ. S. Navy, Eighth District: See Louisiana.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers: Mrs. Julia Palmer Howard, Agricultural Mechanical
and Normal College, Pine Bluff; Dr. H. W. Kamp, Hendrix College, Conway;
Marvin A. Miller, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.

U. S. Public Health Service: Venereal Disease Medical Center, Medical Officer
in Charge, P. A. Surgeon Austin V. Deibert, Hot Springs. For Director,
District VII, see Missouri. For Liaison Officer, Eighth Army Corps Area,
see Texas.

Work Projects Administration: Director of Community Service Program, Mrs.
May Bevens, Old Post Office Bldg., Little Rock.

Arkansas State Board of Health, Little Rock. The statewide war-
time activities of the Board of Health are illustrated by the Venereal
Disease Control Program for one Extra-Cantonment Area which
is reported as follows:

Facilities for finding and treating cases of syphilis and gonorrhea have been
increased by the addition of clinical treatment periods and the assignment of
three full-time nurse investigators in the area.

The need of additional clinics and personnel is still a factor in adequate
control, especially in the outlying rural area.

The Health Department is making every effort to establish a complete program
with adequate appropriations but complete public support is questioned because
of a lack of understanding or education relative to the venereal diseases and
the necessary program for adequate control. State and local pharmaceutical
societies are cooperating in the campaign against quackery as several reoent
significant cases won by the societies against quackery will testify.



196 JOURNAL, OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Radio stations are cooperating to a degree but assigned time is questioned
as to its effectiveness in reaching a reasonable number of listeners. Call
letters of station used are KARK. Other channels of information and educa-
tion are public lectures to various organizations supported by motion pictures
of recent production.

There are special city ordinances regarding the suppression of prostitution
and isolation and quarantine treatment of all infectious cases failing to take
recognized treatment; and an ordinance aimed at soliciting and immoral
practices. Two detectives and two special officers constitute a full-time group
who are assigned to the area to enforce these ordinances.

The prevention of sex delinquency is strongly attacked by the Juvenile Court
authorities and social workers.

Through the State Training School for Girls, rehabilitation of girls (minors)
who have been engaged in prostitution is attempted with some gratifying
results, but no facilities are available as yet for the rehabilitation of women
(over 21) who have been engaged in prostitution.

The Civilian Military Council, a strong lay organization made up of civic-minded
leaders, and the respective City Councils actively support and participate in
securing effective enforcement of laws and ordinances.

All war workers in the largest industrial plant are being given blood tests
for syphilis as part of the physical examination at the time of employment
and, if found to be infected, are advised as to how and where to obtain
treatment. Male employees are given the benefit of similar advice and assistance
in relation to gonorrhea.

Three military prophylactic stations are located in Greater Little Rock. Three
U.S.O. Centers for the military personnel are functioning in the area. All
sanitation laws are being improved and enforced within the area.

Hot Springs Social Hygiene Association. This society, only



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