American Social Hygiene Association.

Journal of social hygiene (Volume 28) online

. (page 25 of 71)
Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 25 of 71)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


recently organized, has an excellent opportunity to do pioneer
work as the first voluntary social hygiene agency in the state.



A.S.H.A. staff visitors during 1941-42, have included Dr. Snow and Dr. Storey,
who attended conferences of state and territorial health officers at Hot Springs,
and Mr. Johnson, who conferred with health and law enforcement officials and
military authorities at Little Rock and elsewhere.



CALIFORNIA

Population Population rank among states 5

Urban 4,902,265 A.S.n.A. members in state 327

Rural 2,005,122

6,907,387

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Fresno: Social Hygiene Committee, Fresno County Tuberculosis Association:

Executive Secretary, Frank R. Harader, Room 1316 Pacific Southwest Bldg.
Los Angeles: American Institute of Family Relations: Director. Paul Popenoe,

607 S. HilJ Street.
Oakland Social Hygiene Committee: Chairman, Thomas J. Clark, M.D., 40 Ross

Circle.
San Bernardino: Social Hygiene Committee, San Bernardino County Tuberculosis

Association: Executive Secretary, Stanley T. Boggess, 490 Court.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 197

San Diego Social Hygiene Association: President, Kenneth Barnhart; Secretary,

Mrs. E. B. Thauburn, Boom 11, 645 A Street.
San Francisco:

American Social Hygiene Association, Western Division: Director, W. F. Hig-

by, 45 Second Street.
California Social Hygiene Association: Executive Secretary, Lawrence Arn-

stein, 45 Second Street.

Family Relations Center: Director, Henry M. Grant, 2504 Jackson Street.
Social Hygiene Committee, San Francisco Health Council: Chairman, Charles

Barnett, M.D., 45 Second Street.

San Mateo: Social Hygiene Committee, San Mateo County Tuberculosis and
Health Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Ruth Close, 115 Ellsworth Ave.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, James K. Fisk, 117 Veterans Bldg.,

San Francisco.
California Church Council: Executive Secretary, Harold V. Mather, M.D., 129

Second Street, Los Angeles.
California Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. E. K. Strong, 3

Nevada Bldg., Palo Alto; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. Russell Scott, 435

California Street, Salinas.
California Conference of Social Work: Executive Secretary, Anita Eldridge, 126

Post Street, San Francisco.
California Federation of Women's Clubs:
California Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Henry Frost, 801 8. Broad

Boulevard, Glendale.
California Teachers Association: Chief Deputy Superintendent of Schools, John

F. Brady, San Francisco; Secretary, Roy W. Cloud, 155 Sansome Street, San

Francisco.
California Medical Association: President, Wm. R. Melony, Sr., M.D., Los

Angeles; Secretary-Treasurer, George H. Kress, M.D., 450 Sutter Street, San

Francisco.
California Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Shirley C. Titus, Room 309,

609 Sutter Street, San Francisco; State Organization for Public Health Nurs-
ing, Secretary, Rosemary Kobes, 604 Mission Street, San Francisco.
California Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, William F. Higby, 45

Second Street, San Francisco.
California Woman's Christian Temperance Union: (North) Headquarters, Room

415, 83 McAllister St., San Francisco. In charge, Mrs. Grace R. Randall;

President, Mrs. Louise J. Taft. (South) Headquarters, 301 N. Broadway, Los

Angeles, In charge, Mrs. Jennie Ray Thompson, President, Mrs. Eva C. Wheeler.
Civitan International: District Governor, California District, Charles W. Arthur,

800 Montrose Avenue, South Pasadena.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Rotary International:*
Southern California Council of Church Women: President, D. J. Trout, 3330 W.

Adams Blvd., Los Angeles.
United Service Organizations: Region XII: Executive, George F. Hamilton, 26

O 'Farrell Street, San Francisco ; Executive for Southern California, Robert W.

Burns, 435 Subway Terminal Bldg., Los Angeles.

Official Agencies

California State Council of Defense: Executive Director, Kenneth Hammaker,

Administration Bldg., State Fair Grounds, Sacramento.
California State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruction

and Director of Education, Walter F. Dexter, Sacramento; Chief of Division of

Physical and Health Education, W. H. Orion, Sacramento.
California State Department of Public Health: Sacramento. Director of Public

Health, Bertram P. Brown, M.D., 659 Phelan Bldg., San Francisco; Chief,

Bureau of Venereal Diseases, Malcolm H. Merrill, M.D.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



198 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Alhambra, Altadena, Arlington, Arvin, Atascadero, Azusa, Bakersfield, Banning,
Barstow, Beaumont, Berkeley, Blythe, Brawley, Broderick, Burbank, Burlingame,
Buttonwillow, Calexico, Carpinteria, Chico, Colusa, Compton, Corning, Crescent
City, Daly City, Delano, Dinuba, East Los Angeles, El Centre, El Monte (2),
Eureka, Fair field, Fresno (2), Gilroy, Glendale, Grass Valley (2), Gridley, Guada-
lupe, Half Moon Bay, Hanford, Healdsburg, Huntington, Park, Indio, Inglewood,
Jolon, King City, Lancaster, Loma Linda, Lompoe, Long Beach, Los Angeles (13),
Los Molinos, Madera, Martinez, Marysville, Merced, Modesto, Monrovia, Monte-
bello, Monterey, Oakland (3), Ontario, Orange, Oroville (2), Paradise, Pasadena,
Paso Robles, Pescadero, Petaluma, Pittsburg, Pomona, Porterville, Quincy, Red
Bluff, Redding, Redwood City, Richmond, Riverside, Sacramento (2), Salinas,
San Bernardino, San Diego, San Fernando, San Francisco (12), San Jacinto,
San Jose (2), San Leandro, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, San Pedro, Santa Ana,
Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Maria, Santa Monica, Santa Rosa, Sebastopol,
Shasta Dam, Sonoma, Sonora, Stockton, Taft, Torrance, Tulare, Ukiah, Vallejo,
Van Nuys, Venice, Ventura (3), Visalia, Wasco, Watts (2), West Hollywood,
Whittier, Williams, Willows, Wilmington, Woodland, Yreka (2).

California State Department of Social Welfare: Director, Martha A. Chieker-
ing, Ph.D., Sacramento.

National Youth Administration, Region XII: Regional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, William Y. Wilson, 2328 West 7th Street, Los Angeles.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Region
XII: Supervisor, Edwin J. Cooley; 'Representatives, Alan C. Blanchard, Mrs.
Jane K. Christians, 785 Market Street, San Francisco.

U. S. Army, Ninth Corps Area: See Utah.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
B. H. Crocheron; State Home Demonstration Leader, Claribel Nye, College of
Agriculture, University of California, Berkeley.

U. S. Navy, Eleventh District: Headquarters, San Diego; Venereal Disease Con-
trol Officers, Lt. Comdr. D. A. York (MC) Headquarters; Lt. L. Klein (MC),
Naval Training Station, San Diego; Lt. I. Zeligman (MC), Marine Corps Base,
San Diego. Twelfth District: Headquarters, San Francisco; Venereal Disease
Control Officer, Lt. Comdr. B. V. D. Scott (MC).

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material at War
Information Centers: Dr. Lawrence T. Crawford, Chieo State College, Chico;
Dr. Earl Lyon, Fresno State College, Fresno; Prof. Joseph W. Angell, Pomona
College, Claremont; Ann Kuhlman, San Diego State College, San Diego; Harold
L. Leupp, University of California, Berkeley; John E. Goodwin, University of
California, Los Angeles.

U. S. Public Health Service, District No. V: Director, Senior Surgeon Walter T.
Harrison, Room 112, Federal Office Bldg., San Francisco; For Liaison Officer,
Ninth Army Corps Area, see Utah.

Work Projects Administration: Directors of Community Service Programs,
Northern Division (and Nevada), Mrs. Hope L. Cahill, 49 Fourth Street, San
Francisco; Southern Division, Mrs. Eleanor Savay, 1206 Santee Street, Los
Angeles.

California State Department of Public Health, Sacramento. The
function of the Bureau of Venereal Diseases, established in 1937, is
to coordinate the work of state, county, and local health depart-
ments with the program of the Federal government. With venereal
diseases representing a reciprocal threat to armed forces and
civilian population, the bureau has placed stress during the year
1940-41 on expanding a well-established civilian control program
and gearing it to the program of the armed forces.

The civilian front: The sum of $739,000 was expended during the calendar
year for the sole purpose of venereal disease control: 29 per cent from the
U. 8. Public Health Service, 14 per cent from the State, and 57 per cent from
city and county sources. Control activities have been expanded in all military



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 199

and civilian defense areas. During the year there were 186 clinics treating
venereal disease, nearly 200 full-time trained professional and technical personnel,
and an estimated 1,000 more clerical and utility personnel employed full or part
time. There were 599,954 patient-visits to the 127 clinics serviced by the Central
Tabulating Unit, the mechanical reporting system whereby rapid evaluations of
mass data and immediate individual selection from them are made possible.
Free drugs continue to be distributed to physicians and small clinics. The
bureau's campaign among drugstores and wholesale drug firms caused 2,920 such
businesses to sign pledges not to treat venereal disease or dispense remedies
for such without prescription from physicians.

Although the total of reported cases of syphilis has remained approximately
the same during the years since inauguration of the modern control in California
(around 23,000), the number of early or new infections has steadily decreased,
from 6,430 in 1938 to 3,817 in 1941. The decrease of approximately 40 per cent
in early cases clearly testifies to the effectiveness of the civilian control program.
Reported cases of gonorrhea in 1941 totaled 18,939.

An ambitious health education service has been established in recent months
with four health educators and a visual education specialist. WPA projects pro-
vide the funds for this personnel, as well as for increased laboratory and clerical
assistance to local health departments. The new education service augments
existing health education activities, which in 1941 accounted for the distribution
of 335,497 pieces of literature and lectures to a total audience of 57,175 persons.
The education program pays particular attention to defense areas.

The armed forces: The task of integrating the civilian program with the con-
trol of venereal disease in the armed forces was begun in 1941. A close working
relationship between the civilian and military control programs has been officially
established. Eenewed effort to repress commercialized prostitution has been made
in California since early in 1941.

Follow-up work on infections uncovered by Selective Service examinations are
handled by local health departments in cooperation with the state department,
and all instances of acute infection in military personnel and also the alleged
sources are being reported to local health departments. The sources are inves-
tigated by the epidemiologie services of local health departments, and the results
reported to the military immediately. From both geographic and organizational
viewpoints the civilian and military programs have synchronized efficiently. The
Ninth Corps Area, which includes California, has one of the lowest venereal
disease rates in the country.

California Social Hygiene Association. Recent months have seen
the beginning of a reorganization of the California Social Hygiene
Association, which plans to strengthen its statewide program by
the forming of a larger number of county social hygiene committees.
Mr. Lawrence Arnstein, of San Francisco, long a member of the
Board of Health of that city, has assumed the duties of Executive
Secretary of the State Association. He will make his headquarters
at the office of the California Tuberculosis Association, 45 Second
Street, San Francisco, California. Mr. William Ford Higby, Secre-
tary of the California Tuberculosis Association, will continue to
serve as Director of the Western States Division of the American
Social Hygiene Association.

Los Angeles: American Institute of Family Relations. This national
organization, a pioneer in its field, continues to expand its program
and services. Chiefly celebrated for its success in dealing with
problems of marriage adjustment, the Institute also carries on a
number of projects in sex education and training for family life.
Its corps of lecturers and consultants are regularly engaged in



200 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

work outside of Los Angeles and California, and the Director,
Paul Popenoe and others of the staff are widely known by their
writings and public addresses. The Institute staff, also lends its
aid locally to community social hygiene projects where its coopera-
tion is of great value.

San Bernardino: Social Hygiene Committee, San Bernardino
County Tuberculosis Association. A vigorous effort is being made
to repress prostitution and excellent results are being achieved in
protecting the men from adjacent military establishments. Venereal
disease infections from local contacts are surprisingly few. Close
relations are maintained with clinics operated by the State Depart-
ment of Public Health whose facilities have been increased until
all sections of the county are being served and daily clinics being
held. Newspaper cooperation is excellent. The Committee utilizes
motion picture films obtained from the California Tuberculosis
Association. Radio station is KFXM, affiliated with the Don Lee
Network (Mutual).

San Diego Social Hygiene Association. Social Hygiene problems
growing out of an increased war industrial population and armed
forces at the naval training station, marine corps base, and several
army camps in the county led to the organization of this new group,
at a meeting held to observe Sixth National Social Hygiene Day in
February, 1942. The Association writes "Real work yet to be done."
Plans are to secure cooperation of newspapers, radio KFSD, KFI,
KNX, and schools in health education and public information ; and
to cooperate with the Health Department in calling attention to
existing facilities for diagnosis and treatment of venereal disease.
Professor Kenneth E. Barnhart, President of the SDSHA gives a
course on preparation for marriage at San Diego State College. An
annual spring institute on Marriage and the Family sponsored by
the Adult Education Department of the Public Schools, is popular.

San Francisco: Family Relations Center. " To assist those desiring
counsel on any aspect of sex or marital relations an office is main-
tained for confidential consultation. Adults and young people of
both sexes come to discuss their specific problems. The greater
number come for marriage counsel, premarital conferences, and
adolescent instruction.

"Arrangements may be made by any group or organization for
courses or single talks on Love and Marriage, Preparing for Mar-
riage, Sex in Adolescence, Sex Education of Children. Physical
Aspects of Sex, Psychological Aspects of Sex, or similar topics.
From time to time the center offers extension courses under the
auspices of the San Francisco State College or the University of
California, covering either the entire field of sex education or
special aspects of the subject. Monthly meetings are held with talks
by qualified speakers. These are open to the public at nominal
admission fees.

" The center maintains a lending library containing several hun-
dred selected volumes on various aspects of sex, family life, and



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 201

related subjects. Scientific and technical books as well as more
popular volumes are available to both professional groups and the
general public."

The schools and colleges at the junior college and university level in thiB
area nearly all have some sex instruction incorporated in or correlated with the
general educational program. The quality and completeness of this instruction
varies widely. Outside of school activities, the chief developments are in char-
acter-training organizations such as the YM-YWCAs and the Jewish Com-
munity Center. One Boy Scout Council has a regular yearly course of instruction
for senior scouts and their fathers.

Health Council, Community Chest of San Francisco. The Social
Hygiene Committee is one of eight committees of the Health Coun-
cil functioning as a coordinating and conference committee. It is a
small committee made up of representatives of interested groups
and organizations.

Again in 1942 the Social Hygiene Committee of the Health Council arranged
a program for the community on National Social Hygiene Day.

After giving consideration to the program of the preceding year, which placed
emphasis on the control of prostitution and cooperation of military and public
authorities in the control of venereal disease, the committee decided to arrange
this program to arouse the interest of those who are responsible for the health
education program of the community. The Department of Education, the
faculties of the several universities and colleges in the area, the Department
of Public Health, and the group work and recreation agencies were considered
in the planning.

Two meetings were held on Social Hygiene Day, an afternoon meeting directed
at the trained people in the fields mentioned above, and an evening meeting for
the general public. The program for the afternoon meeting at the Y.M.C.A.
included representatives from the health, educational and recreational fields as
speakers. The President of the Junior Chamber of Commerce served as
chairman. In spite of very bad weather, there were about 150 persons present.

Radio broadcasts were arranged prior to, and on Social Hygiene Day. A
fifteen-minute interview was prepared by the State Department of Public Health,
Venereal Disease Control office. Another broadcast, a transcription made at the
San Francisco clinic, was released over a local station at 7:45 P.M. February 4th.
This broadcast involved an imaginary trip through a clinic, with the special
events announcer describing a blood test performed on himself. The broadcast
closed with a brief interview with the San Francisco Director of Public Health
on the importance of venereal disease control in the war effort. Others who
participated in the program were the San Francisco Venereal Disease Control
Officer and a "patient." In addition to this program, special spot announce-
ments were prepared by the Public Relations Department of the Community Chest.
Released by four local stations on Social Hygiene Day, they focussed attention
on the evening public meeting.

To build attendance at both meetings, over 6,000 posters of various types
were sent out to potentially interested groups including the P.-T.A., public
schools, libraries, W.P.A. groups, health and recreation agencies and many others.
Newspaper releases and pictures were sent to the city's four metropolitan news-
papers and to 85 neighborhood and foreign papers. Approximately 25 stories
were printed in the metropolitan papers and about 50 stories in the neighborhood
press. In spite of the pressure of war news on newspaper space, we received
one picture and an excellent editorial.

The evening program was presented at the Eagles Hall. The organization gave
us the space at minimum cost. The motion picture operators union which sup-
plied machines, curtain and booth, did the same. Another company installed
an excellent public address system free of charge. Incidental expenses were



202 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

aovered by the State Department of Health, the Junior Chamber of Commerce
and the California Tuberculosis Society.

The first picture shown that evening was With These Weapons which drew
spontaneous applause. The Chairman of the Health Council acted as spokesman
between films, giving the purpose of Social Hygiene Day, something of the
history of the diseases, the scientific study of their nature, and the contribution
of Dr. Ehrlich whose biography was recounted in the principal feature of the
evening, Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet. The film, loaned to us by Warner
Brothers, starred Edward G. Eobinson and was enthusiastically received by
the audience.

Following the showing of the picture, the Chairman announced that a dem-
onstration blood test would be done on the stage with a doctor of the city
clinic performing the test. The effect was both spectacular and convincing
when the Chairman volunteered to be the first to have his blood taken, and
then quietly and with delightful humor described the proceedings to the audience
over the public address system. As a result, following the demonstration, 38
members of the audience sought free blood tests in a room which had been set up
as a clinic at the back of the theatre.

The weather was very bad; otherwise, the committee feels certain, the hall
would have been filled to overflowing, but 640 people attended the performance.

City and County of San Francisco Department of Public Health.
Organization: Administration of the venereal disease control pro-
gram in San Francisco is carried on by the Division of Venereal
Diseases, Bureau of Communicable Diseases, San Francisco Depart-
ment of Public Health. The venereal disease control officer is chief
of the Division of Venereal Diseases and chief of the San Francisco
City Venereal Disease Clinic. In this capacity he supervises public
health relations of the venereal disease clinics in San Francisco
and has direct charge of the venereal disease clinics operated by
the City and County of San Francisco. He coordinates all venereal
disease control work in the city.

Personnel of the Division consists of one supervising public health
nurse, five public health nurses, one bacteriologist (assigned to the
San Francisco City Venereal Disease Clinic), one chief clinician at
the San Francisco Venereal Disease Clinic, eight half-time clinicians,
one educator, two special male investigators, five full-time clerks,
and two part-time clerks. In addition to this personnel, through
the cooperation of the Works Project Administration, research per-
sonnel and clerical personnel have been provided by the Northern
California WPA Venereal Disease Control Project.

Clinical Facilities: The San Francisco City Venereal Disease Clinic is located
in the vicinity of Third and Howard streets, an area of San Francisco occupied
mainly by single men and a low income group. This clinic was organized in
1938 and the clinic visit rate has risen to the point where now 3,500 patient
visits occur monthly. In addition a diagnostic clinic is operated in the main
health center building at 101 Grove Street. Patients found to have venereal
disease are referred to the San Francisco City Clinic, the university clinics, or
private physicians, depending upon the area of the city in which they live and
their ability to pay. Diagnosis for venereal diseases in San Francisco is available
to everyone irrespective of ability to pay and free treatment is available to
those who cannot afford to pay. Nineteen venereal disease clinics are in opera-
tion in the City and County of San Francisco of which four are operated by
the health department. The other clinics are official and non-official clinics
such as the Army and Navy clinics, the United States Marine Hospital Clinic,
university clinics, and other non-official agency clinics.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 203

Case Finding and Case Holding Program: The public health nurses and the
male investigators carry on the case finding and case holding program. Every
new patient having a venereal disease who reports to any of the clinics in San
Francisco is interviewed by a nurse or an investigator. All interviews on newly
diagnosed patients are carried on in private. Facilities for these interviews are
available at all the clinics both official and non-official. The average interview
on a patient with infectious venereal disease requires at least a half hour. Sources
or contacts of venereal disease infection who are alleged to reside in San
Francisco are followed up by the local venereal disease control personnel. All
outside sources and contacts of venereal disease investigation alleged to reside
outside of San Francisco are reported to the jurisdictional health department
concerned. A patient with infectious venereal disease, who has lapsed from
treatment, is followed up within one week of his lapsing from treatment thereby
carrying on an effective venereal disease case holding program.

Army and Navy Cooperative Investigation Program: All military and naval



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 25 of 71)