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Florida Medical Association: President, G. S. Osincup, M.D., Orlando; Secretary,

Shaler Richardson, M.D., Box 1018, Jacksonville.
Florida Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Phykkus K. Leonard,

P. O. Box 1007, St. Augustine; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section,

Mrs. Audrey Gallion, 1215 N.E. 4th Street, Ft. Lauderdale.
Florida State Conference of Social Work: President, L. E. Bristol, 826 Newark

Street, West Palm Beach.
Florida State-wide Public Health Committee: President, Dean Walter J. Math-

erly, University of Florida, Gainesville; Secretary, Jean Henderson, Florida

State Department of Health, Jacksonville.
Florida Tuberculosis and Health Association, Inc. : Executive Secretary, Mrs. May

McCprmick Pynehon, 111 West Ashley Street, Jacksonville.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region VII. See Georgia.

Official Agencies

Florida State Board of Health: State Health Officer, Henry Hanson, M.D., Jack-
sonville; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, W. T. Sowder, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Apalachieola, Apopka, Avon Park, Baldwin, Bartow, Belle Glade (3), Boca
Eaton, Bradenton, Bronson, Brownsville, Bunnell, Callahan, Carrabelle, Cedar
Keys, Century, Chattahoochee, Chiefland, Clearwater, Clermont, Cottondale, Craw-
fordville, Crestview, Defuniak Springs, Delray, Eustis, Fernandina, Fort Lauder-
dale, Fort Pierce, Gainesville, Graceville, Green Cove Spring, Greensboro, Green-
wood, Gretna, Groveland, Gulf Hammock, Havana, Hilliard, Hollywood, Jack-
sonville (2), Jacksonville Beach, Jasper, Key West, Kissimmee, Lakeland, Lake
Placid, Leesburg, Macclenny, Marianna, Miami (2), Milton, Molino, Moore
Haven, Mount Dora, Orlando, Otter Creek, Pahokee (3), Panama City, Pensaeola,
Perry, Plant City, Popano (2), Port St. Joe (2), Punta Gorda, Quiney, River
Junction, Safety Harbor, St. Augustine, St. Cloud, St. Petersburg (3), Sanford,
Sarasota, Sebring, Shady Grove, Sneads, Sopchoppy, Starke, Steinhatchee, Talla-
hassee, Tampa (2), Tarpon Springs, Tavares, Trenton, Umatilla, Venus, Vero
Beach, Wakulla, West Palm Beach (2), Wewahitchka, Williston, Wimauma,
Winter Garden, Winter Park, Yulee.

Florida State Department of Education: State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, Colin English, Tallahassee; Director, Physical Education, Department of
Public Instruction, Joe Hall ; State Agent for Negro Education, D. E. Williams.
Florida State Welfare Board: Commissioner, Clayton C. Codrington, 49 West

Duval Street, Jacksonville.

National Youth Administration, Region VII: See Georgia.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region VII: See Alabama.
State Defense Council of Florida: Executive Director, George L. Burr, Jr., 325

Tallahassee Administration Bldg., Tallahassee.
U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
Wilmon Newell, Agricultural Extension Service, Experiment Station, Gainesville ;

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



218 JOURNAL, OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

State Home Demonstration Leader, Mary E. Keown, Florida State College for

Women, Tallahassee.
U. S. Navy, Seventh District, Eastern Florida: The Commandant, Headquarters,

Jacksonville, Florida; Western Florida, Eighth District: See Louisiana.

Veneral Disease Control Officer, Lt. (jg) A. F. Turner, Jr., (MC-V) ; Lt. A. B.

Litterer (MC), Naval Air Station, Jacksonville; Lt. M. Leider (MC), Naval

Air Station, Pensacola.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for War

Information Centers, Miss M. L. Watkins, Florida Agricultural and Mechanical

College for Negroes, Tallahassee; Dean H. W. Chandler, University of Florida,

Gainesville.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District IV, and Liaison Officer,

Fourth Army Corps Area, see Louisiana.
Work Projects Administration: Director of Community Service Program, Mrs.

Eolla A. Southworth, 49 West Duval Street, Jacksonville.

Florida State Board of Health, Jacksonville. The number of
venereal disease clinics in Florida has increased from 65 in 1940
to 104, covering the year 1941 and the first six months of 1942.
Private physicians trained in venereal disease clinic methods added
to the clinic staffs on a fee basis number 76. The total increase in
the number of clinics does not altogether reflect the increase in
venereal disease control, as many small clinics were discontinued
and were consolidated into one large clinic. In all the clinics the
services of the private physicians are being utilized to a maximum
degree.

The increase in the clinic load is reflected in the monthly average number of
patients treated for syphilis in all the clinics in the state. An average of 12,600
patients was treated monthly in all the clinics. This average has increased con-
stantly, but in a more accelerating degree for 1941 than for the previous three
years.

New cases of syphilis totaling 7,014 were also reported by private physicians
and were presumably under treatment. The number of patients who are, or
have been under treatment during 1941, therefore, is close to 20,000.

Educational efforts have increased correspondingly. All educational media,
including large newspaper coverage, pamphlets, lectures, motion pictures, radio
have been used. Best-room placards have been installed widely. High school
populations have been reached through the use of films on syphilis and gonorrhea.
The addition of a Negro venereal disease educator working directly with influen-
tial groups of the Negro population and with schools is an important step
in progress.

The influential public in Florida has been informed about the venereal disease
and prostitution problems and has been of much assistance. Towns and cities
adjacent to military camps have cooperated in the control of the prostitution
problem.



The Florida State-Wide Public Health Committee joined with other voluntary
and official organizations in sponsorship of the Southeastern Conference on
Sixth National Social Hygiene Day on February 4, 1942, at Jacksonville. Dr.
Edward L. Keyes, A.S.H.A., Honorary President, took part in the program, which
dealt with the topic Social Safety in Wartime and After, and included morning,
luncheon and afternoon sessions. (See March, 1942, J. S. H. for full account.)
Other A.S.H.A. officers and staff members who have visited Florida within
past months for purposes of conference with local health, law enforcement and
educational authorities, are: Mr. Johnson, Miss Pinney, Dr. Storey, Professor
Bigelow, and Mr. Stenek.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 219

GEORGIA

Population Population rank among states 14

Urban 1,073,808 A.S.H.A. members in state 73

Rural 2,049,915

3,123,723

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Atlanta: Georgia Social Hygiene Council: President, Prof. Ealph E. Wager,

Emory University; Secretary, C. D. Bowdoin, M.D.
Columbus: Social Hygiene Committee, Council of Social Agencies: Chairman,

Miss Hattie Weldon, Public Health Nursing Association.
Social Hygiene Committee, Defense Council, Chairman, Captain James Lovelass,

Post Hospital, Fort Benning.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Stanley A. Jones, 221 Forsyth Street,

Macon.
Civitan International: District Governor, Georgia District, H. L. Sutton, M.D.,

Villa Rica.
Georgia Conference on Social Work: President, Florence van Sickler, 11 Pryor

Street, Atlanta.
Georgia Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Eobert A. Long,

1082 St. Charles Place, Atlanta; Social Hygiene Chairman, C. D. Bowdoin, M.D.,

State Capitol, Atlanta.
Georgia Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. Fred T. Bridges, 102 Kings

Highway, Decatur.
Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Claude

Williams, Gainesville.

Georgia Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Earl Staples, Carrollton.
Georgia Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Durice Dickerson, 131 Forrest

Avenue, N.E., Atlanta; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health

Nursing, Mrs. Maud Fleming, Hall County Department of Health, Gainesville.
Georgia Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, James P. Faulkner, 607-

11 Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Atlanta.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Medical Association of Georgia: President, J. A. Eedfearn, M.D., Albany;

Secretary, E. D. Shanks, M.D., 478 Peachtree Street, N.E., Atlanta.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region VII: Acting Executive, J. L. Swingle, 160

Peachtree Street, Atlanta.

Official Agencies

Citizen's Defense Committee: Executive Director, Charles H. Patterson, 235-6

State Capitol, Atlanta.
Georgia State Department of Education: Superintendent of Schools, M. D. Collins,

Atlanta; Director Negro Education, Eobert L. Cousins.
Georgia State Department of Public Health : Commissioner of Health, T. F. Aber-

crombie, M.D., Atlanta; Director, Division of Venereal Diseases, J. M.

Walton, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Ackworth, Alamo, Albany (3), Alpharetta, Alto, Americus, Amsterdam, Arling-
ton, Athens, Atlanta (3), Augusta, Bainbridge, Barnesville, Barwick, Baxley,
Ben Hill, Blackshear, Blue Eidge, Bronwood, Brookfield, Brooklet, Brunswick (2),
Buford, Butler, Byron, Cairo, Calvary, Camilla, Carnesville, Cartersville, Cham-
blee, Chattahoochee, Chickamauga, Chipley, Chula, Claxton, Clayton, Coehran,
Columbus (2), College Park, Cordele (2), Cornelia, Crescent (2), Cuthbert,
Dahlonega, Dalton, Darien (2), Dawson, Decatur, Doerun, Donalsonville, Douglas,

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



220 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Douglasville, Eastman, East Point, Eatonton, Edison, Eulonia, Everett City,
Fairburn, Folkston (2), Ft. Valley, Gainesville, Gibson, Gough, Grantville, Gray,
Graymont, Greensboro, Greenville, Griffin, Hapeville, Hiuesville, Homerville,
Irwinton, Jackson, Jefferson, Jeffersonville, Jesup, Kingsland (2), Knoxville,
LaFayetta, La Grange, Lakeland, Lavonia, Lawrenceville, Leary, Leesburg, Leslie,
Lindale, Lithonia, Louisville, Ludowici, Lumber City, Lyons, Macon, Manchester,
Marshallville, McDonough, McRae, Meridian, Metter, Midville, Milledgeville,
Millen, Millhaven, Monroe, Monticello, Morgan, Moultrie, Nahunta, Newman,
Norcross, Oehlochnee, Omega, Palmetto, Parrott, Pearson, Pelham, Pembroke,
Plains, Powder Springs, Quitman, Reynolds, Reynoldsville, Riceboro, Ringgold,
Rome, Rossville, Roswell, Royston, St. George, Sandersville, Sandy Springs,
Sardis, Sasser, Savannah, Smithville, Soperton, Sparta, Springfield, Statesboro,
Sterling, Stockton, Stone Mountain, Sylvania, Sylvester, Thomaston, Thomasville,
Tifton, Toccoa, Townsend (7), Ty Ty, Union Point, Valdosta, Vidalia, Vidette,
"Warm Springs, Warsaw, Waverly, Waverly Hall, Waycross, Waynesboro, Ways
Station, West Point, Whigham, White Oak, Willachoochee, Winder, Woodbine (3),
Wrens, Zebulon.

Georgia State Department of Public Welfare : Director, Braswell Been, Atlanta.
National Youth Administration, Region VII: Regional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, C. O. Emmerich, 10 Forsythe Street Bldg., Atlanta.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region VII: See Alabama.
U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: Headquarters, Post Office Bldg., Atlanta.

Venereal Disease Control Officer, Captain Ernest B. Howard (MC).
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

Walter S. Brown; State Home Demonstration Leader, Lurline Collier, Georgia

State College of Agriculture, Athens.
U. S. Navy, Sixth District: See South Carolina.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers, Mrs. Virginia L. Jones, Atlanta University, Atlanta;
Margaret Johnson, Emory University; Betty Ferguson, Georgia State College

for Women, Milledgeville; Wayne S. Yenawine, University of Georgia, Athens.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District IV, see Louisiana; Liaison

Officer, Fourth Army Corps Area, P. A. Surgeon Robert H. Onstott, Post

Office Bldg., Atlanta.
Work Projects Administration: Director of Community Service Program, Jane

Van De Vrede, 10 Forsythe Street Bldg., Atlanta.

Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta. During 1941
new eases of syphilis reported to this Service by private physicians
were 3,381 ; 18,276 new cases of syphilis were admitted to the clinics,
making a total of 21,657 new cases of syphilis reported. There was
a total of 21,725 new cases of syphilis reported in 1940. Private
physicians reported 375 new cases of gonorrhea, clinics reported
2,986 new cases, a total of 3,361. 982 cases of gonorrhea were
reported in 1940. Private physicians reported 30 cases of chancroid,
160 cases were reported by clinics, a total of 190 cases. There were
55 cases of chancroid reported in 1940.

Case reports are received by the Venereal Disease Control Service from private
physicians on individual case report cards (which are also used for ordering
free drugs), and from venereal disease clinics.

An estimated total of 1,340,826.5 doses of neoarsphenamine, sulpharsphenamine,
mapharsen, stovarsol, bismuth, sulfanilamide, and sulfathiazole were issued to
private physicians and clinics for the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea, as
compared with 1,646,301 doses for 1940. The use of sulfanilamide was dis-
continued in February and sulfathiazole was distributed in its place.

At the end of the year, there was a total of 199 clinics operating in 102
counties; 8 convict clinics were in operation; 222 physicians were receiving
honoraria at the rate of $5.00 per clinic session for conducting free venereal



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 221

disease clinics. A clinic session is defined as a minimum of 20 patients and
a maximum of 50 patients.

During the year, 347,270 serologie examinations for syphilis were performed
by the central laboratory and the two branch laboratories. Of this number,
there were 50,695 (14.6%) positive reactions. The number of serologic
examinations for 1940 was 232,326, with 38,893 (16.7%) giving a positive
reaction. A total of 309 darkfield examinations was made, with 77 (24.9%)
giving a positive reaction. The number of darkfield examinations for 1940
was 381, with 80 (21.0%) giving a positive reaction. During 1941, there were
9,882 examinations made for gonococci, with 1,929 (19.5%) giving a positive
reaction. During 1940, there were 8,146 examinations made for gonococci, with
1,818 (22.3%) giving a positive reaction.

A total of 8 lectures was made during the year to a total audience of 310.
Films were shown to 155 groups, comprising an audience of 19,792. Approxi-
mately 46,168 pieces of literature on venereal diseases were distributed, as
compared with 26,331 pieces of literature distributed during 1940. There were
124 clinic visits made, 107 conferences, and 6 meetings attended. Two radio
talks were made during the year.

Follow-up is made on all venereal disease cases and contacts referred to us by
institutions, Army, Navy, private physicians, and clinics.

A course designed to bring to medical practitioners the latest available infor-
mation about venereal diseases was presented at the University of Georgia
School of Medicine, Augusta, Georgia. It was sponsored by the Georgia
Department of Public Health in cooperation with the U. S. Public Health Service
and the Board of Regents of the University System. Didactic and clinical
material concerning the five venereal diseases was presented by the medical staff
at that institution. Each course lasted two weeks, and accommodated 10
physicians at each session. The physicians were paid an honorarium of $50.00
to cover their expenses while in Augusta. This course was discontinued in the
late Spring.

Selective Service regulations require a serologic test for syphilis on those
registrants who are called for physical examination by local boards. Prior
to call for induction, a second serologic test is required on every registrant
whose first test was reported positive. All positive cases are referred back to the
health officer, or where there is no health officer, to the regional medical director.
The health officer and the regional medical director then see that these cases
are placed under treatment.

Syphilis Control in Industry: It is hoped that, with the setting up of the
new Division of Industrial Hygiene, a worthwhile program of venereal disease
control measures in industry can be carried on by collaboration of the Divisions
of Industrial Hygiene, Public Health Education and Venereal Disease Control.
The new sound film Know for Sure is well adapted for industrial male audiences.
Six copies have been ordered, a copy to be given each region. A widespread
educational program among industrial workers is much needed.

Georgia Social Hygiene Council, Atlanta. This state-wide volun-
tary group reports that it faces a tremendous problem at present, in
that three large Army cantonments are located near its headquarters
and a large war industrial plant is under construction. Recreational
centers are provided in Atlanta.

The Council is about to take on a full-time field executive, to
organize the forces of the State and carry on a social hygiene educa-
tional campaign. Meantime much progress has been made: Public
health facilities for finding and treating cases of syphilis and gonor-
rhea have been greatly increased; state and local pharmaceutical
groups are aware of their responsibility to fight quackery; news-



222 JOURNAL, OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

papers, radio and churches are cooperating in education and public
information. Georgia has good laws against prostitution and plans
are on foot for adequate facilities to care for women and girls who
have been engaged in prostitution. Georgia does not provide by law
for protection of marriage and childhood from venereal diseases, but
an effort is being made to get such bills considered at the next legis-
lature. The Council, as usual, celebrated Social Hygiene Day, with
a public meeting.

A number of A.S.H.A. staff members have visited the city of Atlanta during
the past year, including Dr. Storey, Mr. Johnson and Mr. Stenek, for conference
with Army officials, health and law enforcement authorities.

IDAHO

Population Population rank among states 43

Urban 176,708 A.S.H.A. members in state 13

Rural 348,165

524,873

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Boise :

Idaho Public Health Association: Secretary, H. C. Clare.
Idaho State Anti-Syphilis Society: Secretary,

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Lester F. Albert, 316 State Street, Boise.
Idaho Anti-Tuberculosis Association: President, Alfred M. Popna, M.D., 211

Capitol Securities Bldg., P. O. Box 1703, Boise.

Idaho Conference of Social Work: President, A. H. Christiansen, Veterans Ad-
ministration, Boise; Executive Secretary, Mrs. Frances Humphrey Stanwood,

440% West Second Avenue, Twin Falls.
Idaho Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. B. L. Brainard, Ward-

ner; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. A. H. Knudsen, 320 Military Drive,

Coeur d'Alene.
Idaho Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Catherine

Athey, 309 Jefferson St., Boise.
Idaho Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Eobert A. Hogg, c/o Idaho

Power Company, Boise.
Idaho Nurses Association: Secretary, Annie L. Crawford, State Hospital South,

Blackfoot.
Idaho State Medical Association: President, Paul M. Ellis, M.D., Wallace;

Secretary, F. B. Jeppesen, M.D., 105 N. 8th Street, Boise.
Idaho Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Bethel B. Day, 941

California Street, Gooding.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region XI: See Missouri

Official Agencies

Idaho Civilian Defense: Coordinator, C. E. Arney, State Capitol, Boise.
Idaho State Department of Education: State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, C. E. Roberts, Boise.
Idaho State Department of Health: Health Officer, E. L. Berry, M.D., Boise.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 223

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:
Boise, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Falls, Lewiston, Pocatello, Twin Falls, Wallace.

National Youth Administration, Region XI: See Colorado.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region XI: See Colorado.
U. S. Army, Ninth Corps Area: See Utah.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

E. J. Iddings ; State Home Demonstration Leader, Marion M. Hepworth, College

of Agriculture, University of Idaho, Moscow.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Center: M. Belle Sweet, University of Idaho, Moscow.
U. S. Navy, Thirteenth District: See Washington.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VIII, see Colorado; for

Liaison Officer, Ninth Army Corps Area, see Utah.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Eva Bourgeois, P. O. Box 1459, Fairgrounds, Boise.

Idaho Congress of Parents and Teachers. Work for the passage
of premarital and prenatal examination laws has been an important
part of the past year's program of the Parent-Teacher Congress,
with a recommendation by the State Convention in April that
every candidate for the Legislature be contacted with regard to
these bills. Dr. Oscar Kaplan, State Chairman for Mental and
Social Hygiene of the Congress, reports that support of the pro-
posed laws has been secured from the Idaho State Medical Associ-
ation, Idaho Home Economics Association, Idaho Conference on
Social Work, Idaho Nurses' Association, Idaho Public Health Asso-
ciation and several other professional groups. The measures are
being supported not only as a means for detecting and treating
cases of syphilis, but as an important means of public education
regarding the venereal diseases.

Idaho State Department of Public Health and the Idaho Public
Health Association. At the beginning of the year 1941, clinics for
the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea were maintained in Coeur-
d'Alene, Lewiston, Twin Falls, and Pocatello. These clinics oper-
ated during the entire year. In addition, clinics were established
at Wallace, Boise, and Idaho Falls and were conducted by private
physicians in cooperation with the State Department of Public
Health. In August, 1941, the clinic in Boise was taken over by the
Boise City Health Unit. Law enforcement officials, in each of the
areas where clinics are conducted, cooperated with the health
officials in the suppression of commercialized prostitution.

The State Department of Public Health cooperated with the Selective Service
Boards by performing all serological tests on selectees and in epidemiological
investigations of those cases with positive serology. The serological examinations
performed by the Division of Laboratories increased 38.6 per cent over the
previous year. There has been an increase in the number of follow-up studies
on cases and case contacts.

A syphilologist was employed by the State Department of Public Health to
discuss the treatment of syphilis with members of the district medical societies.
These lecture courses are important in giving the practicing physicians the latest
developments in this field. The majority of workers employed in war industries
are given physical examinations, including serological tests for syphilis. Persons
found infected are given advice and assistance in obtaining treatment.



224 JOUKNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Newspapers and other publications cooperate fully in the campaign against the
venereal diseases. Other channels of information to the public are talks to
groups and distribution of literature by the Department of Public Health and
the Public Health Association. An active program in social hygiene for young
people is also being carried on by the Idaho State Health and Physical
Education Association.



Miss Shenehon of the A.S.H.A. staff visited Lewiston and Cheyenne during
the summer of 1941, attending the State Conference of Social Work.



ILLINOIS

Population Population rank among states 3

Urban 5,809,650 A.S.H.A. members in state 26

Enrol 2,087,591

7,897,241

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Champaign: Social Hygiene Committee of Champaign-Urbana: President, J. G.

Thomas; Secretary, Howard A. Amerman, 303 S. Wright Street.
Chicago :

Central States Division, American Social Hygiene Association: Field Consul-



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