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law enforcement agencies. These agencies are the sheriff's offices in counties,
and the police department in cities. The Kansas Bureau of Investigation
and the Kansas State Highway Patrol have also cooperated where special problems
have existed. The Division of Venereal Diseases of course attempts to assist all
law enforcement agencies where diagnosis, treatment or education are of value
in the control of disease. Investigation and follow-up work are carried out
by public health personnel, except where there is clear indication that the indi-
vidual suspected of disease is also breaking laws which endanger the public
health. Health officers and nurses do not apprehend individuals nor convict
them of crime. It is our opinion that health agencies can do most for the cause
of venereal disease control by avoiding police methods. In this connection we
have found the investigations and reports of prostitution conditions by the
American Social Hygiene Association representatives in various cities to be of
great value in seeking the cooperation of law enforcement agencies and officials
of local governments. This information must come from some source which
will not give the general public the impression that the health department is a
detective agency. The American Social Hygiene Association investigation and
report program seems to be ideal for the purpose. While of necessity these
investigations and reports are not widely publicized, they are brought to the
attention of the proper officials and results obtained indicate that they are highly
respected. We shall encourage the continuation of this service by the American
Social Hygiene Association.

Women and girls with venereal disease may be quarantined at the Kansas
Women's Industrial Farm at Lansing. This constitutes little less than imprison-
ment for disease since the farm is in fact the State Penitentiary for Women
and women are sent here with disease whether or not they have been convicted
of a crime. Definite steps are being taken to establish a State quarantine and
rehabilitation hospital away from the prison where at least a study of the
possibilities of rehabilitation may be made.

There have been no new social hygiene laws enacted in Kansas since 1938.
There was widespread interest in proposed premarital and prenatal examinations
during the 1941 State Legislative Session but no laws were passed. Church
and family welfare groups will no doubt again sponsor and support proposals
for the passage of premarital and prenatal laws during the 1943 session of the
Kansas State Legislature as they did in 1941.

Education for Marriage and Family Life: It is our impression that Kansas
schools and colleges are attempting to provide needed information about sex
and family life and marriage and parenthood. Members of the State Board of
Health have been invited to appear before classes of prospective teachers at
Kansas Universities during the past several years to discuss the venereal disease

National Defense and War Activities: There are several rather large war
industry projects established and being established in Kansas. In almost every
plant there is the beginning at least of a plan to consider the problem of venereal
disease control. Organization and building of the plants have involved such
feverish activity on the part of both the labor groups and industrial manage-
ment that consideration of the health of the worker has probably not received
its full share of emphasis. As the plants are completed and the workers settle
down to routine production, we find that both labor groups and industrial
management turn to their medical advisers for some permanent program of con-
sideration of the health of the worker, including control of venereal diseases.
Workers employed to establish plants are usually temporary residents and seldom
receive blood tests or even general physical examinations which would reveal
health deficiencies. When a plant is completed, however, the permanent employees
are receiving blood tests at the time of employment or shortly thereafter. Some
plants have refused to hire applicants with positive serology, but in other plants
a positive blood test is no bar to employment and the infected employee is
directed to a clinic or private source of treatment. Gonorrhea, when detected,


is treated in the same manner in most plants. Most of the large plants are
newly established or recently enlarged and there has not yet been time to work
out programs of routine education or routine examination.

There are several military establishments in Kansas, and in communities
about military establishments every effort has been made to organize official
full-time health agencies to deal with the general problems of health and especially
with the venereal disease problem in soldiers and civilians. Conferences are held
with the military authorities, local government officials, voluntary organizations
and local health and law enforcement agencies to determine the best means to
be taken for improving unwholesome conditions.

There is a high interest in the venereal disease problem in youth groups,
especially in those groups centered about the high schools. Local physicians
and service and civic clubs often sponsor educational programs in the high
schools. The State Board of Health furnishes a program of films with all
equipment and an operator. With These Weapons and Plain Facts have been
the most popular films. The films are shown to the boys and girls together. We
have lost count of the numerous groups to whom the pictures have been shown.
The demand for these programs continues.

In summary it may be said that the Kansas State Board of Health is attempt-
ing to conduct its program of venereal disease control in a common-sense manner
along the lines suggested by such authoritative veteran organizations in the field
of "war health" as the TJ. S. Public Health Service and the American Social
Hygiene Association. While some individualism is necessary, the sound yet
simple plan of "diagnose, treat, educate" is at present our greatest hope for
control of syphilis and gonorrhea. War hysteria has somewhat diverted certain
individuals and groups from the idea that syphilis and gonorrhea are diseases
and attracted them to the more sensational aspects of the problem. When the
war emergency is over, we hope to be able to go on with a program of venereal
disease control which is based on the idea that persons infected with venereal
disease are suffering from diseases, with emphasis on disease. We can make
people believe that disease is everybody's problem.

A.S.H.A. staff members visiting Topeka, Leavenworth and Lawrence within
recent years have included Dr. Snow, Miss Pinney, Miss Shenehon and Mr. Gould.


For ready reference, we list the headquarters addresses of a number
of national agencies whose state or regional headquarters addresses do
not appear elsewhere in this compilation :

Kiwanis International: Secretary, O. E. Peterson, 520 North Michigan Avenue,
Chicago, Illinois.

Lions International: Secretary-General, Melviu Jones, 350 McCormick Bldg.,
Chicago, Illinois.

Rotary International: Secretary, Chesley Perry, 35 E. Wacker Drive, Chicago,



(List from the USO Offices)
The initials used in the regional lists refer to the following agencies:

YMCA Young Men's Christian Association.
SAL. ARMY Salvation Army.
YWCA Young Women's Christian Association
FSA Federal Security Agency.

nited Service Organizations.

NCCS National Catholic Community Service.
JWB Jewish Welfare Board.
NTAA National Travelers' Aid Association.

F. S. A.

Region I


Regional Staff



Chester H. Smith



H. Ross Bunco


YMCA (Ind)

E. C. Worman

New Hampshire

NCOS (Men)

C. Glynn Fraser

Rhode Island

NCOS (Women)

Anna I. Corrigan



Major Chester Brown


Lavy M. Becker


Mrs. Lansing Lewis


Evelyn Heacox


Ralph A. Tracy

Region II

New York


Harold B. Allen


H. Ross Bunce

YMCA (Ind)

E. C. Worman

NCCS (Men)

Gerard J. Janeske

NCOS ( Women)

Anna I. Corrigan


Brig. Harold Smith

(Plus New Jersey)


Charles Nemser


Mrs. Lanshig Lewis


Evelyn Heacox


Warren D. Pierce

Region III




Harold B. Allen

New Jersey


H. Ross Bunce


YMCA (Ind)

E. C. Worman

NCCS (Men)

Gerard J. Janeske

NCCS (Women)

Anna I. Corrigan


Brig. Harold Smith

(minus New Jersey)


E. J. Londow


Mrs. Lansing Lewis


Mrs. R, C. Williams


J. W. Faust

Region IV

D'st. of Columbia


Chester D. Snell



Herbert T. Hitch

North Carolina

YMCA (Ind)

E. C. Worman


(minus N. C. & Va.)

West Virginia

NCCS (Men)

Gerard J. Janeske

NCCS (Women)

Mary Louise Dowling


Lt. Col. C. J. Hickey


E. J. Londow

(minus N. C.)


Annie-Kate Gilbert


Mrs. R. C. Williams

(minus N. C.)


John I. Neasmith


1103 Park Sq. Bldg., Boston

347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.

347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.

25 Huntington Ave., Boston

626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.

14 Warrenton St., Boston

7 Water St., Boston

35 Highland St., New Haven

425 Fourth Ave., N. Y. C.

120 Boylston St., Boston

1630 Emp. State Bldg., N.Y.C.
347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.
347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.
626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.
626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.
120 West 14th St., N. Y. C.
652 High St., Newark, N. J.
35 Highland St., New Haven
425 Fourth Ave., N. Y. C.
11 West 42nd St., N.Y.C.

1630 Emp. State Bldg., N.Y.C.
347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.
347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.
626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.
626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.
120 West 14th St., N. Y. C.
1529-16th St., N.W., Wash 'ton
35 Highland St., New Haven
425 Fourth Ave., N. Y. C.
Juniper & Chestnut Sts., Phila.

1010 Mutual Bldg., Richmond
1213 Planters B'k B., Richmond
347 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.

626 Empire State Bldg., N.Y.C.
1312 Mass. Ave., N.W., Wash.
54 Ellis St., Atlanta
1529-16th St., N.W., Wash 'ton

600 Lexington Ave., N. Y. C.
425 Fourth Ave., N. Y. C.

1025 Vermont Av., N.W., Wash.

(Continued on page 363)


Vol. 28 May, 1942 No. 5



Social Hygiene

Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.
The Program in Action in the States and Communities. Part II.


State and Community Summaries: (continued)

Kentucky 241

Louisiana 244

Maine 247

Maryland 248

Massachusetts 252

Michigan 257

Minnesota 259

Mississippi 260

Missouri 263

Montana 270

Nebraska 271

Nevada 273

New Hampshire 275

New Jersey 278

New Mexico 283

New York 286

(Continued in June issi-

Seventh National Social Hygiene Day
February 3, 1943

The American Social Hygiene Association presents the articles printed in the
JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE upon the authority of their writers. It does not
necessarily endorse or assume responsibility for opinions expressed or statements
made. The reviewing of a book in the JOURNAL or SOCIAL HYGIENE does not
imply its recommendation by the Association.


C.-E. A. WINSLOW, Chairman





The JOURNAL or SOCIAL HYGIENE is supplied to active members of the American
Social Hygiene Association, Inc. Membership dues are two dollars a year Tl
magazine will be sent to persons not members of the Association at three dollars
a year; single copies are sold at thirty-five cents each. Postage outside the United
States and its possessions, 50 cents a year.
Entered as second-class matter at post-office at Albany, N. Y., March 23, 1922.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103,
Act of October 3, 1917, authorized March 23, 1922.

Published monthly (nine issues a year) for the Association by the Boyd Printing
Company, Inc., 372-374 Broadway, Albany, N. Y.

CoDvrieht 1942, by The American Social Hygiene Association, Inc.
Title Registered, U. 8. Patent Office.





CENTRAL STATES DIVISION: 9 East Huron Street, Chicago, 111.
BERTHA M. SHAFER, M.D., Field Consultant

WESTERN STATES DIVISION: 45 Second Street, San Francisco, Cal.
W. FORD HIGBY, Field Consultant

WASHINGTON, D. C., LIAISON OFFICE: 927 15th Street, N.W., Room 609

Miss JEAN B. PINNEY, Associate Director in Charge

MRS. GERTRUDE R. LUCE, Office Secretary


of '

Social Hygiene

VOL. 28 MAY, 1942 NO. 5

Social Hygiene in Wartime. L

The Program in Action in the States and Communities.

Part II.

(For Parts I and III see April and June issues.)


Population Population rank among states 16

Urban 849,327 A.S.H.A. members in state 40

Eural 1,996,300


Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Louisville: Social Hygiene Association of Kentucky: Secretary, Margaret Flynn,
620 S. Third Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, T. H. Hay den, War Memorial Bldg.,

Kentucky Conference of Social Work: President, Robert K. Salyers, 301 West

Main Street, Louisville.
Kentucky Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Tuttle Loekwood,

Afton Heights, Paducah; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. W. H. Faulkner,

Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman, Public Welfare, Miss Louise

Morel, 620 South Third St., Louisville.
Kentucky Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Charles H. Gartrell, 4298

Chadwick Street, Ashland.

Kentucky State Medical Association: President, E. L. Henderson, M.D., Louis-
ville; Secretary, A. T. MeCormaek, MJ>., 620 S. Third Street, Louisville.
Kentucky State Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Myrtle C.

Applegate, 604 S. Third Street, Louisville; Secretary, State Organization for

Public Health Nursing, Beatrice Daniels, Health Department, Georgetown.
Kentucky Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, L. E. Smith, M.D., 620

8. Third Street, Louisville.



Kentucky Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1135 Richmond
Road, Lexington. In charge, Mrs. Nora B. Taylor; President, Mrs. Ludie Day
Picket, Wilmore.

Ki warns International:*

Lions International:*

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region V: See Illinois.

Official Agencies

Kentucky Civil Defense Commission: Director, J. J. Greenlead, State Capitol,

Kentucky State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruction,

John W. Brooker, Frankfort; Supervisor of Negro Education, L. N. Taylor.
Kentucky State Department of Health: State Health Officer, A. T. McCormack,

M.D., Louisville; Director, Bureau of Venereal Diseases, John R. Pate, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Adairville, Albany, Anchorage, Ashland, Barbourville, Bardwell, Bedford, Benton,
Berea, Booneville, Bowling Green, Brandenburg, Brooksville, Brownsville, Burkes-
ville, Cadiz, Camp Taylor, Campton, Carlisle, Carrollton, Central City, Clinton,
Columbia, Corbin, Covington, Cynthiana, Dixon, Eddyville, Edmonton, Elizabeth-
town, Elkton, Flemingsburg, Fredonia, Frenchburg, Fullerton, Fulton, George-
town, Glasgow, Grayson, Greenburg, Greenup, Greenville, Hardinsburg, Harrods-
burg, Hartford, Hawesville, Hazard, Henderson, Hickman, Hindman, Hopkins-
ville (2), Horse Cave, Hyden, Inez, Irvine, Jackson, LaCenter, Lawrenceburg,
Leitchfield, Lexington, Lewisport, Liberty, London, Louisa, Louisville (7), McKee,
Madisonville, Manchester, Marion, Mayfield, Maysville, Middlesboro, Monticello,
Morehead, Morganfield, Morgantown, Mt. Vernon, Munfordville, Murray, Newport,
Owenton, Owingsville, Paducah, Paintsville, Paris, Pikesville, Pineville, Prestons-
burg, Princeton, Providence, Richmond, Russell, Russellville, Salem, Sass Ridge,
Scotsville, Southland, Somerset, Stanford, Stanton, Sturgis, Taylorsville, Tomp-
kinsville, Valley Station, Warsaw, West Liberty, Whitesburg, Whitley City, Wick-
liffe, Williamsburg, Williamstown, Yeaddiss.

National Youth Administration, Region V: See Ohio.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region V: See Ohio.

U. S. Army, Fifth Corps Area: See Ohio.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
T. P. Cooper; State Home Demonstration Leader, Myrtle M. Weldon, College
of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers: Dr. John Barrow, Berea College, Berea; Mrs. Ann
B. Anderson, Kentucky State College, Frankfort; Norma B. Cass, University
of Kentucky, Lexington; J. Paul Druion, University of Louisville; Dr. Lee
Francis Jones, Western Kentucky State Teachers College, Bowling Green.

U. S. Public Health Service: State Venereal Disease Control Consultant, P. A.
Surgeon John A. Lewis, Jr., State Department of Health, Louisville; for
Director, District III, see Illinois; for Liaison Officer, Fifth Army Corps Area,
see Ohio.

Work Projects Administration: Director of Community Service Program, Eliza-
beth Fullerton, 9th and Broadway, Louisville.

State Department of Health, Louisville. The Kentucky prenatal
law and the Kentucky premarital law have together stimulated a
general interest in and a dissemination of knowledge concerning
venereal diseases among all classes of citizens in the State.

The prenatal law became effective June 12, 1940. Since that date, examinations
of pregnant women under this law have totaled 88,685. Of this total 1,644 or
1.86%, were positive. In every case, effort was made to bring the patient

* See page 239 for national headquarters.


under anti-syphilitic treatment. The premarital law became effective January
1, 1941. Since that date, serological examinations on applicants for marriage
licenses in Kentucky have totaled 102,810. Of this total, 2,207, or 2.1% were
positive. Many of the positive premarital applicants were non-residents of
Kentucky; the majority of them, regardless of whether of this State or other
states, have now been brought under treatment.

Laboratories in Kentucky, which have been approved in accordance with
the Serodiagnostic Survey as recommended by the National Committee for the
Serodiagnosis of Syphilis, now number seventy-nine. Several other private
laboratories are participating in a serodiagnostie survey, which is being con-
ducted at this time, so it is to be expected that this number will be increased
shortly. At the present time, 135 clinics in the State are treating an aggregate
of 10,804 syphilis patients. Five new clinics have been established since
the beginning of the current year.

Every effort is made to coSperate with the medical staffs of the Army
cantonments in this State. Contact tracing, case finding, and case holding,
have all been improved since the employment in April, 1942, of forty additional
venereal disease investigators. Clinics, in most cases, have increased their
case loads from forty to fifty per cent or more. Private physicians have
been gratifyingly cooperative. Many of these physicians are securing, through
the State Department of Health and the various local health units, drugs for
treatment of indigent and semi-indigent patients. All syphilitic patients under
treatment are reported and records of treatment are made in the Central
Tabulating Unit. Eeports are sent to clinic directors of the status of their
various clinics. These reports serve as an incentive for improvement of work
from month to month.

Many of the private serodiagnostie laboratories are cooperating with their
local draft boards, as well as with the State Department of Health laboratory.
The Kahn Verification test, when indicated, is used. Treatment in general has
improved. The aggregate number of patients under treatment in Kentucky
increased from 14,591 in 1940 to 15,431 in 1941.

A new prostitution law, which became effective June 2 of this year, is
expected still further to improve the situation by curbing an important source
of venereal disease dissemination.

Two venereal disease educators have been added to the staff of the Bureau
of Venereal Diseases of the State Department of Health. These educators
operate out in the field, spreading information regarding venereal disease to the
general public. This phase of the venereal disease control activity is augmented
by the entire staff of the Venereal Disease Bureau. The educators cooperate,
in every way possible, with the Social Hygiene Association of Kentucky, which
is an affiliate of the American Social Hygiene Association. While progress is
not spectacular, it is felt that we are gradually and constantly approaching
the goal of venereal disease control in Kentucky.

Social Hygiene Association of Kentucky, Louisville. Outstanding
in the work of the past year was the celebration of Sixth National
Social Hygiene Day in Louisville. Besides three radio programs,
good space with pictures in the newspapers, and representation of
the Association at the Cincinnati Regional Conference, a luncheon
meeting was held in Louisville on the theme of Delinquency and
National Defense, with speakers from the U. S. Navy and the
Selective Service Board.

Another very successful feature of the Association's program was
the Institute on Education for Marriage conducted by Dr. Carl
Whittaker, well-known psychiatrist.


The Association took a leading part early in 1942 in securing
the passage of the new state law for the repression of commercial-
ized prostitution, which brings Kentucky into the group of states
now having adequate legislation on this subject.

A.S.H.A. staffs visiting Kentucky during the past year have included Miss
McGrath, who studied industrial conditions in Wheelwright, and Mr. Gould,
who aided in drafting the new state law for repression of prostitution above
referred to.


Population Population rank among states 21

Urban 980,439 A.S.H.A. members in state 260

Eural 1,383,441


Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Monroe-Ouachita Parish Social Hygiene Society: Chairman, G. Douglas Wil-
liams, M.D., c/o Ouachita Parish Health Department.

New Orleans:

Social Hygiene Association of New Orleans: Executive Secretary, Mrs. L.

Towson Ellis, 205 New Orleans Court Bldg.
New Orleans Committee on Social Hygiene Day : Chairman, Eugene B. Vickery;

Secretary, Mrs. L. T. Ellis.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Matt Monaghan, 201 Masonic Temple,
New Orleans.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Louisiana Conference of Social Welfare: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Roberta G.
Falk, P. O. Box 1362, Baton Rouge.

Louisiana Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Fagan Cox, 4202
South Grand, Monroe; Social Hygiene Chairman, Alvin Good, Natchitoches.

Louisiana Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman, Public Welfare, Mrs. Gas-
ton Dominguez, Jeanerette.

Louisiana Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Ringgold B. Hardin, Roose-
velt Hotel, New Orleans.

Louisiana Nurses Association: Secretary, Saide Salmela, Charity Hospital; Sec-
retary, State Organization for Public Health Nursing, Ezukda Deckman, 4219
S. Johnson Street, New Orleans.

Louisiana State Medical Society: President, Emmett L. Irwin, M.D., New Orleans;
Secretary, P. T. Talbot, M.D., 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans.

Louisiana State Teachers Association: H. W. Wright, 418 Florida Street, Baton

Louisiana Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Beulah Mayo,
1635 Hodges St., Lake Charles.

Rotary International:*

Tuberculosis and Public Health Association of Louisiana: Executive Secretary,
Mrs. John M. McBryde, 1214 Tulane Ave., New Orleans.

United Service Organizations, Region X: See Texas.

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