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Journal of social hygiene (Volume 28) online

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Official Agencies
uncil: Coord

See page 239 for national headquarters.

Louisiana Civilian Defense Council: Coordinator, Roland Cocreham, State Capi-
tol, Baton Rouge.


Louisiana State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Education,
John E. Coxe, Baton Rouge ; Supervisor, Health, Physical and Safety Education,
8. A. McNeely; Supervisor of Negro Education, J. E. Williams.

Louisiana State Department of Health: State Health Officer, C. L. Mengis,
M.D., 203 Civil Court Bldg., New Orleans; Supervisor, Section on Venereal
Disease Control, Ira L. Schamberg, M.D., same address.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abbeville, Alexandria, Arcadia, Bastrop, Batehelor, Baton Rouge, Benton, Ber-
muda, Bernice, Bogalusa, Bonita, Bossier City, Boyce, Calhoun, Campti, Carencro.
Caspiana, Church Point, Clarks, Colfax, Collinston, Columbia, Cotton Valley,
Coushatta, Covington, Crowley, DeRidder, Destrehan, Dixie, Donaldsonville,
Duplessis, East Point, Elizabeth, Elton, Epps (2), Evening Star, Farmerville,
Feniday, Franklin, Franklinton, Gilliam, Glenmora, Gloster, Grambling, Grand
Cane, Gueydan, Hahnville, Haynesville, Holly Ridge, Homer, Houma, Iota,
Jeanerette, Jena, Jennings, Jonesboro, Jonesville, Kaplan, Lafayette (2), Lake
Arthur, Lake Providence, Lake St. John, Lecompte, Leesville, Liberty, Lockport,
Louisa, Madisonville, Mansfield (2), Maringouin, Marksville, Melrose, Merryville,
Minden, Mira, Monroe, Morgan City, Mount Olive, Natchitoehes, Newellton, New
Iberia, New Orleans (6), New Roads, Oakdale, Oak Grove, Oak Ridge, Oberlin,
Opelousas, Pineville, Plaquemine, Rayne, Rayville, Ringgold, Robson, Ruston,
St. Joseph, St. Martinville, Shreveport, Sicily Island, Sondheimer, Spearsville,
Spring Hill, Tallulah, Thibodaux, Vidalia, Ville Platte, Vivian, Waterproof,
Weeks Island, Welsh, White Castle, Winnfield, Winnsboro (2), Wisner.

Louisiana State Department of Public Welfare: Commissioner, C. Ellis Heni-
can, Baton Rouge.

National Youth Administration, Region X: See Texas.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region X: See Texas.

U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
H. C. Sanders; State Home Demonstration Leader, Ellen LeNoir, Louisiana
State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, University Station,
Baton Rouge.

U. S. Navy, Eighth District: The Commandant, Headquarters, New Orleans;
Venereal Disease Control Officer, Lt. Comdr. C. W. Robles (MC). See also
Florida and Texas.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers: Nathaniel J. Stewart, Dillard University, New
Orleans; James A. McMillen, Louisiana University, Baton Rouge; Mrs. C. S.
Shade, Southern University, Scotlandville ; Robert J. Usher, Tulane University
of Louisiana, New Orleans.

U. S. Public Health Service: Director, District IV, Medical Director Charles L.
Williams; District Venereal Disease Control Consultants, Surgeon Frank S.
Fellows, P. A. Surgeon D. C. Elliott; State Venereal Disease Control Consult-
ants, P. A. Surgeon Terrence E. Billings, State Board of Health, New Orleans;
P. A. Surgeon Robert L. Zobel, State Department of Health, Baton Rouge,
1307 Pere Marquette Bldg., New Orleans; for Liaison Officer, Fourth Army
Corps Area, see Georgia.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Alma 8. Hammond, 803 Canal Bank Bldg., P. O. Box 1070, New Orleans.

State Board of Health, New Orleans. Louisiana is one of four
states to improve its laws for the repression of prostitution during
1942, becoming the twenty-third state to adopt adequate legislation
for this purpose. The new law provides for penalizing keepers or
operators of any place or conveyance used for prostitution; owners
who knowingly permit or let their property for the purposes of pros-
titution ; and occupants in, and frequenters of, such places.

Louisiana has had in effect since July 31, 1940, a law requiring prenatal exam-
ination for syphilis, including a blood test at first examination or as soon
thereafter as possible.


The Board of Health conducts a program of education, with the Social Hygiene
Association of New Orleans cooperating. In February, 1941, on the occasion of
Fifth National Social Hygiene Day, social hygiene groups in Louisiana sponsored
one of five regional conferences held in different parts of the United States.
... On May 14, 1942, a community-wide meeting was held in New Orleans in
connection with the National Conference of Social Work. . . .

Louisiana has a large military population, and in addition has been the scene
of large-scale maneuvers. New Orleans was one of the first cities to provide
for recreation for soldiers and sailors visiting the city, through an Information
Center set up by the New Orleans Committee on Recreation for Service Men.
Organized under the Group Work and Recreation Division of the Council of
Social Agencies, which is made up of representatives from various health and
welfare organizations, the center provides a lounge, writing materials, game
facilities, reading matter, and a clearing house of information about the sights
of the city, programs and facilities of the various clubs and churches, and
events of interest to service men.

New Orleans: Social Hygiene Association of New Orleans. Social
hygiene war problems loom large in New Orleans since there are
several navy establishments in or near the city and a number of
large army camps in the State. New Orleans was one of the first
cities to recognize the need for a coordinated recreational program
and, through its Council of Social Agencies, early in 1941, undertook a
program which has since been coordinated with the USO, the American
Women's Volunteer Service, and other groups. Through the Divi-
sion of Industrial Hygiene of the State Health Department, coop-
erating with the Section on Venereal Disease Control, blood tests
are being given in war industries plants.

Law enforcement for repression of commercialized prostitution is improving.
An isolation hospital has been established in Leesville, for infected prostitutes.
A law requiring examinations of expectant mothers for syphilis was enacted in
July, 1940, and a bill providing for premarital examinations for syphilis was
introduced in the State legislature, but failed to pass. Public understanding and
cooperation is excellent in support of these laws especially among church and
family welfare groups. Facilities for finding and treating syphilis and gonorrhea
have been increased but are still unequal to the need. The pharmaceutical groups
are aiding to some extent in the campaign against quackery. Radio stations and
newspapers cooperate in public information and an active educational program is
maintained through the use of posters, pamphlets, and motion pictures shown
through the Health Department. While public schools have not yet incorporated
sex education in their curricula, most private schools and the colleges give such
instruction. Marriage and parenthood training courses are given by YMCA,

New Orleans was the scene of a Regional Conference on Fifth National Social
Hygiene Day, February 5, 1941, sponsored jointly with the American Social
Hygiene Association, 45 state and local agencies, and a Committee on Social
Hygiene Day, of which Honorary Chairman was Dr. John H. Musser, and Chair-
man was Ralph Boothby. On May 14th, 1942, 20 of these agencies sponsored a
program on Social Protection in Wartime, in connection with the National
Conference of Social Work.

A.S.H.A. staff members are frequent visitors to Louisiana. Among those
there for special meetings or conferences with health officials, law enforcement
officers or Army and Navy officials during the past year and a half are: Dr.
Storey, (to attend a meeting of the National Student Health Association at
New Orleans and the Regional Conference on Fifth National Social Hygiene
Day) ; Mr. Johnson, (as consultant on law enforcement questions and as speaker
at the May 14th meeting in New Orleans) Mr. Gould, as consultant on the


newly enacted legislation; Miss McGrath, regarding industrial matters; and
Miss Pinney regarding community organization and public information programs.
From September, 1939 to April, 1941, the A.S.H.A. maintained a Southern
States Division office in New Orleans, with Mrs. William Haller, Jr., as field
secretary. Close cooperative relations continue with the New Orleans Social
Hygiene Association and other state and community voluntary agencies, as well
as with the official groups.


Population Population rank among states 35

Urban 343,057 A.S.H.A. members in state 19

Eural 504,169

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Portland: Social Protection Committee, Council of Social Agencies: Executive
Secretary, John D. Wellman, Oxford Bldg., 187 Middle Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, James L. Boyle, 104 Main Street,


Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Maine Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Burton Goodwin,

Mexico; Social Hygiene Chairman, L. Joe Roy, Farmiugton.
Maine Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. J. W.

Sweetsir, 54 Nott Street, Saco.
Maine Medical Association: President, Carl H. Stevens, M.D., Belfast; Secretary,

Frederick R. Carter, M.D., 142 High Street, Portland.
Maine Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Alice S. Hawes, 54

Saunders Street, Portland; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section, Helen

Field Dunn, State House, Augusta.
Maine Public Health Association, Inc.: Financial Secretary, Mrs. Alice H.

McGouldrick, 256 Water Street, Augusta.
Maine State Conference of Social Welfare: Secretary, Mrs. Marion Powers, 218

Ohio Street, Bangor.

Maine Teachers Association: Richard B. Kennan, 14 Western Avenue, Augusta.
Maine Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 142 Free Street,

Portland. In charge, Elsie I. Hannaford; President, Mrs. Augusta K. Christie,

Presque Isle.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region I: See Massachusetts.

Official Agencies
Maine Civilian Defense Council: Director, Col. F. H. Farnum, State House,

Maine State Department of Education: Commissioner of Education, Bertram E.

Packard, Augusta; Director of Physical Education, C. Harry Edwards.
Maine State Department of Health and Welfare: Director of Health, Roscoe L.

Mitchell, M.D., Augusta.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians of:

Augusta, Bangor, Bath, Belfast, Biddeford, Bingham, Calais, Danforth, Eastport,
Ellsworth, Grand Isle, Gilford, Houlton, Island Falls, Kittery, Le wist on (2),
Millinocket, Old Town, Portland (3), Presque Isle, Roekland, Rumford, Sanford,
Waterville, Wilton, Winthrop.

National Youth Administration, Region I: See Massachusetts.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region I: See Massachusetts.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.


U. S. Army, First Corps Area: See Massachusetts.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

A. L. Deering; State Home Demonstration Leader, Estelle Nason, College of

Agriculture, University of Maine, Orono.
U. S. Navy, First District: See Massachusetts.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Center: L. T. Ibbetson, University of Maine, Orono.
TJ. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District I, see New York; for Liaison

Officer, First Army Corps Area, see Massachusetts.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Helen Irene Twombly, 142 High Street, Portland.

State Bureau of Health, Augusta. No venereal disease patient need
be without treatment in Maine. Hospitalization is provided for
infectious cases, and special examinations or treatment by spe-
cialists. Drugs are given private physicians for all venereal patients.
There are 29 clinics for venereal disease diagnosis and treatment
and for those who cannot afford it, transportation to a clinic or
the fee of a local physician is paid by the State.

Public health nurses are used for case-finding and case-holding
work. Additional nurses are being assigned to military and indus-
trial areas. Social protection committees are working to protect
soldiers, sailors and civilians from unwholesome conditions. Pros-
titution is not tolerated.

In the educational campaign, newspapers and radio stations
cooperate. The Department makes use of lectures, movies and the
distribution of literature. Educational material has been placed
in pay envelopes by some plants. Preemployment blood tests are
becoming more common.

A number of A.S.H.A. staff members and officers regularly confer with health
officials and other interested agencies and groups in Maine. Dr. Snow, Dr.
Clarke, Dr. Storey, and Mr. Gould, are among those who have visited the Pine
Tree State in recent months.


Population Population rank among states 28

Urban 1,080,351 A.S.H.A. members in state 58

Rural 740,893


Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Baltimore: Maryland Social Hygiene Society: (Inactive) Acting Secretary,
James M. Hepbron, 22 Light Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, J. Nelson Tribby, War Memorial,

Civitan International: District Governor, Chesapeake District, John W. FarreU,

925 Fidelity Bldg., Baltimore.
Kiwania International:*
Lions International:*

* See page 239 for national headquarters.


Maryland State Conference of Social Welfare: Secretary, Mrs. Caroline D.

McDennott, 22 Light Street, Baltimore.
Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. G. R. Clements,

7 Thomas Street, Annapolis; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. Fred H. Cook,

2950 Hartford Avenue, Baltimore.
Maryland-Delaware Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. Milton C. Lang,

306 Tunbridge Road, Baltimore.
Maryland Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Charles

O. Appleman, College Park.

Maryland Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Ralph M. Race, Frostburg.
Maryland Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Blanche G. Powell,

1217 Cathedral Street, Baltimore; Secretary, State Organization for Public

Health Nursing, Charlotte von Briesen, 346 Rosebank Avenue, Baltimore.
Maryland State Teachers Association: Lillian Cheezum, Eastern.
Maryland Tuberculosis Association: Managing Director, William B. Mathews,

900 St. Paul Street, Baltimore.
Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland: President, R. Lee Hall, M.D.,

Pocomoke City ; Secretary, W. H. Toulson, M.D. ; 1211 Cathedral Street, Baltimore.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region IV: See Virginia.

Official Agencies

Maryland Council of Defense: Executive Director, Isaac S. George, 203 Calvert

Bldg., Baltimore.
Maryland State Department of Education: Superintendent of Schools, Albert S.

Cook, 1111 Lexington Bldg., Baltimore; Supervisor of Physical Education and

Recreation, Thomas C. Ferguson; Supervisor of Colored Schools, J. Walter

Maryland State Department of Health: Director of Health, Robert H. Riley,

M.D., Baltimore; Chief, Bureau of Venereal Diseases, F. O. Reinhard, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Annapolis (2), Baltimore (16), Bel Air, Berlin, Brunswick, Cambridge, Centre-
ville, Chestertown, Crisfield, Cumberland, Damascus, Dawsonville, Denton, Eaaton,
Eldersburg, Elkton, Ellicott City, Federalsburg, Frederick, Grayton, Hagerstown,
Havre de Grace, Hughesville, Hurloek, Hyattsville, Kitzmiller, La Plata, Laurel,
Leonardtown, Linden, McKendree, Magothy, Norbeck, Oakland, Pasadena, Poco-
moke City, Pomonkey, Prince Frederick, Princess Anne, Rockville, Salisbury (2),
Sandy Spring, Snow Hill, Sparrows Point, Stevensville, Sudlersville, Towson,
Upper Marlboro, Westernport, Westminster, Wheaton.

Maryland State Social Welfare Commission: Chairman, Walter F. Gries, 230
North Grand Avenue, Lansing.

National Youth Administration, Region IV: See West Virginia.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region III: See District of Columbia.

U. S. Army, Third Corps Area: Headquarters, U. S. Post Office and Court House,
Baltimore; Venereal Disease Control Officer, Captain Albert F. Doyle.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
T. B. Symons; State Home Demonstration Leader, Venia M. Kellar, Univer-
sity of Maryland, College Park.

U. S. Navy, Fifth District: See Virginia.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers: Mrs. Angeline D. Smith, Morgan State College, Balti-
more; Prof. Carl W. E. Hintz, University of Maryland, College Park.

U. S. Public Health Service: Director, District II, Senior Surgeon W. K. Sharp,
National Institute of Health, Bethesda; Liaison Officer, Third Army Corps
Area, Surgeon E. W. Norris, U. S. Post Office and Court House, Baltimore;
Director, Syphilis Research Center, P. A. Surgeon Harry Eagle, Johns Hopkins
Hospital; District Venereal Disease Control Consultant, P. A. Surgeon Noka
B. Hon. Public Health Methods Bldg., National Institute of Health, Betheada;
State Venereal Disease Control Consultant, P. A. Surgeon Nobel W. Guthrie,
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.


Work Projects Administration: (Also serves Delaware and District of Columbia.)
State Director of Community Service Program, Mrs. Amalie S. Fair, 1100
Baltimore Trust Bldg., Baltimore.

State Department of Health, Baltimore. The control of syphilis
in Maryland is handled separately by the Maryland State Health
Department for the counties and the Baltimore City Health Depart-
ment for the City of Baltimore.

The State Department of Health has consultation service by one
of the outstanding clinicians in the United States who has been
instrumental in drawing up a program of venereal disease control
application in the counties of Maryland. Fifty free clinics are now
operated in the counties for the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea.
Wherever possible, these clinics are staffed by a member of the
county medical society, a number of whom have taken special train-
ing in the treatment of venereal diseases. Seven clinics are operated
by county health officers. To these facilities is added the contribu-
tion made by the two large university clinics in the treatment of
non-residents of Baltimore City.

"In addition, the State Health Department operates two serologic laboratories,
one in Baltimore and one in Cumberland, which in 1941 examined 100,638 speci-
mens from county patients. These facilities are overtaxed to meet the potential
demand. There were 3,331 new cases applying to clinics in the counties in 1941.
The total number of visits in that year to State controlled or subsidized clinics
in the counties was 97,652. There is no adequate information as to the propor-
tion of patients treated at private hands as compared with State controlled
clinics, but it is fair to assume that the potential demand for treatment is far
above the actual demand. State officials conduct serologic tests on all draftees
appearing before local boards and also submit for examination specimens from
any active or suspected cases of gonorrhea. The Induction Board has made an
ideal center for such examinations and has offered an unusual opportunity for
ease-finding on a wide scale, especially for syphilis. When draftees are found
to be infected, they are reported to the local county organizations and are
followed up by the health department to insure proper medical supervision.

"Treatment facilities are in general better than the facilities for diagnosis in
the State controlled clinics. However, diagnostic facilities have greatly improved.
This is an inevitable consequence of lack of sufficient medical personnel to enable
thorough history taking and physical examination of each new admission.

"In the development of a program for syphilis control, a committee was
appointed by the Council of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty to draw up
and submit to the Director, State Department of Health recommendations for
procedure. The majority of these recommendations have been placed in effect.
The newer elements of the syphilis control program, as so far elaborated, include
the following:

(1) The establishment by the bureau of communicable diseases of the State
Department of Health of a more extensive service, dealing specifically with the
venereal diseases. A consultant to the State health department has been appointed
to advise in the direction of this work.

(2) The establishment of a consultation service for difficult diagnostic or
therapeutic problems. This step has been arranged for through the Johns
Hopkins Hospital syphilis clinic to which the county health officer may refer
a patient for expert advice; through the provision of peripatetic consultants who
may be called upon for visits to State clinics; and through consultation by mail
with the consultant to the State Health Department.


(3) The free distribution to medical practitioners by the State health depart-
ment of selected antisyphilitic drugs.

(4) An increase in the epidemiologic work leading to the examination
of contacts of patients with early syphilis. No centralized bureau for this purpose
has been set up, because of doubt as to the advisability of such a step. The
State health department has felt that it could function better in this respect
by stimulating county health officers and practicing physicians to conduct their
own contact investigations. Progress in this direction, although slow, has been
perceptible. Based on the recommendations of the Committee to Coordinate
Venereal Disease Activities among the Armed Forces and Civilian Population
in the Metropolitan Washington Area, there has been developed a proposed
cooperative epidemiologic program. The plan provides for reporting to all
venereal disease treatment centers public clinics, military and naval stations, and
physicians in private practice each new case of venereal disease together with
such identifying information on the contacts of the case as may be obtainable.
These reports will be submitted to the health' officer within whose jurisdiction
the treatment source is located.

(5) The establishment of provisions for the training of personnel to man
State operated or subsidized clinics. A new clinic, especially designed and
organized for this purpose, has been established at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
County and State health department officers are accepted for a minimum period
of 6 months of training, and are urged to remain for a full year. Since the
inauguration of this clinic in September 1936, 13 health officers have availed
themselves of this opportunity.

(6) A survey of existing facilities for the diagnosis and treatment of syphilis
has been made by the consultant and his staff.

(7) Pursuant to recommendations resulting therefrom, the following alterations
in facilities and practice have been made. Several new clinics have been estab-
lished for the treatment of patients who were not conveniently located to towns
in which clinics were heretofore operated. A form has been adopted for use in
all clinics which provides for physical examination of the patient and a complete
record of the treatments given. All deputy State health officers have been
advised that they are responsible for the venereal disease clinics, should keep in
touch with their operation and, as far as possible, should interview all new
patients, ascertain the contacts and source of infection, and assume complete
charge of the epidemiologic work in connection with the operation of the clinics.

(8) A beginning has been made toward an organized effort to encourage
routine Wassermann testing on all hospital admissions, and of all pregnant
women by obstetrical clinics, private practitioners, and midwives.

(9) An educational campaign for physicians has been conducted. This has
been done largely by word of mouth. At its inception the program was presented
in detail to each county medical society of the State by the consultant to the
State health department, or one of his associates. This was done primarily

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