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quency. Various local communities are likewise attempting to deal with the
problem of rehabilitation through their social agencies.

Progress in the entire program is being helped greatly by increasing public
awareness and recognition of the venereal disease problem, as indicated by the
growing number of inquiries directed to the health department and the numerous
requests from professional and lay groups for discussion of social hygiene subjects.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 259

Michigan was one of the earliest states to establish a voluntary social hygiene
society (about 1912), but at present there is no such active group. Michigan
workers keep in close touch with the national office, however, and A.S.H.A.
staff visits have been made during the past year by Dr. Clarke, Dr. Storey,
Mr. Gould, Mr. Stenek, and Miss McGrath to the cities of Detroit, Battle
Creek, Ann Arbor (University of Michigan) Jackson, Kalamazoo, Marshall,
Lansing and Ypsilanti.

MINNESOTA

Population Population rank among states 18

Urban 1,390,098 A.S.H.A. members in state 53

Eural 1,402,202

2,792,300

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Duluth: Euthenics Committee, Y.W.C.A.: Chairman, Mrs. John M. Glendenning,
1607 E. Superior Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, C. A. Zwiener, State Historical Bldg.,
St. Paul.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. S. E. Linsley,
1689 Charles Street, St. Paul; Social Hygiene Chairman, Paul J. Hanson,
Superintendent of Schools, Barnesville.

Minnesota Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. Irving M. Hudson, 712
12th Avenue, So. Benson.

Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Leon-
ard C. Cogswell, Route 1, Waysata.

Minnesota Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Kimball D. Andrews, c/o
Andrews Nursery Company, Faribault.

Minnesota Nurses Association: General Secretary, Caroline Eankiellour, 2642
University Avenue, St Paul; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health
Nursing, Mrs. Corinna J. Townsend, 2824 Girard Avenue, S. Minneapolis.

Minnesota Public Health Association: Executive Secretary, E. A. Meyerding,
M.D., 11 W. Summit Avenue, St. Paul.

Minnesota State Conference of Social Work: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Ruth
Stryker, Administration Bldg., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Minnesota State Medical Society: President, H. Z. Giffin, M.D., Rochester; Secre-
tary, B. B. Souster, M.D., Lowry Medical Arts Bldg., St. Paul.

Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, Vendome Hotel,
Room 213, Minneapolis. In charge, Mrs. Alice May Stuart; President, Mrs.
Ethel Bliss Baker, 2284 W. Lake of the Isles Blvd., Minneapolis.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region VIII: See Illinois.

Official Agencies

Minnesota Council of Defense: Chief of Staff, C. A. Zwiener, 130 State Capitol,

St. Paul.

Minnesota Division of Social Welfare: Director, Walter W. Finke, St. Paul.
Minnesota State Board of Health: Secretary and Executive Officer, A. J. Ches-

ley, M.D., St. Paul; Director, Division of Preventable Diseases, O. McDaniel,

M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:
Duluth, Minneapolis (4), Rochester, St. Paul (2), Savage.

Minnesota State Department of Education: Commissioner of Education, H. E.
Flynn, St. Paul; Supervisor of Health and Physical Education and Recreation,
Harold K. Jack; Supervisor of Indian Schools, Roy H. Larson, Bemidji.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



260 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

National Youth Administration, Region VIII: Eegional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, Leland Lessia, 44 East Sixth St., St. Paul.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region VIII: Supervisor, Mrs. H. Winifred Ferguson, Federal Office Bldg.,
Minneapolis.

U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: See Nebraska.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
Paul E. Miller; State Home Demonstration Leader, Julia O. Newton, Depart-
ment of Agriculture of the University of Minnesota, University Farm, St. PauL

U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers : Dr. Robert W. MeEwen, Carleton College, Northfield ;
Mary Ober, State Teachers College, Duluth; Curtis E. Avery, University of
Minnesota, Minneapolis.

U.S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VII, see Missouri; for Liaison
Officer, Seventh Army Corps Area, see Nebraska.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Mrs. Henet L, Kaufman, 1885 University Avenue, St. Paul.

State Board of Health, St. Paul. Minnesota has had a long and
thorough experience in the control and prevention of venereal diseases
since syphilis and gonorrhea were first made reportable in 1918. Free
laboratory service is made available and free drugs are distributed to
physicians; follow-up, epidemiological investigation and stimulation
of case reporting are part of the program; and education of the lay
public is carried on by means of lectures, films, exhibits and literature.
The Department cooperates with other official and voluntary agencies
interested in venereal disease control. (For a fuller report, see 1938
Year Book.)

The Department has cooperated with the University of Minnesota
in making an outstanding study of prevalence of syphilis among
college and university students, which was found to be less than 0.3
per cent.

Minnesota pioneered in the field of cooperation with military authorities, in
prevention of venereal disease and repression of prostitution by health and law
enforcement agencies during the maneuvers held there in the summer of 1940.
A conference called by Governor Stassen, and attended nearly 100 per cent by
the health and law enforcement authorities of the maneuver area, in addition
to representatives of the military, the U- S. Public Health Service and State
authorities (Health, Liquor Control, Attorney General, Criminal Apprehension,
Highway) prepared a careful program before the maneuvers. A survey made
by the American Social Hygiene Association was presented as background. The
results, although they could not be conclusive because of the subsequent demobili-
zation of the National Guard troops to civilian status, demonstrated what can
be done with careful advance planning to prevent the spread of infection.



A.S.H.A. visitors to Minneapolis and St. Paul in recent months have included
Dr. Storey and Miss Shenehon.

MISSISSIPPI

Population Population rank among states 23

Urban 432,882 A.S.H.A. members in state 32

Sural 1,750,914

2,183,796

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees
Jackson:

Mississippi Social Hygiene Association: Secretary, Bay E. Baird, Boom 225,
Lampton Bldg.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 261

Hinds County Social Hygiene Association: Secretary-Treasurer, Bay E. Baird,
Boom 225, Lampton Bldg.

Meridian: Lauderdale County Social Hygiene Association: Chairman, N. C.
Knight, M.D.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Bobert D. Morrow, Box 688, Jackson.

Civitan International: Lt. Governor, Alabama-Mississippi District, Dan T. Ket-
chum, Box 730, Jackson.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Mississippi Conference of Social Work: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Bobbie W.
Patterson, 1001 Poplar Blvd., Jackson.

Mississippi Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. C. C. Clark, Co-
lumbia ; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. W. H. Badliff, Sherard.

Mississippi Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. J.
D. Lord, State College.

Mississippi Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Tom Lyle Mitchell, 13th
Floor, Threef oot Bldg., Meridian.

Mississippi Nurses Association: Secretary, Buth Steen, Delta State Teachers
College, Cleveland; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section, Mrs. Nettie
Veazey Turner, Itta Bena.

Mississippi State Medical Association: President, H. Lowry Bush, M.D., Clarks-
dale; Secretary, T. M. Dye, M.D., Box 295, Clarksdale.

Mississippi Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Logan H. McLean,
Sanatorium.

Mississippi Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Miss Susie V.
Powell, 1119 N. State St., Jackson.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region VII: See Georgia.

Official Agencies

Mississippi State Department of Education: Superintendent of Education, J. 8.

Vandiver, Jackson; Agent of Negro Schools, Percy Easom.
Mississippi Civilian Defense Council: Director, Col. Fred C. Morgan, Fourth

floor, State Capitol, Jackson.
Mississippi State Board of Health: Executive Officer, F. J. Underwood, M.D.,

Jackson; Supervisor, Venereal Disease Control, D. V. Galloway, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abbeville, Aberdeen, Alligator, Amory, Anguilla, Arcola, Artesia, Ashland, Bald-
wyn, Bassfleld, Batesville, Bay Springs, Belmont, Belzoni, Benton, Bentonia,
Booneville, Brandon, Brookhaven, Brookville, Caledonia, Camden, Canton, Gary,
Catchings, Charleston, Clarksdale (2), Cleveland, Coldwater, Collins, Collinsville,
Columbia, Columbus, Como, Corinth, Crawford, Crenshaw, Cruger, Deeson, Dekalb,
Doddsville, Drew, Dubbs, Dublin, Dundee, Ebenezer, Edwards, Ellisville, Evans-
ville, Fitler, Flora, Four Mile, Friars Point, Georgetown, Glen Allen, Glendora,
Gloster, Grace, Greenville, Greenwood, Gunnison, Hattiesburg, Hazelhurst, Heidel-
burg, Hernando, Hollandale, Holly Bluff, Holly Springs, Hushpuckena, Indianola,
Inverness, Isola, Itta Bena, luka, Jackson, Jonestown, Lake Cormorant, Lauder-
dale, Laural, Leakesville, Leland, Liberty, Lombardy, Louise, Lucedale, Lula,
McComb, Macon, Madison, Magee, Magnolia, Marianna, Mayersville, Mendenhall,
Merigold, Midway, Mileston, Millard, Minter City, Money, Montieello, Moorhead,
Mt. Olive, Mt. Pleasant, Myrtle, Naatchez, Nettleton, New Albany, New Augusta,
New Hebron, Nitta Yuma, Olive Branch, Osyka, Oxford, Pace, Paulette, Picayune,
Pinola, Plantersville, Poplarville, Port Gibson, Prentiss, Quitman, Baleigh, Bipley,
Bobinsonville, Boiling Fork, Borne, Bosedale, Eoundaway, Buleville, Sardis,
Satartia, Scooba, Scott, Senatobia, Shannon, Shaw, Shelby, Shellmound, Sherard,
Shubuta, Shuqualak, Silver City, Skeene, Sumner, Sunflower, Taylor, Taylorsville,
Tehula, Thornton, Thyatira, Tunica, Tupelo, Vieksburg, Walls, Waynesboro,
Wesson, Wiggins, Yazoo City.

Mississippi State Department of Public Welfare: State Commissioner, W. P.
Bond, P. O. Box 1970, Jackson.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



262 JOURNAL, OF SOCIAL, HYGIENE

National Youth Administration, Region VII: See Georgia.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region VII: See Alabama.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
L. I. Jones; State Home Demonstration Leader, Ella May Creswell, Mississippi
State College, State College.

U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
J. W. Burch; State Home Demonstration Leader, Amy Kelly, College of Agri-
culture, University of Missouri, Columbia.

U. S. Navy, Eighth District: See Louisiana.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers: Kobert L. Jack, Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical
College, Alcorn; Edith Mclntosh, Millsaps College, Jackson; Major I. D.
Sessums, Mississippi State College, State College; Whitman Davis, University
of Mississippi, University.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District IV, see Louisiana; for Liaison
Officer, Fourth Army Corps Area, see Georgia. State Venereal Disease Control
Consultant, P. A. Surgeon Paul T. Erickson, State Board of Health, Jackson.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Ethel Payne, 18th Floor, Tower Bldg., Jackson.

Jackson: Mississippi Social Hygiene Association and Mississippi
State Board of Health. "During the past two years, the Associa-
tion has been moderately active. Public interest proved to be difficult
to keep alive without definite public education. Income and funds
available to the M.S.H.A. reached a low point which reduced activity
considerably. For a part of the time NYA office assistance was
obtainable, but recently such assistance was removed and the office
has been cared for altogether by voluntary efforts.

Since the government has built several army camps and air bases in Mississippi
the need for public education and social hygiene has become more important.
In the past year, the Mississippi State Board of Health has been a great blessing
to the state since it has been particularly strong and active in its efforts to meet
the needs and the challenge that became much more important and definite upon
the arrival of 50,000 to 75,000 soldiers and officers in the state.

Army camps and air base officers recently appealed to the various state officers,
beginning with the governor and including the State Health Department which
has been directed by Dr. Felix J. Underwood, State Health Officer for a number
of years, for help in their effort to hold down venereal disease infection in the
army and air corps enrollment. Dr. Underwood and his entire staff immediately
put forth every special effort to help. The State Health Department for many
years has been active in a definite campaign to reduce and eliminate venereal
disease infection. Their particular effort was toward establishing venereal disease
clinics in all of the 82 counties of the state which objective was recently accom-
plished. There are now in operation 130 venereal disease clinics, treatments are
now 20,000 weekly. The build-up in number of clinics has been steady and some-
what gradual, with the more densely populated counties receiving the most
attention.

The next great objective was to secure better legislation and it is good news
that we can add to this report that badly needed legislation was presented and
approved by the recent session of the Mississippi Legislature through the adop-
tion of four bills, three from the Senate and one from the House:

Senate Bill No. 220 provides for law enforcement and the prohibiting of
prostitution. It makes prostitution a misdemeanor, and provides for county offi-
cials and others, ways and means of using legal force to control and dominate
undesirable activities. This law will be one of the greatest helps to those who
are responsible for regulating and controlling undesirable conditions.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMABIES 263

The three other laws, provide for appropriations and other permits which will
make it possible for Health Department Officials and law enforcement officials
to give assistance to prostitutes who can be rehabilitated and brought back to
normal. The interest and efforts being made in this humane undertaking
is very complimentary to the state officials, Department of Health, directors
of institutions and others. The legislation also gives definite encouragement
to the voluntary social workers and leaders throughout the state. Progress and
results from their efforts are expected.

Mississippi has not yet adopted legislation providing for premarital or prenatal
examinations for syphilis. A bill requiring prenatal examinations was defeated
recently.

Meanwhile, the educational program goes forward so far as possible. News-
papers help when asked, the attitude of Radio Stations WJDX and WSLI is good
toward social hygiene talks, and colleges, womens clubs, parent-teacher groups
and churches are all interested (including colored groups) and will cooperate in
following reliable leadership. Interest is keen in education for marriage and
family life, and there is hope of organized leadership on a larger basis soon.
Progress, in spite of handicaps, is really quite noticeable."



Mississippi is one of the states which requested aid from the A.S.H.A. during
the past year in drafting new legislation (see above) and other aspects of the
program. Mr. Gould spent some time on the ground assisting with the legislative
efforts, and Miss McGrath visited Meridian, Hattiesburg, and Louisiana to discuss
industrial problems.

Sixth National Social Hygiene Day was celebrated by meetings at a number
of points, including Belzoni, Jackson and Indianola.

MISSOURI

Population Population rank among states 10

Urban 1,960,696 A.S.H.A. members in state 133

Eural 1,823,968

3,784,664

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Kansas City:

Kansas City Social Hygiene Society: Executive Secretary, Mrs. F. H. Beam,
1020 McGee Street.

The Social Improvement League: Secretary, Nat Spencer, 519 Ridge Bldg.
St. Louis:

Missouri Social Hygiene Council: Chairman, Rev. Alphonse Schwitalla, 1042
S. Grand Blvd.

St. Louis Committee on Social Hygiene Day: Honorary Chairman, Mayor Ber-
nard F. Dickmann; Chairman, Harriet S. Cory, M.D.

Missouri Social Hygiene Association: Executive Director, Harriet S. Cory,
M.D., 3713 Washington, Blvd.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Jerry F. Duggan, 3709 Broadway,

Kansas City.
Civitan International: Lt. Governor, Central District, J. C. Farrism, 315 N.

12th Blvd., St. Louis.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Missouri Association for Social Welfare: Executive Secretary. Helen A. Brown,

Brown Hall, Washington University, St. Louis.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



264 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Missouri Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. True Davis, 516

Corby Bldg., St. Joseph; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. Herman Engle. 1011

N. Main Avenue, Springfield.
Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. J.

Frederick Leslie, 1318 Benton Avenue, Springfield.
Missouri Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Robert L. Musser, 811 Cherry

Street, Columbia.
Missouri Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mary E. Stebbins, 1512 Wald-

heim Bldg., Kansas City; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section, A. Mary

Boss, 3408 Kenwood, Kansas City.

Missouri State Junior Chamber of Commerce, Public Health Committee: Chair-
man, William L. Weiss, 511 Locust Street, St. Louis.
Missouri State Medical Association: President, H. L. Kerr, M.D., Crane;

Secretary, E. H. Bartelsmeyer, M.D., 634 N. Grand, St. Louis.
Missouri State Teachers Association: State Superintendent of Public Schools,

Lloyd W. King, Jefferson City.
Missouri Tuberculosis Association, Inc.: Executive Secretary, Donald E. Pratt,

411 North 10th Street, St. Louis.
Missouri Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 300 McDaniel

Bldg., Springfield. In charge and President, Mrs. Nelle G. Burger.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Regions IX and XI: Executive, W. Noel Hudson,

Boom 818, 1102 Grand Avenue, Kansas City.

Official Agencies
Missouri State Board of Health: State Health Commissioner, James Stewart,

M.D.; Director, Venereal Disease Control, John W. Williams, M.D., Jefferson

City.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Aurora, Ava, Butler, Cameron, Canton, Cape Girardeau, Carthage, Caruthsville,
Cassville, Charleston, Clayton, Clinton, DeSoto, Dexter, Doniphan, East Prairie,
Eldon, Fayette, Fredericktown, Fulton, Hannibal, Harrisonville, Higginsville,
Houston, Independence, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City (9), Kennett, Koch,
Lebanon, Little Blue, Louisiana, Maiden, Marceline, Mexico, Moberly, Monette,
Mt. Level, Mt. Vernon, Neosho, New Madrid, Oseeola, Owensville, Palmyra,
Platte City, Pleasant Hill, Poplar Bluff, Portageville, Bichmond, Bolla, St.
Joseph, St. Louis (12), Salem, Sedalia, Sikeston, Springfield, Steelville, Thomp-
son's Bend, Trenton, Tuscumbia, Warrensburg, Warsaw, Washington, Waynes-
ville, Webb City, Wolf Island, Wyatt.
Missouri State Council of Defense: Administrator, Hugh Stephens, State Office

Bldg., Jefferson City.
Missouri State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Schools,

Lloyd W. King, Jefferson City; Supervisor of Education, Thelma Suggett;

Supervisor of Negro Education, R. L. Wiggins.
National Youth Administration, Region IX: See Kansas.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region IX: Supervisor, Paul D. Jones; Eepresentatives, Melba M. Foltz,

Charles L. Leopold, 1006 Grand Avenue, Kansas City.
State Industrial Commission: Chairman, Thomas N. Dysart, 511 Locust Street,

St. Louis.
State Social Security Commission of Missouri: Administrator, George I. Haworth,

Jefferson City.

U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: See Nebraska.
U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers, Bertha Ferguson, Kansas City Junior College;

Mary L. McAfee, Lincoln University, Jefferson City; Rev. Wilfred M. Mallon,

St. Louis University; Dr. W. O. Cralle, Southwest Missouri State Teachers

College, Springfield; Benjamin E. Powell, University of Missouri, Columbia.
U. S. Public Health Service: Director, District VII, Senior Surgeon C. C. Apple-
white; District Venereal Disease Control Consultant, P. A. Surgeon Leroy E.

Burney, Room 601, Businessmen's Assurance Company, 215 West Pershing

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 265

Road, Kansas City. For Liaison Officer, Seventh Army Corps Area, see
Nebraska. State Venereal Disease Control Consultants, P. A. Surgeon Edgar B.
Johnwick, State Health Dept., Jefferson City ; P. A. Surgeon Theodore J. Bauer,
City Health Dept., Kansas City; P. A. Surgeon Bolla B. Woleott, City Dept.,
of Health, St. Louis.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Lena B. Small, 417 Bolivar Street, Jefferson City.

Missouri State Board of Health, Jefferson City. A report says :

Medical and Public Health Measures: Facilities for finding and treating cases
of syphilis and gonorrhea are gradually being increased in several ways: New
clinics are being added and existing clinics are being renovated, made more
presentable and expanded to accommodate a larger case load. The need for
clinics exceeds what we can offer at present and our program is usually limited
by the lack of local and state funds. Public support of our program is excellent
except in a few isolated instances where medical groups and county courts feel
that the free services offered by the State invade the activities of private
practitioners. State and local pharmaceutical societies are cooperating in the
campaign against quackery and a recent letter from the American Pharmaceutical
Association indicates that further cooperation is expected.

The war effort has helped us to expand our case finding facilities in two
very important ways:

a. The Selective Service examinations have afforded us a rich source of pre-
viously unknown cases and in order to make certain that all cases discovered in
this fashion be eventually brought to treatment the Medical Director of the
Selective Service System has recently issued a memorandum to all clerks con-
cerning the reporting of all reportable diseases.

b. The Station Hospital and the Office of the Post Surgeon at a nearby camp
have been particularly helpful in submitting to this office all information obtained
concerning contacts from infected cases being treated at the Fort. This material
is submitted to this office and distributed to the proper case finding agencies.
During the month of January fifty per cent of all identified contacts were found.
Another useful service rendered by the Army consists of a summary of the
places where soldiers have had sexual intercourse. This data is collected by
the men operating the prophylactic stations and does not involve naming any
persons and serves as a method of discovering the location of prostitution
activities.

Health Education and Public Information: The press has been very cooperative
with this department in publishing material concerning prostitution and venereal
disease control. There have been a few instances where local authorities felt
that the State was transgressing on their rights by suggesting that repressive
efforts were not completely carried out. The Division of Public Health Education
of the State Board of Health distributes posters on venereal disease control to
interested parties. We have received several prints of the new Public Health
Service film Know for Sure, which we believe is going to be very useful in
teaching young men. We intend to make it available to such groups as military
organizations, colleges and schools, young men's clubs such as the Y.M.C.A., and



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