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the prisons and correctional institutions of the State. Another recent acquisition
is the film Syphilis which is being used at various medical meetings to promote
interest in the treatment of syphilis among the practitioners of the State. The
material in the film is supplemented by publications dealing with the treatment
and diagnosis of syphilis.

Legal and Protective Measures: Shortly following the receipt of letters from
the Secretaries of War and Navy Governor Forrest C. Donnell called a meeting
in his office for the purpose of outlining definite steps which would result in
more forceful application of present statutes, regulations and ordinances
directly or indirectly affecting prostitution. A modus operand! for enforcement
of such laws is being worked out at present and will be offered to the peace
officers of the State. There are no facilities for the rehabilitation of women



266 JOURNAL, or SOCIAL HYGIENE

and girls who have been engaged in prostitution which are under the control of
the State Board of Health. Today (April 15) we secured a 25-bed hospital in
Monett, Missouri, which will be used as an isolation unit in treating venereally
infected prostitutes.

National Defense and War Activities: There are many industrial plants
engaged in the production of war material in Missouri. Most of them are con-
centrated around St. Louis and Kansas City. The St. Louis Health Department
has been recently very active in the promulgation of a program for the pro-
motion of venereal disease control in industry."

The Kansas City Social Hygiene Society has just completed twenty
years of service. From the first the society has embraced the
American " four-fold " program, adopting as the years passed and
new needs appeared an elastic interpretation. Sections were cre-
ated with chairmen and co-chairmen who were also vice-presidents
and shared responsibilities with other officers, as members of the
Board or Executive Committee

The Church Cooperation Section maintains definite contact with the Council
of Churches, participating in the radio broadcasts and with the several hundred
individual pastors and churches. . . . The Youth Section stands for ready counsel
and direction, carries on short courses in Preparation for Marriage, premarital
consultations with professional medical assistance and has a library for moderns.
This section is committed to the principle that its function is to furnish
materials and leadership only at the request of individuals and groups wishing
to make use of it. ... The Public Health Section cooperates with the Venereal
Disease Division of the local Health Department and Medical Society, its
members serve in many capacities in the national defense program furnishes
instructors for classes in Health Education for volunteers in Civilian Defense
Service. Other classes to be conducted from this office include:

Training Course for Development of Leaders in Parenthood and the Character
Training of Children. . . . Youth Leadership in Social Hygiene. . . . Visual
Education (Training to be in operating Movie Projectors and slide machines and
to conduct Social Hygiene Exhibits). . . . The Negro Section is carrying a
strong educational health program, using For All Our Sdkes, Enemy of Youth,
Plain Facts, In Defense of the Nation, and health literature.

The Legal and Protective Section has been keenly alive and following through
in keeping Kansas City free from public solicitation bringing before legal bodies
facts concerning violation of laws and ordinances governing prostitution. The
Society's Executive Secretary is a member of the Kansas City Women Volunteers,
Inc., for National Defense which promoted, established and maintains the Service
Men's Club and Recreation Center at 15 Pershing Road.

The general situation as regards social hygiene in Kansas City is encouraging.
As indicated elsewhere, the Department of Health has been able to increase its
facilities greatly. ... A cooperative police department enables better prostitution
conditions and facilities for rehabilitation of women and girls formerly engaged
in prostitution include medical care and vocational training at the Women's
Reformatory, and through the Pardon and Parole Section of the Department of
Welfare's probation service. . . . Church, and family welfare groups cooperate
regularly in public education and special instruction regarding sex hygiene, and
training for human relations, including consultation services and case work,
institutes and much personal service. Newspapers, radio stations (KMBC,
WDAF, KCMO, and KITE) public library (including 15 sub-stations) and
the Society's Speaker's Bureau, are active in public information. All groups
are alert to the possibilities of improving child and maternal health through active
observance of the new prenatal examination law.

As of January, 1942, 60 Kansas City firms have government contracts ranging
from syrup to wire rope. Three large war industrial plants are nearby, and at



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 267

least one of them carries through the entire program of medical examination for
venereal disease, education, etc., in cooperation with the Industrial Health unit
of the Health Section of the City Defense Council. The USO Recreational
Centers, an Information Bureau of Union Station, and correlated activities of
church groups and community organizations, plus prompt action against organ-
ized vice, aid in keeping Kansas City safe for visiting service men.

The Society is a member of the Council of Social Agencies and participates in
the Community Fund.

Kansas City Health Department. In August, 1941, the Department
augmented its health program by the employment of a full-time
venereal disease control officer. Venereal Disease Control in the
City Health Department now includes the following activities:

1. Isolation of infectious patients. 2. Finding individuals infected with
venereal disease by the examination of personal contacts of infected patients
and by routine blood-test examinations. 3. Returning of delinquent patients to
treatment. 4. Cooperation with private physicians. 5. Treatment of infected
patients unable to pay for services of a private physician. 6. Education of the
lay public concerning the dangers of venereal diseases. 7. Cooperation with the
other agencies interested in this great problem.

The staff in addition to the Director, consists of one full-time physician, and
four part-time physicians, and five public health nurses who are especially trained
in the technique of interview and follow-up of venereal disease cases. These
individuals devote their entire time to the above activities.

The Department's nurses, with cooperation of Public School Nurses and Visit-
ing Nurses sponsored a Venereal Disease Institute for nurses in April, conducted
by Miss Donna Pearce, U.S.P.H.S., Public Health Nursing Consultant.

Kansas City: Social Improvement League. (For a Better Kansas
City.) "For the greater part of the 28 years of our League, we
have been with unfriendly police and county administrations. But
with the overthrow of machine politics and with the vigorous police
administrations of former Chief L. B. Reed and his worthy suc-
cessor, Chief Harold Anderson, Kansas City has undergone an
' inconceivable ' change. A recent follow-up survey indicates that
prostitution is quite 'inaccessible.' It is only after diligent
search that persons in search of prostitutes may encounter them."

Prostitution may not be eliminated, but it can be held in check. The control
of prostitution is an all time job. Vigilance is not only the price of liberty; it
is the price of a clean city.

We cooperate with the police by referring them to the unwholesome spots
located by the recent survey, as above stated. The police are putting the lid
on tighter. It is a pleasure to work with the police force we now have.

However, this follow-up survey pointed out opportunities for improvement.
It specifically located unwholesome places, some of which were patronized by
visiting soldiers. All of these reports have been gone over by Chief Anderson
and the vice squad with the secretary of the League. Of course, many of the
objectionable places noted in the survey were already known to the police and
were receiving their attention; but it must be realized that raids and arrests
unsupported by evidence make little impression in court and do not add to the
prestige of the police.

Occasional surveys by competent authority with reports to the cooperating
police are among the League's best methods of combating vice. They quite
well determine the efficiency of the means used for the suppression of vice. They



268 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

are helpful to the police in pointing out spots that need their attention; they
encourage the police to their best efforts. The Director of Welfare is also effec-
tively using the survey reports in suppressing improper dancing at improper places.

St. Louis : Missouri Social Hygiene Association. " 1941 was a year
of pressure, accomplishment and added responsibility for our Asso-
ciation. It began with an all-out effort to make a success of the
Regional Conference for National Social Social Hygiene Day, Feb-
ruary 5th a Conference of 13 states which presented to the public
at a morning, luncheon and afternoon session, Social Hygiene and
National Defense. Approximate attendance for the three meetings
was 1,100.

Attention was next focused upon steering the Baby Health Bill
through many vicissitudes in Jefferson City. The passage of this
Bill, upon which the Association had been working for two years,
was a great accomplishment for the health of the State, and the
educational campaign regarding prenatal syphilis and social
hygiene in general, preceding the meeting of the legislature, was
an outstanding example of state public health education.

Other recent legislation included: January 26, 1939, Venereal Disease Ordi-
nance passed by the St. Louis Board of Aldermen, giving the city an up-to-date
set-up for prevention and control. October 25, 1939, Amendments to the
Regulations for Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases, to tighten
up and make more effective state control of syphilis and gonorrhea.

Meantime the national defense program was getting under way and our Asso-
ciation was asked to assume the local social protection program under the Federal
Security Agency. Then the outbreak of war and more obligations came to us,
especially since St. Louis is in one of the largest defense areas of the State.
Because social protection has always been important in the general social hygiene
program, we were delegated to take leadership of this committee for the Office of
Civilian Defense under the Health and Welfare Committee of the Social Planning
Council of St. Louis and St. Louis County. Mrs. Ira L. Bretzfelder was made
Chairman, Dr. Cory, secretary, and Mrs. Damon Kerby was taken on for half-
time, at the expense of the Missouri Social Hygiene Association, as organizer for
the Committee. The Committee will work under four sub-committees as follows:
(1) Committee on Police Protection; (2) Conditions of Employment; (3) Deten-
tion and Social Treatment; (4) Public Interpretation. Considerable work in the
way of organization, investigation and publicity has already been done. This
offers an opportunity which will call for all of the ingenuity and constructive
thinking which the Association can muster. It is no less than the effort to make
the citizens of St. Louis and St. Louis County acutely conscious of social and
human values and to get them to assume a program about which they have
talked and planned to some extent, but have never pursued to successful accom-
plishment. Especially the practical value of protection and rehabilitation of
young women and girls must be made clear and pressing to all our citizens they
must know that it is a practical measure of defense, and has been so designated
by our Government.

On August 29th, 1941, a program of Venereal Disease Education for industry
workers in the St. Louis Defense Area was begun by sending a letter to the
executives of 700 industries. A radio program, with Dr. Rogers Deakin and
Mrs. M. C. Emanuel, Chairman of Organization for the program, followed. Since
then, management, personnel officers and heads of the labor organizations have
shown unusual interest and cooperation. Over 15,000 pamphlets, issued by the
U.S.P.H.S. and the A.S.H.A., have been purchased and delivered to companies
ordering them. Approximately 125 firms have been reached directly either by
conference or by telephone, and very few have definitely refused to cooperate.
Talks by members of the Speakers' Bureau have been held before at least 1,000



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 269

employees and U. S. Public Health Posters are being displayed in several large
factories.

During the year the M.S.H.A. and the St. Louis Council of Parents and
Teachers enlisted public opinion and support in favor of lectures on social hygiene
in the last two years of high school and a course on Principles of Social Hygiene
Education in both teacher training institutions. The Board of Education voted
10-2 in favor of this at its meeting on December 9th, 1941. It then reconsidered
because it wished further information and we are expecting at an early date to
present the subject at a meeting of the Board devoted to it alone, and hope for
favorable action.

National Social Hygiene Day in 1942 was observed as our annual meeting at
the First Unitarian Church. The following very successful panel discussion was
the main feature of the program:

The Importance of Social Hygiene in National Defense: Venereal Disease
Control Among Industrial Workers, Social Hygiene Instruction in the Public
Schools, Social Protection of Youth in the St. Louis Defense Area.

April 1, 1942, Dr. Cory was asked to attend a meeting in Governor Donnell's
office, composed of representatives of the St. Louis and Kansas City Police
Departments, the State Prosecuting Attorneys' Association, the State Peace
Officers' Association, the Missouri Social Hygiene Association, the League of
Municipalities, the Highway Patrol, the Health Commissioner and his staff, to
work out plans for state-wide law enforcement and venereal disease control.

These are high-lights of a year's effort, reflected from a community program
in which our public health department is doing excellent work in finding and
treating syphilis and gonorrhea, our newspapers are wholeheartedly cooperating
with many good editorials and news stories, and our radio stations, WIL, KXOK,
KMOX, KSD, may be counted on to help. Weekly, monthly, bi-monthly trade
journals, scientific publications, church bulletins, service clubs and women's club
leaflets and bulletins also publish social hygiene items. Our church and family
welfare groups, always interested, are developing much more active participation. ' '

St. Louis: Missouri Social Hygiene Council. This group, established
some years ago, exists for interchange of information among
Missouri social hygiene groups, conference as to matters requiring
policy decisions, and to foster the setting up of new community
groups.



Missouri is another stronghold for social hygiene which has consistently
maintained a progressive program and cooperative activities with the national
association through many years. The Midwest Eegional Conference held at
St. Louis on Fifth National Social Hygiene Day, as above described, was one of
the highlights of the year's work as seen from the national viewpoint. As this
is written, plans are on foot for a special community meeting to be held in
October in connection with the annual convention of the American Public
Health Association. Eecent A.S.H.A. visitors to Missouri have been Miss Pinney,
Miss Shenehon, Mr. Johnson.



270 JOURNAL, OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

MONTANA

Population Population rank among states 40

Urban 211,535 A.8,H.A. members in state 20

Rural 347,921

559,456

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees
None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Herbert Kibler, Box 1702, Helena.

Eiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Medical Association of Montana: President, William E. Long, M.D., Anaconda;
Secretary, Thomas F. Walker, M.D., Medical Arts Bldg., Great Falls.

Montana Conference of Social Work: President, Edwin G. Peterson, Montana
School for the Deaf and Blind, Great Falls; Executive Secretary, Adeline
Brandt, Parkdale, Great Falls.

Montana Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. R. H. Jesse, 610
University Avenue, Missoula.

Montana Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Hen-
rietta Crockett, Tuberculosis Association, Capitol Bldg., Helena.

Montana Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, George Graham, 2824 4th
Avenue North, Great Falls.

Montana Nurses Association: Secretary, Sister M. Germaine, Sacred Heart Hos-
pital, Havre; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health Nursing, Vir-
ginia Geigerm, Fergus County Department of Public Welfare, Lewistown.

Montana Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Henrietta Crockett,
State Capitol, Helena.

Montana Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Emory B.
Pease, Glasgow.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region XI: See Missouri

Official Agencies

Montana State Board of Health: Health Officer, W. F. Cogswell, M.D., Helena;
Director, Division of Epidemiology, B. K. Kilbourne.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:
Bozeman, Great Falls.

In addition to clinics listed, the addresses of physicians giving treatments for
venereal diseases under the state plan may be obtained from state, county and
municipal officers.

Montana Preparedness and Advisory Commission: Coordinator, Tom D. Cal-

verly, Helena.
Montana State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruction,

Elizabeth Ireland, Helena.
Montana State Department of Public Welfare: Administrator, I. M. Branjord,

Helena.

National Youth Administration, Region XI: See Colorado.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region XI: See Colorado.
U. S. Army, Ninth Corps Area: See Utah.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

J. C. Taylor; State Home Demonstration Leader, Frances Smith, Montana

State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Bozeman.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAKEBS 271

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VIII, see Colorado; For

Liaison Officer, Ninth Army Corps Area, see Utah.
U. S. Navy, Thirteenth District: See Washington.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Center: Kathleen Campbell, Montana State University,

Missoula.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Mrs. Mabel Laraway, Butte.

State Board of Health, Helena. The venereal disease program in
Montana consists largely of educational work and the supplying
of necessary drugs to private physicians for treatment. Approxi-
mately one-half of the practicing physicians in the state have
requested drugs for treatment during the year 1941. The Board
of Health has also cooperated with the military authorities in the
war emergency, particularly in the Selective Service examinations.



NEBRASKA

Population Population rank among states 32

Urban 514,148 A.S.H.A. members in state 26

Eural 801,686



1,315,834

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

None.
Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, K. C. Patterson, State Capitol, Lincoln.

Kiwanis International: 9 "

Lions International:*

Nebraska Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Mark Pierce, 1211

Garfield Street, Lincoln; Social Hygiene Chairman, William H. Thompson,

M.D., University of Omaha, Omaha.
Nebraska Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. E. S. Wegner, 2416 Sewell

Street, Lincoln.
Nebraska Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman, Public Welfare, Mrs. 8.

W. Phillips, David City.
Nebraska Junior Chamber of Commerce: State President, Tage W. Topp,

Hastings.

Nebraska Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Halcie M. Boyer, 626 Elec-
tric Bldg., Omaha.
Nebraska State Medical Association: President, Dexter D. King, M.D., York;

Secretary, B. B. Adams, M.D., 416 Federal Securities Bldg., Lincoln.
Nebraska State Teachers Association: Executive Secretary, Archer L. Burnham,

605 South 14th Street, Lincoln.
Nebraska Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Henrietta Crockett,

State Capitol, Helena.
Nebraska Welfare Association: Executive Secretary, Fred C. Williams, Boom 3,

Chamber of Commerce Annex, Lincoln.
Nebraska Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1615 F Street,

Lincoln. In charge, Mrs. Lela Dyer; President, Mrs. Mary Lee Seibert, 1336

E Street, Lincoln.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



272 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL, HYGIENE

Rotary International:*

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Region

VIII: See Minnesota.
United Service Organizations, Region VIII: See Illinois.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region VIII: See Minnesota.

Nebraska Advisory Defense Committee: Coordinator, Walter F. Roberts, State

House, Lincoln.

Nebraska State Board of Control: Chairman, 0. W. Eubank, Lincoln.
Nebraska State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Schools,

Charles W. Taylor, Lincoln; Acting Director, Physical Education, W. A.

Eosene.
Nebraska State Department of Health: State Director of Health, Philip H.

Bartholomew, M.D., Lincoln; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control,

James P. Sharon, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians of:
Lincoln, Omaha (4).

U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: Headquarters, New Federal Bldg., 15th

and Dodge Streets, Omaha. Venereal Disease Control Officer, Major James

H. Gordon, MC.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

W. H. Brokaw; State Home Demonstration Leader, Mary-Ellen Brown, College

of Agriculture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.
TJ. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Center: S. A. McCarthy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
U. S. Public Health Service: Liaison Officer, Seventh Army Corps Area; Medical

Director Harry J. Warner, New Federal Bidg., 15th and Dodge Streets, Omaha.

For Director, District VII, see Missouri.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Programs,

Mrs. Pearl Gimple, 900 North 16th Street, Lincoln.

Nebraska State Health Department, Lincoln. The venereal disease
films owned by the Department of Health have been used widely
hi the state for adult groups and for high school groups. A large
exhibit of venereal disease material was included in Fair Exhibits ;
130,000 saw these exhibits; 13,000 later saw the films from Octo-
ber, 1941, to January, 1942. The Director of the Division of
Venereal Disease has given lectures to teacher groups and to medical
and nurses' groups. Free distribution of literature on every phase
of venereal disease was unusually effective. Over 20,000 copies of
free literature were given out during the year.

The Nebraska Health Almanac, presenting health topics in popular style, and
containing a section on venereal diseases, was widely used. Local radio stations
and newspapers cooperate in the campaign against venereal diseases. The Direc-
tor of Public Health Education and her assistant lecture in the schools regarding
training for marriage and parenthood.

A statewide educational program on venereal disease is being organized. The
Division of Public Health Education is already doing considerable work with
community groups, schools, medical groups and the general public in putting on
radio programs, lectures and motion pictures, exhibits at county fairs and in
display windows, magazine articles and distribution of literature.

During 1941 a complete revision of the methods of recording, evaluating and
epidemiological follow-up of reported cases of venereal disease was made.
Records are now kept in such a manner that all information given on the report

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 273

forms is readily available and epidemiological follow-up methods were instituted
which are quite successful. A system of cooperation with the Selective Service
Boards and the military personnel was perfected. All selectees rejected because



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 35 of 71)