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agencies. This includes use of films, radio, exhibits, conferences,
Social Hygiene Day observance, and study groups.


Hew York City: Social Hygiene Committee New York Tuberculosis
and Health Association. During the year 1941 the Committee car-
ried on an educational program which reached the general public,
college students, policemen and policewomen, teachers, group work-
ers, graduate university students, camp counselors and directors,
nurses, social workers, physicians and other professional persons :

The program directed towards the general public involved conferences and
addresses, radio talks and distribution of literature. More technical procedures
were followed with the other groups;

For college students, at the request of deans and faculty members, lectures were
given and discussion groups led on fundamentals of social hygiene not covered in
the regular college curricula;

For policemen and policewomen, courses were arranged on social hygiene prob-
lems of special import to them;

For teachers, courses on social hygiene principles insofar as public school and
high school students are concerned were stressed;

For group workers, social hygiene fundamentals and behavior problems as
affecting young people in settlements and community centers were dwelt upon;

For graduate students, discussions centered about problems of social hygiene
among industrial workers with whom these particular graduate students were
working ;

Camp counselors and directors had brought to their attention, in various sum-
mer camps where they were serving, fundamentals of the social hygiene move-
ment, conduct and biological problems of the children under their care, need for
proper social orientation and adjustment by the counselors themselves, and methods
of dealing with conduct disorders which might have a sex basis.

Outstanding undertaking was the all-day Annual Social Hygiene
Conference, at the Hotel Astor on February 5th, including nine ses-
sions, with 60 speakers and discussants, and a total attendance of
several thousand professional persons. Eighty-eight leading public
and voluntary health and welfare organizations joined in sponsorship
and many participated by setting up exhibits relating to social hygiene
and allied activities.

Emphasis on activities of social workers was especially placed upon
medical social workers in syphilis clinics. This group organized by
the Social Hygiene Committee in 1940, includes all social workers in
such clinics. Meetings were held for the discussion of professional
standards, and members of the Social Hygiene Committee participated
in the discussions. Subjects already dealt with include Responsibili-
ties of Medical Social Workers in the Syphilis Clinic, The First Inter-
view, and Case-Finding and Case-Holding.

Nurses in syphilis clinics are another group with whom the Com-
mittee has carried on close cooperation. They have been organized
into an Association of Nurses in Syphilis Clinics, cooperate with the
medical social workers in such clinics in discussing common problems
and developing standards of service. Reports already prepared
include those on The Physical Set-Up of a Syphilis Clinic, Responsi-


bUities of the Syphilis Clinic Nurse, and Standard Qualifications of
the Syphilis Clinic Nurse.

The Association of Syphilis Clinics is composed of 90 leading syph-
ilologists in the City who meet periodically under the aegis of the
Social Hygiene Committee for the purpose of evolving medical stan-
dards in syphilis clinics. Considerable work has already been done
and definite results are evident in many of the clinics. Two well
trained syphilologists are on part-time service with the Committee,
visiting syphilis clinics throughout the City, conferring with clinic
chiefs and administrators, and helping to build up definite standards
in all phases relating to the treatment of syphilis patients.

An important aspect of work carried on during the year involved
visiting the more important serological laboratories in the City. For
this purpose the Committee had the part-time services of a professor
in one of the medical schools. His findings were reported to the
Social Hygiene Committee and to the Association of Syphilis Clinics.
It is expected that out of this service will result greater accuracy in
the laboratory diagnosis of syphilis.

Publications by members of the staff appeared in the Journal of
Social Hygiene and in the American Journal of Nursing.

National Defense: The part-time services of the Secretary have
been made available for collaboration with the American Social
Hygiene Association in the study of social hygiene problems in defense
industries and in communities in which such industries were located.

New York City Department of Health, Bureau of Social Hygiene.
A recent report says:

Treatment and diagnostic services for venereal disease totalled 17 in 1941
compared with 12 in 1937; diagnostic services only 4 in 1941 and 7 in 1937;
141 clinic sessions per week in 1941 compared with 130 in 1937. Treatment
service is maintained for those unable to pay for treatment. Those able to pay
are referred to private physicians or non-health department clinics. In 1941,
586 patients were referred to private physicians. Laboratory examinations per-
formed during 1941 for patients of private physicians totalled: 10,474 serologic
tests, 765 darknelds, 401 smears for gonorrhea, 235 spinal taps and 84 Frei tests.
Number of physicians receiving anti-luetic drugs continued to increase in 1941.
A total of 2,974 physicians received 13,108 allotments of drugs for the treatment
of 9,720 patients.

Every registrant examined by the local selective service board was given a
serologic test for syphilis. During 1941, 235,681 blood specimens were examined.
From the inception of selective service in November, 1940 through February 28,
1942, a total of 305,574 specimens were examined for 293,379 individuals. Of
these, 5,758 individuals were positive, or 2.0 per cent.

A serologic test for syphilis is required of all applicants for marriage. The
number of tests performed in 1941 by health department and private laboratories
was greater than in any previous year, a total of 187,688 with a percent positive
of about 1.3. A serologic test for syphilis is required for all pregnant women.
Information regarding the test is reported on the birth certificate. Transcripts
of all birth records indicating a positive serologie test or bearing no informa-
tion concerning such test are assigned for follow-up by the Bureau of Social
Hygiene. In 1941, a total of 4,380 such births were investigated; 801 because
of positive prenatal serology and 3,579 because no serology was reported.


Case finding and follow-up activities are carried on by four full-time epidemiolo-
gists and two male investigators and a staff of field nurses. Activities of the
staff in 1941 included investigation of 679 births in which either positive or no
serology was reported, follow-up of 354 selective service registrants, investigation
of 201 newly reported communicable cases for sources and contact, and 107
miscellaneous investigations. During 1941, 3,951 physicians were contacted
regarding venereal disease patients. Of these, 1,956 were in regard to case
reporting, 1,301 for consultation and education, 156 to obtain sources of infection
and contacts, 183 for permission to follow-up, 131 for correction of reported
diagnosis and 224 for other reasons. In the course of these activities the medical
epidemiologists and male investigators made 2,721 visits to patients' homes,
1,205 visits to physicians and 870 visits in behalf of patients. They inter-
viewed 210 patients in clinics, made 3,636 telephone calls, and sent 1,855 letters.

Selective service registrants with positive blood reports or positive smears are
referred by their local or preinduction board to a health department clinic for

Local and city-wide pharmaceutical societies have cooperated fully with the
Bureau of Social Hygiene in the distribution of pamphlets on syphilis and
gonorrhea; in the display of posters, counter cards and window exhibits.

The metropolitan press has been cooperative in the publication of press releases
from the Bureau of Social Hygiene, regarding its activities in the current
intensive education effort. Medical publications have been liberal in their allot-
ment of space to news of the Bureau's activities, of interest to the medical
profession. Radio broadcasts on various social hygiene topics are given regularly
over many of New York City's stations: WNYC, WBNX, WWEL, WARD,
WLTH. The Bureau, wherever feasible, works through existing agencies and
organizations ; motion pictures, lecturers and pamphlets are supplied organizations
requesting them. All local draft boards in New York City area distribute
informative literature and display posters. Six hundred and forty-two lectures
were arranged during 1941, reaching 45,780 people. Literature distributed
totalled 1,091,900 ; also 344,636 stickers. Two different stickers are available
for packages, letterheads, envelopes, circulars, etc. One carries the message
"See your doctor, Be examined, Have a blood test." The other, of particular
usefulness in the wartime venereal disease program, simply says "Be Fit."
These stamps are in regular use by civilian defense agencies, unions and other
organized groups, physicians and laboratories. Barber shops have been enlisted
in the educational program. A special table display for these shops was designed
by the Bureau and set up in hundreds of stores throughout the city, along with
a supply of pamphlets. The Barbers' Association cooperated fully in this
effort. A car card has been designed and is awaiting approval of the city

There are, of course, many industrial plants engaged in the production of war
materials in the New York area. The Bureau has directed its effort towards
educating the workers in defense industries, through plant film showings and
lectures and through labor unions. Pamphlets are widely distributed. Close
relations are maintained with the military and naval establishments in Greater
New York. Intensive educational work is carried on with all branches of
the armed forces. Films have been presented, pamphlets distributed, lectures
given, posters displayed at all nearby locations including units of the New York
State Guard, various armories, Brooklyn Naval Hospital; to all the men of
the 372nd Infantry now stationed in various headquarters in the city; to men
on board warships temporarily anchored in New York.

Onondaga Health Association, Social Hygiene Committee, Syra-
cuse. The year's work was focussed in the Social Hygiene Day
luncheon on February 5, 1942. Keep America Strong through the
Prevention of Venereal Disease was the timely subject of a talk by
Dr. Jacob A. Goldberg, secretary of the Social Hygiene Committee
of New York City. Sponsors of the meeting included the Council of


Social Agencies Health Division, the Defense Council of Syracuse
and Onondaga County, the local medical societies, and the state and
local health departments.

Ontario County: Social Hygiene Committee, Ontario County Com-
mittee on Tuberculosis and Public Health, Geneva. As in other
New York State communities, efforts are concentrated on health
education in which newspapers and other publications assist, also
radio stations WMBO and WHAM. Movies, lectures, literature and
pamphlets are regularly used. A special project is being carried
on through recreation and training especially for underprivileged
boys' groups. The public health facilities are excellent and ade-
quately supported, with a resulting low venereal disease rate.

Orange County Health Association, Middletown. During the year
the Association has conducted an active program of social hygiene
education and cooperation with official and non-official agencies in
the county. The executive secretary, Miss Helen E. Watkins, has
joined the staff of the State Committee on Tuberculosis and Public
Health as Field Adviser, and has been succeeded by Miss Grace Cole.

Queens County: Queensboro Tuberculosis and Health Association.

Social hygiene educational program has been sponsored through
talks and moving picture exhibitions to professional and non-pro-
fessional groups including the clergy, church and young people's
associations and women's organizations, medical and dental socie-
ties, fraternal orders and government housing projects. Teaching
exhibits, literature distribution, advertising, newspaper publicity,
radio programs, panel discussions, health forums and study clubs
were other media used.

The Committee's activities constitute the first organized attempt
by a voluntary health agency of Queens to highlight the social
disease problem. The field is deemed to have future possibilities
on a wide scale, and work will continue in extended form, with
special attention to war influences. During the coming year, the
program will give special emphasis to work with adolescents.

The year's program included a series of lectures on sex education
by Dr. Valeria H. Parker for physicians, a three-day social hygiene
meeting at the Corona Health Center, and other special programs.

Rensselaer County Tuberculosis and Public Health Association,
Troy. One unique feature of the Social Hygiene Day observance
has been the joint sponsorship by the service clubs (Rotary, Kiwanis,
and Lions). Each year for the past five years one of these organiza-
tions has opened one of their February meetings to guests.

Outstanding speakers on social hygiene have been provided by
the Social Hygiene Committee of the Rensselaer County Tuberculosis
and Public Health Association. This cooperation insures a basic
audience of representative citizens in all types of business and


The Social Hygiene Committee has provided speakers, motion
pictures and literature for club and other groups throughout the
county each year.

One group of young people reached with an educational program
has been the N.Y.A. The program has included, through a coopera-
tive arrangement with the City Syphilologist, having each youth
Wassermann-tested. Happily in the four or five years, this program
has been conducted no positive Wassermann has been found.

Saratoga County: Social Hygiene Committee, Saratoga County
Tuberculosis and Public Health Association, Saratoga Springs.
Social hygiene films have been shown to 13 groups comprising more
than 1,800 persons, during the past year; 300 persons attended
public meetings addressed by various speakers. Youth groups for
whom educational materials have been provided are : NYA, YWCA,
schools, and scouts. The newspapers and radio stations WGN and
WTRY may be counted on to help. There are no army or navy
establishments, nor any war or other industries plants. Public
health facilities for caring for venereal disease are adequate, and
the pharmaceutical associations are active in the campaign against

Schuyler County Tuberculosis and Health Association, Watkins
Glen. A new portable talking picture projector has been pur-
chased which will facilitate the showing of social hygiene films in
this very small rural county. Social hygiene materials of the
A.S.H.A. are distributed to schools and to public groups in the

Sullivan County Health Association, Monticello. " Social hygiene
information is correlated with our program for the eradication of
tuberculosis. Educational materials of the Federal Government,
State Health Department, and A.S.H.A. are widely distributed.
Social Hygiene Day is observed."

Tioga County Tuberculosis and Public Health Committee, Owego.
A new executive secretary, Mrs. Lois S. Goodwin, widely experienced
in the field of Home Bureau organization and cooperation, has been
employed to succeed Miss Ruth Williams, who is now executive
secretary of the Herkimer County Association. Mrs. Goodwin is
well qualified to continue social hygiene educational activities.

Ulster County Tuberculosis and Health Association, Social Hygiene
Committee, Kingston. A special effort by the Association during
the month of February helped organizations plan programs, secure
speakers, get pamphlets and books for Social Hygiene Day observ-
ances. In March, the Social Hygiene Committee held a round table
discussion with Professor Mark Entorf on Family Relations, with
representatives invited from parents, teachers, youth groups, other
groups and the general public.


Westchester Tuberculosis and Public Health Association, White
Plains. Social hygiene activities are carried on along with general
health education activities by the Health Education Committee.
Films are used, and most of the latest social hygiene films are avail-
able from the Association collection.

Wyoming County Committee on Tuberculosis and Public Health,
Warsaw. " We have joined forces with a similar committee in adja-
cent Genesee County to promote control of tuberculosis and venereal
diseases. A portable talking picture projector is available for all
types of meetings in this county and materials of the A.S.H.A. are
widely distributed."

Yonkers Tuberculosis and Health Association. Several thousand
copies of social hygiene literature were distributed and other mate-
rials were supplied to larger industries for their employees. The
health library also arranged distribution of literature, posters, etc..
to many other groups and individuals. Motion pictures were part
of the educational program. No special social hygiene meetings
were held, since health and welfare leaders joined in the Regional
Conference on Social Hygiene in New York City. Mrs. Marie F.
Kirwan, Executive Secretary, who is also State Welfare and Health
Chairman of the State Federation of Women's Clubs, arranged talks
on social hygiene and what the clubs could do to help before the
State Federation annual meeting, and mid-winder board meeting.

Since A.S.H.A. national headquarters are in New York City, naturally the
staff and officers are active in local efforts as well in the state-wide program.
Frequent conference and constant cooperation through the past decade with the
staff of the State Tuberculosis and Health Committee, State Department of
Health, and the New York City, Brooklyn and Queensboro Tuberculosis and
Health Association and the New York City Department of Health, have built up a
strong and extensive network of community work both in the metropolitan
area and throughout the state. Since the war emergency began this conference
plan has been extended to include frequent council between Army, Navy, Public
Health Service and Social Protection Section representatives stationed in New
York, and local police and law-enforcement authorities so that interchange of
views and information may advance a concerted program in every way possible.
Dr. Clarke is serving as a member of the New York City Welfare Council
Committee to study city-wide prostitution conditions, on which a special report
was recently issued with recommendations for considerable change in law-
enforcement methods.

The A.S.H.A. is one of the 114 sponsoring agencies for the annual New
York Regional Conference described above, and Dr. Snow serves as the chairman
for the committee in charge of this event.

The brief statements included in this summary necessarily give a restricted
account of activities in Upstate New York. For instance, in Rochester, which
is not represented here by any special report, some of the most outstanding
educational work of the past year has been done, by the Monroe County Tubercu-
losis and Health Association. Included was a campaign for education regarding
gonorrhea and several institute meetings for instruction of health and social
workers, as well as a successful Social Hygiene Day meeting. Dr. Storey has
been a several-times visitor to Rochester and other Upstate cities, and Mr.
Gould, Mr. Stenek, Miss Pinney and others of the staff have also visited Albany,
Troy and other points.

Vol. 28 June, 1942 No. 6



Social Hygiene

Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.
The Program in Action in the States and Communities. Part III.


State and Community Summaries: (continued)

North Carolina 301

North Dakota 304

Ohio 305

Oklahoma 313

Oregon 316

Pennsylvania 319

Rhode Island 327

South Carolina 329

South Dakota 332

Tennessee 334

Texas 336

Utah 339

Vermont 341

Virginia 343

Washington 347

West Virginia 352

-Wisconsin 355

Wyoming 358

U. S. Possessions 360

Seventh National Social Hygiene Day
February 3, 1943

The American Social Hygiene Association presents the articles printed in the
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE upon the authority of their writers. It does not
necessarily endorse or assume responsibility for opinions expressed or statements
made. The reviewing of a book in the JOURNAL or SOCIAL HYGIENE does not
imply its recommendation by the Association.


C.-E. A. WINSLOW, Chairman





The JOURNAL or SOCIAL HYGIENE is supplied to active members of the American
Social Hygiene Association, Inc. Membership dues are two dollars a year. The
magazine will be sent to persons not members of the Association at three dollars
a year ; single copies are sold at thirty- five cents each. Postage outside the United
States and its possessions, 50 cents a year.

Entered as second-class matter at post-office at Albany, N. Y., March 23, 1922.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103,
Act of October 3, 1917, authorized March 23, 1922.

Published monthly (nine issues a year) for the Association by the Boyd Printing
Company, Inc., 372-374 Broadway, Albany, N. Y.

Copyright, 1942, by The American Social Hygiene Association, Inc.
Title Registered, U. 8. Patent Office.

AT 372-374 BROADWAY, ALBANY, If. Y., rOB




CENTRAL STATES DIVISION: 9 East Huron Street, Chicago, 111.
BERTHA M. SHAFER, M.D., Field Consultant

WESTERN STATES DIVISION: 45 Second Street, San Francisco, Cal.
W. FORD HIGBY, Field Consultant

WASHINGTON, D. C., LIAISON OFFICE: 927 15th Street, N.W., Room 609

Miss JEAN B. PINNEY, Associate Director in Charge

MRS. GERTRUDE R. LUCE, Office Secretary


of '

Social Hygiene

VOL. 28 JUNE, 1942 NO. 6

Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.

The Program in Action in the States and Communities.

Part III.

(For Parts I and II see April and May issues.)


Population Population rank among states 11

Urban 974,175 A.S.H.A. members in state 47

Rural 2,597,448


Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Charlotte: Social Hygiene Committee, Council of Social Agencies, Chairman,

Miss Dorothea Dolan, 121 E. Third Street.
Snow Hill: Einston Social Hygiene Committee: Secretary, Mrs. Selma S. Jones.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, J. M. Caldwell, Box 2478, Baleigh.
Civitan International: District Governor, Carolinas District, A. K. Wilson,

Depositors Bank Bldg., Durham.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Medical Society of the State of North Carolina: President, Donald B. Cobb, M.D.,

Goldsboro; Secretary, Eoscoe D. McMillan, M.D., P. O. Box 232, Bed Spring.
North Carolina Conference for Social Service: Secretary, James T. Barnes,

109-110 Health Bldg., Ealeigh.
North Carolina Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. J. S. Blair,

Elizabethtown ; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. Mark McAdams, Elkin.
North Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs.

C. W. Beasley, Colerain.
North Carolina Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Marie B. Noell,

415 Commercial Bldg., Baleigh; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section,

Idell Buchan, Northampton County Health Dept., Jackson.
North Carolina Tuberculosis Association: Managing Director, Frank W. Web-
ster, 406 Nissen Bldg., Winston-Salem.
North Carolina Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Basil Whitener, Box

447, Gastonia.
North Carolina Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. L. E.

Brown, Box 116, Waxhaw.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region IV: See Virginia.

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