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Journal of social hygiene (Volume 28) online

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* See page 239 for national headquarters.

301



302 JOUB1TAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Official Agencies

Department of Conservation and Development: Industrial Engineer, J. T. An-
derson, Raleigh.

National Youth Administration, Region IV: See West Virginia.

North Carolina State Board of Charities and Public Welfare: Commissioner,
Mrs. W. T. Bost, Raleigh.

North Carolina State Council for National Defense: Director, Ben E. Douglas,
Faircloth Hall, East Edenton St., P. O. Box 97, Raleigh.

North Carolina State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public In-
struction, Clyde A. Erwin, Raleigh; Adviser, Health and Physical Education,
Thomas I. Hines; Director, Division of Negro Education, N. C. Newbold.

North Carolina State Board of Health: State Health Officer, Carl V. Reynolds,
M.D., Raleigh; Director, Venereal Disease Control, Ralph J. Sykes, MJ).

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Acme, Addor, Ahoskie, Albemarle, Andrews, Apex, Arden, Asheboro, Asheville
(2), Atkinson, Aventon, Ayden Bachelor, Badin, Bailey, Battleboro, Beaufort,
Belhaven, Belmont, Benson, Bessemer City, Bethel (2), Beulaville, Black
Mountain, Bladenboro, Boone, Boonville, Brevard, Bridgeton, Bryson City,
Burgaw, Burlington, Burnsville, Cairo, Calypso, Cameron, Candller, Canton,
Carthage, Cason's Old Field, Cedar Hills, Chadbourn, Chapel Hill, Charlotte (3),
Cherokee, Cherryville, China Grove, Chinquapin, Clarkton, Clayton, Cleveland,
Cliffside, Clinton, Colerain, Columbia, Columbus, Como, Concord, Cooleemee, Cove
City, Cox-Bennett, Creedmoor, Creswell, Cross Roads, Currituck, Davidson,
Deep Creek, Dobson, Dover, Dunn, Durham (5), Edenton (2), Elizabeth City,
Elizabethtown, Elkin, Ellerbe, Elm City, Elm Grove, Enfield, Englehard, Fair-
mont, Faison, Falling Creek, Farmville, Fayetteville, Forest City, Fort Barnwell,
Franklin, Fremont, Fuquay Springs, Garland, Garris Grove, Gaston, Gastonia,
Gatesville, Goldsboro (4), Cowers, Graham, Graingers, Grandy, Granite Falls,
Green Hill, Greensboro, Greenville, Halifax, Hamlet, Hanes, Harrellsville, Have-
lock (3), Hayesville, Henderson (2), Hickory, High Point, Hillsboro, Hoffman,
Hookerton, Hope Mills, Home School, Hoskins, Hugo, Huntersville, Institute,
Jackson (2), Jacksonville, Jamesville, Jefferson, Kannapolis,, Kelford, Kenans-
ville (2), Kenly, Kernersville, Kerr, King, Kings Mountain, Kinston (5),
Kittrell, LaGrange, Laurinburg, Lawndale, Leaksville, Leggett, Lenoir, Lexing-
ton, Liberty, Lilesville, Lillington, Lincolnton, Littleton, Long Pine, Louisburg,
Lumberton, McFarland, Maiden, Manteo, Marshville, Matthews, Maxton, Mayo-
dan, Mebane, Middlesex, Mint Hill, Mocksville, Monroe, Morganton, Moven,
Mt. Airy, Mount Holly, Mount Olive, Mount Pleasant, Murfreesboro, Murphy,
Nashville, New Bern (3), Newland, Newton, North Harlow (2), North Wades-
boro, Norwood, Oxford, Pee Dee, Pembroke, Pendleton, Pilot Mountain, Pine-
hurst, Pinetops, Pineville, Pineywood School, Pink Hill, Pittsboro, Plymouth,
Polkton, Poplar Hill C. H., Raleigh (2), Ramseur, Red Hill School, Red Springs,
Reidsville, Rhems, Richlands, Rich Square, Roanoke Rapids, Robbinsville, Rober-
sonville, Roekingham, Rocky Ford C. H., Rocky Mount, Roseboro, Rosehill,
Rowland, Roxboro, Rural Hall, Rutherford College, Rutherfordton, St. Pauls,
Salisbury (2), Sanford, Saxapahaw, Scotland Neck, Seabord, Sharpsburg, Shelby,
Siler City, Smithfield (2), Snow Hill, Southport, Sparta, Speed, Spring Hope,
Stanley, Stantonsburg, Statesville, Stedman, Stovall, Sunbury, Swan Quarter,
Sylva, Tabor City, Tarboro, Thomasville, Traphill, Troy, Tryon, Vanceboro,
Wadesboro (2), Wake Forest, Wallace, Walnut Cove, Walstonburg, Warsaw,
Washington, Waxhaw, Waynesville, Weaverville, Weldon, Wendell, West Southern
Pines, Whitakers (2), White Store, Whiteville, Wilkesboro, Williamston, Wil-
mington, Wilson, Windsor, Winston-Salem (4), Winton, Yadkinville, Zebulon.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region IV: See District of Columbia.
U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

I. O. Schaub, State Home Demonstration Leader, Ruth A. Current, State

College Station, Raleigh.
U. S. Navy, Fifth District, Northern North Carolina: See Virginia. Southern

North Carolina, Sixth District: The Commandant, Headquarters, Charleston.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAKEBS 303

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers, Dr. Alphonso Heningburg; North Carolina College
for Negroes; Charles E. Rush, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

U. S. Public Health Service: State Venereal Disease Control Consultants, Assist-
ant Surgeon C. L. Williams, Jr., P. A. Surgeon Robert D. Wright, State
Department of Health, Raleigh. For Director, District II, see Maryland;
for Liaison Officer, Fourth Army Corps Area, see Georgia..

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Mrs. May E. Campbell, Jones aand McDowell Streets, Raleigh.

North Carolina State Board of Health, Raleigh. "The venereal
disease control program in North Carolina has been expanded
considerably during the past year. Due to the influx of many
national defense workers around the military camps and the work-
ers around the industrial plants, it has been necessary to enlarge
the venereal disease control program. To meet the need created
by the national emergency, additional venereal disease control
units have been set up in the local health departments in the
defense areas. Trained public health educational workers have
been assigned to these areas to organize the civilian population
into groups to study the health problems arising because of the
influx of industrial workers and the expansion of military facilities.
During the past year 1st Army maneuvers were held in eight
counties in North Carolina and in eight counties in South Carolina.
Venereal disease control workers were called from other parts of
this State and assigned to the maneuver area to aid in the control
of the venereal diseases and prostitution during this period.

Medical and Public Health Measures: We have 306 venereal disease clinics
each week holding 404 clinic sessions. This takes care of approximately 93%
of the population of the State. Our public health departments carry on a
complete program and at the present time the appropriation for venereal disease
control is adequate and the public renders good support. The venereal disease
control program places stress on the infectious and potentially infectious venereal
disease cases and especially the contacts of the above cases. Local pharmaceutical
societies are cooperating about the same in this state as in other states.

Health Education and Public Information: Newspapers and other publications
cooperate well with our informational representative. The Board is allotted
15 minutes each week by Radio Station WPTF in Raleigh. Many of the smaller
stations throughout the State allot the local health departments the same amount
of time for educational work. Board carries on an educational program through
the local health departments and by the distribution of literature to lay and
scientific groups.

Legal and Protective Measures: North Carolina has a model prostitution law.
The health departments cooperate with the local law enforcement agencies in
the suppression of prostitution but it is up to the law enforcement agencies to
enforce the law concerning prostitution. The State has provided a place to
take care of prostitutes who have been sentenced for as much as six months.
A rehabilitation program is carried on at the Women's Division of Central
Prison where prostitutes are sent but this program is not classed as adequate.

The 1939 Session of the North Carolina General Assembly passed a law
requiring premarital examination of men and women and prenatal examination
of women for syphilis. The church and family welfare groups actively support
the foregoing laws.

Education for Marriage and Family IAfe: Duke University and the University
of North Carolina give courses in training for marriage and parenthood and
the churches occasionally give short courses along this same line.

National Defense and War Activities : An educational program is being carried
on in all defense areas and in areas where war materials are being produced.



304 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Industrial workers are required to have a blood test. Employees are given the
same advice concerning gonorrhea and syphilis.

In military areas additional personnel have been added and an educational
program is being carried on to assist in protecting military personnel. Addi-
tional venereal disease personnel have been added to all the health departments
in the State to assist in following up the infected selective service personnel and
to assist in the educational work to protect the youth of North Carolina."



The A.S.H.A. staff, especially Mr. Johnson and others of the legal-protective
staff, have given special cooperation to health officials and law enforcement
authorities in North Carolina.



NORTH DAKOTA

Population Population rank among states 39

Urban 131,923 A.SJI.A. members in state 7

Rural 510,012

641,935

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Jack Williams, 13 S. Broadway, Fargo.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
North Dakota Anti-Tuberculosis Association, Inc.: Executive Secretary, Helen

K. Katen, 21 Dakota National Bank Bldg., Bismarck.
North Dakota Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. G. R. Horton,

Box 1217, Jamestown; Social Hygiene Chairman, William Boemmieh, State

Department of Health, Bismarck.
North Dakota Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs.

J. A. Frank, LaMoure.

North Dakota Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, George Platt, Fargo.
North Dakota Nurses Association: Secretary, Iryne Berg, St. Luke's Hospital,

Fargo ; Chairman, Public Health Nursring Section, Mrs. Grace Schei, Holla.
North Dakota State Medical Association: President, A. E. Sorenson, M.D.,

Minot; Secretary, L. W. Larson, M.D., 221 Fifth Street, Bismarck.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region VIII. See Illinois.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region VIII. See Minnesota.

North Dakota State Defense Council: Vice-chairman and Executive Officer,
Brig. Gen. L. E. Baird, Bismarck.

North Dakota State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public In-
struction, A. E. Thompson, Bismarck.

United Service Organizations, Region X: See Texas and Oklahoma.

North Dakota State Department of Health: Acting State Health Officer and
Director, Division of Preventable Diseases, Frank J. Hill, M.D., Bismarck.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:
Grand Forks.f

Horth Dakota State Public Welfare Board: Executive Director, E. A. Wilson,
Bismarck.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.

t In addition to the clinic listed, the addresses of physicians giving treatment

for venereal diseases under the state plan may be obtained from state,

county and municipal officers.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 305

North Dakota Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1421 7th

St., S., Fargo. In charge, Mrs. Alberta W. Lundhagen; President, Mrs. Bessie

M. Darling, 231 Conklin Ave., Grand Forks.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region VIII: See Minnesota.
U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: See Nebraska.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Directors,

E. J. Haslerud; State Home Demonstration Leader, Grace DeLong, North

Dakota Agricultural College, State College Station, Fargo.
U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers, Pres. Frank L. Eversull, North Dakota Agricultural

College, State College Station, Fargo; Dr. Richard Beck, University of North

Dakota, Grand Forks.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VII, see Missouri; for

Liaison Officer, Seventh Army Corps Area, see Nebraska.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Genevieve Parsons, Bismarck.

North Dakota State Department of Health, Bismarck. During
1941, there were reported to the State Department of Health 368
new cases of syphilis and 492 of gonorrhea. The department pro-
vides free to physicians laboratory diagnostic service, and for the
treatment of all reported cases regardless of financial status, anti-
syphilitic drugs and drugs for gonorrhea.

Nine thousand ninety-nine specimens were examined for marriage licenses.
Forty-two individuals were found to have positive serology. For Selective
Service, 13,596 specimens were examined with 49 individuals having positive
serology.

Approximately 500 private physicians and one clinic are served by the State
Department of Health. Over 41,000 pamphlets, bulletins, and other publications
were distributed to the general public for educational purposes, and over 43,000
to the professional groups.

Training for 30 physicians was provided at the University of Minnesota
Continuation Center for one week.

The Pharmaceutical Association at its annual meeting in Jamestown con-
sidered the subject of quackery. Educational posters and pamphlets distributed
by the State Health Department were displayed throughout the state by phar-
macists. The Department also provides visual education materials and speakers
to any group or community requesting them. Newspapers and radio stations
cooperate in educational efforts.

North Dakota is one of the states with the most adequate laws for the repres-
sion of commercialized prostitution. Enforcement has markedly improved during
the past year.



OHIO

Population Population rank among states 4

Ur~ban 4,612,986 A.S.H.A. members in state 305

Enrol 2,294,626

6,907,612

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees
Akron:

Akron Social Hygiene Society: Secretary, Mrs. C. H. Smith, 555 Garry Road.
Ohio Universalist Convention: President, Dr. George Cross Baner, First Uni-
versalist Church.



306 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Cincinnati :
Cincinnati Social Hygiene Society : President, Carl A. Wilzbach, M.D. ; Exeoutwt

Secretary, Roy E. Diekerson, 312 West 9th Street.

Cincinnati Committee on Social Hygiene Day: Honorary Chairman, Governor
John W. Bricker; Chairman, Charles P. Taft; Honorary Vice-Chairman,
R. H. Markwith, M.D. ; Vice-Chairman, Carl A. Wilzbaeh, M.D. ; Secretary, Roy
E. Dickerson, 312 West Ninth Street.
Cleveland:
Joint Social Hygiene Committee, Health Council and Cleveland Academy of

Medicine: Secretary, Robert N. Hoyt, 1001 Huron Road. ,

Family Health Association: Director, Etta Creech, 2525 Euclid Avenue.
Columbus: Ohio Council of Churches Women's Department: Secretary, Mrs. Ruth

M. Worrell, 44 East Broad Street.
Dayton Social Hygiene Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Florence J. Sands,

Y.W.C.A. Bldg., Third and Wilkinson Streets.

Hamilton: Commission on Syphilis: Chairman, C. J. Baldridge, M.D., City Bldg.
Massillon Social Hygiene Council: Secretary, Joseph L. Schlosser, Department

of Health, City Hall.

Toledo Social Hygiene Council: President, Mrs. H. C. Whitehorne, 4225 Kings-
bury Avenue.

Youngstown Social Hygiene Association: President, Paul H. Luee, 67 Como
Avenue, Struthers.

Other Voluntary Agencies
American Legion: Department Adjutant, J. J. Saslavsky, 145 N. High St.,

Columbus.

Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Ohio Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. C. Tracy LaCost, 2515

Glenwood Ave., Toledo; Social Hygiene Chairman, Ann L. Buntin-Becker,

M.D., 6769 Field House Way, Mariemont.
Ohio Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. Louis H.

Fresehtling, RR 5, Hamilton.
Ohio Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Francis H. Lang, Box 103, East

Liverpool.
Ohio Nurses Association: General Secretary, Mrs. E. P. August, 50 East Broad

Street, Columbus; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section, Mary I. Brene-

man, 283 Brevoort Road, Columbus.
Ohio Public Health Association: Executive Secretary, Robert G. Patterson, 1575

Neil Ave., Columbus.
Ohio State Medical Association: President, E. J. Cormick, M.D., Toledo;

Secretary, C. S. Nelson, 79 East State Street, Columbus.
Ohio Welfare Conference: Executive Secretary, Hannah L. Protzman, State

Office Bldg., Columbus.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region V: See Illinois.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region V: Regional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, Ed. H. Terry, Hoster Bldg., Columbus.

Ohio Department of Education: Director of Education, E. N. Dietrich, Colum-
bus; Supervisor, Health and Narcotics, Howard E. Hamlin.
Ohio State Council of Defense: Executive Director, Courtney Burton, 101 N.

High St., Columbus.

Ohio State Department of Health: Director of Health, Roll H. Markwith, M.D.,
Columbus; Acting Assistant Chief, Bureau of Venereal Disease, Neal D. Carte*,
M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Addyston, Akron (3), Alliance, Bellaire, Belief ontaine, Canton, Chillicothe (2),
Cincinnati (17), Cleveland (11), Columbus (6), Dayton, East Akron, East
Cleveland, East Liverpool, Hamilton, Ironton, Lakewood, Lancaster, Lima,
Logan, MeArthur, Mansfield, Marion, Middletown, Norwalk, Oxford, Pomero/,

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 307

Port Clinton, Portsmouth, St. Clairsville, Sandusky, Sidney, Springfield, Toledo
(2), Troy, Warren (2), Waverly, Xenia, Youngstown, Zanesville.

Ohio State Department of Public Welfare: Director, Charles L. Sherwood,
Columbus.

Ohio Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1444 E. Broad St.,
Columbus. President, Miss Mary B. Ervin.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region V: Supervisor, David E. Meek; Representatives, Irving K. Furst,
Spencer Fullerton, Euclid Ave. and 9th Street, Cleveland.

U. S. Army, Fifth Corps Area: Headquarters, Fort Hayes, Columbus.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
H. C. Eamsower; State Home Demonstration Leader, Minnie Price, College of
Agriculture, Ohio State University, Columbus.

U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers, Earl N. Manchester, Ohio State University, Colum-
bus; Dean E. A. Hanson, Ohio University, Athens; Elsie Henningar, Univer-
sity of Akron; Mrs. Fern Luther, University of Cincinnati; Lucille B. Emch,
University of Toledo; Kussell Munn, 325 Superior Avenue, Western Eeserve
University, Cleveland.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District III, see Illinois; Liaison
Officer, Fifth Army Corps Area, Senior Surgeon F. V. Meriwether, Fort
Hayes, Columbus.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Mrs. Ruth P. Neighbors, 8 East Chestnut Street, Columbus.

State Department of Health, Columbus. "The Ohio program of
venereal disease control is 'long range' in intent and application
with the exception of special measures for defense areas and special
provision for the treatment of Selective Service registrants deferred
because of syphilis.

Local health districts assume the responsibility for studying and
solving their own peculiar problems so that, when the inevitable
decrease in funds from central sources comes about, they will be in
a position to carry on effectively. The policy of the Department in
venereal disease control is to furnish consultation, supervision and
financial aid to local health districts, without taking direct action
except in emergency.

This policy is based upon the fact that, in a state with such
varied community life as exists in Ohio, no unified central action
would be competent to solve the varied problems which are peculiar
to the different localities.

Important information not included elsewhere in this report
is as follows:

The medical personnel of the Department analyze special treatment
problems for private practitioners; advise local health commissioners in
regard to medical personnel and supervise the installation, maintenance and
administration of clinics.

Close check is kept upon care and follow-up in cases of gonorrhea!
ophthalmia; field nursing consultants teach and instruct the local public
health nurses in the care and epidemiology of every case.

A study is being made of ways and means for the hospitalization of
early neurosyphilitics who will receive fever treatment combined with chemo-
therapy. This plan will be in operation as soon as arrangements can be
completed.



308 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL, HYGIENE

This entire program is conducted in cooperation with the United
States Public Health Service.

Medical and Public Health Measures: Facilities for finding and treating cases
of gonorrhea have been doubled but they are not equal to the need created by
present conditions.

The Ohio Department of Health has established a complete program and it
is receiving adequate appropriations and public support. Financial assistance is
extended to local health districts, as the need is demonstrated, by paying the
salaries of additional public health nurses, clerks and medical personnel, and
furnishing expendable supplies. A fee pay plan is in operation for private
practitioners which covers the treatment of all communicable or potentially
communicable syphilis in individuals who otherwise could not obtain it. Drugs
are furnished physicians free of charge for the treatment of venereal disease
in individuals who otherwise would go untreated (this includes sulfathiazole for
use in gonorrheal infections). The laboratory furnishes services to all physicians
who require its facilities for the proper care of individuals who could not
otherwise secure the needed laboratory work; examines all Selective Service
registrant blood specimens taken in Ohio; and assists in special epidemiological
studies such as blood testing programs in industry. A plan for the hospitalization
in local health districts, of infectious cases of venereal disease in individuals who
cannot otherwise be properly isolated, is in preparation and will shortly be
in operation.

Field Nursing Consultants regularly visit the local health districts; monthly
meetings are held in the Ohio Department of Health for state and local super-
vising nurses; analyses of special problems are made by the Chief of the Nursing
Division and her staff of specialized nurses; in follow-up work local health
districts are encouraged to extend to private practitioners local public health
nursing personnel who act as the personal representatives of such practitioners.

State and local pharmaceutical societies are cooperating fully in the campaign
against quackery.

Health Education and Public Information: Newspapers and other publications
now cooperate fully in the campaign against the venereal diseases. Radio
stations are likewise cooperative in the majority of cases. The more important
Ohio stations are: WLW, WCOL, WTAM, WADC, WHBC, WICA, WHIO,
WFIN, WLOK, WMEN, WPAY, WIZE, WSTV, WTOL, WIRN, WFMJ,
WHIZ, WNAN. There are approximately 100 radio stations in Ohio.

Two lecturers, a man and a woman, are continuously engaged in advising lay
groups, particularly high school students, with regard to problems of adjustment
between the sexes and venereal disease. Educational literature is distributed
and films are exhibited upon requisition through the local health commissioner.

Legal and Protective Measures: Measures available for repression of com-
mercialized prostitution are sufficient if proper enforcement is used. Special
encouragement for local officials is being provided at this time.

It is the practice of the Department to advise local health districts to refer
women and girls, who have been engaged in prostitution and are now free of
disease, to Social Protection Section of the Federal Security Agency.

The Ohio Premarital Law requiring a serological and clinical examination for
syphilis before marriage was passed in 1941. Church and family welfare groups
actively support and participate in securing effective enforcement of all these laws
and ordinances.

Education for Marriage and Family Life: Though there is no concerted pro-
gram throughout the State for sex instruction or training for marriage and
parenthood through the Division of Education of the Ohio Department of
Health an appreciation of its need is growing.



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