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National Defense and War Activities: Ohio contains many concentrations of
armed forces and defense workers. A well balanced program of venereal disease



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 309

control is included in the Industrial Health program. Under this program
individuals with venereal disease are handled no differently than those with
any other infectious or contagious disease. Individuals found infected are
directed to take treatment and are assisted when necessary. Local health districts
are being assisted with projects for control of venereal disease in defense
industry areas.

There are a number of military establishments in Ohio, and action has been
taken to protect them suitably. Houses of prostitution are being rapidly elim-
inated. Trailer prostitutes are being harried by local officers and State Police.
Follow-up work of reported contacts and geographical locations associated with
reports of acquired infection is rapidly expanding through cooperating local
health districts.

The public health nurses throughout the State are encouraged to undertake
guidance of youth in working out problems associated with adjustment between
the sexes problems which have tremendously multiplied because of our war
effort."



Cincinnati Social Hygiene Society. The twenty-fourth annual
report for the year ending June, 1941, says : " The year just passed
has been no exception to that of previous years. It has been packed
with achievements in difficult fields of endeavor.

To assist in national defense, the Society has dealt with the control of venereal
disease and prostitution. With the cooperation of Army officials, the Cincinnati
Police and the Cincinnati Health Department, our city is a relatively safe place
for the soldier.

Again the Society was active in the field of education, urging a better under-
standing of the place of sex in normal life. Lectures for boys and girls, young
men and young women were given, pointing out the glorious truths of growing
into manhood and womanhood. Lectures were given in education for marriage
and efforts were made to bring out the normal, happy relations that should
exist when couples are happily mated. Lectures were given on venereal disease,
pointing out the simple facts about syphilis and gonorrhea. Films were used,
printed literature was distributed, books were lent, articles were carried in the
newspapers and opportunities for consultation were given to ninety-five young
men and women who were puzzled with problems concerned with biological
questions. In a world which has discredited and degraded the word "sex," it
has not always been easy to carry on this constructive program. All too often
these efforts have been misunderstood and criticized, but in spite of all of these
handicaps, the Society has had a most successful year.

In April the Society lost the services of Dr. Kichard W. Weiser, who, as Cap-
tain in the Medical Reserve was one of the first to be called to active duty.
During the year Dr. Weiser was ably assisted by Mrs. Genevieve Jessup Taylor,
who, in addition to her lecture and other services, contributed twelve magazine
articles and a great number of "social hygiene stories" for the newspapers.
The office and secretarial work has been efficiently performed by Mrs. H. S.
Frederic. Mrs. Eleanor Holmes has cooperated with the Society in carrying on
the program for the control of syphilis in industry.

Dr. William S. Keller served as Acting Executive Secretary until a successor to
Dr. Weiser was secured in Roy E. Diekerson, who became Executive Secretary,
beginning October 1st, 1941.

The following summary gives a picture of the volume of certain activities
of your Social Hygiene Society. But figures are notoriously limited in their uses
they cannot measure the value of the services the Society has given the community,
state and nation. Some of its biggest accomplishments, in these days of planning
and working for national defense, cannot be dealt with statistically at all.



310 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Lectures: 238 Literature distributed: 9,741

Film Showings: 10 Publicity articles: 200

Total Attendance: 12,133 Column inches: 905

Books lent: 532 Magazine articles: 12

The Society was gratified at the passage of the premarital examination law,
for which it had worked many years.

A new group of "customers" were found for our parent-education service,
when for the first time courses on sex education were offered to the entire
clientele of a social service agency, the Aid to Dependent Children.

The Society's Committee for the Control of Syphilis in Industry continued its
program, which has received national recognition for its outstanding achievements.
Since 1938, when this work was begun, 45,955 employees of 145 Cincinnati firms
have been blood-tested for syphilis, records showing 3.9 infected. (See February,
1942, JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE, pp. 91-93.)

Outstanding event of 1942 so far was the Eegional Conference held on Sixth
National Social Hygiene Day, February 4th, 1942, on the subject Social Hygiene
in Wartime, with national sponsorship of the American Social Hygiene Association,
the United States Public Health Service and the Social Protection Section. A
notable group of speakers participated in a program which stressed Cincinnati's
progress in the industrial campaign, and which drew a record-breaking audience
of 3,000 persons to the Hotel Gibson. High point of the program was the
presentation of Honorary Life Membership in the American Social Hygiene Asso-
ciation to Dr. Elizabeth Campbell by Dr. William S. Keller, both social hygiene
pioneers. The occasion was also Dr. Campbell's eightieth birthday. Local
sponsorship for the Conference was provided by 42 agencies and a Committee on
Social Hygiene Day whose Chairman was Charles P. Taft, Assistant Director of
Defense Health and Welfare Services, with the Honorable John W. Bricker,
Governor of Ohio, as Honorary Chairman.

Cleveland: Family Health Association. This organization assumes
responsibility for social hygiene education in Cleveland. In 1941
the instructors reached over 6,000 adolescent boys and girls in class
sessions where educational work was requested. Most of this
instruction was given in junior and senior high schools at the
request of teachers who felt the need of help in dealing with this
subject.

A social hygiene course at Cleveland College, which offers 3 hours of credit, is
taught by a Family Health Association instructor each semester. This course
usually enrolls about 50 students a year, many of whom are public school teachers.
Special courses are designed and offered to group leaders and social workers.
Young peoples' groups request from this organization leadership in discussions
of boy-girl relationships, preparation for marriage, and other youth problems
in the field of health and relationships. In parent groups such as mothers'
clubs and parent-teacher associations, instruction and guidance in sex education
of children and problems of the adolescent are given by the Family Health Asso-
ciation staff. Individual counseling becomes indirectly one of the organization's
functions, since this need is a natural outgrowth of group teaching. The
primary purpose of the agency is health education and parent education and its
instructors have wide teaching experience in these fields. Social hygiene pamphlets
and other literature are available at the Association headquarters for distribution
or reference, as well as posters and other visual teaching aids. F.H.A. cooperated
with Cleveland Health Museum in preparing a special social hygiene exhibit at
the Museum during February, 1942, and in sponsoring an institute on social
hygiene. The Association cooperates in every way possible with the Joint Social
Hygiene Committee of the Cleveland Health Council and Academy of Medicine
in their program of venereal disease control, and they refer to F.H.A. all
requests in the educational field. The agency works in close relationship with
other health and social agencies.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 311

Cleveland: Joint Social Hygiene Committee (of the Academy of
Medicine and the Cleveland Health Council). The year 1941 was
the first year of operation of a new infectious syphilis clinic, which
was established by the Cleveland Division of Health upon recom-
mendation by the Joint Social Hygiene Committee. One hundred
pregnant women and cases of early syphilis were treated.

The Committee made a survey of the number of cases of syphilis under treat-
ment during March, 1941, and found it to be less than for the same month of
any of the three previous years.

In Defense of the Nation and Plain Facts, the A.S.H.A. films, were purchased
and loaned to the Cleveland Health Museum. Talks on the control of venereal
diseases were given by the Committee 's Secretary to 30 groups of college students,
nurses, parent-teacher associations and others. Radio station WGAB has carried
several educational programs. Most of such work is carried by the Family
Health Association (see report above).

A Social Protection Committee has been organized. Rehabilitation is attempted
by the probation officer who tries to secure legitimate employment for young
women under his care; and by the Women's Bureau of the Police Department,
who try to get young vice offenders under the care of social agencies.

Dayton Social Hygiene Association. A premarital examination law
having been passed in 1941, efforts are now directed toward getting
a prenatal examination law in the next session of the Legislature.
The local clinic has been enlarged and its personnel doubled. Treat-
ment was given to 1,267 patients during 1941. Newspapers cooper-
ate in public information and station WING has for the past three
years cooperated fully, especially in Social Hygiene Day programs.
Weekly talks and presentation of motion pictures are a part of the
program. A lecturer from the State Department of Health has
spoken before some of the schools. Schools and colleges generally
provide information about sex, and activities of this character are
likewise carried on by a Speakers' Bureau for church and family
welfare groups.

Dayton celebrated Social Hygiene Day for the fourth successive year in
February with a meeting sponsored by 24 local organizations. Literature was
distributed through the Federation of Women's Clubs (membership 7,800),
parent-teacher organizations, noontide-club organizations, and industrial and
civic groups.

This is a defense town, and social hygiene movies and talks are presented to
industrial defense workers. Articles are planned for factory newspapers.
Literature is placed in U.S.O. club rooms, and posters and cards in washrooms.
A few taverns and night clubs have been declared "off limits" for soldiers.

Plans for the coming year include continuation of the Speakers' Bureau of
doctors, nurses, clergymen and laymen, who will be instructed by the Public
Health Division. A Publicity Committee will work with them, writing illustrated
articles for the newspapers and announcing the Bureau's programs. A member-
ship campaign is scheduled for September.

Massillon Social Hygiene Council. The Council includes representa-
tives from the Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A., Massillon Urban League (com-
bined Negro organizations), Ministerial Association, Medical
Association, Visiting Nurses' Association, Parent-Teachers Associ-
ation, Massillon Welfare Federation (Community Fund), Municipal



312 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIE1STE

Court, Massillon Health Department and the public schools.
It coordinates the social hygiene efforts locally.

An adequate program of diagnosis and treatment is carried on
by the Health Department. Newspapers and the member organiza-
tions cooperate in public information and education. Education for
marriage is given through a program in the high school each year,
with a speaker from the Ohio State Health Department. Most of
the industrial plants require a blood test for syphilis and treatment
if positive.

Toledo: Social Hygiene Council of Toledo. The program for the
regular meetings of the Council for the year ending April 14, 1942,
stressed the importance of Community Cooperation. Six meetings
were held during the year, with the Council of Social Agencies, the
Toledo Public Library, Toledo Council of Parent-Teacher Associations,
Toledo Academy of Medicine, Toledo Board of Health and health
agencies of the city. Dr. Walter Clarke, A.S.H.A. Executive Director,
was the speaker at a special luncheon meeting in February on Social
Hygiene in War Time. Mrs. Bertha Ashby Hess, lecturer, Ohio State
Department of Health, discussed youth problems. How the Church
Can Cooperate with the Social Hygiene Program was the topic for
discussion at the annual dinner meeting.

Law Enforcement Activities: Our group was active in its support of the
amendment to General Code Section 11188, providing for physical examination to
be made of applicants for marriage license, to determine if either applicant was
suffering from syphilis in a communicable stage. Our committee wrote many
letters to the legislators and to the governor; interviewed several of the local
legislators, securing their endorsement and support of the measure. The law
has been in effect since August 18, 1941. There have been no serious criticisms
of it and no threats of repeal or amendment.

As an affiliated agency of the A.S.H.A. the council supported the May Act,
passed by Congress and signed by the President on July 11, 1941. This Act gives
the Secretaries of War and the Navy power to create zones about Army or Navy
establishments within which zones the practice of prostitution or aiding or abetting
such practice becomes a Federal offense, and thereafter, in addition to the activi-
ties of the Department of Justice, authorizes and directs the Secretaries of War,
Navy and Federal Security Administrator to take such steps as they deem
necessary.

Industrial Activities: Letters were sent to all Toledo defense factories, calling
their attention to the importance of physical fitness for all defense workers, and
asking cooperation with us in an educational campaign against venereal disease.
With the assistance of the personnel directors of these factories literature was
given to 8,100 men and 1,450 women, a total of 9,550 defense workers.

Educational Activities: In 1940 as the nation prepared for defense and possibly
for war, our association began distributing literature to those men from our
community who were being inducted into the selective service. Our specific
national defense activities have increased in 1941 and 1942. With the aid of
the induction center and the Naval Armory 10,000 A.S.H.A. leaflets, So Long,
Boys, have been given out. In the Social Hygiene Day celebration, 2,000 pieces
of literature were given to other agencies and individuals.

The Public Health and Education Committee met with city and health officials
and members of the police department to discuss plans for protecting military
men stationed or visiting in our community. The two newspapers of our city



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 313

have given publicity to our meetings. Radio Station WTOL kindly provided
free time for the National Social Hygiene Day Broadcast. . . .

General Activities: The chairman was sent as a delegate to the Regional
Conference at Cincinnati on February 4, 1942. A report of this conference was
prepared and distributed. Our Council was one of the sponsors of The Marriage
Work Shop, a project of the Family Life Education Program. Members of the
Board have attended meetings of other agencies having a direct relation to our
program. These members have also given talks to student groups, Parent-Teacher
Associations, Church groups, nurses, W.C.T.U. and social organizations. A pro-
gram was worked out with the State Department of Health, City Department of
Health and Toledo Public Schools, bringing Mrs. Bertha Ashby Hess, lecturer
on social and mental hygiene, to our city for a three week program. Mrs. Hess
lectured before the Health and Group Work Sections of the Toledo Council of
Social Agencies, Toledo and Lucas County Academy of Medicine, Health and
Recreation Leaders and Hi-Y Leaders.

On the medical side, facilities have been increased for diagnosis and treatment
of venereal disease, and there is an adequate public health program. Beach
House for women aids in rehabilitation of prostitutes to some extent, and women
police assistants are doing valuable work.

Financial and Membership: Many new names have been added to our mem-
bership list but some of our members have withdrawn as they have been called
to the service of our country in military and civilian defense. Our Council has
received financial assistance from the campaign for funds, conducted by the
A.S.H.A. in this community.

Youngstown Social Hygiene Association. Good cooperation is
received from newspapers and from radio stations WKBN and
WFMJ. A lecture service by the Association is one of few sources
of education for marriage and family life available to the com-
munity. Lectures are also given to Parent-Teacher Associations
and other parent groups.

The Youngstown Police Department has recently reorganized its
staff for the purpose of cleaning up the vice situation.



A.S.H.A. staff who participated in the Midwestern Regional Conference in
Cincinnati on Sixth National Social Hygiene Day were Dr. Clarke and Miss
McGrath. Dr. Storey and others of the staff have visited the cities of Columbus,
Cleveland and Youngstown and other points for conference with industrial groups.



OKLAHOMA

Population Population rank among states 22

Urban 879,663 A.S.H.A. members in state 35

Bural 1,456,771

2,336^434

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Oklahoma City:

Oklahoma Social Hygiene Association: Secretary, Everett L. Curtis, 2418
N.W. Guernsey.

Oklahoma Committee on Social Hygiene Day: Chairman, L. M. Jones; Secre-
tary, Arthur H. German.



314 JOUBNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Tulsa County Social Hygiene Association: Secretary-treasurer, Dr. David T.
Hudson, M.D., 108 West 6th Street, Tulsa.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Milt Phillips, 203 Historical Bldg.,
Oklahoma City.

Civitan International: Lt. Governor, Central District, Walter Kendall, 260
Xyler Street, Tulsa.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Oklahoma Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. John A. Wadlin,
1140 East 26th Street, Tulsa.

Oklahoma Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. L. D.
McClatchey, 1541 Keeler, Bartlesville.

Oklahoma Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Al Cook, 401 North Broad-
way, Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma State Medical Association: President, J. D. Osborn, M.D., Frederick;
Secretary, R. H. Graham, 210 Plaza Ct. Bldg., Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma State Nurses Association: Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Charlotte B.
Oderkirk, 1124 S. Florence Ave., Tulsa; Secretary, State Organization for
Public Health Nursing, Louise Sheddan, State Department of Health, Okla-
homa City.

Oklahoma Social Welfare Association: President, Newkirk, Oklahoma.

Oklahoma Tuberculosis and Health Association: Managing Director, Carl Puck-
ett, M.D., 22 West Sixth Street, Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Elizabeth
House, 417 Hester St., Stillwater.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region X: Acting Executive, Edward J. Keyes,
404 Commerce Exchange Bldg., Oklahoma City.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region IX: See Kansas.

Oklahoma State Defense Committee: Executive Secretary, J. William Cordell,
Post Office Box 3057, State Capitol 417, Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, A. L. Crable ; District Supervisor, Negro Schools, Lenouliah Gandy.

Oklahoma State Department of Health: State Commissioner of Health, Grady
F. Mathews, M.D., Oklahoma City; Director, Venereal Disease Division, Eugene
A. Gillis, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Ada, Anadarko, Antlers, Ardmore, Arnett, Atoka, Beaver, Beggs, Blanchard,
Boise City, Boynton, Bristow, Broken Bow, Buffalo, Carnegie, Cheyenne, Clare-
more, Colbert, Crescent, Cushing, Drumright, Duncan, Durant, Enid, Guthrie,
Guymon, Healdton, Hennessey, Henryetta, Hugo, Idabel, Jay, Kingfisher,
Konoma, Langston, Lawton, McAlester, Madill, Marietta, Muskogee, Norman,
Nowata, Oklahoma City, Okmulgee (2), Oktaha, Pauls Valley, Picher, Porter,
Poteau, Pryor, Purcell, Sallisaw, Sepulpa, Seminole, Shawnee, Stella, Stillwater,
Stilwell, Tahlequah, Tishmoningo, Tulsa, Wagoner, Watonga, Waurika, Wewoka,
Woodward.

Oklahoma State Department of Public Welfare: Director, J. B. Harper, Okla-
homa City.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region IX: See Missouri.

U. S. Army, Eighth Corps Area: See Texas.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
E. E. Scholl; State Home Demonstration Leader, Nonna M. Brumbaugh, Okla-
homa Agricultural and Mechanical College, Stillwater.

U. S. Navy, Eighth District: See Louisiana.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMABIBS 315

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers, Mrs. A. M. Scott, Langston University, Langston;
Edmond Low, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, Stillwater; Her-
bert H. Scott, University of Oklahoma, Norman.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VII, see Missouri; for
Liaison Officer, Eighth Army Corps Area, see Texas.

Work Projects Administration: Director of State Community Service Program,
Ola Beckett, 529 W. Main Street, Old Courthouse Building, Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma State Health Department, Oklahoma City. Venereal
disease control through community club sponsorship has recently
received its christening in Oklahoma, Muskogee serving as the test
city for the experiment. The Junior Chamber of Commerce has
become so enthusiastic over the possibilities of the project that a
proposal has just been made to the state executive committee for
brother organizations throughout the state to adopt the plan on
a state-wide basis.

Methods of procedure are carefully planned before the campaign is begun.
Roughly, the plan consists of:

1. A preliminary survey to study the local venereal disease problem.

2. Presentation of the problem to an aggressive-minded civic club with
recommendations for a solution.

3. Supplying of all types of educational material to the sponsoring organization
for community distribution.

Although the program is carried on by the sponsoring organization, close
supervision is maintained by the state division in order to make sure that effective
venereal disease control objectives are reached. It would seem that this approach
to venereal disease control has distinct merit and may well prove to be the
answer to the question "What is the quickest and most effective way to control
syphilis and gonorrhea?"

For about six weeks a poster campaign designed for military areas has been
in operation. Principal distribution has been in taverns and other similar estab-
lishments which are frequented by soldiers. These posters have been well received
and commanding officers at several state posts have requested the posters for
use in the camps. Especially designed pamphlets are being handed to soldiers
as they arrive in the larger towns on leave.

Oklahoma Social Hygiene Association, Oklahoma City. This new
society developed out of the Regional Conference held in Oklahoma
City on Sixth National Social Hygiene Day. A fine, all-day pro-
gram, under the sponsorship of the Oklahoma County Tuberculosis
and Health Association and the State Health Department, with
prominent speakers from the fields of public health, industry, edu-
cation and social protection, and with an attendance of 500 gave
the new group a good start. It is now carrying on a campaign for
membership, and has announced a general program to include the
following fundamental and practical measures:

1. Educate our children and young people for sane and wholesome sex living.

2. Tell the public the facts about commercialized prostitution.

3. Establish in Summer Schools opportunities (through the medium of short
courses, conferences, literature for distribution and other suitable means)
for teachers, and school administrators to become acquainted with the
methods and materials of social hygiene education.



316 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

4. Establish demonstration schools in which programs of social hygiene educa-



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 41 of 71)