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tion may be developed.

5. Assist in the coordination of organizational programs.

6. Build support for a strong program of social hygiene education.

7. Maintain an office to supply literature, films, lectures and assistance in
promoting social hygiene programs.

8. Work with schools, churches, P.T.A.'s and other organizations.

9. Maintain a circulating library.

10. Work with teacher education programs designed to equip teachers to do work
in this field.

11. Secure newspaper and radio publicity.

12. Strengthen laws relating to prostitution.

13. Organize local voluntary committees and organizations to back up official
law enforcement.

Among the groups cooperating indirectly in the social hygiene field is the
Junior League.

A tentative plan for social hygiene education in schools has been drawn up
and is being discussed with several schools. The plan includes a suggested
outline of basic principles to be followed, a list of courses which might have
social hygiene content, extra-curricular and community organizations which
would supplement the school courses, and suggested lists of resources already
available and additional resources needed to carry on an educational program
of this kind.

The Department is showing venereal disease educational films to every draftee
now going through induction centers. Educational pamphlets are also distributed
to each man.

Tulsa County Social Hygiene Association, Tulsa. Representatives
of 27 organizations and groups interested in social hygiene met in
April, 1942, to form the Tulsa County Social Hygiene Association,
as an affiliate of the Oklahoma Social Hygiene Association. The
intense interest shown by this first local group to be established
under the new state association gives promise of a strong and
practical program developing.



A.S.H.A. visitors to Oklahoma during past months have included Dr. Clarke
(who was a principal speaker at the Southwestern Conference on Sixth National Social
Hygiene Day, as above described. The Conference theme was How Government
Agencies and Voluntary Groups Work Together to Protect the Armed Forces and
Defense Industrial Workers from Syphilis and Gonorrhea), Mr. Johnson, and
others of the staff, for conference with health and law enforcement officials.



OREGON

Population Population rank among states 34

Urban 531,675 A.S.H.A. members in state 55

Eural 558,009

1,089,684

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Salem: Oregon Social Hygiene Day Committee: Honorary Chairman, Governor
Charles A. Sprague; Chairman, Adolph Weinzirl, M.D.; Chairman Committee
on Arrangements, Mrs. George Moorhead, Marion County Public Health Asso-
ciation, 208 Masonic Building, Salem.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 317

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, June W. Valiant, 354 Pittock Block,
Portland.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Oregon Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. F. W. Blum, 417
Oregon Bldg., Portland; /Social Hygiene Chairman, Jessie L. Brodie, MJ).,
3770 N.E. Chico Street, Portland.

Oregon Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. A. F. Holmer, 1911 Harris
Street, Eugene.

Oregon Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. George
E. K. Moorhead, 208 Masonic Blvd., Salem.

Oregon Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Donald Black, P. O. Box 287,
Salem.

Oregon Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Linnie Laird, 301 Ste-
vens Bldg., Portland; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health Nurs-
ing, Mrs. Margaret Payton, 3914 S.E. 64th Ave., Portland.

Oregon State Conference of Social Work: President, Donald E. Long, Court of
Domestic Eelations, Multnomah County Court House, Portland; Secretary,
Mrs. Ethel Carroll, Catholic Charities, 2051 S.W., Sixth Avenue, Portland.

Oregon State Medical Society: President, William W. Baum, M.D., Salem; Sec-
retary, J. E. Montague, M.D., 1020 S.W. Taylor Street, Portland.

Oregon State Teachers Association: E. D. Towler, Astoria High School, As-
toria; E. F. Carleton, 602 Studio Bldg., Portland.

Oregon Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Saidie Orr Dunbar,
605 Woodlark Bldg., Portland.

Oregon Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 409 Stock Ex-
change Bldg., Portland. In charge, Miss Etta M. White; President, Mrs.
Fred J. Tooze, Jr.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region XII: Executive for Washington and
Orgeon, Faber Stevenson, 1009 Porter Bldg., Portland.

University of Oregon Medical School, Division of Social Hygiene Education:
Director, Adolph Weinzirl, M.D., Department of Public Health and Preventive
Medicine, University of Oregon, Eugene.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region XII: See California.

Oregon State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruction,

Bex Putnam, Salem.
Oregon State Board of Health: State Health Officer, Frederick D. Strieker,

M.D., Portland; Acting Chief, Division of Venereal Disease Control, E. C.

Dreseher, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Albany, Astoria, Baker, Coquille, Eugene, Grand Eonde, Grants Pass, Hillsboro,
Klamath Agency, Klamath Falls, La Grande, MeMinnville, Marshfield, Medford,
Oregon City, Pendleton, Portland (2), Eoseburg, Salem, Siletz, The Dalles.

Oregon State Defense Council: Coordinator, Jerrold Owen, Eoom 317, State

Capitol Bldg., Salem.
Oregon State Public Welfare Commission: Administrator, Elmer Goudy, 507

Spalding Bldg., Portland.
Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region XII: See California.
U. S. Army, Ninth Corps Area: See Utah.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: W. A. Sehoenfeld; State

Home Demonstration Leader, Mrs. Azalea L. Sager, Oregon State Agricultural

College, Corvallis.
U. S. Navy, Thirteenth District: See Washington.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



318 JOURNAL, OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Center, Dr. Hugh Wood, University of Oregon, Eugene.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District V, see California; for
Liaison Officer, Ninth Army Corps Area, see Utah.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Gladys M. Everett, 1201 Bedell Bldg., Portland.

Oregon State Board of Health, Portland. During 1941, the most
notable development in the social hygiene activities of the Oregon
State Board of Health came in the second half of the year when it
was decided to effect a complete reorganization of the Board's Divi-
sion of Venereal Disease Control. While the reorganization did
not actually take effect until 1942, the ground work was laid the
preceding year. This reorganization called for a comprehensive
program of case finding, investigation of contacts, enlargement of
laboratory facilities, stepping up of the educational program and
the adoption of an up-to-date statistical system.

Dr. E. C. Drescher, P. A. Surgeon of the United States Public Health Service,
was appointed acting head of the Division of Venereal Disease Control by Dr.
Frederick D. Strieker, State Health Officer, succeeding Dr. Samuel D. Allison, who
resigned to accept the post of Venereal Disease Control Officer for Hawaii.

The Work Projects Administration, late in 1941, allotted funds for a Venereal
Disease Control Project to be instituted in 1942 with the State Board of Health
as sponsor. Erie S. West was Supervisor of the Project at the outset.

Another notable development in 1941 was the creation of a Department of
Social Hygiene Education by the University of Oregon Medical School. Dr.
Adolph Weinzirl, until 1941, Health Officer of the City of Portland, was placed
at the head of the new department.

University of Oregon Medical School, Portland. The newly formed
Department of Social Hygiene Education cooperated with the
State Board of Health in an extensive celebration of Sixth National
Social Hygiene Day in Oregon. One of the six regional conferences
held across the United States to observe Social Hygiene Day took
place in Portland on February 12 and was sponsored by the
Department and the State Board of Health. An all-day conference
of representatives from many groups interested in social hygiene
was followed by a public meeting in the evening, with showings
of social hygiene films. Broadcasts over stations KGW and KEX
were also part of the celebration.



The Northwest Conference on Sixth National Social Hygiene Day, on the topic
Social Protection in Wartime and After as above reported was one of six such
regional meetings sponsored nationally by the A.S.H.A. and the United States
Public Health Service, with the cooperation of Army, Navy and Social Protection
Section representatives in the various areas. The Oregon Committee on Social
Hygiene Day, of some fifty persons, headed by Governor Charles A. Sprague
as Honorary Chairman, and Dr. Adolph Weinzirl as Chairman, brought together
interested representatives of many state and community agencies whose joint
efforts will be reflected in future programs. Mrs. George Moorhead, executive
secretary of the Marion County Public Health Association, who served as
chairman of the Conference Committee on Arrangements, is continuing to conduct
a county-wide educational program and to do state-wide work to some extent.

Dr. Clarke was a principal speaker at the 1942 meeting, and has also visited
Oregon at other times during past months, as have Dr. Snow, Dr. Storey and
Miss Shenehon, for purposes of conference with health and law-enforcement officials.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 319



PENNSYLVANIA

I'opulalion Population rank among states 2

Urban 6,586,877 A.S.H.A. members in state 261

Rural 3,313,303

9,900,180

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Erie Social Hygiene Association: Executive Secretary, Newell W. Edson, 133
West Vth Street.

Chester: Delaware County Tuberculosis and Health Association: Executive Sec-
retary, Robert W. Bernhardt, 301 Merchants Trust Bldg.

Harrisburg: Tuberculosis and Health Society of Harrisburg and Dauphin County:
Executive Secretary, Mrs. Henry W. Taylor, Municipal Bldg.

Lancaster Law and Order Society: Secretary, Rev. Nevin C. Harner, 631 Col-
lege Avenue.

Philadelphia:

Philadelphia Committee on Social Hygiene Day: Honorary Chairman, Mayor.
R. K Lamberton; Chairman, Major-General William G. Price, Jr.; Secre-
tary, Charles Kurtzhalz, 311 S. Juniper St.

Philadelphia Tuberculosis and Health Association: Director, Charles Kurtz-
halz, 311 S. Juniper Street.

Social Service Committee, Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends: Field Sec-
retary, Richmond P. Miller, 1515 Cherry Street.

Pittsburgh: General Health Council: Executive Director, W. W. McFarland,
M.L)., 519 Smithneld St.

Reading Social Hygiene Committee: Mrs. Anna Barlow, Visiting Nurse Asso-
ciation.

Wilkes-Barre: Luzerne County Social Hygiene Society: Executive Secretary,
Nellie G. Loftus, 71 North Franklin St.

York: Committee on Health Education and Social Hygiene Activities: Chairman,
Charlotte Hitchcock, 134 W. Philadelphia Street.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Edwin A. Linsky, 11(5 South Third

Street, Philadelphia.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania: President, Lewis T. Buekman,

M.D., \\ilkes-Barre; Secretary, W. F. Donaldson, M.D., 500 Penn Avenue,

Pittsburgh.
Pennsylvania Association for the Blind: Executive Secretary, P. N. Harrison,

132 Walnut Street, Harrisburg; Supervisor, Marcella Cohen, Prevention of
Blindness Department, Pittsburgh Branch, 308 S. Craig Street, Pittsburgh.

Pennsylvania Conference on Social Work: Executive Secretary, William A.

Jenny, Ph.D., P. O. Box 162, Harrisburg.
Pennsylvania Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. P. B. Digby,

415 N. Fairmount, Pittsburgh; Social Hygiene Chairman, Newell W. Edson,

133 West 7th Street, Erie.

Pennsylvania Council of Churches, Woman's Department: President, Mrs. Frank

A. Hean, 1717 No. Second Street, Harrisburg.
Pennsylvania Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs.

D. K Hoff, 412 N. 2nd St., Harrisburg.
Pennsylvania Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Kendig C. Bare, 305

North Lime Street, Lancaster.
Pennsylvania Nurses Association: General Secretary, Mrs. Katharine Miller,

400 N. 3rd Street, Harrisburg; Secretary, State Organization for Public

Health Nursing, S. Margaret Smith, Henry Phipps Institute, Philadelphia.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



320 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Pennsylvania Tuberculosis Society: Executive Secretary, Arthur M. Dewees,

311 S. Juniper Street, Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 220 Pine

St., Harrisburg. In charge, Mrs. Olive M. Pettit, Secretary; President, Mrs.

Ella B. Black, Beaverdale.
Rotary International:*
United Service Organizations, Region III: See New York.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region II: Regional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, Tom Beatty, Perry Bldg., 16th and Chestnut Sts., Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania Council of Defense: Executive Director, Dr. A. C. Marts, State
Capitol Bldg., Harrisburg.

Pennsylvania State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public In-
struction, Francis B. Haas, Harrisburg; Chief, Health and Physical Educa-
tion, J. Wynn Fredericks.

Pennsylvania State Department of Health: State Health Officer, Robert M.
Hursh, M.D., Harrisburg; Director, Division of Syphilis and GenitoinfectiouB
Diseases, Edgar S. Everhart, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abington, Allentown (2), Altoona, Ashland, Beaver Falls, Bedford, Belief onte,
Bethlehem, Blairsville, Bloomsburg, Blossburg, Bradford, Bristol (2), Browns-
ville, Bryn Mawr, Burgettstown, Butler, Carbondale, Carlisle, Chambersburg,
Chester (2), Clearfield, Coatesville, Columbia, Connelsville, Corry, Danville,
Darby, Drexell Hill, DuBois, Easton, Erie, Fountain Springs, Franklin, Gettys-
burg, Greensburg, Harrisburg (3), Hazelton, Homestead, Huntingdon, Indiana,
Johnstown (2), Kane, Kittanning, Lancaster (2), Latrobe, Lebanon, Lewistown,
Lock Haven, McKeesport, McKees Eocks, Meadville, Mifflintown, Millersburg,
Millvale, Monessen, Mount Carmel, Nanticoke, New Castle, New Eagle, New
Kensington, Norristown, Oil City (2), Philadelphia (43), Philipsburg, Phoenix-
ville, Pittsburgh (18), Pittston, Point Marion, Pottstown, Pottsville, Punxsutawney,
Quakertown, Heading (2), Eenovo, Eidley Park, Kochester, Sayre, Scranton (3),
Sewickley, Shamokin, Sharon, Shenandoah, Somerset, Spangler, Stroudsburg,
Sunbury, Tyrone, Uniontown, Warren, Washington, Waynesboro, Waynesburg,
Wellsboro, West Chester, West Heading, Wilkes-Barre (3), Wilkinsburg, Wil-
liamsport, Windber, York.

Pennsylvania State Department of Welfare: Secretary, E. Arthur Sweeny,
Harrisburg.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region III: Acting Supervisor, Irving K. Furst, Juniper and Chestnut Sts.,
Philadelphia.

U. S. Army, Third Corps Area: See Maryland.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
S. W. Fletcher; State Home Demonstration Leader, S. Agnes Brumbaugh,
Pennsylvania State College, State College.

U. S. Navy, Fourth District: The Commandant, Headquarters, Philadelphia;
Venereal Disease Control Officer, Lt. Comndr. C. J. Buckley.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers: Harold W. Hayden, Bucknell University, Lewisburg;
Prof. Eobert G. Crosen, Lafayette College, Easton; Prof. Claude G. Beardslee,
Lehigh University, Bethlehem; Dr. C. C. Peters, Pennsylvania State College,
State College; Dr. Frederick C. Gruber, University of Pennsylvania, Philadel-
phia; Dr. A. L. Eobinson, University of Pittsburgh; Prof. Jas. B. Anderson,
Washington and Jefferson College, Washington.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District I, see New York; for
Liaison Officer, Third Army Corps Area, see Maryland.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Anne Butler, 46 North Cameron Street, Harrisburg.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAKEBS 321

State Department of Health, Harrisburg. Facilities for finding
and treating cases of venereal disease have been extended by the
use of Sanitarians under the supervision of District Medical Health
Officers, Medical Social Workers in the Institute for the Control of
Syphilis, as well as the State Nurses. A complete program has been
planned and is in operation in so far as appropriations permit.

In the City of Philadelphia leaflets containing an appeal for pharm-
acists' cooperation were delivered to every pharmacist in the city.
This appeal will appear in the State Pharmaceutical Journal.

Health education and public information activities include coopera-
tion with newspapers and radio stations WPEN, WKBO, and KDKA;
lectures, distribution of pamphlets, placards, and street car advertising
in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia.

Quarantine regulation is the legal instrument, and the quarantine
stations, Philadelphia Vice Squad, and Policewoman's Division of
Philadelphia are among the facilities which aid law enforcement.
Quarantine facilities are available at the Houses of Good Shepherd.
Premarital law and prenatal law requiring examination for syphilis
became effective 1940. Club and church groups generally give support
to law enforcement authorities in the performance of their duties.

Many industrial plants engaged in production of war materials
are located in Pennsylvania. The engineers and sanitarians con-
nected with the Bureau of Industrial Hygiene distribute posters,
pamphlets, payroll stuffers and placards to industries. In some plants
the serologic test for syphilis is being performed. Plant officials are
notified of the facilities of the Department through the representatives
of the Bureau of Industrial Hygiene.

Measures have been taken by city officials as well as the State
Motor Police in protecting the armed forces as well as civilians against
prostitution near military posts.

Serologic reports have been performed by the State Laboratories
in connection with the N.Y.A. groups.

Pennsylvania Association for the Blind. This Association carries
on a program of education and demonstration for the prevention
of blindness, which includes much social hygiene work, and main-
tains membership in the American Social Hygiene Association in
order to collaborate in problems of mutual interest.

Erie Social Hygiene Association. The E.S.H.A. is one of the long-
established community groups in social hygiene work, carrying on
a continuous community program of public education, medical and
public health and measures and sex instruction for parents and
children. In cooperation with the Committee of Sixteen, the E.S.H.A.
regularly studies and acts for repression of prostitution.

Treatment hours at the State G-TT Clinic (the only one here) have been
shortened from 8 to 4 because of community reduction in funds and now include



322 JOUBNAL OP SOCIAL, HYGIENE

two afternoon hours each for men and for women. Plans are being made for a
special hour for children. Apparently this service is meeting community needs.
The number of women patients has increased, but the men patients have
diminished, probably because men are reporting to private physicians. The clinic
service is furnished by the State and includes two clinicians and three nurses.
Record keeping is paid for by this Association, a Community Chest Agency.
Contact tracing and follow-up of delinquent patients is left to over-loaded nurses
and is therefore not at all adequate. It is hoped that WPA funds allocated to
the State may provide contact tracers and follow-up workers. Two clinicians are
experienced in treating venereal disease. A former inexperienced clinician waa
recently dropped.

The State Pharmaceutical Society is cooperating with Dr. Stokes' Committee
on Venereal Disease, advisory to the State Board of Health, in informing drug-
gists about over-the-counter prescribing and quackery, and is working out state
laws for controlling the sale of drugs. Local druggists are cooperating in the
campaign.

The two local newspapers are glad to publish material about syphilis control
provided it has a local slant. One of these papers recently featured in its
Sunday edition a series of 13 articles on venereal disease in industry. Station
WL.EU and WERC both will give broadcasts when materials are made available.
The latter has a progressive Program Director who recently put on a public
health series including two talks on syphilis and one on gonorrhea furnished by
the U. S. Office of Education, and is eager to secure other material. Talks are
given to many kinds of groups in the city and county, film showings, especially
to nursing groups and hospital staffs, distribution of 8,000 to 10,000 pamphlets
annually through specially selected foci.

The Committee of Sixteen, which has been in operation since 1919, is being
re-organized and is exerting new pressures on the city administration and police
to clean up a rather bad prostitution situation. Social work agencies and the
Juvenile Court are cooperating to prevent sex delinquency, but not wholly
effectively.

On the educational side, one of three high schools is integrating materials in
biology and physical education. The Superintendent of Schools is requiring a
physical examination of teacher applicants, including a Wassermann test. Of
the four colleges, two are including materials in the Junior and Senior years in
courses on religion. One is including appropriate materials in courses on child
psychology, family relations, and life problems. One is including materials in
courses in sociology. Five churches and the Y.W.C.A. have recently given series
to young people on education for marriage and family life. Through local
auspices, similar series were presented in the 1941 summer youth conferences else-
where in the State for the Episcopal, Methodist and Presbyterian denominations.
Many additional talks are being given under the auspices of the Christian and
Hebrew Associations, and other religious groups.

Most of Erie's industrial plants are engaged in such production directly or
indirectly. The E.S.H.A. is beginning an industrial program with these groups.
One large industry employing approximately 15,000 workers is giving as a part of
its health service routine examinations and tests for both syphilis and gonorrhea
to job candidates and workers, and requiring regular treatment by private
physicians of those who are infected. Arrangements are being made to give talks
on venereal diseases at regular meetings of labor unions, with the cooperation of
union officials.

A State military encampment is about 325 miles away. No special measures
are a*i present being used to protect the armed forces from prostitution and
venereal disease, but a USO unit is being set up.

Harrisburg: Tuberculosis and Health Society of Harrisburg and
Dauphin County. Clinics are held at the Harrisburg Hospital



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 323

on two days a week. The Polyclinic Hospital also has two clinic
days a week. Speakers are furnished for meetings of Parent-
Teacher Associations, civic clubs, service clubs, etc. Talking slide
films are used and leaflets distributed. Plans for the coming year
include the provision of help to teachers, health agencies and
character building agencies.

Results of this program have been apparent in the discussion groups by the
P.T.A. Council, individual P.T.A. groups, School Principals' Association, home
economics teachers and other adult groups.

Cooperation of newspapers and other publications in the campaign against
the venereal diseases is increasing constantly. Radio Stations WKBO and
WHP also assist.

Sex education is taught in limited way in senior high school. Courses in
preparation for marriage are conducted by local Y.W.C.A. Family counseling
is carried on by some local pastors and also counseling for betrothed couples.

Tuberculosis and Health Society of Harrisburg and Dauphin County distributes
literature, posters and information about clinics to industrial war workers.

A program of recreation for servicemen stationed nearby is carried on by
the local Defense Council and U.S.O. at the Catholic Center. Recreational
activities especially for members of armed forces carried on by Y.W.C.A. and
Y.M.C.A.

Lancaster Law and Order Society. The Society serves as a receiv-



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