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ing center for information regarding . . . violations of laws dealing
with vice and crime. Through its own investigations it uncovers
evils threatening the moral life of the community and backs up
law enforcement agencies in the performance of their office. It car-
ries on rehabilitative efforts. Recognizing that many of the evil
influences threatening to undermine community and family life are
nationwide in their scope, the Society cooperates with the American
Social Hygiene Association.

Philadelphia Defense Council, Venereal Disease Sub-Committee.
Philadelphia has been on the radio in venereal disease control for
a month with original broadcasts and approved transcriptions on
all the leading stations. Approximately thirty programs have been
arranged, and a number have already taken place. Press releases
aggregating 141 column inches of newspaper space have been
secured in the leading Philadelphia papers with excellent editorial
comment. As part of the educational program, the Philadelphia
Transportation Company, at its own expense, placed 2,500 car
cards, in all street cars, subway cars, buses and trackless trolleys in
the Philadelphia area.

The newly created Venereal Disease Control Division of the Philadelphia City
Department of Public Health has made available packet prophylaxis through
stations established in the receiving wards of all the principal Philadelphia hos-
pitals; and certain hospitals have provided full station prophylaxis for members
of the armed forces under a cooperative arrangement. A program to do away
with drug store diagnosis and treatment has had wide circulation among pharma-
cists and has been favorably received. Counter placards and leaflets have been
distributed to every pharmacist in the city by the Police Department by means
of their patrol cars.



324 jouEisrAL or SOCIAL HYGIENE

A statement with regard to the prostitution problem has been made available
to those chiefly concerned with this field of work in the city area and the state-
ment has been published by the United States Public Health Service in the
official organ of the Division of Venereal Diseases.

The Philadelphia Defense Council's Venereal Disease Sub-Committee cooperates
with the State Venereal Disease Control Committee Advisory to the Secretary of
Health in the development of plans for increased clinic facilities, public educa-
tion, a legal program and so forth. There is under way at the present time a
revision of the basic law of Pennsylvania with reference to venereal disease
control which should materially aid in reaching and controlling sources of infec-
tion. With the assistance of the State Bar Association such legislation will proba-
bly reach the Assembly for consideration during the next several mouths.

The University of Pennsylvania, through the cooperation of the State Depart-
ment of Health and the United States Public Health Service, has organized the
Institute for the Control of Syphilis, which is now recognized as one of the
principal training centers for contact tracing and case holding personnel, instruc-
tion of Army and Naval officers, state physicians and so forth in short refresher
courses.

Several conferences have been and others are about to be held between the
enforcement, police, and liquor control agencies of the Philadelphia area with
the Division of Venereal Disease Control of the City Department of Health.
An industrial venereal disease control program is under way, preceded by a con-
ference to which a large proportion of manufacturing and business interests sent
representatives. In the furtherance of this work, we have the cooperation of
the State Department of Health's Division of Industrial Hygiene.

A mailing list of strategic persons in this field of work is being prepared, and
they are being periodically circularized with news bulletins, statements of policy,
progress memoranda, and so forth.

Philadelphia : Tuberculosis and Health Association. Definite prog-
ress has been made in the City of Philadelphia in 1941 in the cam-
paign against syphilis and gonorrhea. The greatest step forward
was the establishing of a Division of Venereal Disease Control in
the Philadelphia Department of Health by ordinance of Council
under date of October 7, 1941, and the appointing of Dr. Norman
E. Ingraham, Jr., as Chief of the Department.

In addition to this, a strong Sub-Committee on Venereal Disease of the Phila-
delphia Defense Council, has been organized under the capable leadership of
Dr. John H. Stokes, who is also Chairman of the Pennsylvania State Venereal
Disease Control Committee Advisory to the Secretary of Health. This Sub-Com-
mittee includes in its membership, representatives of Philadelphia County Medical
Society, the Philadelphia Tuberculosis and Health Association, the Division of
Venereal Disease Control of the Department of Public Health, the Division of
Social Protection of the Federal Security Agency, the Council of Social Agencies,
and the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board. This Committee has the active
cooperation of the Philadelphia Police Department, the Municipal Court and their
probation group, and the pharmacists' organization.

The daily newspapers have published articles on venereal diseases, and two
papers with large circulation, have carried excellent editorials. Cooperation has
been secured from at least two of the larger radio stations.

The Philadelphia Tuberculosis and Health Association acts as the local rep-
resentative of the American Social Hygiene Association. It conducts a well
attended Social Hygiene Day program each year in February, acting as host
of the A.S.H.A. in February, 1941, when the national organization's Annual
Meeting was held in the city, including Award of the William Freeman Snow
medal for Distinguished Service to Humanity to Mrs. Sybil Neville-Bolfe. Gen-
eral Director of the British Social Hygiene Council. In 1941 also 98 health



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAKEBS 325

education programs on this subject were given with an attendance of 8,126.
Printed materials on social hygiene is also distributed and social hygiene films
regularly shown before school and other groups.

Social Service Committee, Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends.

The Committee does educational work through conferences and items
in their News Notes. The Friends support effective law enforcement.
Most important social hygiene activity is the Marriage Council which
advises young people and affords a lending library of books and other
material.

Pittsburgh: The General Health Council of Allegheny County is a
Community Fund Agency. Our interests are primarily concerned
with the promotion of public health. This objective is accomplished
by education, planning, forum discussions, and coordination.

"The Pittsburgh Syphilis Control Program promoted by this organization with
the assistance of the Allegheny County Medical Society, and the American Social
Hygiene Association has been functioning actively and efficiently for two years.
This objective was only accomplished after five years of intensive health education
throughout the County. Over 500 individual talks were given to interested groups
covering the whole field of parent-teacher associations, fraternal and service
organizations and others. Frequent use was made of sound movies. As a
natural outgrowth of this service, there is an increasing demand upon the General
Health Council for educational talks and material on the subject of sex hygiene.
These requests come from three main groups: Community houses, older high
school pupils, and parent groups. This latter group seems to be interested in
methods whereby they can educate intelligently children of pre-adoleseent age.
We think this is a gratifying trend, and will continue this type of service.

"Prostitution control is the definite obligation of public agencies. We are
acting in an advisory capacity to certain public and private agencies who are
energetically striving to solve this problem in Allegheny County.

"We have not as yet requested a National Conference on Social Hygiene for
this community. However, the time is fast approaching when such a conference
would be of definite value. More and more local groups are becoming interested
in the implications of a comprehensive Social Hygiene Program."

Pittsburgh Syphilis Control Program. State-aided clinics have
been integrated into this project, which is financed through appro-
priations from the U. S. Public Health Service and the Pittsburgh
Department of Health. Case-finding and case-holding are now
important parts of the program, and follow-up and other services
have been centralized.

Gonorrhea is not a part of the project, but clinics are carried on
in most hospitals, and follow-up service is offered by the City
Bureau of Infectious Diseases.

Newspapers cooperate in the campaign against venereal diseases, and local

radio stations KDKA, WCAE, WJAS, KQV and WWSW have carried talks.

Lectures, pamphlets, sound films, placards, etc., are other channels of public
information.

The City Health and Police Departments have cooperated with the Morals
Court in its drive against organized prostitution. A study is expected to deter-
mine the extent of prostitution and the means for its control. Routine operation
of the Juvenile Court and talks at community houses and other institutions are
means of prevention of sex delinquency.



326 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Educational activities among war industry workers are widespread and
thorough, including health examinations with blood tests; advice and assistance
concerning both syphilis and gonorrhea; talks; movies; and pamphlets which
can be had on request.

In the field of sex education and training for family life, colleges and high
schools are developing gradually. In the school system requests for informational
talks on venereal disease and sex education have been met with tacit approval.

Wilkes-Barre : " Luzerne County Social Hygiene Society and the
State Department of Health have carried on since 1920 a program
in the control of Venereal Disease which adequately takes care
of our community. Our facilities are equal to the need and are
spacious enough to take care of any increased activity, and we
have good public support.

Public information and education is carried on through the Wilkes-Barre news-
papers, through Radio station WBAX, and through lectures to high schools,
hospital training schools, church and service clubs, and distribution of literature.

To repress commercialized prostitution, arrests are made for violation of health
laws by city police. Inmates of houses of prostitution when raided are charged
with violation of health laws and committed to Luzerne County Detention Home,
where medical, mental and social examinations are made and inmates kept until
patient is cured or non-infectious. The Detention Home is directed and supervised
by nurses who do the nursing and social work. This Home has legal protection
and the support of Luzerne County Court.

The Society has the approval of church and family welfare groups in its
efforts, but our local schools and colleges have not yet adopted a program for sex
instruction of training for family life.

We have several established firms in our community, now in war production,
but they are not large enough to bring any great number of persons moving into
the community for employment.

1941 Statistics include:

Number of girls in the Detention Home January 1, 1941 23

Number of girls admitted during the year 181

Number of special Court cases (not admitted to Clinic) 12

216

Total number of girls cared for during the year 532

Average number of girls cared for each month 45

Number of girls discharged during the year 170

Number of girls sent to institutions 35

Number of girls released in care of parents, relatives, guardians, big sisters

and on their honor 135

170

Medical Report (Women)

Syphilis Gonorrhea Chancroid Other Diagnosis Total

18 . 46 1 116 181

Gonorrheal treatments administered by nurses during 1941, 2,708; Home visits,
985; Interviews, 2,965; Lectures, 23; Attendance at lectures, 3,846; Venereal
disease clinics at Detention Home, 106; Jobs and homes secured for girls, 7;
Job and home found for man, 1 ; Number of girls reading books in Library, 577 ;
Number of books read in Library, 858.

Male Patients Luzerne County Prison 1941

Venereal disease examinations made during year, 1,559; Wassermanns taken
during year, 1,167; Number syphilitic infections, 31; Number gonorrhea! infec-
tions, 6."



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 327

Aside from the activities reported above, many other community groups,
in Pennsylvania, especially the Tuberculosis and Health Associations, regularly
conduct social hygiene educational programs or engage in some other aspect of
social hygiene work. Some 37 communities have been reported during the past
year as observing Social Hygiene Day or otherwise cooperating, including the
cities of Scranton, York, Bethlehem, Reading, Chester, Haverford, Hershey and
many others.

In addition to the A.S.H.A. Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting in Philadelphia,
in February, 1941, as above described, when Dr. Keyes, Dr. Snow, and a number
of other officers and staff members were present, " near-neighbor " relations
are regularly maintained between Pennsylvania groups and A.S.H.A. head-
quarters. Recent visitors to Philadelphia, ' Pittsburgh, Harrisburg, Chester and
other points have been Dr. Clarke, Dr. Storey, Mr. Gould, Miss Pinney, Mr. Stenek
and Miss McGrath.



RHODE ISLAND

Population Population rank among states 36

Urban 653,383 A.S.H.A. members in state 34

Rural 59,963

713,346

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Providence: Rhode Island Anti-Syphilis Committee: Chairman, Henry D. Sharpe,
Box 1385, Providence.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Herbert F. Gramstorff, 26 Custom
House St., Providence.

Civitan International: Lt. Governor, New England District, A. W. Hughes,
M.D., Greenville Avenue, Greenville.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Rhode Island Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Newton P.
Leonard, 973 Broad Street, Providence; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mary
Basso, 153 Wesleyan Avenue, Providence.

Rhode Island Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Miss
Edith L. Mason, 86 Danner Eoad, Providence.

Rhode Island Medical Society: President, Charles F. Gormly, M.D., Provi-
dence: Secretary, W. P. Buffum, M.D., 122 Waterman Street, Providence.

Rhode Island Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Louise White, 42 Wey-
bosset Street, Providence; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health
Nursins, Grace C. O'Neill, 87 Crescent Street, Providence.

Rhode Island Social Workers Club: President, Ray Simmonds, Court House,
Provirlonce.

Rhode Island Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Willis E. Chandler,
139 Mathewson Street. Providence.

Rhode Island Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, Rm. 39, 75
Westminster St., Providence. In charge, Mrs. Marjorie G. Northrup; Presi-
dent, Mrs. Mary N. Eldridge.

Rotary International:*

United Service Organizations, Region I: See Massachusetts.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region I: See Massachusetts.
Rhode Island State Council of Defense: Director, Col. E. C. Webster, Armory
of Mounted Commands, N. Main St., Providence.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



328 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Rhode Island State Department of Education: Director of Education, James F.

Rockett, Providence.
Rhode Island State Department of Public Health: State Director of Public

Health, Edward A. McLaughlin, M.D., Providence; Venereal Disease Control

Officer, H. J. Connor, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:
Bristol, Newport, Pawtucket, Providence (3), Wakefield, Wiekford, Woonsocket.

Rhode Island State Department of Social Welfare: Director, Vincent Sorren-

tino, 40 Fountain Street, Providence.
U. S. Army, First Corps Area: See Massachusetts.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,

H. O. Stuart; State Home Demonstration Leader, Sara E. Coyne, Rhode Island

State College, Kingston.
U. S. Navy, First District: Venereal Disease Control Officer, Lt. Comdr. E. 0.

Smith, Naval Training Station, Newport. See also Massachusetts.
U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Center, Henry B. Van Hoosen, Brown University, Providence.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director District I, see New York; for

Liaison Officer, First Army Corps Area, see Massachusetts.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Mrs. Margaret N. Staley, 17 Custom House Street, Providence.

Rhode Island Department of Health, Providence. All official vener-
eal disease control work is conducted by the Bureau of Preventable
Diseases in the State Department of Health.

There are seven State-supported or State-supervised venereal disease clinics
located strategically throughout the State. Our personnel for finding and
treating cases of gonorrhea and syphilis, at the present time consists of a
medical Director and three assistants working from the main office. There are
also three physicians located in the outlying districts who devote part-time to
epidemiological work. In addition, in several of the cities and towns located
near the Army and Naval establishments, local physicians have been engaged
to examine suspected cases for venereal diseases. Also, laboratories have been
set-up to perform a gonorrheal culture on these cases. Close cooperation exists
between this Department, the State police and local police in cities and towns.
The state, city and town police departments have been very active in suppressing
commercialized prostitution and cooperating with us towards this end.

The newspapers in this State are cooperating in our campaign against the
venereal diseases. We have two radio stations who have been generous in
donating free time for our radio talks. Our educational program has been
strengthened by the formation of three district health units throughout the
State that serve as branch offices of the State Department of Health. The
District Health Officers in these units have been very active in presenting
lectures and moving pictures on the subject of venereal disease control. Legisla-
tion has been enacted in regard to premarital and prenatal blood tests for syphilis.

On Social Hygiene Day, February 4, 1942, radio talks were given on station
WPRO, Providence, Rhode Island and WFCI, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. In
addition, some publicity was given to the day by the newspapers. The civilian
organizations in Rhode Island have provided various types of wholesome enter-
tainment for the personnel in the Army and Navy establishments. This
Department places a great deal of emphasis on locating and placing under
treatment the source of infection. Every effort is made to obtain this informa-
tion through the social workers in the clinics and through personal interviews
by our staff.

A campaign is now being carried on to obtain more information from the
private physicians on their cases, as we feel that at the present time considerable
improvement can be made in this group.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 329

A.S.H.A. visitors to Providence and Newport during the past year included
Mr. Gould and Miss Pinney. Health officials and voluntary groups took part
in the New England Regional Conference held in Boston on Sixth National
Social Hygiene Day, February, 1942.



SOUTH CAROLINA

Population Population rank among states 25

Urban 466,111 A.S.H.A. members in state 20

Eural 1,433,693

1,899^04

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, B. T. Fairey, P. O. Box 355, Columbia.
Civitan International: Lt. Governor, Carolinas District, J. W. Little, Myrtle

Beach; S. E. Pridgen, Mullins; M. L. MeEae, 88 Broad Street, Charleston.
Kiwanis International:*
Lions International:*
Palmetto State Teachers Association: John P. Burgess, Orangeburg; C. V.

Bing, Allendale.
Rotary International:*
South Carolina Conference of Social Work: Executive Secretary, Adele Johnston

Minahan, 1119 Barnwell St., Columbia.
South Carolina Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. John Mor-

rall, Beaufort; Social Hygiene Chairman, Leon Banoy, M.D., Charleston.
South Carolina Council for National Defense: Director, G. Heyward Mahon,

New State Office Bldg., Columbia.
South Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Miss

Mary E. Frayser, Winthrop College, Eoek Hill.
South Carolina Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Joe Mulieri, 50 Broad

Street, Charleston.
South Carolina Medical Association: President, Thomas A. Pitts, M.D., Columbia;

Secretary, Julian P. Price, M.D., 105 W. Cheves Street, Florence.
South Carolina Nurses Association: Executive Secretary, Nellie C. Cunningham,

306 Carolina Life Bldg., Columbia; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section,

Euby Wallace, County Health Department, Spartanburg.
South Carolina Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. Chauneey

B. McDonald, 1208 Bull Street, Columbia.

South Carolina Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, Edge-
field. President, Mrs. J. L. Mims.
United Service Organizations, Region VII: See Georgia.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region VII: See Georgia.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region VII: See Alabama.
South Carolina Council of National Defense: Director, Major G. Heyward

Mahon, 102 Wade Hampton Office Bldg., Columbia.
South Carolina State Board of Health: State Health Officer, James A. Hayne,

M.D., Columbia; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, Sedgwiek

Simons, M.D.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



330 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abbeville, Adams Run (2), Aiken, Allendale, Anderson, Andrews, Awendaw (4),
Ballentine, Bamberg, Barnwell, Batesburg, Beaufort, Bennettsville, Bethune,
Big State, Bishopville, Blaney, Bluffton, Blythewood, Camden, Carlisle, Charles-
ton (5), Cheraw, Chester, Chesterfield, Clemson, Clinton, Clio, Columbia, Conway,
Cross, Cross Hill, Darlington, Denmark, Dillon, Donalds, Easley, Eastover, Edge-
field, Edisto Island, Estill, Florence, Fort Mill, Fort Motte, Fountain Inn,
Gaffney, Garnett, Georgetown, Good Hope, Greelyville, Green Pond, Green-
ville (3), Greenwood, Hampton, Hardeeville, Hartsville, Hemingway, Hiltonhead
Island, Hopkins, Irmo, James Island, John's Island (5), Johnston, Kershaw,
Kingstree, Kingville, Lake View, Lamar, Lancaster, Latta, Laurens, Levy,
Lexington, Liberty Hill, Lone Star, Loris, Loundsville, Lowrys, Lynchburg,
McClellanville, McColl, McCormick, Manning, Marion, Martins, Martins Point,
Meeting Street Road, Meggetts, Midland Park, Moneks Corner, Mullins, Mt.
Pleasant, Myers, Myrtle Beach, Newberry, Orangeburg, Pageland, Parker's Ferry,
Parris Island, Pawley's Island, Pickens, Pineville, Pontiac, Rantowles, Eavenel,
Richburg, Ridgeland, Ridge Spring, Ruffin, St. George, St. Matthews, Saluda,
Santee, Seneca, Sheldon, Society Hill, Spartanburg (3), Summerville, Sumter (2),
Union (2), Van Wyck, Varnville, Wadmalaw, Wagener, Walhalla, Walterboro,
Wando, West Columbia, Westminster, Wiunsboro, Woodruff, Yemassee, York.

South Carolina State Department of Education: Superintendent of Education,
James H. Hope, Columbia; State Agent for Negro Schools, J. B. Felton.

South Carolina State Department of Public Welfare: State Director, Thomas
H. Daniel, Columbia.

U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
D. W. Watkins, Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina, Clemson;
State Home Demonstration Leader, Lonny I. Laudrum, Winthrop College,
Rock Hill.

U. S. Navy, Sixth District: The Commandant, Headquarters, Charleston; Ve-
nereal Disease Control Officers, Lieut. K. H. Smith (MC-V.) ; Lt. Comdr.
Samuel R. Brown (MC), Marine Barracks, Parris Island.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers, Prof. Mark B. Bradley, Clemson Agricultural Col-
lege, Clemson; Mrs. Thelma Nix, State Agricultural and Mechanical College,
Orangeburg; W. H. Ward, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

U. S. Public Health Service: State Venereal Disease Control Consultants: P. A.
Surgeon Clarence A. Smith, Riehland County Health Department, Columbia;



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