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Assistant Surgeon George E. Parkhurst, Charleston County Health Dept.,
Charleston. For Director, District IV, see Louisiana; for Liaison Officer,
Fourth Army Corps Area, see Georgia.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service. Program,
Mrs. Margaret D. Davies, 1400 Pendleton Street, Columbia.

State Board of Health of South Carolina, Columbia. In this State
it is considered that we have in operation a fairly complete program
of venereal disease control in all of the forty-six counties, and
that considerable improvement has been effected. This program is
applicable to the five venereal diseases and includes the four funda-
mental essentials: namely, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology, and
public education. In addition to several municipally operated treat-
ment centers, clinics are conducted either by or under the immediate
supervision of the County Health Departments.

Laboratory diagnostic facilities are available to all physicians and other
citizens of the State without cost and all specimens are examined in the Hygienic
Laboratory of the State Board of Health in Columbia, S. C. Clinical diagnostic
services by the County Health Departments are available to the patients of all
private practitioners earing to refer them for such work, to all indigents, all
transients, and in all instances of emergency. Likewise, venerological treatment



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 331

and facilities are maintained by the County Health Departments for the benefit
of all such persons.

Epidemiologic activities are carried out by County Health Departmental
workers, principally nurses, to an extent commensurate with the size of available
personnel. In this respect very decided expansion and improvement has been
noted. The confidential services of County Health nurses are made available to
private practitioners for epidemiological activities in their private practice and
among contacts of their cases. Physicians are also supplied with all necessary
clerical materials.

Specific venerological drugs are furnished private practitioners and clinics to
the extent requested by them and without any cost whatever. Clinics are also
supplemented with varied essential technical supplies and equipment.

The Division of Venereal Disease Control comprises Director, Medical Consul-
tant, State Consultant Nurse, and non-medical Technical Assistant, together
with a reasonably adequate clerical staff. Under this set-up a consultant,
advisory, and general promotional service is maintained throughout the State for
private practitioners and for clinics.

Public educational measures are pursued through the press, the radio, printed
materials, lectures, projectoscopic presentations, and the other conventionally
recognized channels of dissemination.

Personnel and material facilities are heavily concentrated in the several War
areas throughout the State in which the program is thereby intensified. The
Division cooperates with the Division of Social Protection of the Federal Security
Agency, with the armed forces, with local social scientific and law enforcement
Agencies in a preventive quota of the repression of prostitution.

The State Board of Health through this Division also is operating cooperatively
with the Works Progress Administration in the pursuance of a WPA financed
supplemental State-wide Venereal Disease Control Project. And, in addition, the
State Board of Health continuously operates in close cooperation with Selective
Service Authorities in securing laboratory tests and treatment of infected
registrants. Among other things, the State Board of Health furnishes Selective
Service Authorities with all essential supplies and equipment necessary to the
collection and reference of specimens of blood for serological testing.

During the closing days of their 1942 Session the General Assembly enacted a
very comprehensive and exclusive law designed to further the adequate repression
of prostitution. However, in this State, premarital and prenatal examination
laws have not been realized.

Although anti-neisserian work is considerably less concentrated in its pursuance
throughout the State as compared with antiluetic procedures, by reason of the
fact that the inclusion of gonorrhea work as an integral component has been
effected only within the past twelve months, it is our opinion that the program
in this State has been greatly expanded during the past four or five years, and
that much ground has been gained.



The A.S.H.A. served as consultant in drafting the new prostitution law above
referred to, Mr. Gould spending some time at Columbia for this purpose.



332 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE



SOUTH DAKOTA

Population Population rank among states 38

Urban 158,087 A.S.H.A. members in state 26

Eural 484,874

642,961

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, J. D. Mullaney, Watertown.

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Rotary International:*

South Dakota Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. J. C. Lepler,
Watertown; Social Hygiene Chairman, A. Triolo, M.D., State Board of Health,
Pierre.

South Dakota Federation of Women's Clubs:

South Dakota Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Wade Gehringer,
Mobridge.

South Dakota State Medical Association: President, N. J. Nessa, M.D., Sioux
Falls; Secretary, Clarence E. Sherwood, M.D., Madison.

South Dakota Nurses Association: Secretary, Katherine McKillop, Methodist
State Hospital, Mitchell ; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section, Loretta
Kopel, Deadwood.

South Dakota State Conference of Social Work: President, John Unseem, De-
partment of Sociology and Social Work, University of South Dakota,
Vermillion.

South Dakota Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Mrs. H. H. Hold-
ridge, Camp Wanzert, Silver City.

South Dakota Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Mary S.
Lyman, Mt. Vernon.

United Service Organizations, Region VIII: See Illinois.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region VIII: See Minnesota.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,

Region VIII: See Minnesota.
South Dakota Council of Defense: Chairman, Col. E. A. Beckwith, care the

Adjutant General's Office, Eapid City.

South Dakota Department of Social Security: Director, C. H. McCay, Pierre.
South Dakota State Board of Health: State Superintendent of Health, J. P.

D. Cook, M.D., Pierre; Venereal Disease Control Officer, G. J. Van Heuvelen.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Sioux Falls.

In addition to the clinic listed, the addresses of physicians giving treatment
for venereal diseases under the state plan may be obtained from state,
county and municipal officers.

South Dakota State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public In-
struction, J. F. Hines, Pierre.

U. S. Army, Seventh Corps Area: See Nebraska.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
John V. Hepler; State Home Demonstration Leader, Nora M. Hott, South
Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Brookings.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMABEES 333

U. S. Navy, Ninth District: See Illinois.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for

War Information Centers, H. D. Stallings, South Dakota State College of

Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Brookings; Jack C. Morris, University of

South Dakota, Vermillion.
U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District VII, see Missouri; for

Liaison Officer, Seventh Army Corps Area, see Nebraska.
Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,

Ethel M. Dowdell, Mitchell.

State Board of Health, Pierre. " From the period beginning Jan-
uary 1, 1941, to December 31, 1941, there were 640 cases of syphilis
reported to the State Board of Health as receiving treatment. Our
most recent figure, then, indicates an incidence of 108 cases per
100,000 population.

"The Department of Health has sponsored no clinics up to the present. There
are a few areas in the state with sufficient population to justify clinics, but
for the major portion the idea has appeared unsound economically and and func-
tionally. The policy adopted here has been strictly that of inducing the people
to consult their own physicians. Only in a few instances has treatment been
given in our health units, and then only at the request of the physician in
charge. We have told the public what to expect from the physicians, adhering
closely to the recommendations of the most recently reported effective means
of treatment.

"The state laboratory is prepared to furnish Wassermaim examinations on
all blood samples sent in from points within the state. The Kahn reaction is
run as a matter of routine check. These tests are performed without charge
to the patient or the physician submitting them.

"The anti-syphilitic drugs supplied through the department to everyone,
regardless of his financial status, are purchased in accordance with the recommen-
dations published by the United States Public Health Service. Those furnished
are standard brands of neo-arsphenamine, bismuth subsalicylate in peanut oil,
a compound of bismuth and arsenic for intramuscular use and a trivalent
arsenical. The bismuth and arsenic compound is furnished to facilitate treat-
ment in children where venipuneture is difficult.

"Follow-up service is furnished insofar as is possible through our health
units, the public health nurses, and the central office. Specialized social service
work along this line would be highly valuable but would require more money
than could well be appropriated. The unit price of visits, due mainly to our
'great distances,' would be far beyond the unit value. It is only fair, how-
ever, to state that those 'great distances,' in themselves, tend to curb the
pandemic nature of syphilis.

"Additional work has been carried on through contacts with physicians
throughout the state. These contacts tend to stress the relation of the physi-
cian and the public health offices. Educational films have been shown to the
physicians in different places in the state, the theme of which emphasizes the
importance of treatment. Treatment in turn then produces a report in the
Health Department, which produces results to the mutual benefit of all concerned.

"After the introduction of the social security program, lay education has
been stressed. Lectures are given, accompanied by movies, on the nature and
prevention of syphilis. The film produced by the United States Public Health
Service has been received satisfactorily and has produced the desired reaction.
There has been a marked tendency among local officials who make arrange-
ments for the showing of the film or lectures on syphilis to carefully segregate
the sexes, in spite of repeated suggestions that such should not be done. The
question has been attacked more openly and far more lasting educational
results have been noticed in those places where combined groups have attended
the discussion.



334 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

"The physicians within the state have developed a keen interest in treating
syphilis and on the whole those patients coming to their attention are receiving
adequate care."

In addition to the regular peacetime program, full-time health units have
been or are being organized for the various areas near Army camps and posts.
There is no war industry in the state.



TENNESSEE

Population Population rank among states 15

Urban 1,027,206 A.8.H.A. members in state 52

Enrol 1,888,635

2,915,841

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees

Chattanooga: Social Hygiene Committee, Chattanooga Health Council: Secretary,
Mrs. Lapsley Hope, Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Chattanooga.

Nashville: Social Hygiene Committee, Nashville Council of Community Agencies:
Chairman, Dr. E. L. Turner, Meharry Medical School, Nashville.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Guy H. May, War Memorial Bldg.,

Nashville.
Civitan International: District Governor, Tennessee-Southwest Virginia Dis-

trict ; Hagan Stevens, Bristol.
Kiwams Club of Chattanooga, Committee on Public Health: Chairman, George

Johnson, Chattanooga.
Lions International:*
Rotary International:*
Tennessee Conference of Social Work: President, M. W. Brabham, P. O. Box

246, Chattanooga.
Tennessee Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. K. B. Gordon,

University Center, Memphis; Social Hygiene Chairman, Mrs. J. T. Jones,

Hixson.
Tennessee Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. M.

E. Dement, 305 Glenwood Drive, Chattanooga.
Tennessee Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Clyde Carpenter, P. O.

Box 814, Knoxville.
Tennessee Nurses Association: General Secretary, Mrs. Lueile H. Marshall,

1002 Cotton States Bldg., Nashville; Chairman, Public Health Nursing Section,

Mrs. Thelma Anderson Hubbard, Mayfair Avenue, Nashville.
Tennessee State Medical Association: President, James B. Stanford, M.D.,

Memphis; Secretary, H. H. Shoulders, M.D., 706 Church Street, Nashville.
Tennessee Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, James P. Kranz,

Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Nashville.
Tennessee Woman's Christian Temperance Union: President, Mrs. Minnie Ali

son Welch, Virginia Apts., No. 4, Chattanooga.
United Service Organizations, Region VII: See Georgia.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region VII: See Georgia.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region VII: See Alabama.

Tennessee State Defense Council: Coordinator, Will K. Manier, Jr., State Capi-
tol Bldg., Nashville.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMARIES 335

Tennessee State Department of Education: Commissioner of Education, B. O.

Duggan, Nashville; Director, Division of Negro Education, W. E. Turner.
Tennessee State Department of Public Health: Commissioner of Health, W. C.

Williams, M.D., Nashville; Director, Division of Preventable Diseases, C. B.

Tucker, M.D.; Venereal Disease Control Officer, U. S. Public Health Service,

Wilson T. Sowder, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Alamo, Arlington (2), Athens, Bailey, Bake well, Barretville, Bartlett, Bells,
Benjestown, Bickford, Berclair, Bethlehem, Blountville, Bolivar, Bolton, Bridge-
water, Bristol, Brunswick, Byrdstown, Capleville, Celina, Centerville, Chatta-
nooga (6), Clarksville, Cleveland, Clinton, College Grove, Collierville, Columbia,
Cordova, Covington, Crossville, Cuba, Danbridge, Dayton, Decatur, Decaturville,
Dresden, Dunlap, Dyer, Dyersburg, Eads, Elizabethton, Ellendale (2), Erin,
Erwin (2), Etowah, Fairview, Fayetteville, Fisherville, Forest Hill (2), Franklin,
Friendship, Gainesboro, Gallatin, Geeter, Germantown, Greeneville, Greenfield,
Hacks Cross Boad, Halls, Hamners, Hartsville, Hendersonville, Hilderbrands,
Hixson, However, Humboldt, Huntingdon, Jackson, Jamestown, Jefferson City,
Jellico, Johnson City, Jonesboro, Kenton, Kerrville, Kingsport, Kingston, Knox-
ville (5), LaFollette, Lebannon, Lewisburg, Lexington, Livingston, Locke, Lucy,
MeMinnville, Madisonville, Manchester, Martin, Maryville, Mason, Medina,
Memphis (6), Milan, Millington (3), Morristown, Moscow, Mountain City, Mt.
Pisgah, Murfreesboro, Nashville (5), Newport, Nolensville, Oak Grove, Oakland,
Oakville, Oberles, Ooltewah, Paris, Parsons, Peaks Bells, Pelham, Pesthouse,
Pikeville, Porters, Portland, Pulaski, Raleigh, Ridgely. Riggins, Ripley, Rock-
wood, Rogersville, Rossville, Saltillo, Sanderlins, Savannah, Sevierville, Sharon,
Shelbyville, Smyrna, Soddy, Somervtlle, Springhill Church, Summit, Sweetwater,
Tiptonville, Tracy City, Trenton, Tullahoma, Tully Station, Union City, Wart-
burg, Waverly, Weaver, West Junction, Westmoreland, White Station, Win-
chester, Woodstock.

Tennessee State Department of Public Welfare: Commissioner, Paul Savage,

Nashville.

U. S. Army, Fourth Corps Area: See Georgia.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
C. E. Brehm; State Home Demonstration Leader, Margaret A. Ambrose, Col-
lege of Agriculture, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

U. S. Navy, Eighth District: See Louisiana.

U. S. Office of Education, Civilian Morale Service: To receive material for
War Information Centers, Gordon Siefkin, Southwestern College, Memphis;
L. H. Daniel, Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial State Teachers College,
Nashville; Mary Louise Ogden, University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Dr. A. F.
Kuhlman, Vanderbilt University, Nashville.

U. S. Public Health Service: For Director, District IV, see Louisiana; for
Liaison Officer, Fourth Army Corps Area, see Georgia.

Work Projects Administration: State Director of Community Service Program,
Mrs. Betty H. Luck, 316 Stahlman Bldg., Nashville.

Tennessee Department of Public Health, Nashville. During 1941,
neoarsphenamine and bismuth were distributed free to the 183
clinics in the State and, subject to receipt of case reports, to private
physicians. Sulfathiazole to the extent of 138,500 grams was fur-
nished to the clinics for the treatment of gonorrhea. On April 1, a
new director of the Venereal Disease Control Service was appointed
and on October 16 an Associate Director was appointed. A director
and an epidemiological nurse were appointed for the Knoxville
Venereal Disease Control Program in September and October.
Similar appointments were made during November and December
for the newly-organized cooperative Venereal Disease Control Pro-
gram with the City of Nashville.



336 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

In relation to military establishments, three new county health units were
organized and a Camp Forrest Health District was set up in the last six months
of 1941. Special measures for control were instituted during the Second Army
Maneuvers. The City of Knoxville passed ordinances for the control of venereal
diseases modeled after the May Act. A request that the May Act itself be
invoked in certain areas of the State was made in October. This was done
because state statutes on prostitution were found to be inadequate to cope
with the situation. Since then the local authorities in 36 counties concerned have
requested of the Governor that the May Act be applied. Application was made
by Secretary of War Stimson on May 21, 1942, Tennessee thus becoming the
first state to take this step. Revision of state laws on prostitution is proposed for
the next legislative session.

Cooperating with State Selective Service Headquarters, the central and five
branch laboratories of the State Department of Public Health performed all
serologic tests for syphilis. The results were relayed to the health officers in
67 counties. Each was then required to report quarterly on the treatment status
of selectees. The data were placed on punch cards and analyzed. Thus far
almost 60 per cent were found to be under treatment on the reporting dates.
In many counties the health officers assist the local boards by taking all blood
specimens and supervising treatment rehabilitation.

On July 1, 1941, the premarital law went into effect, requiring physical
examination for communicable diseases in both parties and submission of blood
specimens to one of the six State laboratories or the 43 state-certified private
and municipal laboratories. Taking of specimens for gonorrhea and estimate
of infectiousness are left to the discretion of the examining physician. Of the
first 12,906 blood specimens submitted, 422 (3.27 per cent) gave positive results.

Throughout 1941 the program advanced steadily in Chattanooga in the vicinity
of Fort Oglethorpe. Emphasis was placed on clinic staffs reducing the case-
holding problem by focusing attention on the new patient. In Memphis- Shelby
County the aspects of prostitution abatement in the Venereal Disease Control
Program were reported in the October, 1941, Journal of Social Hygiene.



As Tennessee was the first state to ask that the May Act be invoked, social
hygiene workers have watched results with interest. An investigation made
some ten days after the Act was applied allowed greatly improved conditions
in the 27 counties involved, but it is evident that such action must be accom-
panied by thorough and wide-spread education of community law enforcement
officials and the general public, if such improvement is to be more than
temporary.

Among A.S.H.A. visitors to Chattanooga, Nashville and Knoxville in recent
months have been Mr. Stenek, Miss McGrath and Mr. Howell.



TEXAS

Population Population rank among states 6

Urban 2,911,389 A.S.H.A. members in state 99

Rural 3,503,435

6,414,824

Social Hygiene Societies and Committees
None.

Other Voluntary Agencies

American Legion: Department Adjutant, Fred E. Young, 908 Tribune Bldg.,

Austin.
Civitan International: District Governor, Texas District, W. N. Tolleson, 1209

Republic Bank Bldg., Dallas.



STATE AND COMMUNITY SUMMAEIES 337

Kiwanis International:*

Lions International:*

Rotary International:*

State Medical Association of Texas: President, Judson L. Taylor, M.D., Hous-
ton; Secretary, Holman Taylor, M.D., 1404 W. El Paso Street, Fort Worth.

Texas Congress of Parents and Teachers: President, Mrs. Joe A. Wessendorff,
Richmond; Social Hygiene Chairman, Elizabeth McGuire, State Health Depart-
ment, Austin.

Texas Council of Church Women: President, Mrs. E. Cecil Seaman, 1516 Tyler
Street, Amarillo.

Texas Federation of Women's Clubs: Chairman Public Welfare, Mrs. H. B.
Sowers, 4618 San Jacinto, Dallas.

Texas Junior Chamber of Commerce: President, Fred Morgan, 709-713 Nixon
Building, Corpus Christi.

Texas Nurses Association: General Secretary, A. Louise Dietrich, 1001 E. Ne-
vada Street, El Paso; Secretary, State Organization for Public Health
Nursing, Faye Pannell, City Health Department, San Antonio.

Texas Social Welfare Association: Executive Secretary, Arthur O. Morehead,
P. O. Box 1184, Austin.

Texas State Teachers Association: Charles H. Tennyson, 410 East Weather-
ford Street, Fort Worth.

Texas Tuberculosis Association: Executive Secretary, Pansy Nichols, 700
Brazos Street, Austin.

Texas Woman's Christian Temperance Union: Headquarters, 1112 W. 9th St.,
Austin. President, Mrs. Claude de Van Watts.

United Service Organizations, Region X: Representative, Harry Herbert, 310
National Bank of Commerce Bldg., San Antonio.

Official Agencies

National Youth Administration, Region X: Regional Director of Youth Per-
sonnel, C. P. Little, Jr., 714 Brown Bldg., Austin.

Social Protection Section, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services,
Region X: Supervisor, Whitcomb M. Allen; Representatives, Howard M.
Flutes, Fred K. Kearney, North Presa and East Houston Sts., San Antonio.

Texas Committee for National Defense: Chairman, Coke K. Stevenson, Austin,
Texas.

Texas State Department of Education: Superintendent of Public Instruction,
L. A. Woods, Austin; Director of Negro Education, Gordon Worley.

Texas State Department of Health: State Health Officer, George W. Cox, M.D.,
Austin; Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, A. M. Clarkson, M.D.

Clinics or Cooperating Clinicians at:

Abilene, Arlington, Atlanta, Austin, Bay City, Beaumont, Beeville, Bessmay,
Big Spring, Boston, Brownfield, Brownsville, Brownwood, Bryan, Call, Cameron,
Canutillo, Clint, Coleman, Commerce, Cooper, Corpus Christi, Corsicana, Crockett,
Crystal City, Dallas (2), DeKalb, Del Eio, Deweyville, Edinburg, El Paso,
Fabens, Fort Worth, Gainesville, Galveston, Greenville, Harlingeu, Hearn, Hills-
boro, Houston (3), Jasper, Kirbyville, Kountz, Lamesa, Laredo, Liberty, Linden,
Longview, Mansfield, Maud, McAllen, McKinney, Midland, Mineral Wells, New
Boston, Newton, Odessa, Palacios, Pampa, Port Arthur, Port Isabel, Port Labaeo,
Raymondville, Robstown, Sabinal, San Angelo, San Antonio, San Augustine,
San Benito, San Elizario, Shamrock, Socorro, Teague, Texarkana, Tyler, Uvalde,
Victoria, Waco, Waxahachie, Weatherford, Weslaco, Wharton, Wheeler, Wichita
Falls, Wiergate, Woodville, Ysleta.

Texas State Department of Public Welfare: Executive Director, J. S. Murchi-
son, Austin.

U. S. Army, Eighth Corps Area: Headquarters, Fort Sam Houston, San An-
tonio; Venereal Disease Control Officer, Major Leonard A. Dewey.

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service: State Extension Director,
H. H. Williamson; State Home Demonstration Leader, Mildred F. Horton,
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station.

* See page 239 for national headquarters.



338 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 44 of 71)