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intensified problems of social hygiene to which modern war-
fare and wide distribution of military and naval forces
inevitably give rise in every community concerned. Neither
was the Federal Government equipped to deal with these
problems or to give leadership and specific aid to the states.
Nevertheless, by the end of the first year, October 1940,
encouraging progress had been made. Here and there
states like Minnesota and Wisconsin, military training centers
affecting limited areas, like Fort Benning in relation to
Georgia and Alabama, individual posts or naval stations like
Pensacola had made notable demonstrations of what could
be accomplished by adaptation and vigorous application of
measures developed and tested during the first World War
and the intervening years. Other states and cities, through
lack of interest and inaction, had permitted demonstrations of
how rapidly the underworld and selfish citizen interests could
organize and expand commercialized prostitution and related
evils to the detriment of the health, welfare, and efficiency
of both military and civilian populations. At the Federal
level an eight-point agreement had been reached by the
Army, Navy and Public Health Service.*

* An Agreement by the War and Navy Departments, the Federal Security
Agency, and State Health Departments on Measures for the Control of the
Venereal Diseases in Areas Where Armed Forces or National Defense Employees
Are Concentrated. Adopted also by the Conference of State and Territorial
Health Officers, May, 1940, and endorsed by the American Social Hygiene Asso-
ciation as the national voluntary agency chiefly concerned.

428



EDITORIAL 429

The second year witnessed the launching of the Selective
Service System ; a continuous struggle for official recognition
and public support of the essential public health and medical
program for combating the venereal diseases, and the pro-
gram adopted for the new Social Protection Section of the
Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services. The third
year saw the further development of the campaign against
prostitution on a nation-wide scale, and expansion of construc-
tive programs for recreation and the safeguarding of leisure
time activities for men and women. The steadily increasing
influence of these activities is shown in the graphic summary
of the American Social Hygiene Association's extensive field
studies (Figures 1, 2 and 3 in frontispiece).

Now, at the beginning of the fourth year, we are ready for
emphasis on the social protection program to prevent young
girls and women from being drawn into commercialized pros-
titution, and to provide facilities for the rehabilitation of
those already victimized. The Federal Social Protection Sec-
tion has undertaken leadership on this front. Its activities
have been correlated with state and local programs; and it
is receiving support from the other administrative units of
the government concerned.

The articles in this number of the JOURNAL deal largely
with this new development. With such work thoroughly
established and flanked by strong health and medical activities
on one side, and equally strong police and court activities
on the other, we will have the united social hygiene front
which is necessary for rapid progress this winter.

Along witji these immediate objectives of official and
voluntary agencies, the long range educational and public
informational program of the American Social Hygiene
Association and its affiliates must be kept in view and pro-
moted with increasing assurance that we will emerge from
the war period with official as well as voluntary activities
on a permanent basis in this field of health, welfare and
education.

WILLIAM F. SNOW, M.D.,

Chairman, Executive Committee,

American Social Hygiene Association



NATIONAL EVENTS

National Advisory Police Committee on Social Protection Formed.

As indicated in the article The New Offensive Along the Police Front
by Director Eliot Ness, Social Protection Section, Office of Defense
Health and Welfare Services, an important new group has joined
the ranks of the national agencies attacking the racket of commercial-
ized prostitution. The National Advisory Police Committee on Social
Protection, made up of 21 outstanding police officials from 15 states,
with representatives of the Army, Navy, Public Health Service,
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Office of Defense Health and Wel-
fare Services, and the American Social Hygiene Association, was
established in June by Administrator Paul V. McNutt to assist in
the carrying out of the government's social protection program and
to develop new and effective techniques of law enforcement in the
repression of prostitution in the states and communities. The com-
mittee held its first meeting in Washington on June 30th, with
Charles P. Taft, Assistant Director, Office of Defense Health and
Welfare Services, acting as chairman, and speakers including
Governor McNutt, Mr. Ness; Brigadier General Larry B. McAfee
and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Turner of the Surgeon General's
Office, U. S. Army; Captain Charles S. Stephenson and Commander
John L. Reynolds of the U. S. Navy; Edward A. Tamm, Assistant
to the Director, FBI ; Surgeon General Thomas Parran and Assistant
Surgeon General R. A. Vonderlehr of the United States Public
Health Service; Donald S. Leonard, Captain, Michigan State Police
and President of the International Association of Chiefs of Police;
and Superintendent Edward J. Kelly of the Rhode Island State
Police and Executive Secretary of the IACP.

Members of the Special Committees mentioned on p. 367 were
appointed as follows:

Committee on Enforcement for Repression of Prostitution: Chairman, Edward
J. Kelly; Captain Bhoda Milliken, Metropolitan Police Department, Washington,
D. C.; Frank V. Cullitan, prosecuting attorney, Cuyahoga County, Cleveland;
Chief John F. Woods, Norfolk, Va.; Chief Trion A. Eiley, Birmingham, Ala.
(represented at this meeting by Assistant Chief E. L. Hollums) ; Superintendent
George Eeyer, New Orleans (represented by Captain James Cripps) ; Sheriff
Fred Sperber, Hamilton County, Cincinnati; Director Homer V. Garrison, Jr.,
Texas State Department of Public Safety; and Chief John L. Sullivan, Pittsfield,
Mass.

i Committee on Enforcement for Prevention of Prostitution: Chairman, Joseph T.
Owens, chief of police, Rome, N. Y.; Chief Eleanore Hutzel, Women's Division,
Detroit police department; Chief Peter F. Brady, Harrison, N. J.; Chief Charles
W. Dullea, San Francisco; Chief A. E. Kimberling, Louisville, Ky.; L. P.
Anderson, director of safety, San Antonio; Superintendent Don J. Stiver, Indiana
State Police; Commissioner Lewis J. Valentine, New York City (represented by
Chief Inspector John J. O'Connell); and Dr. William F. Snow, American Social
Hygiene Association.

430



NATIONAL EVENTS 431

Committee on Police Cooperation: Chairman, Donald S. Leonard, captain, Michi-
gan State Police and president of IACP; Chief Fred A. Koff, Morristown, N. J. ;
Chief Boy Larson, Orlando, Fla. ; Bruce Smith, Institute of Public Administra-
tion, New York City; Lieut. F. M. Kreml, director of IACP Safety Division; and
Alice C. Pitcher, office manager, IACP Headquarters.

Dr. William F. Snow, Chairman ASHA Executive Committee, and
Dr. Walter Clarke, ASHA Executive Director, are members of the
National Advisory Committee. It is planned to expand membership
to include a representative of police from each state.

On July 24th, the Committee on Police Cooperation, reporting to
the National Committee, called on police and law enforcement officials
throughout the country to stamp out prostitution. President Leonard
declared that the war emergency makes it imperative that law enforce-
ment bodies recognize their responsibility and exercise leadership in
initiating a realistic enforcement program for controlling prostitution.
The policy of regulation and toleration of prostitution still practiced
in some communities is inimical to the health and welfare of the
nation, he reported. In addition the Committee stated that more^
attention should be given by law-enforcement officials to the prevj
tion of prostitution and to the social and economic rehabilitation of
the girls arrested.

International Association of Chiefs of Police
inN4w Yurk. The executive heads of municipal, state and Federal
law enforcement agencies throughout the United States and Canada
met at a three-day War Conference of the International Association
of Chiefs of Police in New York City, Hotel Pennsylvania, September
21-23, 1942, this being the 49th Annual Conference of the Association.
In attendance were 750 or more chiefs of state and local police
jurisdictions. All sessions of the Conference were devoted exclusively
to discussions of police wartime measures.

On Wednesday, September 23d, the morning session, was given
over to consideration of various social protection problems directly
related to law enforcement, including the repression and prevention
of prostitution and the Eight-Point Program for Venereal Disease
Control adopted jointly by the Army, Navy, U. S. Public Health
Service, the Federal Security Agency, and the American Social
Hygiene Association representing voluntary agencies; and endorsed
by the International Association of Police Chiefs, the National Associ-
ation of Sheriffs and other law enforcement agencies. Representa-
tives of the War Department, Navy Department, FBI, USPHS, state
police, municipal police, and the American Social Hygiene Association
each gave a ten-minute presentation of the venereal disease and
prostitution repression problems. Other participants in the discus-
sion in addition to police chiefs were the President of the Interstate
Crime Commission,

The ASHA also had an exhibit of materials for this meeting.



432 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

National Conference on Venereal Disease Control Needs in Wartime
to Be Held at Hot Springs. Venereal disease and America's war
effort will be discussed by high-ranking medical officers of the War
and the Navy Departments, prominent physicians, health officers and
others at a Conference in Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas,
October 21-24, 1942. Headquarters will be at the Arlington Hotel.

The Conference will be held under the auspices of the United
States Public Health Service in conjunction with the Eighth Annual
Meeting of the American Neisserian Medical Society. Surgeon
General Thomas Parran will preside. State and local health officers,
venereal disease control officers, practicing physicians, and all others
engaged in venereal disease control activities are urged to attend.

Subjects for discussion will include venereal disease control
measures influencing the war effort, epidemiology of syphilis and
gonorrhea 1942, wartime venereal disease control education, research
influencing the wartime venereal disease control program, and tech-
nics of venereal disease education.

Governmental, professional and health organizations to be repre-
sented at the Conference include: The War Department, the Navy
Department, the Social Protection Section of the Office of Defense
Health and Welfare Services, the American Medical Association, the
American Neisserian Medical Society, the American Social Hygiene
Association, State and local health departments, and the United
States Public Health Service. The following tentative program has
been announced :

On October 21, 2 P.M. a special session will be held on

Technics of Venereal Disease Education

Introductory comments Assistant Surgeon General R. A. Vonde; . ar, Division

of Venereal Diseases, U. S. Public Health Service

Presentation of a Typical Venereal Disease Education Problem jor Discussion
by Panel and Conference

Participants the entire conference membership

Discussion Leaders from the viewpoint of:

State Health Officer: Dr. Felix J. Voluntary health agency: >Iiss Jean B.

Underwood, Executive Officer, State Pinney, Associate Direc'.or, American

Board of Health, Jackson, Mississippi Social Hygiene Associ.ition

State Venereal Disease Control Officer: Press: Jack O. Carley, Memphis Com-

Dr. Malcolm H. Merrill, Chief, merce Appeal, Memphis Tennessee

Bureau of Venereal Diseases, Depart- Sadio: Merle S. Jones, General Man-

ment of Health, San Francisco, Calif. ager, Station KMOr St. Louis,

Local Health Officer: Dr. Hugh Lea- Missouri

veil, City Health Officer, Louisville, Health Department Pul><". Relations:

Kentucky Miss Ann Wilson I! >nes, Public

Local Venereal Disease Control Officer: Information Editor, Department of

Dr. L. W. Shaffer, Director, Social ,, 7 Pubh Health > San F-TICISCO, Calif.

Hygiene Division, Department of Clmtc U*9ement: D, Neb A. Nel-

Heflth, Detroit, Michigan Sj?n22 i^TT" f^J

~ ' T ,, -iJisease Control, State purtment of

Community resources: Dr. Lucy Mor- Health, Baltimore, M ,

gan, Health Education Consultant, Gonorrhea: Dr. Charli \ter

P.H.S., Community Organization for School of Medicine. .rsity of

Health Education, Fayetteville, N. C. Rochester



NATIONAL EVENTS 433

Syphilis case-control: Miss Anne Worlc Projects Administration: Mr. T.

Sweenej-, Vanderbilt University Hos- Lefoy Eichman, Informational Spe-

pital, Nashville, Tennessee cialist, U. S. Public Health Service

Gonorrhea case-control: Mr. Morris S. Nursing: Miss Donna Pearee, Public

Wortman, University of Missouri, Health Nursing Consultant, U. S.

Columbia, Missouri Public Health Service

Social Protection: Mr. Arthur E. Fink, General health education: Miss Eliza-
Regional Supervisor, Social Protec- beth Bohnenberger, Director of
tion Section, Birmingham, Alabama Health Education, State Board of

Health, Jacksonville, Florida

A display of educational materials, and demonstrations of use of publications,
posters, motion pictures, radio, etcetera, will supplement the talks and
discussions.

General Federation of Women's Clubs Announces Social Hygiene
Campaign. Mrs. John L. Whitehurst, President of the GFWC, and
Mrs. Horace B. Ritchie, of Athens, Ga., Chairman of the Department
of Public Welfare, have recently announced an expanded social
hygiene program, in which they are urging the Federation's 16,500
clubs to undertake prompt participation. Released as Public Wel-
fare Department Program No. 7, under the title Venereal Disease
Control, the eight-page pamphlet discusses the topic under the sub-
heads, What Are Venereal Diseases? Facts and Figures, Social
Implications, and a Work Plan for Venereal Disease Program.

Social hygiene agencies are urged to cooperate with state and local
club organizations in this program, and to address the General
Federation of Women's Clubs at 1734 N. Street, N.W., Washington,
D. C., for further information.

Wartime Problems to Be Discussed at A.P.H.A. Meeting in St.
Louis. : btftober 27-30 are the dates set by the American Public
Health Association for its 71st Annual Meeting at St. Louis. Meeting
headquarters are at the Auditorium, with residence headquarters at
the Hotci New Jefferson and Hotel Statler.

SocialMvygiene, health and welfare workers and local community
leaders aif-|. invited to a special pre-convention session on Venereal
Disease Prevention in Wartime in the Gold Room of the Hotel
Jefferson iff St. Louis, on October 25 at 8 :30 P.M. Health and medical
represent^ves of Army, Navy, and state and local health services
will adtu.ss the meeting, which is open to the public under the
sponsors,^ of the A.S.H.A., the Missouri Social Hygiene Association,
and other^state and local organizations. Dr. Richard S. Weiss,
President^ the Missouri Social Hygiene Association, will preside,
and speak* .TS will include :

. ^0 flO;

Lt.-iliqo(Jjiomas B. Turner, (MC), Chief, Venereal Disease Branch, Division
of P finsiiflusIMedicine, U. S. War Department, Washington, D. C. ; Captain
Cku-tpiiO .Mteeenson, (MC) In Charge, Division of Preventive Medicine, Bureau
of Me<Bixt."Jand Surgery, U. S. Navy, Washington, D. C. ; Malcolm Merrill, M.D.,
Chief, TVi rt-n u of Venereal Diseases, California Department of Health, San Francisco.



434 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

The discussants will be: Rogers Deakin, M.D., First Vice-President, Missouri
Social Hygiene Association, St. Louis Leader ; Joseph F. Bredeck, M.D., Health
Commissioner, City of St. Louis; Edgar B. Johnwick, M.D., Assistant Director,
Division of Venereal Disease Control, Missouri State Board of Health, Jefferson
City, Missouri; and Harriet S. Cory, M.D., Executive Director, Missouri Social
Hygiene Association, St. Louis.

Other sessions of particular interest to social hygiene workers are
offered at the Health Education Institute and during the main
program of the A.P.H.A. meeting by the various Sections :

General Session: Health Councils and Private Agencies, Oct. 30, 11:30 a.m.
Speakers: Louis I. Dublin; Selskar M. Gunn; Philip S. Platt. Presiding:
Homer Folks.

Health Education Institute: The Ninth Institute will open on Sunday morning,
October 25th, with an address by Dr. William P. Shepard of San Francisco on
Educational Qualifications for Health Educators, and will run through October
27th. During the three day program, following a keynote talk on Objectives by
Professor Clair E. Turner of Boston, Institute members will discuss the general
subject of Community Organisation for Health Education, in panel groups dealing
with programs for Larger Urban Areas, Smaller Urban Areas, Urban-rural Areas,
and Rural Areas. Special sessions will consider Public Relations, School and
Health Department Relationships, and National War Programs and Their Objec-
tives. Summaries by the panel leaders and an address on Health Education in a
Democracy by Professor C.-E. A. Winslow of Yale University will close the Institute.

Epidemiology: Symposium on Syphilis, Oct. 27, 9:30 a.m. Speakers: Lt.-Col.
Thomas B. Turner (MC), U.S.A.; Bascom Johnson, Jr., M.D.; Ralph F. Sikes,
M.D. ; Theodore Rosenthal, M.D. ; Bernard I. Kaplan, M.D. ; I. Jay Brightman, M.D.

Industrial Hygiene: Oct. 27, 9:30 a.m., Symposium on Industrial Hygiene and
War. Speakers: Lt.-Col. A. J. Lanza (MC), U.S.A.; Capt. C. S. Stephenson
(MC), U.S.N.; James G. Townsend, M.D.; John J. Prendergast, M.D.

Laboratory: Oct. 28, 9:30 a.m., Syphilis and Gonorrhea. Speakers: Charles
M. Carpenter, M.D.; Oscar F. Cox, M.D., and Mary V. McDermott; G. M. Kal-
manson and J. J. Bronf enbrenner ; E. L. Webb; Elizabeth B. McDermott, Jacob
Adler, M.D., Stanley Marcus, Ella Brandon, Howard J. Nunes and Reuben L.
Kahn; Anne Kimball.

Dr. Walter Clarke and Miss Jean B. Pinney of the A.S.H.A. staff will partici-
pate in the Health Education Institute and other sessions. The A.S.H.A. jointly
with the M.S.H.A. will sponsor a special exhibit in the A.P.H.A. Scientific Exhibit
and will display educational materials.

^*~-

American Bar Association Appoints Committee on Courts and
Social Protection. Following its meeting in Detroit, August 25th,
at which Charles P. Taft, Assistant Director, Office of Defense
Health and Welfare Services, presented the case against commercial-
ized prostitution in the war emergency and stated the need for
increased cooperation and prompt action of all groups concerned with
law enforcement, the Criminal Law Section of the American Bar
Association appointed a new committee to further these objectives.
Known as the Committee on Courts and Social Protection, with John
M. Goldsmith, of Radford, Virginia, as chairman, the committee will
work with state and local Bar Associations to secure full cooperation



NATIONAL EVENTS 435

with the Army, Navy, Federal Security Agency and Federal Bureau
of Investigation in controlling liquor, gambling and vice in the
vicinity of military camps, naval stations and war industries.




Federal Bureau of Investigation Holds Quarterly Police Confer-
ences on Prostitution. Responding to a letter from a member of
the A.S.H.A. staff congratulating the Federal Bureau of Investiga-
tion on the recent series of Quarterly Police Conferences on law
enforcement regarding prostitution, F.B.I. Director J. Edgar
Hoover writes as follows:

''It was indeed a source of deep gratification to receive your
letter of August 12, 1942, having reference to Quarterly Police
Conferences recently held throughout the United States. At these
conferences specific emphasis was given to the enforcement of
laws affecting prostitution in the vicinity of military areas.
Although we do not have complete reports as yet on the attendance
figures, it is contemplated that approximately 350 such conferences
will be held, attended by approximately 20,000 law enforcement
officials, representing 8,000 police agencies.

I know you will be interested in learning that the reaction of
the attending police officials was altogether favorable to this
special conference topic, and they have generally professed com-
plete willingness to cooperate with the Army and Navy and other
interested agencies in combating this menace to our war efforts.

For your information, I might mention that the Quarterly Police
Conferences were immediately put into effect under the FBI Law
Enforcement Officials Mobilization Plan for National Defense, pur-
suant to the directive of the President of the United States on
September 6, 1939, at which time he called upon state, county and
municipal law enforcement agencies to cooperate with the FBI
in the investigation of espionage, sabotage and matters relating to
the internal security of the United States. Accordingly, these
police conferences have been held quarterly throughout the terri-
tories covered by our fifty-six field divisions, which cover the
United States, as well as Alaska, the Hawaiian Islands and Puerto
Rico. These conferences, therefore, have served to completely
mobilize the police of the Nation at the present time in the vitally
important emergency wartime duties of police.

I want you to know I appreciate your thoughtfulness in writing
to me as you did, and please do not hesitate to call on us at any
time we can be of assistance to you in matters of mutual interest.

With best wishes and kind regards,

Sincerely yours,
(Signed) J. EDGAR HOOVER"



t36 JOUBNAL OF SOOIAL HYGIENE

National Sheriffs' Association Adopts Resolution Condemning
Prostitution. Among the important national groups lining up in
the all-out campaign for law enforcement against prostitution is
the National Sheriffs' Association which, at its War Conference
jHfifiHily held in Columbus, Ohio^dopted the following resolution
condemning the toleration of prostitution in any county of the
United States:

WHEREAS, the sheriffs of this Nation are the chief law enforcement officers
of their counties, and are charged with responsibility for the safety and welfare
of their people, and

WHEREAS, it has been brought to the attention of the Nation's sheriffs at
their War Conference held in Columbus, Ohio, September 16, 17 and 18, 1942,
that the ravages of venereal diseases are hampering the successful prosecution
of the war, and

WHEREAS, it has been definitely determined that the prostitute is the
principal carrier, and that so-called medical inspection of prostitutes, whether
official or unofficial, has no value in preventing the spread of these diseases,
Therefore, be it

RESOLVED, that the National Sheriffs' Association, in conference assembled
this Eighteenth day of September, 1942, officially condemns the toleration of
any type of prostitution, and particularly urges every sheriff and law enforce-
ment officer of this Nation to participate in the program of the Office of
Defense Health and Welfare Services, by prohibiting the establishment and
operation of so-called "red-light" or segregated districts; Further, be it

RESOLVED, that copies of this resolution be mailed to every sheriff in the
United States, Eliot Ness, Director of Social Protection, Paul V. McNutt,
Director of Defense Health and Welfare Services, Major-General Allen W.
Gullion, The Provost Marshal General, the International Association of Chiefs
of Police, The American Medical Society and the American Bar Association.

The Committee offering the resolution consisted of: Sheriff Jacob
E. Sandusky of Columbus, Ohio, Chairman; Sheriff Louis Knop,
Jr., of New Orleans; and Chief Deputy Sheriff Blaine E. Bixler
of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.




TWO USEFUL REFERENCES

For law enforcement officers, health officers, citizens interested in
improved legislation, welfare workers, and others:

Digest of Laws and Regulations Relating to the Prevention and Control of
Syphilis and Gonorrhea in the Forty-eight States and the District of



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 56 of 71)