American Social Hygiene Association.

Journal of social hygiene (Volume 28) online

. (page 62 of 71)
Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 62 of 71)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


you will know what I mean. I hope your going to the army will
be more successful in freeing your sons from the scourge of war
than mine was for you.

There are two things that I want to give you, Bill, as you go to
join other fathers' sons in this business of killing, from which God
alone knows whether you will return.

Both went with me into the army twenty-five years ago.

One is a khaki-covered textbook on military methods and
soldiery. Peruse its pages and endeavor to master the art of being
a good soldier. It may not bring you promotions and high honors
for there are in the army, after all, more mere men than anything
else. But it will bring to you the satisfaction of doing well what-
ever you do. It will help you to learn more quickly what is expected
of a good soldier.

The other, also khaki-covered, is a Bible. Don't feel that to take
it is being sissy. There will no doubt be times when just to hold it
in your hand will bring a mysterious comfort. I confess that I read
it but little while I was in uniform. Yet there were times when its
nearness the knowledge that it had stood the test of all time and
countless other wars seemed to sort of satisfy my longing for you
and Mom lull my homesickness for all the peaceful ways of life
that had been disrupted by war.

Take them Bill, and use them. Make the most of the army and
come back a better man than when you left. There is, you know, a
personal as well as a national victory to be won.

It seems a bit silly, doesn't it, to send you away with a gun in
one hand and a Bible in the other? The gun to kill. The Bible:
"Thou shalt not . . ." There is no explanation except that the gun
appears for the present to be necessary to our national security.
The Bible has ever been our hope of eternal security.

Learn to use the gun, Bill, but rely, finally, upon the Bible.

And may the Good Lord although I confess it is a big assign-
ment watch over and keep you, and those who go with you as
the guardians of American freedom, until the day and may He
speed the day when we shall thank God for peace and a safe
homecoming.

So long, BUI.



TO ALL WOMEN AND GIRLS
EDITH LIVINGSTON SMITH

We are a nation at war.

The country demands of every woman as well as of every man
a personal pledge of loyalty.

We women have already been taught many ways in which we
can serve our country. One most important thing we can do is
to help the men to be good soldiers.

We can help the national honor by conducting ourselves in a way
that all will respect.

Every woman who cheerfully sends husband, son, or lover to the
front is making it easier for him to look ahead and not behind him.

Wherever military camps are pitched, women's love and thought-
fulness go with the men. This is right.

Wherever military camps are pitched, immoral women and thought-
less girls congregate outside the camp lines. This is wrong.

Thousands of soldiers have been made unfit for service because
of venereal diseases contracted from women.

Some women who will read these words do not know this fact and
do not want to know it. For the good of the country all women
should know it.

Intelligent women can protect the young girls who follow the
troops and can save them from temptation and the country from
the burden of illegitimate war babies.

It has been the fashion to blame the men alone for the immoral
conditions which exist outside of army camps.

Women are equally responsible.

Other women "sporting women" or prostitutes, who seek to
tempt the soldiers may read these words:

Help the soldiers by keeping away from them.

If any woman is the means of making a man unfit to do his duty
as a soldier she is a traitor to her country.

The nation asks for the strength and courage of every man for
the help of every woman.

All must work together; the men for the women, the women for
the men, and all for the country.

479



FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR SCRAPBOOK

Veterans of the "home front" battle waged against syphilis and
gonorrhea in 1917-18, as well as veterans of the fighting forces, will
recall many other illustrations of "straight talk" addressed to young
men and women of those days. Below are listed a few examples,
culled from the war records of the American Social Hygiene Asso-
ciation. Most of these materials were prepared under the super-
vision of the Association, with the approval of the Surgeons General
of the Army and the Navy, and in collaboration with the then newly
established Division of Venereal Diseases of the United States Public
Health Service. Distribution was through the War and Navy
Departments of Training Camp Activities, the State and city Depart-
ments of Health, the social hygiene societies and other voluntary
agencies. All of the materials were planned and executed by the
best talent obtainable at the time. It must be a satisfaction to the
scientists and educators as well as the professional writers, and artists
who contributed to these publications, to know that, many of them are
little "dated" after twenty-five years. The variety of presentation
for the different groups and the soundness and directness of approach
make this material of current value in the preparation of today's
publications for similar purposes. They may be found in many
libraries which have back files of the JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE,
or which maintain pamphlet collections.

Pamphlets and Leaflets

For Young Men About to Enter the Army and Navy
You Have Come Clean Keep Clean

For Young Men in the Army
Keeping Fit to Fight
Carry On

For Young Men in the AEF After the Armistice
AEF, The World's Watching You
Your One Big Battle
When You Go Home
Back in the Good Old U.S.A.

For Young Men in the Navy

Live Straight If You Would Shoot Straight

Shore Leave

Give Yourself a Square Deal

The EooTcie Puts One Over on the Old Shellback

For Young Men in Civilian Life
Your Job and Your Future
Keep in Fighting Trim

For Girls and Women

For Girls

To Girls in Wartime

The Girl's Part. Dr. Mabel S. Ulrich

Mothers of America. Dr. Ulrich

For a New World

The Nation's Call to Young Women. Mrs. Woodallen Chapman

Your Country Needs You. A Talk with Girls. Mrs. Chapman

Women's Share in a National Service

Girls, a Home Guard

The Soldier, Uncle Sam and You

Heroines of Health

480



EDITORIALS
WHO is "DELINQUENT?"

"Delinquency Else Among Girls Told" . . . "Teen Age
Girl Offers Biggest Moral Problem" "American youth is
on a lawless rampage " "Juvenile delinquency is presenting
a serious and growing problem in this country" these are
some of the newspaper headlines and leading paragraphs of
feature stories which have been printed across the country
recently. The nation seems suddenly aware of a new problem
and ill-prepared to meet it.

War is chiefly to blame, it is generally said. Life magazine,
in a thoughtful article describing efforts of Toledo 's Juvenile
Court to combat youthful crime, sums up the situation clearly
and briefly:

"Though the basic reasons for delinquency (broken homes,
extreme poverty, incompetent or depraved parents) still exist, war
is directly responsible for the boom in badness. When fathers go
to war and mothers go to work, children seek companionship and
amusement in pool rooms, poorly policed parks and areaways where
crime breeds freely. War's sanction of violence and hatred makes
children feel that it's smart to be immoral. Since war panics most
communities into concentrating on air-raid wardens and bomb
shelters at the expense of schools and welfare agencies, children
get less attention at a time when they need more."

The "social dislocation" which invariably accompanies any
national emergency, without doubt strongly affects this situa-
tion. We realize anew that "modern, total warfare spares
no one men, women and children alike are its victims"
and in many ways.

But the whole blame cannot be fairly laid on wartime condi-
tions. Before war came many children and adolescents fell
afoul of the laws and the mores, and the communities in which
some of them lived seemed almost as helpless in the face of
the lesser problems of normal times as now when they are
confronted with the greater difficulties of today. Indeed, that
the young people concerned in these difficulties should be
labeled "delinquent" shows how far short we, their elders,
come of realizing our own responsibility, for the first defini-
tion of the word is "neglectful of or failing in duty or obliga-

481



482 JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

tion," which surely implies a degree of understanding and
experience to be expected of grown-ups rather than of 'teen-
agers. If they are delinquent, are we not still more so, when
we fail to safeguard family life or to insist on wholesome com-
munity environment for our young people to grow up in?

It is not important to settle the question of who or what is
most to blame for the disturbing situation reported. It is
important for all concerned, in every community, parents,
health and welfare workers and officials, to know the facts
about conditions affecting children and young people in that
community, and what needs to be done to make them delin-
quency-proof.

Knowledge plus action is a sure-fire formula.

"THE BUSINESS OP YOUTH" IN WARTIME

Another topic concerning which much is being said and
written at present is that of "war marriages."* A good
many young men and women seem to be getting married on
shorter acquaintance than usually precedes matrimony, par-
ticularly if the bridegroom is in uniform, and perhaps slated
for overseas duty. Other young people who planned to get
married later on decide not to wait, even though plans for
adequate financial support and other practical details are not
fully worked out. Young folks, and some more mature, who
had side-tracked marriage in favor of a career, on the theory
that "he travels fastest who travels alone," suddenly find
that the two projects can well be combined.

Parents and friends of the ' ' contracting parties ' ' and others
who have the best interests of young people and their futures
at heart are naturally anxious that these marriages shall be
happy, successful and permanent. They will do all they can
to help, in any way they can.

Meanwhile, if the tempo of marriage preliminaries in some
cases seems accelerated to a speed threatening a crash later
on, it may help those elders who worry to remember Jane
Addams' sage remark "The business of youth is mating"
and that one of the very few cheering things about war is
that it booms business.

* See page 495 for list of recent articles and discussions.



NATIONAL EVENTS

ASHA Thirtieth Annual Meeting. Thirty years ago, come 1943,
the American Social Hygiene Association was organized (through a
merger of the American Federation for Sex Hygiene and the National
Vigilance Association) at a meeting in Buffalo, New York. The
Board of Directors has accepted an invitation to celebrate the Asso-
ciation's coming anniversary in the city of its birth, and plans are
on foot for an anniversary dinner meeting on the evening of
February 1, 1943, at the Hotel Statler in Buffalo.

Host to the anniversary meeting will be the Buffalo Council of
Social Agencies and the Buffalo Committee on Social Hygiene Day,
of which Mr. Lewis G. Harriman is serving as chairman, with Dr.
Earl D. Osborne and Mrs. Thomas B. Lockwood as vice-chairmen, and
a membership of around 30 Buffalonians prominent in health, welfare
and community affairs. The Committee will also act as chief local
sponsor for an all-day regional conference on Tuesday, February 2.

The ASHA Annual Business Meeting will be held in New York City
on February 3rd.

Social Hygiene Day 1943. The Buffalo meeting is only one of a
long list of important conferences and meetings which will mark the
celebration of Social Hygiene Day throughout the country. New
York City will hold its usual large meeting, with several interesting
sessions conferring simultaneously both morning and afternoon, and
with a large gathering at luncheon. Other all-day conferences in
process of planning have already been reported from Washington,
D. C. ; Atlanta, Georgia; Seattle, Washington; Omaha, Nebraska;
and other points. Watch the JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE and the
SOCIAL HYGIENE NEWS for program details, and plan to attend the
meeting which best meets your needs.

Joining in national sponsorship of these events will be the United
State Public Health Service and the Social Protection Section of
the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, and other
official and voluntary agencies. In addition to speakers from these
organizations representatives of Army and Navy are scheduled to
speak at a number of the meetings.

St. Louis Meetings Successful. An audience of five hundred
attended the community meeting on Venereal Disease Prevention in
Wartime held at the Hotel Jefferson on the evening of Sunday,
October 25, in advance of the 71st Annual Meeting of the American
Public Health Association, and sponsored locally by the Missouri
Social Hygiene Association and 44 St. Louis health and welfare
agencies. The program announced in the October JOURNAL was car-
ried out, with Dr. Richard S. Weiss, MSHA President, presiding,
and Lt. Col. Thomas B. Turner, Chief, Venereal Disease Branch,

483



484 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Division of Preventive Medicine, U. S. War Department, Dr. Malcolm
Merrill, Chief, Bureau of Venereal Diseases, California Department
of Public Health, and Lieutenant Commander J. E. Meyer, U. S. Navy,
Corpus Christi, as the main speakers. Lieutenant Commander
Meyer made a much appreciated emergency substitution for Captain
Charles S. Stephenson of Washington, who had been summoned over-
seas. Discussion, led by Dr. Rogers Deakin, MSHA, first vice-presi-
dent, was lively. Participants included Dr. Joseph F. Bredeck, St.
Louis Health Commissioner, Dr. Harriet S. Cory, MSHA Executive
Director, (to whom with Dr. Weiss, much credit for the meeting's suc-
cess is due) Dr. Edgar B. John wick, Assistant Director, Division of
Venereal Disease Control, Missouri State Board of Health, Dr. E. G.
McGavran, Health Commissioner for St. Louis County, and Dr. R. R.
Wolcott, USPHS Venereal Disease Coordinator for the St. Louis area.
Dr. Walter Clarke, ASHA Executive Director, was called to the plat-
form and spoke briefly.

Dr. Clarke was also a speaker on the panel on National War Pro-
grams (Monday evening, October 26) in the APHA Health Education
Institute, and served as consultant at the ASHA booth in the APHA
Scientific Exhibit.

Miss Jean B. Pinney, ASHA Associate Director in Charge of
the Washington Liaison Office also participated in the St. Louis meet-
ings, including acting as reporter for the Session on Public Relations
of the Health Education Institute, and speaking before the annual
dinner meeting of the Association of Women in Public Health on
Monday evening, October 26th.

The ASHA scientific exhibit on Lymphogranuloma Venereum,
Granuloma Inguinale and Chancroid, a series of photographs and text
describing manifestations of these minor venereal diseases, plus com-
ment slides shown through an Electroslide and microscopes, attracted
much attention. In addition to ASHA graphic material and literature
included in the Health Education Center display, a large relief map
of the United States, in oil colors, and illustrating social hygiene laws,
statistics and other details by states was an interesting feature. The
map was the work of Hazel Viola Smith of Kalamazoo, Michigan,
who made it available to the ASHA for showing on this occasion.

Many old and new friends attended the meetings or stopped by
the ASHA booth for greetings or to talk over matters of mutual
concern. Among them :

Lawrence Arnstein, Executive Secretary, California Social Hygiene Association;
Dr. Adolph P. Weinzirl (and Mrs. Weinzirl) and Mrs. George Moorehead, Director
and Field Secretary respectively of the University of Oregon Division of Social
Hygiene Education; Dr. D. V. Galloway, Director of Health Education for the
Mississippi State Board of Health; Dr. Carl F. Wilzbach, Health Officer of
Cincinnati; Philip S. Platt, formerly Director of Palama Settlement, Honolulu,
and now assisting Selskar Gunn in the National Health Council study of volun-
tary agencies; Mrs. F. H. Beam, Executive Secretary of the Kansas City Social
Hygiene Society; Dr. C. O. Eddy of Baton Eouge, Louisiana; Prof. Edgar F.
Van Buskirk of Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri; Miss Eileen McGrath,
formerly of the ASHA staff and now Representative for Region II, Social Pro-
tection Section, ODHWS; Major James H. Gordon, (MC) U. S. A., Venereal



NATIONAL EVENTS 485

Disease Control Officer for the Seventh Service Command, Omaha; Dr. Bascom
Johnson, Jr., TTSPHS Eepresentative at El Paso, Texas, (who gave an out-
standing paper before the APHA Epidemiology Section, morning session Octo-
ber 27 on Prostitution in the Spread of Venereal Diseases in an Army Canton-
ment Area), and many others.

Though travel conditions were difficult and health workers busy,
attendance, at the APHA Annual Meeting, which continued until
Friday, October 30, as usual numbered several thousand persons.

USPHS Conference at Hot Springs Marks a Milestone. As an-
nounced in the October JOURNAL, a national conference on Venereal
Disease Control Needs in Wartime, called by the United States Public
Health Service, was held at the Arlington Hotel, Hot Springs, Arkan-
sas, October 21-24, together with the eighth annual meeting of the
American Neisserian Medical Society. Over 500 health officers,
physicians, social hygiene workers and health educators took part in
the discussions which followed a notable series of programmed
addresses by outstanding authorities on venereal disease work.

Surgeon General Thomas Parran, who presided throughout the
Conference, reminded those present that the Conference on Venereal
Disease Control Work which occurred in December, 1936, in Wash-
ington, was the first step in a new drive against syphilis and gonor-
rhea in which the united effort of all concerned has resulted in great
gains against these diseases, and stated his belief that the present
gathering may mark a milestone on the road to solving the enormous
social hygiene problems brought about by wartime conditions.

In addition to the session on Technics of Venereal Disease Education
mentioned in the October JOURNAL, the following three day program
was carried out:

October 22, 10 A.M. Session I

Venereal Disease Control Measures Influencing the War Effort

Welcome Address Surgeon General Thomas Parran

Eehabilitation of Selectees with Syphilis and Gonorrhea Lt. Col. Richard H.

Eanes, Assistant Director, Medical Division, Selective Service System
Present Venereal Disease and Prostitution Problems as They Relate to the

Army Lt. Col. T. B. Turner, Director, Venereal Disease Control Division,

Preventive Medicine Service, United States Army
Present Venereal Disease and Prostitution Problems as They Eelate to the

Navy Lieutenant George Mast, Division of Preventive Medicine, Bureau

of Medicine and Surgery, United States Navy
The Contribution to the War Effort of the Subcommittee on Venereal Diseases,

National Eesearch Council Dr. J. E. Moore, Baltimore, Md.
Private Physician Support of the Wartime Venereal Disease Control Program

Dr. John H. Musser, New Orleans, La.

October 22, 2 P.M. Session II

The Epidemiology of Syphilis and Gonorrhea 1942

The Epidemiology of Gonorrhea as a Stimulus to Prostitution Eepression
Dr. Donald H. Williams, Medical Director, Division of Venereal Disease
Control, Provincial Board of Health, Vancouver, B. C.

Improvement of Present Methods for Extra Familial Contact Tracing Miss
Mary A. Burke, Consultant in Social Hygiene Nursing, Detroit Department
of Health



486 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL, HYGIENE

Difficulties in Case Holding of Selectees Infected with Syphilis Dr. G. Foard
McGinnes, Director, Division of Venereal Disease Control, Tennessee State
Department of Health

Defects in the Present Follow-up Program Lida J. Usilton, Principal Statis-
tician, Division of Venereal Diseases, U. 8. Public Health Service

The Male Investigator in Venereal Disease Control Follow-up Dr. Malcolm
H. Merrill, Chief, Bureau of Venereal Diseases, California Department of
Public Health

October 23, 9:30 A.M. Session III

Eighth Annual Meeting, American Neisserian Medical Society
The Control of Venereal Disease Among Industrial Workers burgeon Otis L.

Anderson, Assistant Chief, Division of Venereal Diseases, U. S. Public

Health Service
Organization and Management of Clinics in a State Gonorrhea Control Program

Dr. F. W. Caudill and Dr. K. E. Teague, Kentucky State Department

of Health
Gonococcal Culture Methods Dr. Charles M. Carpenter, School of Medicine,

University of Rochester
Management of Gonorrhea in the Male Dr. P. 8. Pelouze, University of

Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Management of Gonorrhea in the Female Dr. Robert M. Lewis, Yale

University School of Medicine
Hyperpyrexia in Chemoresistant Gonorrhea Dr. Stafford L. Warren, School

of Medicine, University of Rochester
General discussion of the above panel led by Dr. Nels A. Nelson, Director,

Division of Venereal Disease Control, Maryland Department of Health, and

Dr. Adolph Jacoby, New York City Health Department

October 23, 2 P.M. Session IV

Eighth Annual Meeting, American Neisserian Medical Society
Gonococcus Cultures as a Public Health Service A Preliminary Eeport

Captain Daniel Bergsma, Venereal Disease Control Officer, Headquarters,

First Army, Governor 's Island, N. Y.
President's Address Assistant Surgeon General R. A. Vonderlehr, Division of

Venereal Diseases, U. S. Public Health Service
Gonorrhea from the Standpoint of the Army Captain Ernest B. Howard,

Venereal Disease Control Officer, Fourth Army Corps Area, Atlanta, Ga.
Gonorrhea from the Standpoint of the Navy Captain C. S. Stephenson, In

Charge, Division of Preventive Medicine, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery,

United States Navy
Sesume of the Year's Research in Gonorrhea Dr. Alfred Cohn, Department

of Health, New York City
The Role of Organised Medicine in the Control of Gonorrhea Dr. Robert S.

Breakey, Lansing, Michigan

October 23, 2 P.M. Demonstration

Technics of Modern Serodiagnostic Tests for Syphilis

October 24, 9:30 A.M. Session V

Wartime Venereal Disease Control Education Program

The Relationship Between the Programs of Venereal Disease Control Education
and the Repression of Prostitution

a. From the point of view of public health, Dr. George M. Leiby, Director,
Division of Preventive Medicine, Louisiana State Department of Health

b. From the point of view of social protection Mr. Charles P. Taft, Assistant
Director, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services

c. From the point of view of the public Mr. Capus Waynick, Director, Demon-
tration of Public Health Education Measures in the Control of Venereal
Diseases, Raleigh, N. C.

The Venereal Disease Control Education Program in the Armed Forces
a. Army Major Leonard A. Dewey (MC) Venereal Disease Control Officer,
U. S. Army, Eighth Service Command



NATIONAL EVENTS 487

b. Navy Lieutenant George Mast, Division of Preventive Medicine, Bureau of

Medicine and Surgery, U. 8. Navy
The Current Status of Venereal Disease Education Surgeon General Thomas

Parran, U. S. Public Health Service

October 24, 2 P.M. Session VI

Research Influencing the Wartime Venereal Disease Control Program
Progress in Investigations of the Intensive Therapy of Syphilis P. A. Surgeon

Harry Eagle, U. S. Public Health Service Syphilis Research Center,

Baltimore, Md.
New Serologic Tests for Syphilis and Their Demonstrated Efficiency Dr.

Arthur H. Sanford, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Progress in the Wartime Management of Gonorrhea Dr. P. S. Pelouze,

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Relationship Between Venereal Disease Control and the Joint Army and Navy

Committee on Welfare and Recreation Brigadier General F. H. Osborn,

Chief of Special Services, United States Army
Problems Involved in the Adaptation of Recent Scientific Discoveries to the

Wartime Control of the Venereal Diseases Dr. John H. Stokes, University

of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Of special interest to many of the conferees was the opportunity to visit the
Federal Venereal Disease Clinic in Hot Springs and the Medical Center about
two miles away. Dr. Austin V. Deibert, Medical Officer in Charge, and his
staff were cordial hosts.

Army Venereal Disease Control Officer Assignments. Lieutenant
Colonel Thomas B. Turner, Chief, Venereal Disease Branch, Division



Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 62 of 71)