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2. Special advice is sought from (a) medical and nursing organiza-
tions as to the scientific and administrative practicability of the
legislation as drawn up; (b) of legislators and Statute Commission,
or Legislative Council, if there is one in your state, or the state's
Attorney General as to the form which the law must take to meet the
desired ends. Drafts of the laws are submitted to the state health
department and the social protection and welfare official and voluntary
agencies for their advice and approval.

3. Popular support for the legislation is worked up in advance of
its introduction. This includes: publicity which will inform the
general public, by radio, newspapers and meetings; petitions and
letters from constituents to their legislators; resolutions in support
of the legislation by the various interested agencies ; personal contact
with legislators to secure advice and assurance of support in advance.

4. A high level of wide public interest will demonstrate that the
citizens really understand the purpose of the legislation and want
it passed. To this end the testimony of informed and impartial
witnesses is helpful and welcomed by legislative committees working
on the new laws; thorough study beforehand enables supporters of
the legislation to meet all arguments and to suggest adjustments and
changes which the legislators may think necessary, without the
law losing force.

Finally, the records of most states show that those who have not
succeeded the first time, HAVE TRIED AGAIN ! When a legislature
has failed to enact suitable laws when first presented, the time
before the next session has been used to keep on developing public
interest and support, making passage at the next session more likely,
and also helping to create public understanding and observance of
the laws when they are passed.



DOES YOTJR STATE NEED NEW SOCIAL, HYGIENE LAWS? 547

The American Social Hygiene Association Is Glad to Help

The American Social Hygiene Association is glad to place its
thirty years of experience in studying the workings of social hygiene
laws and the campaigns for securing their passage, at the service of
all agencies endeavoring to obtain sound and enforceable legislation.
Ask us for help and advice. Write for publications which will help
you. The following are suggested :

For Groups Contemplating Legislation

A-151 Advice from a Lawmaker, Thomas C. Desmond. 10

A-152 State Laws and Regulations of State Boards of Health Which Deal
with the Venereal Diseases, Bascom Johnson. 10

A-317 A Law to Protect Marriage from Syphilis. Text of the California pre-
marital law. Single copies free

A-318 A Law to Protect Babies from Syphilis. Text of the New Jersey pre-
natal law. Single copies free

A-379 Summary of State Legislation Requiring Premarital and Prenatal
Examinations for Venereal Diseases. With charts showing maim
provisions of laws in the various states. 25

A-463 Police and Health Department Functions in Repressing Prostitution and
Controlling Venereal Diseases, William F. Snow. Single copies fre

A-458 Laws Against Prostitution and Their Use, George Gould. 10^

A-389 The May Bill Becomes Law. Text of the Federal law against prosti-
tution in the vicinity of Army and Navy establishments. Sinyla
copies free

A-396 Milestones in the March Against Prostitution. Outline of progress
thus far. 10

A-450 Essential Provisions of State Laws for the Repression of Prostitution.
Single copies free

Books

Digest of State and Federal Laws Dealing with Prostitution and Other Sex
Offenses, with notes on the control of the sale of alcoholic beverages as it relates
to prostitution activities. By Bascom Johnson, George Gould and Roy E. Dicker-
son, 1942. 453 p. $5.00

Digest of Laws and Regulations Relating to the Prevention and Control of
Syphilis and Gonorrhea in the Forty-eight States and the District of Columbia.
Revised, 1942. Also includes text of all state premarital and prenatal examina-
tion laws. By Bascom Johnson, and George Gould. 618 p. $5.00

For the General Public

A -442 State Laws to Guard Family Health. Brief summary of use of premari-
tal and prenatal laws. Single copies free. $1.00 per 100

A-477 Good Laws Are Strong Weapons. Popular presentation of the law*
regarding prostitution, and premarital and prenatal examinations, and
the need for laws and law enforcement. Single copies free. $1.00 per
100, $5.00 per 1,000

A-303 The Case Against Prostitution. 5<f each, $2.50 per 100, $18.00 per 1,000

A- 304 Why Let It Burn? The case against the red light district. 10^ each,
$5.00 per 100, $30.00 per 1,000

For additional information write to

THE AMERICAN SOCIAL HYGIENE ASSOCIATION
1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y.



EDITORIALS

SOCIAL, HYGIENE TAKES BATTLE STATIONS FOB 1943

Social Hygiene Day : An annual date set for a quick glance
back and a long look ahead. The men and women who have
helped make the past twelve months a year of progress
toward social hygiene objectives have good reason to look
back with pride. Social Hygiene Day 1942 saw us less than
two months at war; still in the midst of all the turmoil and
confusion inevitable to a quick change-over from a peacetime
existence to a wartime way of life. As always, the forces of
evil were ready and eager to take advantage of these cir-
cumstances to expand their activities and profits. Near the
camps and training stations, in the great war industry
centers, the prostitution racket set up its illegal business a
business facilitated by large numbers of taxicab drivers,
bellboys, hotel porters, "ropers," and "steerers," who have
always found it a gold mine of easy money.

The damage to our social structure, real and ominous as it
is, was not so immediately apparent as the threat to our
national health. Here and there, in many sections of the
country, venereal disease rates began to rise, and a large
proportion of the increase related closely to the growth of
prostitution activities. War has always meant a rise in the
incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea in both the armed forces
and the civilian population. Rising venereal disease rates
have thus always pointed to the need for renewed examina-
tion of community conditions and the planning of better law
enforcement and social protection activities. The gradual
transfer in the past three years from peacetime to intensified
national defense activities had started this process of self-
examination and initiation of remedial measures, when the
shock of war crystalized a nationwide demand for Federal,
State and community action. "Are the failures and limita-
tions of past efforts to be endlessly repeated?" men asked
themselves a year ago. "Have we learned so little from the

548



EDITORIALS 549

past that can help us in the future? Must we accept the
continuance of these evils as inevitable in wartime, rather
than their extermination?" They looked back at the accom-
plishments of the past and ahead at the threat to these gains,
and swore that there should be no retrogression to the old
bad ways either during the war or after the return of
peace. As the immediate first step it was agreed to deal
with the growing menace of prostitution, through which
syphilis and gonorrhea are so largely spread and our com-
munity life and morale so seriously endangered. The legal
mechanism necessary to repression was in great part already
on the statute books. Public opinion was ready for all
measures that would help win the war. In hundreds of cities
throughout the country where enforcement of laws against
prostitution had become lax, vigorous action was taken and
violators were prosecuted. The business was broken up.
This step was taken with misgiving in some places, but the
results proved the soundness of the procedure.

In the Autumn of 1942, as in previous years, both the Army
and the Navy issued statements bearing on their venereal
disease rates. Here was something concrete by which
success in fighting syphilis and gonorrhea during the past
twelve months could be judged. "Venereal disease at an
all-time low," said the Navy. "Syphilis at a lower rate
than at any time since the first World War, ' ' said the Army.
Such data as existed for civilian, industrial and community
areas which had been particularly active suggested a similar
story.

So much for the quick glance back a reassuring glance
that tells us that we were not wrong in pointing out the
self-evident truth of the close relationship between the prac-
tice of prostitution and the spread of the venereal diseases.
Civilian rates for the past year are still to be tabulated and
studied for the country as a whole but there is reason to
think that, unless some other factor (such as the decrease in
the number of physicians in private practice or curtailed
public health services in the states and communities) is
present, they will show a similar downward trend.



550 JOUBNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

And now for the look ahead : we are very far from doing so
well that we cannot do better. And we are in danger of
losing the advantages gained from the past three years of
increasing national unified effort unless we secure the appli-
cation of the program to all the states and communities
concerned. Venereal disease rates are still far too high.
Syphilis and gonorrhea are still among our major public
health problems as a nation, bringing sickness and disable-
ment and death to millions of Americans. Prostitution with
all of its attendant evils is not gone entirely and forever, by
any means; it still lingers on under the surface in communi-
ties all across the country. This illegal racket has amazing
ramifications and resources: eternal vigilance is the price of
safety in dealing with it. The sexually promiscuous young
girl is an increasing problem, both as an individual and as a
spreader of infection and social damage. She must be helped,
for her own sake and for the sake of the rest of us. Cases of
infection must be found early, treated, and cured. The fight
never stops and never will stop, we believe, until the final
victory is won. It will be a long war longer far than that
against our country's human enemies but the victorious
outcome is as sure.

So we promise ourselves on Social Hygiene Day, 1943. In
that solemn pledge, made with confidence rooted in the past
and with courage for the future, lies our surest promise of
success. With that confidence and that courage we take our
battle stations.

ELEANOR SHENEHON

Director, Community Service,

American Social Hygiene Association



Remember the Day!
February 3, 1943



EDITORIALS 551

THOSE SAME OLD QUESTIONS

Some twenty years ago, having just finished a lecture on
venereal diseases to a large class of high school boys, we
were struck by the primary type of questions asked. Citing
several of them to an old physician, he remarked, "Yes.
They're just about the same problems that puzzled boys
when I was a youngster in the last century."

A few days ago in this year, 1942 A.D., following a similar
lecture to 180 preparatory school cadets, we recalled his
comment. For the questions that perplex today's youth
are virtually identical with those submitted by the lads of
1920. As worded by the boys themselves here are the ones
most frequently asked: "How can a fellow tell if he has
syphilis or gonorrhea?", "Can you get a disease in some
other way than by sexual contact!", "Can one disease
develop into the other?", "Does masturbation bring on
venereal disease or make you crazy?", "How can a fellow
know if a girl is infected?", "How many prostitutes are
diseased?", "Do toilet seats carry these diseases?", and
VHow can a fellow play safe?" There is a fair and repre-
sentative sampling of the questions propounded by normal
boys in the 15-19 year age group, some of whom will soon be
called up for military training.

Many elders characterize today's youth as "blase,"
"sophisticated," and "wise beyond their years." They're
not ! They are just the same bewildered young people regard-
ing social hygiene facts as were their elders years ago. But
far less excuse exists for this ignorance today when plenty of
reliable books and pamphlets are available for the asking or
borrowing. What wonderful opportunities our parents are
fumbling! And, with facts, philosophy, movies and other
teaching aids so accessible, what great gaps still are apparent
in curricular efforts to guide young people toward better
health and human relationships!

BAY H. EVERETT



NATIONAL EVENTS

Annual Meeting Plans. As announced in the November JOURNAL
and the SOCIAL HYGIENE NEWS, the American Social Hygiene Asso-
ciation will hold the general session of its Thirtieth Annual Meeting
at Buffalo, New York, preceding an all-day Regional Conference on
February 2, and with the Buffalo Committee on Social Hygiene Day
and the Buffalo Council of Social Agencies as hosts. The following
program has been arranged as a dinner session at the Hotel Statler,
6 :30 p.m., Monday, February 1.

Presiding: Lewis G. Harriman, Chairman, Buffalo Committee on Social Hygiene
Day

Address: Eay Lyman Wilbur, M.D., President, American Social Hygiene Asso-
ciation

Awards: Edward L. Keyes, M.D., Chairman, Committee on Awards

William Freeman Snow Medal for Distinguished Service to Humanity
Honorary Life Memberships

Roll Call of Social Hygiene Pioneers

All members and friends, as well as the general public are cordially
invited to join in this occasion, which rounds out a thirty-year genera-
tion of service by the Association. It is particularly fitting that
Buffalo should be the scene of this event, since the Association was
organized in that city at a meeting held in 1913.

For dinner reservations ($2.00 each, including gratuity) please
address the American Social Hygiene Association, 1790 Broadway,
New York, N. Y., or Paul L. Benjamin, Secretary, Buffalo Committee
on Social Hygiene Day, 86 W. Chippewa St., Buffalo, N. Y.

The Annual Business Meeting: Through the January SOCIAL
HYGIENE NEWS, the following call for this session' of the Thirtieth
Annual Meeting has been issued :

January 1, 1943.

To the Association's Members Please regard this as the official notice of the
Thirtieth Annual Meeting. The business session will be held in New York on
Feb. 3, 1943, at 3 P.M., Hotel Astor, in connection with the New York Regional
Conference.

The general session will be held at a dinner meeting in Buffalo, Feb. 1, pre-
ceding an all-day Regional Conference, auspices of Buffalo Agencies, and the
American Social Hygiene Association.

All sessions are open to the public and friends of the Association. Members
who cannot attend are invited to send in any nominations, resolutions, suggestions
or items of business they desire placed on the agenda for consideration.

MAURICE A. BIGELOW, Secretary.
1790 Broadway, New York.

552



NATIONAL, EVENTS



553



Regional Conference at Buffalo. Under the local auspices of the
Buffalo Committee on Social Hygiene Day, the Buffalo Council of
Social Agencies and upwards of 100 regional state and community
sponsoring agencies, plans are going ahead full tilt for this event.
An all-day program has been arranged, as follows :

Tuesday, February 2, 1943

Headquarters: Hotel Statler, Buffalo, New York

Conference Theme: Social Protection in Wartime and After

Morning Session 10:00 A.M., Terrace Room

Subject: Local and Regional Problems in Social Protection and Prevention

and Control of Syphilis and Gonorrhea (from the official point of
view)

Speakers: Udo J. Wile, M.D., Medical Director, United States Public Health
Service, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Charles P. Taft, Assistant Director, Defense Health and Welfare
Services, Washington, D. C.

Commander T. J. Carter, MC, In Charge Division of Preventive
Medicine, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, United States Navy
Department

Colonel C. M. Walson, MC, Chief Medical Officer, Second Service
Command, United States Army

Question Box and Discussion
Luncheon Session 12:15 P.M., Chinese Room
Subject: Social Hygiene Takes Battle Stations for 1943

Presiding: Colonel B. H. Witherspoon, Executive Vice-President, Buffalo Cham-
ber of Commerce

Speakers: Women on the Home Front

Mrs. Austin Kimball, member of the National Board and the World
Council of the Young Womens' Christian Association, Buffalo, N. Y.

A Job for Wartime Industry

Walter Clarke, M.D., Executive Director, American Social Hygiene

Association, New York

Voluntary Health Agencies Go Forward

George J. Nelbach, Executive Secretary, State Committee on Tuberc-
ulosis and Public Health, New York

Secretary: Miss Janet Scott, R.N., Executive Secretary, Tuberculosis, Inc., of
Buffalo and Erie County

Afternoon Sessions 2:15 P.M.

Session I, Fillmore Room

Subject: Social Hygiene Education and Training for Family Life

Presiding: Mrs. Norman P. Clement, Assistant Secretary, University of Buffalo

Discussants: Robert W. Osborn, Assistant Executive Secretary, New York State
Committee on Tuberculosis and Public Health

Arthur Towne, Secretary, Onondaga Health Association, Syracuse,
New York

The Hon. Cecil B. Wiener, Executive Director, Jewish Federation
for Social Service, Buffalo, New York

Secretary: Mrs. George Greenberger, Council of Social Agencies, Buffalo,
New York



554



JOUBNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE



Subject:



Session II, Terrace Room
The Stake of Labor and Management in the Syphilis Campaign



Presiding: Eev. John P. Boland, D.D., Pastor, St. Thomas Aquina B. C. Church,
and former chairman, New York State Labor Relations Board

Discussants: For Labor Alfred G. Larke, Secretary-Treasurer, Greater Buffalo
Industrial Union Council, C.I.O. ; Frank Gilbert, Buffalo Federation
of Labor, A.F.L.

For Management Merrill E. Skinner, Vice President, Buffalo
Niagara & Eastern Power Corporation, Buffalo, New York.

Public Health Aspects Dr. Lopo de Mello, Director, Buffalo Syphi-
lis Control Service

Secretary: Mrs. Doris T. Keller, University of Buffalo School of Social Work

General Session 3:30 P.M., Terrace Boom
Subject: Law Enforcement and Social Protection

Presiding: Hon. John D. Hillery, Chief Judge, City Court of Buffalo

Speakers: Joseph T. Owens, President of the International Association of
Chiefs of Police, Rome, New York

Jeremiah R. Cronin, Commissioner of Police, Buffalo, New York
E. Marguerite Gane, Executive Secretary, Children's Aid Society
and Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children

Final Session 4:30 P.M., Terrace Room
Subject: "What a Conference Like This Means to a Community"

Presiding: Mrs. Thomas B. Lockwood, President, Infantile Paralysis Founda-
tion, Buffalo and Erie County Chapter; Vice-chairman, Buffalo
Committee on Social Hygiene Day

Remarks: William F. Snow, M.D., Chairman, Executive Committee, American
Social Hygiene Association

All who are interested in any way in public health and community
welfare are cordially invited to attend the Conference and join in
the discussions and other program events. For hotel reservations,
address the Hotel Statler, Buffalo, New York. For luncheon reserva-
tions, copies of printed program and other information address
Paul L. Benjamin, Secretary, Buffalo Committee on Social Hygiene
Day, 86 W. Chippewa St., Buffalo, New York.



Other Social Hygiene Day Programs. As this number of the
JOURNAL goes to press we have word of many other conferences,
community meetings and other events in observance of Seventh
National Social Hygiene Day. All of these programs are sponsored
nationally by the American Social Hygiene Association, the United
States Public Health Service and the Social Protection Section,
Defense Health and Welfare Services, cooperating with the numerous
regional, state and community agencies under whose auspices the



NATIONAL EVENTS 555

meetings are arranged locally. A few of the programs so far
reported are:

Washington, D. C.
Date: February 2, 1943

Place: Barker Hall, Y.W.C.A., 12:30 P.M.
Auspices: District of Columbia Social Hygiene Society
Program : Luncheon meeting and af ternoon sessions

Speaker: Dr. Harry A. Overstreet, Professor of Philosophy, College of the City
of New York

For details of program and reservations, write to: Bay H. Everett, Executive
Director, D. C. Social Hygiene Society, 927 15th St., N.W., Washington, D. C.

New York City
Date: February 3, 1943

Place: Hotel Astor

Auspices: Social Hygiene Committee, New York Tuberculosis and Health Associa-
tion and 116 sponsoring agencies

Program: An all-day conference, including:
Morning Sessions:

(1) The Results of Premarital and Prenatal Examinations for Syphilis

(2) Public Health Nurses and Social Workers in Relation to National Defense

(3) What Official Agencies Are Doing in Social Hygiene
Luncheon Session:

Speakers: George Baehr, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Office of Civilian Defense
Kay Lyman Wilbur, M.D., President, American Social Hygiene
Association

Afternoon Sessions:

(1) Experimental Methods in the Treatment of Syphilis

(2) Social Casualties of the War

(3) The Adolescent in Wartime

For details of program and reservations, write to: Dr. Jacob A. Goldberg,
Secretary, Social Hygiene Committee, New York Tuberculosis and Health Associa-
tion, 386 Fourth Avenue, New York, N. Y.

Atlanta, Georgia
Date: February 3, 1943
Place: Atlanta Biltmore Hotel

Auspices: Georgia Social Hygiene Council and cooperating agencies
Program: All-day regional conference on the subject Now and After

Speakers: Thomas Parran, Surgeon General, United States Public Health Service,
Washington, D. C.

Alan Johnstone, General. Counsel, Federal Works Agency, Wash-
ington, D. C.

For details of program and luncheon reservations, write to: Ralph E. Wager,
President, Georgia Social Hygiene Council, Emory University, Ga.



556



JOURNAL OP SOCIAL HYGIENE



Omaha, Nebraska
Date: February 4, 1943

Place: Hotel Paxton and Woodmen of the World Building
Auspices: Community Welfare Council of Omaha, Health Division

Program: Luncheon, afternoon and evening sessions on Social Hygiene in
Wartime

Speaker: Walter Clarke, M.D., Executive Director, American Social Hygiene
Association

For details of program and reservations, write to: Clifford C. King, Associate
Secretary, Community Welfare Council of Omaha, 736 World-Herald Building,
Omaha, Neb.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Date: February 2, 1943

Place: Ritz-Carlton Hotel

Auspices: Philadelphia Tuberculosis and Health Association
Program: Luncheon

Speakers: Eliot Ness, Director, Social Protection Section, Defense Health and
Welfare Services

Lt. Col. Thomas B. Turner, Chief, Division of Venereal Disease Con-
trol, U. S. War Department

John H. Stokes, M.D., Director, Institute for the Control of Syphilis,
University of Pennsylvania

For details of program and reservations, write to: Charles A. Kurtzhalz,
Director, Philadelphia Health and Tuberculosis Association, 311 S. Juniper Street,
Philadelphia, Pa.



Portland, Oregon



Date:
Place:



February 5, 1943
Hotel Portland



Auspices: Division of Social Hygiene Education, University of Oregon Medical
School; with the cooperation of the State Board of Health and the
Oregon Tuberculosis Association

Program: Social Protection in Wartime

Speaker: R. A. Vonderlehr, Assistant Surgeon General, Division of Venereal
Diseases, United States Public Health Service

For details of program and reservations, write to: Mrs. George Moorehead,
Division of Social Hygiene Education, University of Oregon Medical School,
Portland, Ore.



Utah

Date: February 8 and 9, 1943

Place: See below
Auspices: Utah Social Hygiene Association



NATIONAL, EVENTS 557

Program: Dinner and public evening meeting February 8th, Salt Lake City,
Hotel Utah

Luncheon Meeting February 9th Ogden
Luncheon Meeting February 9th Provo

Speakers: Dr. Clarke

Fred K. Kearney, Field Supervisor, Social Protection Section

For details of program and reservations, write to: Elias L. Day, President,
Utah Social Hygiene Association, 621-24 Mclntyre Building, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Seattle, Washington
Date: February 3, 1943

Place: To be announced

Auspices: Washington State Health Department

Program: Conference on Health Is the State's' Foundation The Effect of
Venereal Disease in the War Effort

Speakers: Dr. Vonderlehr; W. Ford Higby, Executive Secretary, California
Tuberculosis Association; Dr. Harold L. Lawrence, Chief, Epidemi-
ology and Venereal Disease Control, Washington State Health
Department ; and others

For details of program and reservations, write to: Washington State Health
Department, Smith Tower, Seattle, Wash.



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