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Texas

One or more meetings are being planned to take place at Dallas and other
points in Texas. Details will be available shortly.

Please address inquiries to Bascom Johnson, Southwestern States Office, Ameri-
can Social Hygiene Association, Cliff Towers, Dallas, Tex.

Venereal Disease Control Program of Navy Gains Impetus.
Further measures to protect naval personnel from venereal disease
were recently recommended to Surgeon General Ross T. Mclntire by
a conference of control officers representing the various naval districts.

The meeting, first of its kind to be called by Admiral Mclntire,
concluded three days of discussion by submitting a report that
indorses :

1. Continuance and expansion of operation of prophylactic stations in coopera-
tion with the Army, Public Health Service, and civilian health authorities.

2. Instruction in the principles of venereal disease control at all Hospital
Corps schools.

3. Repression of prostitution.

4. Emphasis of control measures among crews of patrol craft, armed guard,
and escort vessels, which may have no medical officer aboard.

5. Training of epidemiologists with warrant or commissioned officer rank.



558 JOURNAL, OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

The report, presented by Rear Admiral Stephenson, approved in
principle the practice of opening prophylactic stations to the public,
as well as members of the armed forces, where conditions make
such a step feasible.

Although the venereal disease rate in the Navy is encouragingly
low, the conference is one of many measures being taken to reduce
incidence still further.

"It is the judgment of the conference that results obtained under
the Navy's venereal disease control program constitute an advance
of major importance and should be continued and expanded," said
Commander R. B. Henry, of the Fifth Naval District, who served
as chairman.



Navy Appointments. Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire (MC), Sur-
geon General and Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery since
1938 was appointed by President Roosevelt on November 9 for a
second term of four years. Admiral Mclntire continued also to serve
as personal physician to the President.

As of November 4, 1942, Captain Charles S. Stephenson (MC),
was advanced to the rank of rear admiral, for temporary service as
Director of the United States of America Typhus Commission. Com-
mander Thomas J. Carter (MC), is now in charge of the Bureau's
Division of Preventive Medicine.

The Bureau reports Venereal Disease Control Officers assigned to
naval bases and training stations as of December 21, 1942, as follows:

Note: NAS Naval Air Station NOB Naval Operating Base

NH Naval Hospital NTSeh. Naval Training School

NTS Naval Training Station

First Naval District

Headquarters, Boston, Massachusetts; Lt. Comtndr. Frederick J. Bailey, MC-V(S),

USNR, Retired
Shore Activities, Casco Bay, Portland, Maine; Lt. Commdr. Calvin C. Torrance,

MC-V(S),USNR

NAS, Quonset Point, Rhode Island; Lt. William Feltman, MC-V(S), USNR
NH, Newport, Rhode Island; Lt. Commdr. E. C. Smith, MC-V(S), USNR

Third Naval District

Headquarters, New York, N. Y.; Lt. Commdr. Michael Wishengrad, MC-V(S),

USNR

Receiving Ship, New York; Lt. Louis Goodkin, MC-V(S), USNR
Receiving Station, South Brooklyn, New York; Lt. Commdr. Bernard L. R.

Toothaker, MC-V(S), USNR

NTS, Sampson, New York; Lt. Henry Almond, MC-V(S), USNR
Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut; Lt. Commdr. Samuel Tripler,

MC-V(S), USNR

Fourth Naval District

District headquarters, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Lt. Commdr. Clarence J.

Buckley, MC-V(S), USNR
Receiving Statipn, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Lt. Commdr. Frank P. Massaniso,

MC-V(S), USNR



NATIONAL EVENTS 559

Fifth Naval District

District Headquarters, Norfolk, Virginia; Commdr. Reginald B. Henry, USN,

Retired

NAS, Norfolk, Virginia; Lt. Harold W. Klewer, MC-V(S), USNR
NTS, NOB, Norfolk, Virginia; Lt. Commdr. James R. Stites, MC-V(S), USNR
NOB, Norfolk, Virginia; Lt. Commdr. Alexander E. Rosenberg, MC-V(S), USNR
Receiving Station, Norfolk, Virginia; Lt. Commdr. Frederick M. Lee, MC-V(S),

USNR
NTS, Bainbridge, Maryland; Lt. Harry W. Savage, MC-V(S), USNR

Sixth Naval District

District headquarters, Charleston, South Carolina; Lt. Commdr. Keitt H. Smith,

MC-V(G), USNR
Marine Barracks, Parris Island, South Carolina; Lt. Commdr. Samuel R. Brown,

MC-V(S), USNR

NAS, Jacksonville, Florida; Lt. Commdr. Arno Ross, MC-V(S), USNR
Marine Barracks, New River, North Carolina; Lt. Saul C. Levine, MC-V(G), USNR

Seventh Naval District

District headquarters, Jacksonville, Florida; Lt. (jg) Arthur F. Turner, Jr.,

MC-V(G), USNR

Naval Station, Key West, Florida; Lt. Bernard H. Shallow, MC-V(S), USNR
Submarine Chaser Training Center, Miami, Florida; Lt. Carroll B. Jones,

MC-V(S), USNR

Eighth Naval District

District headquarters, New Orleans, Louisiana; Lt. Commdr. Thaddeus A. Fears,

MC-V(S), USNR
U. S. Naval Station, New Orleans, Louisiana; Lt. Commdr. Rexel Goodman,

MC-V(S), USNR
NTSch. (Aviation Maint.), Norman, Oklahoma; Lt. Commdr. Aloysius P. Rieman,

MC-V(S), USNR

NAS, Corpus Christi, Texas; Lt. (jg) Jack L. Derzavis, MC-V(S), USNR
NAS, Pensacola, Florida; Lt. (jg) Morris Leider, MC-V(G), USNR

Ninth Naval District

District headquarters, Great Lakes Station, Wisconsin; Lt. Jerome J. Burke,

(MC), USN
NTSch., Navy Pier, Chicago, Illinois; Lt. Commdr. Harold F. Smith, MC-V(S),

USNR (additional duty)
NTSch., (Advanced Aviation), Chicago, Illinois; Lt. Commdr. Harold F. Smith,

MC-V(S), USNR
NTS, Great Lakes, Illinois; Lt. (jg) Erwin E. Peters, MC-V(S), USNR (trained

before coming in)

Tenth Naval District

District headquarters, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Lt. Commdr. R. H. Abrahainson,

MC-V(S), USNR

NOB, Trinidad, B.W.I.; Lt. Commdr. Sol S. Schneierson, MC-V(G), USNR
NOB, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; 'Lt. Commdr. Salem M. Rabson, MC-V(S) USNR

Eleventh Naval District

District headquarters, San Diego, California; Lt. Comindr. Ammon B. Litterer,

MC-V(S),USNR
Destroyer Base, San Diego, California; Lt. Commdr. D. A. York, (MC), USN,

Retired

NOB, San Pedro, California; Lt. Irving D. Litwack, (MC), USN, Retired
NTS, San Diego, California; Lt. (jg) ^Leonard Klein, MC-V(G), USNR
Marine Corps Base; Lt. Israel Zelisrman, MC-V(S), USNR



560 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Twelfth Naval District

District headquarters, San Francisco, California; Coinmdr. Benton Van Dyke

Scott, (MC), USN, Retired

NAS, Alameda; Lt. Commdr. Edward J. Muldoon, MC-V(S), USNR
Section Base, Treasure Island, San Francisco, California; Lt. Commdr. Harold R.

Weidner, MC-V(S), USNR
Rec. Station, San Francisco; Lt. Philip R. Partington, MC-V(S), USNR

Thirteenth Naval District

District headquarters, Seattle, Washington; Lt. Alstrup N. Johnson, MC-V(S),

USNR
Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington; Lt. Commdr. Samuel J.

Sullivan, MC-V(S), USNR

NTS, Farragut, Idaho: Lt. Harold T. Larsen, MC-V(S), USNR
NAS, Seattle, Washington; Lt. Commdr. Howard W. Reed, MC-V(S), USNR

Fourteenth Naval District

District headquarters, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; Capt. John B. Farrior, (MC), USN

Fifteenth Naval District

District headquarters, Balboa, Panama Canal Zone; Lt. Delmar V. Hughes,
MC-V(S), USNR

Potomac and Severn Naval District

Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Potomac Annex, Washington, D. C. ; Ensign

Howard W. Ennes, Jr., H-V(S), USNR; Lt. (jg) Frank W. Reynolds, MC-V(G),

USNR

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C.; Lt. Israel Kruger, MC-V(G), USNR
Naval Academy, Maryland; Lt. Philip J. McNamara, (MC), USN



Office of Civilian Defense Urges State and Regional Cooperation.

James M. Landis, Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, has
recently addressed a letter to Regional Directors of the OCD's nine
Regions concerning venereal disease control in their respective terri-
tories and their responsibility for cooperating with the Public Health
Service, Social Protection Section, Army Service Command and Naval
District officials and social hygiene societies and other agencies work-
ing on venereal disease problems. Among materials sent the Regional
Directors in connection with the letter was the pamphlet, Suggestions
for Organizing a Community Social Hygiene Program (See page ).
The letter reads as follows :

"To Eegional Directors:

"Through the close contacts which members of your Civilian Mobilization staff
have already developed with the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services
personnel serving your Region, you are, no doubt, keeping abreast with programs
of venereal disease control in your Region.

The Federal government is particularly concerned with lost time among the armed
forces and among war industry workers as the result of syphilis and gonorrhea. It
is definitely established that men acquire these infections almost exclusively in
civilian communities and mainly from prostitutes. It is therefore essential that
civilian agencies, both governmental and private, cooperate in the repression of
prostitution and in the provision of adequate programs and facilities for venereal
disease control.



NATIONAL EVENTS 561

The program for venereal disease control must operate on a highly selective
basis. In some instances, such programs may be necessary only in one or two
communities within a State. On the other hand, there are places where a State-
wide program may be necessary, while there may even be other States in which no
program is needed. The success of any local program of venereal disease control
depends upon a combination of such factors as the extent of prostitution and
venereal disease in the community, the attitude of influential groups, Army and
Navy officials, and all police authorities, the present status of clinic, recreation,
detention, rehabilitation facilities, etc.

Technical experts equipped to assist in working out State and local venereal
disease control plans are Federal and State health officers and Social Protec-
tion representatives of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services
Regional staff.

Under separate cover, I am sending you:

(1) One copy of a letter sent by the U. S. Public Health Service to its
District Directors.

(2) One copy of a memorandum sent by the U. 8. Public Health Service to
State health officers.

(3) One copy for each State in your Eegion and an additional copy for your
files of Special VD Education Cirvular No. 4, issued by the U. S. Public
Health Service and the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services.

(4) Fifty copies of Suggestions for Organising a Community Social Hygiene
Program, published by the American Social Hygiene Association.

These last two documents provide you with basic elements of the plan to be
carried on under a local Defense Council where a venereal disease control program
seems necessary.

Through your Civilian Mobilization staff, you have responsibility for conferring
with those District Directors of the U. S. Public Health Service, regional repre-
sentatives of the Social Protection Section of the Office of Defense Health and
Welfare Services, Venereal Disease Control Officers of the Service Command
and of the Naval District, whose geographical jurisdictions coincide at any point
with yours. At such conferences, you should find out from these persons those
communities where it is important to push this program, including statistical and
factual material which is in their possession, and you should then get the affected
State Defense Councils to place their resources behind the program and see that
the job gets done.

You will note that the pamphlet Organisation Outline for Local Defense Councils
indicates on page 19 under " (11) Health" that the health committee of the local
Defense Council should cooperate in this type of program. No special committee
for venereal disease control is shown on the chart for local Defense Council
organization (page 7 of the pamphlet) since all communities do not need organiza-
tion for this specific purpose. Where such a program is necessary, this job
should be locally undertaken by the health committee or a subcommittee composed
of the local health officer, the local police chief, local welfare and health agencies,
and local individuals or representatives of civic organizations who are in positions
to give prestige and lay leadership to the work of the committee.

I shall be interested to learn what you may have already worked out along this line.

Faithfully yours,

JAMES M. LANDIS,

Director. ' '



562 JOUKNAL OF SOCIAL HYGIENE

Office of War Information Recommends Frankness on the Air.
William B. Lewis, Chief of the Radio Bureau, Office of War Informa-
tion, under date of November 17, addressed a memorandum to "All
War Program Managers" on the subject Discussion of Venereal
Disease on the Air, as follows:

"The U. S. Public Health Service has brought to our attention the reluctance
on the part of certain broadcast stations to air educational programs in which the
subject of the venereal diseases is treated.

"It is more than unfortunate that such reluctance exists. The regrettable
facts, particularly in wartime, cannot be evaded. Venereal diseases especially
syphilis and gonorrhea are now a major health problem in this country. One
out of every 42 persons in the United States, the Public Health Service estimates,
suffers from syphilis. In peacetime the problem is always serious; in wartime it
takes fighters from the fighting front, and workers from the production line.
Medical science finds it impossible to check effectively the ravages of venereal
disease unless frank and intelligent presentation of the problem is brought before
the public.

"Health education is a vital part of the venereal disease control program.
Since radio is a principal medium for educating and informing the public, it
seems imperative to the Office of War Information that authoritative material on
this subject should not be barred from the air. The constant menace of venereal
disease far outweighs in importance any squeamish scruples that may try to
ignore its existence.

"We wish to point out that the major networks have already led the way in
this crusade. They have uniformly expressed their willingness to schedule public
health broadcasts, approved by accredited experts, dealing with the subject of
venereal diseases, and to permit the frank use of the words syphilis and gonorrhea
on the air.

"It is therefore the earnest recommendation of the Office of War Information
that

(1) all managers and program directors of individual stations give open-minded
consideration to requests for air time made by competent medical authori-
ties for educational purposes in the national campaign against venereal
diseases, and that

(2) they grant to these competent authorities such adequate facilities as are
needed for a full presentation of this problem which so seriously threatens
the welfare of the soldiers and workers who must fight this war. ' '

National Sheriffs' Association Continues Cooperation. Following
up its resolution against prostitution, adopted at the Sheriffs' War
Conference in Columbus, Ohio, September 16-18 (see October JOURNAL
OF SOCIAL HYGIENE, page 436), the National Sheriffs' Association
devoted the September-October issue of its magazine, The National
Sheriff, largely to a discussion of social hygiene problems. Featured
were articles by Director Eliot Ness of the Social Protection Section,
by Charles J. Hahn, Jr., Executive Secretary of the Sheriffs' Asso-
ciation, and by Colonel Joseph P. Dillon of the Provost Marshal
General's Office, U. S. Army.

A special edition of this publication, accompanied by a letter from
Director Ness thanking them for past support and inviting further
cooperation, was sent to 3,600 county sheriffs throughout the United
States. Also enclosed was a copy of Philip Broughton 's Public Affairs
pamphlet Prostitution and the War.



NATIONAL. EVENTS 563

Pharmacists Increase Cooperation. A recently completed study
made by the American Social Hygiene Association reveals decided
gains in the cooperation of pharmacists in the wartime control of
venereal diseases. In visits to 716 drugstores in 46 cities in 15 states,
it was found that 57 per cent urged the inquirer to seek immediate
and properly qualified medical care. Only 11- per cent of druggists
interviewed offered diagnosis and treatment for conditions presumed
to be syphilis and gonorrhea. Thirty-two per cent sold remedies on
specific request, but did not attempt to diagnose, and in a large pro-
portion of the drugstores where remedies are stocked and sold, the
pharmacist advised that "self -medication is bad and dangerous
business. ' '

This shows a decided improvement over conditions found in 1939
and 1940 when the ASHA made a similar study of 1,151 drugstores in
35 cities and 26 states in cooperation with the U. S. Public Health
Service. At that time 62 per cent of the drugstores visited offered to
diagnose and treat syphilis or gonorrhea, and only 7 per cent refused
to make a diagnosis or sell patent remedies.

Keport of this first survey, which appeared in Venereal Disease
Information, January, 1940, received wide publicity and stimulated
the formation of the Joint Committee of the American Pharmaceutical
Association and the American Social Hygiene Association. Organized
to bring about closer cooperation between physicians and the pharma-
cists in eradicating syphilis and gonorrhea, the Committee has con-
stantly urged druggists to observe the following principles of ethical
practice regarding the venereal diseases :

1. The pharmacist should make no diagnosis.

2. The pharmacist should not prescribe for patients.

3. The pharmacist should refer patients to physicians.

4. The pharmacist should not sell "patent medicines" and thus encourage self
medication of these infectious diseases.

5. The pharmacist should distribute literature of an informational nature
regarding syphilis and gonorrhea. Such material may be obtained from
health departments and from the American Social Hygiene Association.

6. The pharmacist should cooperate with the pharmaceutical society and official
and voluntary health agencies in promoting high professional standards.

7. The pharmacist should stock and sell only reliable products for chemical and
mechanical prophylaxis of venereal diseases, and provide reliable information
regarding the value and limitations of accepted prophylactics used under
approved conditions.

Subsequent re-studies in the original 35 cities disclosed that many
of the stores formerly diagnosing and selling remedies were no longer
doing so, but were instead recommending competent physicians and
venereal disease clinics. The further improvement noted in the latest
survey bears witness to the successful work of the Joint Committee
and the many state and local pharmaceutical societies which have kept
these aims before their membership, and in many communities to the
steady, competent work in this field of the local social hygiene societies
and health departments.



564 JOUBNAL, OP SOCIAL HYGIENE

Army Assignments. The following transfers and changes are re-
ported by Lt. Col. Thomas B. Turner, Chief, Venereal Disease Con-
trol Division, Office of the Surgeon General:

Washington Headquarters:

Major Thomas H. Sternberg (M.C.), formerly Venereal Disease Control
Officer for the First Service Command, Boston, is now Chief, Treatment
Section, Venereal Disease Control Division.

First Service Command:

Major Glen W. McDonald (M.C.) has been assigned as Venereal Disease
Control Officer for the First Service Command, Headquarters, 808 Common-
wealth Avenue, Boston.

Eighth Service Command:

Major William C. Summer (M.C.)

(Service Command headquarters have been transferred from Fort Sam

Houston, San Antonio, Texas, to the Santa Fe Building, Dallas, Texas.)

Urology Award. The American Urological Association offers an
annual award "not to exceed $500" for an essay (or essays) on the
result of some specific clinical or laboratory research in urology. The
amount of the prize is based on the merits of the work presented,
and if the Committee on Scientific Research deem none of the offerings
worthy, no award will be made. Competitors shall be limited to resi-
dents in urology in recognized hospitals and to urologists who have
been in such specific practice for not more than five years.

The selected essay (or essays) will appear on the program of the
forthcoming meeting of the American Urological Association, May 31-
June 3, 1943, Hotel Jefferson, St. Louis, Missouri.

Essays must be in the hands of the Secretary, Dr. Thomas D. Moore,
899 Madison Avenue, Memphis, Tenn., on or before March 1, 1943.



THE AMERICAN SOCIAL HYGIENE ASSOCIATION

organized in 1914, is the national voluntary agency for social hygiene.

At present, with emphasis on war needs, the Association undertakes

to promote an " 8-point program on the 48 state fronts ". . .

I. Rally more citizens fo fight syphilis and best safeguard against "bad times in bad

gonorrhea and commercialized prostitution company "; to clean up community condi-

fhrough community action. Train leaders to tions leading to delinquency; to aid victims

guide such action, and teach others. of bad conditions make a new start, particu-



,

2. Tell the great masses of the people the larly women girls and young men exploited
truth about these dangerous diseases how by the P r **' f "t' on racketeers.

they attack the nation's strength, how they 6 . Help health officers, physicians, pharma-
may be avo.ded, how cured. c ; s , Si nj/fje$/ soc ; o/ worfa>fs gnd ofh j fra}ned

3. Aid employers and workers, especially in persons to drive out the venereal disease
war industries, to strengthen manpower and quacks and charlatans; to give sound counsel
stop financial loss and needless suffering by * i" fecte d persons.

striking at syphilis and gonorrhea. -, u i

7. Help parents, teachers and church leaders

4. Lessen opportunities for exposure to ve- provide suitable sex education for children
nereal diseases by helping to enforce exist- and youth and practical preparation for
ing laws against the commercialized prosti- marriage, parenthood and family life.
tution racket; advise and assist in securing

better laws where needed. 8 ' Stud Y ltatlont 'l and community conditions

and programs, official and voluntary, and

5. Help communities^ to provide " good times keep all concerned informed regarding
in good company " for young people as the progress and results, in peace or in war.

The Association needs money to continue and enlarge these services. As a

voluntary organization, its work is supported by gifts and membership

dues. Most contributions range from $5 to $100. Annual dues

are $2.00. Please send your check to

THE AMERICAN SOCIAL HYGIENE ASSOCIATION
1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y.

OFFICERS AND DIBECTOE8

Honorary President: EDWAED L. KEYES, M.D.

President: EAY LYMAN WILBUB, MJX*

Vice-Presiidents

SBWELL L. AVERT FRANK H. LAHEY, M.D.

MBS. CHESTER C. BOI/TON JOHN H. STOKES, M J>.

Secretary: MAUBICE A. BIGELOW
Treasurer: TIMOTHY N. PFEIFFER
Chairman of the Executive Committee: WILLIAM F. SNOW, M.D.

Executive Director: WALTEB CLARKE, M.D.
Chairman of the General Advisory Committee: THOMAS PABBAN, M.D.

BOAED OF DIEECTOES

CHARLES H. BABCOCK ALAN JOHNSTONS

GEORGE BAEHR, M.D.* Eoss T. MC!NTIRE, M.D.

EGBERT H. BISHOP, JR., M.D." RT. EEV. ARTHUR E. MOKINSTBY

BAILEY B. BURRITT * JAMES C. MAGEE, M.D.

ALBERT J. CHKSLEY, M.D. PHILIP E. MATHER*

Louis I. DUBLIN FRED T. MURPHY, M.D,

KENDALL EMERSON, M.D.* THOMAS PARRAN, M.D.

EGBERT P. FISCHELIS PERCY 8. PELOUZZ, MJ>.

IRA V. HISCOCK ALPHONSE M. SOHWITALLA, 8.J.

MBRBITTJ W. IRELAND, MJ).* WILLIAM F. SNOW, M.D.*

COMMITTEE ON WAE ACTIVITIES
PHILIP B. MATHER, Chairman

SBWZLL L. AVZRY FRED T. MUBPHY, M.D.

MERRITO W. IRELAND, M.D. WILLIAM F. Snow, MJX

* Member of Executive Committee.



CONTENTS OF RECENT ISSUES

APRIL, 1942
Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.

The Program in Action in the States and Communities, Part I.
State and Community Summaries Alabama to Kansas

MAY, 1942

Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.

The Program in Action in the States and Communities, Part II.
State and Community Summaries, continued. Kentucky New York

JUNE, 1942
Social Hygiene in Wartime. I.

The Program in Action in the States and Communities, Part III.
State and Community Summaries, continued

North Carolina to Wyoming

U. 8. Possessions Alaska, Puerto Rico, Hawaii
National Agencies

OCTOBER, 1942

Social Hygiene in Wartime. II.
Prostitution, Social Protection and the Police.



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