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og Issue
- 1969


he Washington College of Law is one of seven schools and colleges
of The American University. The University offers degrees from the associate
level through the doctorate in various fields. The American University
Catalog includes details about:

College of Arts and Sciences, School of Business Administration, School of
Government and Public Administration, School of International Service,
College of Continuing Education, and Lucy Webb Hayes School of Nursing.

For complete information and Catalog concerning other Schools and
Colleges of the University, phone, write or visit:


Massachusetts and Nebraska Avenues, N.W.
Washington, D. C. 20016 Telephone: Area Code 202 244-6800

All inquiries and communications relative to the Law School must be sent
directly to:




Massachusetts and Nebraska Avenues, N.W.
Washington, D. C. 20016 Telephone: Area Code 202 244-6800

The American University is fully accredited by the Middle States Association
of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The Washington College of Law is
fully accredited. See p. 9.

Regulations Subject to Change

Because of the nature of the educational process, the admission
requirements, courses and degrees available, degree and graduation
requirements, charges, costs and other information contained in this
Bulletin are subject to change without notice by the University and are
to be considered as informational only and not binding in any way on
the University. Each step of the educational process from admission
through graduation requires approval by appropriate University officials.
The University reserves the right to change any requirement, to deny
admission, and after a student is admitted to require a student to with-
draw or to refuse to grant a degree if a student does not satisfy the
University in its sole judgment that he ''as satisfactorily met its degree



Washington College of Law

CATALOG 1968-1969

Information as of September 1, 1967

Volume 44

Number 4

January, 1968






Academic Calendar 4

Administrative Officers of the University 5

Administration, Washington College of Law 5

Law Faculty °

The Study of Law in the Nation's Capital 8

History 9

Facilities 9

Objectives and Methods of Instruction 10

Admission Requirements 10

Advanced Standing 12

Unclassified Students 12

Auditors 13

Combined Degree Program 13

Summer Session 13

Degree Requirements 14

Financial Information 16

Academic Standards 18

Examinations 18

Attendance 19

Student Life and Activities 19

Residence Accommodations 21

Placement Service 21

Financial Assistance 22

Awards 23

Programs of Study 24

Courses of Instruction

Required Courses 29

Elective Courses 31

The Corporation 33


Orientation for new students


Classes begin

Last classes before Thanksgiving

Classes resume

Last day of classes

Final examinations begin

Examination period ends

Registration for all students
Classes begin
Last classes before Easter
Classes resume
Last day of classes
Final examinations begin
Examination period ends

1968 Fall

September 3
September 3-4
September 5
November 27
December 2
December 21
January 6
January 17

1969 Spring

January 21-22
January 23
April 2
April 7
May 10
May 19
May 29
June 8

Classes begin
Summer Session ends

1969 Summer

June 2
June 2
August 2

Final examinations in the Summer Session are given at the last class in each course.

An application form for admission is available and detachable from the
center fold of this Catalog.

The American University Bulletin is published by The American University, Massachu-
setts and Nebraska Avenues, Northwest, Washington, D. C. 20016, monthly except in the
month of July. Second class postage paid at Washin-ton, D. C. Volume 44, No. 4,
January, 1968.

Administrative Officers
of the University

Hurst R. Anderson, L.H.D., LL.D., Litt.D. President of the University

Harold H. Hutson, Ph.D., LL.D., L.H.D. Provost

Donald Derby, Ph.D. Vice President: Dean of


William O. Nicholls, M.B.A Vice President: Treasurer and

Business Manager

K. Brent Woodruff, M.A. Vice President: Development

and University Relations

Washington College of Law

B. J. Tennery, M.A., LL.B. Dean

Anthony C. Morella, LL.B. Associate Dean

Robert E. Goostree, Ph.D., LL.B Director of Admissions

Bonnie M. Iandolo, B.A. Registrar

Stanley J. Bougas, M.S.L.S., LL.B. Law Librarian

Law Faculty

B. J. Tennery, B.A., M.A., The George Washington University; LL.B., The
American University. Dean and Professor of Law.

Anthony C. Morella, A.B., Boston University; LL.B., The American Univer-
sity. Associate Dean and Professor of Law.

Robert E. Goostree, B.A., Southwestern at Memphis; M.A., Ph.D., State
University of Iowa; LL.B., The American University. Director of Admis-
sions and Professor of Law.

George F. Bason, Jr., A.B., Davidson College; LL.B., Harvard University.
Assistant Professor of Law.

Stanley J. Bougas, A.B., New York University; M.S.L.S., Columbia Uni-
versity; LL.B., Emory University. Law Librarian and Assistant Professor
of Law.

George D. Horning, B.A., LL.B., Georgetown University. Professor of Law.

Louis C. James, B.S., LL.B., University of Virginia; M.A., LL.M., Columbia
University. Professor of Law.

A. Allen King, B.S., LL.B., University of Tulsa; LL.M., University of
Michigan. Professor of Law.

Nicholas N. Kittrie, M.A., LL.B., Kansas University; LL.M., Georgetown
University. Professor of Law.

Robert B. Lubic, A.B., LL.B., University of Pittsburgh; M.P.L., Georgetown
University. Associate Professor of Law.

Edwin A. Mooers, Sr., LL.B., LL.D., Washington College of Law. Professor
of Law Emeritus, in Residence.

John Sherman Myers, B.S., LL.B., Harvard University. Professor of Law;
Dean Emeritus.

Harold C. Petrowitz, B.S., University of Michigan; LL.B., LL.M., George-
town University; LL.M., Columbia University. Associate Professor of Law.


Gilbert E. Andrews, Jr., A.B., J.D., University of Chicago. Lecturer in Law.
Robert M. Beckman, B.A., LL.B.. University of Pennsylvania. Professorial

Lecturer in Law.
Harry A. Boswell, Jr., B.S., University of Maryland; LL.B., Georgetown

University. Professorial Lecturer in Law.
Robert C. Byrd, LL.B., The American University. Professorial Lecturer

in Law.
Jonathan S. Cohen, B.A., Yale University; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania;

LL.M., New York University. Lecturer in Law.
James J. Collins, B.S., Holy Cross College; M.D., J.D., Georgetown Univer-

ity. Lecturer in Law.
Daniel T. Coughlin, B.A., Ohio State University; LL.B., Boston College.

Lecturer in Law.
Robert E. Ellert, B.A., B.C.L., College of William and Mary; S.J.D., The

George Washington University. Lecturer in Law.
John B. Farmakides, B.S., Western Reserve University; LL.B., The George

Washington University; LL.M., Georgetown University. Lecturer in Law.
Julius I. Fox, B.S., Lowell Institute; B.C.S., Southeastern University; LL.B.,

The American University. Professorial Lecturer in Law.
Egon Guttman, LL.B., LL.M., University of London. Visiting Associate Pro-
fessor of Law.
Philip Levy, B.S., City College of New York; LL.B., Columbia University.

Professorial Lecturer in Law.
Edwin A. Mooers, Jr., LL.B., Washington College of Law. Professorial

Lecturer in Law.
Gerald D. O'Brien, B.S.E.E., The George Washington University; LL.B.,

Washington College of Law; M.P.L., National University Law School.

Professorial Lecturer in Law.
Carrington Shields, A.B., Randolph Macon Women's College; LL.B., The

American University; LL.M., University of Michigan. Professorial Lec-
turer in Law.

Elizabeth Tennery, B.A., LL.B., The American University. Lecturer in Law.

George D. Webster, B.A., Maryville College; LL.B., Harvard University.

Professorial Lecturer in Law.
Barnard T. Welsh, B.A.. Duke University; LL.B., University of Maryland;

LL.M., The George Washington University. Professorial Lecturer in Law.


Rebecca Love Notz, B.A., The George Washington University; LL.B., Wash-
ington College of Law. Professorial Lecturer in Law Emeritus.

Ralph A. Newman, A.B., LL.B., Harvard University. Professor of Law

Elizabeth P. Cubberley, LL.B., Washington College of Law. Professor of
Law Emeritus.

Mary L. Martin, LL.B., Washington College of Law. Professor of Law

The Study of Law
In The Nation's Capital

With traditions deeply rooted in the past, the Law is among the most
venerable of the learned professions. It is the foundation of our modern
free society with its emphasis on the value of the individual. Our democracy
and our freedom owe their vigor to the continuity of government by Law.

As the Law plays a vital role in our society, so the successful study
of Law plays a vital role in preparing the individual to take a significant
place in private practice, government service, business, or education. The
study of the Law is an exacting discipline, but the goals to be achieved are
correspondingly rewarding.

Washington, the capital of the nation, offers the law student an unparalleled
opportunity to observe the development of the Law. Here is the greatest
legal laboratory in the world, affording first hand glimpses of the processes
of the Law. from the determination of the smallest claim to the epoch-
making decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. Here are
housed the great administrative agencies of the federal government whose
activities affect the daily lives of even,' citizen. Here is the Congress where
all federal laws are made, and the Department of Justice, charged with
the enforcement of those laws. Here, too, are the Library of Congress and
the specialized libraries of government departments containing the greatest
collection of legal research materials in the world. Here, in short, is an
unequalled repository of Law.

Students at the Washington College of Law enjoy the unique opportunity
for direct observation of the development and operation of the Law at all
levels. Here is a matchless opportunity to prepare to represent future clients
at the very center of the nation's legal life.

Graduates of the Washington College of Law have made a distinguished
record in this respected and influential profession as practitioners, jurists,
government attorneys, educators, executives, and legislators, and in private

The John Sherman Myers Law Building on The American University
Campus was dedicated by the Chief Justice of the United States in Septem-
ber. 1964, completely modern in every respect and designed specifically for
the study of Law.



The Washington College of Law was founded on February 1, 1896, and
incorporated in the District of Columbia in 1898. Co-educational from the
start, it offered women an equal opportunity for the study of Law. Its
graduates, men and women, have contributed everywhere to the well-being
of America for more than three generations.

From its inception, the Washington College of Law has stressed the
advantages of instruction in Law in classes taught by faculty members who
are not only sound scholars and masterful teachers, but who have had
substantial experience in the practice of the Law. The Law School has
maintained ideals and policies designed to prepare its graduates to become
not only competent practitioners of the Law, both public and private, but
valuable citizens of their communities.

The Washington College of Law became a professional division of
The American University in 1949. Today it is an integral part of that
vigorous and growing Protestant institution of higher learning and provides
both full-time and part-time programs of study leading to the degree of
Juris Doctor.

The Washington College of Law is fully accredited. It is a member of the
Association of American Law Schools and approved by the American Bar
Association. In addition, the Law School meets the requirements for prepara-
tion for the bar in all states and carries the certification of the United States
District Court for the District of Columbia as well as the New York State
Department of Education.


The Washington College of Law occupies the John Sherman Myers Law
Building on The American University Campus, at Massachusetts and
Nebraska Avenues, Northwest. The building contains the administrative
offices of the Law School, classrooms, the Law Library, and all other Law
School facilities and activities. It is fully air-conditioned.

The Library of the Washington College of Law is administered by the
Law Librarian and staff under the supervision of the Dean and Faculty of
the Law School. It contains approximately 41,000 volumes, including all
United States statutes; the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United
States and the lower federal courts; numerous state reports; the National
Reporter System; the standard English reports; the Codes of the District of
Columbia, the fifty states, the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico; the leading
encyclopedias, digests, compendia citators, reference books and services,
annotated reports and more than one hundred law reviews. It is, of course,
fully catalogued.

In addition to the Law Library, students enrolled in the Washington Col-
lege of Law have access to any of the University libraries and have available
the resources and library facilities of the Nation's Capital, including the
Library of Congress and its impressive collection of legal authorities.

Objectives and Methods of Instruction

The programs of the Washington College of Law are designed to provide
a thorough legal education and thus to prepare students for the practice of
Law in any of the states, and to provide them with the professional
foundations for a legal career. The Law School seeks to develop in each
student a consciousness of the responsibility of the lawyer to society for the
improvement of the Law and human welfare, whether in public or private
pursuits. The Law School proceeds on the assumption that character and
social consciousness are indispensable qualifications of a good lawyer.

To accomplish these objectives, the curriculum and the related student
activities are designed to combine knowledge of legal principles with the
ability to apply them. The Law Faculty presents courses in a manner
planned to develop in the student:

(1) an understanding of the underlying principles of Law;

(2) the power of analysis to the end that he may exercise sound judgment
and discrimination in the practical application of those principles;

(3) an awareness of the relationship between jurisprudence and the social

(4) the use of legal research tools and techniques:

(5) a sharpened and creative imagination so that legal principles may be
adapted to new and ever-changing situations.

The Law School employs the "case method" of instruction as it has been
developed in modern materials, supplemented by seminars, independent
research projects, and moot court work at both trial and appellate level.
Each course provides abundant opportunity for each student to exercise
his own reasoning power in solving legal problems. Every student enjoys
maximum opportunity to participate in classroom discussions and to develop
close personal relations with the Law Faculty.

Admission Requirements

Undergraduate Degree: Applicants for admission must have received a
four-year baccalaureate degree granted by an approved college or university.

Law School Admission Test: Each applicant must take the Law School
Admission Test well in advance of his expected entry into the Law School.
The test is administered by the Educational Testing Service, Box 944,
Princeton, New Jersey 08540, in cooperation with leading law schools
throughout the country and is given four times a year at various locations
throughout the United States and in a number of foreign countries. Arrange-
ments to take the test must be made directly with the Educational Testing

General Information: Beginning students may enter the Washington Col-
lege of Law only in the fall semester. Students with advanced standing or
those who are taking courses for transfer credit to other law schools may
enter in the fall or the spring semesters and in the summer session.

Each applicant must indicate whether he intends to study Law on a full-
time or part-time basis. (A student who is enrolled for twelve or more hours
a semester is a full-time student.)


An applicant is admitted to either the full-time or part-time program and
must register and continue in the program to which he was admitted. He
may transfer from one program to the other only with express permission.

A full-time student may not engage in outside employment for more
than twenty hours per week.

It is the responsibility of each student to determine the qualifications for
taking the bar examination in a given state, including the sufficiency of his
undergraduate college work, and to take the necessary steps to qualify for
a particular bar examination. Some states, for example, require that an
applicant register with the bar examiners prior to entering law school.

Each application and its supporting file will be evaluated to determine
whether the applicant appears reasonably capable of pursuing successfully
the study of Law. The Law School may require submission of additional
data and information, or may take any other action it deems helpful in
determining an applicant's qualifications.

Due to the large number of applicants and the fact that they come from
most States and several foreign countries, a personal interview with each
applicant is not feasible. Any applicant who desires to visit the Law School,
however, will be welcome. The Director of Admissions will be glad to
confer personally with any applicant and to answer any inquiries he may
have regarding admission.

To allow adequate opportunity for the necessary evaluation, applications
and supporting data must be submitted as early as possible and if received
after May 1 have little chance of being considered for the Fall Semester.
Additional application forms are available upon request to the Law School.

In order to be considered for admission, each applicant must submit to
the Director of Admissions, Washington College of Law, The American
University, Washington, D. C. 20016, the following:

(1) A formal application for admission to the Law School accompanied
by the required non-refundable application fee.

(2) An official transcript from each college or university attended (includ-
ing professional schools) showing in detail the academic record of
the applicant. (Transcripts will be accepted from no source other
than the issuing institution and, when received, become the property
of the Law School and a permanent part of the applicant's file.)

(3) An official copy of the Law School Admission Test score(s).

Accepted beginning students are required, at the time of acceptance, to
make a non-refundable deposit, currently $100, to be applied against tuition
if they register and to be forfeited if they do not. If the deposit is not made
as required, the acceptance is cancelled.

Any applicant who has attended another law school will be considered only
if the applicant is in good standing at that law school and unconditionally
eligible to return. There are no exceptions.


Advanced Standing

An applicant who has received his baccalaureate degree and has pursued
a portion of his legal education in an approved law school may apply for
advanced standing at the Washington College of Law provided that he is
in good standing at the law school attended and unconditionally eligible
to return to that law school. The applicant must submit an official tran-
script of such prior law school attendance as well as from all other colleges
and universities attended. He must also submit all other data required for
admission as indicated above. To be eligible for a degree, the applicant
with transfer credits from another law school must complete a minimum
of twenty-eight semester hours at the Washington College of Law with a
"C" or better grade average.

Advanced standing is granted on a provisional basis. A student will be
given full standing for his prior work provided he completes his first year
of full-time study (or the equivalent in part-time study) at the Washington
College of Law with a grade average of "C" or better.

An advanced standing applicant may be admitted for the fall, spring or
summer provided an appropriate program of study is available.

Unclassified Students

Degree candidates from other approved law schools may be admitted for
the fall, spring or summer as unclassified students to earn credits for transfer
to the applicant's law school. The applicant must be in good standing at his
own law school and must secure the written approval of his dean.

Admission requirements include:

(1) A formal application for admission accompanied by the required
non-refundable application fee.

(2) A letter from the dean of the applicant's law school to which the
credits will be transferred stating:

a. the applicant is in good academic standing,

b. the specific courses approved for the applicant's study, and

c. the applicant will receive transfer credit for all courses in which
he receives an acceptable grade

Unclassified students are not required to submit transcripts, or Law School
Admission Test scores.



Members of the bar, graduates from approved law schools, and other
qualified individuals may be admitted at the discretion of the Dean to enroll
as auditors. Normally, an auditor is expected to prepare all assignments and
to participate in classroom discussion, but he takes no examinations and
receives no academic credit.

Combined Degree Program

Qualified undergraduate students who were actually in attendance at The
American University on or before April 15, 1965, are eligible to apply for
the Combined Degree Program leading to an undergraduate degree and a law
degree after the completion of six academic years of approved study on
a full-time basis or the equivalent in part-time study. No applications for
the Combined Degree Program will be considered after May 1, 1968.
Combined Degree applicants will not be admitted into the Law School after
the Fall Semester, 1968.

A student entering the Combined Degree Program must have completed,
satisfactorily, a minimum of ninety semester hours of undergraduate work,
the last thirty hours of which must have been taken at The American
University, and have fulfilled all requirements of the University's School or
College in which the undergraduate degree will be granted before he is
eligible to enter the Washington College of Law.

Students interested in the Combined Degree Program should consult with
a pre-legal adviser in order to make certain that all undergraduate require-
ments will be fulfilled. He should also consult with the Director of Admis-
sions of the Law School concerning his eligibility under its admission

The Law Faculty believes that the Combined Degree Program should
be undertaken only by exceptional individuals. It believes that in the vast
majority of cases the student will be well advised to engage in law study
only after he has received his undergraduate degree.

Summer Session

A summer session is offered each year which begins in early June and
continues for a period of nine weeks. The summer session classes generally
are held only in the evenings.

In order to assure the student as wide a selection of elective courses as

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