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Catalog 1992-1993

Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive

in 2010 witii funding from

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation

The American




effective Fall 1992

Washington, D.C.


Undergraduate Admission

OfQce of Admissions and Financial Aid

Hamilton Building

(202) 885-6000 fax (202) 885-6014

Graduate Admission

OfBce of Graduate Affairs and Admissions

Anderson Hall lower level


Program Information

Appropriate college, school, or depxartment

On-Campus Housing

OfQce of Residential Life. Mary Graydon Center 200.

(202) 885-3370


Office of Housing Management, McDowell Hall 4,

(202) 885-2599

Scholarships and Loans

Office of Admissions and Financial Aid,

Hamilton Building


Part-Time Employment

Director for Placement, Career Center

Butler Pavilion 5th floor


Financial Transactions

Office of Student Accounts

Asbury Building 300


Records and Transcripts

Office of the Registrar

Asbury Building 2nd floor

(202) 885-2232, fax (202) 885-1052

Student Activities

OfQce of Student ActiviUes

Mary Graydon Center 220

(202) 885-3390

International Student Information

Office of Internatlonal-lntercultural Student Services,

Butler Pavilion 408

(202) 885-3350, fax (202) 885-3354

University News and Public Information

Office of University Relations

Constitution Building, Tenley Campus

(202) 885-5940

Alunuii Relations

Office of Alumni Relations

Constitution Building, Tenley Campus

(202) 885-5960

For additional Information, call write, or visit

Office of Admissions and Financial Aid

The American University

4400 Massachusetts Avenue. N.W.

Washington, DC 20016

(202) 885-6000

The American University Catalog is published by

The Office of the University Registrar

Donald W. Bunls, University Registrar

Mary-Ellen Jones, Editor

Kathleen Summers, Senior Publications Assistant

Laura Cohen, Publications Assistant

In cooperation with
The Office of University Relations
Karen Lebovlch, Director.
University Publications and Printing

limitations on Catalog Provisions

The educational process necessitates change. This pub-
lication must be considered Informational and not binding
on the university.

Each step of the educational process, from admission
through graduation, requires appropriate approval by uni-
versity officials. The university must, therefore, reserve the
right to change admission requirements or to refuse to
grant credit or a degree If a student does not satisfy the
university, in Its sole Judgment, that he or she has satis-
factorily met its requirements.

Equal Opportunity

The American University provides equal
opportunity for all qualified persons In its
educational programs and activities. The university
does not discriminate on the basis of race, color,
religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status,
personal appearance, sexual orientation, family
responsibilities, political afniiatlon, source of
income, or physical handicap. The policy of equal
opportunity applies to every aspect of the operations
and activities of the university generally, and
includes admissions and employment.


Introduction 1

University Profile 4

Enrollment 1991-1992 6

Degrees Conferred, 1990-1991 6

Fields of Study 7

Academic Calendar 9

Undergraduate Study 11

Admission 11

Degrees 15

Fields of Study 15

University Degree Requirements 16

Academic Standards and Regulations 18

University Honors and Awards 20

General Education Program 23

Graduate Study 29

Admission 29

University Degree Requirements 36

Academic Standards and Regulations 38

Nondegree Study 41

International Student Information 43

Tuition, Expense*, and Financial Aid 47

Tuition and Expenses 47

Financial Aid 50

Graduate Financial Aid 57

Veterans' Benefits 58

Student Life 69

Division of Student Life 59

Student Organizations 64

Career Service* 67

General Academic Information and Regulations . 69

College of Arts and Sciences 79

American Studies 81

Anthropology 82

Art 85

Audio Technology 90

Biology 91

Chemistry 95

School of Communication 99

Computer Science and Information Systems . . .105

Ek»nomlcs 109

School of Education 115

Health and Fitness 122

History 123

Interdepartmental Science 125

Jewish Studies 126

Language and Foreign Studies 127

Literature 131

Mathematics 134

Performing Arts 138

Philosophy and Religion 144

Physics 147

Pre-englneertng 149

Prelaw 150

Premedlcal 150

Psychology 151

Sociology 155

StatlsUcs 160

Women's Studies 164

Kogod College of Business Administration . . . 165

School of International Service 176

School of Public A£Eairs 191

Government 193

Justice. Law and Society 197

Public AdmlnlstraUon 201

Washington College of Law 209

Interdisciplinary Degree Progriuns 211

Continuing Studies 219

Special University Programs 225

Courses of Instruction (Course Descriptions] . . 231

Full-Time Faculty, 1991-1992 356

Adjunct Faculty, 1991-1992 369

Research Faculty, 1991-1992 383

Administration and Board of Trustees 384

Index of Courses and Course Number Prefixes . 385

Index 387

Campus Map 396


The programs In this catalog reflect the American
University's academic tradition and Its development as a
comprehensive university In the nation's capital.

Incorporated In 1891 and chartered by Act of Congress
In 1893, the university was founded as a Methodist- related
graduate school of history and public affairs. Today Amer-
ican University offers a wide range of graduate and under-
graduate degree programs, and nondegree study as well,
through Its five major divisions: the Colle^ of Arts and
Sciences, which comprises more than twenty teaching
units Including the School of Communication and the
School of Education; the School of Public Affairs; the
School of International Service; Kogod College of Business
Administration; and Washington College of Law.


The distinguished faculty of the American University
Includes renowned experts and scholars: artists, perform-
ers, novelists, scientists, business leaders, and poets of
national and International reputation.

To Its full-time faculty of 565, the university adds 480
adjunct faculty members drawn from Washington's pro-
fessional community. A course in government at the Amer-
ican University might be taught by a White House aide or
past presidential candidate, a communication course by a
Pulitzer Prize-winning Journalist, or a history course by a
curator of the Smithsonian. Even heads of state have
taught at the American University.

Resources of Washington, D.C.

The resources of a capital city are unlike any other In
the world. Next to government, education Is the largest
Industry In the District of Columbia. Washington has be-
come an Important business and financial center, with
more associations and trade organizations than New York
City. Some 140 foreign embassies and chanceries and the
headquarters of many International organizations are lo-
cated In the clfy.

But most important, Washington is a city of learning
resources in every discipline, from the arts to the sciences
to public affairs. The Smithsonian Institution, the John F.
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, the National In-
stitutes of Health, the National Library of Medicine, the
Library of Congress, the World Bank, the National Ar-
chives, the Brookings Institution, and the Chamtier of
Commerce of the U.S.A. are all located in Washington, D.C.

The libraries, museums, and art galleries of Washington
contain unsurpassed collections. These resources tiecome
sites of research, field trips, internships, cooperative edu-
cation placements, and part-time Jotxs. Because of these
resources, American University students can put their ed-
ucation to work as they could nowhere else In the country.

The Campus

Massachusetts Avenue runs from the bustle of down-
town Washington, through Embassy Row, by the Wash-
ington Cathedral, through wooded Glover-Archbold Park,
to Ward Circle. Here on the hill where Massachusetts and
Nebraska Avenues meet sits the 77-acre main campus of
the American University. In a beautiful residential area,
the campus is a tranquil setting for study.

Apart from yet a part of the city, American University
Is a short distance from Washington's centers of govern-
ment, business, research, commerce and art. The univer-
sity is served by major city bus routes and a campus
shuttle to a nearby subway stop.

The 37 buildings on the campus Include the university
library and law library, residence halls, an interdenomina-
tional religious center, a sports and convocation center,
and a campus center.

The satellite Tenley Campus, located a mile from the
university's main site. Is the location of the Washington
Semester program.

University library

The Jack I. and Dorothy G. Bender Library contains over
555,000 volumes, 690,000 microforms, 1,400 film and
video titles, and 2,900 periodical titles. The reference col-
lection includes atlases, encyclopedias, directories, guides.

2 Introduction

and bibliographies and periodical Indexes In both print and
CD-ROM formats. Reference librarians assist In helping
students find Information, conduct online bibliographic
searches, and offer Instruction for library use to students.

Bender Library offers quiet study spaces as well as
group study rooms, a typing area, and study space with a
separate entrance that Is open 24 hours a day.

Special collections Include the American University Ar-
chives, rare t)Ooks, and manuscripts. Ebcamples are the
Artemus Martin Collection of materials on mathematics
and the Splnks Collection of Japanese materials.

All students are encouraged to Inquire at Bender Library
about the availability of research materials t)efore going to
other libraries.

The American University Is a member of the Consortium
of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area. Amer-
ican University students may use material In all libraries
of member institutions, and currently enrolled graduate
students may borrow material from consortium member

The library Is a member of the OCLC library network,
which provides online access to bibliographic Information
on over 20 million Items In 10,000 libraries.

Computing Center

The computing center serves the research and Instruc-
tional needs of both faculty and students for micro and
mainframe computing resources. Services are available 24
hours a day. There are no charges to registered students
for academic use of the resources. Two mainframe com-
puters, an IBM 3090 and an IBM ES/9000, are accessible
through telephone modem or In on-campus laboratories.
Microcomputers are available In eleven computer lalxjra-
tories across campus, all supported with technical staff to
assist In using a broad range of standard applications.
Throughout the year the center and labs offer free training
classes on using the university's hardware and software.

Language Resource Center

The language resource center In the Asbuiy Building
can serve up to ninety students simultaneously using
audio, video, stlll-fllm, and computer-assisted Instruction.
This facility of the Department of Language and Foreign
Studies Is open to the entire university community for
Instruction and research Involving tmth languages and ed-
ucational media.

Science Laboratories

Lalxsratory facilities In the Beeghly Chemistry Building
Include modem teaching and research laboratories as well
as a computer room, a dark room, a controlled temperature
room. Instrument rooms, and an animal facility. The De-
partment of Chemistry Is equipped with standard chemical
Instrumentation, Including spectrometers (FTNMR, FTIR,
UV-VIS, GCMS, AA) and chromatographic equipment (GC.
HPLC, SCFC). Specialized lalwratories have Ijeen estab-
lished for research In biochemistry, polymer chemistry,
and carbohydrate chemistry, and for work requiring an
Inert atmosphere. Graduate and undergraduate students
are Involved In a variety of research projects using the
facilities of the department or through cooperative agree-
ments with many governmental lalxiratories.

Research facilities of the Department of Physics, housed
In the McKlnley Building, Include general and advanced
lat)oratories, a DEC workstation, electronics and audio
technology equipment, a recording studio, an electronic-
music studio, a machine shop, and Mossbauer, critical
phenomena, kinetic molecular, and laser laboratories. Nu-
clear research Is carried out under a cooperative arrange-
ment with the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

The undergraduate teaching laboratories of the Depart-
ment of Biology were recently remodeled with new equip-
ment and modem Instrumentation. Laboratories used for
upper-level courses, graduate courses, and research are
well equipped and are continually upgraded. Students
have the opportunity to gain experience with a wide variety
of techniques Including sclenUflc methodology and exper-
imental design, nuclelc-acld Isolation, protein and nuclelc-
acld design, electrophoresis, bacteria and primary cell
structure, electrophyslology, Immunohlstochemlstry. flu-
orescence microscopy, histology, aseptic technique, and
quantitative genetic analysis. The facilities In the Depart-
ment of Biology and cooperative agreements with various
government lalwratories make possible opportunities for
research In environmental, ecological, and biomedical sci-

Media Center

The Media Center operates the Mark Wechsler Theater,
a 100-seat screening room that affords an Intimate setting
for nightly offerings of classic and contemporary cinema.
The center Is also a full-scale audio-visual resource facility
providing administrative and technical support for the film
studies and production courses offered by the Department
of Literature and the School of Communication. Housed
within the center are a selective film and video collection,
reference works, film catalogues, and files of film-related
material. The center frequently sponsors special events
such as film festivals, guest filmmakers, seminars, premier
screenings, and the annual Student Visual Media Festival,
as well as facilitating events sponsored by embassies, fllm
societies, and nonprofit organizations and associations.
The projection facilities are fully equipped for 16- and
35mm film, as well as large screen video In five formats,
laserdisc, and computer multimedia projection. A bian-
nual film calendar Is published at the Ijeglnnlng of each
semester. The Media Center Is located In room 319 of the
Mary Graydon Center.

Music, Dance, and Theatre Facilities

The Kre^er Building, housing the Department of Per-
forming Arts, has twenty-five practice rooms, twenty of
them with pianos; a chamt)er-muslc recital hall seating
130; and one large rehearsal space. Housed within the
building Is the Record-Score Collection administered by
the university library. It has facilities for TV tape viewing
and record. CD. and tape listening. Available through the
university library and music library are over 10,000 vol-
umes of music scores and books and over 10,000 disc
recordings. Housed elsewhere In the building is a large
collection of choral, orchestral. Jazz, and symphonic wind

The Experimental Theatre serves as the malnstage fa-
cility for the Department of Performing Arts, where plays,
musicals, and dance concerts are performed. Downstairs

Introduction 3

In the same building are the production office and the
scene shop, where sets are built

The Hughes McDowell Connecting Lounge, which con-
nects the two residence halls, is a large dance studio where
many dance classes and rehearsals take place. McDowell
room 7 Is a smaller dance studio. Both are equipped with
t)arres, mirrors, and dance Ooors.

Art Facilitiea

The Art Department Is housed mainly in the Watklns
Building, with additional classrooms and studio space In
the McKlnley Building. There are classrooms with special
equipment to handle drawing, painting, prlntmaklng,
etching, sculpture, design, and ceramics classes as well as
art history classes. The department also maintains the
Watklns Gallery, a long-established gallery with changing
exhibitions. Including the Watklns Collection and works
by faculty, students, and other artists.


WAMU 88.5 FM is a 24 hour, 50,000 watt public radio
station, licensed to the American University since 196 1 . It
ranks among the top ten public radio stations In the coun-
try. WAMU serves more than 350,000 listeners In Virginia,
Maryland, and the District of Columbia with news, talk
programming, and traditional American music. WAMU Is
a not-for-profit radio station. Its support comes from the
American University, local businesses, the Corporation for
Public Broadcasting, and over 25,000 Individual listener
subscribers. Although WAMU-FM Is professionally staffed,
some part-time employment opportunities are available to
students In the business and development offices.


The American University Is a Division I NCAA school
and a member of the Colonial Athletic Association, offering
fifteen Intercollegiate sports. The women's sports offered
Include tennis, basketball, volleyball, field hockey, la-
crosse, cross country, swimming and diving, and soccer.
The men's sports offered Include tennis, basketball, wres-
tling, golf, cross country, swimming and diving, and soc-

Our competitors In the Colonial Athletic Association In-
clude the College of William and Mary, Old Dominion Uni-
versity, E^st Carolina University, the University of North
Carolina at Wilmington, James Madison University,
George Mason University, and University of Richmond.

All students are welcome to try out for the teams, and
all competitions are open to students free of charge. The
Athletic Department also sponsors a full range of Intramu-
ral sports, which are open to all students.

Recreational Facilities

The university maintains on-campus facilities for a va-
riety of recreational activities. The Sports Center has a
natatorium with two pools, two weight rooms, a wrestling
and exercise room, two racquetball courts, two squash
courts, four basketball courts, two voUeytiall courts, and
a Jogging track.

Outdoor facilities include tennis courts and an all-pur-
pose Intramural and recreational field.

National Center for Health Fitness

The National Center for Health Fitness (NCHF) provides
leadership for the nation In the areas of health risk Iden-
tification and lifestyle lmproven>ent The NCHF offers a full
spectrum of health fitness services Including the design.
Implementation, management, and evaluation of worksite
health promotion. The NCHF operates two off-campus
worksite health promotion centers, which are staffed by
the graduate students In the Health Fitness Management
Program. This Master of Science program Is closely related
to the NCHF and Is tailored to produce health fitness pro-
fessionals for business, government, and Industry. The
state-of-the-art research done by the NCHF In worksite
health promotion has resulted In comprehensive empirical
and literature databases that serve as resources for re-
searchers In several different disciplines. Including behav-
ioral sciences, life sciences, and economics.

The Consortium of Universities

The Consortium of Universities of the Washington Met-
ropolitan Area combines the resources often area univer-
sities and two colleges. American University students may
take courses for residence credit at any consortliom insti-
tution and graduate students may borrow from any con-
sortium library. In addition, the consortium sponsors
student loan programs, the Consortium Research Fellows
program, the Center for Advanced Studies of the Americas
(CASA), D.C. Law Students In Court (DCLSIC), and the
National Institute for Citizen Education In the Law (NICEL).

On-Campus Services

Banking and Stores

A local bank operates a branch office and two automatic
teller machines In the Butler Pavilion Promenade and an-
other ATM In Clark Hall.

The Eagle's Nest carries food, magazines, newspapers,
and toiletry Items. Other stores and services In the Butler
Pavilion Include a copy center, mailbox service, dry
cleaner, pizza restaurant, travel agent, and hair salon.

Campus Store

The campus bookstore, located on the second and third
floors of the Butler Pavilion, carries all required textbooks,
a large selection of other books, all necessary supplies and
stationery, American University sportswear, and other

OfEce of Student Accotints

Following admission to the university, students handle
all financial transactions with the university through the
Office of Student Accounts, located In Asbury Building,
room 300.

Dining Services

The contract dining room, the University Club dining
room (for faculty and staff), cafeteria, snack bar, tavern,
carry-out. and food vending machines are located In Mary
Graydon Center. There Is also a contract dining facility on
the Tenley Campus. Various meal plan options are offered
on a semester basis.

4 Introduction

Mail Service

All university mall delivery Is handled by Mall Services.
The university maintains a full service United States Post
Office contract substation, Eagle Station, located In Letts
Hall, lower level. Mall boxes are In each dormitory and are
furnished to all resident students.

Transportation and Parking

Parking on university property Is by permit only bom
8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. Vehicles must be registered with
the Parking and Traffic Office In Rockwood Building and
must display a valid jiarklng permit All faculty, staff, and
students must register their vehicles by the end of the first
day of classes of the fall term. Vehicles brought to campus
during the term must Immediately tie registered at the
Office of Parking and Traffic In the Rockwood Building.
Freshmen, sophomores, Washington Semester students,
Nebraska Hafi residents, and residents who did not receive
a permit through the lottery process are not permitted to
have vehicles on campus. Visitors can park In metered
parking areas or purchase a permit from the Parking and
Traffic Office. Drivers on campus must observe the
university's parking and speed-limit regulations, copies of
which are available from the Parking and TrafQc Office.

Parking spaces are provided for persons with physical
disabilities. Temporary permits are available to persons
having temporary disabilities. A doctor's certification may
be required. To apply for an access decal, consult the Office
of Disability Services In the Mary Graydon Center, tele-
phone (202) 885-3315 (voice) or TDD (202) 885-3316.

The university Is accessible by Metrobus and Metrorall.
A free shuttle bus service Is available to students, faculty,
and staff to Tenley Campus, the Tenleytown Metrorall sta-
tion, and to the Glover-Tunlaw off-campus apartments.

University Profile

Historical Origins

Incorporated In 1891; chartered by Act of Congress In
1893 as a Methodist Church-related Institution. First
building completed in 1898; Drst graduating class.


Independent, coeducational


Residential area of Northwest Washington, D.C.

Academic Programs

60 Bachelor's programs
75 Master's programs
1 7 Doctoral programs
J.D. and LL.M.

Also, an Associate degree program and undergraduate
and graduate certificate programs

Academic Divisions

College of Arts and Sciences: twenty-two teaching units

Including the Schools of Communication and


Kogod College of Business Administration

School of International Service

School of PubUc AfTalrs: Departments of Government;

Justice, Law and Society; and Public Administration

Washington College of Law

Special Programs

Cooperative education and Internships, career
education and placement on undergraduate and
graduate levels

Study abroad programs: undergraduate opportunities
for short-term or extended study in South America,
Asia, and Western and Eastern Europe in language,
politics, business. Justice, and economics
Washington Semester programs: peace and conflict
resolution, American politics, foreign poUcy, economic
policy. Justice, Journalism, and International business
and trade

Consortium of Universities of the Washington
Metropolitan Area: courses not offered by the American

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