Amor Patriae.

A Comparison of slavery with abolitionism; together with reflections deduced from the premises, touching the several interests of the United States. By Amor Patriae .. online

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Online LibraryAmor PatriaeA Comparison of slavery with abolitionism; together with reflections deduced from the premises, touching the several interests of the United States. By Amor Patriae .. → online text (page 1 of 2)
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NEW YORK: \s:^>,









AMOR PATRT^. /<ti2li'







[All patriotic Newspapers of either or no party are at liber-
ty to publish this Pamphlet, provided they publish not to exceed
one column each No. and continue till they carefully publish the
whole. Then it is to be hoped that every family in the United
States will procure one of the little pamphlets, to lay aside, as a
reference book for future use, which the printer will furnish for
a very small amount.^






To my venerable friend, Lyman Beeciier, D.D. President of Lane Seminary, Cincin-
nati, Ohio, tiiis epistle is most respectfully inscribed.

Reverend and Very dear Sir :

Perhaps you may have noticed in the New York Observer, during
the summer of 1847, several letters from the Rev. Mr. Sawtel, dated
at New Orleans, in relation to the treatment of slaves ?

It would seem that Mr. Sawtel went out, or was sent out, to travel
through the slave-holding states, critically to examine and true report to
make — " naught extenuate, nor aught set down in malice" — as to the
real condition of the slave — that from his known ability and veracity,
intelligence might be had that could be relied upon, satisfactorily, for
future use.

He performed his duty thoroughly and faithfully, and reported, as be-
fore remarked, from New Orleans. By this report it was found the
condition of the negro, both as to personal comforts and religious priv-
ileges, would compare favorably with the great mass of operatives in
this or any other country, and their masters, instead of being " tyrants"
were their patrons and friends.

This report, as can well be imagined, was ^^ gall and wormroood" to
our abolition brethren ! especially as it contrasted so powerfully with
the prejudiced statements made for their account and use, and, with rue-
ful countenance and maledictions dire, spread broadcast over the land.
They thought at first to destroy the effects of these letters, by denoun-
cing the Rev. Mr. Sawtel ! but finding this abortive — as he was too
well intrenched in the confidence and affection of the christian public —
changed their ground, and boldly declared, they had nothing to do with
the treatment, but with the institution !

Now, my friend, to ascertain how much they have to do with the in-
stitution, legitimately, let us invite them to the Bible. If they be chris-
tians, they will acknowledge this book to be of the highest authority :
if they do not, we must beg leave, most respectfully, to have as little to
do with them as they with the " treatment.'''' But taking it for granted
they are good christians, or believe themselves such, please bring them to
the standard, that for the future they may take the word of God for
their guide, instead of the " traditions of men" — for it will be poor com-
pensation for their zeal to find in the end, when they come to be judged
bv it, they have been fighting against God ! and hence, " Blind leaders
of the blind."

God, we are told, is yesterday, to-day and forever, one and the same :
that " he detests the unclean thing sin" — hence to call anything a sin he
commands, or attempt to limit what he has established /oreuer — is it not
blasphemy 1 Moreover, is it reasonable to suppose, the Deity expected
other nations to be better than he commanded his own chosen people
to be, whom he intended as a light to the world ? It will be well to re-
member, it was for the breach, not the observance of his laws, for which
the Jews were so severely punished ! And so it will be with all who
set up their own righteousness superior to the God that made them ! It
is a trick of the evil one ; and must be eschewed as a most deadly poi-
son to the soul, or it will weigh it down to the Bottomless Pit.

Now for the Bible testimony. In Genesis xii. we find the first men-
tion of Abraham in communication with the Deity. In ver. 5 we find
him a slaveholder, and got his slaves in Haran, just as we get money or
other property : " And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother^s
son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that
they had gotten i?i Haran ; and they went forth to go into the land of Ca-
naan ; and into the land of Canaan they came.''''

Here it may be proper to remark, that Ebed is the Hebrew term for
slave — SAUKEER for Airet?-servant — hence there is no chance for the
scholar to mistake.

In chap. xiv. ver. 14 : " And when Abram heard that his brother
was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house,
three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan." Here we find
Abraham had power over his slaves to expose their lives in battle. It
is not so in the Southern States ? In chap. xvi. ver. 6-9 : " But Abram
said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand ; do to her as itpleaseth
thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fed from her face.
And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain of water in the wild-
erness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. And he said, Hagar, Sarai's
maid, whence earnest thou ? and whither wilt thou go 1 And she said, I
fee from the face of my mistress Sarai. And the angel of the Lord said
unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself unto her hands,"
Here we see how God through his Angel dealt with a runaway Slave —
very unlike an Abolitionist.

In ch. xvii. ver. 12, 13, we find God recognizing slavery: " And hethat
is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man-child in
your generations ; he that is born in the house, or bought with money of
any stranger, which is not of thy seed. He that is born in thy house,
and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised : and my
covenent shall be in your fesh for an everlasting covenant.''^ In chap,
XX. ver. 14, we find them made presents of, the same as any other prop-
erty. " And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and men-servants, and
women-servants, and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah
his wife.'''' In chap. xxiv. ver. 35, 36, we find God blessing Abraham
and his son Isaac with a curse ! according to the Abolition Dictionary.
" And the Lord hath blessed my master greatly, and he is become great :
and he hath given him flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and men-
servants, and maid-servants, and camels, and asses. And Sarah, my
master'' s wife, bare a son to my master when she ivas old : and unto him

hath he given all that he hath." In chap. xxvi. ver. 14, we find the
Philistines envied, or hated, Isaac. Hoio is it in this ouY day ?

In chap. XXX. ver. 43: ^^ And the man increased exceedingly, and had
much cattle, and maid-servants, and men-servants, and camels, and asses."
Here appears to be proof that God did not disapprove of Slavery ; on
the contrary, some hundreds of years afterwards we find he permanent-
ly established it through his law-giver Moses ; and hence, made it com-
mon to Christendom ; and it is presumable he knew what he was doing,
doubtless quite as well as our abolition brethren.

Exodus, chap. xii. ver. 43-45 : "And the Lord said unto Mosse and
Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover ; There shall no s ranger
eat thereof: But every man's servant that is bought for money, when
thou hast circumcised him, then shall lie eat thereof. A foreigner and an
hired servant shall not eat tliereofJ'"' Here we find the Israelites owners
of slaves directly after they left Egypt ! and their slaves were privi-
leged characters, compared to hired-servants. Chap. xxi. ver. 1-6 :
" Now these are the judgments which thoushalt set before them. If thou
buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve ; and in the seventh he
shall go out free for nothing. If he came in by himself, he shall go out
by himself ; if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. If
his master have given him a vnfe, and she have born him sons or daugh-
ters ; the wife and her children shall be her master^s, and he shall go out
by himself. And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my
wife, and my children ; I will not go out free : Then his master shall
bring him unto the judges ; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto
the door-post : and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl ;
and he shall serve him forever." Let the 4th verse be particularly no-
ticed by those who accuse the South of separating man and wife.
This institution we never had in this country. It seems to be a kind of
Penitentiary, or States prison system — they were sold /or debt and for
criine. To allude to it therefore, in argument against our slave institu-
tion, is only calculated to deceive, and hence fraudulent.

The 16th verse has ever been a universal text with our abolition breth-
ren ! But it is more than probable, had father Abraham caught one of
them stealing away his slaves, he would have made a very different ap-
plication to what they are in the habit of making. In the 20th and 21st
verses the Jewish laws are much more lenient to the master than South-
ern laws or practice, as there is an abundance of proof extant to show,
if cavilers will take the trouble to look after it.

Leviticus, chap. xxii. ver. 10, 11 : " There shall no stranger eat of
the holy thing : a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not
eat of the holy thing. But if the priest buy any soul with his money,
he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house ; they shall eat of his
meat." Here we find the slave a privileged character again ; especially
the souls belonging to Priests ! In chap. xxv. ver. 30 : " And if it
be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in
the walled city shall be established for ever to him that bought it, through-
out his generations ; it shall not go out in the jubilee." Here we iind
forever and jubilee are not synonymous — all that has been said to the
contrary notwithstanding ! In ver. 44-46 : " Both thy bond-men and

thy bond-maids, which thou shalt have, shall he of the heathen that are
round about 'you ; of them shall ye buy bond-men and bond-maids.
Moreover, of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of
them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they be-
gat in your land ; and they shall be your possession, [property.] And ye
shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit thern
for a possession ; they shall be your bond-men for ever : but over your breth-
ren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigor."
Here we find the institution we have in this country. And here we find
that never changing God says — Ye shall buy ! The command seems
imperative. Not, if ye buy, as in the xxi. chapter Exodus. And for-
ever too, not six years, nor even to Jubilee I (There appears to be a
vast difTerence between law-givers and law-expounders, now-a-days 1)

In examining the Old Testament, it struck me as a little singular,
that not a word is said as to the treatment of the perpetual servant,
vphen there is so much in regard to the limited. I can only account for
this, that the Deity knowing man, knew that he would be good to his
own, in fee. For it is said proverbially — " The Devil ever is good to
his own." Again, the limited servant had a property-interest in him-
self; hence, to put out an eye or break out a tooth was a permanent in-
jury, therefore it was commanded, as a remuneration, that he should be
set free. But the Jews did not always do it, and hence were severely
-rebuked in the Iviii. chapter Isaiah.

But our abolition brethren don't seem to like the Old Testament —
they call it the Jews^ Bible ! That it is an awkward book for them, no
one can well question, especially since the people have taken the trou-
ble to look for themselves instead of taking their statements. But for
their accommodation, let us turn to the New Testament and see what
it says, and whether they will recognize its authority.

Ephesians, chap. vi. ver. 5-9 : " Servants, be obedient to them that
are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in sin-
gleness of your heart, as unto Christ ; Not with eye-service, as men-
pleasers; hut as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the
heart ; With good-will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men :
Knowing that tchatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he
receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. And, ye masters, do
the same things unto them, forbearing threatening : knowing that your
Master also is in heaven ; neither is there respect of persons with him."
Here we find the divine injunction to the slave to serve faithfully, over
and above the laws of the land, which our Saviour commands should be
respected. Ii may be proper here to remark, that all the passages of
scripture I shall cite in the New Testament, the word servant means
slave, Doi'Los, in contradistinction to Misthotes, a hired servant. Col-
lossians, chap. iii. ver. 22-24 : " Servants, obey in all things your mas-
ters according to the flesh ; not with eye-service, as men-pleasers ; but in
singleness of heart, fearing God: Atid tchatsoever ye do, do it heartily,
as to the Lord, and not unto men ; Knowing that of the Lord ye shall
receive the reward of the inheritance : for ye serve the Lord Christ."
Here we find the divine injunction repeated still more emphatically.
I. Timothy chap. vi. ver. 1-4 : " Let as many servants as are under

the ynke count their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of
God and his doctrine be not blasphemed. And they that have believing
masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren ; but rather
do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, -partakers of the
benefit. These things teach and exhort. If any man teach otherwise,
and consent not to wholesome words, even the ivords of our Lord Jesus
Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, he is proud,
knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof
Cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings." Here we find nothing
like disobedience to masters inculcated, but we do find something like
a full-length portrait of our abolition brethren ! Titus, chap. ii. ver. 9,
10 : " Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to
please them well in all things ; not answering again ; Not purloining,
but shewing all good fidelity ; that they may adorn the doctrine of God
our Saviour in all things." I. Peter, chap. ii. ver. 18 : " Servants, be
subject to your masters with all fear ; not only to the good and gentle,
but also to the froward.^^ Here we find no excuse for disobedience.

(Although our brother abolitionists profess now to eschew treatment
from the argument, still I must be permitted, by way of episode, here to
remark, that it is well known to those acquainted with the subject, that
it takes from two-thirds to three-fourths of the produce of the planta-
tions, upon an average, throughout the Southern States, to feed and
clothe the operatives ; and they are the first served — the master or
owner takes what remains : still we are told they get nothing for their
labor ! In the cold barren lands of New England they give their ope-
ratives one half only of the product ! Now let me ask which is most in
accordance with that passage of scripture they love to quote so well —
" Give to your servants thatiohich is just and eqxial V to say nothing of
their favorite Golden Rule, alias, Rule of Gold, which they will please
bear in mind, applies as much to \}i\% free- servant as to those belonging
to their masters ?)

Now, my dear sir, I have cited, I believe, all the passages of scrip-
ture in both Old and New Testaments, of any importance, that touch di-
rectly upon the subject under consideration — enough at any rate, one
would think, to satisfy the most sceptical that slavery is a Divine In-
stitution, recognized and established by God's own order. He says,
ye shall buy — our brother abolitionist says ye shall not ! He com-
mands slaves to be obedient to their masters; to serve whh fear and
trembling ; not purloin ; and to serve the froward as well as the
good. But our abolition brethren teach to disobey — steal their master's
horses and run to Canada ! and to aid them in disobeying God's laws
they raise large sums of money, and then boast through the newspapers
of the amount of theft they have practiced upon their southern breth-
ren in the course of a year ! !

Now allow me to ask, which is the best of the two authorities I have
cited ? " Ye cannot serve two masters ;" therefore, " Choose you this
day whom ye will serve !" " He that is not for me is against me .'"
'■^Bitter and siveet water cannot run from the same fountain."

After all this, does it not appear strange that these same counter-
teachers to God, to Christ and the Apostles, still claim to be christians !

nay, the very ne plus ultra of christians ! ! and turn up their nose with
as much nonsavory against the venerable clergy of the South, whose
shoe latchets they are not worthy to unloose, and to those of the north,
who loill not "follow the multitude to do evil" as the Scribes, Phara-
sees, Chief-Priests, &c. did against our Saviour and his disciples, and
prate as loudly of the Golden Rule as though they alone understood it
and kept it perfectly ! Doubtless think it a great pity that some one of
the fraternity had not been present when the Supreme covenanted with
that chief of sinners, old Father Abraham, to have given the true inter-
pretation thereof! and so along down to Moses and the Prophets, Christ
and the Apostles. " Oh ! that my eyes were a fountain of tears." Had
it so happened, what a world of grunting and groaning, self-glorifica-
tion, hallucination, it would have saved !

I will mention one or two more passages of scripture, which I would
most affectionately commend to their especial attention, and ardently
hope they may profit by their careful contemplation, to wit: II. Corin-
thians, chap. xi. ver. 13-15: " For such are false apostles, deceitful
workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ, And no
marvel ; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. There-
fore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transjormed as the min-
isters of righteousness ; whose end shall he according to their works."
II. Timothy, chap. iii. ver. 8-9 : " Now as Jannes and Jamhres with-
stood Moses, so do these also resist the truth : men of corrupt minds, re-
probate concerning the faith. But they shall proceed no further : for
their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was." These
will prove the Balm of Gilead to them if they be wise.

Were there other passages of scripture sufficiently strong to over-
turn the multitude I have cited, what would the Bible be good for ? It
would be fit for neither Church or State ! and believe me, if our cler-
gymen teach the people that it can be made to blow hot or cold at the
pleasure of the piper, the day is not far distant, when the people will
reject it as of no authority on any subject, and clergymen will soon
follow as equally useless. One run-mad leader has already rejected it,
if I am correctly informed, and now calls for the abolition of the Sab-
bath ! There is but one more step to Fanny Wrightism.

Had it not been for the institution of slavery, all the negroes in this
country, both bond and free, civilized and christianized, if alive, would
this day be slaves in their own native country, their bodies to black ty-
rannical masters and their souls to the devil, through the worship of
cats and alligators ; and the colony of Liberia, which is destined in the
providence of God to civilize and christianize all Africa, never heard of.

Now allow me to ask, who have been the means of conferring this
great blessing upon the African race, the northern abolitionist or the
southern planter ? And if it be a christian act to better the condition
of another, who are the best christians, as far as this act is concerned ?
Moreover, who has acted most in accordance with the spirit and mean-
ing of the Golden Rule, and the commandmenlsof that benevolent and
never-changing God, who says, " Ye shall buy ?"

Knowing what they do now, and were they thus situated, would they



not wish, nay, would they not give worlds that some one would come
and buy them and their families out of the horrid condition and transfer
them and their posterity to plantations in America '.' Ltt them ansiccr
upon their oaths ! It is no light matter to thwart the plans of God,
simply because wo don't understand them. " God's ways are not man's
ways, neither his thoughts their thoughts " But if slavery be an evil,
as they alledge, and the South have had it thrust upon them by old
England and New England, are they now to be told they are pirates,
thieves, and robbers ! and too, by those who have enriched themselves
by their own defined, nefarious trade? Who are the veritable pirates,
thieves, and robbers, if any there be ? If wrong has been done, who
ought to right it? Heaven doubtless would decide, old England and
New England, if it take every dollar and every thing they possess on
God's earth ! and until prepared for this, discretion, it seems to me,
would require they should not be quite so brazenfaced with their denunci-
ations, for God has said, " Out of your own mouths ye shall be con-

Be this as it may, are they not to be content to scatter this their pe-
culiar moral suasion, alias, immoral blackguardry — I speak of fanatics —
far and wide through the states ; or must they carry it into Congress,
where it has no more business than the spawn of Pandemonium has in
Paradise ? It has already found its way in thither and shown its cloven
foot, manifesting significantly what it would do if it had the power —
oaths and ConstitutioJi to the contrary notwithstanding !

If the brand of discord ignite there, and blood be shed upon that
floor, the flame will spread like wildfire through the length and breadth
of the land ; and what the consequences will be we all can imagine,
but none predict !

The great South calmly and coolly look on at the elementary move-
ments, but are silent ; yet the fires of indignation are at work internal-
ly, and when the day comes for action the people will rise en masse,
resolved upon a redress of grievances or death ! Their members of
Congress will be required to prepare and demand an amendment of the
Constitution. 1st. That there shall be a full representation of both
bond and free in the South as there are of women and children at the
North. (Just look at the relative importance of the two States of Lou-
isiana and Maine to this Union. Still Louisiana has but four repre-
sentatives in Congress, and Maine seven ! Had Louisiana a full repre-
sentation for her colored population, instead of three-fifths, she would
then have but six — still one less than Maine ! Is this fair ?) 2d. That
it shall be treason for the people of any of the States to meddle with
the domestic concerns of any other State, and especially with the insti-
tution of Slavery, in word or deed, calculated to disturb the peace and
quietness thereof, and punished accordingly. And 3d. The govern-
ment of the United States shall guarantee to the South the peaceable
possession of their property, and in the event any of their negroes are
stolen, or run away to the free States and not sent immediately back, or
secured and due notice given to the owner within ninety days, on cer-
tificate and appraisement being made by the proper authorities, the


Treasurer of the United States shall be authorized and required to pay
the owner thereof the full value of his property. If these amendments
be refused., the next thing will be to demand a peaceable division of the
paternal estate. The only question remaining, where shall the line of
demarkation be ? The middle and western states will evidently go


Online LibraryAmor PatriaeA Comparison of slavery with abolitionism; together with reflections deduced from the premises, touching the several interests of the United States. By Amor Patriae .. → online text (page 1 of 2)