Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massach.

Annual record of the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts online

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Gentlemen, nothing could be more expressive of the great progress which has
been made in our relation than the fact that to-day we welcome in this old city
of Quebec this ancient and honorable company coming from the city of Boston.
Boston and Quebec ! It is not the first time that these two names are linked in
history. They were founded almost at the same period, founded each with a
different thought. One was founded with the thought of the most intense
Roman Catholicism ; the other was founded with the thought of the most
intense Protestantism. Though in many ways they stand on the very antipodes,
they had one ]>oint common to those early days, — both were intolerant
Neither would admit in its borders that any of its citizens should pray, should
worship, should speak or think, except as the community prayed, thought, or
spoke. But, thank heaven, we live to-day in happier days. The world has
progressed since those days, and to-day the law does not interfere between man

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and his Creator. In this city, as in your own city of Boston, conscience, and
conscience alone, is the supreme arbiter. [** Hear^ hear^^ and applause,^

You remember that in the olden days Boston and Quebec were arrayed for
years and years. Many were the expeditions which left old Quebec to carry
war into New England, and many were the expeditions which left Boston to
carry war into New France. We live in happier days to-day. We welcome
to-day another expedition. This expedition we do not repel as some others
were repelled. We do not dose our gates against it. We welcome it, notwith-
standing what may be the consequences, and the consequences, after all, may be
nothing to us except that perhaps they can capture our hearts, and if they do, I
threaten you that we shall retaliate and invade Boston with the same purpose.
\Gr€<it applause^ Gentlemen of the Ancient Company of Artillery, soldiers you
are, and I know that many of you, on the field of battle of your country, have
offered the supreme sacrifice of your life that your country might live. There
is no such sacrifice needed to-day. But may your visit be welcome, may it bear
fruit, and may it continue to dispel the prejudices which too long have inun-
dated us.

And let me say, in conclusion, that in the future our coarse should be towards
the great progress of civilization, that no more should the demon of discord
ever spread its wings between us, but that now and henceforth we should
endeavor to work together for the spread of the English, of the Anglo-Saxon
civilization, which, in Europe as in America, has been the mother of liberty, of
progress, of freedom. [Prolonged applause."]

Sixth regular toast : —

77U Commonwealth of Massachusetts. [^Great applause.]

The Commander. There is do man here to-night, a member of the
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, that belongs to New Eng-
land (and we have members from every State in New England) but
honors the great Commonwealth which we represent. The Common-
wealth of Massachusetts needs no introduction. We regret the absence
of His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief. He was to
have been represented by his adjutant-general, but in the absence, also,
of that gentleman I have substituted a member of our own Company,
who will, I believe, express sentiments which you will all applaud. I
have the honor to introduce to you Lieut. Thomas Savage. {^Prolongid


Mr, Commander, Invited Guests, Members of the Ancient and Honorable Artil-
lery Company, ^~\ have heartily wished that his Excellency Roger Wolcott
wsLS present for the purpose of responding to the sentiment addressed to the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. I heartily wish that the Commander had
selected, and the selection had been accepted, one of Massachusetts* most
honored and most representative citizens, who is present this evening, to do the
honors for the Commonwealth.

It is eminently proper that at all functions of this Company a toast and a senti-

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ment should be extended to our State, because the history of the one cannot be
written without the history of the other. As we examine the roster of our Com-
pany, we find upon it the names of ex-governors, of ex-senators of the United
States, of men prominent in all the walks of life, of men who have earned the
right to wear the stars of a major-general upon the field of battle, proud to parade
side by side with the private in the ranks. [Cries of ** Good^** and applause^
And as we look over the list there is no name which more greatly excites our
admiration than that of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. [Great o^

You, gentlemen of Quebec, have in your city a souvenir of Massachusetts.
It was a pathetic sight this morning to observe members of the Company, older
than myself, bedewing the old cannon with tears, which they had fought so well
to defend at Bunker Hill. As it has been said, you have the cannon bat we
have the battlefield. [Laughter, "] We have the monument, and, so far as I am
informed, it is the only monument which any nation ever erected to commemorate
a battle in which it was defeated. [Laughter^ And yet that monument stands
in the old town of Charlestown, upon Bunker Hill, symbolizing the principle of
liberty, of justice, and of equal rights, which are dear to the heart of every
Anglo-Saxon, and which are to-day nowhere more fimly rooted than in the soQ
of Great Britain itself. [Applause,^

A man of vivid imagination lives in all ages. As we came here yesterday
we pictured to ourselves the army of Wolfe, — a portion encamped upon the
Island of Orlean, a portion encamped upon the north shore, a portion upon
Levis. We pictured to our minds that eventful night when, floating with the
tide, his hosts landed at Wolfe's Cove ; and still more vividly, as we ascended
this mountain, did we imagine how easy it was {great laughter and appiause\,
feeling that with equal exertion and almost with equal intrepitude we assaulted
the Chateau Frontenac. [Renewed laughter and applause.] Yet, Mr. Com-
mander, men have been within the Province of Canada before, — I say the
"province," meaning the Dominion, using the term "province" simply as
describing a boundary. In 1758, soldiers of Massachusetts, fighting shoulder to
shoulder with men of Quebec, assailed the theretofore impregnable fortress of
Louisburg, demolished it, and added another star to the diadem of the crown
which graces England's queen. [Applause,] It was with that heroic spirit that
Wolfe assailed the citadel of Quebec; it was with the same spirit that United
States soldiers, Anglo-Saxon blood coursing through their veins, fought opon
the hills that surround Santiago [*' Mear, hear" and applause] ; it was with
he same spirit that United States soldiers, with Anglo-Saxon blood and masde,
stood upon the plains of Porto Rico, and it was the same spirit that animated
the nntrepid heart of the gallant Dewey in the harbor of Manila. [Great

You ask me to respond for Massachusetts. Geographically, she is bounded
upon the west by New York, upon the east by that water that connects England
and America [" //ear^ hear" and applause], upon the north and south by the
other five New England States, and she has a harbor withm which during the
present year have ridden at anchorage with safety ships flying the flag of erery
known maritime power, excepting Spain, if it can be called a maritime power.
[LaugJtfer.] With Virgil of old I cannot say " Arma virumjue como^" yet I
wish to call to your attention to-night the fact that Massachusetts has furnished

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the man and the brains which has sat at the head of our great Navy Depart-
ment, which has accomplished achievements deserving and receiving the com-
mendation of the whole world. [App/aust.]

Massachusetts, with all her vast commercial, industrial, and agricultural
interests, is watching to-day with intense interest the deliberations of the High
Commission which is sitting in this noble city. She views them not from a spirit
of selfishness. Rather does she seek and hope that there may be established
that reciprocity which will carry with it justice, equity, advancement, and profit
to each of the interested parties [** Hear^ hear,' and applause]^ neither seeking to
obtain the advantage of the other.

While it may be hardly appropriate to an occasion of this kind, it nevertheless
seems fitting that it should be said that Massachusetts viewed with the highest
degree of pleasure, satisfaction, and hope the increasingly pleasant relations
existing between Great Britain and the Um'ted States, and I think in using the
term compatriots I am not transcending the fact in sxjmg that our compatriots,
the Honourable Artillery Company of London, in the generous, whole-souled, and
open manner in which they greeted the Stars and Stripes two years ago and the
American Company bearing them, took a prominent step in the initiative of the
cause of the promising association between the two countries. [** Hear^ hear^^
and applause !\ Upon that occasion it was our privilege to receive distinguished
courtesies, and it seems that it may be said to-night of the Queen : —

" Her court was pure ; her life serene ;
God gave her peace ; her land repose.
A thousand claims to reverence dose
In her as woman, wife, and Queen.*'

[Cries of " Good ** and applause^ In the hope of the extremely generous manner
in which our Company has been greeted in the City of Quebec, it is proper to
quote the language of a lamented President of the United States, whose name
and whose courtesy and whose qualities of character eminently fitted him to have
been the hero of Tennyson's King Arthur's Table Round, language addressed
by him to the Ancients when they did reverent homage at the grave of the
immortal Webster : '' I wish for you all length of days, vigor of health, and an
overflowing measure of prosperity.** [Great applause^

Seventh regular toast : —

The Province and City of Quebec, [ This toast was received with great enthu-

The Commander. Gentlemen, we will drink to Quebec, — the
Province and City of Quebec. [Every ont pnsent joined in the response
to the toast, 1 Gentlemen, I will not say much in introduction of the
gentleman who is to respond to this toast, as the time is getting late and
we want to get through as quickly as possible. We have a great many
speakers yet. So we are going to combine the Province and the City.
In the absence of his Honor, the Mayor, I will introduce to respond to
this toast, Hon. F. G. Marchand, Premier of the Province of Quebec.
[Great applause and cheers.']

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Mr. Chairman^ Your Excellency, Gentlemen of the Ancient and Honorable
Company of Artillery of Massachusetts, — I really feel a £^eat reluctance in
responding to your kind invitation. This is cast upon me abruptly, as we would
say in my native tongue, ** ^out portant,^* without any warning ; and I really feel
that, in a language in which I am not very much accustomed to speak pubtidy, I
may not exactly meet your expectations. But I cannot refuse to respond to your
toast, especially as it has been brought in such a cordial and generous manner.
Still I must say that the weight of the duty which has been imposed upon nie is
increased by the proportions of that which should have devolved upon the
worthy Mayor of Quebec, who is much more qualified than I am to respond to
that part of the toast which applies particularly to this £^and old city.

Gentlemen, the manner in which you have proposed this toast shows that you
recognize old Quebec as the mother of Christian civilization in America. I
heard this morning one of your officers, your commanding officer, I believe, who
said that in coming to Quebec be was coming back to his old starting point.
Well, gentlemen, I think that that was a great compliment to us. Quebec, as I
suppose you will allow me to say without too much presumption, was really one
of the starting points of civilization in America, and I am happy to see that you
recognize it to that extent, that you are willing to come back to us, thus showing
that you still hope to get such inspirations from old Quebec as will help you to
forward progress and civilization on our grand continent of America. [Cri^s of
" Good," and applause.]

Members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Ma^ssachusetts,
I have understood by what has been said of you to-night and by what I have
heard and read of your Company, that you are a selection from what I ought
call the heroes of the American army [applause], and I suppose you will forgive
me if I qualify you as the Legion of Honor of the American army. I fed that
I am conferring an appreciable compliment on you when I mention this, as I
have had the honor recently of being initiated in another L^on of Honor,
which distinction I appreciate infinitely and which allows me to appreciate the
honor of every one of the members of your Company, belonging to one equally
grand, equally meritorious. [Applause.]

I will not at this late hour of the evening, gentlemen, inflict upon yoa a long
speech. I think I would probably destroy the good effect which the eloquent
discourses just delivered have produced and the grand sentiments which they
have created in your hearts if I were to cast a shadow upon these brilliant
speeches at this hour of the night. Still I must be allowed to say before I sit
down that I am happy to see that the relations between our two countries have
come to this point, that, whenever there is an invasion from one of these coun-
tries to the other, it is a friendly invasion, such as that which we have witnessed
to-day. [" Hear, hear,*^ and applause.] We have remembrances of other inva-
sions, gentlemen. We have remembrances of battles hardly fought between
Bostonians and my forefathers, and it is on those fields of battle that they have
learned to appreciate each other, to honor each other, and to respect each <ither.
[" Hear, hear."] From that sentiment has arisen a feeling which will never die,
that of the necessity of joining hands instead of crossing swords. [Cri^s of

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'** Good" and applause. "] We feel that sentiment on this side of the line, gentle-
■men, and I am sure by the manner in which you have drunk the toast of Quebec
to-night that you equally feel it on your side of the line. [" Hear^ heaVy' and

But allow me to say, gentlemen, that this friendly invasion — I suppose you
will allow me to assume the merit of it for my country — has not been com*
menced by you. We have commenced it. We have, I believe, a million of our
French Canadian compatriots on the other side of the line \applause\, who are
doing honor to our nationality, as we have proof to-night by the presence here
of your Commander. [" Heaty hear^^ and applause."] And I was happy to hear
one of the previous speakers tell us that there would be no more fighting
between brother and brother. No, gentlemen, there will not. Between Anglo-
Saxons there will be none, between French Canadians there will be none, because
we would be fighting against our own kindred, if we were fighting against the
American nation. [Applause.\

Again, gentlemen, I thank you for the cordiality with which you have drunk
this toast of the Province of Quebec, and the good old city of Quebec, which
we have always considered as the pivot of this Dominion ; and I hope that the
very kmd intercourse, which I would not say has commenced to-night, but which
is so well inaugurated to-night, will last for ever for the prosperity and the
grandeur of your Republic, of our Confederation, and of our continent. [** Hear,
heary^ and great applause^

Eighth regular toast : —

The Armyt Navy, and Canadian Forces.

The Commander. I ask you to rise and drink to this toast, after
which I will introduce a geDtleman to respond to it. Here 's to the
toast. [All present joined enthusiastically in the response to the toast,]
Centlenaeu, I don't think that there is a member of this Company who
will forget the gentleman who received us at the Citadel to-day, a
gentleman who has bared his breast in the wars of the British Empire,
and who is now to-day the General commanding the Canadian forces.
You will all remember his magnificent military bearing and his courteous
and gentlemanly ways. [Applause,] I have the honor to present to you,
to respond to this toast, Gen. Hutton of the Dominion Forces. [Great
nppiause and cheers y followed by three vigorous cheers for Gen, Hutton,'\


Major Duchesney, Your Excellency y and Comrades of the United States of
Ametica [great applause and cheers] and of the Canadian Armyy — We are here,
as his Excellency has reminded us, as Senator Fairbanks has told us, and as
Sir Wilfrid Laurier has emphasized, in an atmosphere of peace and good-will.
At first sight an atmosphere of peace and good-will would seem an unsuitable
atmosphere for a military element \laughter\ ; but analyzed, especially in the con-
tiection of the International Conference which is now assembled, am! in view of
the extreme cordiality shown by you, gentlemen of the Ancient and Honorable
Artillery Coinpany of Massachusetts, to myself as the representative of the

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Canadian Army» it has no little significance. We, thinking soldiers, and, believe
me, there are many, very many, thinking soldiers, not in Canada only, but
throughout the ubiquitous British Army, consider that there is no more certain
assurance for the world's peace than a combination of the British Empire and
the United States of America. [Prolonged applause.] Gentlemen, we have a
common language, we have a common ancestry, and above all we have those
three great principles at heart, for which we Anglo-Saxons are prepared to fight,
and, if necessary, to die, vix. : political liberty, national honor, and personal free*
dom of religion. [Applause,]

It is not for me in the presence of statesmen, it is not for me, a soldier, to
remind you of the higher ethics which are involved in such a sentiment as I have
presented to you. I will leave these to your imagination, and at this late period
of the evening it is unnecessary to enlarge further upon this question. I wish in
the name of my Canadian comrades, I wish in the name of the National Army
of Canada, to assure you that we all feel that the stronger and more strong the
links are made, which connect the Dominion of Canada, the British Empire, and
the United States of America, the better for the peace of the world, the com-
merdal success and the political prosperity of all three countries. V^Jfeary
hear,** and prolonged applause, the audience rising]

Ninth regular toast : —

The City of Boston, [Great applause.]

The Commander. Gentlemen, I have no doubt that every gentleman
here present, especially the members of the Ancient and Honorable
Artillery Company, will be most pleased to hear the toast of the Gty of
Boston responded to. I presume you all imagine yourselves in Young's
or the Parker House to-night, but we are in just as good a place perhaps.
To respond to this toast I will call upon one of our Past Commanders, a
gentleman who commanded this Company acceptably a few years ago. I
will introduce to you Capt. Thomas J. Olys to respond to this toast


Monsieur le Gouverneur Ghtiral, Monsieur le Commandeur, Messieurs les
Convives et mes Camarades de Regiment , — On m'a command^ de r^pondrc an
toast " La Ville de Boston." Un bon soldat ob^it toujours auz commandements.
II est tard et il faut que j'abr^ge de mani^re que je finirai mon discours dans le
langue maternelle de notre patrie. [Great applause.]

Your toast, Commander, " The City of Boston." I wish that his Honor the
Mayor of our beautiful, beloved city, were here to respond for her. I wish that
it might have fallen to some one who could respond more eloquently than it is
in my power to do. Yet, Commander and gentlemen, it is a pleasure and an
honor, at any time, always and on every occasion, to have an opportunity to say
a word for our dearly beloved city, the " City of Boston." [Appletuse.]

The City of Boston. She needs no encomiums. She needs no commendation.
We here represent not only our dearly beloved city, not only the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts, but the United States of America, and while we are here let

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us remember, though not on our own soil but that of a foreign country, we shall
ever fight for liberty, for freedom, and for union.

The City of Boston ; how pleasant and how musical the words to those of us
who are here celebrating our Fall Field Day in the good old city of Quebec,
under a foreign flag, a flag under whose folds many of us have trained and are
ever ready to follow, so long as it stands for freedom, higher civilization, and
uplifting of the unfortunate and downtrodden.

The City of Boston to-night greets the City of Quebec, and I assure you,
gentlemen of Quebec, a warm welcome awaits you in the city of Boston should
you ever give us the pleasure of your presence among us. [App/aus^.]

Gentlemen, the hour is late. I will finish by saying : Should ever the time
occur when it shall be necessary to resort to armed force for humanity, you will
find the men of Boston side by side with the men of Quebec, fighting the world's
battles for freedom, righteousness, and justice. [Applause.'\

Tenth regular toast : —

The Army and Navy of the United States. [Great applause and cheers^ all
present rising in response^

The Commander. Gentlemen, the toast has a great significance to
OS at this time, just after the closing of a little unpleasantness in Cuba.
The gentleman whom I am about to call upon to respond to this toast
has been heard from considerably within the last few months ; the papers
have been full of him. He needs no introduction. I have the great
honor and pleasure of presenting to you Capt. McCalla of the steamer
" Marblehead," United States Navy. [Great enthusiasm^ hosts and
guests rising^ watnng handkerchiefs^ and cheering^ and then mare formal
cheers being started by Gen, Hution,']


Major Duchesneyt Lord Aberdeen y Comrades and Gentlemen, "^ The 'MzjoT
might have given me notice. But I will say that I, like Senator Fairbanks,
prefer this method of settling international difficulties.

I should be wanting and lost to all feeling if I did not thank Senator Fairbanks
for having referred to me personally, which I accept as the expression of his
satisfaction with our navy, and feel pleased that I should have been its repre-
sentative here in Quebec upon this occasion. I cannot find words to express my
thanks for your kind reception. *

Our great Admiral Farragut had a happy way of explaining military principles
in simple words. Two of those principles were in application, I believe, during
our war with Spain. The first was published in the Admiral's general order
before the attack on the forts below New Orleans. It was : ** The best protec-
tion against an enemy's fire is a well directed fire from our own guns." And
that is what we tried to prepare for in advance of the declaration of war, so as
to be on the safe side. The other was, I think, published in his order before the
attack on Fort Morgan, Mobile Harbor, viz. : " Whatever we have to do must
be done quickly." [Laughter.] That also applies to speech nuking for military
and naval officers. [Laughter.} That was the principle which inspired oui

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heroic officers and men of the regiments before Santiago. They did what they
had to do quickly and successfully. [App/ausg.]

I should be wanting in gratitude if I did not take this public occasion, on
behalf of the officers and the men of the ** Marblehead/* to recognize the enthu-
siastic and handsome reception accorded to us by Quebec ["//^ar, hear^% not
only by Quebec but by his Excellency and by Lady Aberdeen and by all the
officials of the Dominion [grtat applause] j who displayed, I believe, as much
enthusiasm for our men and officers, and as much cordial good feeling and
interest, as have been displayed in our own country and by our own citizens.
[App/ause.] Remembering the great deeds of our common ancestors on land

Online LibraryAncient and Honorable Artillery Company of MassachAnnual record of the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts → online text (page 95 of 106)