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religion should, it seems to me, before breaking away
from it, try as long as possible to promote its better evo-
lution; aiding to increase breadth of view, toleration, in-
difference to unessentials, cooperation with good men and
true of every faith. Melanchthon, St. Francis Xavier,
Grotius, Thomasius, George Fox, Fenelon, the Wesleys,
Moses Mendelssohn, Schleiermacher, Dr. Arnold, Chan-
ning, Phillips Brooks, and their like may well be our ex-
emplars, despite all their limitations and imperfections.

I grant that there are circumstances which may oblige
a self-respecting man to withdraw from religious organi-
zations and assemblages. There may be reactionary
zeal of rabbis, priests, deacons, destructive to all health-
ful advance of thought; there may be a degeneration of
worship into fetishism; there may be control by young
Levites whose minds are only adequate to decide the colors
of altar-cloths and the cut of man-millinery; there may
be control by men of middle age who preach a gospel of
"hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness " ; there may be
tyranny by old men who will allow no statements of belief
save those which they learned as children.

From such evils, there are, in America at least, many
places of refuge; and, in case these fail, there are the
treasures of religious thought accumulated from the days
of Marcus Aurelius, St. Augustine, and Thomas a Kempis

IN LATER YEARS 1856-1905 573

to such among us as Brooks, Gibbons, Hunger, Henry
Simmons, Eabbis Weinstock and Jacobs, and very many
others. It may be allowed to a hard-worked man who
has passed beyond the allotted threescore years and ten
to say that he has found in general religious biography,
Jewish, Catholic, and Protestant, and in the writings of
men nobly inspired in all these fields, a help without which
his life would have been poor indeed.

True, there will be at times need of strong resistance,
and especially of resistance to all efforts by any clerical
combination, whether of rabbis, priests, or ministers, no
matter how excellent, to hamper scientific thought, to con-
trol public education, or to erect barriers and arouse
hates between men. Both Religion and Science have suf-
fered fearfully from unlimited clerical sway; but of the
two, Religion has suffered most.

When one considers the outcome of national education
entirely under the control of the church during over fif-
teen hundred years, in France at the outbreak of the
revolution of 1789, in Italy at the outbreak of the revo-
lution of 1848, in the Spanish-American republics down
to a very recent period, and in Spain, Poland, and else-
where at this very hour, one sees how delusive is the
hope that a return to the ideas and methods of the ' ' ages
of faith" is likely to cure the evils that still linger
among us.

The best way of aiding in a healthful evolution would
seem to consist in firmly but decisively resisting all eccle-
siastical efforts to control or thwart the legitimate work
of science and education; in letting the light of modern
research and thought into the religious atmosphere ; and
in cultivating, each for himself, obedience to "the first
and great commandment, and the second which is like
unto it," as given by the Blessed Founder of Christianity.





The Greater Distinctions in Statesmanship. Yale Literary Prize

Essay, in the " Yale Literary Magazine," 1852.
The Diplomatic History of Modern Times. De Forest Prize

Oration, in the " Yale Literary Magazine," 1853.
Qualifications for American Citizenship. Clarke Senior Prize

Essay, in the " Yale Literary Magazine," 1853.
Editorial and other articles in the ' ' Yale Literary Magazine, ' '


Glimpses of Universal History. The "New Englander," Vol.
XV, p. 398.

Care of the Poor in New Haven. A Report to the Authori-
ties of Syracuse, New York. The "Tribune," New York,

Cathedral Builders and Mediceval Sculptors. An address

before the faculty and students of Yale College, 1857. With

various additions and revisions between that period and 1885.

(Published only by delivery before various university and

general audiences.)
Jefferson and Slavery. The "Atlantic Monthly," Vol. IX,

p. 29.
The Statesmanship of Richelieu. The "Atlantic Monthly,"

Vol. IX, p. 611.
The Development and Overthrow of Serfdom in Russia. The

"Atlantic Monthly," Vol. X, p. 538.
Outlines of Courses of Lectures on History, Mediaeval and

Modern, given at the University of Michigan. Various edi-



tions, Ann Arbor and Detroit, 1858-1863; another edition,
Ithaca, 1872.

A Word from the North West; being historical and political
statements in response to strictures in the "American
Diary" of Dr. W. H. Russell. London, 1862. The same,
Syracuse, New York, 1863.

A Review of the Governor's Message. Speech in the State
Senate, 1864, embracing sundry historical details. Albany,

The Cornell University. Speech in the State Senate. Al-
bany, 1865.

Plea for a Health Department in the City of New York. A
speech in the New York State Senate. Albany, 1866.

The Most Bitter Foe of Nations, and the Way to Its Perma-
nent Overthrow. An address before the Phi Beta Kappa
Society at Yale CoUege, 1866, New Haven, 1866.

Report on the Organization of a University, with historical
details based upon the history of advanced education, pre-
sented to the trustees of Cornell University, October, 1866.
Albany, 1867.

Address at the Inauguration of the first President of Cor-
nell University, with historical details regarding univer-
sity education. Ithaca, 1869.

The Historical and part of the Political Details in the Report
of the Commission to Santo Domingo in 1871. Washing-
ton, 1871.

Report to the Trustees of Cornell University on the Establish-
ment of the Sage College for Women, with historical de-
tails regarding the education of women in the United States
and elsewhere. First edition, Ithaca, 1872.

Address to the Students of Cornell University and to the Citi-
zens of Ithaca on the Recent Attack upon Mr. Cornell in the
Legislature. Albany and New York, 1873.

The Greater States of Continental Europe (including Italy,
six lectures; Spain, three lectures; Austria, four lectures;
The Netherlands, six lectures; Prussia, five lectures; Russia,
five lectures; Poland, two lectures; The Turkish Power,
three lectures ; France, from the Establishment of French
Unity in the Fifteenth Century to Richelieu, four lectures).


Syllabus prepared for the graduating classes of Cornell
University. Ithaca, the University Press, 1874.

An Address before the State Agricultural Society, at the Capi-
tol in Albany, on "Scientific and Industrial Education in
the United States," giving historical details regarding the
development of education in pure and applied science. New
York, 1874. Reprint of the same in the "Popular Science
Monthly," June, 1874.

The Relations of the National and State Governments to Ad-
vanced Education. Paper read before the National Edu-
cational Association at Detroit, August 5, 1874. Published
in "Old and New," Boston, 1874.

An Abridged Bibliography of the French Revolution, pub-
lished as an appendix to O'Connor Morris's "History of
the French Revolution." New York, 1875.

The Battle-fields of Science. An address delivered at the
Cooper Institute, New York, and published in the "New
York Tribune," 1875.

Paper Money Inflation in France: How it Came; What it
Brought; and How it Ended. First edition, New York, 1876 ;
abridged edition published by the New York Society for
Political Education, 1882; revised edition with additions,
New York, 1896.

The Warfare of Science. First American edition, New York,
1876; first English edition, with Prefatory Note by Pro-
fessor John Tyndall, London, 1876; Swedish translation,
with Preface by H. M. Melin, Lund, 1877.

Syllabus of Lectures on the General Development of Penal
Law; Development and Disuse of Torture in Procedure and
in Penalty; Progress of International Law; Origin and De-
cline of Slavery ; etc. Given before the senior class of Cor-
nell University, 1878. (Published only by delivery.)

The Provision for Higher Instruction in Subjects bearing di-

* rectly upon Public Affairs, being one of the Reports of the
United States Commissioners to the Paris Universal Ex-
position of 1878. Washington, 1878. New edition of the
same work, with additions and extensions by Professor Her-
bert B. Adams, Baltimore, 1887.

James A. Garfield. Memorial Address. Ithaca, 1881.

II. 37


Do the Spoils belong to the Victor? embracing historical
facts regarding the origin and progress of the ''Spoils Sys-
tem." The "North American Review," February, 1882.

Prefatory Note to the American translation of Miiller, "Po-
litical History of Recent Times." New York, 1882.

The New Germany, being a paper read before the American
Geographical Society at New York. New York, 1882. Ger-
man translation, Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1882.

Two addresses at Cleveland, Ohio, October, 1882. First, On
a Plan for the Western Reserve University. Second, On the
Education of the Freedmen. Ithaca, 1882.

Outlines of Lectures on History. Addressed to the students
of Cornell University. Part I, "The first Century of Mod-
ern History," Ithaca, the University Press, 1883. Part II,
"Germany (from the Reformation to the new German Em-
pire)," same place and date. Part III, "France" (in-
cluding: 1. "France before the Revolution"; 2. "The
French Revolution"; 3. "Modern France, including the
Third Republic"), same place and date.

Speech at the Unveiling of the Portrait of the Honorable Jus-
tin S. Morrill. Ithaca, June, 1883.

The Message of the Nineteenth Century to the Twentieth.
An address delivered before the class of 1853, in the chapel
of Yale College, June 26, 1883. New Haven, 1883 ; second
and third editions, New York, 1884.

Address at the First Annual Banquet of the Cornell Alumni
of Western New York, at Buffalo, April, 1884.

What Profession shall I Choose, and how shall I Fit Myself
for It? Ithaca, 1884.

Address at the Funeral of Edward LasJcer. New York, 1884.

Address delivered at the Unveiling of the Statue of Benjamin
Silliman at Yale College, June 24, 1884. New Haven, 1884 ;
second edition, Ithaca, 1884.

Some Practical Influences of German Thought upon the United '
States. An address delivered at the Centennial Celebration
of the German Society of New York, October 4, 1884. Ithaca,

Letter defending the Cornell University from Sundry Secta-
rian Attacks. Elmira, December 17, 1884.


Sundry Important Questions in Higher Education: Elective
Studies, University Degrees, University Fellowships and
Scholarships; with historical details and illustrations. A
paper read at the Conference of the Presidents of the Col-
leges of the State of New York, at the Twenty-second Uni-
versity Convocation, Albany, 1884. Ithaca, 1885.

Studies in General History and the History of Civilization,
being a paper read before the American Historical Asso-
ciation at its first public meeting, Saratoga, September 9,
1884. New York and London, 1885.

Instruction in the Course of History and Political Science at
Cornell University. New York, 1885.

Tale College in 1853. "Yale Literary Magazine," February,

The Constitution and American Education, being a speech
delivered at the Centennial Banquet, in the Academy of Mu-
sic, Philadelphia, September 17, 1887. Ithaca, 1887.

A History of the Doctrine of Comets. A paper read before
the American Historical Association at its second annual
meeting, Saratoga, October, 1885. Published by the Ameri-
can Historical Association. New York and London, 1887.
(This forms one of the "New Chapters in the Warfare of

New Chapters in the Warfare of Science: Meteorology. Re-
printed from the "Popular Science Monthly," July and
August, 1887. New York, 1887.

College Fraternities. An address given at the Metropolitan
Opera House, New York, with some historical details. The
"Forum," May, 1887.

New Chapters in the Warfare of Science: Geology. Reprinted
from the ' ' Popular Science Monthly, ' ' February and March,
1888. New York, 1888.

The Next American University. The "Forum," June, 1888.

The French Revolution. Syllabus of lectures, various editions,
more or less extended and revised, for students at the Uni-
versity of Michigan; Cornell University; University of
Pennsylvania; Johns Hopkins University; Columbian Uni-
versity ; Tulane University ; and Stanford University. Vari-
ous places, and dates from 1859 to 1889.


The Need of Another University. The "Forum," January,

A University at Washington. The "Forum," February, 1889.

New Chapters in the Warfare of Science: Demoniacal Posses-
sion and Insanity. Reprinted from the "Popular Science
Monthly," February and March, 1889.

New Chapters in the Warfare of Science: Diabolism and Hys-
teria. "Popular Science Monthly," May and June, 1889.

The Political Catechism of Archbishop Apuzzo. A paper read
before, and published by, the American Historical Associa-
tion, Washington. December, 1889.

My Reminiscences of Ezra Cornell. An address delivered be-
fore the Cornell University on Founder's Day, January 11,
1890. Ithaca, 1890.

Remarks on Indian Education. Proceedings of the Lake Mo-
honk Conference, 1890.

Evolution and Revolution. A commencement address before
the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1890.

The Teaching of History in our Public Schools. Remarks be-
fore the Fortnightly Club, Buffalo, 1890.

Democracy and Education. An address given before the State
Teachers' Association at Saratoga, 1891. Published by the
Department of Public Instruction, Albany, 1891.

The Problem of High Crime in the United States. Published
only by delivery before Stanford University in 1892, and,
with various additions and revisions, before various other
university and general audiences down to 1897.

The Future of the American Colleges and Universities. Pub-
lished in "School and College Magazine," February, 1892.

A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Chris-
tendom. New York, 1896. French translation, Paris, 1899.
Italian translation, Turin, 1902.

An Address at the Celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of
the Onondaga Orphan Asylum. Syracuse, 1896.

Erasmus, in "The Library of the World's Best Literature."
New York, 1896.


An Open Letter to Sundry Democrats (Bryan Candidacy).
New York, 1896.

Evolution vs. Revolution, in Politics. Biennial address before
the State Historical Society and the State University of
Wisconsin, February 9, 1897. Madison, Wisconsin, 1897.

Speech at a Farewell Banquet given by the German-Americans
of New York. New York, 1897.

Sundry addresses at Berlin and Leipsic. Berlin, 1897-1902.

A Statesman of Russia Pobedonostzeff. The " Century Maga-
zine," 1898.

The President of the United States. Speech at Leipsic, Ger-
many, July 4, 1898. Berlin, 1898.

Address before the Peace Conference of The Hague at the Lay-
ing of a Silver and Gold Wreath on the Tomb of Grotius at
Delft, in Behalf of the Government of the United States,
July 4, 1899. The Hague, 1899.

Walks and Talks with Tolstoy. "McClure's Magazine," April,

The Cardiff Giant. The "Century Magazine" for October,

Farewell Address at Berlin, November 11, 1902. The ' ' Columbia "
magazine, Berlin, December, 1902; reprinted " Yale Alumni
Weekly/ 7 January 14, 1903.

Speech at the Bodleian Tercentenary, Oxford. "Yale Alumni
Weekly," March 11, 1903.

A Patriotic Investment. An address at the fiftieth anniver-
sary of the Yale class of 1853, New Haven, 1903.

Reminiscences of My Diplomatic Life. Various articles in
the "Century Magazine," 1903-5.

The Warfare of Humanity with Unreason, including biograph-
ical essays on Fra Paolo Sarpi, Hugo Grotius, Christian
Thomasius, and others. "Atlantic Monthly," 1903-5.

Speech at the Laying of the Corner-stone of Goldwin Smith Hall.

Ithaca, N. Y., October 13, 1904. Published by the Cornell

University, 1905.
The Situation and Prospect in Russia. "Collier's Weekly,"

February 11, 1905.


The Past, Present, and Future of Cornell University. An
address delivered before the New York City Association of
Cornell Alumni, February 25, 1905. Ithaca, 1905.

The American Diplomatic Service, with Hints for its Re-
form. An address delivered before the Smithsonian Asso-
ciation, Washington, D. C., March 9, 1905. Washington,

Autobiography of Andrew Dickson White. New York, 1905.



Abbey of St. Gall and its library, ii. 423

Aberdeen, Lord, his fairness on the Vene-
zuelan boundary question, ii. 122, 123

About, Edmond, his wit and humor, i. 525

Acton, Lord, his " omniscience," ii. 412 ;
his view or Napoleon, ii. 415

Adam, Mme. Edmond, W. at salon of, i.

Adams, Charles Francis, his efforts in pre-
venting war with England, i. 92, ii. 367,

Adams, Charles'Kendall, president of the
University of Wisconsin, i. 239 ; of Cor-
nell University, i. 438, 440 ; his book on
modern history, ii. 502

Agassiz, Louis, W.'stalkwith, concerning
Cornell University, i. 146; concerning
President Grant, i. 177 ; his friendship
with Ezra Cornell, i. 317 ; he ,had " no
time, to waste in making money," i.
336 ; *at opening of Cornell University,
i. 343; his lectures at Cornell, i. 355;
memorial tablet at Cornell, i. 358

Aiaccio, W.'s visit to, ii. 212

Albert, King of Saxony, festivities on
his seventieth birthday, ii. 165-167 ; his
death, ii. 206

Alexander I, Napoleon's estimate of, ii. 27

Alexander II, his freeing of the serfs, i.
455, 470, ii. 7, 27, 28, 56, 109 ; his assassina-
tion, ii. 56

Alexander III, his reception of the diplo-
matic corps, i. 451, 470 ; abolishment of
the serf system, ii. 7, 27, 28, 56, 109 ; ap-
pearance of, i. 470, 471; his character-
istics, ii. 7, 9; his mingling with the
people, i. 471 ; acts of his reign, i. 472 ;
Lord Rothschild's opinion of, ii. 4;
W.'s presentation to, ii. 7; his view of
the Behring Sea question, ii. 7, 16 ; im-
pression made upon W., ii. 9; his allu-
sion to the Chicago Exposition, ii. 8;
PobedonostzefT his tutor, ii. 55 ; the be-
ginning of his fatal illness, ii. 114

Alexander, Caleb, edited first edition of
Greek Testament published in America,
ii. 467

Alexis, Grand Duke, his recollections of
the United States, ii. 12

All Souls College, Oxford, founding of,
ii. 395

Allaben, Dr., his speech against the war
bounty bill in the New York Senate, i.
112, 115

Allen, Joseph A., teacher at Syracuse
Academy, i- 8 ; mistakes in teaching, i.
9, 10; influence over pupils, i. 11; disci-
ple of Channing and an abolitionist, i. 11

Alma-Tadema, W.'s meeting with, i. 530

Alsace-Lorraine Bismarck would have
left to France, i. 566

Alvey, Richard Henry, a member of the
Venezuela Commission, ii. 119

Ambassadors, presentation of, at Berlin
court, ii. 135

Ameer of Bokhara, made a Russian sat-
rap, ii. 43 ; his visit to St. Petersburg, ii.

American Historical Association, W.'s
part in organizing, i. 210, 432

American representatives at foreign
courts not properly provided for, ii. 18-
21, 50, 142, 182, 364-367

American Social Science Association, W.
president of, i. 432

"American Ticket" in the presidential
campaign of 1856, i. 73

Ames, Cheney, senator at Albany, i. 103

Andrews, Charles, election as judge of the
Court of Appeals, i. 152, 153

Andrews, George H., as senator at Al-
bany, i. 102

Ann Arbor, origin of name, i. 281

Annenkoff, General, his part in building
the Caucasian railway and in the annex-
ation of Bokhara, ii. 43, 112

Anspn, Sir William, ii. 405

Aoki, Japanese minister at Berlin, i. 554

Apuzzo, Archbishop, his famous "Polit-
ico-Philosophical Catechism," ii. 416, 552

Argyll, Duke of, story concerning, i. 357

Arne, Frederick, killed in the battle of
Shiloh, i. 90

Arnold, Matthew, and the Church of
Brou, i. 568

Arnould, professor at College de France,
i. 34

Arthur, Chester A., compared with Gar-
fleld, i. 190 ; story of his nomination to
the Vice-Presidency, i. 192; his success
as President, i. 193, 194

Artin Pasha and the technical school at
Cairo, ii. 435

Atkinson, Alatow-Tam Chiboulak, i. 464

Atkinson, Thomas W., a traveler in Si-
beria, i. 464

Attacheships at American legations in
foreign countries, value of, i. 449, ii. 361

" Audit dinner " at Trinity College, ii. 407

Auerbach, Berthold, his friendship with
W., i. 560

Augusta Victoria, Empress of Germany,
attitude of the people toward her, ii.
137, 138

Austria, relations with Russia, i. 451, 452

Bacon, Leonard, his attitude on the slav-
ery question, i. 67 ; W.'s meeting with,
in the South, ii. 383; his intellectual
power, ii. 539

Baden, Grand Duke of, his public spirit,
ii. 168

Baez, Buenaventura, president of Santo
Domingo, i. 4SO, 492, 502

Bailey, Judge, senator at Albany, i. 103

Baird the ironmaster, his yacht race with
the Grand Duke Alexander, i. 462

Balfour, Arthur James, attack on, by the
Irish leaders in the House of Commons,
ii. 130




Bancroft, George, i. 219; conversation
with Emperor William on the German
Navy, i. 220 ; Bismarck's feeling toward,
i. 580

Banking operations before the Civil War
and the later national banking system,
i. 183-185

"Barn Burners," an element in the Dem-
ocratic party in 1848, i. 66

Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter,
commissioner to the Paris Exposition
of 1878, receives the cross of the Legion
of Honor, i. 525

Barnes, Albert S., gift of Barnes Hall to
Cornell University, i. 406-408

Barth, Theodor, W.'s acquaintance with,
ii. 5 ; in the German Parliament, ii. 154

Barthelemy-Saint-Hilaire, Jules, his con-
versation concerning Bismarck and Von
Moltke, i. 565 ; his opinion on standing
armies, i. 566

Bayard, Thomas F., i. 218

Beaconsneld, Lord, his appearance at the
dinner of the Lord Mayor, i. 531, 532;
Bismarck's photograph of, i. 583

Beaufort, M. de, honorary president of
the Peace Conference, ii. 258, 259, 317

Bebel in the German Parliament, ii. 154

Becker, Carl, W.'s acquaintance with, i.
561, ii. 5

Beecher, Henry Ward, W.'s reminiscences
of, ii. 535

Behring Sea question, opinion of Count
Shuvaloff, ii. 5, 15 ; of Alexander III, ii.
7 ; influence and power of Sir Robert
Morier, ii. 13-20 ; British agents guilty
of sharp practices, ii. 14, 18 ; testimony
of American experts and W.'s efforts for
the United States, ii. 15-18, 21

Belden, James, advises W. concerning a
nomination to Congress, i. 223

Bell, Alexander Graham, and his "toy"
at the Centennial Exposition, i. 511

Beni Hassan, W.'s visit to the tombs at,
ii. 437

Benjamin, Judah P., Confederate Secre-
tary of State, i. 156

Bennett, James Gordon, acquaintance
with Grand Duke Vladimir, ii. 12

Berlin Court compared with that at St.
Petersburg, ii. 110, 237

Berlin University faculty, 1879-1881, i. 557

Bernaert, M., president of the Belgian
Chamber, ii. 258, 264

" Bible for Learners," impression made
by, upon W., ii. 566

Bickersteth, Bishop, W.'s acquaintance
with, ii. 393

Biddle, Judge, his remark on the taking of
life, 1. 197

Bigelow, John, consul-general to France,
i. 97

Bildt, Baron de, delegate to the Peace
Conference, ii. 264

Birney, James G., a presidential candidate
in 1844, i. 54

Bismarck, his estimate of Napoleon III,
i. 96; would have left Alsace-Lorraine
to France, i. 566 ; his relations with Lord
Odo Russell, i. 547 ; how he got rid of
bores, i. 548 ; W.'s first glimpse of, i. 574 ;
his dogs, i. 574, 585 ; his reception of W.
as minister of the United States, i. 574 ;
his feelings toward German- Americans,
i. 575, 592 ; W. dines with, i. 576 ; his opin-
ion of Thiers, i. 578 ; on the location of
capital cities, i. 576 ; his visits in Eng-
land and English spoken by, i. 579 ; his
interview with William D. Kelly and
their discussion of the tariff and the
double monetary standard, i. 582-585;

the Order of the Annunciata piven him
by King Victor Emmanuel, i. 583; his
dinner to the diplomatic corps, i. 585;
his feelings toward Carl Schurz, i. 586;
his severity toward those whom he dis-
liked, i. 586-589 ; his antipathy to cere-
monial, i. 589 ; his ill health, i. 590-592 ;
his kindness to Americans, i. 592 ; his
fearlessness, i. 595, 596 ; his feelings to-

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