Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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gleb of Bigger, and the Com" report therof to the Presbrie,
and the Presbrie their act of approbation of the said report for
adding 2 aikers of land to the gleb, and paying 600 mks. to
compleat the manse. I sent the papers therafter up to M'
Alex, to Bigger.

I read the rest of the afternoone upon Durhame on the
Revelation, anent the qualifications and previous enquiries to
be made before the admission of a minister, which I lyked
very weel.

Toward night M"^ Jo" Greg and M"" Jo" Rae and his wife


cam to our hous, and we supped altogether. M"" Rae and his
wife stayed all night and did familie dutie.

This was but a raving day to my spirit.

A faire day but cold.

15, Fry day ^ 5-Q acloak. — This morning after I was readie,
being very unweell with violent paynes in my head, after
familie dutie also I went to breakfast with M"^ John Rae and
his wife and then they went away to Skirling.

About 10 acloak I went also to Skirling to hear sermon. I
heard M"^ Jo" Rae preach on Cant. 1. 7. In the words 3
things. The compella^"", the thing desired, and her fear to go
wrong. Obs. 1, that ther are whom Christ speciallie feeds. 7
marks of them. Obs. 2, that even the sheep of Christ may have
their wounds and great scorchings of afflictioun. 5 things
mak affliction great to them. Obs. 3, that there is a quieting
rest under Christs wings for all thes wounds of affliction.
Obs. 4, that the people of God should bewar of being led asyd
by fals teachers in a sad tyme. 11 directions for the Lords
people, how they ought to cary in a tyme of darknes and
affliction, etc.

After sermon I went into M"^ Jo" Greg's hous and did read
a whyle on Rosse his Pansebeia and becaus I was very unweell
I was forced to leave the company and come home on foot.

This day I did revieu all my life since the last communion
at Ed% in order to my preparation for the communion at
Quodq", and found indeed that my heart was not so fixed about
my ingadged duties as I resolved to have been, and that my
religion is turned to stand much in words. God help me to
mynd the pouer and life of godliness.

Towards night I wrote ane letter to J*^ Hamilton to get me
ane charter of Threipwood subscryved be my lady Hamiltoun.
Then I went to dutie.

This was a pretty good day, but I was unweel.

Faire in the morning, and raine afternoone.

16 July, Saturnday, 5-6 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I went to hear the preparation sermons at Quodqn. I
heard M"" Ro* Lockhart preach on Jerem. 23. 6. In the words


3 things : what Christ is in himself, what the lost sinners, and
the great style he takes. Obs. 1, That to the salvaon of a
people it is requisite they have a righteousnes. 2^ That no
man heth a righteousnes of his oune. 2 convictions of this,
and evidences of such as have not renounced their oune ryghte-
ousnes. Obs. 3, that whosoever taks them to the imputed
righteousnes of Christ, shall not be dissappointed. Christ is
our righteousnes. 3 wayes, the way how we shall resave
Christ our righteousnes ; The objection against counting will-
ingnes faith answered. 2 uses of the whole, etc.

Nixt I heard M*" Jo Hamiltoun^ on Isai. 1. 19. Obs. in gen"
that the way to heaven is not so difficult as flesh and blood
woold mak it. In the words, a dutie and a promise. Obs.
That they that wold look for any good at Christs hand in a
feast day, they wold put on willingnes. 4 things Christ wold
haVe folk willing in. 3 things shew the danger of unwillingnes.
Obs. 2, that willingnes and obedience in the Christian go hand
in hand together. Obs. 3, that thes two in the Lords people
will bring them a sweet income. 4 sweat feast the godlie have
in their obedience. 4 reasons why folk win not at this promise,
3 words of incouragmt, etc.

Aftemoone I heard M*" James Donaldsone on John 8. 28.
In the words 2 things : a prediction of a wakened conscience,
and that under deepest guilt. The word (lifted up) exponed.
Obs. 1, That such is Christs condescendence that he will oune
his relation with the fallen race in the face of all his enemyes.
3 considerations for clearing of it. 3 things to be searched
out of this matter. Obs. 2, That Christs lowest louts and
condescendencyes to sinners becomes the butt of the wickeds
malice. This he met with in all his offices. 4 sorts of synes
against Christs condescendence. We should mak use of Christ
in all his offices, etc.

After sermons I cam home with my wiffe to the Stone, and
then went about my preperaoun and my weeklie search, and
found the Lord very bountifullie to me, and renewed my

^ John Hamilton, A.M., graduated at the University of Glasgow 1639 ;
admitted as minister of Kirkmichael i6th May 1649 ; deprived by the Act of
Privy Council 1662.



personall cov* with God, and so went to familie dutie, and
closed comfortably, I blisse God.

This was a prettie good day to me.

Fair in the morning, and foul after.

17, The Lords day, 5 a'doaJc. — This morning after I was
readie and had done family dutie, I went with my wifFe to
Quodq" communion. I heard M*" Alex. Levingston on Cant. 4.
16. The congregation devyded in S sorts. In the text 2, the
sute itself and her end. 3 reasons why he calls the church a
garden. Obs. That we should study to tak the garden readie
for the bridgroomes coming. 4 degrees of grace needfull to
allow Christ to come into the garden of the soule. Obs. 2.
That its our part in midst of all our communication to speak
comendablie of Christ, etc.

Therafter I heard M"" Rot. Broun on Cant. 2. 4. In the
words 3 things, a priviledge, the partie from whom, and the
way of it. Obs. 1, That ther are degrees of fellowship betuixt
Christ and belivers. 4 degrees of comunion. 3 reasones of the
point. 5 excellent things in this comunion wherby we may try
ourselvs. Obs. 2, That ther are some feasting tymes betuixt
Christ and his freinds heeraway. 8 feasting tymes recorded.
3 wayes Christ feasteth his freinds. 4 reasons of the point. 3
marks to know if this be a feast to you by preparaun, disposin
and fruits. 6 sutes we should mak to god. 5 motives to come
to the feast. 7 qualificns of this feast, and ane use of the
point, etc.

After sermon M"" Rob opened the actioun, and served 2
tables. I did communicat at the 2^^ table, and did renew my
GOV* with God and tak my sacrament on it, ingadging myself in
the Lords strenth to walk soberlie and humblie in order to
suffering, and to pray day lie for furniture and grace if the Lord
shall call me to that lot, and trewlie the Lord alloued me
much tendernes and a good measure of his presence all this day,
for which I blisse the Lords name.

In the afternoone I heard M"^ Alex. Levingston on Math. 6.
19. In the text a counsall and the reasons pressing it. Obs.
1, That as all men care to lay up a treasure, so the Christian
should lay up his treasure in heaven. 3 reasons why its called


a treasure, a 4 fold treasure ascribed to God in scripture. 3
treasures ascribed to men, 3 tymes to try your treasure best.
5 marks to know if your treasure be in heaven. 3 considerans
to clear and conviction of treasuring on earth. 3 comforts by
choosing Christ our treasure, etc.

After sermons I cam home to the Stone with my wifFe, and
went to secret and then to familie dutie.

This was a blissed day : Lord, grant sutable friut.

Some shouers of rain, and cold.

18 July^ Mu7iday, 5 a^ cloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went with my wiffe to Quodqn to hear the thanksgiving
sermons. I heard M' Antony Murray on Marc 13 last. Obs.
That its the dutie of all the people of God at all tymes to be
very diligent and watchfull. 5 things taken in in the watch-
full christian. 3 reasones of the point. 4 reasons in oui-selvs
to move watching. 4 in your enemy and 5 in Christ. 5 sort
of professors rebukable for not watching. 4 things to be
watched about. 4 motives and 6 helps to watchfulnes, etc.

Therafter M"" Jon Rae preached on Isai. 25. 9. In the text
4 things. The churches acknowledgm*, her stirring up, her
ground of glorification, and the improvement of it. Obs. that
the beliver waiting upon God, when he finds him, should boast
of and glorie in him. 4 things supposed in the doctrine.
4 things imported in it. 3 gi'ounds of the dutie. 2 reasones of
the point. 4 impediments of this dutie. 5 motives to the
dutie, and 6 words of counsall, etc.

Then I heard M*" Jo. Greg preach on Luc. 2. 29. In the
text 3 things, a desire, the warand of it, and the reasons of it
that moved him. Obs. 1, That Christ Jesus is Gods salvuoun
to his people. Obs. 2, That the Lord allowes so neer comunion
sometimes that his freinds can say myne eyes see thy salvation.
4 things imported in the words. 4 marks to know this sight
of Christ indeed. 3 reasons why the Lord manifests not him-
self at every ordinance. Obs. 3, That a clear sight of Christ
so ravasheth folks hearts as while somtymes it maks them
desire to die. 6 things imported in the expression. 4 reasones
that muvs a man to desire death. 3 cautions for desire of
death, etc.


After sermons Sir Jon. Ch. and I went together apart and
did read Waristouns Ires from London, July 5, 7, and 9,
wherin are great fears of forraine invasion and intestine trouble,
and a plott discovered for cutting off the councell of State,
and some jealousies betwixt some prym men in the Parliat
and in the army, all which portend sad things to this poore
land. Lord, help me to be instant in prayer in behalf

Toward night I cam home with my wifFe after we had dyned
with M*" Ro*, and then I retired myself to duty.

This was a day tending somqt to slacknes.

Fair and warme all day.

19, Tuysday, 6 acloak. — This morning after I was readie I
drew a petition in favor of Thomas Geddes for supplie, and sent
it with my wifFe to M' Alex"* to be subscribed by the Presbrie.
After breakfast I took my horse and went away to Haystoun,
and by the way having so trysted I called on Kirkurd, but he
was gone. I cam to Haystoun about 1 acloak and found there
all the tenants of the Deuchar ^ waiting for me. So my brother
counted with them all, and wold not suffer me to doe it. I
told him that he had promised no meddling more with the
tenants, but he denyed the samyne and professed he wold still
meddle, ay till he wer legallie discharged and secured. I
thought it not fitt to contend with him in words, there be no
law patent.

After compt and reckoning with the tenants and discussing
them, I was content to tak my oune part and Pat Murrays
and Ja^ Chrysties. I had resaved in money of all 700 lib., which
was 25 lib. Scots to every thousand merks, and so my brother
keept Bridgfurd's part extending to 100 lib., and I took the
rest with me and gave my broy' my note for it, that I had resaved
the saym.

After this I dyned with my brother about 4 acloak at night.

1 Mr. Hay had been acting as factor in uplifting the rents of Deuchar, and
from the wording of the Diary it appears that he had a substantial interest in
receiving them to be applied for interest of money lent, but that his brother
insisted on interfering. The reasons for Mr. Hay allowing him to do so are
significant, ' there being no law patent. '


He told me that M"" Pat Oliphant had vented many base
calumnyes against my lord Waristoun, so about 4 and a lialf I
took my leave of my brother, and went away that night to
Humbie to see the child. I was exceeding wearie when I cam
ther being late, and so after I had eaten a little, I found a
great pane in my head and went to my chamber. I resaved
2 jres fj.Qjjj i]^Q lady Humbie: One dated at Duncaster and
another at London July 12, and so I went to dutie.

This was a barren day of meditation but successful.

This was a very warme day.

20, Wednesday/, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie,
after I was readie I looked some of the trunks q'*of I had the
keys, to see that nothing therein was spoiled. I blissed the
Lord that I found the child so weell in health in Humby, and
that I heard from the mother also that she was much better
since she went away, as she writes to me, wh. was a singular
trysting mercie. About 10 acloak Alex"^ Borthwick ^ cam and I
acquainted him that I had gotten a letter from the lady desyring
some money to be sent unto her, but he protested he had no
money to doe the little things that wer recommended to him,
and that the tennents wer exceedingly poore, and had nothing
in their hands at this tyme of the yeir, and so he went.

About noone I dyned with M""^ Gray and M"^ William, and
after denner I walked doune to the mylne and saw the mason
compleating the bridge ther, and I desyred him to come the
morne to the garden dyke, and not leave it againe till he
outred it, which he promised to doe. Therafter I walked
thro the parks and saw my sons litle naig, and so cam in
again to the hous.

About 4 acloak M"* Andrew Borthuick cam to me, and we
conferred anent M"* Gedcon Penman's committee, which is to
sitt upon Tuysday come eight days. I desyred him to draw a
petition to that committee and I should cary it west to Sir
Jo" Chicsly to amend it and send it in againe to him ; so
we went in to the study and found out his seasings, and saw
great presumptions of his appropriating the church rent to his
oune use.

* He appears to have been the land steward at Humbie.


Toward night I retired and therafter cam to supper, being
very unweel I was not able to eat.
This was a tollerable good day to me.
A closse, warme day.

21, Thursday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie I copyed over the accompt betuixt my broy""
and the tennents of Deuchar, and therafter I went to breakfast,
and so took my leave of them at Humbie. I cam be M"* Ja^
Calderwood and saw him, who told me that M"* W°^ was at
Dalkeith at the exercise upon his tryells for the kirk of Dal-
keith. Therafter I cam by Keith, and told him the great need
the lady Humbie had of money, and to try him, desyred his
advice how to get some. He told me he thought Michael had
none, and for himself he protested he had not 5 lib. ster^ in
the world, so I left him after he had told me that the freinds
wer going about to settle Adam and contract him.

About 1 acloak I cam to Ed**, and after I had shifted myself
in my sisters, I went doune to M"*^ Brand ^ and saw her P^^ from
London, and told her I was to give her some money for the
lady Humbie. I spok to M"^ Jo" Drummond, who told me
that Prestons money was readie, and that it should be given
to Allantoun for the soume dew to him. He thought also
Michael should give money to the ladie. So I cam to Michael
being sick, and with some difficultie I got from him upon my
receipt 45 lib. Ster^ for the ladye's use ; and so I went out to
Redhall and saw Waristoun's children all weel, and came in
againe and resaved a letter from the lady Humbie dated
London 16 July. Therafter I wrote a long letter to her
acquainting her with all her business, and that I had delivered
to M""^ Brand 100 lib. Ster^^ for her use, and sent it away by
the post. Therafter I spok to Ja. Crystie that I had his money
readie for him, and so I cam home, and supped in my sisters
hous, and so to dutie and to bed.

This was a tollerable good day also.

A warme day and some clouds of raine.

^ Mrs. Brand's husband advanced the funeral expenses of Lady Humbie's
husband, Sir Adam Hepburn. He was probably the laird of Baberton.


22 Jidy^ Fryday, 5-6 acloalc. — This morning being in Ed',
after I was readie I went doun the way, and delivered to M"
Brand 100 lib. Ster^ for the lady Humbies use, to be answered
to her at London, and took M" Brand's receipt therupon. She
cast much of it as ill money, and so I have behind 10 mks.
of ill money which rested of the 1000 mks. was left with me
becaus Michaell gave me 45 lib. Ster^, which being added to
55 lib. Ster^ maks 100 lib., and so rests 10 mks. over the 55 lib.
to mak 1000 mks.

Therafter I went to seek Pat Murray to give him his money,
but could not find him, and therfor I delivered to his good
broy*" Ro* Bard 195 lib. and took his note, he get me Patricks
ticket of receipt of it. Therafter not finding Ja. Crystie at
his chamber I told his man that he might call for his money
fra Jo" Thomas, and so I delivered to Jo" Thomas 50 lib. to be
given to Ja. Crystie, and he get his note of receipt therof fra
me, and keip it for me.

After this I cam to my chamber and ther Andrew Stevisone
delivered to me 2 of these popish books had been sent to him as
they had been paper, q^'of I caryed the one to S"" Jo" and
promised to send him S"* Jo"'^ advyce q* to doe with thes bookes.
I caused remove the lady Humbies trunk ^ out of her father's
hous into my sisters hous for fear of any hazard that might
befall it ther.

About 1 acloak I took my horse and cam away, and becaus
I had severall 1"^ to Sir Jo. I cam be Kerswall way. I dyned
by the way at Redhall with Cradoun, and saw all my lord
Waristoun's children in health. Therafter I went on to Kers-
wall, and missing Sir Jo" I was not able to ryde any farder
that night, so I stayed and supped with the lady, being very

This was a tollerable day to me.

Most pairt raine all day.

23, Saturnday^ 6-7 acloak. — This morning being in Kers-
well, after I was readie, I took leave of the lady, and then

^ The removal of Lady Humbie's trunk out of her father's house b significant
uf the apprehensions as to her father's position.


took my horse and went to Quodq", q"" I saw my sister weel and
M"" Ro*.^ I stayed with them half an houer, they told me they
wer going to the west countrie upon tuysday nixt. Therafter
I went to Culter to meet with Sir J°" Cheislie. After I had
given him his V^^ he gave me them to read, q'' I found that the
Government is still unsettled, that ther is fear of ane invasioun,
and of ane insurrectioun of discontented persones w*in the
countrey. He advysed Andrew Stevisone to comunicat his
bussiness to M*" Douglas, that he may tak his way to comuni-
cat it or not to the Gen", and that he have a cair to save him
harmless both as to the hazard and to the charges. I was
desyred to keep Munday come 8 dayes at Culter for devyding of
their comoun. About 12 acloak I cam away from Culter, being
very unweel I cam home, and sleept neer 2 hours. About 4
houers cam Sir Daniel Carmichael and visited me and stayed
ane houer, therafter cam Elsp Greg and her good brother and
Ja^ Rae, and stayed a whyle, and after they wer gone I retired
myself to my weeklie search. I found that God had been
very kind unto me throughout this week, but that I had not
requitted the Lord as was my dutie. He hes graciously borne
me through in the bussiness I had to doe, and I have recom-
pensed him ill for good. Among uther things I was exceed-
inglie hardened and boiind up this day, which should be a
thanks giving day, my predominant rebelling ag* me, the
Lord curb it ; so I retired to prayer.

I had a letter from my broy"" and anoy"^ fra Deon Law and
one fra Ja. Hamilton anent my charter.

This day my spirit was bound up and my heart hardened.

Great clouds of raine and many this day.

24 Juli/, The Lords day, acloak. — This morning after
I was readie, and had done family duty, I went to Bigger kirk

^ Robert Brown, A.M., son of Richard Brown of Knockmerloch, whom
he succeeded, 5th December 1654, was admitted minister of Quothquan, 3rd
April 1652. He was deprived by Act of Parliament, nth June, and of Privy
Council, 1st October 1662. He died before 6th June 1674, when his son,
Andrew, was served his heir. He was married to Janet Hay, the sister of the
Diarist. — Scott's Fasti and Abbreviate of Retours.


and heard M"" Alex"" Levingston lecture on Levit. 1. The
book devyded in 3, conteining the rites, the sacrifices, and
orders and the duties to be done. In cap. 3 sorts of brunt
offerings. The herd, the flock, and the birds. Obs. gen. That
ther is no remission of sines by the blood of bulls and goats,
but thes are introductory to a more sufficient sacrifice, v. 1.
OBs. That when things are done according to the comand,
God taks pleasure therein, v. 3. 5 particular directions concern-
ing this offering, and q* is imported in each of thes directions.
V. 4. 3 things imported in the mans laying his hand on
the head of the offering. 3 obs. fra the latter part of the
cap. etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 1, being Christs sermon
on the mount, two pt* in it, the preface and the preaching ; 4
doubts answered from the preface ; from the multitude. Obs.
that Christ misseth no opportunity to preach the ghospell. In
the sermon 3 things, a proposition, the subject matter, and the
blissednes itself. Obs. That this is the christians happines
that he has blissednes proposed to him for his tolooke. This
blissednes cannot be hindered, and it is desirable. 3 rules to
know if these hes desires of this blessednes.

Afternoone he lectured on 1 John, 2. 1-15. Two duties
recommended in the verses, holines, and love to the brethren.
V. 1. OBS. That ther are different classes of christians in Christes
schoole. 3 reasons why Christ is called the righteous, v. 2.
OBS. That its the christians consolan that ther debt is once
payed already, v. 3. how a man may keep the coiTiandments,
severall argts pressing holines, till v. 9. obs. That love to the
brethren is a comendable grace, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 3. Obs. That to be poore
in spirit is a great blissednes. What this poverty of spirit is
not in 5, and then q^ it is 2 reasons of the point, 2 marks of
spirituall povertie. 1° It is very teaching of our oune condition ;
2° It maks a soule content of any lot and submissive therunto.
3 means how we may be brought to povertie of spirit: by
studying our natural condition, by comparing our prcsent wiUi
our former cond" and by comparing ourselves with thes more
strong in grace, etc.

After sermons I came hom and went about dutie, but was


troubled with melancolie, yet I found it a good though a very
heavie sad day to my spirit.

Sumq* cold and a blustering wind.

25, Munday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning after I was readie,
I went about clearing of my oune particular accompts of the
family, and found myself to be still too great a spender, but
it is very hard to reclame any man from a custome or rate of
living. I found that my brother had only delivered unto me
140 lib. of my last anual rent, so that he rests to me 10 lib
therof. After this I walked about the feilds till 12 a'cloak,
and then I cam in and dyned with my wife.

In the afternoone I went up to Bigger, being sent for to the
Sessioun about Marion Broun, wher M*"^ Ro* Broun and Pat
Andersone assisted ws according to the Presbries appointment.
After we wer met the partie was called, but wold not submitt
to our determinatioun, we dealt with her but to no purpose,
for she told ws she wold not give 2 prines ^ for our kindnes,
and threatened that she should not faill to doe that which
should prove destructive to our discipline, and so went away
in a rage. We resolved to mark her cariage and refer her to the
Presbrie. Afterward M"^ Ro* Broun told me he was to go to
the west countrey, and tak his wiffe with him to-morrow, and so
I desired him to bring me a whinger. After this I cam home
and did read a litle upon Spencer his new and old things, and
after sometyme in reading I retired myself and wrote a letter
to Andrew Stevisone anent the papist books : and so to dutie.

This was a tollerable day but barren.

Some clouds and raine this day.

26 July, Twysday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I sent up to M"^ Alex"*, and so we trysted at Toftcomb
to go to Lintoun about M"^ Ro* Broun's transportatioun. I
caryed my sone to Bigger with me, having been sick all yesterday.

We mett about 9 acloak and went to Dolphin ton and saw
him and his 2 stepdaughters and their husbands and invited
them to come and see ws, but they wold not promise absolutely.
We cam to Lintoun betwixt 11 and 12 acloak and went to the

^ Preens, pins.


Committee. We made M'" Jo" Wauch, Moderator, and M"" Ro*
Alisone, Clerk. We resaved papers and reasons from all parties
both pro and contra his transportatioun, and then called him-
self, who desyred a sight of all papers, which we granted till
afternoone, and so we adjourned till afternoone and dyned

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 10 of 28)