Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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At 3 acloak we mett againe and had some debate anent
ane reason of the Presbrie of Pebles relating to the differences
betuixt M"^ Ro* Broun and Bigger, which we caused them
expound to our satisfactioun. Therafter we called M"" Ro^
Broun, who gave in reasons against his transportatioun, which
the Presbrie of Pebles answered. We considered the whoU
papers and called in all parties, and by a vote of the Com-
mittee determined him to stay and not transport, ther being
only 2 votes for transporting him, against which the Presbrie
of Pebles protested and appealed to the Synod, so we dissolved
and I cam home and found my wife very sick.

This was a raving day.

Foule in the morning and fair y^after.

27, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie,
I sent my man over to Hartrie with Bacon's naturall historic,
which I had borrowed from him. After breakfast I went to
Bigger and heard M"^ Alex"* preach on Jude 9. Obs. That
Satan loves idolatrie so weel that he studies to set it up in any
place q' a people will obey him. 3 Counsalls q'^by we are
taught how to cary in such a case. Obs. 2, that sin is a
darring opposing and contradicting of God ; the Christian
fears God for his pouer and for his greatness. Obs. 3, that
holiness doeth so ingadg believers liearts, as they darre not
adventure to bring railing accusatiouns in not defending a good
cause against Satan, 3 reasons of the point. Use to conform
our practice to the precepts and examples of the word, etc.

After sermon I went into the Sessioun, wher we fynde a
marriage that was too numerous betuixt Jo" Haltoun and
Kat. Tarbitt, but we wrote not any of it in our book. We
ordered some parties to be cited against the nixt day. llier-
after I cam home, Ja. Crightoun cam to me to advyce anent
the Miller of Walstoune Milne his wife. I advysed him to


wait on, and if her husband dyed she would fall a 3^ of the
moveables. He told me y* the laird medled too much and was
her unfreind.

At even I did read a litle upon my litle style book, and
perused a seising of the touer which Ja. Creghtoun had given
unto me to review, and then I retired myself to dutie.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

War me clouds of rane all day.

28 July, Thursday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie I did read upon Durhame concerning the way of cove-
nanting with God and of a sinners obteining j ustification befor
him q^'in I observed a notable difference betuixt the Gov* of grace
and the Gov* of works. The first is compared to a marriage
Gov* or adoption of a child, which doeth inferre an ingadgment
to perform duties, but doth not presuppose the actuall per-
formance of them. But the uther viz*, the Gov* of Works is
compared to that bargaine that is betuixt mr and servants,
who must performe their work befor they can plead for their
hyre, etc.

I continued w*in dores till dennertyme, and then I dyned
with my wiffe, and in the afternoone I walked about the feilds,
and did read over the wholl historic of Sir Thomas More his
life and death, who lived in the tyme of K. Henry 8 of Ingland,
and was Lord Ghancellor of Ingland. He was a most bigot
papist but ane excellent Justiciarie in his tyme, and wrote
much in defence of the popish religion, and was beheaded in
anno 1537 becaus he denyed to subscryve the oath of the
Kings Supremacie as being head of the Ghurch of Ingland.

Toward night M"^ Jo'^ Greg cam in to me, and told me that
he had been at Symontoun, and that his sister was unweell,
and so I moved him to stay and sup with me, and lent him ane
book of dyalling ^ home with him. After supper and exercise,
I did read a litle upon Spencers new and old things, and
therafter retired and went to my bed.

This day was tollerably free of temptations.

Raine most p* of this day.

^ The making of sun-dials was at this time a favourite art in Scotland.
Many beautiful examples of the period are still in existence.


29, Fnjday^ 7 hour. — This morning after I was readie W™
Crightoun cam doun to me with some papers to be advysed
anent ane com pry sing led be Jo" Broun in Edmonstoun in
name of himself and 5 uther heritors of a borrowland and
houses in Biggar perteining in liferent to old John Rollo and
in fee to umq" James Rollo, his sone, partie debitor. Ja^ his
infeftment is not reg'"'^* ; I advysed him to passe his charter by
the superior, and caus Jo" Broun infeft himself therupon and
produce Jo" Rollo his obleism* to infeft his sone in caise he
quarrell the apprysing.

After we had done I gave him St. Andrews storie to cary to
the Leadhill to M'* Jo. M^Kersie, which I lent to him for 20
dayes, and so I took my denner with my wiffe.

Afternoone, Birthwood cam to me to be advysed anent ane
decreet arbitral pronounced by James Bailie and him in the
difference betuixt old Enoch and his sone, wherin old Enoch
should infeft his son in all his lands, and young Enoch gives
band to accept therof with the burden of 8000 mks., and in case
of no heires maill, that it return to old Enoch againe, and the
children of the second marriage. I advysed Birthwood to hold
be the decreet, though it was confused it wold help to agree

This wholl day I spent at home reading on Durham his 2
excellent degressions, the one upon repentance and the com-
fortable distinctions therof, and the uther of preaching and
application y^'of. At night I retired to dutie.

This was a toUerable day and much free'^ of temptations.

Very rainie till noone, therafter faire.

30, Saturnday^ 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie,
I took my breakfast and therafter I went to Skirling and saw
my horse, and found that all the yairds wer abused by the
people of the toune and parish. I spok with M' Jo" Greg and
with Jo" Young, and was advysed to maw the hey the next

Therafter I cam back againe, and resaved a letter from the
lady Humbie, dated London, July 20, showing me that she
was to go to the Bath the morne therafter, and that she had
only gotten 2 from me since her going. Therafter I went to


denner with my wife and children, and after denner I went to
the feilds, and did read most p* of all the afternoone upon
Durhame on the Revela^", cap. 4, how by the 4 beasts is meant
the diversitie of gifts and qualifications of ministers of the
Gospel, etc.

About 5 at night I met Polmudie going home frae Biggar,
and had gotten too much drink, Lord, pardon him ; therafter
W™ Creghtoun cam to me, and I payed him for the grate
masking fat ^ 4 merks, and I paid for making 9 bolls of malt in
Aprill last, and gave him 3 lib. for it, and so compleated all
bygane accompts with him.

Toward night I retired myself to my weeklie search, and
found that I had been much melancholie and very indisposed
all this week, yet the Lord had dealt very tenderlie with me, and
keeped me free of many outward temptations. I blisse his
name for the same. I find my health somq* impaired : Lord,
sanctify it to my souPs good. I am convinced of much laziness
this week : the Lord help it for the tyme to come.

This day was prettie free of temptat*^"^ and the Lord was
kind to me in closing the week.

A very seasonable and pleasant day.

31, The Lords day, 6-7 d cloak. — This morning after I was
readie and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger kirk, and
heard M"^ Alex. Liv. lecture on Levit. 2. The cap. conteins the
kinds and way of usuing the meat offering. 3 sorts of sacrifices
since the beginning. Two reasons why this sacrifice is called
a meat offering. 2 things imported in its being brought unto
the preist. v. 4. obs. that our service unto God must be the
quintessence of all our endeavours els it will not be accepted.
2*^ That the Lord taks notice of the smallest circumstances of
our worship. 3 rules of this sacrifice. It must b.e of fyne flouer,
no honey, and no leaven in it, and it must be seasoned with
salt. V. 14. That it is from the Lord that the earth brings
forth increase, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 3. 2 reasons why the
Lord begins at this step. Povertie of spirit, obs. that a man

^ Brewing vat.


poor in spirit may be rich in the grace of God, and hav
interest in the kingdome of heaven. 5 consideraons holding
furth the excellence of this kingdome. Its Christs purchase,
Its given freelie, its seasonable to the wearie. It has good
company and its eternal. 4 things qrin their misery appears
who misse this kingdome. A word for thes that mak it their
joy to secure their interest in it, etc. Afternoone he lectured
on 1 John 2. 15, etc. It conteins some christian duties that
promote holiness, 1^ love not the world. 4 argts pressing
the dutie. 1^ God and the world are contrary ; 2*^ the fruits
of the worlds love is lust and pryd ; 3° the world will be brunt
shortly; 4" lovers of God abide for ever. v. 19. obs. That
many may seeme to be of the church which are but native
hypocrits and in a delusion, v. 91. That even thes y^have
knowledg of the truth have need to be written to, etc. Ther-
after he preached on Math. 5. 3-4. Two words of farther advice
to such as hav interest in this kingdome. 3 questions proposed
to them y*^ care not for this kingdome. v. 4. obs. that in
Christs opinion it is a blessed thing to mourn rightly. What
this spirituall mourning is in 2 : it hath spirituall rise, and it
prevents carnall mourning. 4 properties of it, ane use of
exhortaun to labour for it as we wold desire to be comforted,

After sermons I cam home, and then retired myself to secret
dutie, and therafter went to familie exercise.

I found this a toUerable good day, I blisse God.

A blasting foule day of east winde and raine.

1 August^ Munday, 7-8 acloak. — This morning being very
foule I lay long. After I was readie I thought to have gone
to a tryst at Culter for devyding their comon but it was so
tempestuous my wyfe wold not suffer me to goe. So I spent the
most part of the fornoone in reading upon Broun his enquiries
in comon errors. Concerning the pigmees how ther is not
such a people in the world, and that it was a mere allusion of
Homer, who was the first that spok of them, etc.

About noone I dyned alone with my wyfe, and afternoone did
read upon Durham on the Revel, cap. 5, how by a sea of glasse,
cap. 4 V, 6, is not meant the britleness of that vessel] but the


neatness and clenlynes therof. It was a great vessell for
containing of water. From the book in his hand that sat
on the throne obs. that the Lord hath a special overruling
providence over all things that concerne his church. There is
nothing which he hath not written doun beforhand in his
book. From Christ being only worthy to open it, obs. that the
Mediator is of great worth beyond all creatures and miserable
wold we be wtout him. From v. 6 and 7 of cap. 5 is clearly
held furth the Trinity of the Persones in the Godhead, as also
the 3 distinct offices of Christ. From the word * Amen,' obs.
That it is but a mint at the best that the saints mak that
the lambs praise. Their praise is but ane assent or amen unto
all that might be said of him, etc.

Toward night I retired myself to dutie and found my spirit
had been very lasie through the day, and indisposed to any

This day was prettie free of outward temptations.

A most tempestuous night and day of east wind and raine.

2, Twysday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was ready
I read a litle on Durhame and then took breakfast and went
to set David Mair his meadow, and so I went to Bigger Kirk
and heard M"" Alex"^ Levingston preach on Jude 9. Obs. That
holy persons in defending the best cause against the worst
persons must bewar of railing accusations. How we are bound
to follow the example of the meekest persons in Scripture.
4 objections against this doctrine answered, 4 words of counsell
how to cary in this case qn we meet with provocans. 1*^
Look to the cause. 9P Look to the person with whom we have
to doe. 3^ Mark the prin" upon which you resist. 4^ Observe
the end, etc.

After sermone I went into the Sessioun, and ther we rebuked
some for drunknes and some for scandalous cariage, and so we

After the Sessioun Dolphintoun and M"^ Ja. Donaldsone^
called M"* Alex^ and me to advyse them q* to doe w* Newholme

1 James Donaldson, inducted as minister of Dolphinton on ist April 1650,
ejected for nonconformity in 1663, reinstated after the Revolution in 1688.


family, becaus the communion ther is approaching. We
thought fit after ane houres debate, that M"" Alex^ Lev. and
M' Jo. Greg write to y'" to meet w* them and conferre w* them
the nixt week, and charge y™ w^ their faults and report.

Afterward I cam home, and caused M*^ Jo" Rae dyne w^
my wyfFe and me. After denner I resaved a letter from
Waristoun from London, making me accompt of all bussines,
and another from S' Jo" Cheislie desiring me to meet and
acquaint some of our ministers to meet at Liberton on Fryday
w* some of theirs, to conferr and pray in order to thes sad
revolutions, which I did ans"*.

This was a tollerable good day.

A tollerable calm day.

3 August, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning befor I rose
I resaved a letter from Culterallers ^ desireing me to meet w*
S' J** Cheisly at ten hors in Culter for devyding of the whyte
comon in regard it was submitted to ws and all pairties wer to
be there, which I promised to keep.

After I was up and ready I took my breakfast and went on
foote to Culter, and so I went streight to the church and heard
M"^ Jo" Menzies Minister at Jo"^ toun preach there upon 2
Corinth 6. 1. Obs. That the most part of men and women
are useles hearers of the Word : the grace of God here is
meant the Ghospel. 5 reasons why folk resave the grace
of God in vaine. And so he went on to the use, and named
some advantages by way of motives and some disadvantages in
not resaving the Gospell and apply ed to by try ell, etc. I did
not write for I expected no sermon, and had not my book.

About 2 acloak S*^ Jo" cam, and so Lamingtoun and we all
met together at Culterallers Hous and debated what was to be
done. And after it was fair, we took or horses and rode round
about the whyte coiTion, and marked the contraverted bounds
q' it joins w* the severall, and referred it to proba", and so after
six at night we parted, and I cam home.

This day I resaved from S' Jo" 5 letters from Waristoun

* Alexander Menzies of Culterallers. He was infeft under a Precept of
Clare Constat, dated i6th November 1647, in the lands of Culterallers, etc, of
which he was the third laird. The family is a younger branch of Mensies
of that ilk. The estate of Culterallers was sold in 1771.



conteining all news. The last of them was dated July 26.
Becaus Waristoun desired S*" Jo. to comunicat all his Ires to
me, I brought them home w* me at night and read y"'.

This was but a raving day to me.

Wind in the morning and raine afternoone.

4, Thursday^ 6 a'cloak. — This morning after I was ready I
took my horse and went to Culter according to my appoint"^*
yesternight. I found S"^ J*^ in bed and conferred w* him anent
the newes from London, and found all things in very great
disorder both at home and abroad. Therafter he shew me a
list of persons for all places through the land, qrin I found S""
Jo" a judge, and I found not my oune name at all, which will
be my mercy I hope. It is supposed to be done be W"^
Drurey, and was sent to London w* Robert Andrew.

About 10 acloak we went to or tryst and appointed 3 men
to measure the whyte comon, viz., Jo" Calender, James
Crightoun, and W°^ Wilsone. We nominated also 4 men to
compense quantity w* quality, viz., David Somervell, James
Paterson in Bigger Sheills, Jo"^ Kello in Kilbocho and Jo.
Porteous in Nisbett, and after one acloak we parted, and
resolved to meet againe upon advertisement and divyde it.

I came streight to Skirling to the visitatioun of the presbrie
ther. They had done w* the exercise befor I cam, and wer at
discipline. We appointed to sumone the Lady Queensberry to
or presbitery this day moneth. We appointed a young man
to have his comon head this day 15 dayes at Bigger, and closed
Ja. Robisons processe.

Thereafter I went in w^ the brethren and M"^ Ro* Eliot
correspondent from Pebles, and dyned w* M^ J*' Greg, and at
night came home on foot to our oune house.
This was a tollerable good day.
A fair, windie, dry day.

5 August, Fry day, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went to Bigger and waited a litle for M"^ Alex*", and
so he and I went together to Libertoun to the corresponding
meeting for prayer betwixt the two presbyteryes. By the way
he told me that he had a sound bout w* M"^ Hary Scot a*nd


that M^ Hary was very displeased w* me. He told me also
that he heard M"^ Hary was worth 100000 lib. Scots, which
Comiss'' fleming ^ asserts.

We cam to Libertoun, and met ther w* S*" John and M' Rot.
Lockhart and M"^ W^ Broun and some of our oune ministers.
We prayed one whyle and conferi'ed another whyle, the chieff
head was concerning the litle sense was upon the Lords people
of his threatening to wMraw himself from the land, and the
danger of increase of error, especially seing a petition is sent
to the Parliat of Ingland for tolleran, subscryved by above 200
hands of Scotsmen, the chieff being Garthland and M*" Rot.
Gordon, etc.

Betwixt 4 and 5 at night we dissolved, having appointed
our nixt meeting to be in this same place this day 20 dayes,
August 26. I cam home w* M"" Jon. Greg, and by the way
visited my sisters children at Quodqn, who wer weel. Therafter
I visited Els Greg at Symontoun, who had parted with child, and
so cam home. M"^ Jo. Greg supped w* me, and so went home.
So I went about dutie and so to bed.

This was a tollerable good day.

A foule day, most part rainie all day.

6, Saturnday, 8 cCcloak. — This morning I lay long, having
been someq* unweel. After I was ready and had breakfasted
Gilb Broun cam to me having been in Haystoun all nyt, and
told me my brother was new come fra Edinburgh, and the newes
there wer that there was ane insurrection in Wales, and Massie
was ther and major gen. Broun was up also, all which I did not
much believe. He told me also that the Inglish had built
a horseguard in Edin"" street, and had discharged the whole
countrey to keep good horses above 5 lib. sterL, which was also
this day proclaimed at Bigger.

Therafter James Dicksone cam in to me, and talked a whyle
w*^ me, and took my advice in some things. Then cam in
Richard Jamesone to speak w* me also. After they wer all
gone I went to denner.

In the aftemoone I did read 3 or 4 stories of Gods judge-

^ Sir William Fleming of Fer me.





ment in revenging the execrable sin of murther, written by
J.Reynolds 1640, which book I borrowed from the Laird of
Hartrie,^ that I may read it over. Therafter I went to the
fields and walked a good whyle ; and then went about my weeklie
search, and found that though I had stirred much abroad this
week, yet had I been very litle useful], either to God's honour,
or my oune soules advantage. Only I have reason to blisse
the Lord for bearing me through in the things I have been
employed in, and I resolve in his strenth to be more diligent.

This day was prettie free of outward temptations.

A very windie, goulin day.

7 August, The Lords day, 7 cCcloak. — This morning after I
was readie and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger kirk
and heard M"^ Jo" Hume lecture on Cant. 3. 1 -6, concerning the
spouses exercise under desertion, v. 1. 3 things, her exercise,
his designan and her unsuccesfulnes. Obs. 1, That ifs ordinary
for belivers to meet w' the hidings of God heeraway. 2^ That
it's a christian's dutie to put on a disposition suitable to the
Lords dealings. 3*^ That its natural to the best folk to be at
the easyest way to recover their condition. ¥ That qn Christ
is desired he leavs somthing of himself behind to seek after
yt which is gone. 5° that qn the soule has mist Christ it may
be long er it find him againe. v. 2. That Christians qn they
miss Christ in one ordinance they should seek him in another.
V. 4. That a mean may be blest to a soule, though not ime-
diatlie, etc.

Therafter he preached on Galat. 4. 15. 4 considerans for
clearing the words. Obs. That belivers so long as they walk
in God they have a very blissed tyme of it. 3 things prove
blissednes to be on religions side of it. 13 things qrin the
godly man's blissednes doth consist. 4 questions to be ansered
befor we can resolve qt blissednes is, qt is Gods love, qt is his
mercy, qt is his pouer, and qt is eternitie. 3 uses of the point
be way of applicaoun, etc.

Afternoone M"^ Alex. Levingstone lectured on i. John 3. 1-11.
Qrin are three things: the Christians dignity, the way of

James Dickson, his landlord.


atteining to a sight of it, and the marks of such as have atteined
to it. 4 answers to the doubt if thou be the man for whom
Christ hes done thes things. 4 inseparable marks of trew
sonship. V. 1. obs. That all the atteinable injoyments of
Christians in a world are but growing. Obs. 2, That ther is
a great difference betuixt what Christians injoy now^, and qt they
shall injoy heerafter. The way of faith and hope followes, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 4. What this blissed
mourning is that goes befor spirituall comfort in 3. 5 direc-
tions that we may be keept in a lively mourning frame. Obs.
That holy sorrow shall not want sweet consolation er all be
done. 3 reasones of the point. 4 sorts of persones waimed
from this doctrine: The atheist, the carnall ghospeller, the
hypocrite, and the faint beliver. 3 marks of trew sorrow, etc.

After sermons I cam home and went about secret and
family duty.

And found this a right comfortable day, I blisse God.

A warme day w* some showers.

8, Munday^ 5-Q acloak. — This morning befor I rose I fell
upon serious meditations of my former life, and reflected upon
the most grosse sines thereof that I could remember, and
begged earnest pardon therof through Christ. After I was
readie I went about family duty, and so prepared myself to go
to Humbie to yisite the child ther, according to my ingadg-
ment to her mother q" she went away ; so my wyffe and I took
horse^ together about 10 hors and called at Skirling.

About 4 acloak at night we cam to Clerkingtoun, q*" we
lighted but could get no meat for money. Ther they told us
of a well that was very healthfuU lately discovered ther, and
that Harden and his lady, and Prestongrange and his lady, and
M"" Ja. Kirkton had been drinking of it thes 5 or 6 dayes. I
sent immediatly for some of the water and drank a chopin of
it, but I found no operation save only that it made me niak
much urine.

About 5 acloak we lap on again, and cam be Bletoun, Hes-
perstoun, Snipe and Meddletoun, and did sing psalmes be the

^ She would likely be riding on a pillion behind his man. See infru.


way, my man being ryding befor my wifFe, and so it was past
7 at night befor we cam to Humbie. I found them all weel,
blissed be God. M""^ Gray told me she had been at the com-
munion at Bothans which was a good day yesterday, and that
M"^ Laurence Chart^''^ had M"" Jo° Hardie helping him. She
told me she heard nothing from the Lady Humbie since she
went to the Bath from London. Therafter we went to supper,
and so to our chamber, being very werie and my wyfe not very
weel, and so we went to bed.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A very warme fair day.

9 August^ Twysday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was readie I conferred a litle w* M"^ W™
Thomson, who told me that word was in Ed"^ of a ryseing in
Wales for the king, and the genii, had a letter for it. After
we had taken our breakfast M"^^ Gray and I went doune to the
church, and wer exceedingly wet by the way. I heard M"^ Ja.
Calderwood preach on Matthew 26. 41. In the words 2 things,
an evil and ane means to prevent it. Obs. that the Lord's people
are not exempted from temptations. 2 reasons and 2 uses of it.
Obs. 2, That ther is great danger of entering into temptatioun.
Q* it is to enter into temptaun. 2 reasons of the point, one
use. Obs. 3, That we cannot keep ourselves from temptation.
2 reasons of it. 2 means of preventing it, watching and prayer.
5 things incumbent to us to doe y* we may watch against

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 11 of 28)