Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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tempta"^. 4 principall seasons of temptans to be watched
against. 2 means of watchfulnes and 2 motives, etc.

After sermon I spok a litle w^ M"* Ja. and M"^ W™ Calder-
wood, who hes his comon head and theses on Thursday at
Dalkeith, and then came home to Humby and went to denner.

After denner I wrote a letter to the Lady Humbie at the
Bath, and another to my lord Waristoun, desiring him to
prevent the sending doun of the former Comissioners, and
sent them both in to Ed"^ to be sent away by the post at night.

Therafter I went in to the Lairds studie and did tak out
S"" Jon. Haywards historic of King Edward 6, and did read on
it all the afternoone till night that I retired to dutie. —

This was a tollerable good day.

Warme w* some heavie shouers of rayne.


10, Wednesday, 8 a'cloak. — This morning being in Humbie,
after I was readie I did read upon S"" Jo. Haywards historic of
King Edward 6, qrin most particularly Pinkiefeild is described,
and the losse that befell Scotland ther; The Inglish army
being led by the Lord Protector, the duke of Somerset, and my
lord Warwick, and the Scots army by the Governor of Scotland
• my D. Hamiltoun, Angus and Huntley. Also concerning the
several insurrections in several places in Ingland becaus of the
reformation of religion, especially that great insurrection at
Norwich, also concerning betwixt the kings of England and
France, also concerning the beheading of the Protectors
brother by the Protector and his wifs means, and then how
the Protector was 1° degraded, then fyned, then beheaded at
last, and how the Earle of Warwick did guid all, being made
Duk of Northumberland, and of king Edward's death, being
aged 17, anno 1553.

I dyned w* M" Gray and my wiffe, and after denner M"^ Ja.
Calderwood cam up and saw me and we walked together a long
tyme. He told me that M' Jo. Hay my L. Tweddalls chap-
lane was passing his tryells. Therafter I got a letter from the
Lady Humbie, dated at Bath, July 31, qrin she is content to
tak Jo" Calander to be her stewart and to give him 5 lib.
sterl. etc.

After M"^ James was gone I walked through the parks, and
saw my sones litle pownie, and then sent doun to M"" James for
a new book written be M"^ Baxter called a holy commonwealth.
Therafter I retired myself, and then went to supper.

This was a tollerable good day.

A prettie good day till neer night.

II Aiigust, Thursday, 6-7 hors. — This morning, being in
Humbie, after I was ready, and had taken breakfast w^ M"
Gray and my wifTe, I went to Ormistoun kirk to a fast befor the
comunion, and heard M"" Jo" Sinclair lecture on Ps. 24. In
the Ps. a 2 fold kingdome of Christ, his universall kingdome,
and his special 1 kingdome, the church, v. 3. obs. that we
should not content ourselvs to be membei*s of his gen" king-
dome of providence, but should stryve to be visible menibei-s of
his church. 2° That Christ hath but few subjects of his


speciall kingdome. Some marks given of subjects of this
speciall kingdome, viz. 3. 2 directions how to mak clean
hands and pure hearts, etc.

Therafter he preached on Jer. 7. 22 : four wajes how the
Lord doth disclame their sacrifices, and one way how he ap-
proved them. Ceremoniall ordinances of old test, are either
sacramentall or not. The sacramentall 2, circumcision, and the
passover. The Jews 3 fold sin in the sacrament of circum-
cision. 4 things to be done for reaching the right end of thes
ordinances. 3 differences betuixt the sacraments of the old and
new test. 3 things further considerable in the words. 3 sins
of the Jews provocked God that we should bewarr of, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on Ps. 24 from v. 4. Ther is a 2 fold
righteousnes inherant of sanctifican and imputed of justifican.
Obs. That whoever God gives righteousnes to, its a sure mark
of their salvaoun. The word Selah exponed. v. 7. obs. that we
should cast open the doors of our hearts that so Christ may
come in. v. 8. that its our dutie to be very studious to know
Christ, etc.

Therafter he preached on Jer. 7. 22. Fy ve great sines wherof
the Jewes wer guiltie in going about their performances. The
temporall deliverance out of Egypt compared w* our spirituall
deliverance by Christ. Obs. that great deliverances wold be
improven by renewing our cov* w* the Lord. 7 ends of God's
appointing the ceremoniall law. Obs. that obedience is the great
thing God requires, etc.

After sermons I went home to Humbie, and so went about
secret and then familie worship in the hous.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A very great raine all day since midnyt.

12, Fry day ^ 7 cC cloak. — This morning, being in Humbie,
after I was readie, being very foull, I kept w*in doers, and did
read all the fornoone upon M"" Baxter his holy commonwealth,
wherein 1° I find he states the old cause very weell, and shews
how it is all inverted now, and cryes doun the present way of
pressing oathes and ingadgments by many arg*^. 2^ In his
additional preface he ansrs. Sr. Hen. Vanes ansr. to the healling
questioun, and shews Jesuitisme and falshood in it. 3^ I did


read his ans"" to M"^ Ja. Herington, his book called Oceana, qrin
he refutes him, and provs him to be ane atheist. And lastlie,
I lyked weell the accompt he givs, why he did ingadg at first in
the warr for the parliat. and the state of the cause as it was
then, etc.

Therafter we went to denner together, and after denner I did
go in to the study and did read all the afternoone upon Strada
his Belgick history, in french, concerning the invasion of Ing-
land by the king of Spaine in anno 1588 ; and I find he maks a
very modest accompt of all things, and differs much from the
Inglish and Belgick historians both anent the number of persons
killed and the mainer of the fighting, etc.

Therafter I went up to M"" W'" Thomson's ^ chamber, and
did read on some of his books, and looked q** Humbie hous was
mended, and therafter retired myself to dutie in secret, and
then went to the familie exercise.

I found this day prettie free of temptans.

A terrible raine all day.

13 August, Saturnday, 6-7 hors. — This morning, being in
Humbie, after I was ready, and had taken breakfast w^ M"
Gray and my wifFe, we went all altogether to the preparation
sermon at Ormistoune kirk ; but, being come 3 hors befor the
tyme, I rencontred w* the Lady Cranstoun^ in the garden, w*
whom I walked above 2 hrs. She told me that she heard that
all Lancashyre was risen in armes against the Parliat., and that
they had invited my lord Manchester to be their genii, and S'
W*" Waller to be y"" Lieut. Generall, which I had not heard
befor ; therafter she told all the progresse of her lords selling
Ledstwood to Graidoun, and how hardlie the Lady Waristoun
had used her in that bussines.

^ William Thomson seems to have been factor at Humbie, and to have
resided there occasionally, taking charge of the estate, while Mrs. Gray had
oversight of the household.

'•* Lady Cranston was Lady Mary Leslie, third daughter of Alexander, first
Earl of Leven, wife of William, third Lord Cranston. lie was taken prisoner
at the battle of Worcester and committed to the Tower. He was particularly
excepted from Cromwell's Act of Grace and Pardon, April 1654, by which his
estates were sequestrated, but a portion of the lands, of the yearly value of j^200,
was settled on his wife and children.


About 1 acloak we went to sermon and heard M*" Jo" Stirling
preach upon 1 Pet. last 8. In the text a 2 fold dehortatioun
and a reason of it. Obs. That it is a great dutie called for at
all christians hands to learne to be sober. What sobriety is,
and how 1 Cor. 13 may be apply ed to it. 3 kinds of insobrietie
to bewarr of, carnall, worldlie, and spirituall. 6 argts to bring
ws to worldlie sobrietie. Sprituall insobrietie branched out in
5. 4 evils of spirituall insobrietie. Obs. 2, That watchfulness
is a necessary Christian dutie. 6 directions about this dutie,

After sermon I went up to Ormistoun, q"^ the lady Keith
told me that the lady Humbie was taken prisoner, which I did
not believe. Therafter I went home to Humbie, and retired
myself, and by prayer renewed my personall covenant w* the
Lord, promising in his strenth tomorrow to tak my sacrament
upon the terms of employing God for sobriety and watchfulnes;
and therafter I was called to my weeklie search, and found
myself very unservicable to my maker, yet I blisse his name
for his gracious countenance and favour, and so went to the
exercise of the family.

I found much unquietnes in my spirit this day in talking.

Prettie fair all day.

14, The Lords day, 4 a'cloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was ready and had gone about family dutie,

1 went to Ormestoun kirk to the comunion and heard M"" Jon.
Sinclair preach on Jer. 32. 40. Fyve prinll things in the text.
I*' the party covenanting, God and the poor sinner. 9P the
partie w^ whom he covts, which is 3 fold, the originall, Christ ;
the examplary, Abraham, and the partie at large both Jew
and Gentile. 3° The things covenanted. 4 things on the
Lords part. A 4 fold grace needfuU in this point. 2° faith
is required on our part. 4 properties of it. 5 reasons why
it excells all other covenants. 5° the marks of covenanters.
3 marks of covenants. 6^ how to enter into this covenant.
6 wayes how we may enter in cov* w* the Lord. 7** how folk
shall behav themselvs w* whom the Lord has made this
covenant. How sines of infirmitie are not a breach of the
cov*. A demonstration how this cov* cannot be broken off.

2 things trouble folk when they go off the world, etc.


After sermon I did communicat at the S'"'^ table, served be
M' Kirkton, and according to the terms I had renewed my
covenant w* God yesternight, I did talc my sacrament for a
seall therof, ingadging myself in the Lords strength to be mor
sober thenever I have been, both as to the world and in spirit,
as also to be watchfull over all my wayes both in heart, tongue,
and hand, by the Lords assistance, and the Lord gave me much
melting of heart, blissed be his name for it.

In the aftemoone I heard M"" James Kirkton preach on John
6. 67. Obs. 1, That Jesus Christ the Lord is desirous to have
some followers. 9P That the Lord loves to establish his people
by preparatorie try ells, befor the fyre of temptan come. Obs. 3
That it beseems ws all to be jealous over ourselvs that we fall
not away. 5 grounds qrupon we ought to suspect ourselvs of
falling away. 3 notable comendations of fear, its good against
apostacie, its very succesfull, and it preserves tendernes, etc.

After sermons I took a drink in the place, and then took my
horse and went away to Humbie, and after privat dutie ther, I
went about family dutie w* Ja. Carram.

This was a very good day to me, blissed be God.

A warme day w* some shouers.

15 August^ Munday, 5-6 a' cloak. — This morning being in
Humbie, after I was readie James Caram went about family
dutie, and then we took breakfast and so took our horse and
went away to Ormistoun kirk to the thanksgiving sermons. I
heard M*" Jon. Stirling preach on Revel. 3. 19. In the text
2 the Lords apologie, and his exhortaun. Obs. 1, that rebuks
and chastisments to the Lords people are fruits of his love, and
not as the severity of a judge. Obs. 2, that if you manage not
your rebuks weell, ther will come sorer stroaks of chastisment
upon you. Obs. 3, that trew zeal is that the Lord wold wald
up by his rods in a lukewarm people. 4 motives to stirre
up zeall in ws. 6 directions for right ordering of our zeall.
4 motives to stirr ws up to tlie lively exercise of repentance, etc.

Therafter I heard M' Kirton preach on Jer. 6. 4. Obs. 1®,
That its ane irreparable lossc to losse ane opportunitie. %
mysteries in opportunity. Obs. 2** That the possession of our
most noble enjoyments are measured by a short measure.


Obs. 3^ That ther are signes of Gods wMrawing befor they
come. 3 meditans concerning the signes of Gods wMrawing
from a person or a land. Obs. 4° That the forerunners of Gods
dispensations are to be seen in shaddowes. 3 shaddowes im-
porting God lik to leave Scotland, etc.

After sermons I went doun, being earnestly dealt w*, and
dyned w* M"* Jo" Sinclar : M"" Stirling and M"^ Kirton being
w* ws, wher we first looked to a fyne new manse he hes now
built, and a very fyne garden. After we had dyned, we went up
to his studie and looked upon the Biblia polyglotta and some
uther bookes in his librarie. About 4 a'cloak we went away
and called by the way at Keith, and stayed there ane hour,
therafter we went up to Humbie, M"* Kirton being w* us, and
retired ourselves a little, and therafter went to familie exercise.

This day was someqt raving to my spirit.

A good seasonable day.

16, Twysday^ 7 cC cloak, — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie I conferred a long tyme w* M"^ Ja. Kirtoun,
who told me that the well at Clerkintoun was the very same
water which is at New Mylns. He told me also that he was
very affrayed of Quakers at this tyme, and that he had very
sad apprehensions of the issue of thes insurrections in Ingland
at this tyme.

After we had breakfasted together my wiffe and I took leave
of all friends at Humbie and cam away to Ed% and M"" W*"
Thomsone cam along w^ ws, who related by the way some stories
concerning the disputs the presbitry of Hamiltoun had w* the
Quakers, and how M"" Francis Aird proved that the Scripture
was the word of God. We had great difficultie to passe the
waters, so we cam to Edinburgh about 5 a'cloak.

I wrote ane letter to the Lady Humbie acquainting her that
I heard she was prisoner, and that troubles in Ingland wer
growing, and desireing her earnestly to hasten home. Therafter
my wiffe and I went up to my sister's hous. I resaved a letter
from the Lady Humbie, dated July 27, which had lyen some
tyme undelivered to me.

About 7 acloak I went doun to M"* Stirlings hous to learne
news, who could tell me non ; but that the troubles in Ingland


wer increasing and a great report of the kings landing in
Bewmoris in the yle of Mona. His wife told me she heard that
Swintoun had resaved the order of Wallingford hous, which I
could hardlie believe.

Therafter I cam up the way home agane to my good-
brothers hous, and found my wifFe ther. Therafter we went
to supper w* my brother and sister and heard that M' Leving-
stons communion was to be at Ancrum the nixt Lords day, but
I regretted yt that I could not win to it.

This was a confused day to me.

Much raine fell this day.

17 August, Wednesday f 5 a cloak. — This morning being in
Ed"^ after I was readie I went abroad to the street and met
M*" Ja. Crystie, who told me he had resaved 50 lib. of the Deuchar
rent which I left to him, and had given ane note of receipt
thereof from me to Jo" Thomas. Therafter I mett w*^ Patrick
Murray, who was weell pleased that I had given him 185 libs,
and had given it to his good broy*" Ro^ Beard, so he cam to ws
and I gave him his oune note and 1 got from him Pat Murrayes
note. Therafter Pat told me that Soundhope had cutted some
wood that the half belonged to ws in Kershope. I promised
to write to him.

Afterwards I met w* M"^ W"^ Cheislie, and did read Waris-
touns Ires to S"^ Jo", wherin I found that ther wer many counties
risen in Ingland, but that all thes wer prevented except on
partie in Chester under S"^ George Booth, who wer about 4000
men, against whom Lambert was gone w* 2 regiments of foot,
3 of horse and 2 of dragoondes ; also that the peace betwixt
Ingland and Holland was concluded anent the Sound and
ratifyed in Parliat, also that the Act of Union was concluded
betwixt Ingland and Scotland, etc.

I dyned at Andrew Steinsones hous, and after denner I
payed 25 lib. to Jo" Mowbray in compleat payment of all
accompts resting unto him. Tlien I payed 19 lib. 2 sh. to
James Lawsone, and sat w* him ane hour. Therafter I bought
the Confession of faith and Catechisme in 4*** and resolve to
study it for the good of my family and nighbours. Towards
night I cam home to my lodging, having visited Barbaiti


Geddes. I heard that ther was no Hfe expected for Michaell

This was but an unsatisfying day to my spirit.

A very rainie day.

18, Thursday, 6 a cloak. — This morning being in Ed^,
after I was readie, I resolved to go home, having payed all the
debt I was owing in Edinburgh, and becaus I had not seen
Waristouns children I went out w* my wifFe to Redhall, wher
I saw all freinds weell. I resaved a letter and a messg'^ from
Humby shewing me that the child is weel. Wherupon I wrote
ane letter to the Lady Humbie at Bath, desireing her to hasten
home becaus of the troubles that are in Ingland.

I dyned with the children and Gradoun ^ and his ladie at
Redhall, and after denner M'' W°^ Cheisly cam from Dalkeith
and brought ane passe for S^ Jo^ and another to me, for
which I payed a doller. The Gener^^ wold allow non to have
pistolls save only S'^ John. He allowed me to cary a sword.
M^^ W"^ told me that he heard S^ Geo. Booths partie had left
Chester and was gone in to Wales, and Lambert w* his party
was after him.

Therafter my wifFe and I went to horse homeward, and got
a most vehement raine be the way. About 7 a''cloak at
night we cam to Dolphintoun, and ther the Laird wold needs
have ws to stay all night, becaus it was so very foull. He
told me that they had their Communion this last sabbath,
and that non had helped save only M^ Alex^ Levingstoun.
That the major ^ and his wifFe wer reconciled and had given
in ane paper of acknowledgement to the sessioun. I told him
all the news that I knew from Ingland and Bayon, how the
Cardinall and Don Lewis Haro stood 15 dayes, which of them
should come to uther, and at last met midgate. Thereafter
we went to supper and so to family dutie, and so parted and
went to bed.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A most vehement raine.

^ George Home of Graden, now Milne Graden. His wife was Helen Johnston,
sister of Lord Warriston and aunt of Lady Humbie. - Major Lermont.


19 August, Fryday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being in
Dolphingtoun, after I was readie I went to breakfast. Ther-
after my wiffe and I took horse and cam away home. After
I was come home, I went immediatlie to the litle medow at
Skirling, and saw our people raiking it, and gave order to
borrow a few horses to cary it home to the Lee at the

Then I went to Skirling kirk and heard M^ John Rae
preach on Ps. 25. 8. Obs. that covenant interest is the best
ground to go to God with by prayer. 2° That greatnes of
iniquity is no marre nor hinderance unto God to pardon the
same. 3° That faith can mak use of any arg*, even that of
unbeleefe, for obteining its end. 4° That sense of sin raaks
folk run to God and present their case as it stands, etc. T
did not write becaus I knew not sermon was to be, and so
had not my book w* me.

After sermon I cam home on foote, and M'^ John Rae
followed me, on horsback and dyned w* me. Or folk told me
that becaus I had been so long from home the people of
Bigger vented it that I had fled becaus of the kings coming
home w* ane army, but I said I never intended to fly except
I wer guiltie.

After denner I went up to Bigger w* W™ Crightoun, who
had come doun to ask my opinion what he should do, becaus
his brothers sone was layed in the stockes for hindering folk
to travell on the Sabbath ^ by Colintoun, and M^ W™ Scott.
We went to M'^ Alex'', and we resolved it was best to suffer
a whyle in thes present troublesome tymes, till the Lord turned
the chase againe. So I conferred a whyle w* M' Alex', and
therafter I cam doun again home.

Toward night I put my accompts of money spent* since I
went away in some order, and then I went to familie and
secret dutie.

^ This shows that the same question about the lawfulness of travelling on
Sunday, about which there is so much difference of opinion in the twentieth
century, was also raised in the seventeenth. A zealous Presbyterian had inter*
fered with a traveller on that day, and had been rewarded for his pains by being
put in the stocks by magistrates of more liberal opinions.


This was a tollerable good day.
Fair, except some small shouers.

20, Saturnday, 7 d* cloak. — This morning after I was readie,
hearing that ther wer preparatioun sermones to be at Petty-
naine, after I had breakfasted, I went up to Bigger and went
along with M^ Alex^ to Pettynane Kirk. I heard M^ Tho.
Laurie preach on Isai. 40. 11. In the text 3 things. 3 con-
siderans for clearing the words. Obs. That in some particulars
weak belivers are more tenderly delt w* than strong ones.
7 particulars wherin Gods love is seen to them. In 3 par-
ticulars weak grace is als usefuU as strong grace. 4 reasons
of the doctrine. 4 reasons why weak belivers case requires
tender dealing. A 3 fold use of the point to ministers, to
strong christians, and to weak ones. 5 cases wherin this
doctrine is comfortable to weak one. 6 motives to come
and imbrace Christ. 3 duties that we may be among Christs
flock. 5 atteinments of strong belivers which weak ones
attein not, etc.

Therafter I heard M^ Alex^ Levingston preach on Ps. 4. 3.
In the text 4 things remarkable. Obs. That its Gods delight
to entertein fellowship w* the godly, setting them apart for
himself. 4 considerations for clearing it. 4 grounds of the
doctrine. 5 things mak up ane conformity w* God. 3 pro-
perties of the condition of being set apart for God. 4 acts
of communion betuixt Christ and belivers. 3 ends for which
God hath set apart the godly for himself, etc.

After sermons I spok a litle w* S'^ Jo. Cheisly and read my
L. Waristouns last letter, and so told him qt I had heard of
countrey news, and took leave of him. So M^ Alex^ Lev:
and I cam away home together. We cam be Quodqn, and
saw my sister and her husband and children weell. I resaved
a whinger ^ fra M^ Rot. which I caused mak at Kilmarnock,
and payed him 43sh. 4d. for it.

Therafter I cam away home and retired myself to my weekly
search, and found that my wayes could not be very pleasing

1 In virtue of the pass given him by General Monck to carry arms, Mr. Hay
provided himself with a whinger or sword, which he got made in Kilmarnock.


unto the Lord, becaus I found my heart very loose so soon
after a communion, especiallie I found my unwatchfulnes
most eminent in my tongue, which I purpose in the Lords
strenth to amend.

Therafter I composed myself to duty in secret, and then
to family worship, and closed comfortablie.

This was not an ill day, I blisse the Lord.

A very seasonable, fair day.

21 August^ The Lords day, 7 d cloak. — This morning after

1 was readie and had done family duty I went to Bigger kirk
and heard M'^ Alex'' Lev. lecture on Lev. 4. The sacrifice
for sin branched out for 4 sorts of persones. Obs, 1, That
nothing could be performed by thes sacrifices, that could blott
out the sines of the people. 2° That ther is no sin how
small soever, but hes need of a sacrifice. 2 things to comfort
the Christian upon discovery of guilt, qn it is against his
watch and against his will. Obs. v. 3. that no person is free
of sin, and so cannot be exeemed from repentance, v. 13.
multitudes guilt taks not away the offence, v. 22. That God
will not bear w* sin in any rank of people, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 5. In the text is the
work, and the wages. Obs. That meekness of spirit is a very
blessed and desirable thing. Its proven both from Christs
precept and a threefold practice, in Moses, in Christ suffering,
and in Gods dealing w* Jonah. 4 reasons of the point. Its
necessary, its in great accompt w* God, its profitable to
uthers, and its profitable to ourselvs. 2 marks of ane
unmeek spirit : He puts the worst construction on all things
he meets, and he is unseasonablie angrie, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on 1 John 3. 11, etc.

2 duties recomended in this part of cap. Love to the saints,
and faith in Jesus Christ, r. 1 1 . obs. that holy Christian
love is ane necessary dutie. v, 12. That its a dangerous
thing to hate upon a religious accompt ; sevcrall arg** pressing
love till V. 22, and how our love ought to be exercisetl.
V. 22. OBS. that disobedience to Gods comandmt in the least,
is such ane obstruction, as ask q* we will of him, we can

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 12 of 28)