Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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have no hope. v. 23. That to believe in Christ is ane old



comandmt, etc. Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 5.
Two more marks of ane unmeek spirit, implacableness, and
hatred of meekness in uthers. 3 wayes how to be repaired
of wronges from the happines. Obs. that the happiness of a
holy, meek Christian stands in this, that he shall inherit the
earth ; the way how this is made out to the meek man. 4
directions how to win this meeknes of spirit, etc. After
sermons I cam home w* my wifFe and family, and retired to
secret dutie, and then to familie exercise.

This was a toUerable good day to me.

A very seasonable day.

22, Munday, 6 a' cloak. — This morning, after I was readie
and had taken my breakfast, I took my horse and road along
with M"^ Alex^ Levingstoun to Pettynane, to hear the thanks-
giving sermons. Being come ther, I heard M^ Tho. Laurie
preach on Isai. 6. 5. In the words 4 things. The vision,
the title given to God, the effect of the vision, and the con-
clusion he layes doun. 5 considerans for clearing the text.

4 reasons why uncleannes of life is put for all maner of
pollution. Obs. 1, That the saints get glorious discoveries
of the maiestie of God. 5 ends why God discovers himself
to them. Obs. 2, That such as get discoveries of God hav a
high esteem of him. 3 things clear it. 5 marks of high
tho*^ of God. Obs. 3, That such as get glorious discoveries
of God, get humbling discoveries of themselvs. 3 considerans
to clear it : 7 things the saints see in God that humbles ym.

5 marks of their discoveries. Obs. 4, That such as see their
oune pollution, can only best see the pollution of vthers.
4 marks of seing our oune pollution. Obs. 5, That its cas-
able for the saints to tak discoveries of God for evill that are
for good, etc.

Therafter I heard M"^ Jo^ Hamilton preach on Psal. 116.
12. Obs. 1, That mercie rolls as it wer upon the godlie
mans hand. David a pattern in 4 things. Obs. 2, That the
treulie thankfull soule is so for the least mercie. 3" That
the godlie man is often overcome w* Gods love. 4 over-
coming considerans. 4° That the sensible soule will only be


thankfull. 5° That the trulie thankfull soule is most denyed
to put any price on anything it does to God. 6^ That its
difficult to be thankfull. S things mak it so. 7° That God
calls for something w* our hand for every benefit, etc.

After sermons I cam streight home w* M^ Alex'^ and then
retired myself to my book all the evening, and so went to
supper and familie dutie.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A louring day and some raine.

23 August, Twsday, 7 a^cloal-. — This morning, after I was
readie, I went a litle abroad to the fields, and coming in I
payed David my nighbour all I owed him for cowes grasse
and coalls and leading my peets. Therafter I took my break-
fast and went to Biggar kirk and heard M"^ Alex'^ Lev: preach
on Jude 11. In the text 3 dangerous instances of three
evills. Obs. That covetousnes is a dangerous and deadlie
ensnareing sin. 2 reasons why its called the root of all evill.
3 great evills in covetousnes, 1° its the rise of much ill ;
2° it maks folk storme at good counsall ; 3° it maks them
go over the bellie of all that is in their way to attein their
end. 3 great aggravations of Balaams sin, etc.

After sermon I went in to the Sessioun q'' we resaved some
penitents upon ther confession, and did appoint some to
speak for that money for paying for the schoole, etc. Ther-
after M'^ Alex^ Bertram ^ desired to speak w* me and told me
his brother was dead, much upon grieff and heartbreak for
his wifs cariage to him, but that his wiffe had now intro-
missions w^ all, and he desired not to medle becaus she might
conceall his brdrs estate, and defraud the children, for she
gives it out yt her husband is dead worse nor nothing. M'
Alex'^ also complained of Culterallers cariage to him in the
business submitted to S'^ Jon. Cheisly and me, and desired nie
to redresse it.

Therafter I cam home and dyned late. I rcsaued 19
})ecks of meal! from Symontoun, but I know not yet the price.

* He was then minister of Kilbucho ; evicted by Middleton's Parliament in



The rest of the afternoone I spent in the fields alone upon
my book.

This was no ill day, I blisse the Lord.

A very seasonable good day.

24, Wednesday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning, after I was
readie, I went about severall things in the hous that wer out
of order, and did put them in order. Therafter I went to
the feilds and saw the servants handle the hey, becaus it was
a good day, and did a little put myself in some exercise w*

Befor denner I cam home, and wrote ane letter to the Lady
Humbie, shewing that I had agreed w* Jo^ Calendar in her
name, and still pressing her to hasten as much as she could
to come home. I sent this letter to Ed^ w* Jo^ Calendar.

About 1 2 a'cloak I dyned w* my wifFe alone, and therafter
ther cam a bearer to me w* a letter from Humbie, shewing
me Ihat the child is in good health, blissed be the Lord, and
brought me also another letter from the Lady Humbie, dated
Aug. 10, at the Bath, wherin she shews me that she is in
good health, and that ther are no troubles neer that part of
the countrey, and that she has written to Keith and Michaell
for more money.

After this came to me M^ Tho. Laurie to advyse what he
should doe anent his transportaun to Lesmahago. I pro-
posed to him many discouragemts, and als many disuasives
from the thing, but it seemed to me that he was determined
to be a patient in the bussines, and he was much egged on
becaus he understood that Ant. Murray was like to be his
competitor in that bussines. So after some serious recom-
mendations of it to God we parted.

Therafter I went a whyle to my book, and then retired
myself to dutie, and so to family exercise.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A prettie good, warme day.

25 August, Thursday, 6-7 a'cloah. — This morning, after I
was readie, I went abroad to see my hey made readie to put
in a ruck. I did read the preface to the Dutch notes upon


the bible showing the occasioun of that translation of the
bible appointed by the Synod of Dort in anno 1618.

After I came in agane I took breakfast, and then went up
to Bigger to the presbrie. I met with M^ Alex'^ Lev., who
told me that he heard that the partie in Ingland risen under
S'^ Geo. Booth was defeated by Major genii. Lambert. I
resaved a letter from Major Learmonth, desiring M"^ Alex'
Lev. and me to meet w* him and his wife anent Jon. Brouns

About 11 a''cloak I went in to the presbrie, and heard M''
Alex'^ Pa then ^ have a common head in Latin, De cidtu diviiw,
which was prettie weell composed, but not weell delivered. He
is appointed to have the rest of his tryells this day eight

Thereafter we orderit Marioun Brouns bussines ; that ane
act should be read in the Church clearing the parties, and
fyling her of inventing the scandal 1. We subscryved a
recommendation for charitie to Thomas Geddes, etc., and so

Therafter I cam home and dyned w* my wiffe, and then
went and saw the servants put up y* ruck of hey I got out of
Skirling meadow. Then cam M'^ Ro* Broun and his wife,
and M'^ Jo^ Rae, and sat a whyle with me. I borrowed from
M'^ Ro*, M' Durhame on scandall, and did read on it till I
went to my retirement.

^ Alexander Peden the famous Covenanter. He was born at Auchincleuch,
in a cottage near Sorn Castle, in 1626. He attended the fourth class or the
last of the Philosophy in the University of Glasgow in 1648, and was then
named Peathin. After this he became precentor and schoolmaster and session-
clerk at Tarbolton, and perhaps subsequently at the newly erected parish of
Fenwick. He was settled as minister at New Luce, Presbytery of Stranraer,
in 1660, He was ejected in 1662 by Middleton's Parliament, and went wandering
preaching through the country until seized and sent to the Bass in 1 673, where
he was imprisoned for five years. He died in 1686 in the parish of Sorn, where
he was born, and was buried at the Gallows foot of Cumnock.

Mr. Peden exercised an extraordinary influence over the people, and was
believed to be possessed of prophetical powers. His Li/e and Prophecus was
until recently a favourite book among the Scottish peasantry.

It is interesting to know from the Diary the proceedings in his trial for licence
as a preacher of the Gospel. It may be remarked that Mr. Hay docs not appear
to have had a high opinion of his appearances before the presbytery.


This was a tollerable good day.
A very good, fair day.

26, Fry day, 7 hors. — This morning, after I was readie, I
took my breakfast, and therafter my wiffe and I went over to
Kersewall to see the Lady, becaus she is very shortlie to ly
in. When we cam ther we dyned w* the laird and the lady ;
and after dinner I did read the news from London, shewing
that S^ Geo. Booths partie in Cheshire was defeated by
Lambert, and that he himself was escaped, also that the
Inglish and Dutch fleet did aggrie very weel in the Zound,
that the 2 great ministers at Bayon had not yet mett : and
Waristoun wrote his commendations to me. As also that he
had obteined the favour of the parliat. That the toun of
Ed^ shall pay their assessment out of the excise of the aill
that comes into the toun.

I found also by the diurnall, that ther have been several 1
insurrections in Ingland now presently, but are all quashed,
viz. in Leicester, in Derby, and in Stafford. I find diverse
noblemen apprehended and imprisoned, viz. Earles of Oxfurd,
Falkland, Stamfurd, etc., also that ther is some appearance of
the kings of Sweeden and Denmark agreem*. Therafter I
took my leave of Kerswall, having promised to meet S'^ Jo^
to-morrow at Carmichael Kirk at sermon,

I cam home againe w* my wiffe about 5 a'cloak, and retired
myself to my preparation for the communion at Carmichaell,
and did also read a little whyle upon Samsons carts,^ to see
the places where the insurrection had been in Ingland.

Therafter I went about family dutie, and did read some
u})on M^ Durhams treatise on scandal 1, and therafter went
to bed.

This day was someq* raving in my tongue.

Fair before and raineing afternoone.

27 August, Saturday, 6 a'cloak. — This morning, after I
was readie, I took my breakfast, and therafter I took my
horse and went to the preparatioun sermons at Carmichaell

1 An atlas of charts or maps.


kirk. I heard M^ Rot. Broun, Jun., preach on Mala. 4. 2.
From the connexion obs. That its the Lords ordinary way
qn he threatens the wicked to comfort his oune people.
3 reasons of it, and uses to ministers and people. 3 rules
to direct ws to apply the word. In the text 2 things, a
precious promise, and the persones to whom. Obs. That the
truelie godlie are such as fear the Lord. 4 things imported
in the doctrine. 6 marks of the fearers of God. 5 motives,
to fear the Lord. Obs. 2. From the promise that all men
by nature, till Christ shine on ym., are in grosse darkness.
3*^ That Christ Jesus is the substance and marrow of all the
saints encouragment. 5 properties of the sun, qrby it re-
sembles Christ. 4 effects of the sun resembling Christ.

2 marks of this light, etc.

Therafter M"^ Alex. Levingston preached on Psal. 4. 3.
Obs. That qnever the Lord has mad soules godlie, he sets
them apart for himself. 5 ends why the Lord doeth this.
5 things mak up this intimacie betuixt God and his freinds.

3 ends why the Lord communicats himself. 4 sorts of
people reproved, the earthly mynded, the atheist, the hypo-
crite, and the slack Christian. 3 great ills marre fellowship
with God. 4 meditations for informan. 2 mistaks about this
comunion, and 3 distinctions to clear it. 3 wayes of tryell
befor, at, and after dutie, and marks of each way. 3 things
recommended for atteining it. 5 steps to be followed orderly
in atteining it. 3 marks of growing comunion w* God, etc.

After sermon S' Jon. Cheislie and I wer earnestly invited
to go to Cloburne,^ and so I went thither, and retired myself
to the feilds, and renewed my personall covenant w* God, and
had good allowance and presence from the Lord. At night
I cam in to the hous, and they caused me pray, and after that
to supper. I went about my weeklie search also, and con-
demned myself for rash and unadvysed speaking. The Lord
help it in tyme to come.

^ Clowburn is situated in the parish of Pettinain. John Weir was in 1649
served heir to his father in the lands of Clowburn and the mill. He was in the
same year appointed one of the committee of war for the county, and a commis*
sioner of supply in i66i. In the following year he was excluded from the Act
of Indemnity until he paid a fine of ;C^6oo.


This was a good day, blissed be God.
A prettie fair day.

28, The Lords day^ 5 a' cloak. — This morning being in
Cloburne, after I was readie, and had been long in the feilds
in secret, I went over to Carmichael kirk to the comunion.
I heard M^ Jo. Hamilton preach on Isai. 45. 22. The text
hath ane exhortan, and a promise. Obs. 1, That the offer of
life eternal and salvan, is made unto all the world qrever the
ghospell comes. 4 considerans to presse on ws the salvation
offered this day. Obs. 2^ That the way of salvaun is by
looking unto God through Christ. 3 things mak up the
dutie of looking. 3 things in Christ that are wanting in all
creatures. 4 things to ingadg our hearts to tak a broad
look of Christ. 6 things to be done qrby to get a sight of
Christ. 5 things we are saved from by looking on him.
Obs. 3 that the most hoples condlun in appearance may be
most hopfull in Gods dealing, etc.

After sermon the action was begun, and I did communicat
at the 2^ table served be M'^ Jo. Hamiltoun, covenanting as

1 did yesternight renew my personall covt. in the Lords
strenth to endeavour the fear of the Lord, and to have
comunion wt him in all my thots, words, and actions, especi-
ally in my comunicaon, and the Lord allowed me much heart
melting, for which I blisse his name.

In the afternoone I heard M^ W°^ Somervell preach on
Rev. 3. 4. The text hath 2 things, a dutie and 2 argu-
ments. Obs. 1, That er it be long the Lord will rent the
cloudes and come back againe as he went away. Obs. 2,
That qn we are lik to faint, the expectan of Christs 2*^ coming
should hold up our hearts. 2 incouragments from it. Obs. 3,
That when a people resaves the gospell the Lord requires that
they maintein this truth against all opposi°un. 2 reasons for
it. 3 consideraons for holding fast the truth of the ghospell.

2 things weaken our hands about truth. It is to be found
in the Scripture, and in our Confession of faith. Truth is
not tint becaus of our differences ; use of reproofe to 2 sorts.
Obs. 4, That any of the people of God that have com to any
atteinments in grace, they must put ymselvs to the utmost


to preserv qt they have gotten. 3 marks of getting good
by ordinances. 6 directions for keeping it, etc.

After sermons I cam home on foote to Cloburne, and
retired myself till supper tyme. I found my spirit somqt
weary, yet the Lord was kind to me in this dayes work, for
which I blisse his name w* all my heart.

A seasonable fair day.

29 August^ Monday, 5 a'cloak. — This morning being in
Cloburn, after I was readie, having been in the feilds neer 3
hors, I cam in to breakfast, and therafter went over to Car-
michael to sermons. I heard M'^ W°^ Brown^ preach on Prov.
4. 23. From the context obs. 1, That ther is no sanctifica-
tion till the wo;rd be resaved. 2® That sanctificaon neces-
sarly followes upon closeing wt the word. S^ That sancti-
fican begins in the heart. 3 questions from the text. Obs. 1,
That the keeping of the heart is the Christians maine busi-
ness. 7 reasons of it ; 6 motives to it. Obs. 2, That the
keeping of the heart is a very hard task. 3 grounds and five
reasones of the point. 3 advantages by knowing this. Obs. 3,
That much paines must be taken in keeping the heart. 3
things have influence on heart loosenes. 5 things to be fre-
(juently enquired for in keeping the heart, etc.

Therafter I heard M"^ W^ Jack ^ preach on Matt. 11. 29.
Obs. That such as expect any good of Jesus Christ must put
on the yoak of his service. What this yoak is in three things.
5 reasones why thes things are called yoaks. 4 things im-
ported in ' taking on ' his yoak. 7 reasones of the doctrine.
5 reasones why Christs yoak is so easie to belivers. 3 con-
siderans pressing ws to tak vpon ws Christs yoak, etc.

After sermones I was desired to go doun to the ministers
hous and dyned ther wt severall brethren, wher among uther
things we had some discourses concerning the present powers,
and the danger that religion was in. After denner I spoke

' Mr, William Brown, admitted minister of Linlithgow, second charge, and
called to the parish of Carnwath ; deprived in 1662.

- Mr. William Jack was inducted as minister of Carluke jn 1650. lie was
deprived of his benefice in 1663, and died at Lanark in 1669.


wt Ja. Hamilton and Alex'^ Forrest anent my infeftment, and
so I took leave and cam away home wt my sister Jonet and
her husband. M'^ Jo^ M'Kersie cam wt me all night. After
retirement we supped together and he did dutie for me in the

This was a good day to my soule.

A pretty fair, louring day.

30, Twysday^ 8 cCcloak. — This morning, after I was readie,
M*" Jo^ M'Kersie and I did breakfast together, and therafter
I went to Bigger and heard M^ Alex^ Levingston preach on
Jude 11. In the text 3 instances of wicked men, Cain,
Balaam, and Coreh ; from the last obs. that pryd and ambi-
tion is the forrunner of a dangerous fall. 3 conclusions
drawen from the poynt. v.\9j analysed and cleared. Obs.
that sinfull abusers of their libertie are but abusers of Chris-
tians society, and spots in their fellowship. Cleared from
Scripture danger, from Satans temptatiouns in all societies.
Use of exhortatioun, etc. After sermon I went in to the
sessioun, wher we read and concluded the act for vindicat-
ing Marg* Steel and charging Marioun Broune w* scandall,
and appointed it to be read publicklie on sabbath nixt in
the church. Therafter I cam doun and dyned w* my wife.
M^ Jo^ Greg cam to me after denner, and told me M'^ Stir-
ling had shewn him Waristouns letter how S^ Geo. Booths
party was defeat at a bridg neer Norfolk, and that they
offered to parley, but wold not lay doun ther armes ; also
that intelligence was come to London y* the king was landed
in Northfolk, w* out any forces but his oune traine.

M'' Jo'^ Greg stayed w* me till it was neer night, and told
me also that M^ Andrew Oswald was to buy Skirling fra Ro*
Murray, and sell it all together to S^ Dan Carmichael.
After he was gone I retired myself and therafter went about
familie dutie, and so to supper.

This was a tollerable good day.

A rainie, warm day.

31 August, Wednesday, 7 a'cloa.k. — This morning, after I


was readie, I did read all the forenone upon that excellent
peece on Scandal written be M^ Durham e, and did read out
the first part of it conteening the nature of scandall, w* the
severall sorts of it, and the variety of ways q^by it is given
and taken, w* some grounds to mak Christians loth and wary
to give and take it, and qrin also many intricat cases are
cleared, all holding furth a very excellent directory for Chris-
tians walking one toward anoy^.

I dyned alone w* my wife and was not very weell in my
health. After denner I wrote ane letter to the lady Humbie
at the Bath, qrin I desired her to acquaint her father to
come off* upon y* plank ^ of ther setting up tolleratioun in

About 4 a'cloak at night I went up to Bigger and delivered
my letter, and therafter I went up to M^ Alex', and he came
and convoyed me homeward, and told me that he and the
heritors wer aggreed about his manse to giv him 1000 libs.,
and that they had entered him in payment. He told me
also that he had ane mind to be rid of Geo. Wilson, but
becaus of the people he wold be very clear in his sentence.

After I cam home I found my neghbour had beaten his
wiffe, and I had aneugh ado to reconcile them againe. Ther-
after I retired myself to my chamber, and did read a whyle,
and then to familie exercise.

This was a tollerable good day.

A ranie, warme day.

1 Septemb^, Thursday, 7 a cloak. — This morning after I was
readie and had taken my breakfast, I went to Bigger to the
presbrie. I heard M"^ llo* Broun, Quothquan, on Acts 5. 21.
In the text 3 things. The apostles care, the adversaries
diligence, and the 1 act of their court. 3 things important
in the occasion of their obedience. 3 things in the obedience
itself. 4 reasons of the apostles obedience to the angell.
3 reasons why they used this legall way of procedure, etc.

M"^ Archbald Porteous added ous. 1, That the message

^ It has been supposed that this term is of modern origin, and probably
borrowed from America. It is interesting to find it used over two hundred
years ago, and in Scotland.

124 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [i sept.

and messengers of the ghospell have still been lyable to the
hatred of the wicked. 3 reasons of it. Obs. 2, That though
men imprison and persecut, yet its God that delivers. 4
reasons of it. Obs. 3, That God delivers his freinds out of
their straits. 3 uses of it. Obs. 4% That men in office and
in power seldom prov freinds to Christ or his cause, etc.

After sermon I went in to the presbrie, q^ we appointed
the Lady Drumlanrig^ to be cited to the first Thursday of
October. We heard M^ Alex'^ Pethanes disputes and his
chronologie question, and tryells in the tongues. Therafter
we appointed him the exercise against this day 20 dayes.
We appointed a fast in all the congregans of the presbrie
becaus of the rainie weather, etc.

Therafter I cam home and dyned not w* the brethren, it
being 4 a'cloak. I retired myself till night in my chamber.
This day I heard that M^ Baxter and some uther ministers
should be put in the Tower, which I hardlie believe.

This was a tollerable good day.

Fair befor, and very foule afternoone.

2, Fryday, 7 cCcloak. — This morning after I was ready and
had taken my breakfast, I went to the correspondent meeting
betwixt the presbries of Lanerick and Bigger at Libertoun,
where I mett w* S^ Jo° and some brethren, and we spent the
day in prayer and conference till 4 a'cloak at nyt, and ther-
after appointed Tuysday come 8 dayes to meet nixt:

When S^ Jo^ and I was apart he gave me 3 of Waristouns
letters to read, dated August 21, 23, and 25, wherin I find
ane wofull clause to be inserted in the Act of Union for
toleraun^ in Scotland against which Waristoun hath given in
reasons which stumbles them. I find that S'' Geo. Booth is

^ In other places in the Diary named Lady Queensberry, a daughter of the
Earl of Traquair, who was suspected of Roman Catholic leanings, and for which
the Kirk was dealing with her.

2 The Presbyterian ministers who winced under any oppression of themselves
could not give toleration to others. They acted on the principle that they alone
were right, and that all others who differed from them in religious views were
wrong. They viewed toleration with horror. The Presbytery of Auchterarder,
notorious in after times, at this time raised their petition and testimony against
the petition for toleration.


taken prisoner neer London in womans habit and sent to the
tower. S^ Hen. Vain and S'' Arthur Hasilrig are sent to
examine him. That his partie is whollie defeat. That the
king is not landed. That ane ambassador from him to Bayon
called Bennet is not resaved. That the Lady Humbie is
coming to London pntlie, and that one worth 1000 lib. ster^
p. annum hath mad sute for Kath. Jonstoun,^ etc.

After we pairted I cam home alone, haveing sent my man
to Lanerick to Alex^ Forrest that he may infeft me in Threip-
wood. I called at the ministers in Bigger, q^ I found his
daughter very sick. Therafter I came home and found my
own daughter Mary very sick also. Lord, help her.

This was a tollerable good day.

A rainie day and cold.

3, Saturnday, 7 cCdoak. — This morning after I was ready I
resaved a letter from the Lady Humbie, dated Bath, August 22,
which troubled me very much. She sayes some have written

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 13 of 28)