Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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to her from Ed'^ that all her bussines is going wrong, and do
blame her exceedinglie, which I never heard of nor imagined,
and thinks ym tatlers hav writen to her. Therafter I did
read upon Durhams Treatise of Scandall, and did outred the
2d pt. of the treating of scandall as it is publick and falleth
meer ecclesiastick censure, wherein are manie excellent overtures
for the wise and right exercise of church discipline. Vizt.,
that the saving grace of repentance is not to be enquired into,
as the alone ground upon which church officers are to rest
for removing ane offence, etc.

I dyned alone w* my wiffe, and therafter went out to see
my nighbors first dayes shearing. Then cam doun W™
Crightoun and Ro* Broun to ask advyce anent John Steven-
sones widow, whether she might intromet w* the crop, seeing
debita excedunt bona, etc.

Towards night I retired myself to my weeklie search, and
found the Lord had been very tender toward me through this
week, and had keepeil me out of many temptatiouns and given
me grace at least to mynd my vowes, for which I blisse his

^ Catherine Johnston, probably a sister of Lady Humbie.

126 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [3 sept.

name with all my soule, and desires to be faithfull in my
after walk in his strenth.

I resaved ane letter to come to the buriall of old Ro*
Hamiltoun in Easton of Dunsyre to-morrow.^ At nyt I went
about familie dutie.

This was a tollerable good day.

Ane east wind, but faire.

4 SeptemJf^ The Lords day, 7 liors. — This morning after
I was readie and familie dutie, I went to Bigger kirk and
heard M"^ Alex'" Lev. lecture on Lev. 6. 1, qrin are divers
lawes anent sacrifices, v. 2. obs. That we should never look
lower on sin then reaching God and makeing him a partie.
3 things to be consulted in looking upon sin. Obs. That
albeit some judg meanly of sin, yet the smallest sines are
great in Gods accompt. v. 3. That men yt sine ymselvs in
the least sin are under the judgment of God. v. 4. That God
is slow to anger and readie to forgive in taking ane offering
for sin. 3 observans from the fire continually burning on
the altar, etc.

Therafterhe preached on Matthew 5. 6. Obs. 1, That its
a blissed thing to hunger and thirst after righteousnes. 4
means to direct ws to attein this spirituall hunger. 4 ques-
tions ansured from the doctrine. Obs. 2, That such as
hunger and thrist after righteousnes they shall be blissed.
5 reasons of the point ; its Gods oune work, he promiseth to
encourage folk in it, he gives sutable satisfaction, it is the
experience of the saints, and they are made temples of the
Holy Ghost, etc.

In the afternoone I heard him lecture on 1 John 4. 7, qrin
is a great duty to love one another pressed w* many agrts.
The difficultie of the dutie both in choosing the object, and
in the maner. The argts. are, 1°, God is the author of love.
2°, its a mark of regeneration. 3°, its a token yow know God.

^ From this and the entry on 25th of same month it appears that burials on
Sunday were then common. It is strange to contrast this liberality of opinion
in the most flourishing time of the Covenant with the stricter notions which
until recently prevailed in Church Courts as to the sinfulness of desecrating the
Sunday by funerals on that day.


4^, becaus God loved ws in giving his Sone to death for ws.
V. 14. oBs. That your reading will doe yow no good except
it be confirmed by experience, v. 16. That the way to clear
our union w* God is to love him and his saints, etc.

Therafter he preached on Matthew 5. 6, 7. Some more
reasons why they are blest that hunger and thrist after
righteousnes. Obs. 3, That such as hunger and thrist after
righteousnes cannot be but in a blissed condition. 4 reasons
of the point from v. 7. Obs. That its a blissed thing to be
mercifull proven in a 3-fold instance, mercie sets on both the
outward and the inward man and all the faculties of the one
and members of the uther are exercised yrin, etc.

After sermons I cam home, and after secret dutie I did this
night begin the explanaon of the Catechisme, beginning at the
lesser befor the familie, and went through two questiones.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A foule, rainie day.

5, Munday, 7 a" cloak. — This morning after I was readie I
did read a little upon Durhams Treatise of Scandall, and then
did breakfast. Therafter Hartrie cam to me, and desired some
money for Threipwood. I made him ane accompt how all
matters stood, and offered him his proportion of q* I had re-
saved, but he said he wold stay till I got more.

About 11 a'cloak I went to Skirling according to the
presbries appointment to stent ^ the parish for a schoole, but
becaus of the fair that took up folk, I could not get a com-
petent number of men to be stentours,^ and so I was forced to
leave the bussines undone. I mett w* Dolphintoun and M^ Jo.
Rae at M"^ Jo. Gregs hous, qr I stayed above 2 houres, and
dyned and did eat some fruit, and therafter I cam home w^
my some.

After I cam home M' Ro* Broun cam to me and told me
of his goodbrother Humprhey Calhoun, that it was not weel w*
him, being so long abroad, and haveing sent home to arrest
all his oune goodes. Therafter I desii-ed him to pay the

^ Stents assess. Stentour8= assessors.


Lady Kerswell her goune^ for Quodqn Land, which he had
promised to her, but he took it not weel, yet he promised to
doe it, and w*all offered to sell the land for 7000 merkes,
and I promised to speak to M^ Arch<i Porteous for that
effect. And so he went away home.

After he was gone I retired myself, and did write ane sharp
letter to the Lady Humby, in ansr. of hers to me. And so
to dutie.

This was a prettie raving day.

A most fearfull, constant raine all day.

6 Sepf, Twysday, 7 cCclodk. — This morning after I was
readie I went to Bigger, and sent away ane letter to the Lady
Humbie to be delivered at the posthous. Therafter I went to
M"^ Alex'^ Levingstons hous, and saw his daughter recovered, and
spok a little to himself anent our tryst w* Major Lermonth
and Jon. Broun in Hills ; and so I cam away doune againe.

About 11 a'cloak M'^ Jo^ Rae and his wifF cam home and
stayed and dyned w* ws. I lent him M'^ Baxters Infant
Baptisme against M^ Tombs. After denner Major Lermonth
cam doun to me, and told me all parties wer waiting on me
at Bigger. So I went up w* him, and found the Major and
his wiffe and the Laird of Anstoun and Jo^ Broun. I took
all the paines I could to reconcile them after hearing differ-
ences on both syds. At length, through the Lords providence,
they wer aggreed thus ; that Jo'^ Broun should caray away
his beer crop, leaving teynd and 3^, and that he should teill
als much fauch land^ betuixt and the 1 of March as James
Litell had done under the paine of 20 lib., and Anstoun to
be cautioner, and each of them to discharge another of their
tack respective. Therafter I parted w* them, and cam home
about 6 at nyt.

I walked out aboutt sunsett, and did read some on the 3
part of Durham s treatise on Scandall concerning doctrinall

1 The reference to Lady Kerswall's gown for Quodquan land seems to refer
to a perquisite payable out of Mr. Robert Brown's estate of Knockmerloch to
the wife of Sir John Chieslie, who was probably a relative.

2 Fallow ground which had been suffered to lie after being ploughed without
a crop. — ^Jamieson's Dictionary.

1 659] A FAST FOR RAIN 129

errours. Therafter I cam in and retired myself to dutie,
secret and familie ;

And found this a good, successful day.

A warme, louring, closse day.

7, Wednesday, 7 cCcloalc. — This morning after I was ready
and had gone about family duty, I went to Bigger to the fast
for the rainie weather, and heard M^ Alex Levingstone
lecture on Hag. 1.5, etc. In the words, 4 things, a challange,
some evidences of Gods displeasur, a counsell, and the peoples
obedience. 3 things imported, v. 4 ous. that nothing angers
God more in judgment tymes then qn sinners busie them-
selvs altogether wt their oune things, v. 6 obs. That God
loves weel to see sinners attributing soveraignity to him.
V. 10. That whilst sinners continue in sin, God will continue
in inflicting judgment ; from the counsell obs. That serious
examination of our wayes, is a dutie God requires of ws.
2° That folk can have no hope of outget nor of acceptance,
till they consider their wayes. 5 incouragments from it, etc.

Therafter I heard M'' Jo" Hamiltoun preach on Revel. 6. 7.
In the vision 3 things, Johns taking, the signe, and the inter-
pretation of it. Obs. 1, That ther is much wrath layed up
in store for a wicked world. 2° That in Gods way of pour-
ing out his wrath, the last judgment is aye the worst. 4
reasons of it. Obs. 3, that sometymes the Lord in his
righteous judgment plagues a people wt scarcitie of outward
things. 4 instruments the Lord maks use of in this. 6
sinfull causes in ws whyle the Lord does it. 3 things niak
famine weightie. 3 directions, etc.

Afternoone M*" Jo" Hamiltoun lectured on Revel. 6. 8 and
9. Thrie more causes of famine. Obs. 1, that with many
hell folloueth after death. 9P That not only hell but death
is the wicked man's enemy. 3^ That the wicked man is in
the pouer of death. 4° That God hath absolute pouer in his
hand, and giving over to death non can deliver out of his
hand. 3 things import judgment coming on, unconcernednes,
despising of ordinances, and deep securitie, etc.

Therafter I heard M' Alex^ Levingston jirench on 2 Chron.
82. 24-25. In the text 3 Hezekiah's sicknes, his cure, and his


130 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [7 sept.

cariage. Obs. 1, that ordinarly the godly meet wt the same
calamity, as the wicked meet with. 5 reasons of it. Obs. 2,
that prayer is an ordinarie mean blissed of God to his freinds
in their affliction. 3° That the Christian ought carefullie to
mark returns of prayer. 4^ That the Lord is easie to be
entreated. Obs. 5, That its a rebuk our tryst ing in thes
that pray to God and get ane answer to abuse their mercie,

After sermons I cam home, and went to dutie secret and

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A fair, seasonable day.

8 Sepf, Thursday 7 a cloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I took breakfast and went to Bigger and spok to M''
Al. Lev. anent the poor woman Jo^ Stevensons wife and
thought it best to sheer the corne for interteining her familie.
Afterward I went to Culter for divyding the common, wher I
found M^ Pet. Kid. I stayed a whyle in M^ Antonys hous,
then I went and saw the bridge, and found two faults in it,
and so I cam in to Culterallers hous, wher I stayed a long
tyme waiting upon S'^ Jo^ Cheislie, and conferring about the
comon. Culterallers is content that Birthwood have his pro-
portion according to the valuaun. About 12 hors I dyned
w* Culterallers, etc.

After denner M^ Ro* Broun and M^ Tho. Laurie cam in to
ws. I conferred a whyle with M^ Tho. anent his transpor-
tatioun to Lesmehago. Therafter I took leave of all the
company ; becaus S^ Jo^ neither cam nor sent, we thought his
lady was travelling. I spok wt M^ Alex'^ Bertram, who
desired me to see a paper in Helen Mitchell's hand, which I
saw, viz., a band of 1000 lib. scots be old good wife of Nisbit
to W°^ Bertram, and failing him to his sone Jo^, and for
security thereof a disposition of her wholl moveables at her
death. It is dated Octob. 1653. It bears anual rent.
It is subscryved be 2 noters, Jo^ Craig and Ja. Inglis,
and Helen Mitchells bairns are witnesses. She protested
she would not shew it to all her kin. About 5 at night
I cam away from Culter, and M'^ Tho. Laurie cam home


w* me and stayed all night. By the way we spok with
M' Alex'' Lev. anent M"^ Tho. his bussines, and then cam
home. M'^ Tho. lectured in the familie.

This day was someq* raving to me.

A great raine, and east wind.

9, Fryday, 8 cCcloak. — This morning M'^ Thomas Laurie
went away from me betymes, and borrowed from me M'^ Gee
upon prayer. After I was readie, I wrote ane letter to
Alexander Forrest in ansr. to his to me, for expeding my
chartor, and infeftment of the lands of Threipwood.

After breakfast I took my square and compasses and drew
a draught of the white comon of Culter, and found it to be
of circuit 325 strings, each string being 24 elns, also 119
strings of diameter in length, and 81 strings of diameter in
breadth, and having found out the quadrature of the oval
circle, I did cast it in aikers, and found ther was in it 196
aikers, 3 qrters. Then I divyded it according to the pound
land, and according to 28 lib. land ilk 20 sh. land gets 7
aikers, and according to 900 lib. of valuaun, ilk 100 lib. of
valuan gets 21 aikers and a 3^ part, and so proportionablie.

I dyned late w* my wiffe only, the foule day having stayed
me from going to Ed'^ and Humbie. In the afternoone I
went to my book a whyl, and did read upon Durhams treatise
of Scandall, 3^ pt, concerning that question, whether it be
always necessary to dispute with thes that mainteine errors,
and how to manage that disput, and what is convinceing, etc.

Therafter toward night I retired myself to my secret dutie,
and then to familie exercise. Then I did read a storie out of
Reynolds of Gods Revenge against Murther, of three sisters
who lived in Florence ; and each of them killed another, and
the youngest Amarantha was hanged for it.

This was a tollerable good day.

East wind and raine all day.

10 Septr, Satuniday^ 7-8 a'cloak. — This morning after I
was readie and had gotten my breakfast, I went to Bigger, and
sent my letter to Alex' Fon-est in Lanerick and my draught of
Culter coiTioun to Cultcrallcrs. I spok also to M' Alex*" Lev.,


who told me he was to meet w* M'^ Sam Austin and M'^ Alex^
Strong at Craufurd kirk, about my lady Queensberrye's bussines.

After I cam home I did read upon Durhams treatise of
Scandall, and ended the S^^ part therof, qrin he doth excel-
lentlie hold furth the dutie of ministers and magistrats and
of privat christians in the case of toleration of errors, and
how dangerous a thing it is to suffer error or the promoters
thereof, also how Christians are to cary toward such as are

I sent my man over this day to Kersewell to know how
the lady is who met w* S^ Jo^, and from him told me the
lady was weell yet, and that S'' Geo. Booth had discovered a
great many noblemen and gentlemen yt were accessorie to the
late insurrection in Ingland, all which are ordered to be appre-
hended and imprisoned. He told me also that Michael
Melvin was dead and buryed, and had left almost all he had
to M'^ Alex'^ Foulis.

I dyned w* my wifFe and children, and afternoone I walked
with my sone to Skirling, and bought two hey rucks of four
fadom apeece for 4 lib. 40d. a peece. Toward night I went
about my weeklie search, and found that the Lord has been
very kind and merciful unto me in restraining much my pre-
dominants, and yet my heart hes vaiged^ much. I found I
was very earnest w* the Lord for the , but I fear much

that I have limited the Lord.

This was both a tollerable good day and week.

A very seasonable harvest day.

11, The Lords Day, 7 cC cloak. — This morning after I was
readie and had done familie dutie, I went to Bigger kirk and
heard IVP Alex^ Lev. lecture on Ezek. 22. 1 till 15. In the
words 4 things, the prophets commission, the causes of the
controversy, Gods dislyk therof, and the people's pledges from
the enumeraon of the sins. Obs. That Gods way of dealing
w* sinners in all ages is not unlyk \ v. ^. that as people have
their tymes of sin, so God has his tyme of judgmt ; v. 4. that
remarkable sines meet w* remarkable judgmts; v. 6. That

1 To wander, to roam, especially as denoting idle wandering. — ^Jamieson's
Dictionary .


qn people becom unthankful to God, he gives them up to be
unnaturall one to another; <y 11. That folk think they are
saffe from judgmt, qn their sines are committed in secret ;
V. 14. That the stoutest sinners must stoup qn God deals w*
them, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 7. Obs. That merci-
fullnes is a necessary Christian dutie. 3 rules according to
which mercie is to be squared. The misery of merciles men
held furth. 3 directions for helping ws to becom merciful],
love mercy, put on mercy and exercise mercie. 8 objections
against exerciseing of mercie, all answered from the 11 cap.
of Eccles., etc.

Afternoone I heard him lecture on 1 John 5. 1-6. In the
words 2 things, some evidences of our interest, and a descrip-
tion of Christ. 4 marks of regeneratioun from v. 1,2, and 3.
Obs. 1, That faith is no easie work. 5 marks of reall love to
God. V. 2. That love to God clears our love to men, and
our love to them clears our love to him. v. 4. That such as
are born of God must lay their accompt to wadge a warfare.
2 grounds of the Christians overcoming the world by faith, etc.

Therafter he preached on Matthew 5. 7. Two further
objections against mercifulness ansred. Obs. That whoever
shall be mercifull upon this accompt, shall find mercy. 2
reasons of it ; some instances of God equal dealing w* men.
Obs. 3, That its a blissed thing in Gods accompt to be
mercifull. The reasons of it. 6 consideraons to help ws to
prise mercy more. A conclusion to imitat Christian merci-
fulnes, etc.

Therafter I cam home w* my wife and retired myself to
dutie in secret, and then to familie exercise.

This was a prettie good day, I blisse the Lord.

A very cold day, but faire and east wind.

12 SepV', Munday^ 6-7 d'cloak. — This morning after I was
ready, Culterallers cam to me, and told me he had been w*
Sir Jo^ Ch: upon Saturnday, and I mended some things in
the draught of Culter coiTion which I had sent to him, viz.,
The valuan to 1100 merks, and the pound land to 30 lib.
12 sh. land that had interest in that comoun.

134^ ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [12 sept

After he was gone I went to duty in the family and then
to breakfast, and so I made myself ready to go to Humbie to
see the child according to the trust comited to me be the
Lady. I resolved to go to Ed^ this nyt, and by the way I
called at Dolphintoun, and did speak a litle w* the laird, and
therafter I rode all the way alone to Ed^, and found y* the
late raines had done great harme, and hollowed all the high-
way es and broken almost all the mill dames in the countrey.

I cam to Ed^ about 4 a'cloak, and then went up to my
sisters hous, and from thence went to the streets and found
M'^^ Brand, who told me my Lord and Lady Waristons were
very sad and heavie : I found great reproches casten upon
them and their daughter by the wicked people. I met w*
M'^ W°^ Calderwood, who told me he was to be ordeined upon
Thursday come 8 dayes, and yt the old Lady Humbie had
suffered great harme by the late raines. I went and visited
the Lady Jerviswood, and so went home to supper in my
sister's, and to bed.

This day my heart was unfixed.

A prettie good harvest day.

13, Tioysday, 7 a cloak. — This morning being in Ed^ after
I was ready, I went to the shops to buy a sute of ryding
cloaths to my wiffe, and found hairturk at 5 merks the elne,
which I ordered my sister to tak off to her. I spok w* Pat
Murray, who is still unsatisfyed w* my brother, and desired
me to get in the rest of the rents of Deuchar against Mertimes.
I spok w* S^ Jo^ Baird, and therafter Ja. Dicksone cam to
ask my advyc anent his sone Alex., which I gave him.

I went to the stationers and bought M^ Durham on
Scandall for 30 sh. and M^ Gee upon Magistracie for 36 sh.
I went doun to M'' Stirlings ^ and did read Waristouns letters
wherin I find a demurr in the Act of Union, the hous being
devyded about the clause of toleraun ; also that ther are
great fears that we shall not have ane sessioun to sit doun
against Mertimes.

^ Mr. Stirling was one of the ministers of Edinburgh, and, as shown by the
Diary, kept up a correspondence with Waristoun.


I wrote ane letter to the lady Humbie, still desiring her to
hasten home, and to send word to me yt I may meet her on
the way.

About 3 a'cloak I went to my horse, and so rode to
Humbie, but found the waters and wayes so broken w* the
late storm, as no man ever saw it in his life.

I cam to Humbie after sunsett and saw the child very
weel, blissed be the Lord, and learned yt by this tyme the
Lady Humbie was come to London.

I went about family exercise, and so retired.

This day was full of temptauns and sad.

A faire, seasonable day.

14 Sepf, Wednesday, 7 cCcloak. — This morning, being in
Humbie, after I was readie and had read a litle, I went to
breakfast, and then M^ W™ and I went doun to Keith to see
the Laird becaus I heard he had gotten such another letter
as myne from the Lady Humbie. After I met w* him I did
comunicat my letter to him, fearing yt he did suspect me of
writing to the lady to his prejudice, but he was weel pleased
qn he saw my letter ; so he shew me 2 letters he had gotten
fra the lady Humbie since she went, and his 2 answers to
them, the copies qrof he keepit by him qrby he perceived he
is offended y* the lady did not comunicat to him w* whom
she left her papers, and to whom she gave a factorie at her
departure. He spok some big words against the lady befor
M' Wm j^j^(j jj^g^ which I took notice of.

Therafter we went to denner w* him and his lady, and he
shew me how much my Lord Tweddal did recent the differ-
ence of these controverted merches betuixt him and Crightoun,
and yt it were fit to remove it.

About 4 a''cloak I cam up againe to Humbie and went to
my chamber and did read a whyle upon Baxters holy common-
wealth ; upon that passage of Romans 18. 3, etc., and so I
went to familie exercise.

I find the late raine had filled all the low rounies of
Humbie so as they brok the wall.

This day was full of temptfins and my heart was not streight.

A fair day for the most pt.


15, Thursday, 7 d cloak. — This morning, being in Humbie,
after I was readie Alx^ Borthvvick came to me, and made me
ane accompt of some of the ladys affairs entrusted to him, and
craved my advice. I desired to tak band of John Gilchryst
in High Lyes for his byganes, payable at Mertimes, and to
arrest his corns becaus he hes eneugh to pay ; and is ane ill
payer. He told me yt he knew no bussines of the ladys
going wrong, though she wrote vtherwyse. Therafter I went
to the study, and did read awhyle till denner time. After
denner I sent M'^ W°^ Thomsone doun to M^ John Sinclar
w* a letter and 6 peeces of write relating to M'^ Gedeon
Penman, and a desire to send me his advyce for my learning
the Hebrew. I sent him also my brasse instrument, yt I got
fra the lady Humbie. He sent me his advice in my Hebrew
in a letter, and sent me the Hebrew conjugaisions written w*
his oun hand, written in 4 sheets of paper.

Therafter I retired myself to the study, and did read all
my Lord Humbles negocian in Sep. 1648 betuixt the party
at Stirling and the westland men, also I did read that plott
against Hamiltoun and Argyle discovered by Captain W°^
Stewart in Octob. 1640, and all the prinll. depositions taken
thereanent; therafter I went to supper and so to my chamber,
where I found myself someqt unweell, yet the Lord had dealt
kindlie w* me and I could not complean, only I was defective
in my dutie.

A very seasonable day and the wind west.

16 Sept^, Fry day, 7 a^ cloak. — This morning, being in
Humbie, after I was ready Alex'" Borthuick cam to me q^
to advise anent the teind of the roumes about Humbie. I
advised him to set them for boll and fother, payable to the
lady, becaus she will stand in need both of corne and stra.
Therafter I wrote a letter to the Lady Humbie, shewing her
the necessity of her hasting home, and telling her someq* of
my meeting w* the laird of Keith, and the conveniency of my
meeting w* her upon the way.

About ten o''clock I took my breakfast, and therafter I
desired M^^ Gray to have still a care of the child, and to send
me word of any newes that comes from the lady ; and so I


took my leave of them, and cam home to the Stone about 6
at nyt.

This day I did read the particular transaction in write
at London betuixt the king and or commissioners, viz. :
Dunfermling, Lowden, Shirref, Tweddale, etc., in anno 1642,
after Traquairs parlia*, and the particular discourses betuixt
Loudoun and the bishop Laud, Marquis Hamilton, and
Traqu^j and the part reflecxions among them, \v* all the

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 14 of 28)