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Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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M'^ Jo^ Humes hous ; therafter M^ Rob* Broun, M^ W"^
Broun, and I cam to Lanerick at 6 hours, and found Green-
head lodged at Mary Maxwells hous, w* whom we lay in one
chamber, and he and I lay together. After supper we talked
long, and then went to bed after prayer.

This was no ill day I blisse the Lord.

A very windie and rainie afternoone.

30 Septr., Fryday^ 6 a' cloak. — This morning being in
Lanerick, after I was readie, Greenhead and we talked a long
tyme together. He was going to the Synod of Glasgow to



i659] LEGACY TO BIGGAR KIRK 149

get M^ Patrick Colvin transported to the kirk of Kelso.
Alex'" Forrest ^ cam to me and delivered unto me ane chartor
of the lands of Threipwood, subscrybed be my lady Dutchesse,
and ane seasing given to me therupon, both in parchment,
and the seasing registrat ; for his paines and registratioun he
wold tak no money from me upon no termes.

Therafter I went to breakfast w* the rest, and trulie I
found M'^ W™ broun very judicious, and I was very weel
pleased with my conference w* him, having never been so
much w* him before. About 10 a'cloak I took my leav of
Greenhead, who is still kind to me as he was wont to be.
He tells me that it will be much for the advantage of the
Gospell in the south that this mariage w* the Countesse of
Buccleugh and Highchesters sone is caryed through.^

About 11 a'cloak M^ Ro* Broun and I cam away from
Lanerick in a very steep raine, and wer forced to com be all
the boats, so I left M'^ Ro* at Thankertoun rack, and cam
home and found my children and family weell, blissed be the
Lord. I did read a litle upon Clerks lives : The lives of
Beza, Jon. Husse, and Jerome of Prague, who were both
brunt at the Councell of Constance for some doctrine, by the
papists, after which the Bohemians arose in warre 30 yeirs
against the Empr. Sigismond under Zisca.

About night I retired myself, and went to dutie.

This was a tollerable good day to me, rainie most p* all day.

1 October, Sattirnday, 7 cCclodk. — This morning after I was
ready I went to Bigger and spok to M"^ Alex', who told me
that he had got a letter from Jo^ Kello, shewing that the
legacie of 300 mks. left to Bigger Kirk was for the upholding
and interteinment of the kirk without consent of the E. of
Wigtoun, so y* we may dispose upon the anualls therof ad
pios ususy we uj)holding the fabrick of the kirk.



* Alexander Forrest appears to have been a writer and notary public in Lanark,
and agent for the Duchess of Hamilton. The context shows that he was also
the Keeper of the Particular Register of Sasines.

^ This refers to the marriage of the Countess of Buccleugh with her first
husband, the son of Scot of Highchesters. Their married life was short, and
she afterwards became the wife of the unfortunate Duke of Monmouth.



150 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [i OCT.

About 10 hors M*^ W^ Thomsone cam to me from
Humby, shewing me that the old Lady Humbie was to set
her teynd corn in Humbie yaird, and that Adam had sent up
horses to the grasse ah^eady, therefor he desired me to help
them what to doe and to go w* him, seing I had the young
ladies power. I comunicat it to M^ Alex^, who advised me to
go to Humbie, and so fearing in thes loose tyms, they might
put themselves in possession by such indirect means, I took
my horse and went w* M^ W°^ to Humbie, having given order
to my man to go for my wife to Lanerick upon Tuysday.

I got a packquet of letters from Waristoun to S. J.
Chiesley, and finding M^ W"^^ cover, I brak it open, and read
all the letters, save M^ W"^^ one, which were open, and then
sealed them and sent y^ to S'' Jo^. I find them to be full
of fears that nothing shall go right in reference to Scotland ;
that the Act of Union is neer closed, and the instructions
making ready for Commissioners to come doun.

1 cam to Humbie about 1 a'cloak at ny*, being very dark,
and being forced to have 2 guyds be the way, James Donald-
sone guyded me from Hafleckkill to Humbie.

After I had supper I fell to my weekly search, becaus I
could not get it gone about upon the way, and I found that
all this week I had been much hindered in prayer at ny*,
pt^® through distraction and company of strangers in the
journey. The Lord help it in tyme to come, and pardon me
byganes, yet the Lord had given me severall tyms inlargment
of heart.

This was a prettie good day to my spirit.

A fair day, w* some easterly wind.

2 October, The Lords day, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being
in Humbie, after I was readie and had done family dutie
there, I went to the Church and heard M^ Ja. Calderwood^
lecture on Math. 27. 51, etc. In gen^^ obs. That qnever you
read of anything deducing Christs human frailty presently
follows something that demonstrates his Godhead. Obs. There

1 James Calderwood, A.M., graduated in the University of Edinburgh in
1642. Ordained minister of Humbie, 1649. He conformed to Episcopacy. He
got a charter of the lands of Whytburgh, 27th June 1677, and died in 1679.



1 659] SETTING TEIND IN HUMBIE 151

is nothing so hard but is moUyfied by virtue from Christs
death. 2° That the virtue of Christs death reacheth to thes
befor, as weei as thes yt dyed after his death, v. 5S. That
its no small thing to unchurch ane church, v. 54. That
sometymes ther is more hops of profan souldiors, nor of
learned rabbies. v. 55. That sufferers for truth have aye
some sympathisers. 5 reasons why Christ was buried, v. 60.
That somtymes fainters in small hazard, will get grace to be
stout in greater hazard, v. 65. That qn church officers are
not right, they are a snare to magistrats, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 9. Obs. That it ought
to be the duty of the Lords people to be peacablie disposed.
4 reasons of it. 4 motives for pressing the dutie of peac-
ablenes. 3 cautions to be observed heerin. Some means to
peacablenes, qrin are 4 things we must bewar of, and 4 things
also we must do for obteining peac. The text also imports
peacmaking, als weel as peace keeping. 3 advantages by
peacmaking : God is honored, the church is built, and we
are bettered, and ane use of reproffe to peacbrakers, etc.

In the afternoone he preached on Exod. 20. 12. Three
things qrin the duties of both tables doe agree in the point
of obedience to both, the sin of contraveining both, in the
justice of the master of both, the difference betuixt them
are 4. A rule. The moralls of the 2 table give place to
the moralls of the first. The first table is in order befor
the 2^ table, both in excellencie and nature. The division
of the precept of the second table in the 5 coiTiand, 2 things,
the dutie and the confirmation of it. 3 reasons why superiors
in church and comonwealth are called father and mother.
The duties of superiors to inferiors are 4, and the duties of
inferiors to superiors are 3, reverence, submission, and main-
tenance. Item, the duties of equalls, etc.

After sermons I went home to Humbie w* M" Gray, and
retired myself some more nor ane houer, then went to family
worship, and so to supper, and then to duty againe.

This was a right good day, I blisse the Lord.

A great drying winde all day.

8, Mundai/, 7-8 a cloak, — This morning being in Humbie,



152 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [3 OCT.

befor I was readie the Lady Humbie elder cam to the gate,
and offered to put her teynd in the barne yaird of Humbie,
which I hearing went to her, and told her that it were fit her
good daughter were first acquainted with it, and that it wold
hinder her to set her oune teynd there, she alledging that all
the teynd of Humbie was sett. I denyed it, to which she
answered, if y* were trew indeed the yaird will not hold both,
and went away w*out ane ansr., it appearing to me some
servant had informed her y* she wold not get it granted to her.

About 10 a'cloak M'' John Sinclar cam to Humbie, and
therafter he and M''^ Gray and I went doun together to Keith
and dyned w* him. In privat conference w* Keith, he told
me how unsatisfyed he was w* the Lady Humbie, and that
if he lived she would never get that decreet for her main-
tenance allowed her, becaus it was caryed over his belly, also
that he suspected M^ W^ Cheislie was the author of thes
informations to the Lady Humbie, which made her write so
sharply to the freinds.

About 3 a'cloak M^ Ja. Calderwood came home to Humbie
with us, and he and I walked a whyle in the garden. He
told me he thought M^ Hutchesone wold be against the
Union, becaus he was fallen to be so great with M^ Smyth,
who rules all now. He told me also that he was to build a
gate at his oune hous, and desired some pend stones^ out of
Crightoun, but I persuaded him to stay till the Lady cam
home and ask them from her. Therafter I did read a whyle
on Christ's Victory over Satan by Masson, and so retired, and
went to exercise and supper.

This day I found somewhat raving.

A prettie fair, cold day.

4 October, Tivysday, 7 a'doak. — This morning being in
Humbie, befor I was ready Alex^ Borthwick cam to me, and
I desired him expressly to sett the teynd of Humbie milne
and Haltunhill in Humbie Barn yaird that I might mak g^
what I said to the old Lady. Then he told me how angry

^ The application of Mr. Calderwood, minister of Humbie, for pend stones
out of Crichton seems to refer to stones forming some of the arches of the
beautiful castle of Crichton, with which the minister wished to build a gateway.



i659] ENTAIL OF HUMBIE 153

the old lady was at ane ansr. which M'^ W°^ Cheislie and
James Runciman had sent her y^'anent.

About 8 a'*cloak I cam away from Humbie to Ed^ with
jVF Ja. Calderwood, who told me that he thot the freinds had
a real] mynd to trouble the lady about that taillie if any-
thing aill Adam, and that M'^ John Drummond said to him
ther was ane expresse taillie in the Contract of Marriage,
which maks me think it expedient to take his and Keiths
oath of the grounds of inserting that clause in the Contract
least they may die and uthers persew it.

I cam to Ed^ about 12 a'cloak, and dyned with AP W^
Chieslie in my good-broyrs house. I heard the Magistrats
of Ed'* wer new chosen, vizt., S'^ Ja. Stewart, Provest ; Jon.
Denholme, Ro* Foules, Geo. Sutie, yo^, and Gabriel Weer,
Baillies ; Rot. Murray, Dean of gild ; and John Johnston,
Treasurer. I spoke with M'*^ Brand about money to the
Lady Humbie, who promised to send it. Therafter I went
doun to M'* Stirling's hous, and did read Waristouns letters,
shewing y^ y'^ was report of or Kings marying the Cardinalls
neece, that the Army and Parlia* wer in no good terms, etc.

I conferred ane houre w* Alex^ Chieslie, whom I found very
stiffe, and exceeding ignorant in the things he holds forth as
his profession.

This day was no ill day, I bliss God.

A prettie dry day.

5, Wednesday, 6 d'cloak. — This morning being in Ed',
after I was ready I went doun the way and got my french
printed Scots catholick bound, also I bought another paper
book. Then I spok w* Adam Wat anent M'^ Ged. Penman (who
was maryed the last week on Jane Levingston). He told me
that he thot M'' Sinclar and M'^ Andrew Borthwick wold do
no good in y* matter. Thereafter I met with ^I'^ Jon. Veitch
yunger, who was glade his father and good-broyr had sub-
mitted their difference to M*" Alex"" Lev: and me, but wished
me ernestly to determine his father to have 100 lib. of the
annuity of 250 mks., and he thot the Pi-esbrie of Lanericks
bursary wold mak it up to the Parish againe w* some litle
contribution. He desired also his father might have the



154 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [5 OCT.

parish to seek and not the Presbrie for y* money. Then I
breakfasted with M^ W"^ Chiesley in my good-broys. hous,
and so I took leave, and M^ W"^ convoyed me to my horse.

I came away about 10 a'cloak, but becaus I was ryding on
a weak naige, which I had brought from Humbie, having left
my oune there, it was sunsett before I cam home, having
lighted ane hour at the Bridge end. After I cam home I
found all my family weel. I blisse the Lord, my wife being
com home yesternyt from Calderwood. She tells me y* she
fears her brother shall be worse nor her father was, which
the Lord in mercie prevent, and that she left all at Hamilton
weel, that my Lady Lanerick is dead, and my lady dutchesse
nurses her second sone W"". Then I retired, and so I went
about familie exercise and so to supper.

This day was barren of good meditations.

A very windie day, with some raine.

6 Octob*", Thursday, 6 and 7 a'cloak. — This morning after
I was ready I thot to have brought home my hey, but could
not for raine. Therafter I sent my man to Skirling to see
it, who told me some of it was alreadie away.

After I had breakfast, I went to Bigger to the exercise.
I heard M^ Alex' Pethan exercise on Acts 5. 25. In words

3 things, the recording the message, the message itself, and the
consequents. In the recording 5 things, the tyme, the mess',
the parties to whom, and the act itself. In the narratioun

4 things, the note of attention, the title, the place, and their
exercise, v. 26. 5 things, who is imployed, their act, the
manner, the reason, and the ryse of the reason. 3 reasons
why the mess' brings the news. 4 significatiouns of the word
behold. 4 acceptations of the word prison. 4 acceptations
of temple. 4 reasons why they wer not now also rescued.

5 differences of fear in the godlie and wicked.

M' Rob* Levingston added obs. that Satan hes many
to run his erands. 4 reasons of it. Obs. 2 that the malice
of the wicked is insatiable towards the godlie. 3 reasons.
Obs. 3 that the wicked are bounded and get not leav to doe
all the ill they wold to the godlie. Obs. 4 that these that
will not fear the Lord, are put to fear men, etc.



i659] ALEX. PEDEiVS TRIAL EXERCISE 155

After exercise I went into the Presbrie. A letter was read
direct to the Presbrie from the Presbrie of Kirkcudbright,
exhorting us to imbrace overtures of Union when they shall
be proposed. Another from M'* AI. Strang excusing the lady
Queensberry pro hac vice. We appointed a Committee to be
at Skirling on Monday nixt to ans'^ both letters and to revise
the minutes ; also to plant a schoole there. I am one for
all thes 3. About 3 a'cloak we went to denner, and dyned
together. I had a letter from the lady Humbie regretting
she had written formerly to offend any persons, and telling
me she wold send me word q^ to meet her. So I cam home
and retired myself, and so to family dutie.

This was ane indifferent good day to me.

Great raine till noone, yWter mixed.

7, Friday, 6 a' cloak — This morning, after I was ready, I
went to Heavysyd and Skirling Maines, and borrowed all their
horses to carry home my hey from Skirling. I bought also
a ruck from Ja. Robisone for 4 lib. 6 sh. 8, so that my
whole hey was a great ruck of the Lawes meadow, and 3 litle
rucks, which coast me 12 lib. 13 sh. 4^, all which I did put
in one sow in the yaird this day. This last night the broun
naig called Stoddart, which I had borrowed out of Humbie,
being put in Skirling yaird, did either run away or was taken
out, so as I could not find it again.

The rest of this fornoone I spent in looking and helping
the people to sett my hey in the yaird, and therafter dyned
w* my wiffe alone. In the afternoon I did read upon Gee of
Magistracy on Rom. 13. 1. The text to be understood of
the persone, not of the office. BvvafjLL<; differs from e^ovaia
thus, the first signifies mere mightiness or ability, the latter
signifies such a power as consists in right interest or propriety.
e^ovaia in the new testmt is aplyed 1° to things privately
possessive ; 2° to matter of actioun ; 3® to matter of com-
mand or authority over persones ; many texts cited and
explained to shew all thes particulars. Two objections from
Luc. 4. 6, and Rev. 13. 2. Answered, The devill hath a
physicall power in materiall or elementary things, and a
political power in relation to his fellows the evil spirits, hut



156 AxNDREW HAY^S DIARY [7 OCT.

in moral and human proceedings, he hath no more but a
suggesting or tempting power. This I read till pag. 15.

At night I retired myself, being somq* unweell, and then
went to familie dutie and so to supper.

This was a tolerable good day.

A windie day w* some raine.

8 OctoJf^ Saturnday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning, after I
was ready, I went to Bigger to have spoken w* some folks for
meall, but could find none of them. I met w^ J^ Callender,
who told me he had broght home my wiffe's new ryding
cloath, for which I payed to Jo^ Mowbray upon Wednesday
100 mks. for stufFe making furniture and all.

After breakfast I did read upon Gee on Magistracy when
power is distinguished in naturall and morall, pag. 15 ;
natural! is also found in brute beasts, morall is only among
reasonable creatures ; and that moral power is only intended
in the text Rom. 13. 1, is proven by the other argt% but is
specially fra the definition of magistracie by Austine, Po-
lanus, Zanchius, Bucan., Grotius, and others. 4 ways q^in
a pouer may be said to be lawful or unlawful in regard of
mater, persone, title, and use, pag. 29. Again unto the
constitution of a pouer in its essence. 3 things are not
necessarly required, the mater of the pouer, the persone to
sustein it, and the moative of that person with that power,
all which are cleared bothe in law^^ and unlaw^^ powers till
pag. 40.

I dyned alone w* my wife and childrin, and after much
search found that horse againe which had gon away on
Thursday night. The afternoone I spent in reading, and
walking abroad, and viewing my maps.

Towards night I went about my weekly search, and found
indeed that the Lord had been very propitious and favorable
to me in my whoU bussiness, and had also given me some
allowance in dutie, for which I blisse his name, but alace I
found my spirit heavy and severall tymes very indisposed for
the Lords service, for which I begg his pardon in Christ, ther-
after I went to dutie secret and familie, and the Lord closed
day and week weel.



1 659] HIS WIFE'S RIDL\G-CLOTH 157

This was no ill day I blisse the Lord.
A very fair day and frostie.

9, The Lords day^ 7 a'cloak. — This morning, after I was
ready and had done duty in the family, I went to Bigger kirk
and heard M^ Alex^ Lev. lecture on Levit. 11. The cap.
hath 3 pts. 1^ Directions anent thes things mad the people
clean in eating. 2° What things may not be touched. 3®
His designe in the wholl cap. Obs. That the Lord knows
weel how to guard against the temptaons of his oune people.
V. 1. That the Lord loves joint acting in kirkmen and
statesmen to doe for him. 5 consideraons which tak up the
substance of the wholl cap. Then ous. 1, That in the use of
meat and drink, we must learn to hold all our creature in-
joymts of the Lord. 4 reasons given in the last vrs. why we
should be holy, and ane vse of all that is said, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 9. Obs. That this
great degree of blissednes is atteinable by Christians to be
called the sones of God. 2 things imported in being called
the sones of God. Sones may be looked on under a 3 fold
notion, as Christ, as all creatures, and as belivers. Obs. 2,
That its a bljssed priviledg and dignity to be sones and
daughters to God Almitie. Instanced from divers scriptures.
3 reasons of it, from the causes of it, their allyance, and their
honour. Their dignity of alliance 3 fold, God, Christ, and
the saints. 3 marks of knowing ourselvs to be children.
3 infallible marks of soneship, adoption, regeneration, and
a holy conformity to Gods image. 4 things qrin children
doe resemble God in some sort, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Jude 1-4. In the epistle
3 things. In the salutaon 3 things : The person saluting,
the persones saluted, and the things wished. From the name
OBS. That its good to have a name among Christs freinds.
From the title servt. obs. That to be faithful in any station
God calls men to, is a great honour. From the person saluted
OBS. That sanctificaon is one of the most glorious ornaments
of a Christian. 2° That qrever grace is in reality it will
be keeped to the Lord. v. 3 obs. That the meanest truth is
worth contending for, etc.



158 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [9 OCT.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 9. Three further
considerations for pressing home the point of holines. It's
atteinable, it's needful, and it's comfortable. 4 distinctions
necessary to be knowen for answering that doubt of having
many ups and douns in our condiun. 3 sorts of persons
ready to deceive themselves about their interest : Ignorant
persones, hypocrites, and somtymes the trulie godly. 2 fals
grounds of ignorants. 4 wrong grounds of real belivers, viz.,
afflictions, temptations, desertions, and ane dwelling corrup-
tioun, all answered, etc.

After sermones I cam home wt my wife and retired till
neer 7 ho^^, and then went to catechetick explaun and family
dutie, and so to supper, and therafter to dutie againe.

This was a right good day, I blisse the Lord.

A very stormie, rainie day.

10, Munday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning, after I was ready
and had breakfasted, I went to Skirling, being appointed by
the Presbrie and w* uyrs stented the Parish of Skirling for a
schoolm^^ stipend^ in payment of 100 mks. per annum, and
4 lib. to uphold the hous, and fixed upon that house which
was the old ministers manse.

Therafter I came into the ministers, being appointed one
of the Comittee for visiting the minutes, where we appointed
a letter to be written to the Presbrie of Penpont for present-
ing my lady Queensbery befor our Presbrie, thereafter we went
through the minutes and corrected them till the beginning
of Sep', and then we dyned w* the Minister and therafter
departed, M'^ Alex'' Levingstone and Alex' Bertram going to
Broughton to assist M' Ro* Broun in that Session. We were
also informed that Jo^ Cleghom, Kirklawhill, did one dark
ny* see a good many men and women dancing, and a great lyt
w* them, which imeditlie disappeared, and which he sayes were
witches.

I bought from John White in Skirling 6 bolls of oats at



^ The policy of establishing a school at Biggar was also followed at Skirling.
In the former place the tower was purchased for a school, and at Skirling the
old manse was fixed upon for that purpose. This shows the prosperous state of
Scotland under the Commonwealth.



i659] DANCE OF WITCHES 159

5 lib. boll and peck Skirling met,^ and shold reseive them
betwixt Mertimes and Youle. I did lend M^ Ro* Broun of
Broughton M'' Durhams tractate of Scandall and therafter I
cam hom, and M'' Jo. Greg and M'^ Antony Murray cam w*
me, and stayed till neer 5 a'cloak at night. Therafter Cul-
terallers cam to me, and told me he had been at Kerswell and
desired me to appoint a tyme to come to Culter for ending
y* divisioun of the Common.

Towards night I did read on the lives of Wheatly and
Spanhemius, and this day changed my privat prayer I used
to have after supper, in praying w* my wife hand to hand ^
befor we go to bed, and so I went to supper, and so to bed.

This was but a raving day, yet God was good to me.

Foule till noone, therafter fair.

11, Twysday^ 7 cC cloak. — This morning after I was readie,
John Whyte in Skirling cam to me and I delivered to him
SI lib. in part of payment for his oats, so I rest to him
8 lib. 14 sh. After breakfast I went up to Bigger to sermon.
I heard M^ Alex. Lev. preach on Jude 14. 3 things in
Enoch's prophecie, Christs coming, the majesty of his name,
and the end of his coming. 4 Reasons why Jude mentions
this prophecie, being noq^ else recorded. From the prophecie
OBs. that q*ever things have been prophecyed of old of judgm*
to come, are particularly applicable to christians in this genera-
tion. A 4 fold period of Christs coming in the flesh, in the
word, in his spirit, and in judgm*. 3 Reasons why Christ hes
so stately a train, how the saints are said to judge the world
in the last day by applauding and approving the sentence of
Christ on the wicked, etc.

After sermon I went into the Sessioun, where we examined
Sylvester Chapman, who denyed his drunkness, and we took
it to probatioun ; we also examned Ja. Nesbit. We appointed
some to view and buy Ja. Dicksone's timber for the Schoole,



> The Skirling mett was a local measure. There were numerous instances of
diversity of weights and measures.

Praying hand to hand seems to refer to holding each other by the hand when
in the act of prayer.



160 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [ii OCT.

and intends to gather the contribution for the Schoole after
the fair day of Bigger.

Therafter I cam home and dyned w* my wife, and becaus
it was told me Scotland was 20 yers in Edward i. of Ing-


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 16 of 28)