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The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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land his peaceable possession at the tyme of the compete-
tion betwixt Baliol and Bruce, and that that tyme was very
like to this tyme, I did read in Buchanan the wholl story
of that tyme all this afternoon, and found it not very unlyke,
yet the Inglish never had such peacable possession as now,
but y* which recovered all to the Scots was that R. Bruce
demolished all the forts still as he recovered them from the
Inglish. M^ John Greg cam and stayed a good whyle wt me,
and therafter I retired to duty, my wife being sick.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very great raine all day.

12 October^ Wednesday^ 7 aclodk. — This morning after I
was readie I took my breakfast, and therafter I came away
to Haystoun, being desired by a letter from my brother to
come ther. After I had lighted I was made more welcome
nor ordinare, and after some gen^^ discourses my brother and
I walked abroad to the feilds. He told me that he had sent
for me to impart ane business to me of my concernment as
weel as his : That he had apprysed Smeithfeilds estate and
was infeft upon the band I trusted him w*, that if he got
good of it it should be to my advantage ; that to get himself
in possession he had taken a tack of Smeithfeilds estate from
W"^ Hay and ane assignation also. That he was lik to agree
w* S^ Ja. Douglas and all parties till my L. Tweddall steped
in and hes marred all, and opposed him. That my brothers
design was to have had me agreeing w* S^ Ja. Douglas and
buying his right, etc. To which I said ther was a moth in
that estate, I would not medle w* it, only he desired me to
speak to my Lord Tweddall, which I promised, and to send
him word. He told me also that he was content qn I pleased
to come and close w* the Lady Dutchesse and tak infeftment
of Craignethen, as also that he wold dispone Deuchar and
Grashope to me, I giving him backhand for his warrandice



1 659] JOSEPH BRODIE AND GENERAL MONCK 161

which I promised, and in the meantime to devyd the kaine^
betwixt him and me till jt be done.

At night we cam in together, and I blessed God that I
found him in so good temper and wished yt it might continue.
He told me also that he had lent W°* Hay money because he
would needs go out of the country, and yet he heard he was
not gone. After we had supped we walked a while in the
hall and then retired to chamber.

This was a good day, the Lord follow it with mercie.

A pretie fair, louring, day.

13, Thursday, 6 a'doak. — This morning being in Haystoun
after I was ready I thought to have gone to Deuchar for money
and my brother with me, but Ja. Blackstocks cam and told
me they had it not yet readie, so I caused him acquaint them
to meet me w^ it at Haystoun upon Monday com 8 dayes at
1 h^^. After I had taken breakfast I made ready to get to
Humbie, being desired by the lady Humbie that I might
know if she wer upon her journey homeward. My brother
and I resolved that I should go to Bothans and speak w* my
Lord Tweddall, and send my brother word how I found my
Lord disposed towards him. He resaved a letter fra Sir Ja.
Douglas to meet at Edinburgh y^anent, so we resolved that
M'' And. Gilmore and Sir Jo. Cheislie should meet for my
brother the last Thursday of this month.

About 9 a'cloak I cum away and met Black Barronie* and
his sone upon the way. I cam to Humbie about 3 acloak in
the afternoon, and finding no word come from the Lady I
went over to Overkeith and saw Jo^ Porteous, the lady's
officer, sick, and prayed w* him. After I cam back Joseph
Brodie was come : he told me he had been w* the Gen^^, who
told him that there wold be a Session this winter,* that the



* Kain fowls delivered as part of rent.

^ Sir Archibald Douglas, third baronet of Blackbarony, got a charter under
the Great Seal of the lands of Blackbarony, 31st July 1643, was appointed by
Charles ii. lieutenant-colonel of the Militia regiment of Linlithgow and Peebles,
2nd December 1669. After the Revolution he was appointed by King William
Master of Works for Scotland, 24th December 1689. He married Lady Mary
Keith, daughter of William, seventh Earl Marischal. — Douglas's Barotiagt,

^ A resumption of the Court of Session, which had been suspended since 1650.

L



162 ANDREW HA Y^S DIARY [13 OCT

Commissioners were now a choosing to come doun, and he
tho* Waristoun would be one, which I doe not think ; and
that he expected the Signet wold be opened the next week ;
that the army had desired to have a Cheiff Commander, and
had justified the Northern brigade.

This day M^ Ja. Robinsone, Minister at Cranstoun, was
buried. After retirement I went to Supper and so to our
Chambers.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A very fair, seasonable day.

14 October^ Fryday, 7 cCcloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was readie I spok w* Joseph Brodie, who told
me a story, how my L. Traquair had robbed Jo^ Burnet of
2 bands of 1200 mks., which I thought very unhandsome.
He told me also that M'^ Kirktoun had written for him, and
that he was going to him.

After breakfast I went to the studie, and did read over the
storie of Wallace and King Robert Bruce out of Hollin-
shede, which I find to be nothing els but a translation of
Boethius and Buchanan. I had this morning sent M'^ W"^
Thomson into Ed^ to know what word was come from the
Lady Humbie becaus she promised to tryst me about this
tyme. So I did dutie in the familie for him. In the after-
noone I did look over a trunk of old papers that wer in
Humbie, some q^ofF had belonged to the old Erie of Had-
dingtoun,^ and did put them in order, most part of them are
useless and unserviceable. Therafter I went to the feilds, and
did read over the articles of the Peace at Munster, anno 1648,
betwixt Philip 4 of Spaine and the States of the United
Provinces, q^in I perceive great respect had been had to the
Prince of Orange. Then I did read till night upon the
history of the tryell and arreignment of the Bishop of
Canterbury, written be M^ Prynne, wherin he is accused by
the House of Commons and the Scots Commissioners, and so
defends himself by Counsall, etc., a pretty story.



1 The papers of the old Earl of Haddington are at different times referred to
in the Diary, They were kept in a trunk at Humbie.



1 659] VISIT TO LORD TWEEDDALE 163

At night I went about secret and familie duty.
This was a tollerable good day.
A very fair, seasonable day.

15, Saturnday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was ready, according to my promise to my brother, I
went to Bothans to see my Lord Tweddall ^ and my Lady.
After I came ther I met w* M^ Alex^ Hay and Linplum and
then went to denner. Lady Sophia Areskin being y'^ waiting
on my lady lying in. After denner my lord and I walked
together near 3 hours in the garden. I proposed the bussi-
ness of Smeithfield to him. He told me that he took it ill my
brother had never acquainted him w* his intention to doe for
that familie, that none wold blame him for doeing for S' Ja.
Douglas, his children being next designed in the taillie, that
it looked not weel my brother shold first convoy W°^ away
and then possesse himself of his estate. I told him my brother
had never taken W™ by the hand but out of compassion,
being like to starve, that my brother was nearest to that
familie of the name, that I apprehended W°^ had given some
information to his Lordship concerning my brother, which he
did not planely ans'*. I desired him to hear my bro^ and doe
nothing till he heard him. He said he wold ray^ hear me.
I desired him to endevor to compose the business among y™,
etc.

Thereafter I went up and saw my lady and took leave of
my lord, and to engag him I lent him 2 books of architecture
out of Humbie, and we parted w^ great respect, and so I cam
back to Humbie.

After I cam back I went immediately about my weekly
search, and found that the Lord had been very kind to me
thro the week, in meeting with my bro^ in my journeyes, and
in my addresses to the throne in allowing me tenderness, tho



* The Earl of Tweeddale here referred to was the first earl. William Hay,
who had recently succeeded to Smithfield, was in straitened circumstances, and
Mr. John Hay of Ilaystoun had taken measures for obtaining the estate, which
were displeasing to his lordship. Mr. Andrew Hay acted a cautious part
between them.



164 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [15 OCT.

alace I have made but small proficiencie in holiness, the Lord-
help it.

This was no ill day, though I found not my heart so close
as I would.

A very fair day after 9 hours.

16 October, The Lord's day, 7 a'cloak. — This morning,
after I was readie, and had done family duty in Humbie, I
went to the church and heard M'^ Ja. Calderwood lecture on
Math. 28. 11, etc. Two things in the words: Christ's
resurrection proven and his instituon of a ministrie. v. W.
OBs. That the Lord measures tymes and seasons for the good
of his oune church. 2° That Gods wisdome is great in
drawing a testimony from enemyes. v. 12. That its a
dangerous thing to ingadg in ane ill cause. 2° That lying
is one of the devil's engynes q^'by he opposeth the ghospelL
V, 15. That mony is a great idoll. 2*^ That such as will not
resaue the truth shall belive lies. v. 16. That places of
meeting w* Christ should be weel keepit. v. 18. That the
Lord hes appointed a ministrie in his church, and it is ane
effect of his almitie pouer. 2° That the work of the ministrie
extends to all nations. 3° That Christians should hev respect
unto all God's comandments, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 10. The last step of
blissednes. 3 things mak persecutions blissings, a good cause,
a good person, and good ends. Obs. 1, That how meek and
peacable soever a christian be, yet he may meet w* persecution.
3 reasones of it. 8 designes in God in letting his people
meet w* persecutions. 3 vses of it. 3 things to be provyded
that we may suffer persecuns, a stock of grace, of promises,
and of assurance. 4 graces to be provyded. Obs. 2, That
the Lord prepars his people for persecuns befor he bring
them on them. Obs. 3, That q*ever be the pretences of the
wicked persecuting the godly, holines is the true cause, etc.

In the afternoone he preached on 6 comand, Exod. 20. 13.
This is the first of thes comands that shew the right of them.
The reason why thes comands are set down negatively. 3
reasons wherin a mans life may be lau^^® taken away : be the
magistrat, in warre, and in self defence. 3 reasons why this



i659] COURT AT PEEBLES 165

cofnand is annexed to the 5*^. 4 duties required of ws by
this comand toward uthers, meeknes, compassion, protection,
and mercifulnes. 4 motives to reliev the needy. 5 rules in
shewing mercie, etc.

After sermons I spok w* Keith, who told me he had gotten
a letter from the Lady Humbie, but belived not that she had
not resaved his Ires. Therafter I cam up to Humbie and
retired myself to secret dutie, and then helped in familie dutie,
and so went to supper.

I found this a good day, I blisse the Lord for it.

Fair in the morning, very rainie aftemoone.



17, Munday^ 6-7 cCclodk. This morning being in Humbie
after I was ready I went to the studie, and did putt some
old papers that wer in the wardrob in order and took out
the printed papers from among them, and put them into the
press of the studie : therafter I went to breakfast with M"
Grey and Alex^ Borthwick, and so I took my horse towards
Haystoun. By the way I called at Afleckhill and spok w^
Ja. Donaldson, who told me that my L. Tweddall had offered
to buy y* portion of land in debate betwixt him and Humbie
if he had not best right to it ; he told me my Lord's rent
about Borthwick was 2300 mks. He offered to tak Smibert's
roume from Humbie, if we wold sett it unto him. I came to
Haystoun about 4 a"'cloak at nyt in the greatest raine could
be, and a little after cam my brother from Pebles, who had
been at a Justice Court upon Jaimie Pretsill's wife, who had
killed her oune child. I related unto him all that had passed
betwixt my L. Teveddall and me, in reference to that bussiness
betwixt him and Sir Ja. Douglas ; my brother shew me a letter
from AV™ Hay, who is now at London, and desires my bro' to
send him up some more money : I told my bro^ that I tho*
my L. Teveddall a direct party against him in this bussi-
ness; and therupon we resolved to go to Kerswall to Sir Jon.
Cheislie, and to tak his advice in that bussiness. I told him
I liked not the bussiness, and that I feared they should not
much vaunt themselves, that meddle in that bussiness of
Smeithfeild.



166 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [17 OCT.

At nyt, after we had supper, my bro^ and I talked long in
my chamber, and so we parted.
This was a tollerable good day.
A very vehement raine all day.

18 Octolf, Twysday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning being in
Haystoun, after breakfast my bro^ and I took horse and cam
away to Kerswall, we called by the way at Kirkurd, Dol-
phintoun, Newholme, and Dunsyre, and at last cam to Kers-
wall about 3 a'*cloak afternoone.

Ther we found W™ Cheislie, who is to be maryed upon
Thursday next. We went apart w* S'^ Jo^ and did comunicat
all our bussiness anent my Lord Tweddall with him, and
desired him to be trysted for my bro' at Ed% Octo. 27, which
he did not decline, but having debated the matter fuUie, it
was resolved that my brother shold go to Bothans to my L.
Tweddall and shew him the trew grounds of his rights, and
deal with him to compose the bussiness betwixt S^ Ja. Douglas
and my bro^, or els not to come to the meeting at all, and to
shew him that Sir Jo. is to be at the meeting for my bro'^,
though my bro'^ reasoned much against this, yet he con-
descended at last to follow this way ; but I thot the wholl
bussiness wold blow up at last.

I spok with S^ Jo^ privatlie also, who told me he wold
oune that bussiness upon my accompt, and wold have me to
demand some write of my bro^ for evidencing my right to
that apprysing of Smeithfeild. But I told him I durst not
mistrust my bro^^ ingenuitie, having promised so fair to me
at Haystoun. S^ Jo'^ also did advyse my bro^ to go on with
that business of Craignethan, and tak infeftment y^of, becaus
all men pityed the lady,^ and so we went to supper and to
the exercise, and so to bed.

This day was somq* raving to my spirit.

A soft day and raine at nyt.



^ This refers to the Duchess of Hamilton, whose husband, the Earl of
Selkirk, had been imprisoned in Douglas Castle, while she herself was in
straitened circumstances, and to some arrangement for the transfer of Craig-
nethan, probably to raise money for her ladyship.



i659] APPRISING OF SMITHFIELD 167

19, Wednesday^ 7 a'cloali. — This morning being in Kers-
wall, after I was ready, I spok with S^ Jo°, who shew me the
jres from London, shewing that there is a Committee of
Parlia* nominated, with pouer to them to name 10 Judges
and 5 Commissioners for our Scots affairs. The Judges are to
be half Scotch and half Inglish, and ane endeavour is to be
essayed to reduce our lawes to theirs, which I think impossible.
It is to me no good newes : That the lady Humbie is not yet
come from London, and that she wants money to bring her
doune. We went to breakfast, and therafter, having con-
firmed yesternights resolution to my brother, he and I cam
away together. I promised, in the Lord's strenth, to meet
him at Haystoun on Monday, and so we parted, and I cam
homward, and trewlie the Lord was pleased to allow me
a blink of communion with himself by the way. I cam home
befor denner, and found my wife and children in good health,
blissed be the Lord : my wife told me she found her child
(juick in her bellie. I resaved a letter from John Veitch at
London, desireing counsell anent his coming doun, and
essaying to get some place at the settling of places heer ; I
resaved another letter from Culterallers, desyring when I
would keep tryst for Culter Commoun.

In the afternoone Ja. Dixone cam to me and offered me
his oats and beere in Stone for money. Therafter cam Dol-
phinestoun, and shew me his sister was at the point of death
at Slipperfeild,^ and so durst not stay all nyt. So I retired
myself to dutie and familie exercise.

This was a good day, blissed be God.

Most pairt raine, especially at ny*.

20 Octob*', Thursday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning, after I
was readie, I took breakfast, and then went up to Bigger to
the Presbrie. I met w* Jo^ Threipland, and bot from him
5 bolls of oats at 5 lib. the boll ready money. I met also



* Dolphinton's sister was the wife of William Russel of Slipperfield, referred
to at various times in the Diary. He was an ardent Covenanter, and was fined
j^6oo in 1662. Mrs. Russell died in the following week.



168 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [20 OCT.

w* M^ Ro* Broun, who told me my sister was in health, blissed
be the Lord.

About 12 a'cloak M^ Alex'^ Pethan not being come, who
should have preached, we wanted sermon and went into the
discipline. We resaved a report of the scandalous servants in
Lithehop, and advised the minister to rebuke them publicklie.
They appointed M'^ Alex^ Lev: and me to draw a letter in
answer to the Presbrie of Kirkcudbrights letter. We gave a
contrebution to David Black in Innerlethan. We ended our
minutes, and appointed M^ Jo^ Craufurd to have his common
head the next day, being this day 8 dayes.

We went to denner together, but fell in some foolish
reasonings, and some of the brethren fell very hot one upon
another, and discovered a great deall of weakness ; therafter
we did read over the Presbrie of Ed^ their declaration and
testimony against the petition for tolleration. I wrot ane
letter to S'' Jo'^ Ch: anent his nurse, and therafter I cam
home w* M'^ Jo^ Greg, who told me of a probability to dis-
cover some witches in Skirling if I wold help him, which I
promised to doe ; he told me also of a young woman called
Lauder to come to this countrey, whom M^ Alex'^ much com-
endit, and who is to visit him at Bigger.

After M'^ Jo. Greg was gone I retired myself in secret, and
then went about familie dutie.

This day I found my heart somq* loose, the Lord help me
to guard against it.

Frost in the morning, therafter faire.



21, Fryday^ 7 cCclodk. — This morning, after I was ready,
I did read out ane pamphlet which I had borrowed from S'^
Jo. Cheisley, intituled Justice will not lie, being a view of
England's interest in reference to the Papist, Royalist, Pres-
biterian. Baptist, Newter, Army, Parlia* and Citie of London,
wherin the author all along endeavours to prove that it
is the interest of each of thes parties to hold out the king
and hold up this Parlia* and army, except Papist.

About noone I dyned with my wife, and therafter did
collect from Acts of Parlia* and some uther papers the trew



i659] DETECTION OF WITCHES 169

rate of coine in Scotland since the days of David 2, viz*
anno 1369, ane Unce of silver was worth 2sh. 5d^ Scots,
anno 1394 it was worth 3sh. 6d. Scots, anno 1423 worth
5sh, Scots, anno 1451 worth 5sh. 4d. Scots, anno 1483 and
1489 worth llsh. 8d. Scots, anno 1560 worth 30sh. Scots,
anno 1581 worth 40sh. Scots, anno 1597 worth 50sh. Scots,
and anno 1601 and ever since it is worth 3 lib. Scots money.

In the afternoone W^ Crightoun came doun to me, and
brot the Act for stenting Skirling for a schoole, which I cor-
rected and subscrived. He told me also a report was come
from Ed^ that the Gen^ Monck had taken most of the ana-
baptist officers in and about Ed*", and that ther was som
trouble ther yesterday.

Toward night I walked a litle to the feilds to have met w*
some from Ed^, but could find non. I did read a whyle
upon Buchanan and S* Andrews storey anent Balmerinochs
tryell in anno 1608.

Therafter I retired myself, and then went about familie
•dutie, and so to supper.

This was no ill day, yet somq* lasie.

A very warme, louring day.



22 Octob*", Sahirndai/, 7 cCcloak. — This morning, befor I
was ready, W°^ Crightoun cam doun to me and told me
againe the news of the Gen^^ his taking all the anabaptist
officers at Ed'*, and that the report was come that Lambert
was on the head of the anabaptist part of the Inglish army,
and that the uther p* of it did syd with the Parlia*, and that
there is great appearance of blood. The Lord prevent it.
After I was up I went to Bigger, after I was ready, and
payed to John Threipland 21 lib. 4sh. in part payment of his
oats. I spok with some also who confirmed the news.

At noone I dyned with my wife, and therafter I bought
from Ja. Robisone in Skirling toun 6 bolls of oats at 7 nierks
p. boll and peck. About 4 a'cloak I went to Skirling at M""
Jo" Gregs desire, and he and I examined Wilkin Shankley
anent thes women in Skirling who was said to be witches,
and whom he saw v^ they frighted him, he named one Murray,



170 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [22 OCT.

mother to Jo. Penman, Smyth in Skirling,^ and Maly Purdie,
and said he durst say thes two wer ther, and desired us also
to examine the Baillies wife. So we parted.

About 5 at ny* I resaved a letter from the Lady Humbie,
dated Whithall, October 11, 1659. Therafter I went about
my weekly search, and found severall defects in my ingadgm*^
in order to my conversation in this week, the Lord pardon
me y^in, yet I found the Lord had dealt bountifully with me
through the week, for which I blisse his name. I resolve in
his strenth to walk more clossely the nixt week if he spare me :
so I went to dutie.

This was no ill day I blisse the Lord.

Thick rouk ^ in the morning, y^after warme and fair.

23, The Lord's Day, 7 cCdoak. — This morning, after I was
ready, and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger Kirk and
heard M^ Alex^ Lev. lecture on Levit. 15. In the cap. a 2
fold uncleannes of the persone and of cloaths — both by separ^ :
From the comand, Obs. that kirk and state have mutuall
interest in the affairs of the comonwealth, 2° that the Lord
knows very weel who among the people are clean and who are
unclean. 4 wayes God discovers folk by his word, spirit,
providence, and judgments. Obs. that if God notice so much
bodilie uncleannes, how much more spirituall. From the
priests weeklie visitaons obs. that the Lord lovs to strenthen
humbled sinners, that they despair not. From the 7 dayes
tryell obs. That God lovs not rash judgment in his people,
but that they be tender. 3 reasons why they wer to cry out
unclean, unclean, after disobedience, etc.

He preached therafter on Math. 5. 10. In gen^^ obs.
That all the Christian man's life is through steps of tryell.
From the text obs. That Christians, how eminent soever,
must lay their comp*^ to meet w* persecutions. 2 objections
answered. 5 directions how to cary under persecution, sup-
pose the worst, study acquantance w* God, choose not sin for
affliction, God can reste ane affliction, labor for pardon and
carv soberlie. Obs. 2, that followers of Christ are not the



^ Mr. Gideon Penman, the reputed warlock, appears to have been a native
of Skirling, and may have been a connection.
2 Mist.



1 659] WILLIAM HAY OF SMITHFIELD 171

worse of persecutions, becaus it cannot rive them of their
happines which stands in holines.

Afternoone he lectured on Revel. 1. 9, etc. In the words.
2. the vision and interpretat^^ of it. In gen^^ obs. That its the
Christians glorie to suffer for Christ, v. 1 0. That all the ill
persecu*^^ does to the saints, it maks them more famous. 2°
That endings by getting their will doe but chase the saints
to their grace, i;. 11 . that q*ever soules know of Christ is
for a publick good. 3 effects of this vision, z;. 17 and
V. 20. OBS. that it sets Christ weel to open up the misterious
depths of his oune counsall, etc.

Thereafter he preached on Math. 5, 10. 5 great advan-
tages to the saints by their suffering, their soule is keeped
safFe, the Lord orders y™ for the best, sufferers are made
glorious therby, they get a glorious outgate, and God is then
neerest unto them. Obs. that righteousnes only maks a
soule blissed in its suferings. 4 things required to mak
suferings acceptable, a good cause, a clear call, a Christian
cariage, and a spirituall and glorious end, etc.

After sermons I cam home w* my wife and retired myself
to dutie, and then went to familie exercise and the catechisme.

I found this a tollerable good day, I blisse the Lord.

A great frost and very faire all day.

24 Octobr., Munday^ 7 (C cloak. — This morning, after I was
readie, I resaved ane letter from M^ Ro* Broun that he wold
not go to Haystoun ; after I had taken my breakfast I took
my horse and went alone doun to Haystoun to meet with the
Deuchar men to get money. I cam ther about 1 1 a'cloak, and


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 17 of 28)