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The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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immediatlie conferred w* my brother anent his bussiness with
my L. Tweddall. He told me he had spoken with him at
Ed'', and told him that he had spoken with S' Jo^ Cheislie to
be his tryst, but my lord told that he cold not keep tryst at
Ed' thursday nixt, becaus the communion was to be at
Rothens sabbath following, my lord urged my brother to
produce W"™ Hay, and that he had put him away, both
which he denyed. I dyned at Haystoun with my brother,
who shew me three letters in print from G. Monk to the
Speaker, to Fleetwood and to Lambert, shewing y™ that he



172 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [24 OCT.

wold oune the Parlia*^ quarrel against any that offered force
to them, and that he wold fight upon that accompt, his 1^^^
are dated Oct. 20, 1659. I saw also a declaration of his
against the force put upon the Parlia*. His l''^^ seem to
state a warre, and it is lik to be a sad tyme if God prevent
not, for I have not read such sharp 1^®^.

After I had stayed till near 3 hours, I saw the tenents in
Deuchar wold not come. I wrot a letter to them, and desired
them to giv the money to my brother, and my brother
promised to send it to me. So I took my horse and cam
away home against 6 a'cloak at night.

After I cam home I retired myself to dutie in secret, and
then in the familie, and so to supper.

This was a tollerable good day, but sad newes.

A prettie faire, cold day.

25, Tuysday^ 6-7 cC cloak, — This morning after I was
readie, I took breakfast, and then took my horse to go to
Carstairs to meet with the Presbrie of Lanerick anent the
Union. I cam to Bigger, and M'' Alex^ and I went together
to Libertoun, q^ we took a guyd, and w* difficultie passed the
Medwans at Roxburgh Bridg and cam to Carstairs about
10 a'cloak.

After we wer mett we prayed, and then conferred anent
the Union, they shew us that the Synod of Glasgow wer
cordial for it, but durst not be over foreward for fear of
marring it. They shew us overtures from the Synod of Fiffe,
transmitted to Glasgow, which we did read over and debated
sev^^ heads of them ; we lyked them prettie week They are
said to be M'* Blairs, and that the Synod hath amended them
in some things ; therafter we read the letter of the Synod of
Glasgow, which is to be presented to our Synod in order to
union, and after we had prayed and conferred till 4 a'cloak
we parted. I blisse the Lord for assisting me in prayer heer.
After our meeting I made S'' Jo. Ch. accompt of my brothers
meeting w* my L. Tweddal, who thought weel it was dissolved,
and advyses him to recover his possessions by any means. As
for news he told me that Fleetwood and Lambert wer one,
and they were in London w* the Counsall of Officers, that



i659] PRESBYTERY OF LANARK 173

Waristoun was for them, but endeavoured peace twixt the
parties, that more good was to be expected from them than
the present Parlia* in appearance. That ther wer anabaptists
and sectaries on both sydes, etc., so we parted at Carnwath,
and I cam home about 7 acloak at night, and M'^ Jo^ Greg
w* me, who stayed all night.

This was no ill day I blisse the Lord.

A terrible rainie nyt, and a faire day.

26, Wednesday, 7 dcloak. — This morning after I was
ready, M^ Jo Greg and I did breakfast together, and therafter
he went home and I went to Bigger kirk and heard M^ Alex'^
Lev. preach on Jude 15. In the text 3 things, the end of
Christs coming, the persones whom he will judg, and the
grounds of the processe. Obs. that the doctrine of judgment
on the world is ane ancient truth known to all ages of the
world. 4 considerations for clearing this point ; that the
Saints have ever had impressions of judgment on their hearts,
that the devil and the wicked have borne testimony to it, that
most eminent truthes are very litle regarded, and that ther
is a vast difference betwixt this judg and all uther judges.
4 things recommended in order to studying the judgment to
come. 2 motives to it. 3 demonstrations of the truth of the
day of judgment ; and a word of use to 2 sorts, etc.

After sermon we went to Session and heard a mutual com-
plaint betwixt Patrick Kello and Ja. Nisbitt for swearing and
striking. We gave out some money to some poore in neces-
sitie, and appointed the collection for the schoole upon
Munday.

Therafter I cam home and dyned w* my wife, and after
denner I walked a whyle in the feilds, being somq* drowsie,
and then I wrot a letter to Culterallers, offering to come any
day of this week to wait upon his bussiness. About 4 acloak
M'^ Ro* Broun and Gilbert Broun cam to me and stayed all
nyt. He told me that Humphrey Calquhoun was come home
in very good condition, and that my sister was weel. After
I had conferred a long time w* them, I retired myself, and
then M"^ Ro* did dutic in the familie, and so we sup()ed and
to bed.



174 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [26 OCT.

This was a tollerable day but somq* raving.
A great wind all day after nighfs raine.

27, Thursday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning after I was readie,
M^ Ro* Broun and Gilbert and I did breakfast together,
therafter I went up to Bigger kirk, and heard M^ Jo^ Craufurd
have his common head de notis verce ecclesios from Math. 28.
19; Marc 16. 19. The method proposed in 7 particulars,
viz^. who is the adversarie, explaine the question, state it,
clear the affirmative, confirm it, refute the negative, and give
the use ; diverse definition of kirk, 3 considerations anent
it. Diverse acceptations of the word, note : 3 marks of the
trew kirk proven, viz^, word, sacraments and discipline ;
severall arguments proving each one of thes notes. 15 notes
of the trew church given by papists, all refuted save 2 :
Univei-salitie, antiquitie, duration, multitude, succession, con-
sent of doctrine, union, sanctity of doctrine, efficacy of it,
holiness of authors, miracles, prophecie, confessions of adver-
saries, destruction of enemyes, and temporal felicitie, 4 uses,
etc.

After sermon we went to Presbrie, we approved ane letter
which I had drawen to be sent to Kirkcudbright Presbrie and
to registrat it ; we did read the overture of union from FyfFe ;
we appointed som, q^'of I am one, to confer w* the ministers
of Ed'* anent union. We went about our privat censures,
and appointed M^ Alex^ Pethan to preach this day 20 dayes.

Therafter we went to denner and wer harmonious. I
resaived a letter this day from M^ W°^ Dicksone, desireing me
to plead for exemption to him fra the Presbry. I thot good
only to get ane act excusing former absence. I got another
letter from Slipperfeild to come to his wifes buriall on Satur-
day at 9 a'cloak. Therafter I cam home and retired myself
in secret, and then went to familie exercise, and so to supper.

A prettie good day, I blisse the Lord.

A very fair, seasonable day.

28 Octobr., Friday, 7 a^loak. — This morning after I was
ready, I resaved 2 letters from my brother, shewing me that
the tennents of Deuchar had no money, and wold not get any



i659] SLIPPERFIELD^S WIFKS BURIAL 175

till Mertinmes nixt, also desireing me to deal with S'* Jo^
Chieslie to come into Ed' this next week to speak with my
lord Tweddall in the business betwixt us and Smythfeild,
thereafter I wrote ane ans' thereof unto my brother. After
breakfast I went to Bigger, being the fair day, and spok
with some people in the fair, and bought a cow for slaughter
from a man in Hartrie, and gave 18 libs. Scots for the same,
and thereafter cam doun againe w* my wife. I heard this
day that M' Alex'^ Dicksone was transported from Kirkurd to
Athelstane, and Andrew Brown desired me to deal with
Kirkurd to give a call to M'^ Jo. Donaldson.

My wife and I dyned alone w* the children, and then I
wrote a letter to Alex'' Forrest, that he may move the
tennents of Threipwood to bring up their last half yers rent
preceding Mertinmes 1658, or els I would persew for all.

In the afternoone Jo^ Hay cam to me and desired me to
cans my brother give him his band which he had for 250
merks. I told him I wold not meddle betwixt my brother
and him ; severall other Tweddall folk cam to me as they
pased by. I did read the rest of the afternoone upon Gee
of Magistracy, cap. 3, concerning the voice or declarative use
of divine providence, and at ny* I retired myself to dutie in
secret and in the familie.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse God.

A fair, windy day, and dry.

29, Saturnday, 7 aclodk. — This morning after I was ready
and had taken my breakfast, I went to Bigger, and M' Alex'
Lev. and I went together to Slipperfeild to his wifes buriall.
M' Alex' told me be the way how ernest ane invitation he
had gotten to Dalserff to be minister, and that they had con-
strained him to tak it to advysement. We cam to Slipper-
feild about 10 a'cloak, and stayed ther till 12 ho" before
the cor pes were lifted.

Then I went w^ my brother, who gave me 40 libs, of
Dcuchar money from Ja. Tod and Jo'^ Weddell, being the full
of their maill. He desired me also to go to S' Jo" on
Monday and pursuade him to go to my Lord Tweddall the
next week therafter. This day I heanl the Councell of officers



176 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [29 OCT.

at London had chosen 10 to manage all affairs, viz*., Fleet-
wood, Lambert, Whitlock, Sydnham, Galloway, S. H. Vaine
Waristoun, etc., and that they had sent doun Coll Cobbett
to succeed to Monck, whom he had imprisoned, and that
Monck was to march horse and foot to England the nixt
week.

About 1 a'cloak I cam to Lintoun w* the corps, and
thereafter took leave and cam home w* my neighbors. After
I cam home I retired myself to my weekly search, and found
that the Lord had convoyed me very favorablie through my
affairs in this week, but that my heart for the most part has
been carnall. I am convinced that thes sad tyms call me to
more closse walking, which I do purpose in the strenth of the
Lord and to be more about the search of my oune heart than
ever I have been.

This day was somq* raving, but had a sweet close.

A fair, seasonable day.

30 October, The Lords day, d cloak. — This morning,

after I was ready, and had done dutie in the family, I went to
Bigger Kirk, and heard M^ Alex^ Lev. lecture on Lev. 14.
In cap. 2 things, directions anent cureing a leprosie in per-
sones and cleansing houses therof. In genii, obs. that as the
Lord loves discoveries of uncleannes both of soule and body,
so he loves to prescribe means to heall both. 2° That its
the Lord only that can heall all spirituall diseases. Anent
the preist's visiting, obs. That its comfortable to a soule to
have the great high preist come and mak a visite. 4 con-
siderations upon the means appointed for healing and qt
is imported by the same. From its being in Canaan, obs.
Non ought to promise to themselves all ease hereaway, etc.

He preached on Math. 5. 10. By kingdome of heaven is
understood either grace or glory. Obs. that it 's unquestion-
able blissednes to have interest and title to the kingdome of
heaven, proven from scripture upon the accompt of persecu-
tion. 3 reasons of it : nothing out of heaven can mak happy,
all in heaven tends to happines, and heaven is that qrby we
measur all vyr happines. 3 things in merchandes recom-
mended for making this bargane, ane honest partie, a good



1 659] PURCHASE OF CRAIGNETHAM 177

pennyworth, and vendible commodities, all which are by
getting heaven, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Revel. 2. 1, 9. In this
Epistle to Ephesus 3 things : the persones, the epistle, and
the conclusion. The person commissionating described in 3.
0«s. that it is Christs invincible pour that menteins officers
in his hous to bring in soules. v. 2. that God knows all the
secret drifts and designes of our hearts. 5 things commended
in thes Ephesians. Obs. that Christ taks notice of the least
peec of service y* is done to him. v. 4. that nothing is more
becoming a christian nor to wink at faults. God's method
of dealing in 3, remember, repent, and amend, v. 7. all yt
hear warnings should profite, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5, 10. Several objections
answered anent folks endeavouring for the kingdome of heaven.
7 directions how to cary under persecution in order to getting
heaven : suffer reproch, study fear of God, love to Christ,
exercise of faith, love the King, be upon the way, and to
walk suitablie. v. 11. obs. that the followers of Christ
may lay their accompt to meet with the malice of the
tongue, etc.

After sermons I cam home and retired myself to dutie in
secret, and then went about the explication of the Catechism,

I found this a very blissed day, especially at ny*.

A seasonable, fair, louring day.

31, Muiulay, 6-7 a'cloak. — This morning after I was ready
and had breakfast, I took my horse and went over to Kers-
well anent the business my brother recommended to me. I
spoke w* S' Jo", and dealt with him to go to my lord
Tweddall and bes])eak him in that particular, but he being
preingadgcd this week and the nixt, he promised upon adver-
tisement to speak w* him ; and also desired me to move mv
brother to close that business with my l^dy Dutchesse, or
els it will be exceedinglic to my loss and my brothel's also.
Thereafter S'^ Jo" and I conferred anent the union, and
found severall things unsure in the overtures that came from
Fiffe, especially the last article and the article concerning the

M



178 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [31 OCT.

censured brethren, so I resolved to have our letter to Kirk-
cudbright mended in that particular.

This day I read Waristoun's letters, which informed me
that ther are 23 of a Councell chosen by the army to govern
till the next Parlia*, q^of he is one chosen without a con-
trarie vote. I hear that k. Charles is gone to Madrid, and
from thence is to go to Rome, and the 2 Crowns are to do
for him, provyding that he give satisfactione to the pope
ther. I heard also that Massie and Titus fear the service
hook, and my lord Lermont is turned papist, that the
marriage betwixt France and Spain is delayed till March
next, etc. After I parted with S'^ Jo^ I cam straight home
againe, and wrote a letter to my brother concerning my
conference at Kerswell, and therafter retired myself to my
chamber and so to familie exercise and supper.

I found this a toUerable good day.

A very faire, seasonable day.



1 NovemlT^ Tzvysday^ 4 a'cloak. — This morning after I
was ready M^ Alex'^ Lev: cam doun to me and we went away
together toward Ed'^ to the Synod. We went to Skirling,
and missing M*" Jo. Greg we followed, but went wrong among
the hills ner 2 houers, and at lenth fell doun upon Nether-
urd, and cam to Ed^ about 2 acloak. After I cam I heard
M"^ Ro^ Douglas was Moderator with some opposi*^^ made be
M^ Jo. Smyth. Thereafter I dyned w^ M'^ Ja. Donaldsone
and M^ An* Murray. I resaved a letter from the lady
Humbie, shewing me she was to come away Oct. 24, ther-
after I resaved another from her desireing me to meet her
and to go to Gradouns house and see her sister Helen, and
there wait for her coming to Berwick. At 4 acloak I went
into the Synod and heard the several 1 Correspondents present
their desires for ane union, viz. fra FifFe M'^ Wood and Doc*
Colvin, fra Perth M'' Rob* Young, fra Glasgow M^ W°^ Adair
and M^ Alex^ Nisbet, fra Galloway M^ Semple, M^ Jo.
M'Michell, and M^ Jo^ Duncan, fra Dumfreis M^ Sam Austin
and M^ Ja. Brotherstaines, and fra Merce M^ W°^ Galbraith.
The wholl matter was referred to a Committee. Therafter



1 559] SYNOD AT EDINBURGH 179

the books of Ed'* and Bigger was approver! and the testimony
against tollera^"^ allowed.

After the Synod I went home to my sisters and did not
suppe annie, but retired my self.

This was a day of wandering both in that and utherways.

Raine till noon, therafter fair.



2, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning, being in Ed'",
after I was ready I delivered to Jo^ Young 48 lib., viz. 28
lib. for Ja. Robisone and 20 lib. for Ja. Rae in Skirling for
10 bolls and a furlot of oats, therafter I went abroad and
heard that my L. Wariston was made president of the Com-
mittee of Saftie appointed by the Councell of Officers, and
that Col. Talbot and Doct^ Clergy wer come doun to treat
with the Generall, and that the gen. had taken Newcastle.
Therafter I cam home and wrote all newes of the Synod to
Sir Jo^ Cheislie.

In the fornoone I went into the Synod and heard some
more Presbrie books examined, and therafter M^ Ged. Pen-
mans bussiness was handled, and some endeavours used to have
me removed, but I wold not doe it. They concluded to remit
him to a Committee, with power to close his processe and open
his mouth, provyding he gave the Committee satisfaction for
mainteining a helper. I dyned with M^ Guthrie^ and 12
more brethren, and we did read a draught of a paper upon
qt grounds we would unite together drawen by M"^ Guthrie.
At night we cam to the Synod, and ther the appeal 1 of the
Presbrie of Biggar was susteined and iVI^ Ro^ Broun of Brough-
toun transported to Lyne and ordained to remove betwixt
and Candlemasse, no man appearing to hold him but the
Presbrie of Biggar.

Therafter I went out and supped witli M"^ Lermonth and
his wife, and so came home to my chamber.

This was but a sad and distemj)ered day.

Fair and dry all day.



* Mr. James (aithrie, the leader of the protesters in the church, and who
executed on isl June l66l.



180 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [3 Nov

3 NovemV^ Thursday, 7 cCclodk. — This morning, being in
Ed^, after I was readie I went abroad and bought a bible and
a bonnet to my sone and M'^ Cummings book and M^ W"^
Guthries book to myself; therafter I spok w* Pat Murray,
who was content that my brother should dispone to me the
lands of Deuchar, and that I should give him security for his
money. Then I caused dresse my silver hat-band.

At 10 acloak I went into the Synod, and the books of
Haddingtoun and Dunbar wer examined. M^ Jo. Sinclar
protested against M'^ And. M'Gie for not making a satis-
factorie accompt for 300 merks of poor money. The Com-
mittee of the last Synod wer approven anent M'" W°^
Calderwood and anent M^ Ged. Penman.

I dyned with the brethren of Lithgow and Bigger, and
thereafter we met all at M'^ Guthries chamber and debated
the paper which was to be presented as the materialls for
union on our part, and so cam into the Synod at 4 acloak,
wher we had a long debate concerning the appeall against
M'^ Alex^ Dicksones transportation from Kirkurd to Edle-
stoun, and after much reasoning in it we concluded to appoint
a Committee to endeavor to persuade Kirkurd folk to part
with their minister. After the Synod I went with some
brethren and supped with them in Ro* Lermonths house,
and I gave them some new wyne : therafter I went home to
my chamber.

This was a tollerable day, but I was sad.

Fair till noone, therafter rainie.

4, Fryday, 7 a'cloaJc. — This morning after I was readie I
directed a letter away to my wyffe, and then went abroad and
heard the Gen. sent up 3 Commissioners, vizt., Tim Wilks,
Lent. Col. Clobery, and Major Knight, to treat ; the Pro vest
told me also he had gotten a pacquet to the Gen^^ and
another to the Judges for the Sessioun to sitt subscribed be
Waristoun, President of the Councell at London.

I went into the Synod, where we agreed on ane act for the
fundatioun of ane union ; it was opposed by some of the most
disaffected ministers, and yet was at lenth concluded unani-
mouslie. The paper is very gen^^, free from imposing on the



1 65 9] DINED WITH LORD PROVOST 181

judgements of any partie, but as it wer remitting all to the
tryell of ministers practises. In a word, it is bygaines are
bygaines and fair play in tyme to come, and so we dissolved
the Synod. After the Synod I went and dyned with my
Lord Provest, who was very kynd to me, and desyred me to
sound W°^ Thomsone if he could doe anything for payment
of the Provests debt at this time, but I waived it a little.
Therafter I cam up to my lodging and bespok some lint for
my wyffe, and took my leave of my sister, and about 3 acloak
took my horse and cam to Humbie qn it was very dark, being
neer 7. Therafter I spok a -litle with M'*^ Gray, and then
went to familie exercise, wher the Lord gave me good allow-
ance, and so I went to supper and therafter retired myself to
my chamber.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse God.

Fair and windy all day.

5 NovemV, Saturday, 7 a''cloak. — This morning, being in
Humbie, after I was readie I took my horse and M"^ W^"
Thomsone w* me, and went toward Berwick to meet the Lady
Humby according to the advertisement I had gotten from
her. We went be Ridlaw, and ther I met with my brother
coming from Bothens, who told me that he had been with
my L. Tweddall all night, that he had taken kindly with him,
that he had promised to be very newtrall in the business of
Smeithfeild, and that he desired to meet with S"* Jo^ Cheislie
y^anent. I advysed my brother to write to S'^ Jo. and also
to imploy him in the bussiness betwixt the Lady Dutchesse of
Hamiltoun and my broy^ both which he promised to doe.

Therafter I went on upon my way be Yester and over the
hills, and so be Langtoun and cam to Swintoun qn it was very
late, and ther I hyrcd a guyd to convoy us to Gradoun, qr I
cam about 7 acloak at night. I was made very welcome by
the laird and the lady, and went through their hous and saw
it all, and then cam doune again to su})per. I find here that
the lairds mother is ane anabaptist and a great interteiner of
quakers, and is lik to be a snare to thes young folk, if God
prevent it not.

After suj)per I did read a litle upon a litle lK)ok written



182 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [5 NOV.

by M^ Hobs de corpore politica, and then I went to bed
after I had retired myself a while in my chamber upon my
weeklie search.

This was a tollerable good day.

A fair, cold, dry day.

6, The Lords day, 4 a'cloak. — This morning being in
Gradoun after I was ready and had breakfasted we took
horse and went be Norham to Berwick to sermon. I went
to the High Church and heard M^ W"^ Meinne, minister at
Tweedmouth, preach on Heb. 2. S. Obs. 1, That albeit there
be a salvatioun holdin out to a people yet a great many
neglect it. Obs. 2, That such as neglect this great salvation
fall into inevitable ruine. 1° becaus they are naked. 2° has
a strong partie. 3^ Stand on ane unsure foundation. 4*^
becaus they slight the remedy. 4 things demonstrated : the
greivousness of this destruction, its totall, it is in double
measure, it hes tormenting ingredients, and it is of long con-
tinuance. Obs. 3, that it's a great salvation that is the
portion of the Lords people. 4 reasons of it : it's devysed by
a great one, ifs purchased at a dear rate, it saves fra great
hazards, and it maks us sharers of great things. 4 great
things from which he delivereth us, etc.

I went and dined at M'^ Coyner's house, at ane ordinary w*
the Laird of Gradoun, and cam agane to the church in the
afternoone and heard M'^ Collins, Inglish preacher at Ed'",
preach on Math. 12-20. In the text 2 things, the state of
the persones Christ deals with, and his administratioun to
them. Obs. that the Lord Jesus is very tender of the very
initialls of grace in his people. Obs. 2, that bruised reeds
and only such the Lord Jesus comes to bind up in the
ghospell. 2 wayes of Gods bruising : by affliction and by the
sense of sin ; this bruising is described from the author,
the subject, the matter, and the maner of it. This work is

3 fold : its free, sincere, and self-condemned. 3 motives of
this bruising : the law of God, the love of God, and the crosse
of Christ. 3 motives to humility, hereby we shall not be
loosers either in surenes, season, or measure of our comforts.

4 marks of evangellicall bruising. It quarrel Is not w* God,



i659] VISIT TO BERWICK 183

it lovs convictions, it ""s accompanyed w* vj^ graces, it ""s most
troubled with unbelefe. 2 cautions to be noted in God's
bruising sinners, etc.

After sermons I went to my lodging at M^ Coyner's his
house, and spok w* M'^ Ward, who told me that Lady Hum by
was at Morpeth. Therafter I retired myself to secret dutie,
and so we supped.

I found this day my spirit somqt. distempered, yet a good day.

Cold, and raine afternoone.



7 Novemlf, Munday^ 7 CLclodk. — This morning being in
Berwick after I was ready, becaus the Lady Humbie was not
yet come, Gradoun and M'^ W"^ Thomsone and I walked round
about upon the wall head of Berwick. I observed many iron
guns upon the walls but only 1 brasse gun. Therafter we
walked to the key and to the Bridg and cam in againe.

I heard this day that Gen. Monk's men were marched no
further nor than Anwick, and that Col. Lilburne with several!


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 18 of 28)