Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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troups of the army had possessed himself of Newcastle and
Tyn mouth Castle, and that they keeped both good guards, but
non of them cam neer to another. I see S^ W°^ Selby his
hous in Berwick making readie for my Lady Munk to lodge
in all winter.

About 12 a'cloak we dyned at our lodging hous in M'
Conyers at the Common Wealth Amies, and therafter I went to
the Schoole and to Katherin Maxwell's chamber to have seen
her and her sone, but they wer not wMn. It is a new built
Schoole — M^ Web is master. Then we payed our reckoning,
being very dear : Gradoun and I payed half and half, and so we
took our hors and cam away to Gradoun. I left a letter with
M"^ Ogle to the Lady Humbie q" she comes to Berwick, desiring
her to come to Gradoun. We cam to Gradoun againe towards
evening. Ther I met with the lady Craigie, whom I find
very sharp but exceeding pervei*sc in her opinion of ana-
baptisme. After supper I retired to mv chamber and to

This was but ane idle, jacking dav.

Cold and haill afternoone.


8, Tivysday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning being in Gradoun,
after I was ready I did read upon the history of K. Henry 7*^,
written be S*" Francis Bacon. How being Earle of Richmond
he wan Bosworthfeild, and was proclaimed king in the feilds,
and was therafter crouned at Westminster. How he made
use of his 3 fold title to the Croun in the Parlia* as Henrie
of Lancaster and husband to Elizabeth, eldest daughter to
Edward 4*^, and also by his conquest, but leaned most to his
oune blood and title, etc. At denner M'^ Ure, Minister of
Norham, and his wife cam in and dyned with us. He told me
that the present pouers wer about to abolish tyths and leav
the ministry unprovided. After dinner the lady Craigie and
I did reason a long tyme concerning anabaptisme, but she fell
out in unsound and blasphemous expressions, alledging y* the
scripture warranded contradictions, citing that place of eating
and not eating for conscience sake. Therafter cam Jo^ Hume
of Kello, who told us that Monk's men wer melting away
some above 12 or 15 in one troup, and that he heard
Lambert was coming doun. We sent a man to Berwick to
wait on the lady Humbie.

In the evening I did read on Bacon's story of Henry 7*^,
and finds him a most wise and fortunat prince, and how
Perkin Warbeck molested the king as representing Richard 2<i,
sone to Edward 4^^, etc. Therafter I went to supper, and so
to my chamber a whyle and retired.

This was a sad day and idle also.

Raine and haill most p*.

9 NovemV, Wednesday, 7 cCclodk. — This morning being in
Gradoun, after I was readie I did read out the story of
Henry 7, and finds it weel written and the laws of thes tymes
weel remarked. He reigned 23 yers and maryed his eldest
daughter upon James 4 King of Scotland, and dyed excessive

At breakfast the lady Humbie came to Gradoun, having
been in Cornwall all night. She had come from York upon
horsback. I found her prettie well recovered in her health,
and she was very kind and respective ; therafter she and
I withdrew and prayed together, wher the Lord allowed me


much outletting. I spent the wholl fornoone with her. She
told me she had spent 300 lib. ster., having bought many
things. She told me it was weel for Scotland this Parlia^
was raised, becaus they looked on us as a conquered province.
That my L. Lambert was likelie to cary anything he pleased
in the army and so in the State. That her father was hoples
of good to Scotland from either partie, etc.

We dyned late. After denner I made the Lady Humble
ane accompt of all her bussiness how it went since she went
away, and wrot a letter for her to Ro* Andrew at Newcastle
how all things went in Scotland. Therafter the lady and I
communed together a long tyme anent q* was expedient to be
done after her homcoming. Therafter I went to supper,
where we had too great abundance. Then I retired, and did
read on Hops j^racticks after I was in bed.

Ane unfruitful day, yet a blink I had.

A very foul day of raine and haill.

10, Thursday, 7 cicloali. — This morning being in Gradoun
after I was readie I did read the declaration of the Councell
of officers who now have the Gov^ in their hands, wherin
is tolleration promised and the taking away of tyths, which
is lik to be destructive to religioun. Therafter we went to
breakfast, and so took hors and cam away. I caryed the
lady Humbie behind me y* I might speak with her all the
way. We cam be Eccles and Stitchell, and at lenth cam to
Mellerstane, wher we met with Jerviswood, who took us in and
we took a drink with him. It is ane old melancholick hous
that had had great buildings about it. He cam with us to
Lauder at night. By the way the lady told me how at
present ther wer women that preached publickly every week
in the chappell at Whythall. How the City of London are
decayed in ther religioun, y* the sabbath is not observed, but
merchandise is made on that day ; that S' Hen. Vaine and
Major Galloway do preach every sabbath day in tlieir own
houses, etc., which maks me fear judgment to be coming on
that land. We cam to Lauder after it was dark, and ther
met M*" Ro*' Symsone com post from London. I did read
a litle book called the plots of Jesuits for overturning pro-


testant religion and another solid peice containing overtures
for union among the churches of the 3 nations, both which he
brought from London with him. Therafter we supped and
so we retired to our chambers.

This was no ill day, I blisse the Lord.

A very rainie day.

11 Novemlf\ Fryday^ 6 a cloak. — This morning being in
Lauder after I was readie I went to breakfast w* Jerviswood
and Gradoun, and therafter I cam away w* the lady Humbie
and took leav of them. I conferred by the way with the lady,
and found she had spent 300 lib. sterl. upon her journey
to the Bath. I thought it was too much money, but was
glade she had recovered her health. We cam to Humbie
about 12 a cloak, and found the child and all freinds in good
health, blissed be the Lord.

Therafter we went to denner, and the laird of Keith and
the lady and M^ Ja. Calderwood cam to us. After denner
I talked a whyle with M'^ Ja., who told me that all Munks
troups wer come eastward toward England and wer lying in
the thrie Lothians, and that the Gen^^ was very resolut to
fight upon the grounds he had layed doune.

After they wer gone, I delivered all the keys and resigned
all the trust which the lady had given me at her way-going
unto herself againe, and so I accompted myself weel acquitted.

Toward night she and I conferred together a long time
concerning the sad condition of her fathers familie, and how
in makin his last will he had only left to his 4 youngest
children 4 thousand merks, and that the money on Redhall
was M^ Brands except 8000 merks, and how he intended to
com sune and leav his lady to agent his bussiness. So I
supped non but took a drink and so retired.

This was a good day, I blisse the Lord.

Frost all day and snow at night.

12, Saturnday, 7 a'cloak. — -This morning after I was ready,
being in Humbie, I resolved to go home, but much snow being-
fallen in the night I durst not venture, and the lady would
not let me go. After I had breakfast she took me to her


study and shewed me her trunks which she had brought from
London and q* cloaths she had bought, being all mourning,
besydes some coats for her oune daughter and her sisters,
besyds som very good peuter vessell very cheap.

Afterward I dyned with the lady, and Alex^ Borthwick cam
to her, and told us how sad a condition the tenents wer in
becaus of the scarcitie of the last crop, and that it was lik
she wold get som roumes in her oune hand. Therafter I did
read a while upon Davila in Inglish, which belongs to my
lord Tweddal. Then the lady and I talked a long tym, and
she told me all the particular way of the Bath. I was only
disatisfyed that men and women sat together in one bath,
and I found also that it was a very chargable thing to go
about that cure. Toward night I retired myself to my weekly
search, and found that the Lord had very graciously protected
me through my journeys this week, and had allowed me also
some blinks of his presence in dutie, for which I blisse his
name; but that I had walked somq* loosely in my communi-
cations, for which I beg his pardon. Therafter I went to
dutie in family and had some allowance, and so retired.

This was ane idle day to me. Lord pardon.

Snow all nyt and frost all day.

13 Nov'', The Lords day, 7 a cloak. — This morning being
in Humbie, after I was ready and gone about family dutie I
went w' the lady to the Kirk, and heard M^ Ja. Calderwood
lecture on Rom. 1.1-12. In the cap. ther is a preface and
the mane proposition. The penman described from 3 things.
Ojjs. that gifts and parts mak not men ministers, unles they
be called of God, v, 2. obs. that the doctrine of theghospell
is no new thing, v. 3. that Jesus Christ is the subject nnitter
of the scriptures, v. 5. that ministers are a gift freely given
of God to his church. 2° that the free grace of God lights
oftenest on the most unworthie. i'. 7. ohs. 1, that bclievei*s
are dear to Christ. 2° that God's free love is the cause of
all the saints mercies. 3** that grace calls us to be saints.
4^ that (iod's favour is to be sought in the first })Iace and
outward things in the 2**, etc.


Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 11. Obs. that God is
good and faithful! who tells his followers of the worst things
they meet w*. 2° that wicked men have ever keenest hatred
against faithfull ministers. Obs. 3, that we ought to apply
the promises to ourselves if we wold have comfort in the day
of adversity. 4 considerations to clear this point ; 3 uses,
and 3 marks to try if we have interest in the promises and
may apply them. 5 directions anent applying the promises.
Mak a catalogue of them, study interest in the great promise
Christ, apply absolut promises if you can not conervall promises,
pray for light, and learne to look up qn you darr not apply, etc.
In the afternoone he preached on the 8*^ Command, Exod.
20. 15. The things required in this precept are 1° liberality,
2° all means tending to it as contentedness of mind. S^
that men should be diligent in the stations qrn God has
placed ym. S^ a sober use of that which they gane. 4^
liberality both to ourselves and uthers. 5° restitution of
goods unlawly purchased. 5 motivs to the dutie of equity and
justice. 1° It's a part of Gods image. 2° without this your
service to God is nought. S^ heerby yow honour God. 4°
heerby you are safFe in evil times, and 5^ many excellent
things are spoken of it.

After sermons I went home w* the lady and retired myself.
The child Helen took a sore fitt of a colic. It troubled us
but the Lord heard us for her. Therafter we went to familie
dutie, and so to supper and prayed after.

This was a good day. Blissed be the Lord for it.

Frost in the morning, therafter raine.

14, Mwida?/, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was ready I did read a litle upon Davila his historie
of the civill warrs of France concerning Henry 3, his causing
murther Charles and Henry, 2 brothers, duke of Guyse and
Cardinal! of Lorraine at the assemblie of the states at Blois
and his imprisoning the rest of the heads of the League.

Therafter I took breakfast w* the lady and resaved som
directiouns from her to send som silver plate out of her trunk
in Ed"" to Humbie, and after prayer I parted w* her and cam
to Ed*" about 2 acloak. In the afternoone I met with Doc^


Purves, who told me that ther wer 4 Commissioners com to
Ed"", viz. Whaley and Crosse, and 2 ministers, Caryll ^ and
Baker, to signify to the army the Submissiouns of the Inde-
pendent Churches to the army in Ingland ; I heard also that
Lambert is this night in Newcastle, having com doun post, and
some regiments are following him. Therafter I met w*^ Pat
Murray, who desirs me to get the same right my brother has
to Deuchar and he shall tak the same right from me that he
has from my brother and give my brother his band back. I
was also informed that the elections through all the shyres
for the meeting tomorrow at Ed*" was of the royall partie and
noblemen for the most part.

Therafter I went to the stationers, and bought Da. Fer-
gusons Scots Proverbs ^ and viewed som uther books about ane
hour, and so I cam to my chamber in my good-broy*^^ hous,
wher I supped and was in a very sad humour and after dutie
I went to my bed.

This was a sad and idle day to me.

A fair, louring day.

15 NovemV, Tivysday, 1 a'cloak.— This morning being in
Ed"" after I was ready I dispatched a letter to the lady Humbie
and acquainted her of M*^^ Brands craving her for money
borrowed, and I delivered all the things to her servant Thomas
Pait. Therafter M"^ W°^ Cheislie cam to me and caryed me
to his chamber, wher I saw his cusign Jon. Chieslie ^ and a
Polish bed which he lay in. I cam up the way and spok with
Hew M*Cullo anent 8 moneths cesse of Crightoun whereof I
sent word to pay it.

I did read ane ans' of the army of Ingland to the officei*s
in Scotland y' letter dated at Linlithgow and the Scots
officers reply to the said ans"", both which are full of scripture
and very fair pretences. Therafter I did breakfast with my
good-brother and took leave.

Mr. Caryl was one of the divines of the Westminster Assembly. He was
noted as a preacher and author of the vohiminous Treatise on the Book of Job.

^ The compiler of the Scots Proverbs was Mr. David Ferguson, minister at

=' Probably John Chieslie of Dairy, who murdered President Lockhart.


Betwixt 10 and 11 acloak I took my horse and cam away
homeward. By the way I found my heart very barren and un-
faithful! in meditations. I found much sadness upon my spirit ;
and came at length to Dolphintoun, wher I stayed neer ane
hour. The laird was gone to Lanerick to a tryst w^ Westraw.

I cam home about 5 acloak at night and sent for Jon
Callender and spok with him anent his going to Humbie ;
therafter I resaved a letter from M"^ Tho. Laurie and a lone
of 3 books, Montanus, Clerks examples, and Buxtorffs lexicon.
I resaved another letter from my brother desiring me to move
S"* Jo^ to go to Bothans. I found my family in good health,
I blisse the Lord, my wife only was unweel, so I went to dutie
secret and privat.

This was no ill day, I blisse the Lord.

A sore day of raine and wind.

16, Wednesday, 8 cC cloak. — This morning after I was ready
having lyen long becaus of my wearyness yesternight, I did put
compts and things in order within the hous. After breakfast
I did read upon Clerks examples, becaus I had only gotten a
loane of them for one moneth, concerning abstinencie and
temperance and sobrietie in meats, drinks, apparell, riches,
and houshold furniture : 39 examples. Then 48 examples
of Gods judgments upon whormongers and adulterers, then
severall miracles of Gods mercies in afflicting his children, and
of some that have been grievouslie afflicted in consequence,
and yet have afterward been comforted, such as M^^ Bretterg,
M'^ Pencock, and ]VP Glover and uthers.

I dyned alone with my wife who was somq* eased of her
paine to-day, and spent the afternoone on reading on Clarks
examples, how angells have been imployed by God for in-
structing, prospering, comforting, and protecting his people
and for destroying their enemys. And some examples of
anger, wrath, malice, hatred, reviling, and enmity. Also
some examples of Gods judgment upon apostates and back-
slyders, wherof he maks up ane list of 44. Together w*
13 examples of apparitions and Satanicall delusions, especiallie
thes a litle befor K. James 5 of Scotland's death y* appeared
to him. Toward night I retired myself in secret and went


about my dutie, q^in I found my heart heavie and somq*

This day was prettie free of outward temptations.

A great raine till neer night.

17 NovemV^ Thursday, 7 a'cloalc. — This morning after I was
ready, and had taken my breakfast, I went up to Bigger to
hear M"* Alex'^ Pethan have his popular sermon. He preached
on Coloss. 2. 12, in the text 5 things, a gen" propos", the
beleivers resurrection, the , the working cause and a

special act of pouer. Obs. 1, that baptism e cometh in place
of circumcision, 2° that such as are engrafted in Chi-ist are
made one w* him in his death and burial, 3^ that the baptised
in Christ are constantly bound to mortificatioun, 4*^ that
baptisme is ane efFecacious thing through a wholl belivei*s life.
From the uther p* of the text, viz* the belivers resurrection,
Obs. 1, that whosoever are baptised w* Christ are raised again
w* him, 9P that belivers union with Christ is so neer that they
are said to doe and suffer q*^ he did and suffered, 3° that its
through Christs resurrection belivers are raised, 4^ that trew
faith is wrought in belivers by the mightie pouer of God, 5**
that belivers in their approches to God will eye that in God
which sutes most to their purpose in hand, etc.

After sermon I went into the Presbitery, wher we appointed
a Committee for the lady Queensberrys bussincss, on Mundav
next, q^'of I am one. We appointed 2 to joine with Covintoun
Sessioun anent Muirhouse liis bussincss ; we elected M"^ Arch.
Porteous ^ Moderator for the half yer to come, and appointed
som to go to Ed"" anent M"^ Phin his bussincss the first thursdav
of Decemb'", q''of I am one. Vafter I went to denner w' the
brethren. We did comunicat all occurences, and I am appointed
this day 4 weeks to attend the appreciation of the manse of
Rroughtoun. Vafter I cam home and went about dutie.

This was a tollerable day to me.

Fair and sonuj* frostie.

* Archibald Porteous, A.M., graduated at St. Andrews in 1646. He was
ordained minister of Covington in 1652. He took an active part in the doings
of the protesters, for which he was deposed from his charge, Qih May i66t. He
was appointed by Principal Samuel Rutherford one of the tutors pf his children.


18, Fryday, 1 a'cloak. — This night at midnight I was sent
for to come to my sister Jonet, who was in very hard labour.
I cam ther befor 3, about which tyme she was brought to bed
of one daughter, and about 3 q'"ters of ane hour therafter, of
another daughter, but the second one did stick so long, and she
was in so great paine as we did greatlie fear her life was in
hasard, yet it pleased the Lord she was layed up about 5 hours.
M"* Arch. Porteous and M^" Ro* and I did all pray. I stayed
ther till it was past 8 hours, and then came home w* my wife

After I retired I did read all day upon Clarks examples.
1° of Gods judgments upon astrologers, witches, conjurors, and
enchanters, 2<^ upon atheists, 3^ of back byting, detraction, and
slandering, 4^ examples of blasphemies and blasphemers, and
Gods judgments upon them, 5^ examples of bountie, liberalitie,
and munificence, 6^ examples of brethren's love each to uther,
and of brethren unaturall, 7** examples of briberie, oppression
and injustice, 8° of callings and trades, 9° Gods judgments
on card players and dyce players, 10° of carnal confidence, of
charitie, of chastitie, 11° of childrens education by parents and
schoolem*"^ 12° of childrens love and obedience to their parents.

I resaved fra M"^ Ja. Crawfurd ane copie of the act of the
Synod of Glasgow upon our act for union. Therafter I mett
anent the contribut" for the schoole of Bigger, and I gave 10
sh. sterl. to it. At night I retired myself a whyle, and then
I supped soon, being sleepie, and went to bed.

This was a good day, I blisse God for it.

A great frost till neer night.

19 Novemb% Saturnday, 8 a'cloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went to Bigger and spok w* some people. I heard by
a letter from Ro* Murray that S"* Dan. Carmichaell and he hes
neer endit the bargaine for Skirling. I resaved a letter from
my brother to perswade S"^ Jo. Cheislie to go to Bothanes the
nixt week. I wrot him ane ans% and also sent him 22 lib. 17
sh. dew be Tho. Reid in Dalkeith to James Greive in Newbie,
for which I have bound myself to get ane discharge. I sought
for som beer, but finds it very deer.

I cam doun again to denner. M"" Ro* Broun sent for me to


come over tomorrow to the baptisme of his children. Ther-
after Dolphinton lighted and dyned w* me, having com from
Graufurd. He told me Corhouse challenged me for unkyndnes.
I told him Kirkurd had been in this house yesterday but he
had done nothing for his sister Barbara, notwithstanding of
all his fair promises : he desyred me also to draw a note of
my advyce in q* terms he should leave his estate to his broy"
sone. I promised to speak w* S** Jo" in it.

After he was gone I went about my weekly search, and found
indeed the Lord had beene very kind to me through this week ;
that I had been somq* idle, which I purpose in his strenth to
amend in tyme coming. I find also I have had some blinks
of his presence in publick duty, but some dryness in secret. The
Lord help me to find out the cause therof and mourne for it.
Afterward I did read a whyle, and then to familie and secret
work, and so the Lord comfortablie closed the night and week.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse God.

A louring, soft day.

20, The Lords day, 7 cCcloak. — This morning after T was ready
and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger Kirk and heard
M** Alex*^ Lev. lecture on Lev. 29 cap. 3 pts. 1° the preface,
2° Some laws about uncleannes, 3** motivs to holines and to
bewar of uncleanes. v. 1. Obs. the minding of the cov* is a
great bond upon religious persones for its to doe duties of
holines. v. 3. That it's a dangerous thing to follow an ill
example, v. 4. That the most high can give right names and
titles to persones and things, v. 6. etc. That its dangerous to
transgresse the law of nature, and much more the law of God.
V. 24. OBs. That its good to use argts taken from justice, to
ingadge folk's hearts to dutie. 3 wayes of faith's exercise to
ingadge the heart to dutie, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 13. It is a direction how
Christians may walk in their conversation suild be as to the
stopping of gain sayers mouths, and the scop of the text is to
shew how Christians ought to be exemplar in their cariagc.
Obs. That a holie Christian conversation is like salt in its use,
and weel beseeming Christians. Particulars holding furth the
similitude betwixt grace and salt. It dryes moistur, its profit-



able, its aiie embleme of wisdome, it burns and melts, it maks
thristie, it must be in a competent measure, and it maks
barren. 3. considerations to bewar of unsavourines, and the
way to shun it, is to bewar of secret sines, etc.

After sermon, I dyned w* the minister, and after denner he
and my wifFe and I rode over to Quodq", being invited witnesses
to the baptisme of my sister's children, whom h^ baptised by
the names of Jonet and Christian.

I heard him preach in Quodq", on Isaiah. 65. 8. cap. hath
3 parts, God's complaint, a declaration of his love, and a denun-
ciation of his judgm*. The text hath 3 pts. Gods love to the
remanent, a descriptione of them, and a declaration of their
state. Obs. from connection, that the Lord taks notice of ilk
anes cariage in judgm* tymes. Obs. 2. That in the saddest
tymes of his judgm*" the Lord provyds ane outgate for his
people. 3 advantages by affliction. Obs. 3. that somtymes the
work of God may be such as ther may be but a remanent, and
yet God will not destroy it. Branched in two members, etc.
After sermons I took a drink and retired to the kirk till late.

I found this a good day, I blisse the Lord for it.

A fair, gray, louring day.

21 Nov^^ Munday^ 7 (Ccloak, — This morning being in Quodq",
after I was readie, M"" Alex"^ Lev. and M"* Ro* Broun and I
conferred a long tyme concerning the planting of the kirk of
Broughtoun. After breakfast we stayed ane hour befor the
brethren of the Presbrie, and S"* J° Cheislie cam.

After we wer met and had prayed, we acquainted S"" Jo"
with the bussiness concerning the lady Queensberry, and after
debating we concluded to send ane letter, and desire the lady
to be presented unto us, and that we might have a conference
w* some of Penpont Presbrie concerning M"^ Geo. Blair, so I
drew the letter and the Moderator subscryved it; then we fell

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 19 of 28)