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The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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daughter of John Skene of Curriehill. She and her family are
frequently referred to in the Diary. Bishop Burnet states a«
above that she had thirteen children. A particular account of
Wariston's family is given by Mr. Paul in his introduction to
Waristons Diary in the twenty-sixth volume of the publica-
tions of the Scottish History Society.

Mr. Kirkton says : ' He left his lady and numerous family in
mean estate, though afterward the Lord provided better for
many of them than if their father had stood in the highest
grandeur."* ^

Helen Johnston, Lady Graden, inherited the spirit of her
father, and when her brother-in-law, Robert Baillie of Jervis-
wood, was sentenced to death, and lay in the Tolbooth await-
ing his trial and execution, she remained beside him,
ministered to his wants, and consoled him in the prospect
of his impending doom. Not only so, but she attended
his last moments on the scaffold, and witnessed the horrid
sentence can-ied into execution.

Strange as it may seem, Lady Humbie, after a widowhood of
ten years, became the wife of Lieutenant-General William Drum-
mond, afterwards created Viscount of Strathallan, who, afler
having been long in the Muscovite service, became Commander
of the Forces in Scotland, and rigorously executed his commis-
sion against the Covenanting party.' Through his influence

^ Burnet's History of His 07vn Times.
^ History of the Church of Scot laud ^ p. 174.

' Lieut. -(ieneral Drummond was the author of the Gentalogy 0/ tki U0mS4 •/
Dnim/noud, published by Dr. David Lain^; in 1831.



XX ANDREW HAY'S DIARY

Wariston's head, which had been exposed on the Nether Bow
Port, was allowed to be taken down and buried along with his
body. Elizabeth Johnston bore to General Drummond, who
was raised to the peerage in 1686, and died in January 1688, a
son, William, who became the second viscount, and who married
Elizabeth, daughter of John, Earl of Melfort, and died 7th
July 1702, and was succeeded by his son James, who died in
his sixteenth year, on 26th May 1711, his estate devolving to
his cousin Lord Dupplin, and the title to his cousin Sir John
Drummond of Machany. Her daughter, Elizabeth Drum-
mond, married Thomas, Earl of Kinnoul. She herself died in
England, and was buried in St. George''s, South wark, in 1679,
before the General was raised to the peerage.

The present Viscountess of Strathallan drew the writer's
attention to certain entries in the handwriting of Lieutenant-
General Drummond, in a printed German book in the library
■of Innerpeffray (founded by his brother. Lord Madderty),
regarding his marriage with Lady Humbie and the birth of
their children, of which the following is a verbatim copy : —

' In Anno l668 upon fridday the 28 of feb. about 12 of the clock
in the night I was maried in the Abay Church of Holy rud hous
by M^ Kid actual minyster ther.

' In Anno 1 669 upon the 1 8 Day of feb. being thursday about
on of the Clock after Noon in the Canongate was born My Daughter
and Christened Margaret upon the first Wednysday of March fol-
lowing being the third of the Moneth and 14 day after her birth
By M^ Gilbert Burnet in the abay Church of Holy rud hous the
witnesses wer —

S^ Rob. Nairn lord Strathord.

S'^ Rob. Muray of Abercairnie.

Doctor Thomas Burnet physitiane.

George Hume laird of Gradone.

Dame Margaret Graham lady Strathord my Neec.

Mistress Margaret Drummond Daughter of Madertie my
Neec.

Mistress Margaret Johnston my Sister in law.

W. Drummond.



INTRODUCTION xxi

* In Anno l670 upon the 8 Day of August being Monday about
halfe hour to two after Noon in Mistress Campbells hous Cannon-
gat was borne My Son and Christened William upon Saturday 27
of the same Monethe by M"^ Robert Laurie Dane of Ed'" in the
church of Holy rood house, the witnesses wer —

Gen. Thomas Dalyel.

Patrick Grahame Inchbrakie.

George Drummond bailie of Ed^

M'"'* Janet Johnston and

M»« Katrine Johnston

Bailie Drummond's wyfe and others.'



> my sisters in law.



From these entries it will be seen that the marriage took
place in the Chapel Royal of Holyrood, at the unusual hour
of twelve o'clock at night.

The baptism of his first born, Margaret, was by the
celebrated Dr. Gilbert Burnet, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury,
the nephew of Wariston and cousin of Lady Humbie. The
witnesses were distinguished in the history of the times : Sir
Robert Nairn, Lord Strathord, a Lord of Council and Session.
He was a strenuous Royalist, and was created a Peer of Scot-
land by the title of Lord Nairn to himself for life, and after he
had deceased to his son-in-law. Lord William Murray, who had
married his only daughter, Margaret. He died in 1683. The
romantic history of his son, and his numerous family and their
devotion to the Jacobite cause, are well known. Patrick
Graeme of Inchbrakie, another devoted Royalist, being the
cousin and tlie faitliful follower of tlie great Marquis of Mon-
trose ; Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns, the terror of the Cove-
nanters, who learned the art of war in Muscovy with General
Drummond; Sir Robert Moray of Abercairny; Dr. Thomas
liurnet, physician, probably a brother of Dr. Gill)ert Burnet ;
George Hume, laird of Graden, the husband of Helen Johnston,
daughter of Wariston and sister of Lady Humbie; Dame
Margaret Graham, Lady Strathord, niece of General Drum-
mond ; Mrs. Margaret Drummond, daughter of Lord Maddcrty,
also niece of the General ; Mrs. I^^slie ; Margaret Johnston,



xxii ANDREW HAY'S DIARY

another daughter of Wariston, who was concerned in the riot
in Edinburgh after the Restoration,^ and who was afterwards
married to Sir John Wernyss of Bogie.

The witnesses to the baptism by the Dean of Edinburgh
of his son William, afterwards second Viscount of Strathallan,
also in the Abbey Church of Holy rood, were Sir Thomas
Dalyell of the Binns, Patrick Graeme of Inchbrakie, George
Drummond of Millnab, bailie, thereafter provost of Edin-
burgh, and his wife ; his sisters-in-law, Mrs. Janet Johnston,
afterwards wife of Sir Alexander M*Kenzie of Coul, and
Mrs. Catherine Johnston. What strange companies at these
baptisms were assembled in the old Chapel of Holyrood,
scenes worthy of being commemorated by a painter.

Helen Hepburn, the child of many prayers, became the wife
of Walter, Earl of Tarras. He was the son of Walter Scott of
High Chester, and when little more than fourteen years of age
married Mary, Countess of Buccleuch, then only eleven years
old. This marriage is referred to in the Diary as likely to be
beneficial to the Covenanting cause. In consequence of this
match he was created in 1660, for life only. Earl of Tarras.
In 1683 his lordship, who had previously married Helen Hep-
burn of Humbie as his second wife, joined in the treason of
the Duke of Monmouth, who had married his deceased wife's
sister, Ann, Duchess of Buccleuch. When apprehended he
confessed his guilt, and threw himself upon the king's mercy.
His lordship was brought to trial, 5th January 1685, and
being found guilty, his titles and estates were forfeited and his
arms ordered to be torn. He was confined in the Castle of
Edinburgh, and the time, place, and manner of his execution
were left to the king. A remission was granted to him, 5th
February following, and he was at once set at liberty. He was
rehabilitated by letters under the Great Seal, 20th June 1687.
He was one of the first to engage in the Revolution of 1688.
He died in 1693. By his wife, Helen Hepburn, he had three
1 Kirkton's History^ p. 346.



INTRODUCTION xxiii

sons and three daughters. His grandson, Walter, married
the daughter of the third Earl of Marchmont, Lord Polwarth,
an alliance which opened the succession to the latter title in
the Peerage of Scotland to his only son, Hugh Scott, eleventh
Baron of Harden, and fourth Lord Polwarth. Lord Polwarth
bears the name of Hepburne Scott, and is, through succession
to Helen Hepburn, proprietor of the estate of Humbie.

Another intimate friend of Mr. Hay was Sir John Chieslie.
He was the son of the Rev. John Chieslie, A.M., minister of
the parish of Quothquhan, who was a son of John Chieslie,
farmer, in the same parish. The minister was proprietor of
the estate of Kerswell, to which Sir John was served heir. A
younger brother, Walter, a merchant and brewer, purchased
the lands of Dairy, near Edinburgh, and had a son John, the
assassin of Lord President Lockhart.

Sir John was said in early life to have been a servant of the
celebrated Alexander Henderson.^ It must, however, be borne
in mind that at that period the word servitor had a somewhat
different meaning from what it now denotes, and that it may
here have applied to the relation of private secretary. Be
that as it may, he raised himself and became Master of
Requests. He was clerk to the Scottish Commissioners in
England, and was knighted by King Charles i. in the Isle of
Wight. In 1649 he was appointed one of the four commis-
sioners from the kingdom of Scotland, having received orders
to go to Holland to Charles ii. He was embarking at Graves-
end with the other commissioners when they were suddenly
arrested by a troop of CromwelPs horse, in virtue of a warrant
of the English parliament. Sir John was lukewarm in the
royal cause. He was allowed to return to Scotland, and was
present at a Privy Conunittee meeting in Edinburgh after the
return of the Earl of Cassilis and Mr. George Winrain of
Liberton, the two connnissionei-s.

At this meeting it was agreed if the king would give

' Kirkton's History^ p* 7X» note.



xxiv ANDREW HAY'S DIARY

satisfaction as to religion and the Covenant, they would
maintain and assist him to the last drop of their blood and
utmost endeavour. Only three of the committee opposed this
conclusion, not concealing their zeal for the new English
Commonwealth. These were their late delegates. Sir John
Chieslie, Sir Archibald Johnston, and Mr. James Guthrie, a
fact which no doubt was not forgotten by his majesty on his
return, when the two latter forfeited their lives.

Sir John retired to his estate of Kerswell, and led a quiet
life during the period of the Commonwealth. From the Diary
it appears that he kept up a frequent correspondence with
Wariston, with whom he had been long associated, and whose
political and religious principles were his guiding star.

At the Restoration Sir John endeavoured to make his peace
with Charles ii. He got the Duke of Lauderdale to intercede
for him. He professed great loyalty and duty to his majesty,
and freely confessed his former faults. He was not, however,
received into favour, but was one of the protestors apprehended
in Edinburgh when concocting, as above detailed, the Remon-
strance to Charles ii. Unlike his companions, Wariston and
Guthrie, he escaped with his life. He was long imprisoned
and heavily fined. Sir John appears to have died in 1677, as
his son, John Chieslie, was served heir to him in special on 1st
November 1677. He inherited the principles of his father,
having been imprisoned for them in 1683, and liberated on
heavy caution for his subsequent appearance. Sir John was,
as previously stated, prisoner first in the castle of Edinburgh,
and thereafter in the tolbooth of Perth, from 1660 until 1669.

A nephew of Sir John's was John Chieslie of Dairy, already
referred to, whese name has attained an infamous notoriety as
the assassin of Sir George Lockhart, the Lord President of
the Court of Session.

John Chieslie of Dairy's daughter Rachel was married to
Lord Grange, and became celebrated for her mysterious abduc-
tion and confinement by her husband in St. Kilda.



INTRODUCTION



XXV



The lands of Craignethan which Mr. Hay acquired belonged
originally to the house of Douglas. After the forfeiture of
the Douglases in 1455, they passed to the possession of James,
first Lord Hamilton, who is supposed to have erected the keep
of the castle. In 1529 James, second Lord Hamilton and
first Earl of Arran, conveyed them to his natural son, Sir
James Hamilton of Finnart. He was a person of great
importance, not only for his large landed possessions, but
also for the offices he held under James v. He did much to
improve and adorn the castle. He built the enclosing walls
and towers round the keep, with the outer courtyard. After
a visit paid to him at Craignethan by the king, a charge of
treason was made against him as being concerned in a plot to
assassinate his majesty, of which charge he was found guilty
and executed.

The castle and lands were forfeited and annexed to the
crown, but after the death of James v. were restored to Sir
James Hamilton of Evandale, a son of Sir James. They after-
wards became the property of James, second Earl of Arran.
After the assassination of the Regent Murray, the castle was
besieged in 1579, when its owner James, third Earl of Arran, was
taken prisoner in it. He had been for many years insane, but
nevertheless was kept in captivity for some years after the siege.

After Craignethan was acquired by Andrew Hay, ' he built
a mansion with the ruins of the castle in the corner of the
garden. Over the entrance he put his arms.** These arms,
differenced from the coat of the noble family of Tweeddale, still
exist above the doorway, with the date 1665, being that of
the erection of the house. They correspond with those given
by Nisbet as the arms of Hay of Craignethan, viz., quarterly
first Frazer : second Giffbrd ; third vert, three unicorns"" liends
erased argent for Kerr; fourth as the first; over all a shield
of pretence, the arms of Hay.

Andrew Hay died in 1689.

He had four sons, Andrew, John, Archibald, and William.



xxvi ANDREW HAY^S DIARY

Andrew Hay ii. of Craignethan succeeded his father, and
married Euphame Chieshe, probably a daughter of Sir John
Chieslie. He was appointed a Commissioner of Supply
for Lanark in 1689, and in the same year also received
a commission as cornet of a troop of horse to raise
fencible men. He was bred to the law, and a member of
the Faculty of Advocates. He was bailie of the barony of
Lesmahagow, and on 22nd July 1702 he, along with John
Hamilton of Uddingston, Sheriff-Depute of Lanark, an office
to which he was afterwards himself appointed, pronounced
decree in an action of abstracted multures at the instance of
the multurer of the abbey mylne against the sucken. He
was thereafter sheriff-depute of the county of Lanark for
several years. Edward Menzies was sheriff-substitute of the
Upper Ward, and resided in Lanark. Craignethan is recorded
in the Act Books in the Sheriff Court at Lanark as having
presided in that court on many occasions, especially during
the years 1706, 1707, and 1708. He must have resigned the
sheriffship in the year last named, for on 18th May 1708
William Somervell of Corehouse was appointed sheriff.

His son Andrew iii. of Craignethan was served heir to him,
and also to his grandfather, 29th June 1714. He joined the
third class in Glasgow University in 1703, and died without
issue. May 1720.

His brother William iv. of Craignethan joined the third
class in Glasgow University in 1705, and was served heir to
his brother Andrew, 31st July 1720.

William appears not to have survived long, for John v. of
Craignethan granted a tack of the lands of Fence of Craig-
nethan on 9th April 1726. He was Bailie John Hay, mer-
chant in Edinburgh. Shortly after succeeding to the lands,
he sold them to the Duke of Douglas.

Besides these sons of Andrew Hay, the writer of the
Diary ^ there were two daughters : Mary, who became first
wife of Archibald Hamilton of Westburn, and Susanna,



INTRODUCTION xxvii

who married the Rev. John Orr, minister of Lanark, and
died in 1723.

The castle and lands continued, as above stated, in the Hay
family until sold by John Hay to the Duke of Douglas. After
the death of the duke they passed, by the decision of the
House of Lords in the Douglas cause, to Archibald Douglas,
son of Lady Jane Douglas, the duke's sister, and her husband,
Sir John Stewart of Grandtully. He was raised to the Peer-
age of the United Kingdom, by the title of Lord Douglas, in
1790, but the title became extinct in 1857. Craignethan now
belongs to his descendant and representative in the female
line, Charles, Earl of Home.

The total valuation of the estate of Craignethan and other
lands acquired by Mr. Andrew Hay, and to which his son
Andrew succeeded, was ^495 Scots. An assessment was made
in 1695 upon the latter and his tenants for poll-tax. His lady,
Euphame Chieslie, and his bairns, Andrew, Mary, William,
and Susanna, are entered for poll siller. From this assessment
it appears that his establishment consisted of a chaplain and
two male and four female servants.

The castle consists of an inner and outer courtyard,
separated by a dry ditch or moat, thirty feet wide. The
outer courtyard, one hundred and ninety feet by one hundred
and forty feet, is surrounded by a battlemented wall, and has
square towers at the north-western and south-western angles.
The inner courtyard, eighty-two feet by sixty-five feet, con-
tains the keep, which is battlemented and has bartizans at the
angles and over the entrance. The corbelling of the battle-
ments is extremely fine and artistic. The enclosing wall of
the inner courtyard is strengthened on the south by two
towers, one of which is of unusual size.

Craignethan Castle was the prototype of the Tillietudlcm
of Sir Walter Scotfs Old Mortality. The house already men-
tioned as having been built by Andrew Hay in tlie outer court-
yard was offered as a residence to the great novelist by Lord



xxviii ANDREW HAY'S DIARY

Douglas, and Lockhart tells us he was not at first indisposed
to accept the offer, but subsequent events caused him to
change his mind.^

When the Diary was written roads in Scotland were in a
very bad state, and not adapted for vehicular locomotion.
Riding on horseback was the means of transit from place to
place both for gentle and simple. The long journeys on horse-
back of Mr. Hay, his lady, and acquaintances, are graphically
detailed, and what adds not a little to their interest is the
account of the hospitality which awaited them when they
' lighted ^ tired and weary at a friendly mansion.

The Diary shows that at this period written forms of
prayer were not in use. There is no reference to John Knox's
Book of Common Order or any other set form of prayer. On
the contrary, it is evident from the text that prayer was wholly
extemporary.

The Sundays were strictly observed. The service, judging
from the lectures and sermons, must have been protracted, and
after returning from church the evenings were spent in cate-
chetical examination. What seems rather inconsistent, how-
ever, with this rigid observance is the fact that funerals took
place on the Sunday without being looked upon as an in-
fringement of the Lord's day. It is strange that in this,
the purest period of the Church, a practice should have been
tolerated which until recently was considered as not in accord-
ance with Christian duty.

Baptism appears to have been, in some cases, administered
shortly after birth. On the morning of the birth of a son
to Sir John Chieslie, Mr. Hay was awakened at three o'clock,
when he was informed of the birth, and asked to go to Kers-
well to attend the baptism, which took place the same day,
being Sunday, in the parish church. From this it would
seem that, notwithstanding the Presbyterian disbelief in



^ Lockhart's Life of Sir Walter Scott.



INTRODUCTION



XXIX



sacramental efficacy, there lurked a dread of the probable
consequences of a child dying unchristened, and the ad-
ministration of the rite was therefore hastened with all
convenient speed.

The Editor has here to tender his grateful acknowledgment
to Mr. G. D. Dalzell, Larkhall, for the great assistance re-
ceived from him. Not only did he place at his disposal stores
of material for his use, but also largely assisted him in the
preparation of the notes, which his local knowledge and anti-
quarian research, willingly rendered, enabled him to do.

A. G. R.

AucHTERARDER, 2nd Octohev 1901 .



DIARY




DIARIUS 5^-
Incoeptus 1""" Mali 1659

1 Mat/, Lords day, 7 Jiors, — This morning being in Humbie
after family dutie done I went to the Church and heard M""
James Calderwood lecture on Math. 23. 13 etc. Obs. that our
Lord denounceth thir woes rather to terrifie his disciples then
to curse the Pharisees. 2^ That a people may have a name in
the world and yet be of no accompt befor God. 3** That no
sin is more odious to God then hypocrisie. 4° That the
kingdom of heaven is shut upon us all by nature. 5° That
the main end of the ministrie is to open a dore to heaven.
V. 14. That hypocrisie and covetousnes go often together. 2°
That the vilest sines among men are cloaked over with religion.
3° That the fairer the pretence be in ill, the greater will Gods
judgmt be. v. 16. That profane teachers will adulterat the
truth of God for their own ends. 2° That the nearer any-
thing comes to Gods service its the more holy in its use, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 4. From the cohesion
Obs. That such as are sensible of povertie of spirit are alwayes
great mourners. 2 reasons why they mourne for sin. Obs. 2°, That
a mournfull frame of spirit is very agreable to the ghospell.
3° That the mourning wliich the Lord requires is ane inward
serious bitter mourning. 4° That these who doe thus mourne
aright are blissed. 5 reasons why they are blessed. 3 uses of
it. 4 marks of a mourning frame of spirit. 4 properties of a
mourning frame of spirit. 3 directiones for atteining it.
4 considerations to aggravat sin and ane use of comfort etc.

Afternoone he preached on Deut. 10. 4 and Exod. JiO. 2.
Ane catethetick question wherein the morall law is conteined.
The morall law devyded in 2 tables. 3 opinions concerning that
division of the law. Christs division of the morall law. 8 rules



2 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [i MAY

for right understanding the meaning of the moral 1 law. 1 what
is forbidden, the contrary is comanded. 2 wherein one thing
is forbidden all things homogeneall are forbidden. S The law
reacheth heart sines. 4 all the coraands are of equal authority.
5 when a thing is forbidden all the signs of it are so.
6° when a thing is comanded the signes leading to it are so.
7^ God may dispense with it. 8° what we are bidden doe we
must help uthers to doe, etc.

After sermones I went home to Humbie and after retirmt
went about familie dutie wt Sir Jo Cheislie.

This was a toUerable good day to me.

A very filthie raine all day.

2 Mai/, Munday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie I spok w* the Ladie who desired that S'" Jo°
Cheislie and she and I might have some houers together in prayer
and conference in reference to her condition, and so we went
about it by ourselvs, and spok much of stirring up one another
to love and good works, becaus the day is approaching, Heb.
10. 25. The Lord allowed me much liberty in prayer howbeitt
my head was exceedinglie pained. We dissolved at 2 ho*"^ and
went to family exercise and denner.

Therafter I spok w* M"^ Andrew Borthwick and Pat. Scott
anent ane supplication to be given in against M"^ Gedeon
Penman,^ after they had read it S*" Jo" advysed that ther



^ Mr. Gideon Penman, A.M., succeeded his father, William Penman, as
minister of Crightoun, 30th March 1641. He had two brothers in the ministry,
at Cockpen and Morebattle. His own at Crightoun was a troubled one. From
the Diary, in which there are repeated references to him, it appears that he got
into difficulties about money matters in connection with his charge, and the
question came before the Provincial Synod. He had the powerful support of
the Countess of Buccleuch, and obtained an Act of Parliament, 15th March
1661, for payment of bygone stipend. He was deposed, 4th March 1675,
for adultery. His escheat was gifted, 13th December 1677, to Mr. William
Livingston, merchant, Edinburgh, probably a relative of his wife, Jean Living-
ston. But a more serious charge in after life awaited him. In 1678 he was
dilated as a warlock minister, apprehended, and cast into the Tolbooth of Edin-
burgh. The witches with whom he is said to have had confederacy stated that
the devil called him his chaplain, and in the dances of the hags he kept the rear
and beat up those that were slow. Ten women affirmed this, but Mr. Gideon



1659] LADY HUMBIE 8

should be 2 supplicans, one for deposing him according to the
Act of the Assemblie Aug. 5. 1648, and if that prevailed not,
there should be another for try ell of some of his misde-



Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 2 of 28)