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Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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upon M"" Geo. Phines bussiness, and resolved to giv him no
more but the wholl 1657 and the half of the cropt 1658, and
25 merks for repairing his barne, and this was to be the ans*"
to the Committee next week at Ed*". Thereafter S"" Jon. and I
w*drew, and he told me y* he had about 2000 mks. in Ja. Tarbets
hands, which he apprehended was in hasard ; he resolved w*



1 659] MOURNINGS BORROWED 195

me that becaus I had gotten 2 l""^ from my brother desiring
him to come to Bothans, he wold be in Humbie on Saturnday ;
he told me also that my broy"" acknowledged under his hand
the bussiness of Smeithfeild to greive me. He told me Monk
in the meeting had desired the Com*^ to secure the peace of
the countrey, and to meet againe at Berwick the 12 day of
December. After I had eaten a litle I cam home to the
Stone w* my wife.

This day was toUerable, yet a litle raving.

A fair, cold day.

22, Tzvysday^ 7 d'cloak. — This morning, after I was readie,
Ja. Crightoun cam doun to me to borrow my mourning to
Culterallers for his good-broy*^ Jo" Burnett. He told me also
that it wold be expedient to advert to that processe against
Pat Kello for stryking and swearing. I told M"^ Alex' had
spoken to me to the same purpose yesterny^

After breakfast I went up to Bigger to sermon, and heard
M' Alex** Lev. preach in Jude 15. Obs. that as God will judg
ungodly persones for their wickednes, so mainely he eyes with
what hand they committed. Ane use to mark weel the bent-
fill of our hearts. Obs. 2, that besydes ungodlie works the
Lord takes notice of profane speeches, and they shall be counted
for in the day of judgment. 3 conclusions to be layed doun.
P hard speeches are all regis*"^*, 2*^ that sinners shall receive
reward for them. S° that the tongue bewrayes the heart. 3
directions be way of use how to prevent unsavourie and hard
speeches, etc. After sermon I went to the Sessioun, wher I
had som debate with the minister concerning Pati'ick Kello
his processe, but being voted, the wholl session was in my
opinion, viz. that we cold not passe sentence except the wit-
nesses did depone upon oatli ; so they are all summoned to
appear this day 8 dayes and depone.

Therafter I cam doun and dyncd very late. Katherin Gi*eg
and Marion Levinstoun dyned w*^ me. After they were gone
M"" Jo" Greg cam from Symontoun, and delivered to me the
extracts of Maggie Robison's processe for witchcraft, to \\o
perused by order of Presbrie ; he stayed till 7 at niglit, but
wold not stay all night, so I retired after he was gone home.




196 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [22 NOV.

This was a tollerable good day.
A very fair, warme day.

23 Novemhe^, Wednesday^ 7 acloal\ — This morning, after I
was readie, I did read upon Clarks examples some very terrible
storeys of hereticall Quakers miserablie deluded by the devill,
especiallie that of Jo" Gilpin in Kendall in Westmorland in
May 1653, and a Minister's relation of a meeting of Quakers
in Benfeildsyd, in the County of Durhame, Oct. 19, 1654.
And a very strange storey of Jo" Toldervy, servant to Colonell
AVebb, in Cornhill, London, which fell out in anno 1656 ;
lykwyse I did read some Strang things of heretiques, and ther
heresies have been in all ages since the apostles days, and the
particular articles of thes y* have been most publick and
knowen. This day Alex"* Baillie cam to me and informed me
of the maner of Jo" Burnets death : he dyed on Munday morn-
ing of a violent colick. He hes left his brother Barns and Alex**
Baillie tutors to his children, he hes left land q'^of he had infeft-
ment worth 19000 mks., and bands worth 8000 libs.

I dyned alone with my wiffe, and after denner I resaved a
letter to Jo" Burnetts buriall, y* is to be tomorrow. Therafter
I did read till it was late on Clark's examples of humilitie,
and some examples of husbands and wyves both good and bad,
and about mariage and conjugall love, also some examples of
hypocrits, and of idolls, idolatrie, and images, also of idlenes
and the evills of it, and so I retired myself to secret and then
to familie dutie.

This day was prettie free of outward temp^"^

A very windie, louring day.

24, Thursday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning, after I was readie, I
did read all the forenoon on Clark's examples of God's judg-
ments on the Jews for crucyfying Christ and ther uther
wickednes ; som examples of impudence, incontinence, and
rapes, and of incestuous persones ; examples of inconstancie
and unstablenes ; examples of ingratitude and unkyndness ;
some examples of justice, together with the dutie of judgs and
magistrates ; of law, lawyers, and lawgivers ; of learning
prysed and rewarded ; and of hard students ; of libertie highly



l659] WARISTON'S CHILDREN 197

prysed ; of masters, mistresses, and familie government ; of
good memory ; of ministers, painfull, zealous, and couragious ;
of miracles and miraculous deliverances vouchsaffed by God
unto his children ; of the contempt of ministers and ministry
plaigued by God.

I dyned w* my wyfFe and W™ Crightoun, who after denner
shew me his present condition, and requested me to help him
in many things. We spok of 2 things, either to be clerk in
the Leedhill or els to be chamberlane of Skirling. I advysed
him to speak to M** Alex*", and I promised to doe my dutie in
either of the two as occasion presented. The rest of the after-
noone I spent in reading in Clarks examples from cap. 86 till
cap. 92. This night cam very many foot through Bigger,
being disbanded and going to England, and being w^out
officers, many of them being dismounted. At night I retired
myself to dutie.

This day was prettie frie of outward tempt^"^.

A very rainie, foule day.

25 Novemh'', Fryclay^ 7 dcloak, — This morning, after I was
readie and had taken breakfast, I took my horse and went
away to Ed"^ to meet with my brother and S' Jo" Cheislie about
Smeithfeild bussiness. By the way I called at Newhouses and
spak with Dolphington, so I went on streight to Redhall, q'
I promised to meet w^ S"^ Jo". I did visit the cliildren. I
found Jo" liklie not to recover againe, and Archb*^ very
retired ; then I was told that the lady Humbie was in Ed%
and was to go out to Humbie to-morrow, which made me go
to Ed"" jmmediatlie.

By the way to Ed' I met w* a discreet Inglishman, at whom
I asked newes. He told me that the Gen" marched to Had-
dingtoun on Twysday last, and ther mett a post from his Com-
missioners at London, shewing that they had agreed with the
army, q^ipon he returned to Ed*", and ther w* a Councell of
officers declared himself ynsatisfyed w^ 2 articles anent the way
of calling a Parlia^, tviid anent reponing the casheere<l officers
in Scotland, (fanent ther is a treatie to be at Newcastle or
York, the begining of Dec'. He told me also the Commis-
sioners were gone yesterday morning. I cam to Ed' about



198 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [25 NOV.

4 acloak, and immediatlie therafter spok w* my broy'^ at his
oune chamber on our bussinesse at lenth, and then I cam up
the way and spok with the lady Humbie and the lady Redhall,
and supped with them at their chamber, and then I wrote a
letter to Redhall, to S*^ Jo", and so I went to my sisters to my
chamber.

This was but a barren day of good thoughts.

A faire day, hard frost.

26, Saturnday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being in Ed"", after
I was readie, I went abroad and met w* S"" Jo" Baird and Pat.
Murray, who told me of the articles of the agreement betwixt
Lambert and Monk. I did also read them in the lady
Humbies chamber. Then I mett w* my brother, and he and
I went and spok w* S*" Jo" Cheislie, and trysted that S*^ Jo. and
I should go to Humbie, and that my brother should come ther
upon Munday, that we may all go to Bothans therafter.

At 12 acloak I dyned with the lady Humbie and uthers,
and heard that the Gen" and armie wer very discontented w*
the agreement at London, and resolved not to rest contented
till they got some more satisfactioun in ther demands. Ther-
after I went doun and visited the old lady Humbie, and then
my broy*" sent for me, and told me that W'" Hay of Smeith-
feild was come home from London. I advysed my brother to
bring him out to Humbie w* him, and then we should advyse
q*^ further to do, so I took my horse about 2 acloak and went
along w* the lady to Humbie.

By the way S*^ Jo" Chieslie overtook us, told me y* he had
been with the Gen", and that he found him dissatisfy ed with
Waristoun, which S"^ Jo" laboured to mitigate, and y* he was
much fallen in the hight of his demands. We came to Humbie
very late.

After I cam I essayed to go about my weekly search, but so
slightlie that I had conviction of my guilt, q'in yet I found
the Lord still kind to me, so I retired.

This was but a raving day to my spirit.

A faire day and a hard frost.

27 Nov^^ The Lords day, 7 a'cloak. — ^This morning being in



i659] MONCK DISSATISFIED WITH WARISTON 199

Humbie after I was ready and had taken breakfast I went
to Humbie Kirk and heard M"" Ja. Calderwood lecture on
Rom. 1. 8, etc., ad. 16. In the words 3 argts to gane the
Romans affection: v, 8. obs. that its great joy to faithful
ministers to hear of the succes of the ghospell, 2^ that its trew
charity when we give thanks to God for his goodnes to vyrs, 3**
that our guiding others to God should be still in and through
Christ, 4^ that the Lord hes a care of the name, and renoune of
thes that honour him. v. 9. that daily conscience should be
made of prayer, v. 10. that God hes dominion over all the
actions of men. 9P that all our actions should be referred to
God. 3^ that in all actions we should begin w* prayer, v. 11.
that the most eminent christian has need of establishment
V. 12. that the weakest of the church may be usefull to the
most eminent, viz. that the sending of ministers is from God's
will, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 11. Obs. 1, That how-
ever the Lord's people desire to suffer w^ credit, yet they look
for reproches and to have vile things layed to their charge.
3 reasons why the wicked revyle the godlie. 4 directions how-
to cary under that lot. 4 considerations shewing how great a
sin it is to revyle the Lord's people. 6 directions how to keep
us from this sin. Obs. 2, that whatever be the prejudice men
have in reprochingthe godlie, yet the trew cause is for Christ's
sake becaus of the image of God in them. 3 reasons of the
point ; OBS. 3, that the ill speeches and reproches cast on the
Lord's people on his accompt is destruction.

In the afternoone he preached catechetick doctrine on the
8th Command, Exod. 20. 15. This comand requires some
things and forbids some things. Theft is either in the matter
or in the manner. In the matter, as sacriledge, impropriation,
plundering, pyracie, etc. In the manner, gross and more
secret, publick and more privat. In this command also are
forbidden covetousnes, discontentednes with our condition,
idlencs, and improvidence, wasting of a man's estate. 4 motives
to bewarr of thes sins. 3 objections ansuered anent theft, etc.

After sermons I cam home to Humbie and retired, being
exceedingly troubled w* a pain in my licad. Therafter I
assisted as the Lord helped me in family dutie.



200 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [27 NOV.

This was a sad day, but a very good day. Blissed be God.
A fair day and hard frost.



28, Munday^ 7 d cloak. — This morning after I was ready,
being in Humbie, I spok to the Lady at lenth concerning
Jo" Calendar his office, and charge of being her Steward, and
advysed her how she should use him, and q* trust she might
give him. She told me how she was abused by her servants
dureing her absence at London. After breakfast my brother
cam to Humbie, and told me he had brought W"^ Hay along
w* him, and left him at Over Keith. Thereafter I caused him
send for him, and we conferred w* him, and he told us how he
resolved to stick to my brother becaus of the freindship he had
found of him; thereafter we spoke w* S"" Jo" Cheslie there-
anent, and then dyned alltogether w* the Lady. After denner
we resolved that my broy"" should immediately go to Bothans
and sound my Lord Tweddall, and as he found him send me
word back agene that we might come altogether to Bothans
to-morrow. So he went. Then the Lady Humbie conferred
w* S"* Jo" intreating him to persuade me to ingadg in her
bussiness, but I resolved her that it was best during the not
sitting of Sessioun to let Alex. Borthwick be doing her
bussiness w^out receiving ane commissioune, and that she
might resave her oune money, and therafter we might be
advysed whether I might ingadg in her bussiness or not, wher-
with she seemed to be dissatisfied ; the rest of the afternoone
I conferred w* W™ Hay. At night Gregor cam w* letters from
Newcastle showing ws that Lambert was strong ther, and wold
fain fight. So I retired.

I found this but ane idle day.
* A soft day and louring.

29 Nov.^ Twysday, 6-7 a^cloal: — This morning being in
Humbie, after I was ready, I resaved a letter from my brother
in Bothans, desireing S"* Jo" and W"^ Hay and me to come
to my lord Tweddall and speak on that bussiness. So after
breakfast we went, and cam ther a litle before sermon. I
heard M*" Laurence Charters preach on 1 John 5. 4. Upon



1 659] VISIT TO LORD TWEEDDALE 201

that mark of such as are borne of God that they keep the
comandm*^ ; he preached well, but w* a very low voice.

Therafter we cam in to the hous and dyned w^ my Lord.
After denner we conferred w^ him anent the case of Smeith-
fields bussiness, but my Lord wold not acknowledg my brothers
appryseing, only he was content abstracting from that to hear
any overture, and was willing to renounce any title he had by
the taillie, provyding we could find any remanent of the family
to subsist. S"" Jo" urged my brothers debt, and offered to mak
it appear reall, but my lord spok of the whole bussiness as a
desperat thing.

Therafter my lord and S*" Jo" went together, and my brother
and I spoke of my Lady Dutchesse bussines. I desired him to
put me in my oune place, and let me have the disposition in
my name, becaus I had only trusted him, but he refused to doe
anything but conform to the terms of his backbond to me,
which greived me much. Therafter I did read the disposition
which he promised to bring to Ed"", and therafter go and close
w* my Lady. So we pam to supper, and therafter I took
leav of my lord and lady, and lay w* S"" Jo". I retired myself,
and then went to bed.

I fciurjd this ane unsatisfying day.

A soft, Cold, windie day.



30, Wednesday, 3-4 o'clock. — This morning being in Bothanes,
after I was ready, S*^ Jo" and W"* Hay and I cam away two
hors befor daylight, and my brother went to Haystoun. It
was a very bitter cold morning, and we went divers tymes out
of the way, yet at lenth we cam to Ed*" betwixt 9 and 10
a'cloak.

I was all the forenoune w* S"" Jo" in M"" W™ liis chamber,
and had conference w* J. Tarbet, who had resaved 2000 mks,
of S*" Jo"' money, but was not lyk to mak him a good acconipt
thereof; so y^ S"" Jo" was forced to use ane act of wairding
against some men had bo' his victuall. Therafter we went
alltogether to denner in David Ilodgers house; after denner I
saw a letter com from London to the Gen" very much reflect-
ing on my Lord Waristoun, and sliewing that tlie terme was



202 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [30 NOV.

up, and the judges in Ingland wold not sit under the present
Counsel 1 of officers pouer.

In the afternoone I met with Kirkurd, wlio told me that it
was lyklie his minister would be taken from him. I desired
him to mak his bargane, so in parting w* him as he might
have another good man put in his roume. Therafter I met
with the Lady Humbie new come to toun, and went up to her
fathers lodging w* her, and then I went up to my sisters hous
and payed for 2 stane and a qrter of candle at 3 lib. 8^^ the
stane. I heard that the Gen" was still unsatisfyed w* the
agreement at London, and was to go to Berwick upon Fryday.
After I had supped with the Lady Humbie, I went home to
my good-brothers hous, and then I went to my bed after dutie
there.

This was a toUerable good day.

A bitter cold day, and slete.

1 December, Thursday^l acloak. — This morning being in Ed'"
after I was ready, I mett w* M'" Traill, who told me they had
yet delayed M^ Gedeon Penmans bussines^ till the 2d Tewysday
of Jany, and in the meantyme had appointed 3 young men to
preach at Cryghtoun, in order to be a helper to him, viz. M*"
Jo" Philp, M^ Ro* Eliot, M*- Alexander Heriot, and therafter
a comittee to sitt at Crightoun and hold sessioun to see which
of them the people would choose. I dyned w* the lady
Humbie, and after denner I went to the comittee for venting
the Presbrie of Linlithgow, wher we stated the wholl difference
to stand in the ministers not allowed by the synod, yet they
condescended to let all the rest passe except Bathgate and
Lithgow, and wer content to allow both the ministers in
Bathgate to continue pro vy ding both the stipends, legall and
voluntary, wer equallie devyded betuixt M"" Crightoun and M""
Kennidie. And they appointed M'" Traill, M"^ Stirling, and me,
to tryst the bussines w* the presbrie. We brought them to be

^ Gideon Penman, for his real or imaginary delinquencies, caused the Church
courts an amount of trouble. Mr. Hay had no good feeling towards him, as
shown by his taking exception to his judging in his cause. To deprive him of
his living at Crichton was a difficult matter, as he had the powerful support of
the Countess of Buccleuch, As a compromise it was agreed an assistant should
be conjoined in the pastoral charge.



i659] VISIT OF GENERAL MONCK'S LADY HOS

content to contribut als much as the half of the legall stipend
to M** Kennidie. So we returned to the comittee, and we
resolved to write to the Heritors of both Parishes to meet us
at Ed^ the 2nd Wednesday of Jan^, w* whom we are to deall
both for reconciling the people in the Parishes, and to setle
something for them w^ consent.

At night I met w* Preston anent the Lady Humby'*s bussines,
who told me he had his money ready, but we could doe nothing
till M"* Jo^ Drummond cam to toun. So I cam to the lady
Humbie and told her, and stayed with her till it was late, and
then went home.

This was a tollerable good day.

A raw, louring, soft day.

J^, Fryday, 7 a'cloak. — This day, being in Ed"", after I was
ready I went to the Comittee for examineing the orderly
admissioun and calls of the contraverted brethren wHn the
Presbrie of Linlithgow. Thereafter I met w* Colonell Ker,
who told me that he thot Gen" Monck had a very bad game
of it. Then I conferred w^ Prestoun a litle about his bussines,
and heard that the Gen" w* his lifeguard was marched away
to Berwick. At 12 a'cloak Sir Jo" and I being invited went
and dyned w* S*" Ja. Stewart the Provest. After denner cam
the Gen"^ Lady ^ to mak a visite, who told that she thought
ther wold be no fighting becaus my Lord Lamberts men did
run away, and tliat the City of London was ncwter, and that
ye counties in Ingland had refused to pay their cesse.

In the afternoone I resaved from Ja. Wrijjht the acts of
this last Synod for our Pi*esbrie, and then I went to Waristouns
hous and helped to pack up all Waristouns papers of coa-
sequence in severall trunks and convoy them to private freinds
houses.2 Therafter I dealt w*- a freind to tak one of thes trunks
as from me. Then I went down againe to the lady Humbie,
and heard that my L.. Lambert was marched further north into

* Afterwards Duchess of Albemarle.

'^ It seems strange that it did not occur to Mr. Hay, when he look the pre-
caution of removing for concealment Lord Warlsion's papers, that he should
enter his doing so, as in the event of his getting into trouble himself, the fact
recorded in his Diary ^ should it get into the enemies' hands, would seriously
implicate him.



204 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [2 DEC.

Northumberland, and that Cap. Ogle had been forced to retire
to Berwick w* 200 men, but I hardly believed it becaus the
cessa*'"" was not yet expired. I heard also of some highlanders
had fallen doun and wronged 2 families in Fiffe, which made
me fear the breaking of the countrey. Then I cam home to
my brothers hous, and sate up late.

I found this a tollerable good day, blissed be God.

A fair day and hard frost.

3 Dec"^ Saturnday^ 6 a'cloak. — This morning, being in Ed^,
after I was ready I went doun to the Lady Humbie, and we
sent for S"" Jo" Cheislie and the tutors of Humbie to speak w*
the Laird of Prestoun concerning 10,000 merks which he hath
readie to pay of debt to Humbie. After we wer mett we
resolved that becaus he and Orbestoun ^ wer both bound we
behoved to acquaint Orbestoun befor we could close w* him.
So we sent a post to Orbestoun desiring him to come to Ed"*,
and appointed Wednesday nixt to be o*" nixt meeting for
putting some close to that bussines. The lady Humbie was
very unwilling to let me go home, but I promised to endea-
vour to returne against that day to Ed*", so I took my leave
of them, having recoiriended M' Jo"^ Hamiltons bussines to
Sir Jo" Cheislie and M*" Jo. Drummond.

Therafter I went up the way and dyned w* my good-brother,
and therafter went to my horse and bought the newes printed
here which contradicted the London Diurnell. I cam away
about one a'cloak in the afternoone, and came home about 6
at nyt. I rode in the way w* Westhall, who told me many
stories of Welston his hardnes to him though he was his
uncle. After I cam home I went to my weaklie search but
very faintlie, being much confused and also wearyed : yet I
found God had dealt tenderlie w* me in returning me in saftie,
and letting me see my familie in health and peace. Therafter
I retired to dutie, and so to family exercise, and therafter to
supper.



^ Sir John Hamilton of Orbeston was ' a man of extraordinary accomplishments
and singular merits.' He was appointed one of the Senators of the College of
Justice and Lord Justice Clerk by King Charles i. in 1636. He was deprived
of his offices by the Committee of Estates in 1649. He died in 1664.



i659] PRESTON'S DEBT TO HUMBIE 205

This was a tollerable good day.

Hard frost all day, and snow drift at night.

4 Dec'', The Lords day, 7 cCcloak. — This morning after I was
readie and had done family duty, I went to Bigger Kirk and
lieard M*^ Alex. Lev. lecture on Levit. 20; cap hath 3 pts.
Some directions, the danger of not keeping them, and the
conclusion, v. 1. obs. That the smaller a temta''" is the sin
is the greater. Superstition a very violent thing. The manner
of stoneing to death. In the judgmts 2 sorts, spirituall and
temporal, that each one may be reached, v. 10. obs. That the
Lord mainly pitcheth on the ryffest great sines, and punisheth
them w* death. 9P That land defyling sines have remarkable
judgments, v. 22. That God can mak a land or a hous work
itself clean of folk. v. 23, etc., Ther are given severall
incouragments to dutie, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 16. The text is a con-
clusion drawen from some former similituds. 2 things in the
words ; a Christian dutie and a great advantage by it. Obs.
ITiat enlightened christians are to evidence the reality of their
light by shining furth for the good and advantage of vyrs. 3
reasons of the point. 3 sorts of persons reproved : such as count
sound doctrine aneugh, such as think it aneugh to know the
truth, and such as live under great light and profite not by it.
2 great ills are the cause of not shyning : 1^ contentment with
bare braine knowledg, 2'' miscalling godlines and despysing
it, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Revel. 3. 1-8, being the
epistle to Sardis. 5 things in it. The inscription, a rebuk, a
counsall, a comendaon, and the conclusion. In the inscription

2 things, a description of the sender, and of him to whom the
epistle is sent. By 7 spirits the gifte of the holy ghost, and
by 7 Starrs the ministrie is understood ; from the challeng note

3 sorts of pcrsoncs in the world. 3 causes of deadnes. Obs.
That your works are nauglit if they byd not the touchstone
befor God. 4 directions for watchfulness. 4 things imported in
strengthening the things that are ready to die, etc.

Therafter he continued on Math. 5. 16. Three uther ills
that hinder christians to shyne furth. 3 consideruns to stirre us



206 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [4 DEC.

up to cause or light shyne, 3 sad causes of sitting in darknes.
3 degrees of judiciall darknes: it corrupts the will, it defyles
the understanding, it pollutes the conscience. 2 Symtomes of
such a condition, undervaluing of Christ, and pleasing ourselves
in corrupt wayes, etc.


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 20 of 28)