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Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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After sermones I cam home and retired myself to dutie
secret, and then to the familie, and so to supper.

My heart was sad, being much hardened this nyt.

A strong frost and very cold.

5 December, Munday, 7 cCcloak. — This morning after I was
readie I did keep w*in dores all the day reading upon Clarks
examples, Cap. 94, of perfidiousness, treachrie, and fals freinds.
Gods judgments against perjurie, of persecution, and martyres :
together w*^ examples of Gods judgments upon persecutors of
pietie, holines, godlines and honesty : of plague and pestilence,
of povertie and poor men. Examples of the pouer and
prevalence of prayer, of predictioun, and prophecies : of pryde,
arrogance, ambition, and vain glory. Some examples of seeing
prodigies, and some examples of strange providences, especially
a strange lightning and thunder that fell out in the church of
Withycombe in Devonshyre, October 21, 1638. Mr. George
Lyee, minister, being preaching, qrby many people wer hurt
and some killed. And of the famous Jo" Scott, who could live
50 or 60 dayes w^out meat or drink. I dyned w* my wiffe at
noone, non uther being w* us, and found myself somewhat
indisposed in the afternoone, which made me again go to
my book, and did read some providences of mercie in great
comforts after great defections in severall persones in Ingland,
revealed especiallie to M*" Ludlam, M"^ Whyte and M' Calamy.
After I had done reading I retired myself, and then we cam
together again to family dutie, and so to supper.

This day w^as prettie free of outward temptns.

A very hard frost, and cold,

6, Twysday, 7 a'doak. — This morning after I was readie,
Jon. AVhyte in Skirling cam to me, and I aggreed w* him to
tak up 6 bolls of oats from him the nixt week. After I
had breakfast I went to Bigger kirk, and heard M"" Alex*"



i659] ENGLISH SOLDIERS LEAVE EDINBURGH 207

Levingston preach on Jude 16 concerning the heynousncs
and dredfulnes of the sin of murmuring. 4 sinfull causes
thereof: prejudice against the holy wayes of God, sinful mis-
belief, pryde of heart, and impatience under our present lot.
Its sinfullnes appears in that it is injurious against God,
against man, and against ourselves. It crosseth God in all
his attributs. It opposeth his providence. It taxeth his pouer
and omnipotency, and it frets against his goodnes and mercie.
It appears much in the publick transactions of thes tymes q'"in
every man studyes to be upmost, etc.

After sermon I went into the sessioun, wher we sentenced
Ja. Nisbit to be publicklie rebuked, and I was appointed to
conferre w* Pat Kello till the nixt day that we come to a
sentence ; it being already proven that he did strike. After
the sessioun I cam home and W™ Crightoun w* me, who urged
me againe to speak for him either to be clerk in Leedhill, or
chamberlane of Skirling if it get a new master.

In the afternoone I did againe read on Clark*'s examples. A
very remarkable providence of God in the miraculous preser-
va^'un of 8 men lost in Greenland, anno 1630, by the space of
9 months and 12 dayes. Therafter I retired and to dutie.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very hard frost, and fair.

7 December, Wednesday, 7 a cloak. — This morning after I
was readie being ingadged to go to Ed"" for closing that
bussines betuixt Humbie and Prestoun after I had taken my
breakfast, I took my horse and went to Ed*". I cam ther about
3 a'cloak,and found that all the Inglish souldiors had marched
away from the toun yesterday morning towards the borders.
I cam streight up to the Lady Ilumbys chamber, and thcr
found Preston and young Orbestoun ^ w^ the Lady and the
tutors. We debated the bussines a long time, and at lenth
resolved on this. To tak 1000 lib. sterl. and one years interest
for the wholl soume qrof Prestoun to pay 11000 mcrks and
200 mks, and S"^ Ja. Hamiltoun the rest. And in case they



* Son of the Lord Justice-Clerk, and who afterwards became, on the death of
his father, Sir James Hamilton.



208 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [7 dec.

did not close the bargane at this tym, then this to be no offer
at all, but all things to be in statu quo nunc : therafter the
lady took it to advysement till to-morrow. This was only
coiTioned privatle not publicklie offered. ■

After they wer gon I stayed w* S"* Jo. Cheisly, who told me
that Gen. Monk had drawen his horses in Alnick back to the
border becaus they wer not sure of a cessation, and that Coli
Zauchie was appointed by the councell of officers at London to
speak w* Monk at Berwick. He told me also that through the
shyres most parts had chosen no old men to present their
desires to Monk.

Therafter I went w* S'* Jon., and we supped at Robert
Lermonths house, wher I heard Mardyk was slighted and
Dunkirk lik to be beseidged. Therafter I cam home to my
chamber.

This was a tollerable good day.

A louring day, and somq* soft and thaw.

8, Thursday^ 8 cCcloak.- — This morning being in Ed' after I
was readie I stayed in my sisters hous till past 10 a'cloak.
Therafter I went doun to the Lady Humbie's chamber, and >ve
sent doun to know qt the result was from my Lord Selkirk.
Therafter I went doun to Sir Jo"*Cheislie, and found that ther
was some difficultie for him to get his money fra.Ja. Tarbet.
t advysed him to tak ane assignan to Archbald Sydserfs band,
and to press it earnestly.

Therafter I went and dyned w* the Lady Humbie and the
Lady Redhall ; and after denner S"^ Ja. Hamiltoun and
Prestoun cam in and pressed that the Lady Humbie wold
accept of nyne months interest, but, she refused absolutlie
becaus my L. Selkirk was bound to relieve them that they
be no lossers in that bussines: so ^ye condescended to go
to-morrow to S"^ Jo. Gilmor,^ and tak his advyse anent the



^ Sir John Gilmour, who afterwards purchased Craigmillar, was an eminent
lawyer, and had a very extensive practice at the Bar. _ He was a Royalist, and
was appointed by Charles ii. in 1661 President of the Court of Session on the
resumption of its sittings, after an interruption of eleven years. He died in
1671. He reported the Decisions of the Court from 166 1 to 1666.



1 659] AGREEMExNT WITH PRESTON 209

ordering of the wholl security that the Eady Humbie should
subscryve.

After they were gone S** Jo. Cheislie cam in and told us that
he was blamed in Ed"* as being making parties for Lambert
against Monk, qras he medled w* no partie at all. I find the
Inglish souldiors did march from Ed"" vpon Tuysday and the
postm" also is changed ; a post cam to the Provest from Monk
desiring a copie of Lambert's letter to him, qras ther was never
such a thing, which sayes the Gen^^ is easilie persuaded of any
informatioun.

At night we supped at the Lady Humbles chamber, and
then I went home to my chamber.

This was a toUerable good day.

A very hard frost all day.

9 December^ Fry day, 7 a' cloak, — This morning being in Ed%
after I was readie, I was sent for to go doun to the Lady
Humbie. Therafter I went with her and the freinds to S*^ Jo"
Gilmo*^ chamber, q' we closed the bussines with Preston thus,
that the lady subscryve her renunciation of her daughters
infeftment in her name, as being tutrix w* consent of Pat.
Hamlton of Green and Walter Cheislie, and that the freinds
doe also consent to it ; that she tak ane assignaun to Alantons
band for her warrandice, and mak a declaran it is for paym'
of that debt ; That she is in no hazard by the heires becaus
ther was nothing to bind this debt upon the duk of Hamilton,
and besydes it is better condign nor any other gets that wer
creditors ; so Rot. Hay was appointed to draw the writs, and
the Lady delivered the apprysing to M"^ AV'" Cheisly, and
ordeined the testam' to be transumed, which I delivered to

Mr W"\

Therafter we cam home and dyned w* the Lady, and after
denner I went doun and visited Col. Ker and his wiffe, who
told me they heard that Waristoun was to be on the treaty at
Newcastle, but I did not think so, only I heard ther wer 5 on
each syd to be ther ; afterward I cam up the way and spok w*
Ja. Wright anent Martin Robisone, who promised that the dis-
positioun should be renewed to Alex"" Borthwick, and acknow-
ledged he had both dispositioun and backhand in his oune hand.

o



210 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [9 dec.

Therafter I went home to my sisters house and supped ther.
This was a tollerable good day also.
A hard frost all day.

10, Saturnday^ 6-7 cCcloali. — This morning, after I was
readie, being in Ed*", I went doun to S"" Jo. Cheislie, and finding
y* he was to go home be Inglistoun, about his brother James
his mariage, I took leave of him. Therafter I went to the
lady Humbie and agreed w* her y* she should write to her sister
the Lady Gradoun, to tak Ellen Scott, Hundleshops daughter
to be her waiting maid, wherof she was content, and referred
the fye to me. After I had broken my fast w* her I cam home
to my chamber, and by the way I bought Baxters Holy Comon-
wealth. I did read a bitter peece of Prine's, called Concordia
Discors.

About 11 a'cloak they had taken my liorse to ryde post, but
I got a warrand from the Pro vest and got him again, and so
cam away homeward. Upon the way I overtook M"* Jo. Mitchell
and cam w* him to Bigger. He told me that my Lord Flemings
mariage was going on to Lady Anne Ker, and that Rot. was
maryed in France, so I cam home about 5 a'cloak, and found
my litle daughter still unweel. I brought some medicines home
for her. This afternoone, upon the way alone, I went about
my weeklie search, and found the Lord had been very tender
and merciful in leading me out and bringing me in, free of
dangers, and that he had also assisted me in my dutie, though
I found I had much slighted my duty which I might have
done. The Lord pardon me, especiallie in not keeping the week
sermon in Ed''. So I went about secret and family dutie after
I cam home.

I found this was no ill day, I blisse the Lord.
A frost ryme all day.

II DecemV, The Lords Day^ 6-7 a' cloak. — This morning, after
I was readie, being sent for to Marion Levingstone in Mosse-
syd, after family worship I went thither, and then I went to
Bigger Kirk after I had conferred and prayed w* her. I heard
M*" Alex"" Levingston lecture on Levit. 21, thrie sorts of direc-
tions anent the preists holines, viz., their cariage to the dead.



i659] MR. LIVINGSTON'S SERMOxXS 211

their mariage, and their bodilie blemishes. From the con-
nexioun obs. That q" abuses in the ministry appears, it renders
the worship of God odious to carnall hearts. 2 reasons of their
cariage to the dead. v. 16. obs. That every person is not fit
to cary office in the Lords house. 2^ That the Lord requires
holynes and spotlesnes of such as are set apart to be preists to
him : This, the great qualificaun of a minister, etc.

Therafter he preached on Matli. 5. 16; four directions how
to guid any small measure of light we have, by bringing our-
selvs often to the light, by taking weel w^ discoveries, by
making the word the rule, and by squaring all o'' actions aright.
Nixt OBS. That sound and saving light is evidenced by good
works ; 3 inseparable companions of good works, a sound prin-
ciple, a sincere intention, and a good end. 4 things necessary
to mak good works acceptable unto God. I*' Your person
must be acceptable, viz. regenerate ; 9P The duties must be
comanded by God; 3** They must be done in a holy maner;
and 4^ the heart must be streight w* God, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Revel. 3. 3, etc. Being in
part of the epistle to Sardis, 3 things in it ; The counsall, the
comfort, and the conclusion. From the first obs. That to mynd
our former condign is a ready way for recovery of a soule.
9P That the remembrance of Gods former mercies is sweet to
a soule under darknes. 3 directions in the counsall from the
comfort. V, 4. obs. That all the ill Christ sees in a people
maks him not overlook ther good ; 9P That Christ loves it
weel in his people to keep themselvs free of the infection of
the profane ; 3° That such as mak confidence to be holy heer,
shall be eternally liappy herafter, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 16 and 17. Another
qualific°n of good works is to have Gods glory befor our eyes.
4 good ends in doing that which is good : to praise Gods
goodnes, to edify uthers, to shew the fruits of faith, and to
glorify God. 2 basse ends to be seen of men and to cover lust.
3 directions in doing good works : Be loyall to Christ ; try yo"^
good works evangelically ; and try their sincerity, not their
number, v. 17. 5 reasons why he evidenceth his opinion anent
the holy law of God, etc.



212 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [ii dec.

After sermons I cam home and retired to dutie in secret,
and then to the explica^n of the catechisme and family dutie.
I found this a good day, yet my heart often raved.
A thaw and misty day.

12, Munday^ 7 cC cloak. — This morning, after I was ready,
M"^ Alex"* Levingstoun cam doun to see me. We conferred about
many things, especially anent ane call to be sent to M*" Peter
Kidd to be minister at Broughtoun, and that something may be
done preparatorie y'^unto, q''in I told him S^ Jo. Cheislie, M"^
Peters good-broy% wold give his assistance. Therafter we
breakfasted together, and so he went away.

In the fornoone I did read a whyle on Baxters Holy Comon-
wealth, and wrote a letter to my brother to send me the sword
which I sent him to London by Alex^ Baillie. About 1 a'cloak
I dyned w* my wiffe, and therafter I went to Bigger to M''
Alex'*, and we sent for Pat. Kello. We charged him w* the
things proven in his processe, and w* severall uther things
privatly informed, all which he utterly denyed, and betrayed
so much ignorance and inmity to the work of God in the place^
that we thought him unfitt to be any longer ane elder, which
office also he undervalued. After he was gone we resolved to
draw his sentence, and voted in the sessioun. Therafter we
sent for Ja. Nisbit and dealt w* his conscience, and brought
him to some acknouledgm* of his sin.

About 4 a'cloak I cam doun againe, having spoken w^ W°*
Crightoun anent his good-father, who gave a very bad character
of him, viz. that he prayed not in his family. After I was
come home I did read a whyle on Clarks examples concerning
the contempt of riches, honors, and the world, and a brieff view
of the Roman Emperors, cap. 114 ; and then I retired myself
to dutie in secret and the familie.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse the Lord.
Partlie thaw, and partly snow and frost.

13 December^ Twysday, 7 a' cloak. — This morning after I was
ready, and had taken my breakfast, I went to Bigger kirk and
heard M"" Alex"" Levingstoun preach on Jude 16, concerning
2 cases q^'in murmuring is a very riffe sin. 4 duties



1 659] ADVICE TO ALEX. BERTRAM 213

required in Christians to help against this sin ; To mourne
for the evill of the tymes, to bear testimony against the
corruption therof, to be singularly holy, and to redeem the
tyme. 5 things q'^in the ill of murmuring, which is heer reproved
doth stand. 2 remydyes against murmuring in publick matters.
Tak not providence be halfs, and rest not on bare complaints.
4 remedies against it in privat cases, conclude that litle will
serve you, that its mercy your crosse is no worse, that ther
is a secret providence in all Gods dispensa^"', and that its
contrary to your vowes and promises to murmur, etc.

After sermon, I went into the sessioun, wher we did unani-
mouslie remove Pat Kello from his eldership, becaus he was
found guilty of striking, and confessed he prayed non in his
family, besyds tipling and swearing qrofF wer strong presump-
tions. The Lord purge his hous and plant it w^ men according
to his own heart.

I cam doun and dyned w* my wiffe, and in the aftemoone
I did read upon Clarks examples of Gods judgment on sabbath
breakers, and for sacriledg, examples of profane scoffers, and
how scripture and sacrament contemners have been plagued
by God, together w^ some helps to understand the scriptures
especially thes words publicans, proselyts, kings, preists, levits,
nethenins, prophets, scribes, etc.

Therafter I retired to dutie, being very unweel of the cold,
and went to bed w^out supper.

This was a tollerable good day.

A hard frost and some snow.

14, Wedmsday, 10 a'cloak. — This morning being very unweel,
and having taken a drink for the cold, I lay long to have
sweated, but was worse. After I was readie, M"^ Alex** Bertram
cam to me and complained of Coulterallei-s, but I told him it
was not fair for him to build up his litle hous, whilst it was
submitted. He desired me also to give him advice q' to doe
anent that money whicli his mother had bound herself to giv
to his broyr W'" and his son Jo", seing she was now content to
giv it to him. I told him it was hard to defraud the minor,
but I tho* he might giv it to which of his nephews wer most
thryving, and failing of both by death to his oune children.



214* ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [14 DEC.

He told me also of ane outcast betuixt the lady Culterallers
and Jean Threipland, and that Daniel was lik to be turned
ofF that Sessioun for drunknes.

Therafter I dyned, and in the afternoone I did read on
Clarks examples and outred them, especially the meaning of
thes words Nazerites, Pharisees, Saducees, Essenes, Herodians,
Groves, Sabbath, Penticost, feast of tabernacles, of trumpets,
of expiatioun, the sabbaticall yeir, the measures in scripture
both for things dry and liquid. Examples of shame and re-
proach, how sin is the forrunner of judgment ; and severall
speeches witty, pleasant and profitable. Stratagems in Scripture
and Story, Examples of superstition, and of Gods judgment
on coinon swearers, of tyrants, and of the vanity of all earthly
things : a catalogue of all the Universities of Europe. Examples
of warr and of valiant women. Therafter I retired to my dutie
in family and secret.

This was a toUerable day, but I was unweel.

A very hard frost.

15 December, Thursday/, 7 a' cloak. — This morning after I was
ready, M'" Alex"" Levingstoun cam doun to me, and he and
I went together to Broughtoun, according to the Presbries
appointm* for appreciatioun of that manse. After I cam there
I met w* the laird of Stenhope, who told me that my brother
was chosen comissioner for the shirrefdome of Pebles to go to
General Monk, and was gone upon Fryday last on his way to
Berwick. Therafter I stayed a whyle till all the members wer
come, and then I was appointed to tak the 2 workmen and mak
a note of the wholl buildings which the minister had built.

I found he had given to the former relict 260 mks., that he
had ymployed 114 dales, 41 single trees, 3 couples in the hall,
for stone work 158 lib. 18s., for wrights wages 100 mks.^ iron
work and uther material about 50 lib., so that I found he
had debursed 900 mks.; but the wright wronged him in his
informatioun.

After this we went to denner all together, and ther the laird
told ws he heard that Lambert was come the lenth of Oular^ w*
his horses.



Wooler.



1 659] BROTHER CHOSEN COMMISSIONER 215

After denner M*" Alex^^ and I wer appointed to confer w* M"^
Ro^ Broun. He souglit 1200 merks, but we told him we wold
come the lenth of 1000 mks., but finding the wright had played
the knave, we resolved M"^ Ro* should send his accompt to me
betuixt and Tuysday, at which tyme we should determine the
soume of the appreciatioun. At ny* I took leave of them and
cam away horn and found myself very unweel, and so retired.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very hard frost.



16, Fry day, 8 a'cloak. — This morning, after I was readie,
I wrote ane letter to the Lady Humbie, and sent her a loane
of Josephus, and sent my man to know how she and her
daughter was. Therafter M"" Alex"* Lev. cam doun to me, and
so I went w* him and my wifFe to Skirling, being invited to
dyne on a goose w* M"" Jo. Greg. Q" I cam ther I went to
sermon, and heard M"^ Antony Murray preach on Eccles. 7. 20.
Obs. That the best saints on earth are sinners befor God.
5 considerations to mak this appear. 6 grounds of the point.
5 things q''of few darre purge themselvs, q'*by the point is
fastened on the consciences of secure sinners. 5 things to
bewarr of which contribut to declaire the diflTerence betuixt
proud and humble persones. 6 directions what to do in this
case. 5 incouragements for w*standing our oune sinfull in-
clinations, etc.

After sermon I went and visited my sisters child that is
nursed in Skirling, and gave the woman drink money, then I
cam doun to the ministers hous q"" we dyned alltogether. I
payed Jo" White nyne libs, to mak up 30 lib. for 6 bolls of
oats which I had gotten to mak meall of. Therafter we cam
all away together, and M'^ Jo" Greg, M"" Ant. and M"^ Jo" Rae,
cam home w' me, and stayed till it was very late, and then
they went every one home.

After I had retired myself and then gone about familie
dutie, I was forced to go to bed w^out supper, I was so very
unweel of a violent defluxion and great cold I had gotten.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very hard frost and thick rouk.



216 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [i; DEC.

17 December^ Saturnday, 9 a' cloak. — This morning I lav
long in regard of my distemper w^ defluxion and cold. I did
sweat in my bed till 9 hors.

Therafter I arose, and q" I was readie I did read in the for-
noone on Rowes Hebrew grammer, but becaus I know not the
very letters, I resolve to stay for them befor I proceed any
farder in the Hebrew.

The rest of the day I spent w*in dores, being in a great indis-
positioun for reading or doing any other dutie.

Toward night dyed Marion Levingstoun, my nixt neighbor
in Mossesyd ; she was daughter to M"* Ro* Levingston, some-
tyme minister at Skirling.

This day I resaved Ires from the Lady Humbie w* some
tokens sent to my wiffe and bairnes, which scrupled my con-
science somq* to resave, yet I quieted myself in that I had
been at greater charge in her bussines. She told me also that
Wilks was imprisoned, that ther was ane uproar in the city of
London, and some souldiors and some prentices also killed,
and that Portsmouth had declared against the army ; Hezil-
rig, Morley, and Thomson being in it. I got also a letter
from Waristoun enclosed to be sent to S"^ Jo". It was open,
but of ane old date.

At night I retired myself to my weeklie search, but found a
great indispositioun therunto. Only I found God had been
kind to me through the week in any bussines I had in hand,
but I had been unweel for the most p*^, yet he helped me to
doe dutie, and so I went to bed w*out supper after dutie.

This was a heavie day to me, Lord help me.

A very vehement frost.

18, The Lords day, 7 cCcloack. — This morning after I was
readie and had done family dutie I went to Bigger kirk and
heard M"^ Alex"" Lev. lecture on Levit. 22. cap hath 2 pts.
directions touching persons exercised in worship, and touching
things to be sacrifised Obs I*' that God will stand upon very
small things especially in matters relating to worship 9P that
in thes things the Lord will mak his pouer knowen upon
mockers. 4 things necessary for sanctifying the Lords name in
worship. The hasard of dishonouring God in two things Obs.



i659] MR. LIVINGSTONES SERMONS 217

that no person is exeemed from judgment that exeems not
himself from sin. v. 17. obs. that in acts of worship we must
study theas duly myndednes. 9P that God will tak no service
off their hands whose persons are estranged from God, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 17. Christ reconciles the
law and the ghospell. Obs. that sinners are very apt to mis-
construct Christs doctrine and wayes. 5 wayes how folk may
be said to destroy the law. 4 sorts of law all which Christ ful-
filled : of nature, judiciall, ceremoniall and morall. 4 wayes
Christ is said to fulfill the moral law. 4 cases qrin the doctrine
of Christ fulfilling the law is comfortable to believers : 4 con-
clusions the beliver maks upon Christs fulfilling the law for
liim. A 4 fold use of the law now under grace etc.

In the afternoon e he lectured on Rev. 3. 7, the Epistle to
Philadelphia. The author described in 4 particulars. Obs. That
its good to tak up Christs holy styles, qrby he manifests him-
self in his word. The pouer of tlie ordinances set out under
the name of opening and shuting some high boasts of faith
anent thes 3 commendans of this church, some advantages
by not denying Christs name. Obs. that qrever God has a
church satan has a chappell etc.

Tlierafter he preached on Math. 5. 17. 4 respects in which
we are not now under the morall law. The tyme of it, the
rigidity of it, the thraldoume of it, and the condemning pouer


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 21 of 28)