Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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of it. 3 sad words to the unregenerat who have not Christ
fulfilling the law for them. 4 words of advyse to the regenerat
thereanent. 4 wayes how to manage this priviledg of having
Christ fulfilling the law for ws : 3 (|ueries answered concerning
our obligun to study conformitie unto Christ, etc.

After sermons I cam home w* my wiffe, and then retired to
dutie in secret, and so to the catechetical explicaun.

I found this a right good day, I blisse the Lord.

A very hard frost and cold.

19 Dec*"^ Mumlay, 7 a\'loak. — This morning I was still
unweel of the cold. After I was readie I did read a litle whyle
upon Clarks Geographic, especially his description of some of
the greatest cityes both in Asia and Europe, and of the Turks
Seraglio and Devan or place of Justice at Constantinople, and
the present condition of that citie as it is now under the Turks.


About 12 a'cloak I went to the burial of Marioun Leving-
stoun in Mossesyd, and convoyed her to the Kirkyard of
Biggar. I took some lifts of her corps. Therafter I spok w^
William Crightoun, and I sent ane letter to S*" Jo Cheislie from
Waristoun by M^ Ro* Levingstoun : therafter M"* Jo" Greg
and Archibald Inglis came home w* my wifFe and me and stayed
a good whyle in the afternoone. I resaved ane letter from M""
Ro^ Broun, min"* at Broughton, w* ane accomp^ of all his de-
bursments enclosed, which he liath bestowed upon the building
and paying for his manse, which extends to some more nor 800
lib., which I thought was very dear.

The rest of the afternoone I did read upon Clarks Geo-
graphie; and his description of America, and of the un-
parrelelled crueltie of the Spainards, who have killed, brunt, and
hanged above fiftie millions of natives since their first plantion
ther, which is recorded by some of their oune writers, for which
some Strang judgments of God are now falHng upon the
Spainards in thes parts, by earthquaks and thunders etc.

Afterward I retired myself and went about dutie, secret
and familie.

This day was sad to me and I was indisposed.

A very hard frost and cold.

20, Twysday^ 7 ddoal^, — This morning after I was ready I
went to Bigger and heard M"^ Alex*" Levingstoun preach on
Jude 16, last pt. Obs. That its a fruit and note of ungodlines
to walk after our oune lusts. What lusts are and diverse ex-
pressions therof in scripture. 3 things imported in walking
after o"" oune lusts. 3 demonstraons how walking after the
ilesh is ane act of ungodlines for which God will judg the
world. 4 consideraons to presse ws to abstein from fleshly
lusts : 1** walking in lust shaks oft* bands of love, 2^ Its a
walking contrary to the holy ghost, 3^ It overturns holines,
^^ It occasions strife and envy etc.

After sermon I mett w* the brethren anent the closeing
of the appreciaun of Broughtoun manse, after I had read
M*^ Ro* Brouns letter to them and his particular accompt of
debursements, which did amount to 815 lib. After much


debate in the bussines we did unanimouslie agree that he
should have 1000 merks besyds som timber the laird furnished
to the hall. I was appointed to draw the act of appreciaun.

Therafter M^ Ro^ Broun and Gilbert Broun cam doun w^
me to denner and dyned w* me, and then I went up in the
afternoone, being sent for to Lamingtoun and S*" Jo" Cheslie
anent Birthwoods bussines. We talked a long tyme, and
S"* Jo° shew me a letter from M"^ Pet Kid declaring liis great
dissatisfactioun w* his present charge in regard of the peoples
obstinacie. I told S*" Jo. to acquaint me q" he cam doun to
him : so I left them and cam home and went about dutie.

This was a tollerable day to me.

A very hard frost.

21 Dec"", Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
ready I went up to Bigger to S*" Jo" Cheislie, and did read the
Scots Duirnall shewing tliat ane petition was presented by
fourtie thousand liands to the CoiTion counsell at London,
qrupon they had desired y* city might be free of the armie. I
heard also that Gen^ Monk had granted libertie to noblemen
to cary armes, w* 4 servants armed : barons, 3 ; gentlemen,
one ; and that he had impouered nyne of the coiTiissioners to
oppose any invasioun or insurrection for the king, etc. All
which news I doubted, but they seemed to draw to some more

After Lamingtoun was gone, S"" Jo" and I went together
alone : he advysed me not to medle w^ the Lady Humbies
tennents, but to advyse her, or to order her bussines as I was
cleared by my call : he told me also he wold send me word if
ther wer any stirre in the countrey.

This day Coulterallers gave me a })aper betuixt his mother
and him y' I might give him my advyse in it. I told liiin that
I thot he wold cary it by raising a declarator and suiTiond all
the persons appointed by his father overseers to the provisioun
of his children. I cam doun at noone, and afternoone stayeti
w4n (lores reading, and this ny* entered my sone to wryting.

Therafter I retired to my dutie in secret and familie.

This was but an idle day to me.

A very liard frost all day.


22, Thursday^ 7 a cloak. — This morning after I was readie
having resaved a reproofe from my sister Jonet for unkindnes
since she was brought to bed, I made myself ready to go and
see her. My sone went w* my wiffe and me on foote. By the way
I found that M*" Alex^" Levingston had been visiting Mr. Pat
Andersone who is sick. So we went on and cam to Quodqn
about 2 a^cloak in the afternoone; we found M*" Ro^ from
home, having gone to Dunsyre. I sat a great part of the
afternoone w* my sister and found her very weell in her in-
tellectuals, but she was somq^ conceatie in her opinions and
not so solid as she wont to be. Therafter I went doun and
visited Christian Broun who had been bedfast thes 8 days.
I found her still as wilfull and high as ever, so I left my wifFe
w* her and went up staires and read a whyle upon the 2^
volumme of the book of Martyres concerning the hard usage
and many extraordinarie dispensans of Gods kindnes to Queen
Elizabeth dureing the reigne of her sister Queen Mary ; How
many plots wer layed for her life by Stephen Gardiner y* cruell
bishope of Winchester, of her imprisonment in the tower, and
then in Woodstock, and of her relieffe afterward by Philip 2
his means.

Therafter I went to supper and went about dutie in the
familie and so to bed.

This was but ane idle day to me.

A very hard frost all day.

23 Dec^, Fryday^ 8 cCclodk. — This morning being in Quodqn
after I was readie I did read a whyle upon the book of Mar-
tyres. I paid 48 sh. to Jo" Threipland to compleat 25 lib. for
5 bolls of oats to be meall, which I sent to Skirling mylne.
Therafter I did breakfast w^ my sister ; I spok w* her for some
beer for money, but found it was not expedient to me to buy
from them becaus they are somq* narrow ; so after breakfast
my wiffe and my sone and I cam away home on foot. After I
was come home and had dyned I did read upon that degression
of Mr. Durhame on cap. 5 of Apoc. concerning the extent of
the merit of Christs death, or if it may be accounted a satis-
faction for all men ; Especially that question whether reprobats
may be said to injoy any comon mercie be vertue of Christs


purchase and redemption. Axs. 1*^ no saving nor eternal mercie
is thereby procured to reprobats ; 2° yet many reprobats doe
here in tyme injoy many things which they had never injoyed
if Christ had not suffered ; S° the mercies that redound ,unto
reprobats from Christs death are not effects therof but con-
sequents, and the reprobat injoy them merlie for the elects
sake, as is clear from Math. 21. 22, becaus its Christs death as
its a satisfactioun and pryce offered in the name of any that
doth procure any good to them, and it cannot be said of any
reprobat that Christ hath borne his sines, etc.

After I had done reading I went about privat and familie
worship, and so to supper and to bed.

This day I was under great indisposition.

A very hard frost and mistie.

24, Saturnday^ 8 a'cloak. — This morning, after I was ready,
I resaved ane letter from my brother, desiring to know q" he
should come up and end that bussines w* the Lady Dutchesse
of Hamiltoun concerning Craignethan, and postponing to give
me my oune sword, unto which I wrote him ane asnwer desiring
him to come up upon Tuysday or Wednesday next.

About ten a'cloak I went up to Bigger and spoke w* M"^
Alex"*, who among uther discourses gave me a very ill character
of Hartrie, and that he had fallen out w* him a litle ; therafter
I spok w* W"^ Crightoun and uthers, who all thot the victuall
wold grow dearer : therafter I sent a letter to M"" Ro^ Broun of
Broughtoun, making him an accomp^ cj' we had done in his
appreciatioun of his manse.

I cam doun and dyned at home, and becaus ther was great
reports that the Gen. Monk had said if he pleased he could
march to London and not fight Lambert ; therafter I did read
the story of the civill warrs of France by Davila in Italian,
betwixt Henry iv. and the Duk of Maine, and of that admir-
able march of the Duk of Parma unfoughten to the reliefFe of
Paris aiuu) 1590.

Toward evening I w^drew to my weeklie search, and was
exceedingly unsatisfyed w* myself for my idlenes and uncon-
stancie and improficiency, both in my studyes and in piety, for
which I have great reason to be humble, yet at iiy* tlie I^rd


allowed me some countenance in private alone, and so through
his blessing I closed both the week and day comfortablie.
A very hard frost and cold.

25 Dec*'^ 7 acloak. — This morning, after I was ready, and had
done family dutie, I went to Bigger kirk, and heard M"" Alex""
Levingston lecture on Levit. 23, conteining directions concern-
ing holy dayes to be keeped. The sabbath, 4 ends of God's
appointing the sabbath; 2^ the passover, wherein are many
ceremonies; 3*^ The feast of Pentecost, q" the law was de-
livered ; 4° The feast of attonment. v. 27. obs. 1° that holy
dayes ought not to be dayes of carnell mirth ; 2° That a day
of attonment should be a day of afflicting the soule ; 3*^ That
God will not be bounded within his precepts ; 5° The feast of
tabernackels. v. 34. obs. that the Lord calls for thankfull
remembrance of former mercies, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 17, shewing q'*in chris-
tians stand obliged to a holy conformitie unto Christ. 1^ In
his willingnes to obey ; 2" In his graces that smell sweet ;
3^ In his wholl conversation and holy life. 4 eminent works
in which Christ doth fulfill. The great work of redemption, his
victoryes over all his enemyes, his bringing his freinds into
glory, and his fulfilling of the law, which is comfortable to
beleivers in 3 cases, viz., Satans temptations, challenges of
conscience, and unsutable walking, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Revel. 3. 9, q^'in are 2
incouragmts. Obs. 1° that all the world are either followers
of Christ or Satan ; 2^ that folk may have a good accompt of
themselvs yet have but a lye in their right hand. v. 10. That
the Lord maks much use of the graces of his freinds ; 9P That
temptations abyd the best of the sancts. 3 reasons why thes
are called tryells. v. 11. That one church may be seik of
another churche's disease, v. 14. That they are blissed y* have
Christ's name written upon them, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 18 ; the text affects the
unmoveablenes of the law ; what is meant by amen, and q* by
jot; and the wholl text exponed. Obs. that the wholl word
of God's law and ghospell is a sure abyding thing, and cannot
be altered. 4 meditations from the point. 1" for comfort in


temptation. 2^ That its not saff to wad on ouiselfes. 3^
That man be abassed and God exalted. 4° That God be not
charged with our follie, etc.

After sermons I cam home and retired to secret dutie, and
then to catechetic explication. I hear M*" Alex'' Spittell is

This was a tollerable good day, I blisse the Lord.

Snow in the night and soft all day.

26, Mtcnday, 8 a^cloaJc. — This morning after I was ready I
did again read upon Davila his storie of the civil war of France
in Italian, liber 12, qrin is the progress of the Duk of Maine
in Bretagne and of the Duk of Savoy in Province and Dauphine
for the League. The king taks Corbie, he sends the viscount
of Turene to Queen Elizabeth and to the princes of Germany,
and obteines great recruits, the Parisians think to surprise St.
Dyonise but faill, and the king to surprise Paris but faills also.
Pop Gregory 14 sends great forces to the help of the League ;
The king taks the city of Charters ; The duk of Maine taks
Castell city ; The cardinall of Bourbon maks a S""^ party of
Catholics to advance himself to the croun. The king taks
Noyon ; The duk of Guise escaps out of prison at Tours ; Ane
insurrection of the Parisians by the instiga^n of some of the
councell of 16, who cause execut the first president of the
parliat and some other counsellors.

The duk of Maine runs thither and brings the city to
obedience and executs 4 of the councell of the 16. The king
besedgetli Roan defended valiantly by tlie Duk de Villai-s, ijr
is the whole story of that famous seidg and the many salHes
and how it was releved by the Duk of Parma, and what
skirmishes wer betuixt the king and liim.

This wholl day I spent in reading this story, which runs very
pleasantly in the Italian. Having mett w^ no body, I retired
at nyt to dutie in secret and then in the family.

This day was free of outward tomptans.

A misty, softening frost.

. 27 DeCy Tioysday^ 7 o'doak. — This morning after I was
ready I went up to Bigger and mett w* M" Ro' and Tho.


Ramseye and M*" W™ Bailie, who had trysted a young man to
preach at this place, our minister being absent ; they desired
me to give him a call, which I did, having seen his testimonall
from M*" Jo. Hardie. About 11 o'cloak I heard M"^ James Craig
preach on Philip. 3. 20. In the text two things, the character
of a Christian and the motive to it. Obs. 1, That such as the
Lord has advanced to any eminency in holines ought them-
selves to be paterns of it ; 3 reasons of it. Obs. 2, that ther
is a vast disproportion betwixt the walk of the godlie and the
wicked man. 3 reasons of it. Obs. 3, that the evidence of a
trew christian is to be taken from the constant track of his
conversa". Obs. 4, That the great dutie of believers is to be
constantlie trading with God. 4 reasons and 4 uses of it, etc.

After Sermon I spok w^ the Ministers and gave my opinion
that I thought him a good young man but his parts were but
moderate, yet his pui-poses were solid and apposite.

This day I hear that Gen. Monk is still on the border w*^
his forces aud Lambert at Newcastle. That our Commyssioners
who wer at Berwick did nothing almost, but wer exhorted to
keep the peace, and some of them got libertie to carry armes ;
and that there is still a depending treatie amongst the

M"^ Ro* Broun and Gilbert cam doun and dyned w* me and
stayed till neer ny*. The rest of the afternoone I spent in
reading on Davila, and so toward night I retired myself to my
secret and familie dutie.

This was a toUerable day to me.

A continued frost, except one hour at midday,

28, Wednesday, 7 acloal: — This morning after I was ready
I did read upon Durhame on the Revelation cap. 6, concerning
y^ notable head of the extent of Christs satisfaction, and how
he overturnes the Arminian tenet, and that of Cameron con-
cerning univ''sall condition redemption, also his previous dis-
course for better understanding the sealls and the trumpets
and vialls, and how the 7 sealls are understood of heathenish
persecu" of the church ending q"^ Constantine began, ano 303,
and the trumpets of anti-christian persecuo" ending ano 1500.

My brother cam to our hous about noone and dyned ; ther-


after I sent away my man to Karswell desiring S"^ Jo" to meet
us to-morrow, so my brother resolved to stay all ny*, and he
told me all that had passed at Berwick; how the noblemen cam
there thinking to have gotten regiments. My brother was
made Clerk of the Commissioners meeting, and they gave him
five proposalls to the Generall, all in order to have a leavie of
forces to assist him, and the Gen" gave them ane answer which
did not pleas them fully. So y^ for that tyme they took back
their proposalls and gave the Gen" back his answer. The
Commissioners were almost all very forward for a leavie,
especially Glencairne, Calander, Durie, Carden, Rossie, Ogilby,
Selkirk, Hartfell, Drumlanerig, Ramsey, Hoome, etc. The
Gen" appointed the noblemen, gentlemen, and Justices of peace
in each County to execut his orders from tyme to tyme.

Therafter we retired a whyle, and then cam and supped
together, and so after dutie to bed.

This was a tollerable day to me.

Hard frost and a great snow at n^

29 Dec^, Thursday, 6-7 dcloak. — This morning after I was
ready my brother and I did breakfast together, and then we
went to Quodqn wher we found M"" Ro* Broun and M' Arch
Porteous. I resaved a letter from S*" Jo" Clieislie, desiring us
to send to Lanerick to try if James Hamilton was there, and
to come over to Kerswell. So I sent a man to Lanerick for y*
purpose. Therafter my brother and I stayed and dyned w*
M"* Ro^ and my sister. He told us the neues at Berwick was
that Lambert was exceeding sick by a fall on the yce : that
Monk refused to treat. That many touns had declared for
Monk, and y* London was lyk to do it also.

After denner my brother and I cam away and went to
Kerswell, wher we mett w' S*" J", and desired him to go along \t^
us to help to close that bussines with my Lady Dutchesse ; but
he forsed us to stay all n^ w' him. So we fell upon the debate
of it, and judged it best first to speak w^ Ja Hamiltoun, and
that my brother should promise him a gratuitie to give us his
assistance, and thereafter to send S"" Jo" word to go to Hamil-
toun w^ us if we found our bussines faisable. Therafter we
fell upon telling of neues, and my brother told ws that it was


226 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [29 dec. 1659

very likly Monk wold carrie his bussines, becaus he had many
freinds, and had enlarged his quarters into Ingland, and that
ther wold liklie be a rancounter pntlie.

Therafter we read a declaration of Okey, Morley, and some
uther officers, and so I went to supper w^ the rest and then
to dutie.

This was but a raving day for ye most p*.

A hard frost and some snow.

30, Fryday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning being in Kerswell
after I was readie and had taken leave of S*" Jo", my brother
and I cam away to Lanerick and not finding Jam. Hamiltoun
there after we had stayed ane houer, we went doun Clyd
together to Nethenfoot, and then he went up to the Fensse and
I went doun to Threipwood to see the barne yards in q* con-
dition they wer, and Alex^ Forest w* me. I found ther yards
prettie full, and desired them not to prejudg me of the yeirs
rent. And becaus most of them were from home, I desired
them all to meet me to-morrow morning at Lanerick.

Abo* 3 a'cloak my brother and I met againe at the Cross-
furd and went in and took a drink w* all the tennents. Ther-
after we cam up to Lanerick together, and ther my brother
mett w* Ja. Hamilton, but though he offered him a gratuity yet
fcould he not fasten him that ny*, only he thought somq* of
50 lib. payable to the minister of Lesmehego might be rebated.

Whilst they wer at this comuning I went doun to the hall
and saw the mistres, who told me a sad disaster fallen upon
M' Jo" Homes family; that M"" Ro*^ Home had goten his
daughter w* child and she was wtin 5 weeks of her tyme.
Then Marg* Ralstoun cam in and saw me and desired my
advice what she should do w* Ja Bordland. I advysed her to
go on against his cautioner.

Then my brother made me a relation of all that passed
betwixt him and Ja. Hamiltoun, and so we went to supper and
therafter to dutie and so to bed.

This day was a raving day to my spirit.

A hard frost all day.

31 Dec''^ Saturnday, 6-7 a'cloak. — This morning being in


Lanerick after I was readie being someq* unweell becaus of my
rising in the night at the ringing the comon bell at mid-
night, becaus my lord Carmichaells kitchen had taken fire and
burned a litle but was quenched againe, James Hamiltoun cam
in to my brother and agreed to do his utmost to aggrie my
brothers bussinas with my Lady Dutchess, and promised to
meet w* S*" Jo" Cheislie once the next week for that effect. So
my brother went away home, and I wrote a letter to S*" Jo" and
sent my man w* it acquainting him w^ the wholl bussines.

About 10 a'cloak the tennents of Threipwood cam to me,
and after much debating and representing their hard cond**"*
and the death of horses, and their penurie, I took upon me to
settle w* them for 600 merks, and so gave them doun 80 merks
wherew* they were contented. I resaved from them some
money, viz*, frae James Hastie in Sandy holme 40 lib., fra John
Forest 20 lib., fra Marg* Gilleis 20 lib., fra John Hastie in
Threipwood 13 lib. 13^^ 4^ fra Ja. Hamiltoun 8 lib., and fra
Helen Lockhart 13 lib. 7^*^ 4^, and therafter I cam away home
to the Stone.

After I was cam home toward night I retired myself to my
weeklie search, and found that notwithstanding my unclose
walking, yet the Lord had been very kind to me. I found my
spirit much out of tune this week, and my language not
circumspect and closse aneugh, my ordinary tempt""" of com-
pany prevailing against me, the Lord pardon me. So after dutie
the Lord was pleased to close the night, the week and the month
and the yeir comfortably to me : To him be the praise for ever,
Amen, Amen, Amen.

A hard frost all day.

1 Januarii 1660, The LonTs day^ 7 tCcloak. — This morning
after I was ready and had done familie dutie I went to Bigger
kirk and heard M' Alex' Lev. lecture on Levit. 29. In the
cap. 4 things concerning keeping oile in the lamp. Anent the
shewbread, blasphemie punished, and some laws of revelation.
From the first, ods. That religious worship may not lie
menteined but upon that which cost painos and Ial)our. 2"
that all our light is in Christ, z'. 5. tliat God never wanted
ordinances to feed his people, r. 10. that unholy marying


cannot but prove a snare in the latter end. 2° that it ""s a
dangerous thing to give way to passion, becaus it may prove
the seed of revenge, v. 12. that it is the judges part to judge
for the I^ord, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 18. q'rin upon his former
observation of the stabiHty of the law and ghospell he added
2 more meditations. I*' that the Christian in all duties
undertakes in the strenth of the Lord, and so cries down
selff. 2° That heaven purchased by Christs satisfaction is
better nor it had been purchased by our fulfilling the law had
it been possible. The obedience of carnall men that if God
had given them more grace they wold have managed it better,
answered. 4**^ that a reprobat might say if he had been
elected he had used his grace better, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on Revel. 3. 14, etc. the epigtle to
Laodicea. 5 things in it : a description of Christ, a descrip-
tion of them, a counsell given to them, a reason of the
counsell, and ane encouradgement. Obs. that Christ has sealed
the truth of all that was forprophesied of him. 2^ that it is
a great guilt in a kirk or a person to be lukwarme in
religion. 3 reasons of it. v. 16. that though God may suffer
lukwarm folk for a whyle, yet he will spew them out at last.
V. 17. That folks may have a great conceit of themselves, of
whom God hes no conceit at all, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 18, and added 3 more
answers to that objection, that if God had given more grace
to men they wold use it better. 1° A mistak becaus they use
not weel the litle they he v. ^^ Its a setting doun on Gods
throne. 3^ Its a questioning God's sovereigntye. 2 uses : 1^ to
be diligent in the use of the means : 2^ not to scarre at Christ
becaus you think him a stranger, for neglect of means is most
fearfuUie punished, etc.

After sermons I cam home, and retired myself in secret, and
then went about my catechetick explication.

My heart was somq* out of frame this day.

A very cold day, and strong frost.

2 Jan*'y Munday, 7 a'cloah. — This morning after I was
readie and had sent away my servants to mak ten bolls of


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 22 of 28)