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Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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oats in Skirling mylne, I retired myself to my book all this
day, and did read on Durhame on the Revela", cap. 6, especi-
ally q^ is requisite for understanding the sealls, and how by
the opening of the 6'^ seall, ther is a dreadfull judgment
fortold upon the Roman empire and its heathen and persecut-
ing emperors, and some excellent considerations drawen to
clear the same out of historic from Eusebius and the Magdeb.
Centur. : which agree well w* the type, etc.

Therafter I dyned with my wiffe and children, and in the
afternoone I resaved ane letter from S*" Jo" Cheislie, showing
me that the Comittee of Saftie had made a proclama", Dec"* 14,
for a Parliat to sitt down Jan*" 24, and to which the City
of London had acquiesced. The conditions are that the army
shall continue under the present conduct. 2^° That the
electors and elected shall be according to former qualifications.
3^ that the legislative and executive power shall be in severall
hands, and yet both chosen by the people. 4'' No king nor
single person nor hous of peers, and Scotland to be a 16**^ part
of all priviledges and burdens, also so that our Comissioners
will be nynten : I was glad to hear the news and wishes that
the Gen" might condescend. The rest of the day I spent in
reading out all the lectures on cap. 6 of Revel., and therafter
I retired myselfto dutie in secret and family.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse God.

A great frost and snowie afternoone.

3, Twysday, 7 a'cloak. — This morning after I was ready and
had taken my breakfast I went to Bigger Kirk and heard M*"
Alex"" Levingston preach on Jude 16, concerning men walk-
ing after their own lusts. 3 further considerations anent this
point : 1" that therby we (|uite our interest in Christ ; 2" Christ
ingageth ws to forsak lusts upon the accompt of grace and
not soveraignitie ; 3° that we can gaine nothing by following
them. 2 cautions. 1<* beware of temptations to foster lusts ;
2° study mortification. 2 words of use: 1" to them that think
they have overcome their lust its often lik a brasen 8er}ient;
2° to them tiiat are discouraged in wrestling to be much in
imploying Christ, etc.

After sermon I went into the Sessioun, wher we only gave



230 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [3 JAN.

some reliefF to severall persons that were in distresse. Ther-
after I cam home and dyned, and read the rest of the day on
Durhame upon the Revel, cap. 7.

Toward night I resaved a letter from S*" Jo. Cheislie desir-
ing me to mak him ane accompt hou I settled that bussines
betwixt Margaret Ralstoun and James Boreland. I resaved
aIso a letter from Ja. Boreland, shewing me that he was
imprisoned at Marg. Ralstouns instance, and desiring me to
write to her in his favours. I wrote ane ans"* to S"^ Jo" in this
and concerning James Hamiltoun also, and another letter to
Ja. Boreland, one to Margaret Ralstoun and one to Alex*"
Forrest conform to S"" Jo" Cheislie's desire. Therafter I retired
myself to duty in secret and the family.

This was a tollerable day also.

A very hard frost and cold.

4 Jany.^ Wednesday^ 7 cCdodk. — This morning after I was
readie I did read constantlie on Durhame on Reve', and ended
his lectures on cap. 7 befor noone, wher I find that he inter-
prets the said chap, of the churches libera*^"" from the con-
tagion of error and heresie, after her persecutioun under the
antichrist. And he gives the reasons why Dan is not counted,
as also why Levi is put in and why its called the tribe of
Joseph and not of Ephraim ; and by the innumerable multi-
tude v» 9 is meant the increase and libertie of the church after
the darknes of antichrist is over, and the gospell of new as it
was sent through the earth, the saints then shall be inumerable
and full victors, etc.

About noone I dyned w* my wyffe, and therafter I met with
James Broun in Heaviside, and paid him for 4 bolls of beer w*-
single charity^ to be malt 26 libs. 6^'S and thereafter I went to
my book again till night, and read from verse 11, cap. 7, whence
OBS. 1, that the floorishing of the church is one of the greatest
evidences of Gods glorie. v» 14. that Gods people in difficult
tymes wold be acquainting themselvs w*, and confirming them-
selvs in the faith of the happie estate of glorie. %^ that the
most righteous either actively or passively have more of



This obsolete expression seems to mean a luck-penny of small amount.



i66o] CANDIDATES FOR CRICHTON 231

Christs satisfaction to mak them whyt. v. 15. that uninter-
rupted serving of God and uninterrupted communion w^ God
go together, etc., and so I endit cap. 7.

Therafter I retired myself to my dutie in secret and in the
family, and so to supper.

I found this a tollerable but melancholie day.

A hard frost and some drift and snow.

5, 'Thursday^ 7 cCcloak. — Tiiis morning after I was ready
I did read on Durhame on Reve^ cap. 8, q"" it is said ther
was silence in heaven for half ane houer, qrby is meant that
quietnes and peace that was in the church for a very short
tyme in Constantines dayes betwixt the ceasing of persecutors
and the rising of Donatists and Arrians and uther heretiques.
Also what is meant by the angels mixing of incense and his
casting of fire upon the earth.

About 11 a'cloak the lady Humbie sent a man to me w^
letters, desiring me to draw a petitioun to hear some moe
preach in order to Crightoun, which I did, and dispatched the
man imediatlie w* another letter to the lady. She shew me
also that Portsmouth was beseiged by the army, but the
souldiers had delivered up their officers to thes witin the toun
who wer for the parliat., viz., Hasilreg, Morly, and AValtoun ;
that Lambert had left Newcastle and marched south, that
Monk was following him, and M"" Sharp ^ was convoying him,
and that Fairfax was in York w' 5000 men, and Desborrow
had surrendered the touer to the parliat ; All which are very
strange revolutions.

About 2 o'cloak after denner I went up to Bigger and
moved to M"^ Alex"* that he wold doe his best for M"^ Peter
Kids transport*"*, and he promised. Then I cam home againe
and therafter cam M*" John Grejj and his sister and M"^ Jo" Rae
and his wifTi^. They stayed and supped w^ me, and then stayed
all ny*. So I retired myself, and M"" John Greg did dutie in
the family.

This was a tollerable good day.

A hard frost and some snow.



^ Mr. James Sharp, afterwards Archbishop of St. Andrews.



232 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [6 JAN.

, 6 Jaii^, Fryday, 6-7 a cloak. — This morning after I was ready
I did breakfast w* M'" Jo" Rae, etc., at home. Therafter I
went up to Bigger, and M'" Alex*" Lev. went w* me to Kerswell
to visite Sir Jo" becaus of the Strang revolutions. We found
Dolphinston there and learned further news that the long
parliat. had sitten doun December 25 ; That Fleetwood and the
officers at London had retired to meet Lambert; that Sir
Arthur Hasilrig with the forces that cam to besidg Ports-
mouth were com to London to guard the parliat. ; and that
Lambert and his officers wold petition for their indemnitie.

About noone we went together privatlie and spent some
tyme in prayer, each of ws by turne for the Lords work and
people, that they might not suffer at this tyme, and par-
ticularly for Waristoun that the Lord wold preserve him and
extricat out of his present straits.

About 2 acloak M'^ Robert Lockhart cam and brought ws
word that ther wer som appearances of the countries rising.
Sir Jo" told me as to our bussines of Fensse; that my lady Alex'"
was dead; and my lord Selkirk was not like to be at home this
fourtnight. So we could have no tryst; also that my Lady
Calendar is dead ; and so after we had stayed till neer sunsett
I cam away home and found my wiffe very sick. So I did read
a litle upon Durhame, and then retired myself in secret, and
so went about dutie in the familie and then to supper.
, This was no ill day, and the Lord helped me in duty.

A hard frost and snowie.

1, Saturnday^ a' cloak. — This morning, after I was ready,
I did read on Durhame concerning Christ's intercession. There
are thes things in it: I'' A sympathie and fellow feeling in
our Lord ; 2** it stands in his appearing in heaven in o*" name ;
3° his declared willingnes to have such and such prayers
granted ; 4° there is a holy adoration of Gods gobdnes,
wisdom, etc. The grounds of o"" consolaun by this ir^terses-
sion lyes in these : 1° the intercessor is the Fathers equall ;
9P the Father appointing him into this office by oath ; 3^ this
intersession is in reference to all cases ; 4^ its very efficacious ;
Christ can refuse no cause put on him ; 5^ This intercession
is sovereign and free when we are litle thinking on it; &*



i66o] PRAYERS FOR WARISTON 233

becaus there is a human sympathie in the man Christ Jesus, and
then qrin this sympathie consists, and how this consolation
is to be improven, etc.

I dyned w^ my wiffe and children, and stirred not out all
this day, being very foul, but in the afternoone, after! had
read a while upon the historic of this yron age, I retired
myself to my weeklie search, and found indeed nothing qrin I
had done my m"" service this week, and so I accounted it lost,
jet the Lord has had a special! care of me, both at home and
abroad, and has assisted me also in dewtie, blissed be his name.
I am resolved from this tyme forward to mak mention of
Waristoun in my prayers, till the Lord send some outgate, and
whilst the Lord gives me quietnes. At ny* the Lord was
pleased to countenance me, and close both the night and the
week weel, blissed be he.

This was a sad day to me.

A very great snow and drift and frost.

8 Jamiar^ The Lords day^ 7 a' cloak. — This morning, after I
was ready, and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger Kirk,
and heard M'^ Alex^ Lev. lecture on Levit. 25. The cap. hath
3 parts : directions concerning a sabbath of yeirs, a sabbath of
jubilee, and how the poor had to be provyded for. 4 reasons
why ilk 7*^ yeir was to be keeped holy, the fiftieth yeir jubilee
was a type of heaven, being a resting from all labour, the
^th ygj^. ijrought furth three years fruit, v. 14. obs. that God
taks notice how farr we wrong: one another in the least matter;
2** that q*" the fear of God is not in the heart, there will be
robbery and oppression ; 3° that our elder brother Christ may
redeem qtsoever we have lost or mortgaged, v. 34. That the
Lords Israel cannot be delapidated, but they have a ry' of
redemption through their elder bro% etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 19. Christ vindicats his
doctrine from the aspersion of being destructive to the law.
Ry kingdom of heaven is meant the state of grace in the visible
church, all men branched in 3 classes by our Lord Christ.
Obs. that allowed practices of disobedience to the law in the
smallest things is a very fearful! and censurable thing. 3 reasons
of it. 2 considera"" be way of use. 1° bewar to call aiiy



234 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [8 JAN.

sin small. 2° bewar to be holding and drawing with God in a
small matter; a litle lake may sink a ship, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on Rev^^ 3. 17, etc. 3 things in it,
Laodicea, her estate, her judgment of it, and Christs counsell
to her. Obs. 1, that God marks the heart language of the hypo-
crite ; 2*^ that its ane ordinary thing for soules that are poor to
judge themselves rich ; S^ that soules may be in a very deplor-
able condit", and not know of it; 4*^ that it speaks reality of grace
to be content of a discovery of sin from the counsell ; obs. that
there is a suitablenes in all Christs mercies unto our wants, etc.

Therafter he preached on Mat. 5. 19 ; pure and holy obedi-
ence to the law hes 4 excellent concomitants. 3 things from
whence proceeds inability to keep God's commandments ;
3 things to be done for getting the commandments keeped ;
2 things wairned of to help us to keep the dutie in the text :
I*' conclude we have no strenth ; ^'^ run to Christ for help, etc.
After sermons my wiffe swerfed in the kirk,^ and I got her
home through the Lords help, and so I retired, and then to
the catechisme in the family.

I found this a very good day, I blisse God.

A very cold, sharp, frostie day.

9, Munday, 7 dcloak. — This morning, after I was ready,
John Aitken cam doun to me, and I spoke to him to ingadg
to be the Lady Humbies maltman ;^ he promised to take it to
advisment, and therafter to acquaint me q" I went east. About
nyne a"'cloak I went through all my papers that I have in this
house, and put them in order, and all the missive letters I have
resaved these two years past, which took up most part of the
day. About noon Jonet Veitch cam doun and dyned w* ws,
and was telling ws what great distance M"* Gilespie keeped in
his own hous in Glasgow, when she was ther, and how useful
his wife was to him.

In the afternoone I did write ane letter to my sister Mary,



^ Fainted in the church.

'^ This shows that a maltman was a hired retainer at Humbie. Th6 quantity
of malt made and brewed into ale for the household at the Stone, evidenced by
the various entries in the Diary, was considerable. Ale was then the common
beverage of Scotland, though it afterwards gave way to more potent waters.



i66o] MALTMAN FOR HUMBIE 235

and my wiffe sent her in ane dusson of foules, and after that I
went to my book and did read on Durhame on the Rev. cap. 8,
V. 5, 6, 7. Obs. that spirituall judgments of error and schisme
may follow a praying tyme and a praying frame of Gods
people; 2° that there is a fire that cometh from the alter that
hath very terrible effects. Note here, that the fifth trumpet
looketh clearly to antichrist, which fell out to be about the
600 yeir or a little therafter. By earth is understood the visible
church, by trees eminent professors. The Arrian heresie, and its
effects, are especially held furth by the first trumpet, etc.
After I had done I retired.

And found this a tollerable good day.

A very hard frost, but fair.



10 January^ Twysday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
ready I did read upon Durhame on Reve', cap. 8, qrin he applies
the 2^ trumpet to the contentions that followed on the Council
of Nice, which confirmed the universality of the bishop of Rome
above uther bishops; the 3^ trumpet he applies to Pelagius
and his heresie, which was in anno 415, or it may be applyed
generally to the state of the church under the 5 century. The
4*** trumpet he applies to the 6^^ centurie, at which tyme ther
was no particular heresie nor eminent heretic, but was only
famous by the pride of Jo", bishop of Constantinople, who
first usurped the title of univ"'all Patriarch. He also applyeth
the 5^^ trumpet unto the papal kingdom, q'^of the pope is
the head, which had its rise and publick apj^earance about
the yeir 600, for proofe q'of he relates the whoU fruits and
maner of proceeding thereof, by Abaddon he means the pope,
and by the locusts the Romish clergy, etc.

I dyned about noone w* my wifte alone, and in the after-
noone I did read again on Durhame concerning the comfortles
grounds that popery layeth doun for the comforting of j)oor
afflicted consciences ; and so went on to the 6 trumpet, i\\k he
applyes to the dominion of the Turks, and the great strenth,
crueltie, and poisonous doctrines of Mahomet, qrin he relates
ther begining, groutli, and persecution against Christians,
being first Saracens, then Turks, and their conquests, etc.



236 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [lOjAN.

Therafter I retired myself toward night and went to dutie,
having been within dores all day.

This was a tollerable day, but heavie.
A very thorough thaw this day.

11, Wednesday, a cloak. — This morning after I was readie
I went to my book, and read on Durhame, Reve. cap. 9, con-
cerning the idolatrie of the Church of Rome. Scripture con-
demns a 2 fold idolatrie both qn the image is accounted God
and qn it is made use of in the worship of him who is God,
the last is the Church of Rome. Some idolatrous practices of the
Church of Rome reckoned, worshipping of images under qt
notion soever is condemned and proven idolatrous by several!
arg**, cap. 10 holds furth a large consola^"*^ to Christians under
that sad cond" of the church under anti-Christ, and the rise
of the Turks. The litle book is the same mentioned cap. 5,
but now in the hands of the mediator and opened by him ; we
see much of this prophecy fulfilled in our days, so that we are
now under the 7*^ trumpet.

After I had dyned alone w* my wifFe I did read on him
againe in the afternoone concerning prophesying, which he taks
up in a 3 fold considera"", and clears it in 7 assertions. Then

I did read that head concerning a ministers particular message
to a particular auditorie, and if it may be againe and againe
insisted on and repeated, wherein he discourses judiciouslie
which is very necessarie to be made use of by ministers. Cap.

II till V. 15, he shows ther is another consol" to theChurch under
popery and Mahometanisme, that even ther should be a Church
provided for by God, and that ther should be prophets and
preachers of the ghospell, although both pastors and people
should be few and in a low estate outwardlie, etc.

I stayed wHn all day not meeting with any, and then
retired.

I found this day tollerably free of outward tempta°"^.

A very fair day and raw frost. .

12 January, Thursday, 7 a"" cloak. — -This morning after I was
readie I did read upon Durhame on Reve^, cap. Jl, concerning
the reviving of the witnesses, q' he asserts thes dayes heer riot



i66o] PRESUMPTION OF WITCHES 237

ended are expyred, and that the killing of the witnesses is now
fulfilled, so that the 7*^ trumpet hath sounded, and our tyme
is to be reckoned as under it, and that the 1260 dayes or yeirs
began about the yeir 300 after the heathen world was over-
turned, and ended about the yeir 1560 when reforma'^" was
established by law at Ausburg in Germany, which he proves
by very many reasons and from historie also. I dyned alone
w^ my wiffe, and therafter I walked up to Bigger and found
that M"* W™ Hamiltoun and M"" Jo" Oliphant, w* some elders
of Evendale, had been ther presenting a call to M' Alexander
Levingstoun to the Kirk of Evendale, but missing him from
home they left it in write at his house. Therafter I cam doun
againe, and did read till night on Durhame concerning that
point how the Lord hath constantly had some witnesses of his
truth in his Church in all ages, as is acknowledged by Bellar-
mine and Reinerius, popish writers, called pauperes de Lug-
duno et Waldenses and Albigenses; therafter I did read con-
cerning the Waldenses and Reinerius, his catalogue of his
errors, as he calls them, all agreeing with our tenets excepting
q"^ they are calumniated, etc.

At night I retired myself, having been w*in all day.

I found this day prettie free of outward tempta"*.

A fair day and hard frost.

IS, Fryday^ 7 a'cloak. — This morning after I was readie and
had taken my breakfast I went to Skirling sermon on foot, and
heard M*" Jo" Greg preach on Ps. 119. 8. Obs. 1, that the
more a man is ingagded to serve God the more he sees his
oune weaknes. Ohs. 2, that the man that in realitie intends
to keep Gods statutes he must above all things studie nearness
to God. 4 things imported in the text for clearing of the
doctrine. 7 reasons of the point. 3 uses of it. 5 directions
for keeping neer God. 1, get your heart ncer him, 2, close the
bargane w^ him, 3, hold your heart humble, 4, bewarr of any-
thing that may provoke him to depart, and 5, you must pray
much, etc.

After sermon M' Jo" and Alex' Baillie convoyed me almost
hoine, and informed me of some presumptions of witches
amongst them. Alex"^ shew me he had bought all Skirling



238 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [13 JAN.

victuall at 11 merks the boll, and so Jonet Veitch and I cam
home and dyned together w* my wifFe.

After noone I went to Bigger and visited M"^ Alex"", newlie
come from Ed"", who told me he heard Lambert had set up his
standard at Notingham, that Monk was richly rewarded, that
the Parliament had passed ane act of indemnity, that the fleet
was declared for the parliat. and the most part of the counties
of Ingland, and for privat news that M"" Ged Penman, his
mater, is to be opened on Sabbath com 15 dayes, and M"^ Rich.
Houisone is to preach on Sabbath come 8 dayes, and that the
brethren of Lithgo are not yet reconciled.

At night I cam home and retired myself to dutie.

I found this a tollerable good day,

A fair day and very hard frost.

14 January^ Saturnday^ 8 a cloak. — This morning I lay long
becaus I had waked long in the night, and did read becaus I
could sleep none. After I was ready I did read on Durhame
on Reve^ cap. 11, v, 15. concerning the 7*^ trumpet rores is the
begun ruin and fall of anti- Christ, also that head concerning
the constituting of trew churches by refora"" out of these that
have been corrupt, also concerning the churches deliverance of
a man child of reforma"" and her preserva"" being in a wilder-
nes condt", etc. cap. 8.

Therafter I resaved a letter from my brother anent a tryst
w^ my lord Selkirk and anoy^"" w^ S*^ Ja. Douglas and to buy
some meal to him, to which I wrote ane answer that I could
not get my L. Selkirk at leasure till his sister the lady Alex"*
wer buryed, which was to be the nixt week if it be fair
weather. I dyned alone w* my wifFe, and after denner my sone
contracted a very heavy sickness and went to bed in a great
distemper, the Lord sanctifie it to him and me. Towards ny*
Alex"* Bailly and Jo" Young cam in to see me and therafter
went away home.

Then I went about my weekly search, but being in some
distemper for my sone did it not so accuratlie as I ought, yet
I was convinced of much lost tyme, and that in my reading I
profited not so much as I might and therfor I resolved in all
my study es hereafter to be more w* God and seek his blessing



i66o] DEATH OF LADY ALEXANDER 239

thereto by prayer, so the Lord helped me to end the day and
week comfortablie.

A sad, melancliolick day to me.

A fair day, but hard frost.

15, The Lords day, 7 d'cloak. — This morning after I was
ready and had gone about family dutie, I went to Bigger Kirk
and heard M"" Alex. Lev. lecture on Lev. JiJ6. 1-14. Two things
in this part, the dutie required and the mercifull encourage-
ments qrby he presseth it. v. 1. obs. that setting up of self
is voluntary idolatrie. v. 3. that God givs ws good things to
ingadge ws to duties of holines. v. 4. that the better wee
serve God the more plentifull shall of increase be. v, 5. that
God has power over all the creatures that they shall not hurt
his people, v. 9. that our mercies are great q" they are the
fruits of the cov*, utheryise away w*^ them, etc.

Therafter he preached on Mat. 5. 20, which is the 4^*^ arg^ for
clearing Christ from the impt*'" of being against the law.
The words are explained. Obs. that its follie to look for
heaven except your ryteousnes exceed that of scribes and
pharisees wherin the righteousnes of scribes and phai'isees
doth consist ; againe the ryteousnes better than that is,
the exercise of holienes flowing from the faith of interest
in Christs ryteousnes. It hath 2 things in it. It hath neu
prinlls and hath better ends. 3 bastard ends in performing
of dutie carnall and revilleness, naturall ends and legall ends,
all which we must bewarr of, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Rev. 3, 19. etc. Obs. that
its the holy art of Christianity to judg rightly of God under
smyting dispensa^"^ 2*^ that a rebuke that ingadgeth the
heart to dutie is a desirable thing, v. 20. that Christ is
sedulous in his offer. 2" That the offer he maks is to any
that will accept it. 3" that (piever Christ comes to a soule
and finds ane open door he will feast that soule. v. last, that
its ane incouradgment to , wrestlei*s, that in the end of their
journey they sliall be set doun upon a thron. 2" that (|tever it
be Christ says unto the Churclies we are bound to hear it, etc.

Therafter he preached on Matt. 5. 20. Four reasons of the
former doctrine that or ryteousnes must exceed that pf scribes



240 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [15 JAN.

and pharisees. 4 things like unto rigteousnes, and yet are not>
viz*, civility, morality, restraining grace, and morall grace. 4
things which discovers civility to be y* and nothing more, viz*,
I*' ignorance of God, 2^ litle of Christ, S^ some grosse sin,
and 4° greater care to keep the tongue nor the heart, etc.

After sermons I cam home and found my sone much better,
for which I blisse the Lord. Therafter I retired to secret
dutie, and then to the catechisme.

This was a good day, blessed be God.


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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 23 of 28)