Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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A very bitter frosty day, and some snow.

16 Januar?/, Munday, 7 a" cloak. — This morning after I was
ready I sent away my man to Haystoun for some money from
my brother, and also to Deuchar for the kane foules qranent
I wrote a letter to Jon Forest.

Therafter I did read on Durhame on Rev. 11. 12. The
vision in this cap. points out anti-Christ in the cheife periods
of his ryse, reigne, and ruine, and is the same with the pro-
phecies conteined in the sealls and trumpets ; that the woman
is the Church, and her seed is Christ mysticall. Many reasons
why the man child heer is not to be understood of Christ
personal, though it may allude to him. The Churches first
battell is till v. 7. And more fullie explicated till v. 13. Obs.
that q" the Church seemest weakest, like a woman travelling,
and enemys seem strongest like a great red dragon, even then
the Church is strong, and has mor for her nor against her.

I dyned at noone w* my wiffe and children. My son being
still unweell, and therafter I did read the rest of cap. 12. Rev.
from V. 13, concerning a neu tryell of the church, the tyme
of it being betwyxt the heathen persecu^", and the open appear-
ing of anti-Christ, and is most contemporat w* the first
4 trumpets. By the earth is understood the visible church at
that tyme, which was declyning from the simplicity of the
ghospell and becoming earthly in her services and admini-
g|.j.^sons g^g contra distinguished from the pure members yrin.
4 reasons of this exposi"", etc.

After I retired myself and then went to family dutie, and
so to supper and bed.

I found myself somq* indisposed this day.

A very cold day and frost.


17, Twysday^ 7 acloak. — This morning after I was ready I
perceived my sone grow worse againe and the defluxioun stryke
out in his face. After breakfast I went to Rigger kirk and
lieard M^^ Alex"^ Levingston preach on Jude 16, concerning
speaking of great swelling words ; the text understood 4 wayes :
bhisphemy, self glorifac", crying down uthers, and proud
words ; OBS. that its gracelyk and speaks out holines to bewar
of proud, swelling words, or boasting expressions in reference to
any of the 4 abovenamed. 4 reasons of the point. 3 motives to
guard against vaine boasting. 4 remedies by way of counsell,
how we may shun vaine boasting and proud wordes. Watch over
y"^ wordes, guard your hearts weel, pray much, and be much
in christian conference, etc.

After sermon I went in to the Sessioun, wher we concluded
the act of suspending Pat Kello from his eldership dureing or
pleasure, also ane act of constitu^" of or Sessioun of the pre-
sent members, secluding all utliers who had been formerly.
Therafter M'" Alex"^ invited me to his chamber to conferre w*^
him anent his call to Evendale, which weighted him somq*.
We debated all the reasons pro et con, and left it till the
elders cam up to resave his answer theranent.

I entreated M^^ Arch. Porteous to visite my sone, which he
did, and appointed some things for hin).

Therafter I cam home, and seeing my sone worse, and hear-
ing that my sister Jonet was growen worse, it made me very
melancholick, yet the Lord lielped me to go about dutie both
private and secret comfortablie, blessed be he.

This was a sad but no ill day, I blisse hin».

A fair day but a hard frost.

18 January, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I
was ready I applyed some vineger w^ the Houre of brimstone to
my sone's face, which was fearfully broken out w* a violent
deHuxion. Therafter I did read on Durliame on Kev. con-
cerning the unity of the Catholick visible Church. How the
Church of Jewes and Gentiles is but one Church and shall still
be one even after the Jews are ingrafted againe. So y* it is
absurd for Papists to plead that their visible Church is Catlio-
lick seeing the visible Church is one, also that the Catholick

242 ANDREW HAY^S DIARY [i8jan.

is the first Church from whence all particular churches doe
flow, and the objection answered how presbyteries then can
be before synods.

I dyned about noone w* my wiffe, and in the afternoone I
did read again on Durham on cap. 13, how the beast that
arose out of the sea is anti-Christ, which appeareth by all the
characters given unto him. The wounding of the head is to
be interpreted of heathen Emperors and idolatrie under them
and their translation to Constantinople, and their healing is
the restitution of that idolatrie at Rome under Ante-christ at
this tyme 5 heads were passed and the 7*^ to come, which is
to be interpreted of Papacie, and the curer of this wound is
the dragon, etc.

Therafter I did read a litle upon the historic of this yron
age concerning the invasion of Germany, Anno 1630, by
Gustavus, and then retired myself to dutie in secret and

This was a tollerably good day to me.

A very fair, frostie day.

19, Thursday^ 7 a' cloak. — This morning after I was ready
and had breakfast, M^ Arch. Porteous cam doun and saw my
sone, who was growen better, blissed be the Lord. Therfter
I went to Bigger kirk and heard M"" James Donaldsone exercise
solus on Act 5. 30. Two things in the words, the exercise of
mans malice against Christ, and of Gods love upon him.
Obs. 1, that its incumbent to ministers q" they have to do w*
a guiltie people to hold out not only wrongs done to Christ,
but also the fathers love to him. 3 consider^"^ to clear it.
Obs. 2, that Jesus Christ once in a day was arched w^in
the amies of the crosse, and had it on him in a large extent.
3 considerations and 2 uses of it. Obs. 3, that the fathers
affection outworks the crosse and sufferings at their utmost
extent. 4*^ that all the great pour our Master is come to
in his fathers hous is layed out for the advantage of poor
pilgrimes, etc.

After Sermon I went in to the presbrie q'* 3 of ws wer appointed
to conferre w* the Heritors of Broughtoun in behalf of M'" Ro^


Broun, and to meet y'' on Munday, Jany. 30, at 9 hors. I was
appointed to revise Marg* Uobison's processe against the nixt
presbrie day, feby. 2.

After the exercise we went to denner, and I payed for tlie
bretliren this day.

I resaved a letter from my brother w* 40 lil)., whicli I de-
livered to M'' Ro^ Broun be my broy""^ order, item 100 mks.
for myself of my Mertimes rent, item 80 lib. 10*^ of Deuchar
rent preceding Witsonday, viz., 40 li. 10 sli. fra Geo. Hog,
W lib. fra William Laing-, and 20 lib. fra Ja. Caldwell. W
Rob. Broun and Gilbert went home and supped w^ me, and I

This day was somq* ravin to my spirit.

A hard frost, and fair.

20 Januar, Fryday^ 7 aclocik. — This mtn-ning after I was
ready I spok w' my man, who had brought 17 kane foules out
of Deuchar, and I sent a letter w^ Gilbert Brown in his favors to
Sir J" Cheislie that he might resave the third of the benefit of
the seasings from Alex"^ Forest and that Sir J" would send me
his advise anent that bussines w^ my L. Tweddall and Sir Ja.

After breakfast I went up to Bigger to Jonet Baillies burialj,
and therafter some of the elders and I went in to the Ministei"s
to comferre anent his transporat". I was desired to pray, and
the Lord helped me exceedinglie, I blisse his name; therafter we
resolved, and without the minister we wrote a letter to every
Minister of the Presbrie to assist ws upon Tuysday next in
prayer for that purpose set apart, and we moved ^I' Alex' to
write a letter to invite another ^lin"" to preach that dav so he
sent to M"" Ro^ Broun. Therafter I cam doun and dvned very-

This day I heard that Lambert had layed doun his amies,
most of his men having forsaken him, and that he was gone to
London w^ Monk and some officers w* him, and tliat Monk had
sent back 5 regiments toward Scotland againe.

At night I tlid draw the act of apprecia"" of the Manse at
Ikoughtown, extending to 1000 merks, and ane Act of appro-


bation by the Presbrie, and did read a litle after on Rosse his
Pansebeia^ concerning all the orders of Knighthood.

This was a very good day, I blisse God.

A fair day but softer nor ordinary.

21, Saturnday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was ready I
resaved a letter from M"" Ro* Broun, shewing my sister was not
weel, together w* a lend of Hutchison upon John. After
breakfast I went up to Bigger and met w* the elders I was w*
yesterday, who told me the Itres were all dispatched, and that
M*" Ro* Broun had undertaken to preach. I heard that Morgan
is to coiTiand the forces in Scotland, and that Monk is much
welcomed at London. As I cam doun I met w* Will™ Blacklay,
who resents much his sones death and thinks some in the Mylne
was the cause of his sudden death, but I would not medle w*
such things, but advised him to seek the Lords mynd in it and
submitt. I dyned about 12 acloak, and after denner M*" Jo"
Greg cam in to me and told me he heard Swintoun was impri-
sioned in the cittaddel at Leith, and that M*" An^ Murrays
brother had been maryed yesterday at Culter, etc.

After he was gone I went about my weeklie search, and found
that the Lord had been very kynd to me throughout this week
especially in duties of worship, but that my heart was still
loose, especially one day. I found also that the Lord had heard
me on behalf of my sone for his recovery, for which I blisse his
name ; and I find myself obliged to be very thankfull to him
for his mercifull protection to me and myne in thir sad tymes.
At night I went about dutie secret and privat.

And the Lord closed the day and week cfortablie.

A thick rouck and frost.

22 Januarie^ The Lords day, acloak. — This morning after
I was ready and had gone about familie duty I went to Bigger

^ The Pansebeia was one of the numerous works of Alexander Ross, of Al)er-
deen, one of the chaplains to King Charles I. He is immortalised by Butler in
his Hudibras in the lines :

• There was an ancient sage philosopher,
And he had read Alexander Ross over.'


kirk and heard M"" Alex^ Lev. lecture on Levit. 26. 11, etc.,
conteining arg*^ for obedience taken from Judg*. Obs. that
disobedience and rebellion makes the Lord abhorre ws. v. 12.
that such as walk w^ God shall have him walking w* them ;
V. 13, that the remembrence of former mercies should have a
sweet relish in his people's hearts ; v. 14. that God can arme
all the creatures to execut his commandmnts ; v. 25. that the
despising the word of God is the despising his cov* ; 2*^ tliat
the Lord draws furth his sword most properly and frequently
against cov* breaking ; v. 39. that God delights much in
repentance, etc. Therafter he preached on Matthew 5. 20.
Being Christs 4^'^ argument for vindicating the law ; and it
shows how completely Christ is furnished for every work.
3 sort of men reproved from the doc^ of the necessity of having
o'' righteousness to exceed that of Scribes and Pharisees. 1*^
carnal and earthly myndedness ; 2'- profane men ; 3"* proud and
conceated men about their oune righteousness. 4 marks of con-
ceatness about our righteousness through light and litle prac-
tise ; 2'^ commending of ourselves ; 3** keeping company with
flatterers of ws ; 4^ useing of duties for carnall ends mor nor
edifica''un, etc.

In the afternoone he lectured on Rev. 4. In cap. 3 things,
a description of Gods majestic, of his attendants, and of their
exercise, v. 1. obs. that if we while living near God, one
manifestium would mak way for another ; 2" that faith can see
the mysterious, unsearchable things of God ; 3*' that the voice
of Christ is distinct, it has ay a language w' it. i\ 2. that its
no easie matter to tak in God ; 2" that our blessed God is in
the constant royall exercise of his kinglie pouer, so as we may
ever know (j*" to find him q" we have to doe, etc.

Therafter lie preached on Matt. 5. 20, (p'in he named a 4*''
sort of folk reprovable from the former doctrine, viz^ tlie godly
themselves who are careles and carnall in their duties. 4 deixrees
ijrin the godly must go beyond scribes and pharisees. 1" in the
discovcrie of sin ; 2" in the discoverie of wrath tliat may come
upon the sinner ; 3" in discovcrie of the insufficiency of their
own paines in order to salva"" ; 4" In concluding that absolute,
infallible nccessitie of laying hold on Christs rigliteousnes, etc.

After sermons I cam home and found my sone prettic wit'l


and my daughter falling sick, the Lord seeing it fitt thus to
exercise me. So I retired to secret dutie, and then to familie

I found this a tollerably good day, I blisse God.

A cold and frostie day.

23, Mundaijy 7 acloak. — This morning after I was ready
having recavcd a letter from Sir Jo" Cheislie anent Smeitli-
feilds bussines and anent a meeting w* my Lord Selkirk, I
sent the letter to my brother, and wrote another to him also
theranent. I got another letter from S. Jo. showing me y^
Waristoun was retired, Lambert submitted, and taken ane
Act of indemnitie, and Sir Henry Vaine and uthers confined
to their liouses, and that the Gen. Monk was miorhtilv inraged
against Waristoun. The Lord help him.

After breakfast I did read on Rosse his Pansebeia, which
I had borrowed from M'^ Jo" Rae, and read out the lives of
17 eminent heritiques subjoined to that book, viz* Thomas
Munster, Anno 1522, ane anabaptist, was beaten at Frankin-
husin and afterwards beheaded by the Landgrave y"*; Jon
Mathias, anno 1532, was killed at a salley at the seidg of
Munster, he was ane anabaptist ; John Buchold or Jo" of
Leiden, an. 1534 ; Bernard Knipperdoling at the same tyme.

Hermanius Sutor died miserablie the same tyme.

Theodorus Sartor ane Adamite was execute at Amsterdam
w* many uthers Mav 5, 1535.

David Georg the miracle of anabaptists an. 1544.

Michael Servetus was burned an. 1553.

Arrius his bouells violently brak furth anno 336.

Mahomet ane imposter hurried at Mecca 622.

Balthaser Hubinor burned w* his wife an. 1525.

John Hut. anabaptist, hence the Hutsian fraternity.

Lodowick Hetyer an. 1527, dyed for adultery.

Melchior Hofman anab.,an. 1528, pyned to deatli.

Melchior Ruck anab. 1527, Adam Pastor and Henry Nicolas
father of the family of love.

At n* I retired myself to dutie in secret and priva*.

I found this a toUerable day.

A very cold day and strong frost.


24 January^ Tzvysduy, cCcloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went up to Bigger and heard M*" R. Brown preach on
Revel. 2. 5. Obs. 1, that the Lords way in his dealing w*
sinners is to warne before he strike ; 2*^ that q" the Lord
comes in judgment against a people he comes quicklie ; %" that
when the Lord judges a people for ther back slyding, all thtr
former good turns will not exeeme them ; 4° that ills and
afflictions of judgment are from the Lord; 5^ that of all
judgments that can come upon a people the removing of the
Ghospell is the sadest : these he enlarged and tiie doctrine
most, etc.

After sermon I went in to the Sessioun, and we examined
old James Crightouns woman suspect of fornication, and so
we dissolved.

Therafter the wholl Ministers of the Presbrie met, and two
of their best elders w* each of them and o' Sessioun entirely,
and we spent the rest of the day in prayer and conference in
seeking the Lords mynd anent that call which M' Alex"" Lev.
had gotten to the kirk of Evandale. We called him first to
represent the case and therafter removed him till we had neer
done. \\\ the close of the work we fell upon these 3 conclu-
sions : 1^ we appointed 4 brethren to confer w* him and solve
any doubt that he had or possibly might meet w*. 2*' we
appointed 2 brethren to wait upon him to Lanerick q*" he was
to meet w^ thes that called him. 3*^ we appointed the whole
Presbytery to conferre w^ the whole m""^ of familys in this parish
to mak use of this dispensatiun to gain them to the obedience
of the Ghospell ; and trewly we had even as good a day as I
have observed since I cam to their bounds.

About night I cam liome having told M*" Alex*" my mynd
privatlie, and therafter retired to dutie in secret and then to
family exercise.

This was a very good day, I blisse God.

A thaw and west wind all da v.

25, Wednesday^ 7 a cloak. — This morning after I was ready
M*" Alex"" Levingston sent me doun word that Waristoun was
come home privatlie to Redhall, which I could hardly believe


but resolved to send my man to morrow to the lady Humbie
to know.

I stayed within all this day and did read upon Rosse his
pansebeia, and did read the list of the heritiques and their
opinions, the first 600 years after Christ. The cheife of them
are Simon Magus, Menander, Nicolaitans, Carpocratians,
Valentinians, Marists, Archontices, Serdonites, Cataphrygians,
Pepusians, Quartodecimani, Adamians, Melchisedecians,
Cathari, Sabellians, Sammasardinians, Manicheans, Arrians,
Semiarrians or Macedonians, Appollinarists, Antidicomaria-
nites, Hermans, Colluthiane, Floriani, Donatists, Novativitarii,
Luciferians, Tertullianists, Pelagians, Nestorians, Exitichians,
Antiochians and their spanne, and many uther names they
carryed besydes thes, but all reducible to thes cheiflie.

I dyned alone w^ my wifFe, and in the afternoone caused my
man resave 4 bolls of malt which W" Crightoun had made to
me of James Broun his beer. Therafter I wrote a letter to the
Lady Humbie to know how she and her daughter is, becaus I
could not win to see her in respect I am indgaged in severall
trysts and bussines. Toward night liaving ended the New
Test, in my privat lecture, I began the book of Job as most
suteing to thes tymes. The Lord help me to understand the
word and grow by it.

This was a tollerable day to me.

A frost and strong east wind againe.

26 January, Thursday, 7 d'cloah. — This morning, after I was
ready, I did read on Rosse his Pansebeia concerning the Jesuits,
which order was instituted anno 1540 by Ignatius Loyola of
Cantabria, and a rela^"" of his life. I did read the generall rules
to which this order is tyed, and their constitutions and rules for
provincialls and for the provosts of houses, rectors of colledges,
masters of novices, and councillors, etc., also what rules they
have for travellers and pilgrimes, for the minister, for the
admonitor, and uther officers. How their priviledges have
been granted and confirmed by severall popes, especially Paul
^, Julius 3, and Julius 4. They grew so numerous in 75 yeirs,
that they had 293 colledges, 123 houses in anno 1608, and of


their society wer reckoned 10581 ; and bad a revenue then of
2000000 crouns yeirlie.

I dyned alone w* my wiff'e, and after denner I took my liorse
and went over to Quodq" to see my sister, whom I found
tollerablie weel, but M'' llo* was not at home. Therafter I cam
home againe and did read on the same Rosse concerning uther
orders of religious persones in the Church of Rome, and how
Abbots are consecrated at this tyme, w^ all the ceremonyes now-
used, specialie if the Abbot be not a munke, and how the
abbesses are consecrated after the same maner; and so I retired
to dutie.

This day I heard that M'' J" Hume, minister at Lesmehago,
had gotten a call to the high schoole of Edinburgh, and that
he was to remove thither.

A very hard frost and cold.

27, Fryday^ 7 adoak. — This morning, after I was ready, I
did read on M"" Rosse his irava-e^eLa concerning the Hi*st
religious Knights in Christendome, which wer the Johannites
or knights hospitallers of St. Jo" Baptist anno 1099, (j"
Jerusalem was taken by the christians ; they wer very rich.
The severall orders of this Society are reckoned in anno 1300,
they are dispossessed of all they had in Syria and tak the vie
of Rohds anno 1308, and ])ossessed the same 214 years. They
had 8 provinces in Europ, viz^ Gallia, Avernia, Francia, Italia,
Arragon, Ingland, Germany, and Castile, each of thes had a
prior. These priors chose the great master ; they were forced
out of Rohds anno 1523 by the Turks, then they went to
('andie, y" to Nice, then to Syracuse, but afterwards Charles 5
gave them the Yle of Malta anno 1529, paying yeirly in
homage a faulcon ; ther they are yet.

I dyned alone w*^ my wiff'e, and after denner I did read of
the knights tem})lars, founded anno 1123. They had above
9000 manors in Christendom (j" the hospitallers had but 19.
By their pryde and luxurie they became odious, and wer ther-
after by degrees utterlie rooted out of Clirystendom. The
Teutonick or Mariani wer mixed of tiie Johannitsand Templars,
only the great master was to be a Tutonick or German ; they
were driven out of Polland by the king Venceslaus, anno 1393.


Toward ny* I resaved a letter from the Lady Humbie, very
sad for her fathers condi^'\ and her husbands freinds taken
advantage thereby, threaten to tak the estate from her unles
she deliver to them such papers^ as they called for. The Lord
help her. After this I retired to dutie.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A fair, frosty dav.

S8 Jan''^ Saturmlay, 7 acloak. — This morning, after I was
ready, I did read the rest that I intended of Rosse his irava-e^eta
concerning the several orders of Knighthood in France, viz..
Knights of the Gennet, of the Crown Royall, of the Starre, anno
1022, of the Broome flouer by St. Lues, of the Ship, of St.
Michael by Lues 11, of tlie Holy Ghost by Hen. 5 anno 1579,
of Christian Charity, of St. Lazarus, of the^Virgin Mary 1607,
of Orleans or the Porcupine, anno 1393, of the Golden Sheild,
of the Thistle of Anjou, of St. Magdhm of Bretagne or Her-
minie, or Ears of Corne, anno 1458. Besides thes of the Golden
Fleec in Flanders, of the Garter, of the Bath in Ingland, of the
Thistle in Scotland, of the Lillie in Navarr, of St. James in
Spaine, of the Red Scarfe in Castile, etc.

Therafter I went up to Bigger and met w* M*^ Alex*^, who
told me that he had been weel assisted in giving ane answer
anent his call to Evendale, which was ane Nolumus, then he
and I drew a letter to be sent to the Presbrie conteining his
ans"" fuUie, and sent ther enclosed the call he had resaved.
Therafter I cam home and dyned w* my wifFe. M"" Jo" Greg
and Arch. Inglis cam to me and told me 2 regiments of Inglish
foot wer com to Ed"". I resaved a letter from Sam Lockhart
to come to his wiffs buriall to the Heeds upon Tuesday

Toward night I retired myself to my weekly search, and
found 1^ that God had not only graciously supported me froin

^ These entries show that the family and friends of Wariston were fully alive
to the dangerous position in which he was placed, and which ended in his dread-
ful fate. It may be noted that General Monk, who appears from the Diary to
have been on friendly terms, had now shown his enmity to him, which increased
their apprehensions as to his safety.


dangers, but also much from externall tcmpta^"^ through
the week. 9f^ that he had graciouslie assisted me in dutie, and
blissed me in my undertakings for him, and I doe assert myself
very much debtor to his gracious majestic for this weeks love.

So the Lord was graciouslie pleased to close both the week
and the day confortablie. Laus Deo.

A through thaw all day.

29, Tlie Lords Day, acloak. — This morning after I was
ready and had done fam'lie dutie I went to Bigger kirk and
heard M"" Alex. Lev. lecture on Leviticus 27, concerning the
voluntarie offerings of 2 sorts, consecra" of persones and things,
and dedecaun of tythes. 4 sorts of the first, persones, beasts,
houses, and feilds. Ous. 1, that we hold all our mercies of
God and should borrow and lend w* him. 2^ that parents
ought to consecrat their children in their youth unto the Lord.
5 advantages by a personall covananting, 3 prin"^ to indgadg
folk to keep their vows. v. 8. ous. that God will not be mocked
by sinners rash vowes. 2^ that wtever we enjoy in the world
we ought to acknowledg it to be the Lords. Last p* of cap.
OBs. that seing all we have is from God we should returne him
some part thereof, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 21, two things necessarie
forhavingourryteousness exceed that of Scribes and Pharisees,
union w* Christ, and communion w' his graces. The life of
comnmnion stands in 3, the exposi''" of vs. 21, 22, 23, and
24. 4 meditat"^ from the text for further illust"" of it. 1"
that mending some breaches sayes not that the Jewes are free
of vyrs; 2" that the exposi"" of the law holds furth our
dutie; 3" that hereby he is crying doun self rightuousnes;

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Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 24 of 28)