Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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meanors ready to be given in.

After they went away, S"^ Jo" and the Lady and I went in to
the studie and looked over some papers relating to trade and
commerce by old Hadingtoun ^ drawen, and then revisied the
Acts of the assemblies anent ministers that have during suspen-
sion lifted their stipend but could find nothing more. I wrote
ane letter to M"^ Jo" Sinclair for the Acts, and I wrote another
letter to Adam Watt for the Lady Humbie. Toward night
letters cam from London shewing that the Counsall of the
Army still satt daylie after they had raised the Parlia* : That
the superior officers wer for the petition and advice, and in
favor for ane commonwealth. I supped non becaus I was so
very unweell all day, but went to my bed at ij ho*^.

This was a good day I hope to my soule.

Snow and raine till 4 h6r% then fair.

3, Twysday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie I went to the lady, and we conferred
together anent her condition. I found her very counsellable
and she having discovered all her fears to me in reference to
her health, I was in very great difficultye what to advyse her
to doe. I looked over a book which I recommended to her
to read for advyce therein. About 10 acloak Adam Watt
and his sone cam to Humbie. S"" Jo" dealt with them to sub-
scryve a supplican which he had drawen up against M*" Gedeon
Penman, for all along I thought it not safFe for me to niedle
much in it becaus I was to be a judge, only when I saw his
receipts of victuall and money I gave my opinion what was best.

constantly denied it, and was liberated on finding security to stand trial. Nine
of the witches were condemned, and were accordingly executed. — Kirklon't
Church History, p. 190; Fountainhall's Decisions, p. 14; Fcuti EctUsim

1 Sir Thomas Hamilton, first Earl of Haddington, named Tarn of the Cow.
gate, died 29th May 1637, in his seventy-fourth year. He was Secretary of
State, Lord President of the Court of Session, and Lord Privy Seal. Hit
valuable collection of manuscripts and charters is preserved in the Advocmle*'
Library. At this time some of his manuscripts were at Humbie.


At lenth with much adoe the lady and S*^ Jo" prevailed to get
Adam Watt's hand to the supplican.

After we had dyned S"^ Jo" and I took leave of the Ladie
Humbie and cam in to Ed' to the Synod. Be the way we
lighted at Keith and saw the Laird and the Lady. It was
6 a'cloak befor we cam to Ed^ When I cam ther,Ifound the
Synod had chosen M"^ Thomas Kirkaldie moderator and had
chosen their committee. I saw also Ires from London shewing
that the genii counsall of officers did guyd all now, also I saw
two proclama^ns descharging all papists and malignants to stay
within the lynes of communica" but to repair home. There-
after I mett with M"^ Alex'" Levingston and M*" Ro* Broun and
M' Ro* Lockhart, we wer all invited be Andr^^ Stevensone and
supped with him. M"^ Alex"^ was g reived that Jo" Crightoun ^
had made use of his testimoniall and deceived And. Steven-
sone. I lay at my sisters hous.^

This was a tollerable day to me.

A gray dawkie day.^

4 May^ Wednesday, 6-7 acloaJc. — This morning being in
Ed'^ after I was readie, I went in to the Synod and had a great
debate anent M"^ Andrew M^Gie being challenged for carying
away 300 merks of poor money and making no good accompt
of it. The Synod after much debat did conclude that for what
was in the book he was guilty of no maladministra" therin.
Thereafter we fell upon the planting of Dalkeith, and finding
ane unanimous call to M*^ W"' Calderwood and a protesta*n
be the Countesse of Buccleugh* we sent out M^ Dicksone and
M"^ Ro* Ker to endeavour to appease her. We did also visie
the book of Hadingtoun ^ in uther things and approved it.

1 dyned with a great many ministers at the back of the

^ Two, ' named William Crichton and James Crichton younger ' are in the
list of * aibl men in the parochin of Biggar 1640,' compiled by Thomas Camp-
bell, minister at Biggar. — Hunter's Biggar and the House of Flemings p, 611.

2 Her name was Mary. She seems to have been married, and resided in
Edinburgh. See also nth May and 4th June.

2 Daukie, moist. As a daukie day, a day characterised by thick mist or by a
drizzling rain.

^ Ann, Countess, afterwards Duchess of Buccleuch, and wife of the unfor-
tunate Duke of Monmouth.
^ The Presbytery minute-book.


tolbuth wher we had some debate what to doe with M'
John Fairholme's petition for his roume in Dalmeny Kirk,
and some uther things relating to the synod.

In the afternone I mett w*^ Alex"^ Maxwell and by him
was desired to speak w* S'^ Jo" Cheislie which I did. Therafter
I went to the Synod wher M"* Dicksone reported the Countesse
was inexorable. Afterwards our book was tryed and approven,
and the appeall be Pebles from us was referred to the comittee.
I found this synod very ill constitute, ther being a great many
young men who wer not weel affected that took upon them to
speak much. At night I cam out and went in to Waristoun's
hous, and spok with the lady, and they forced me to stay ther
all that nyt and ly with S"" Jo".

This was but a raving day.

A fair gray day.

5, Thursday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Ed"" after I
was readie, I went abroad and spok with W*" Thomsone ^ anent
Jo" Edger 2 but he was not at aneugh of leasure ; therafter I
went in to the Synod wher we appointed a Comittee to settle
that bussines of Dalkeith and endeavour to satisfy the lady as
much as was possible ; who are to meet ther upon Wednesday
come eight dayes or Thursday. Thereafter we took in the
rest of the bookes. Then we did read all M^ Ro* Scott his
processe, and almost unanimouslie did depose him, he not
appearing after 4 tymes being called on.

At 12 hours I dyned with a great many ministers at Gierke's
hous, wher we drew a letter to Waristoun and subscryved the
same, desireing him to look to the interests of the protesters
at this tyme when M"" Sharp ^ is so busie at London. I went
therafter to Jo" Moubraye's childs buriall.

In the afternoone I went to the Synod, wher we resolved
the question to give no ans"^ to the desire of the correspondent
from Glasgow, though I was against the vote and that we
should concur to petition against tolleratioun. Therafter we

* Appears to have been a legal practitioner in Edinburgh, and probal>ly
connected with the city, as his office was in the Council Chambers.

'•' Of Peffermyln.

=» James Sharp, afterwards Archbishop of St. Andrews, who had been WBt
to London to watch over the interests of the Kirk.


had some debates anent ane appeal given in be Martin
Grinlay, and some expressions M"^ Jo'^ Sinclair uttered against
the Synod which wer stopped be M'" Mungo Law. I saw a
letter also from the gen^^^ to the lady Waristoun desireing her
to deal with her daughter Humbie not to trouble M'' Gedeon
Penman which she ansred and the gen" past fra his desire. I
took a drink w^ S"^ Jo" in Waristoun's for supper and lay ther
all night also.

This was a toUerable day.

A gray mistie day.

6 May^ Jryday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Ed' after I
was ready I went in to the Synod and after much debate we
took in the bussines of Strabrock and listed 2 young men w*
M"^ Jo" Moubray viz*. M"^ Jo" Forrest and M"^ James Gareshore
but Moubray caryed it of forrest by 3 votes. In this debate I
observed a great deall of heat betwixt M*" Ro* Douglas and M**
Jo" Smith and sore reflexions. S"^ Ja. Stewart of Kirkhill ^ first
appealed and then took it up again, but the worst affected
caryed the vote.

At 12 ho""^ I dyned at Robert Lermonths hous w* his mother
in law, and his wife and was made very welcome. Then imme-
deatlie I cam to the Synod againe wher 1^ we discussed that
appeal betwixt Pebles and Bigger anent M"" Ro* Broun of
Broughtoun. We submitted to the Synod and they chose a
Committee to sitt at Linton May 17, whereof I am one. They
appointed a fast the last Thursday of May. The rest of the
afternoone was spent on M"^ Ged. Penman's bussines. They
spent above ane houer whether I should sitt as judge in that
bussines, he having excepted against me, they desired my oath
anent partiall counsall but I first desired his oath de calumnia,
which he refusing I satt still, and reasoned what I could but
would vote non. In end we concluded that M*" Gedeon should
stand suspended till the nixt Synod, they intending to repone
him and not to depose him becaus of the act of assemblie 1648

^ General Monck.

"^ Sir James Stewart of Kirkhill and Provost of Edinburgh, an eminent lawyer
and intimate friend of Lord Waristoun and Sir John Cheisley.


aug 5. sess. 80. After we had stuck be him till 9 a cloak at
nyt we were glad to let all things ly, and appoint a Comittee
for him to meet in August, and so the Synod dissolved.

This was a good day and I was much assisted.

A foule day till neer night.

7, Saturnday, 6-7 acloak. — This morning being in Ed' after
I was ready I trysted with M"" Jo" Greg and M"^ Ro* Broun to
go home. Therafter I went doun to Waristoun'^s hous to meet
with S"* Jo" Cheislie, who employed me in that bussines betwixt
W'" Thomsone and John Edger. I went to the Coun. Chamber
and found M"" Thomsone who told me that in law he could
persew and obtein paym* for 18000 mks from Jo" Edger, yet
he was content to tak 12000 mks and 500 mks as being the
prin'^ soume, and y* wold rebate all interest and expenses. I
cam back and told S*" Jo" and we appointed to meet againe at
Redhall upon tuysday nixt if the Lord will.

A litle after ten I took horse with M"" Ro. Broun and we cam
to the Bridgend at 3 acloak in the afternoone, and ther we
dyned and Dolphinton and Slipperfeild with ws, he informed ws
of some outragious cariage be his sister Margt in the church
against Andrew Broun and his new maryed wife. I advysed
him to confirme the division of the kirk by ane act of Session
wherby every ane might know their oune roume

Therafter I went homeward and by the way did meditat
somwhat upon my weeklie search and found that the Lord had
comfortablie assisted me in the Synod, and had ordered his
matters very weel ; so I cam home and found my wiffe and
familie in health, I blisse the Lord, and retired myself to dutie
and so by the Lords gracious countenance had both a peaceable
closse of the day and of the week though I may blame myself
for my loosnes.

A gray louring cloudie day, some i*aine.

8 Maij^ Lords day^ 7 d'cloak. — This morning after I was
ready and had gone about family duty I went to Bigger Kirk
and heard M' Ro* Levingston lecture on Grenes. 3. In cap
3 things, mans fall, the discovery of it, and the punishment of
it. Obs. v. 1, That Satan maks use of the best gifted to


efFectuat his purpose, v. 2. That when we meet with temptans
we should bewarr to listen thereunto, 4 questions answered
from. V. 4. Obs. That no place is free of Satans temptiis.
2^ That when the Lord has often spoken to his people then
follows Satan and whispers into their ears. v. 5. That even
one friend may wrong another by taking rash advice, v. 8.
That when conscience is wakened folk hyd themselves from
god etc.

He preached on John 5. 40. The text hath a reproofe and
the grounds of it. What is meant by coming and what by
liffe. Obs. That infidelity and unbeleef is a provocking sin
that barrs the dore upon many mercies. This sin instanced
both in the wicked and godlie. 2 reasons of it. 3 means how
to win to the persuasion of the truth of the word. 2 uses.
Obs. 2, That to come to Christ and belive in him is that
which is weel pleasing to god and gets life. The reason of it
and 3 advantages by coming unto Christ, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on ps. 119. 65. How David glories
to be called Gods servant. The Lord dealls weell with his servts
in 5 regards. Plenty to the wicked is cursed in 2 respects :
afflictions comfortable to the godlie in 3 respects, v. 66. Obs.
That a thankful! soule is desirous of spiritual saving knowledge.
V. 67. That its the mark of a thankfull soul to acknowledge
good by the rod. v. 68. how many wayes the Lord may be
said to doe good to his people etc.

He preached also on John 5. 40. Two sorts of causes why
siner will not come unto Christ. 1° As relating to the persons
themselvs. 4 causes, ignorance, pryd, lasines, and proposing
fals rules. 2° relating to Christ himself. 5 causes, his person,
his doctrine, his severity, his crosse, and his government.
4 things in his government they stumble at. Obs. That Jesus
Chryst is the belivers life, one mark of thes that has this life in
them etc.

After sermons I cam home and went about dutie secret and
in the family, and was under a melancholick fitt.

Yet this was a good day to my soule.

A gray cloudie day.

9, Munday, 7 aclodk. — ^This morning after I was readie, Alex""


Veitch cam doun to me, and told me how he had been taken
with captioun upon Thursday last for 200 mks and that bond
was given to enter his person in prison upon Saturnday nixt in
Ed"". I gave him my opinion to enter in prison that he might
obtene the more favour in his uther sutes of law provyding
it did not greive his spirit, alwayes I promised to speak w*
Caverhill and with W"^ Burnet chirurgeon for him and send him
word. Therafter James Crightoun cam doun and spok to me
anent his sone and advysed me to cause put him into the cor-
rection hous to tame him. About 12 hours I dyned with my
wifFe and Gilbert Broun and therafter I took horse with my
wiffe and cam to Haystoun. I found my sister in law unweell.
I perceived my broyr was lately returned from Ireland wher he
had been doing some bussines for W™ Hay of Smithfield^ but
told me ther was litle money in that countrey, he told me he
was 17 dayes in Dublin. That ther they had their courts as
in Westminster hall but they had but litle employment.
He said my Lord Richard had his counsall there, but had not
many forces, he said the 2 pt^ of the land was not planted with
Inglish and Scots men, and that ther was a great abundance of
natives above Inglish and Scots. Therafter we went to supper,
and my broyr told me that non of the deuchar had been with
him yet. So after prayer I went to bed.

This was a tollerable day to me.

Warme with clouds of raine.

10 May^ Twysday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in Hays-
toun after I was readie my wifFe and I did breakfast with my
brother, and tlien we went to Pebles. I lighted ther and spok
with Caverhill anent Alex"" Veitch, who told me it was not in his
power to help him but recomendit me to W™ Burnet chyrur-
geon to deall with him for some ease of that money for which
Alex*" is taken by caption.

Therafter I wrote a letter to the tennents of Deuchar * anent

* William Hay of Smithfield was the second son ot James Hay, second
baronet of Smithfield. Sir James disinherited his eldest son and successor in
the title, Sir John, with a thousand pounds, and left the estate to WUliam.

'^ This shows that Mr. Hay was factor on that estate.


setting Hogs part of the land and gave 12 sh to Scott the post
to cary it.

Then about 10 hors I took horse with my wiiFe and we came
to Redhall to the Lady Waristoun about S houers afternoone.
The lady told me that she had gotten news that the long
parla* was to sitt doun this week and that the prot. was to
have 20000 lib Sterl. settled on him during his life and
20000 lib sterl. upon his heires ; and that the legislative pouer
was to be in the hous of Comons, and the executive pouer in
the Councell of State etc.

About 5 acloak Ricartoun Craig and his Lady cam to Red-
hall. They told that the gen'^ was to have a counsall of
officers this day. That he had refused to assist him to tak
Kennudie with captioun. That my Lord Cranstoun ^ was at
Elsenor with the King of Sweden ; That Colinton's sone ^ was
to be contracted with Pat. NicoPs daughter. Therafter I supped
and went to bed after duty.

This was but a raving day.

A gray morning and fair afternoone.

11, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Redhall
after I was readie, my wifFe and I did breakfast with the lady
Waristoun, and therafter we cam in to Ed"*. I mett with Pa
Murray who advysed me to putt off Jo" Hog fra Deuchar, and
set it to some uther or rather among themselves ; Therafter I
mett with W"^ Burnet and next Alex"" Veitch. I spoke to him
to give him ane hundreth merkis, and I agreed with him that
till he spok with Caverhill and returned me ane ans*" I should
give my bond to enter Alex"^ Veitch in prison upon May 21 in
Ed^", which accordingly I did and left the papers with Andrew

1 William, third Lord Cranston, marched into England with King Charles ii.
in 1651, and being taken at the battle of Worcester, was committed prisoner to
the Tower. He was particularly excepted out of Cromwell's Act of Grace and
Pardon, April 1654, by which his estates were sequestrated, but a portion of the
lands of the yearly value of two hundred pounds was settled on his wife and
children. He married Lady Mary Leslie, third daughter of the Commander of
the Scots Parliamentary Army, Alexander, first Earl of Leven, and had a son
James, fourth Lord Cranston. — Anderson's Scottish Nation, Art. 'Cranston,

2 A son of Lord Colinton, a judge of the Court of Session.


I dyned at my sisters hous with M"" Rich Dicksons wyfe, and
some uthers, and therafter I went to James Grayes wifes
buriall, Then I went about that bussines betuixt W™ Thomsone
and Jo" Edger. I perused all Jo" Edgers accompts and then
I went to W™ Thomsons hous with himself and went through
his accompts. In end I drew the bussines to this close that
W'" Thomson was content of 12000 mks, and Jo" Edger was
content to give 10000 merks, but when I proposed that if it wer
submitted to me I wold strik a mid stroak in it both of them
seemed unwilling for I spok to them apart, so I left it.

About 5 acloak at nyt my wifFe and I went out to Humbie
to visite the ladie. We cam there about 9 acloak at nyt, and
found Keith and his ladie and Michael Melvin ther, and so we
supped and then I did withdraw.

This was but a raving day also.

A warme day w* 2 great showers.

\9>May, Thursday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie the tennents of Deuchar and Kershope cam
to me, and I did sett that 15 soumes of grasse which John
Hog did possesse unto John Forrest ; Therafter I confirmed all
the rest in their possessions except only that I did divide
Kershope equallie betwixt W" Hog and Alex^" Mitchell, and
delayed the setting of the mylrie to James Caldwell. I re-
saued fra James Blackstoks 30 lib for his yeirs rent for the
half of the mylne, and 13 lib 14ss 4d fra James Caldwell in
part of paym^ And so dismissed them, and appointed Jo°
Hog to come to me upon Thursday at the Stone ^ with his
bygan dutie for the year 1658.

^ The Stone or Stain. The residence of Mr. Hay. The lands belonged at
one time to the Knight Templars, for we find that on the 4th of November 1642
George Lindsay of Covington was retoured heir of two oxgates of Temple
lands called Stain, in the barony of Biggar. William Lindsay of Covington
in 1663 conveyed to James Dickson, writer, Edinburgh, the right and
superiority of the lands of Stain and others, with the meadows, mosses, and
pasturages belonging thereto. This conveyance was ratified by Parliament in
1663. This farm continued in the possession of the Dicksons of Hartrie until
about the year 1820. It now belongs to Mr. John L. Murray of Heavyside. It
may be remarked that although James Dickson does not appear to have got his
conveyance till 1663, he must have been connected with the lands, as the Diaiy
shows that Mr. Andrew Hay was his tenant in 1659.


Therafter I dyned w^ the lady Humbie, etc., and after
denner we went to bussines and I cleared compts w* Jo^
Gilchrist in Crighton and therafter Michaell Melvin and I
went through severall articles of the inventar of the laird of
Humbles testament which is to be confirmed.

About 7 at night the Lady Libertoun and the Lady
Inglistoun cam to Humbie to visit the Lady, and after we had
supped, and had spoken a litle anent the Lady's condition we
went to bed, and about 10 hours at night the Lady Waristoun
cam to Humbie.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very fair warme day.

\^,Fryday,l acloak. — This morning being in Humbie, after
I was ready M^ W"^ Cheisley cam in to my chamber and told
me that the Genl^ was busie w^ his officers and wold passe no
papers signed by the Protector since the raising of the parlia*.
Therafter I mett w* the Lady Waristoun who told me she had
resaived Ires from her husband fearing ther should be blood,
and that for some uther bussines she had sent for S*" Jo"
Cheislie to meet her this night in Ed*". After we had dyned
together she went away, and the Lady and Michaell and I
went about the making up of the inventary for the testa* and
sett doun the rests of the crop 1657 and all 1658 except what
the laird has sold of bear.

Toward night Keith ^ cam about my wife and me to go doun
w* him to Keith all night. So we went, and after we had
supped he took me apart and told me that he intended to
raise a sumons for pay* of the legacies, and to obtein a decreet
therupon, and if either air or apperand air oppose the same
he wold oppose them, and that they ought to pay annualrent
after the decreet. He was unsatisfyed w* so much spending in
Humbie, and he desired me to come to his countrey and dwell
which I refused except I had a very clear call thereunto.

Therafter I retired w* my wiffe into my chamber, and after
dutie went to bed, the laird and lady being very kind to us.

This was a tollerable day also.

A dustling gray day.

^ Hepburn of Keith, whose descendant enacted a prominent part in 1745.


14 May, Satnrnday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in Keith,
after I was readie the laird told me how he had advysed to
raise Ires of lawborrowes against my L. Tweddall and his
tennents in name of Humbie and her Tutors; anent some
merches betuixt Crightoun and Afterkill. After breakfast my
wife and I cam to Humbie and the lady Keith cam with ws.
After I cam to Humbie the lady Humbie lady Inglistoun and
I retired to her chamber, and after seeking God consulted
anent the lady Humbies cond" of health, and thought it best
yet to wait 20 dayes and then to advertise the Lady Inglistoun.

About 11 acloak we drew out the airship goods of the
domicile and caused Michael writ them, and then we went to
denner all together. After denner I went with my wifFe and 4
or 5 more company to the wood for recrea" and saw the lady
there, and returned againe after two or 3 houers stay there.

At night I retired myself and went about my weeklie search,
and did find that my tyme has been for the most part waisted
through this week. Only I found God continued his wonted
favor to me in his protection, and kind reception by freinds
and some allowance also in duties of worship for which I blisse
his name. I observe that I get more allowance in praying with
the ladie Humbie then at uther tymes.

So the Lord was pleased to close the day and the week com-

A prettie fair seasonable day.

15 Maij, The Lords day, 7 a" cloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was ready and the family exercise was done, I
went to sermon and heard M"" Ja Calderwood preach, and
becaus my man had lost my sermon writt book, I rcsolved to
write this dayes sermons on this book as foUowes.

He lectured on Matt. 24. 1 till v. 25.

Our lord having cap. prec. exhorted his apostles and the
multitude to tak heed of the sines of the Pharisees, In this
cap and the following yow have a new sermon for we find that
thes two dayes befor his imprisonment Christ was very diligent
This sermon is whoUie propheticall, shewing the destruction of
Jerusalem and of the temple, giving some signcs therof and signes
of the end of the world; uthers think that only heer he discovers


the temples destruction, but it is of the nation of the Jewes
also. Som think ye words of v. 29-30, etc. are but figurative
expressing the glorie and excellencie of the nation of the
Jewes ; And this is ordinarie as Jer. 4, but we think the Lord
sets som signes going befor the end of the world.

In this cap, 1^ you have the occasion of this sermon, one
more remote, being Christs departing from the temple, being

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 3 of 28)