Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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left it : I reserving to enquire after it.

^ Mr. James Kirkton was minister at Mertoun, and suffered much in the
Covenanting cause. He was the author of the History of the Church of Scotland y
published in 1817 by Mr. Kirkpatrick Sharpe. He was an intimate friend of
Mr. Hay and the Humbie family, and, as appears from the Diary, accommo-
dated the Lady Humbie with the loan of money on the occasion of her going
to Bath.


After supper M'' W'" prayed again and we retired.
I found this a prettie good day I blisse God.
A prettie fair sharp day.

\Q May^ Munday^l acloak. — This morning being in Humble
after I was ready I spok a litle w* the lady anent the giveing
up of the inventarie of the houshold goodes, and I drew a
letter for her to the Lady Ormestoun ^ desireing to send up the
price of her plenishing as it was appreciated. Therafter M*"
James Calderwood cam up and I spok w* him at lenth anent
the call of M"^ W°^ to Dalkeith. I desired M"^ James to be
present at Dalkeith upon Thursday nixt which is the day
appointed for ordering of that matter at Dalkeith. I laboured
also to loose some of M** W™ Calder wood's scruples in refer-
ence to the call.

Therafter we went to breakfast in Humbie and then I took
my leave of the Lady : She still importuning me to come and
dwell at Sheens 2 that I may be neer her. After I parted
from hum by w* my wiffe, being invited I went and dyned in
Keith w* the Lady Libertoun and Lady Ingliston. I con-
ferred w* the laird a litle befor denner, and after we had dyned
I cam to Edinburgh w* the rest. After I cam ther I mad
enquiries anent the condign and hazard of the Lady Humbies
daughter, becaus her nurse was altered, and found her condi-
tion dangerous by the report of severall persons. So I judged
it my dutie to write the hasard to the Lady and to recoinend
the child the more seriouslie to God which I did. Toward
night I was sent for to Jo" Edgers and spok to him and his
wife anent their bussines, and then cam and supped at my
sister Marys house w* my wife and Jonet Veitch and so I went
to bed ther.

I found this a wearisome day to me.

A raine and mist all day.

* Margaret Hepburn was wife of John Cockbum of Ormiston. She
was mother of Adam Cockbum of Ormiston, who succeeded his brother
John in the lands and barony of Ormiston, 28th December 1671. He w««
appointed Lord Justice Clerk on 28th November 169a.— Niibet's HtrtUdryt
vol. i. p. 347.

' The Sciennes near Edinburgh. There was a convent of nuns at this place
dedicated to St. Catherine of Sienna, from which it derived its name of Sciennet.
At the time of writing the Diary it appears to have belonged to Lord Waristoun.


17 May, Twysday, 6-7 acloak. — This morning being in
Edinburgh after I was readie, I went doun the way, and
settled the bussines betwixt Alex"" Veitch and Adam Darling
for which Alex"^ was taken w* caption, and compounded the
soume of 146 lib besydes penaltie and expensses for 69 lib
13 s 4^. which was imediatlie delivered to Darling, and ane
discharge gotten to Alex"" Veitch. Therafter I left w* my
sister Mary to send out some things to me w* John Calander.

About 10 acloak I spok w* the provest anent Jo" Crightoun,
and w* W™ Thomsone anent Jo" Edger, and therafter my wife
and I cam to Redhall, and ther I did read all the Ires from
London shewing that the long parliat. was sitten doun and
emitted their declaratn calling Oliver protector ane usurper,
and challenging the Judges of all the benches for taking
comissions from him; also Waristoun wrote ane ans"^ to o"^
letter which we wrote from Ed"^ may 5, thanking ws and
giving ws hopes that matters will be no worse with ws. Also
that the peace betwixt France and Spaine is not closed, only
ther is a cessation for two moneths, also, that the Lord Henry
Cromwell from Ireland hath submitted to the change of
government, and Monck from Scotland, and that all things
are lik to be peacable etc.

We dyned w*^ the lady Waristoun and S"^ Jo: Cheisly and
after I had written a letter to W"^ Thomson for Jo" Edger, be-
tuixt 3 and 4 my wife and I cam away and cam home at nig^

This was no ill day.

Raine till noone, therafter fair.

18, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie
I resaved a letter from my lord Lie to come to his stepmothers
buriall at Landerick upon Fryday nixt. After I had breakfast
I went up to Bigger and acquainted Alex"* Veitch that I had
aggreed his bussines at Edinburgh. Therafter I spok to
James Crightoun about his sone, and thought it best that he
should go in to Edinburgh and tak some course w* him, either
to send him to Barbados or some uther way ; Therafter I mett
w* M"" Alex'* Lev: I acquainted him w* all newes, and he told
me his progresse in the Merse and Teviotdale having been
imployed to preach 6 tymes. Then he told me that he was


waiting upon some comissioners from the presbrie of Lanerick
and parish of Lesmehago with a call to that parish, and he
asked my opinion theranent. I told him that I was not for the
thing, but I thought he was called to mak some use of it for
reclaiming some of the most stubborne of his parish.

I cam home and mett with James Bruce^ on of the Comissioners
and told him my mynd thereanent, and then I retired myself in
the afternoone, and cleared some accompts and found myself ver\'
wearie after my journey yesterday, and resolved in the Lord's
strenth to go with my wife to the Comunion at Robei-toun
this nixt Sabbath. At night cam Isobell Govan and Mar.
Hay and stayed with me resolving to go to Robertoun.

This was a sad wearisome day.

A very hot seasonable day.

19 May^ Thursday^ 6-7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, James and W"^ Crightouns cam to me and got a
letter from me to the Provest of Ed*^ and another to Andrew
Steinsone to assist them in their bussines in disposing of
Jo" Crightoun. Then cam John Broun in Newholme and
acquainted me how the bussines stood betuixt him and the
Major.2 I advysed him to part in peace. Then cam Geo:
Hog and deHvered to me 107 lib 8s which w^ 17 lib 12s
made up 125 lib. being a yeirs maill for 15 souiTies of the
Deuchar possessed be Jo° Hog, for which I gave him a
discharge. Then cam James Vallance to me and told ine

^ Probably James Bruce of Kilbank, Lesmahagow, who was fined ^^240 Scots
by Middleton's Parliament, 1662.

2 Major Joseph Learmont of Newholm, Dolphinton, at the Battle of Rullion
Green, 28th November 1666, led the principal attack. He escaped. He again
fought at Bothwell Bridge, having along with Robert Hamilton led the charge.
Having again escaped he hid himself in a vault underground near his own
house, and kept himself safe for several years. He was at length discovered,
tried, and ordered for execution, 'but through interest made for him the
sentence was commuted to imprisonment in the Bass.' — Law, p. 217. * He
survived the Revolution, and soon after that happy event died in his own house
of Newholme in the sixty-eighth year of his age. '— Wodrow, vol. ii. p. 26a.

Major Learmont appears to have left his family in poor circumstances, as in
the Lesmahagow Session Record amongst the * mortcloath * money disbursed in
1730 is the following entry : • October 27th, 1730. To Major Lermond's grand-
children, £,\ 10 cx).'


Marion Broun was much worse and that his Wife was almost
distracted. I bid him give in a bill to the Session on tuysday
nixt. Then about noone I went up to Biggar being sent for
to speak to Dolphintoun, and imediatly cam doune againe and
dyned at home w* M'' Jo" Greg^ and some uthers; after denner
Major Ler month cam and layed out his bussines. I went to
Bigger w* him and wrote two letters one to his wife, another to
Jo" Broun to close peacablie. M"^ Alex"" Lev: ^ subscryved them
both. Toward night M"" Alex*" Lev: and James Dicksone de-
sired to meet w* me and told me it was to end anent taking my
hous, which I thought had been done, after much debating and
scurvie insinuatings of James Dicksone, we could not agree and
so I gave him over his hous becaus he wold have 16 libs more
for it. M"^ Alex"^ was sorrie, but I told him I could buy my
calling to stay being invited to go elswher. So, I went home.

This was a tollerable good day.

A fair seasonable day.

20, Fryday^ 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie, I
found myself much troubled what to doe in reference to my
removall from this countrey, and was troubled with it in the
night, my wife incouraged me to follow the call of God's pro-

■^ John Greig, A.M., minister at Skirling, thereafter at Carstairs, indulged by
the Privy Council on 3rd, he was sent to the Bass by them on the 9th September
1675, for keeping a conventicle at Leith Mills. He did not go then, but
repaired to Carstairs in obedience to an Act of Council, 7th October same year.
Again incurring their displeasure, his indulgence v^^as declared to be forfeited.
7th August 1677. He afterwards returned to Carstairs, but refusing to read
the proclamation regarding the deliverance of His Majesty and the Duke of
York from the Rye House Plot, his indulgence was declared at an end by the
Privy Council, 8th October 1684. Sent prisoner to the Bass for not observing
the anniversary of the Restoration, and Uberated in July 1685 on giving bond
for five thousand merks to appear when called. He returned to Skirling in
1687.— Scott's Fasti, etc.

2 Alexander Levingstoun, A.M., who is often referred to in the Diary, was
ordained minister of Carmichael, 3rd June 1640. He was appointed minister to
Colonel Fleming's Regiment for a month 25th of same month, and translated to
Biggar loth December 1646. — Reid's Ireland, vol. ii.

He was indulged in Carluke, 3rd December 1672, and removed to Carstairs
same year. He died 13th April 1678, aged sixty-five, in the thirtieth year of his
ministry. Helen Ramsay, his widow, died in 1682. His daughter married Mr.
John Greig, sometime at Skirling, thereafter at Carstairs.


vidence. I found by prayer that the Lord's mynd was that I
should not part but with consent of the godly, if they wer
not prejudiced. So I resolved to wait for the Lord's mynd, and
for that effect to go to Robertoun comunion, and therefor went
not to the lady Lies buriall, but I went to Skirling to hear
sermon; wher I heard M"" Jo" Greg preach on Ps. 119. 4. Obs.
That it is not anough to have the knowledg of the word
except we appli it to our case in particular. Obs. 2. That it
is not left arbitrarie to ws whither to keep God's precepts or
not, but we are authoritatively injoined to doe so. 3 advan-
tages redounding to ws thence. 3 grounds why the Lord hath
appointed this to be so, and 3 ans""^ to the question, what end
the Lord hath in doing of it. And, lastly, a threefold use of
the point for improving the doctrine, etc.

After sermon I went to Skirling yairds, and I resaived a
letter from bailie Murray, giving me for a yeir Skirling hous
and yairds and 2 dargs^ of hey in the medow gratis. This I
took for a speaking providence, and resolved yet to await
God's will.

About noone I dyned and my wifFe with the minister, and
therafter went through all the houses of the place of Skirling,
and so we cam home finding that Daniel Carmichel had
spoiled all the yairds of Skirling. So being come I retired the
rest of the night.

This was a tollerable good day.

A very fair caller day.

21, Satumday, 5 acloak. — This morning after I was readie,
my wiflfe and I went up to Robertoun comunion to hear the
prepara'n sermons. I heard M' Antonc Murray- on Cant 2. 10.

* Darg is a day's work transferred to the ground on which a particular work is
done, as denoting its extent. See Jamieson's Dictionary.

^ Anthony Murray, A.M., was brother to the laird of Glendoig, and « reU*
tive of Elizabeth, Duchess of Lauderdale. He graduated at St. Andrews*
20th July 1650, was admitted minister of Culter, i8lh August 1654, and
deprived in 1662. He is said to have continued his residence in the parishi
supporting himself by his medical skill, observing he would make the doctor
keep the minister. He returned in 1687, was translated to Paisley in l688»
returned to Culter in 1689, and restored by Act of Parliament. He died aind
March 1692.


In the text 3. A gospel invita*ii, a warme description of
Christ and a description of the spous. Obs. 1. That be the
Christian soule q* he will in himself he is Christ'*s match and
fair one. 4 things breed jealousie in the child of God, ansred
from the text. 5 Scripture expressions which mak it appear
that the beliver is Christs choyse. 4 considera^ns for highten-
ing the love of Christ. 5 reasons why the beliver is Christs
choise. 4 marks to know who is the love and fair one of
Christ. 4 excellent things in Christ to mak you love him the
more. 5 jealousies by the text removed from those that darre
not approach unto the Lords table at this tyme, etc.

Therafter I heard M"^ W°^ Somervell^ on 1 Corinth. 11. 28.
The text hath 2, ane injunction to a duty, and a pressing
reason. Obs. That its a dreadful thing to come rashlie w^out
selfexamination to the Lord's table. 6 reasons why it is so.
3 things which prove the greatness of the mercie of having the
comunion at this tyme. 5 things necessary for preparation
befor we come to the Lords table. 2 propertys of God to be
fixed in your hearts, his holines and his jealousie. 3 things
required in a su table worship. Gods jealousie to be marked
on 3 things. 2 things folk must be distinck in at a comunion,
in your maine erand, Christ, and q* is the particular thing y^
arles them, etc.

Then I heard M"- Tho. Laurie 2 on Hebr. 12. 2. Obs. That
Jesus Christ is the author of his peoples faith : 4 reasons why
Christ as mere man could not be the author of it : 4 sorts of
persones reproved. 6 marks of a trew saving faith : 4 com-
panions of a trew saving faith : 3 words to them that never
had faith nor are sensible of the want of it : 2 words to y"^
that are sensible of the want of it. 9 objections answered for
clearing weak belivers and incouraging them to come to the
Lord's table, etc.

After sermons we went out and wer lodged in the toun w^
W"* Inglis, smyth. I went to the feilds and retired after I

^ William Somerville, A.M., minister at Pettinain, admitted nth August
1642. Joined the Protestors in 1651, died 28th June 1661, in the forty-fifth
year of his age.

'^ Thomas Lawrie, A.M., admitted 28th December 1654, translated to Les-
mahagow about 1660.


had been w^ the comissioners from Lesmahago about M' Alex^
Lev : and had gotten a volume. Then to family duty.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A very great raine.

22, Lords day^ 4-5 acloak. — This morning being in Rober-
toun, after I was readie, I went to sermon, and heard M'^
Thomas Lawrie on Heb"" 12. 2. Ob. That whosoever hath
anything of the reall grace of saving faith Christ is the author
of it. 6 words of direction to such as have this grace of faith
in exercise. 6 words of incourgment to them that have a weak
faith. 5 words to them that have a strong faith. Obs. 2.
That wherever Christ begins a work of faith he caryes it on
unto perfection. 7 reasons of the point. 7 wayes how Christ
perfyteth the faith of his people. 4 obstructions that hinder
faith to grow. 4 points of instruction from the doctrine. 4
grounds of consolatioun and ane use of exhortaun, etc.

After sermon M"" Th° Lawrie opened the work and did serve
some tables. I did comunicat at the 2^ table and renewed my
personal] cov* with God for strenth from him to subdew the
hypocrisie of my heart, especially in duties of worship. The
Lord gave me a tollerable allowance and good hope in him to
overcome by his pouer : and so I went out and heard a peece
of a sermon in the churchyaird.

In the afternoone I heard M"" Alex"* Levingston on Revel.
3. 11. The text hath a counsall in it and 2 directions or
rather incouragements. Obs. That as its the Christians dutie
to know what he hes, so to hold fast what he hes. In 3 cases
the Christian is about self examination. 3 words of advice.
3 consideratns for holding fast what thou hast atteined. 3
things which we should hold fast. 2 hindrances, self sufficiencie,
carnal fear. 3 Uses. Obs. 2. That the faith of Christ coming
is able to comfort belivers hearts in straits and to help to keep
weel what they have atteined. 3 comings of Christ. 3 words
of counsell, and 3 wayes how to provyd for Christ, etc.

After sermons I retired myself till supper tyme, and then we
cam together and I went about dutie.

This was a prcttic comfortable day, I blisse God.

A fair caller day.


23 May^ Munday, 5 acloak. — This morning being in Rober-
toun, after I was readie, I went to sermon of thanksgiving and
heard M"" W" Somervell on Coloss. 3. 1. The text hath a
duty and some argts pressing it, and a direction. Obs. That
though folk be in a state of grace and have reached good
atteinments, yet much of their work is befor their hand. 3
reasons of the point, use 1 to acentious professors. Some
reasons why the people of God may not sleep. Why the
people of God must not be idle, but follow their work after a
comunion. 6 things to be done after a comunion. How to
mortifie a body of death. A word to the debarred people, etc.

Therafter I heard M"^ Antone Murray on Gen. 32. 30. Obs.
That when the beliver gets any sight of God he ought to keep
it upon record. 6 reasons of the point. 5 sorts of folk that
mark not the manifestations of God. 4 things to prove the
danger of neglecting a manifestation. 3 words and 3 reasons
for marking a manifestaoun, and 3 words of advice. Obs. 2,
That now and then the Lord's people gets some sweet sights
of the face of God. Obs. 3, That its a great mercie that
belivers see God and won away with their lives, etc.

After sermones I went in to the ministers, and dyned w* the
brethren. Therafter my wifFe took a most violent fitt of a
colick that I thought she should have dyed, which made me
stay till 4 a cloak. M*" Ro* Broun informed ws from S. Jon
Cheisly that Wariston and Greenhead wer stayed at London,
and M"" Gilespie ^ was sent for in order to expeding that bussi-
nes they went up for in Jan*" 1657, and that he was assured
neither Fleetwood nor Lambert wer anabaptists, and that he
hoped all things should go weel. Therafter I cam home and
was sent for to a dying boy in heavy syd.

This was a prettie good day to me.

Fair befor noone, and raine after.

24, Tuysday^ 8 cCcloak. — This morning befor I was ready
M"^ Alex'^ Levingstoun wri^ doun to me that he was very
unweel and could preach non this day, as also that he aggreed

1 Gillespie, the famous Scottish divine, then in London on the affairs of the
Kirk. He is ironically referred to by Milton as Galasp.

i659] PRICE OF MEAL 38

w* James Dickson for my hous maill one yeir, and desired
me to send up 48 lib Scots, and he wold send me doun a dis-
charge for all bygaines and this yeir to come, which I did send.

After I was ready, having lyen long becaus I was werie
yesternight, I went up to Bigger to see M"" Alex', but he was
sleeping. Therafter I spok with W™ Crightoun for some
meall who told me it wold be about 11 merks or 8 libs per
bole. So I cam home and dyned alone w*^ my wyfe.

In the afternoon I went to the mosse and marked the same
for me, that non might wrong me of the place I had thes 3
yeirs. Then I cam home and went to my book a while befor
night, and did read on Spencers Kaiva Kai iraXaia: simile, the
prophets and patriarchs compared to him that went formost
with the bunch of grapes out of Canaan, and the evangelists
and apostles to him that went hindmost. The first could not
see the grapes, but he that was behind could both see and
eat. Christ is the bunch of grapes. Its said of the man that
fell among robbers that he cam doun from Jerusalem to
Jericho. Jerusalem being a type of the Church, Jericho a
cursed place, and going dounward being improper for a
Christian. These that wold be free of snares bewar of such
snares. At nyt I went about duty in secret and the familie.

This day was prettie free of outward temptations.

A sharp, louring day w* raine.

25 May^ Wednesday^ 7 a^ cloak. — This morning I lay somew*
long having waken in the night becaus my daughter was
unweel. After I was readie I went up to Bigger, and did
visite M' Alex"" Lev: who had lyen thes two dayes, at lenth
he resolved to essay to arise. He told me that he appre-
hendit the reasons of the fast tomorrow by the Synod did
hint at some disappointment they had met with from London
by this change. I cam doun therafter and Alex' Veitch with
me and dyned at home with my wyffe.

After denner I went to Skirling hearing that Robert
Murray was come, but found only that it was his nephew
James Murray, and so I saluted him only and left him. I
spok w' M** Jon Greg and Daniel Carmichacll ^ and so I cam

^ Sir Daniel Carmicbael was fined in 1662 in ^^2400.



home by the heavy syd and visited that dying boy and prayed
with him and found him still weaker.

After I was come home I went to my book of similies, and
found that the Romans used to break the chariot that
brought home the bride, importing she ought to be a good
houskeeper. The Grecians used to rap her forehead against
the lintel of the dore, and the ^Egiptians to pull oiF her shoes
and never to buy any more shoes to her, etc.

Toward night I mett w* Alex'* Dicksone sone to my landlord,
newlie come from Edinburgh, who told me he heard that
Waristoun was made a Counsellor in Ingland which I hardlie
believed, and that the ministers of Ed"^ mynded the mornes
fast mainely for fear of the anabaptists. Therafter I went
in, and went about familie worship mynding the approaching

This was a tollerable free day of outward temptations.

A fair, windie day.

26, Thursday^ 7 dcloak. — This day being set apairt for
fasting and mourning through this provence for contempt of
the gospell and hazard of religion ; after I was readie I
went to bigger kirk and heard M"" Jon m^'Kercie lecture on
John 6. Qi^. In the words 2, the falling back of many followers
of Christ and his confirmation of his oune. In the first, 3
things, the tyme when, the description of the persones, and
the apostecie itself. Obs. 1, That men may go farre on in
religion and yet apostatize and fall away. How far men
may goe on, and yet fall away in 4 particulars. 3 reasons
from men themselvs, 4 reasons from Satan, 5 motives to
presse ws that we may not fall back. Obs. 2, that whoever
leav Christ yet thes that have reall grace should not forsake
him, ane use of it, etc.

Then he preached on Jude 21. The words have % things,
ane exhortation to a dutie, and a mean how to attein it.
Obs. 1, That christians even in a dangerous tyme are ready
to cast themselvs out of the love of God ; 3 wayes how they
cast themselvs out of Gods comon love ; 3 reasons why they
cast themselvs out of the exercise of his special love; 3 reasons
of casting themselvs out of their love to God. Obs. 2, that


its the dutie of all belivers to keep themselvs in the love
of God. 4 reasons of it. Obs. 3, that looking on the mercy
of Christ is a fitt mean to keep a soule in the love of
God, etc.

Afternoone, M"^ Alex"" Levinston lectured on Hos. 11.
S parts of cap. ane enumeration of mercies, a denunci^n of
judgm*, and a consolation to the godly, v. 1. Obs. That when
God shews kindnes, he begins at young love. v. 2. That if
the way wer never so fair, thou cannot walk in thy oune
strenth. v. 6. That they are but fooles that are strangers in
the matters of God. v. 7. That a heart bent to backslyding
is the motto of one voyd of the grace of God. v. 8. That
God dow not give up his people becaus he is God, etc.

Therafter he preached on Ps. 94. 19. Two things in the
text, Davids bitter exercise, and his sweet outgate. Obs. that
in sad tymes the christian's great exercise is mainely from
his perplexed anxious thoughts within. 3 reasons why the
christian's thoughts are full of perplexitie, and breed sore
anxietie. Obs. 2, that in the multitude of the thoughts that
perplex the Christian the comforts of God delight his soule etc.

After sermons I cam home and retired to duty secret and
private, and found this a tollerable good day to me.

A prettie, fair day.

27 Mai/, Fryday, 5 cCclodk. — This morning after I was
readie, having hyred 5 or 6 men to cast peets I went into the

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 5 of 28)