Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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mosse and visited them. Providence did cast in my way a
dumb man whom I hyred becaus I wanted one. Therafter I
cam home and did breakfast.

About 10 a'cloak I went up to Bigger to the session and
ther M"^ Alex' told me how he had a mynd to put Geordie
Wilsone^ off, but he wold have ane fixed fault upon him, and
shew me a paper against him. I exonered myself in telling M'
Alexr that I thought he was called of God to exercise more
severe discipline in this place, which he promised.

In the Sessioun we tried the scandall of drunknes and
fyghting in Geo Wilsones hous, and found that he had been

^ Geordie Wilson appears to have been the minister's nmn or bctdle.


sleeping the tyme of it. Therafter we fell upon Marion
Broun's bussines, and having resaved a bill from Marget Steill
we called in Marion Broun, who after some light vain speeches
befor any sentence was intimated unto her, did appeall from
the Sessioun to the Presbrie alledging she had advice from
her friends to do so. Therafter we completed the Act in-
joineing her to be rebuked befor the Congreg", Sab. come 4
days and so we pairted.

I went to the buriall of Jon Telfer in heavy syd, and then
went home and dyned, and thereafter I went to the mosse.
Then I was sent for to M*" Ro* Broun and M"" Jon Greg. I
sat at home with them a while, and then my wyfe and I went
over to Quothquan with M"" Robert in our way to Carluke

This was a tollerable good day.

A gurle day of blinks and shouers.

28, Saturnday^ 4 a'cloaJc. — This morning being in Quodq^
after I was ready and had taken my breakfast, my wiffe and I
went away together to the Com union at Carluke. We got a
foule morning by the way, and cam to Carluke about 10 hors.
Then we went doun and took up our quarters at the Kirktoun
in Jo" Kilkerson, his hous ; about 11 a''cloak I cam to the
church and heard M"^ Jo" Levingstone lecture on Ps. 130.
Obs. That belivers may be in very great deeps of sin, tempt^n,
and defections; deeps of desertion are understood in this
place, 2 things to be done in this case, trying and continueing
in trying, v. 2. Obs. That many tymes in prayer particulares
are swallowed up, and that it is a wyse prayer to crave hearing.
V. 3. Obs. that the thing that ailes folk most is their iniquity.
V. 4. Obs. that ther are many things w^ God that we doe not
see, misbelief is like pratting creatures that can never hold
their peace. Obs. That the right way of being afraid of the
Lord is because he is good. Obs. That patience is Christs
waiting roome, and weells them that have their resolutions
steeled to wait. Obs. that no waiting is comparable to that
of the saints, etc.

Therafter M"^ W™ Broun, minister at Carnwarth, preached
on Zech, 12. 10, the text hath faith and repentance in one


promise. Obs. That our blissed Lord who was once dead
is yet to be seen and looked upon. 5 reasons wherin the
Lord gives a blyth sight of himself to his freinds. 4 looks
unto Christ which be invitations that he can hardly sit, a
longing, a mourning, a love look, and a bashful look. 5 sights
of Christ which are atteinable by belivers. 5 things compre-
hended within a bleeding sight of Christ. Obs. 2, that the
mourning frame of spirit is the most desirable posture to be
found in. 5 things wherin mourning is comendable, 4 means
of atteining this mournfuU frame of spirit, etc.

After sermons I went down to the Kirtoun and lodged ther
with my wifFe. Dolphinton and I did dutie by turnes and
after I had covenanted with God personally and resolved to
comunicat on thes termes to-morrow, I went about meditation
till supper tyme and after supper went to the feilds againe.

This was a good day, but I was defective in prepara^n.

Foule in the morning and windie y^after.

29 May^ The Lords Day^ 3-4 a'cloak. — This morning being
in Carluk after I was ready, I went to sermons and heard M"^
John Levingstoun lecture on John 20. 24. In the text 2
great wonders, great misbeleef and strange condescendencie.
Obs. that so long as the church is heer on earth, ther is ay
something amisse in it. Obs. 2, that the people of God should
edefy one another and every one cary home a part to them
that cannot win. Obs. 3, that when misbeleef is, ther will be
some threeds of hope. 4° that they are weel gets Christ's
healthinff, peace be unto yow. 5^ that. some short words in
scripture have more in them nor a long harange, etc.

Therafter M"- W»» Jack preached on Jer 31. 25. Obs. 1,
that werines is that which best disposeth ws for the Lord'^s
refreshments. 2 reasons of it. 4 things wheroft' we must be
werie, what sort of werines it is, in 3. It must be spirituall,
universall, and burdensome. 3 characters of werie scales.
Two motives to work you up to it. Ane use of exhortation,
becaus the promise is made to werines in the text, etc.

After sermons M*" W*" Jack opened the actioun, and I did
comunicat at the 4*'* table served be M' Jo" Levingston, and
upon the termes of renewing my personall covt witli God, to


(leall with him for strenth, to wait patientlie, and in the mean-
tyme to importune the throne at all occasions that the Lord
wold reforme not only the vaigings and whorings of my heart,
but also the hypocrisie and formality therof in duties of
worship. I had some allowance through the day, but was
much darkened and confused at the table.

In the afternoone M*" Jo" Levingston preached on Luc
17. 32. Obs. 1, that among all the wares of the botle of our
soule that is broken, our memory is one. Obs. 2, that we
are bound to remember the Lords dealings towards uthers.
5 particulars wherin to remember Lots wiffe. Obs. that some
seeme to go half way to heaven and die be the way. Obs. 2,
that some things we count very smal which the Lord counts
very great. S^ that a peeace of idle curiositie has been the
undoing of many. S things supposed to be the causes of her
looking back, etc.

After sermons I went to the Kirktoun, and retired to duty.

I found softening this day, except at the table.

A fair, windie day.

30, Munday, 5 cCdoak. — This morning being in Kirktoun
after I was readie and had payed my reckoning I went to
church to hear the thanksgiving sermons. I heard M"^ Jon
Oliphant preach on Matthew 12. 45. In the text 6 things.
Satans returne to a soule, the tyme, the manner, his abode,
the consequence, and the applicaoun. Obs. 1, That the devil
may return to a soule out of which he seemed to go. In

3 respects he may go out. 3 reasons for it on Gods part, and

4 reasons on the devills part. 5 marks to know whether Satan
be gon out really, or only for a season, 9 means that Satan
may not re-enter. Obs. 2, That when the devill returns to a
soule, its in a more sad condition then ever it was befor. It is
so in 3 respects, etc.

Therafter M"^ Peter Kid preached on John 15. 5, that when
Christ is away in the exercise of our duty toward heaven we
cannot prosper. 4 reasons for it. 5 things to be seen when
Christ is taken in with the dutie. The exercise of the soule
in 3 things in this case; 3 advantages by Christ's being present
with ws, the means how to get him with ws, etc.


After sermons I spoke a little with S. Jo. Cheslie and with
some of Lesmahagow and Dyferse anent their planting their
kirk and then young Calderwood ^ my brother-in-law took me
and my wifFe doun to Hamiltoun so I went and dyned with
him together w* the Laird of Cleghorne ^ and some uthers.

After denner we went altogether and saw the Castle of
Craignethan and the yairds and spent till 5 at night ther,
then I cam doun be the threip wood and appointed all the
tennants to meet me at Landrick upon Fryday come 8 days
at Mary Maxwells hous ^ and so I was content to go to the
Miltoun* all night wher I spok with them anent their bussines
both with their uncle and some uther particulars.

1 Young Calderwood was brother to Mary Maxwell, Mrs. Hay. She was
the daughter and only child of Sir James Maxwell, first baronet of Calderwood,
by his marriage with Jean, daughter of Sir James Hamilton of Evandale, by
Lady Margaret Cunningham, his wife, daughter of James, seventh Earl of
Glencairn. Lady Margaret's sister was Ann, Duchess of Hamilton. Young
Calderwood, a son by Sir James's second marriage with Mary Coutts, as Sir
William succeeded as second baronet to his father in 1667. — Douglas's

2 An aunt of Mrs. Andrew Hay, Nicholas, third daughter of Sir James
Maxwell of Calderwood, was married in 1604 to Alexander Lockhart of Cleg-
horn. He died about 1630, and she survived till 1645. The Cleghorn referred
to in the Diary was James, son of and successor to this Alexander, who was an
ardent Royalist.

^ Probably a change house or hostelry.

** The residence of Sir John Whiteford of Milnton, Carluke, now Milton
Lockhart. John Whytford of Milnton was served heir to his father, Adam
Whytford of that ilk, in the lands of Mylneton in the barony of Mauldeslie,
24th March 1663. He was soon after knighted and appears among the Com-
missioners of Supply for the year 1667 and 1678 as Sir John Whiteford of Milton.
The estate was soon after sold.

' Sir John Whiteford of Milton [Carluke parish] was a wicked man, and such
a persecutor that he was said with his servants to have murdered sevcrals when
flying from Pentland, and had a principal hand in informing against Gavin
Hamilton in Mauldslie, who was taken and executed with others at Edinburgh,
December 7, 1666 ; and was one of the Commissioners on the test circuits, 1683.
This and other pieces of the like employment made James Nicol, a martyr, say
"that the world would see that house a desolation, and nettles growing in its
closs," which came to pass soon after the Revolution, when he became insolvent,
his estate sequestrated, and orders obtained to apprehend him, which al last was
effected although he defended himself some lime with stones from the bftitlement.
The land changed many masters, and for some years lay desolate, and it hat been
observed that till of late no man dwelt in it above the space of seven yean.*—
God's Justice Exemplified^ p. 54. Glasgow Edition, 1797.


I had convictions of spending this day ill.
Some shouers of raine but warme.

31 May^ Tuesday^ 6-7 aclodk. — This morning being in
Miltoun after I was readie I spok w* my brother-in-law
anent that submission betwixt Alex^" Maxwell and him, now
in my hands, and promised not to give that submission out of
my hands till I get his warrand for so doing. Therafter I
went to breakfast and therafter I took my leave of them and
my wifFe and I cam away.

I cam to Kerswall ^ about 12 a cloak and found S"" Jon at
home; he and I conferred a little, and thereafter went to
denner, whilst we wer eating M"^ Hew Kennedy cam in, and
told us that he heard of some intentions to have S"^ Jon a
judg but he nor I knew no such thing.

After denner S*^ Jon and I conferred together about all
business both publick and privat till 6 acloak at night. He
told me that Waristoun had written to him, that the business
of the union of the 9, nations, and the constitution of the
judicatories in Scotland wer remitted to that counsall, whereof
he was a member, and desired him to send up a number of
persones names to be nominat apon ane commissioune for
plant" of kirks which he hoped to get setled in Scotland,
among which he told me he had named me one, with which I
was unsatisfyed, and told him that I had never had more
peace nor when I resolved to live w*out medling with publick
imployment and advysing my friends to doe the same, he told
me that M^ Jo" Carstairs was of the same mynd, he told me
also that S"^ Henry Vain had promised once mor to be ane
agent for Scotland provyding this parlia* and the protestant
partie wold wal ^ together, etc. About 6 acloak I cam away
and saw the coall work be the way not weel advanced.

This day was somq* raving to my spirit.

A fair day and drying wind.

1 June, Wednesday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I went to the mosse becaus I was informed that Alex*"

^ The seat of Sir John Cheisley. ^ weld.


Stevenson had taken up my roume, and after I had spoken to
him, he was content upon request to quite it again. There-
after I cam home and did breakfast, and then went to Bigger
to buy meall becaus M^ Jo" Rae had disappointed me of a
bargane which he made with me very unhandsomely, and
bought 2 bolls from M"* Alex*" Lev: and caused bring them
doun. Thereafter M"* Alex'* and I conferred together. I told
him all the newes I knew, and he told me that the sessioun
had agreed w* James Broun for his touer to be a schoole and
a schoole hous, and should pay to him 400 merks for the same
and desired me to see all the writs of the same and to advyse
the draught of the securitie, and that he resolved to tak 200
merks from the box to help to buy the touer, and let the rent
of the hous come to the poore. I resaived also a letter from
M"" W*" Dicksone desiring me to come to Glenwhom tomorrow,
be nyne a cloak for helping liim in his bussines w* his heritors.

About noone I cam home and dyned w^ my wifFe, who there-
after fell exceeding sick of her payne in her back and did often
swound, tlien I resaived Ires from the Lady Humbie anent
M*" Gedeon Penman's bussines, to be advysed with S' Jo", and
the ansr. to be sent to her, also shewing me she had sent vyr
letters which I had not resaived. Thereafter M^ Jo° Rae and
M"^ Jo" Caldwell came and visited me, and stayed two ho"
and I gave him his coquet.^ Thereafter I went in and reviewed
the sermons I heard and so to dutie.

This was a tollerable day to my spirit.

A fair, drying day.

2 June, Thursday, 4-5 a'cloaJc. — This morning after I was
readie, I resaved ane letter from the Lady Humbie with the
inventarie inclosed for confirming her husband's testament,
wherein she desired my opinion before slie did anything
further in it. Therafter I went into the mosse, and putt o'
folks to cast peets, they wer 4 men and 4 women.

About 8 acloak M"^ Alex"" Lev: M' Ro^ Lev: and M' Ro»
Brown cam to the Stane and caryed me with them to the
visitation of Glenwhom kirk. The way lay be Kilbocho, so I

^ Coquet : a customhouse certificate, or warrant that duty had been paid.
See New Eng. Did. , sub voce cocket.


went in and visited the lady. I heard Mr. Pat. Andersone
preach at Glenwhom on 2 Corinth. 5. 20. Obs. 1° that the
great business of ministers is to get soules reconciled to Christ.
2° that all sinners by nature are enemyes to Christ. 3*^ that
it is our dutie to give obedience to thes that trafeque for
our reconciliatioun, etc.

After sermon we did choose M'^ Alex"^ Levingstoun Moder-
ator for this half yer, and then went to the visitation. I
found them by their profession to be sancts almost all, for
each ane gave uthers a good testimony, which made me sus-
pect them the more. Therafter we appointed the heritors to
meet and stent themselves for a bell, for grasse to the minister,
and reparation of the manse, and to give us their determinat
ans"^ this day month. I dyned with the minister with the rest,
and we sat afternoone till neer 7 at nyt.

Therafter I cam home; I spok to M"^ Arch. Porteous^ anent
my brother's daughter ^ at my brothers desire. He promised
to give me ane answer. So I retired myself to duties secret
and privat.

This day was very raving to my spirit.

A very fair, warme day.

3, Fryday, 5-6 acloak. — This morning after I was ready I
put my people to the mosse to cast my peets, and then I cam
home ; And after breakfast I took my horse and went to
Symontoun comontie, and mett there w* S"^ Jo. Cheislie and S*
Jo"^ Kirk,^ and did set pit-stons and merch and meith all the
propertie of Locarthill wher it is contiguous w* Symontoun.
Thereafter S"" Jo^ and I went and took a drink with S* Jo°^
Kirk, and then I got Waristons Ires to read dated May 24, 26,
and 28. I find he is imployed in the greatest affairs of state ;
that he got M'' Sharp repryved from being a prisoner; That he
and Lambert had resaued all Thirlo his papers * and that Thirlo
would scarce put on his hatt in their presence, a change ! that

^ Mr. Archibald Porteous seems to have been a medical practitioner in Biggar.
2 Mary, daughter of John Hay of Haystoun.
2 Baillie of St. John's Kirk, and father of Jerviswood.

•* Thurlow's Collection of State Papers, was published in seven quarto


he and Lambert and H. Vaine had resaued and dispatched 3
ambassadors, french, dutch, and Swedish; That the lord Protector
had resigned the government under his hand ; That Swintoun,^
Garthland^ and Col. Barclay are dealing ther be no session
till the union be setled, and no union till the deputies of
1652 be called up, which I judg lookes not handsome lyke.
That Col. Lockhart has written he is under great burdens, and
that he desires to come over for a little tyme, which being
remitted to Lambert and Waristoun they made a favourable
report and granted his desire.

I cam home about 5 at night having dyned by the way at
Quodqn w* S^ Jo", and I went in with my wifFe who had been
sick, and we stayed one houer in the mosse. Then I cam
home and retired myself to dutie and did read the historic of
Cardinall Wolsie.

This was ane indifferent day to me.

A grey louring fair day.

4 June, Saturnday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I resaved another letter from my brother anent his
daughter Maryes sickness of the epilepsie. I wrote to him ane
answer trysting him at Ed*" upon Tusday if the Lord will. I
wrote a letter to the Ladie Humbie shewing that after I had
spoken with S"* Jo" in her business I wold give her ane ans'.

I resaved a letter from M"^ Ro* Broun desireing me to resave
some money for him fra S'" J* Stewart. I heard a storie of a
strange delusion of Satan on Arthur Gardiner in Monckland
by dropes of blood falling twyce on his book as a signe of his
pardon, which book M'" Lues Somervell his Minister keeps, who
also told me the storie.

About noone my sister Jonet cam over and she and Helen
Broun dyned with us. I blisse the Lord for the continuance

^ John Swinton, son of Alexander Swinton of Lauristoun. In 1649, in the
lifetime of his father, he was appointed one of the colonels for Berwickshire for
putting the kingdom in a position of defence. He was also chosen one of the
Committee of Estates and appointed Commissioner for the plantation of Kirks,
on i6th March of that year. Cromwell, on leaving Scotland in 1651, carmd
him a prisoner to England. He was forfeited by the Convention of Estates in
that same year. He died in 1679.

' William M'Dowal of Garlhlands, Stoney Kirk.


of my sisters health; I wrote a letter to my sister Mary
and promised to give 20 lib to Marg* Hay to help her
provyding she employed it weel, and I sent 8 li 16 sh to
Barbara Geddes being in distresse, whereof I got 2 dol fra S'^
Jo Cheislie.

After denner I went to Skirling and caused John Young
shew me these 2 dargs of medow which Robert Murray gave
to me this yeir. I vieued also the yairds and caused need-
naile ^ the dors.

At night I went to my weeklie search, and found that how-
beit the vowes of God wer upon me, yet alace, I had not
walked closlie through this week, especially in the entrie of it ;
I am still more and more convinced that I am in a decay ;
the Lord recover me, I purpose in his strenth to walk more
circumspectly in tyme coming.

The Lord be blissed this was a toUerable good day.

A fair warme day, but windie.

5, The Lm-ds day^ 7 aclodk. — This morning after I was
readie and had gon about family dutie I went to Bigger Kirk
and heard M"" Pat. Andersone lecture on Isa. 30. 10. Obs.
That whatever be christians trys tings in this world they have
no reason to be discouraged, v. 11. That the Lord will not
let his oune people go away unpunished when they sin.
V. \% That the case and condition of the people of God may
be somtimes as to human appearance hoples and helples.
V. 14. That our sines are the cause of all our misery, v. 15.
That folk are more sensible of their affliction nor of their sin.
V. 17. That whenever God turns his hand against his people
the wicked think they are casten off, etc.

Therafter he preached on Ps. 119. 176. In the words 3,
ane honest confession, a sweet sute, and a strong arg*. Obs.
That it is a very ordinary thing for folk whilst they are in
the wildernes to go astray from God. Straying from God
described in 3. And 4 reasons of the point. 5 things

1 Neednail. To fasten securely by nails which are clinched. A term which
seems literally to signify nailed from necessity, but appears synonymous with
roove. A window is said to be neednailed, when it is so fixed with nails in the
inside that the sash cannot be lifted up.— Jamieson's Dictionary.


that are dreadfull strayings from God. 6 rules whereby we
may keep ourselves from straying fra God. 4 words to such as
know their strayings, but are not weary therof. 3 directiones
to such as go astray and know it not, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on Ps. 32. Obs. v. 1. That the
pardoned man is above all contraversie the blissed man, 3
considera^ns to clear it, 4 sorts of persones that may suspect
they are not pardoned. Obs. 2, That justifica^n and santifi-
ca**n go still together, v. 3. That folk really gracious may
come under no small exercise for sin. 3 reasons for it. Obs. 2,
That when wakenings of conscienc for sin are ry* the very
cares will cary the marks of it. 3^ That a ready way out of
greif for sin is to deal plainly w* God, etc.

Therafter he preached on Ps. 119. 176. 3 words to such as
are gon astray and are weighted with it. Obs. That folk that
have gotten good of ordinances will not hyd their strayings
from God. 3 properties of honest confession of sin, 3 reasons
of the point, 3 rules for right confession, and 3 motives to it.
Obs. 2. That folk will never be sought nor bro* from their
straying till God find them and bring them. 3 markes of such.
5 sorts of folk that are not reclaimed, etc.

After sermons I visited Jo" Steinsone and prayed with him.

This day I was straitened in publick and inlarged in private.

A wind and grey day.

6 June^ Munday^ 7 aclodk. — This morning before I was readie,
James Forrest in Skirling cam to me and spok to me anent
these two dargs of hey and the grasse of Skirling yaird, that I
should bespeak James Robesone to keep it. After I wa.s
readie James Crightoun brought doun the rights of the touer-
house of Bigger which we have bought to be a schoole, and left

After breakfast I revieued them and found the first builder
to be Jo** Steinsone anno 1594 then it cam to his sone Alex%
who dispones the same to Jean Crosbie in liferent and Laur

^ The observations of Mr. Hay on the title show that he was well acquainted
with the rules of Scottish conveyancing and that he must have been brod to the


Cook her son in fie, but it wants Alex"^ his wiffs ratification ;
Jo° Gullo^ dispones for his sone Laurence to Ja Broun and
gives warrandice ; ther wants Laurence Gullo his ratification,
being now major.

About 12 I went up to Bigger being sent for to visite Jo"
Steinsone, lying very sick. I find he hath some convictions,
Lord prosper them to his good; therafter I spok w* Alex"^
Veitcli and then cam home and dyned.

In the afternoone I went to the garden and did read most
pairt of it upon a peece of the story of the Church of Scotland,^
from the yeir 1596 till the yeir 1608 written by M*" James
Melvin concerning the empanalling and condemning of M"^ Jo"
Forbes, M'^ Jo" Welsh etc. and uther 12 godly ministers for
defending the assemblie at Aberdeen anno 1605, Laurestoun
being Commis'. Therafter I cam in being unweel and went to

This day was pretty free of outward temp*.

A very high wind and a cold day.

7, Tuysday^ 7 acloak. — This morning I lay being somq*
unweel. After I was readie, I did read on M"^ Melvins litle
story of Scotland, where I observed a Strang story that in anno
1606 M"^ Jo" Forbes w* M"^ John Welsh and uthers being
condemned by ane Assyse, he spok to the court and the jurie
instancing Sauls breach of cov* with the Gibeonites for which
long after God was angrie and could not be appeased till 7
of Sauls sons were hanged up in the dayes of David, which he
applied unto the king who had subscrived the covenant and
confession of faith often before.

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 6 of 28)