Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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I completed that manuscript and then went to denner. I
resaued a letter from S"^ Daniel Carmichael desiring to know if
the partie I spok for would buy his land. I returned him
ans"^ that he might tak the first offer was made by any.

^ A surname probably represented locally by Kello. James Kello and
Patrick Kello are in the ' list of abill men in the parochin of Biggar,' 1640.

2 This confirms the conjecture of Dr. M'Crie that a manuscript in the Advo-
cates' Library, entitled History of the Declining Age of the Church of Scotland,
bringing down the history of that period to 16 10, was composed by James
Melville, the nephew of the famous reformer, Mr. Andrew Melville.


In the afternoone continuing still unweell, I walked abroad
ane hour or two and tlien I begun another manuscript con-
cerning the historic of Scotland; the first sex yeirs after Quen
Mary her arrivall which was in anno 1562, wherin is much free
discourse betwixt her and John Knox, and a great deall of
trouble to hold out the masse, and severall tymes the Quen
was moved to weep out of anger and revenge : also concerning
the Queens voyage to the north, and how the Marquis of Huntly
fought against her, and was routed and himself killed, etc.
Therafter I cam in and went about dutie in the family and
in secret.

This day was tollerablie free of temptations.

This was a very windie day ; some raine.

8 June^ Wednesday^ 8 acloak. — This morning continuing still
unweel, after I was readie I did againe read upon that
manuscript of the storey of Queen Mary of Scotland : a very
long disput betwixt Secy Lethingtoun and Jo" Knox at the
assemblie in Ed"^ 1565, concerning the pouer that subjects have
to resist their princes imposing any unlawfull things upon
them ; 9P That subjects have ground to resist the planting of
idolatrie. Also I did read a processe against Jo" Knox for
convocating the leidges, and his oune defence before the
Councell ; who did acquit him and offend the Queen. Ther-
after I dyned, and after I went out on horsback and met M'
Alex^" coming fra Ed^ He told me he had preached thrice
and that ther wer no newes, so I cam home againe. In the
afternoone M"^ Tho Laurie cam to me and stayed all night ; he
advysed with me anent some particulars in relation to his wife,
and the bussiness of his transportation to Leshmahagow, wherein
I was not clear, but bad him be weel advysed befor he deter-
mined himself. He told me a note of M"" Lightoun on 1 John
2. 7, 8, that all the world might be devyded in two. They wer
either too superstitious of old things, or too curious of new, and
to gaine both, the apos^ calls it both ane old and ane new
commandement. After we had conferi*ed long we went to
supper and then to family dutie which he did.

I found my heart not right but vainc this day.

A very vchment wind, and dry.


9, Thursday^ 5-6 acloak. — This morning after I was ready,
M"" Tho Laury and I did breakfast together and then we went
to Kerswall where missing S"^ Jo°, I went on to Lanerick. I
mett ther with him, he gave me the letters from London to
read. I find Swintoun, Garthland, and Dav Barclay ingadged
in a petition to have no sessioun, and have up the deputyes
1652, I did read a petition of Tillifriskie desyring the benefits
of all offices in the State and countrey to be brought into the
treasurie with reasons for that effect, also that S"^ Jo^ would
have been nominated a plenipotentiarie to have gone to the
Sound if he had been at London, and that the States of
Holland and Ingland are upon ane accord, etc.

I went and dyned with my lord Carmichell,^ who made me
very welcome. I spok w* S*^ Daniell and gave over the bar-
gaine of Dalry-haughs.^ Then I found the Committee of
Lesmehagow wer sitting, and had condescended on M"^ Th*'
Laury, but becaus the heritors wer not conveened, it was
delayed till Munday to mak it more harmonious of both
elders and heritors.

About 5 at night I cam away and came by M"" Arch^ Porteous
and ingadged him to go w* me upon Munday cum eight dayes
to Haystoun to see my brother's daughter. Then I cam be
Quodquan and saw my sister sad and M' Rot also ; so I cam
home be Bigger and ther met M"^ Ja. Kirktoun and stayed
with him ane houer. He wold not stay at our hous becaus I
was not at home. I went home.

This was but a raving day to me.

A rough fair day.

10 June^ Fryday, 5 a cloak, — This morning after I was
readie, Mr. Kirktoun cam doun to me from Bigger, and dis-
coursed with me a whyle, therafter he and I took horse, he to
Lanerick and I to Ed"^ communions. We rode together to
Carnwath Mylne. He told me Andrew Dunkisone was dead ;
That he had 3000 mks. to lend to the lady Humbie, and knew
not if her security was good. I told him I thought it good

1 Sir James Carmichael of Hyndford, proprietor of the lands and Barony of
Carmichael, was created Lord Carmichael in 1647.

2 Probably Boat-house near Carmichael.


eneugh. Therafter I parted with him and went to Kerswall.
After I had spoken a litle with Sir Jo", M"" Ro^ Lockert and
Mr W™ Broun cam ther, and we dyned together.

After denner Sir Jo" and I cam away to Redhall ; ^ by the
way we discoursed of the lady Humbies bussiness. We thot
the cornes wer to high rated in the inventarie to be confirmed
in her husbands will. We thought also it was best to persew
M"" Gedeon Penman not by a removing, but to intend a reduc-
tioun against him, for the Kers aikers and the Lamp lands

We cam to Redhall about 8 acloak at night, and did read
letters from London, shewing that my lord Waristoun was
made President of the Councell of State ; that Swintoun and
some uthers much invyed him upon this acompt : that the
lord Fleetwood his commission to be Lieut Gen" was read and
voted till May 7, etc. Therafter I supped in the Ladye'*s
chamber. I was wet to the skin this day upon the way.

This was a roving day in much discourse.

Fair befor and very foule after noone.

11, Saturnday, 4 acloak. — This morning being in Redhall
after I was ready I spok with the lady a whyle, and therafter M*"
W*" Cheisly ^ and I cam into Ed"". He ad vy sed me to tak a Charter
from the Lady Dutchesse of the lands of Threipwood and that
it would not prejudge me ; which I resolved to doe. I cam into
Ed"" about 10 hours and went to my sisters house and found a
letter from my brother who had sent his man to me this week
with my anual rent and 500 mks, but he wold not leav it with
my sister. Therafter I went to Wariston's hous and dyned

* Redhall, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, belonged to Major
Arnold Hamilton. At the time the Diary was written it appears to have been
the country residence of the Warriston family, of whom Lady Redhall seems to
have been a member. In 1672 part of the lands were acquired by John Chieslie
of Dairy, and belonged to him at the time of his execution for the murder of
President Lockhart. Alexander Brand of Baberton was proprietor of the other
part. — Murray's Parish of Colinton,

^ William Cheisley or Chiesley of Cockburn, a brother of Sir John. He was
a Writer to the Signet, and was married to Agnes Rutherford, daughter of Mr.
Samuel Rutherford, Principal of St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, the author of
Rutherfonfs Letters.



with the lady and Sir Jo. Cheislie. About 1 acloak I went to
M'' Stirling's kirk, and heard M'" Jo" Levingstoun preach the
preparation sermon on Revel. 2. 4. Obs. that the good that
any man does takes not away the Lords displeasure against his
ensuing falls, but increaseth it rather. Obs. 2, that almost it
will lie in your power what to call sins befor God, if you call it
great it will evanish, if small it will be drawen out in battell
aray. Obs. 3, that forsaking of the first love is a thing incident
to Christians, and is incident to the God of Christians to mak
it a lasting quarrell, ay till it be remedyed ; 2 considerations
upon it. 4 properties of God's contraversie for our forsaking
our first love, what the forsaking our first love faith, etc.

After sermon I went to M*" Jo" Nisbet's wyfs buriall, and
then retired myself to my preparatioun and weeklie search, and
had a very comfortable allowance in some meditations in
reference to the morn's work and found the Lord's smyle upon
me and put me in a prettie good frame, for which I blisse his
name. So I supped and lay in Waristouns.

This was no ill day ; I blisse the Lord for it.

A gray day with some raine.

12 June, The Lords day, 5 acloak. — This morning being in
Ed"^ after I was readie I went to the Lady Yesters kirk and
heard M*" Jon. Levingstone lectur on Ps. 110, being a prophecie
of Christ's dominion. Obs. that his kingly office comprehends
both preistly and propheticall. v. 1. Obs. That a christian may
quite his welfare except he can say as Thomas did. My Lord
etc. V. 2. that such as will not obey the word, shall not get
a messenger from the dead. v. S. that to be free, generous, and
gentle, is a mark of God's people, v. 4. That God the Father
officiats in consecrating his sone a preist for his people.
V. 7. that it becomes all saints to lift up their heads and
hearts, etc.

Therafter M"* Jo. Stirling preached on Matthew 26. 29.
Obs. 1, that if we wold comunicat as Christ did, we wold be
thinking that this may be our last comunion. 3 advantages
heerby. Obs. 2, that its our advantage in comunicating to
consider what a storm abyds ws. Obs. 6, that ofttimes when
the Lords people are to get the gladest ty dings fra Christ, a


sad word goeth befor. 4° that belivers hev a kingdome
heerafter, etc.

After sermons I did comunicat in M' Stirling's kirk, M"" Jo.
Levingston being administering, and took my sacramt upon
the renovation of my personall covt with God on the termes as
it stands written and signed, and promised and vowed in the
Lord's strenth to beg grace to mourne for leaving my first lov,
and to repent and doe my first works, and be more diligent
and faithfull in duties thenever I have been : and the Lord
gave me a good day, blissed be he, and allowed me more
tendernes then I had at any comunion this yeer yet.

Then I went out with M"" Levingstoun and went to the
Grayfrier kirk wher he served 3 tables and therafter preached
in the afternoone on Revel. 2. 4. Obs. that love to God is
such a grace and exercise as is of great moment both for him
and ws. Obs. 2, that becaus the Lord expects love but from
few, therfor he quarrells for leaving it. S'* That its a great
matter that God will give ws leave to love him. Obs. 4, That
anything of a christian is remarkable, but especially his begin-
nings and first love ; 2 properties of our first love ; 3 steps of
falling from our first love. 2 helps for a decayed christian to
ryse againe, etc.

After sermons I cam home to Waristoun's, and retired till

This was a good day to my soule.

A very warme day.

13, Munday^ 5 acloak. — This morning being in Edinb.
After I was readie I went up to my sisters to know quher M*"
Levingston preached, and finding he preached in M*" Stirling's
kirk, I went thither and heard him. On Revel. 2. 5, we please
Christ best when we love him most. In the text ther is ane
exhortation, and a threatening. Obs. 1, that a sanctifyed
memorie is a great help for a holie and christian walking.
Obs. 2, that grace can mak use of all that nature had and sin
hes defaced. Ons. 3, that the reason of our not ryesing after
falling from our first love, is ane oblivion of our former good
condition. 2 means to help our memory in spiritual thinges.
Obs. 4, that when love toward God decays, so doeth love


toward his people. Obs. 5, that by the word (fallen) the
Lord calls all that know anything of God, to remember the sweet
communion you have had befor. Obs. 6, that Christ proceeds
orderly with the backslyding Christian; 1° to remember,
2^ to repent, 3° to doe, etc.

After sermons I cam up to my sister's hous and breakfast ;
M"* Levingstone cam in and lay doun with a pain in his head,
so I took my leav of him ; thereafter I cam doun to Waris-
toun's hous and met with M"^ TrailP and M"^ Stirling and some
uthers but we found it not expedient to have any meeting
though M"" Guthrie had desired it, Then I dyned with the lady
Waristoun at her hous.

Then after denner I spok with Sir Ja. Stewart anent M"^ Rot
Broun, but no money till he hear from Alantoun ; I found Sir Ja
in a decay of his health and in great hazard if he recover not
quicklie ; I had appointed a meeting with W"^ Thomsone, and
waited long on but he keeped not, so I retired at night. I
supped none but lay with Sir Jo" in Waristons.

This was a day of some temptations.

A prettie fair day.

14 June, Twysday, 4 acloah — This morning being in
Waristoun's hous in Ed"" after I was readie the lady Waristoun
cam up to Sir Jo" and me, and sat in our chamber from 4 till
8 a cloak. We did read my lord's letters entreating her
ernestly to come up, and after debating all circumstances we
advysed her to settle her bussiness, and go as quicklie as may
be with the returne of my lord Argyle's coach,^ which is to be
heer on twysday. My lord writes the peace betwixt France and

^ Robert Traill, born in 1603, was ordained minister of Elie in 1639, He was a
chaplain with the Scottish army, and was present at the battle of Marston Moor.
In 1649 he was translated to the Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh. He was one
of the covenanting ministers who attended the Marquis of Montrose on the
scaffold in 1650. In 1663 he was banished from Scotland and retired to Holland,
where he died.

2 The coach being named Lord Argyle's seems to indicate that he had an
interest in the adventure of running one between Edinburgh and London. The
fare of ^^26 sterling was a large sum considering the difference of value of money
in that and the present time, but we must take into consideration the great
expense of providing post horses for the different stages, and the time consumed
in the journey.


Spaine is now concluded, and that the Grandees inclyned to
have sent S*" Jo. Ch: a pleinpotentiary to the Zound, if he had
been at London. About 8 acloak I went up to my sister's, and
made me readie to go to Humbie being sent for, and then I
spok with Pat Murray, who warranded me to give doun 100
lib to the tennents of Deuchar and Kershope. I spok also to
M*" Ja. Calderwood, who told me Dalkeith bussiness was
delayed till Thursday cum 8 dayes in hopes of agreement with
the lady Weemes.

At 12 acloak W"^ Thomsone took me in, and spok with me
anent Jo. Edgar. I left with him to satisfy Sir Jo" Cheislie and
therafter acquaint me, and I should doe my best to aggree
him with Jo" Edgar, therafter I took my horse and went to
Humbie about 5 a cloak. I sat with the lady about ane houer
and told her all things I knew from her father, and of news ;
imediatlie I fell so exceedinglie sick as I was able to do nothing,
but go to my naked bed, wher I lay in great paine till 10 at
night, fearing death. The lady satt up all night weeping and
fearing my distemper to be lik that whereof her husband dyed.

This was a sad day at night, but els indifferent.

A drying day with some wind.

15, Wednesday, 8 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie being still unweall but much eased both of
my fever and paine yesternight, I found myself much bound to
blisse the Lord. I made ane accompt to the lady of that
bussiness concerning M"" Gedeon Penman to persew him by ane
reduction ; I looked on the inventar of the houshold stuffe and
mended some things that were to dear rated. Therafter the
lady and I fell into a debate concerning her going to the Bath,
seeing now she finds herself certainly free of child, only she
was puzzled what to doe with her child, which she thought she
wold never leav but unwillinglie. I told her that if she used not
some means now, it was lik she wold prove a ci*eple all her dayes,
and doubtless the more she trusted to God lie wold be the
more kynd and mercieful to her, howsoever we left it till the
lady Waristoun came out ; only I wrote a letter to the lady
Waristoun not to engadg any part of the coach, till she speak
with her daughter the lady Humbie.


We dyned together in Humbie, and therafter looked out
some papers in the study, and then came S'* Ja Durhame ^ and
visited the lady, I discoursed with them above ane hour and
so he went.

Toward night cam the lady Inglistoun, and she and the lady
and I discoursed anent the lady's condition, and so I went to
my chamber and retired myself till supper tyme, and found
myself a litle better nor I was.

This was a good day to my soule.

A fair, drying day.

16 June, Thursday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was readie I went to the Ladye's chamber, and
debated with her and the lady Inglistoun anent her journey to
the Bath. I refused to give her positive counsall in that
matter, but I thought she was called of God to use means for
recoverie of her health and I left so with her being very loath
to let me go, that upon her advertisement I should come to

About 11 acloak we dyned together, and did therafter eat
strawberryes, and so I parted and cam home thro' the moores,
by the way I did read upon a mirrie french book called
Reveile matin contre la melancholic. I cam home after 6 at
night, and by the way I spok to Jamie Robisone at Skirling to
have ane cair of my hors at the grasse ther.

After I cam home I found a letter from the lady Humbie
inviting me to come to Humbie which had miscaryed till now,
I found also a letter from W"^ Thomsone making me ane
accompt of Jo" Edgars bussiness at length ; I found my wife
and children in health, for which I blisse the Lord. I found
that M"" Ja. Kirkton had been at this hous upon Twysday all
night waiting for me, when he cam from Lanerick communion.

^ Sir James Durham of Pitkerro was an ardent Royalist, and Clerk of
Exchequer to Charles I. On 13th April 1649 he was deprived of his appoint-
ments, and his lands escheated. He suffered great hardship for his adherence
to the royal cause. He was married to a daughter of Hepburn of Humbie.
His fourth son James succeeded to him, who was minister first in Edinburgh,
and afterwards in the High Church of Glasgow. He was an eminent divine,
and author of various theological treatises, one of which, Durham on Scandal^
was a favourite of Mr. Hay's. — Douglas's Baronetage.


So after I had retired myself being very wearie, I supped and
went to dutie.

This was a tollerable good day to me.

A windie day with some raine.

17, Fryday^ 7 acloaJc. — This morning after I was readie I
went to Bigger and spok with M"^ Alex*" Levingstone and some
of the elders who desyred me to draw up ane dispositioun of
the toure in Bigger be James Broun to the Minister and
Sessioun for 400 mks. ; ^ also that we should supplicat my L.
Wigtoun for some old timber in the Boghall ^ to be a roofe to
the toure to be a schoole; M"^ Alex"^ told me that he had
heard some reports of mosse troupers but there's no certainty.

Therafter I went to the Boghall with W™ Crightoun and
saw only five jests and a peece of ane old fluiring which could
be usefuU for us ; then I cam home and dyned with my wiffe,
and in the afternoone I caused Hew Nisbit write, and I
dictated ane dispositioun of the said toure and putt in it a
pro"® of resegnat" and a precept of seasing.

I heard from London of a malicious paper in print and read
it, called the Characters of some Scotch grandees, etc. It is
against Waristoun, Argyle, Swyntoun, Co^ Lockert and David
Barclay, and is most bitter ; it is supposed to be composed by
Christop. Irving, Pat. Oliphant, Geo. Pittilloch, and one W°*
Miller. I saw another paper in write concerning the Reforma-
tion of all the Judicatories in Scotland. The Scots affairs are
committed to Waristoun, Vaine, S"^ Jo", Jo Desborow Lambert,
Galloway, etc. Therafter I retired at night.

This was a tollerable good day.

A drying day after morning raine.

* The towerhouse, and a half borrow land connected with it, belonged at one
time to Luke Tervat in Toftcombs. On the nth of July 1659 it was disponed
by James Brown, merchant, Biggar, to the Rev. Alexander Livingstone,
minister of Biggar, and Andrew Hay in Stone and others, then elders in the
parish of Biggar, and to their successors in office. The annual rent drawn was
/■12 Scots, and was expended in aid of the funds for support of the poor. It
was sold by the kirk-session in 1774. — Hunter's Biggar ^ p. 47.

'^ The Castle of Boghall was one of the largest and most imposing edifices in
the south of Scotland. It was the seat of the Wigtoun family, but it appears
that at the time the Diary was written to have fallen into a state of decay. So


18 June^ Saturnday^ 7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie I wrote a letter to my brother concerning my coming to
Haystoun on Monday, if God will. I wrote another letter to
M"" Arch. Porteous to go thither with me to see my brother's
daughter who is taken with the epilepsie. After I had
breakfasted, my aunt Katherin cam to me and shew me she was
in distresse. I gave her a dollar. She told me that the lady
Smythfield died upon Wednesday last and was buryed yester-
day, and that she had left all she had to her son W™, and so
she went away home.

About 12 acloak I dyned with my wiffe, who was very
unweel all this day. After denner I walked to the mosse and
found that the peats wer not yet dry. I caused bring home the
powny and stugged ^ him. Therafter I did read a litle on the
litle french book against melancholy becaus my spirit was sad.

Toward evening I retired myself to my weekly search, and
found that I had not walked this week suitable to the large
allowance the Lord gave me the last sabbath, for which I was
sory, yet I resolved in the Lord's strenth to amend it in time
to come, and so I went to prayer, wherin also the Lord was
good to me.

This day I find M*^ Sam Jonstoun is dead, and my band is
assigned unto his son Alex"".

At night I went to family dutie, and so to supper.

This day was prettie free of outward temptations.

A mixed day, wind and some raine.

19, The Lords Day, 7 a'cloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went to Bigger kirk, and heard M"^ Alex. Lev. lecture
on Exod. 33 ; cap hath 2 parts. Some means for reclaiming that
people and Moses familiar dealing with God. v. 1. obs. That
sinfuU practices provock the Almighty to be ashamed of a
people. 2° That the choise way of consolation in a sad tyme
is to act faith on the Cov*. v. 2. obs. That folk may find reall
demonstrations of divine pouer that have not his heart toward

much so as the woodwork is spoken of as old trash. It was renovated shortly
thereafter, and the date of the renovation, 1670, was placed on a stone on the
front wall. It was then occupied by Anna, Countess of Wigtoun.

^ The meaning of this word, as given by Jamieson, is to stab or pierce.
Here it seems to mean to tether to a pin stuck in the ground.


them. V. 3. That ther is much mercy in God's acquainting
sinners with this contraversie. v. 4. That its a relevant cause
of mourning to mourn for Gods anger, v. 7. that its a for-
runner of sad j udgm* when God threatens departure and folk
lay it not to heart many more. Obs^ on 2*^ pt of cap, etc.

He preached on Math. 4. 12. In the text 4 things. The
tyme when Christ preached first, the place wher, the reason of
it, and the preaching itself. 6 considerations for illustrating
of the time when he preached. 1*^ It was the happines of all
nations. 2° It was at the 30^*^ yeir of his age. 3^ It was
when Jo" was fast. 4^ Such as Jo'^ must not preach long. 5°
Jo"^ lot should not terrify others. 6^ Persecution maks Christ
appear and help. As for the place, 2 reasons of it. Eminent
men are never more undervalued nor in the place wher they
are borne, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on 2 Pet. 1. 8, etc., consisting of
many argts to presse grouth in grace and holines. v. 8. obs.
That the way to pleas God is to have thes graces abounding
in ws. 2*^ The more thes graces abound, the more shall we
abound in saving knowledg. t;. 11. That holines is the only
way to get ane open dore to heaven, v. 12. That folk that
even know their dutie are very ready to forget it under a
temptation, v. 14. That its a ready way for following dutie,

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 7 of 28)