Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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to intertein constant thots of death, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 4. 13. The 3*^ thing is the
reason of Chrisfs preaching ther, to fulfill a prophecie from
Isai. 9. 1 explained. Obs. that a people living w^out Christ
are in a sad state, and under the shaddow of death, 3 counsalls
how to intertein Christ as light. Considering what we wer
once hath 3 fruits. Christ differs from vther preachers, becaus
he hath the keyes of David, etc. After sermons, I cam hom
and retired, and so to familie dutie.

I found my spirit sad, but it was a toUerable day.

A cold windie day, and some raine.

20 June, Munday, 6 acloak. — This morning M' Ro* Broun
and M' Arch. Porteous cam to me bctymes. After I was readie
we took our breakfast together, and therafter we went away
to Haystoun to visite my brother's child subject to the epilepsie.


By the way we heard great reports of the rysing of the mosse
troupers, but no certaintie of it. I called at Hallyard and saw
the good wifFe of Hundlhope who told me that her husband
had been imprisoned thes 5 weeks in Peebles at Monnerhews
instance for SOOO mks.

We cam to Haystoun at noone, and dyned with my brother
and his wiffe. After denner M"" Arch. Porteous appointed
some things for the child and wold have gone, but my brother
being ernest, I moved him to stay, so we went to the feilds
together ; my brother shew me he had built a new dyke about
the Rye yard which cost him 200 mks. He told me the maner
of the lady Smeithfeilds death. That seing her sone S"* Jo"
so consumed with the french disease, immedeatlie death seased
on her and she took bed, and never arose againe, that she had
left her moveables the one half to her daughter and the other
half to her son W"\

My brother told me also he had been in Ed"^ and had
delivered to Mary 500 mks. and taken my discharge thereof
for my use, also my last terms anual rent extending to 225 mks.
and had gotten my discharges, both which I left with Mary.

I cam in with my brother, and so we went altogether to
supper, and therafter to bed.

This was but a raving day to me.

A very warme, faire day.

21, Twysday^ 4 acloak. — This morning being in Haystoun
after I was readie I went to breakfast with M*^ Ro* Broun and
M"^ Arch. Porteous, and then we took our horse and cam away
homward. My brother convoyed us to the Needpath, and so
left us. Therafter we cam to the Stane and took some re-
freshment. I went to Bigger to the sermon.

I heard M"^ Alex"* Levingstone on Jude 8. In the text 4
things : a comparison betwixt them and uthers, a description
of these, he speaks of ane enumeration of their faults, and a
reproofe to them. Obs. that tho all sines are not of one degree,
yet all sines are equally abhominable in Gods sight. Obs. 2,
that pernicious erroneous persons are but filthy dreamers
pleasing themselves in sinfull pleasures. Error is a dream, 3
wayes. 6 rules how to be free of thes dreames and mistakes


about our condition. Obs. last that error in judgme* brings
furth error in practise, etc. After sermon I went to the
sessioun where we ordered some discipline and concluded the
closing of the bargaine of the schoole with James Broun, and
I was appointed to draw a supplication to my L. Wigtoun for
the old timber in Boghall.

At 12 acloak M"" Alex"^ and M"" Rot. Broun and his wife
went all doune with me and dyned at the Stane, and stayed a
whyle in the afternoone. After they were gone I went to the
feilds, then I resaved a letter (being speaking with M"* Alex*"
anent John Callanders coming to Humbie) from S' Jo" Cheislie
and another from the Lady Humbie be her footman, both
desiring me to be in Ed"^ tomorrow, which I promised if the
Lord will, and so I went to dutie.

This was a tolerable day to me.

A prettie faire day.

22 June^ Wednesday, 6 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie I went to Ed'^ for meeting with the lady Waristoun
befor she go to London, by the way I called at Dolphin toun ^
and saw him and his wife and acquainted him that the lady
Humbie was going to the Bath, he said he wold readlie have
gone if he had more tyme to prepare himself.

I cam to Ed*^ about 3 acloak, and went to my sister's hous

^ William Brown of Dolphinton was one of the Committee of War for the
county in the years 1644, 1647, and 1649 (Act Pari. iv. 132, 279, 374). Among
the list of those who were in 1662 exempted from the General Act of Indemnity
until certain fines imposed on them should be paid, we find William Brown of
Dolphinton mulcted in ;i^i200 and his brother Andrew in ;^6oo {ibid. vii. 422).
Mr. Andrew Brown was nominated a Commissioner of Supply in 1685 ; and
the laird of Dolphinton filled the same office in 1690 (ibid. viii. 465 ; ix. 139).
In 1693 an Act was passed in favour of Mr. Andrew Brown of Dolphintoun for
two free fairs to be holden at the town of Dolphintoun in the parochine thereof,
the one thereof upon the last Wednesday of May yearly, to be called the new
Whitsunday fair, the other upon the eighth of October to be called .*

Fair with ane weekly market upon Tuesday with the privileges, immunities,
customs, casualties, and duties accustomed (ibid. ix. Ap. 93). When Hamilton
of Wishaw drew up his description of the county, circa 1720, Dr. Andrew
Brown, physician, the author of several works, both professional and political,
was the representative of the family. About the middle of the eighteenth cen-
tury this estate devolved upon an heir-female who, by her marriage, transferred
it to the ancestor of the present proprietor, John Ord Mackentie.
* Blank in the MS.


who told me she had resaved 720 mks. from my brother for me
and she wanted 5 merks. Therafter I went doun and saw the
lady Waristoun who told me that she had agreed with the
coachman for 26 lib. sterling and that they wer to go away on
Munday nixt. She told me also that her lord had written
home that ther are great fears of ane invasioun upon all the 3

Toward night S"^ Jo. Cheislie cam and then we conferred
together a long tyme anent my lord Waristouns condition,
being continued still all the moneth president of the Councel of
State. I spok with Pat Murray anent the tennents of Deuchar
who seemed to be satisfyed, albeit I could not get money to
him till neer Lambes. My sister told me her husband was
fyned in 35 lib. sterling for the Renish wyne he brought home.
So I cam doun and supped with the lady Waristoun and S"* Jo°,
and they moved me to stay ther all that night, therfor I
retired myself and so I went to bed.

This was but a raving day.

A windie, ranie day.

23, Thursday, 7 aclodk. — This morning being in Ed*", after
I was readie I made some enquirie about money for the lady
Humbies journey bot could find none. I resaved a letter from
her shewing me that she had resaved 2000 mks. from M** Ja.
Kirktoun, and that he desyred a cautioner, and entreating me
to speak with M"" Brand to be cautioner for her, but I thought
it not expedient least she should get a refusal, for he was
craving his accompt of funeralls ^ from her in the tyme.

I was with the lady Wariston and S'^ Jo*^ closse all this for-
noone consulting about the lady's affairs, both in the familie
and in their office. The familie is committed to the lady
Redhall, and the managing of their office to the severall clerks,
and so I left them, and went to denner. After denner M'^ W™
Cheislie lent the lady 4000 mks. and I lent him 40 lib. to mak
it out, which he promised to repay me againe. About 4 acloak
at night I went to my horse and went out to Humbie ; I cam
ther about 7 ho'"^ and conferred with the lady a long tyme

^ The funeral expenses of her late husband which had been disbursed by Mr.
Brand and remained unpaid.


anent her journey to the Bath and the disposing of her estate
and her child. We resolved to let her daughter stay in Humbie,
and that her cusigne M""^ Gray ^ should wait upon her. Ther-
after I wrote P" to all the freinds and she subscryved them to
meet att Humbie upon Saturnday for ordering her affairs.
And after supper I retired myself and then went to bed.

This was a tolerable good day.

A prettie faire day, and warme.

24 June, Fryday, 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie,
after I was readie, the Lady and I went to the studie, and I
drew ane memorandum of all things to be proposed to the
freinds in order to the journey, and tho* it fittest to let them
move things, and we either to concurre or not, according as we
found expedient ; the lady told me she had a mynd to mak her
testament, and desyred my help in it, but I told her that I
wold not medle in that bussiness least if the lord should call
her, I might be judged to be too officious to medle in that
which was betuixt her and her neerest relations.

About noone we dyned, and M' Jo" Stirling with us, who
desyred ernestly that the lady Waristoun might come be
Bothens ^ and see my Lady Tweddale, wherof I promised to
advertise her.

In the afternoons I did help the Lady to putt all her things
in order for her journey, and caused her send in all her silver
work and most considerable papers to Ed"", and becaus she had
no gold, that she should tak one of her best rings with her to
Ingland in case of a strait. About 4 acloak I went out and
helpit to adjust the garden for building the wall of it. Then
cam M*" Jo" Drummond, and he and I walked a long time in
the garden, and then went in and spok a whyle with the Lady.

About 9 we went to supper, and in the midst of it cam Sir
Jo" Cheslie and told us the lady wold be heer on Munday ; so
after supper we retired and I went to bed and lay with S. Jo".

This was a tollerable good day.

A tollerable fair day.

^ Mrs. Gray was a cousin of Lady Humbie, and was intrusted with the charge
of her house and child when she went to Bath.
- Bothens, now Abbey St. Bathans, a seat at that time of Lord Twceddalc.


25, Saturnday^ 6-7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie,
after I was readie I mett with the Lady and S"^ Jo. Cheislie, and
we debated severall bussinesses relating to her, which was ex-
pedient to be proposed to freinds and what not. After break-
fast all the freinds being met, we went thro severall points of
her affairs, and concluded 1^ That the child should stay at
Humbie under the care of M""^ Gray, and in case of sickness or
trouble in the countrey be removed to Inglestoun. 2° that the
testa* be confirmed, and the lady to find a cautioner, and recom-
mend it to Keith to mend some things in the inventary. 3° we
payed M'^ Jo^ Drummond for David's annuity till Mertimes
nixt by assigning him to Whittinghames band of 4600 mks.
4° we aggreed that Michael Melin should provyd money for
the lady. 5^ we consented to a warrand to Alexander Borth-
wick to pay for building the garden wall and uther dykes, etc.

In the afternoone after we had dyned altogether, they went
away, and I caused the lady send in one thousand merks to
Ed"^ to be returned by bill to London to her, and I promised
to be surtie for the 2000 mks. to M*" Kirtoun. In the evening
I retired myself and went to the feilds, and fell upon my
weekelie search, wherein I find too much tumbling up and doun,
which brings in but very little honour to God. I find my vow
of faithfulness and frequencie in duty not conscionable aneugh
performed, for which the Lord pardon me for Christ's sake.
Afterward I cam in to the exercise and then to supper, and so
retired, and to bed.

This was a tollerable day, I blisse God.

A fair day, but not very warme.

26 June, The Lords Day, 7 dcloak. — This morning being in
Humbie after I was readie and had ended familie dutie, I went
to the church and heard M"^ Ja. Calderwood lecture on Math.
25. 14, etc. In the parable 3 things, the Lord's departure, the
improvement of the talents, and the accompt they mak. Obs. 1,
That every man has his talent wherein he may be serviceable
to God. 2^ That the Lord gives not gifts alik, nor in like
measure unto all. 3** That we must not envy these to whom
the Lord givs large measur of gifts. 4^ That God doth not
exact more of his people nor they are able. 5° From him that


had one talent, Obs. that idlenes is a very fearfull sin. From
the accomp* given, obs. That such as improve the weak gifts
God gives them, shall not want their reward. 2° that the
judiciall processe in the great day, will run manely on works.
3^ That men are condemned for not doing of good, etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 5. 6. 2. By righteousnes
is meant Christ's imputed righteousnes. In the text 3 the
frame of the godlie, their blisednes, and the confirmaon of it
OBS. 1, That the righteousnes of Jesus Christ is a very desirable
thing. What this righteousnes is ; the desirablenes of it in 6
considerations. 3 considera*ns anent the sin of leaning to our
oune righteousnes and neglecting Christ's. Obs. 2, that its the
frame and disposi^n even of the meanest of Gods people to
desire earnestly Christ's righteousnes ; 2 considera'^ns anent the
workings of the soule. Obs. 3, That such as hunger after
righteousnes are blissed, etc.

In the afternoone he preached on 2*^ comand, Exod. 20. 4.
In the text is a prohibition and a comination, backed with 2
argts. one taken from Gods justice, another from his mercie.
Something bidden, and something forbidden in this comand ;
ther is a totall, and a partial neglect of worship. We ought
to regard the maner as weell as the matter of worship. Obs.
that wicked idolatrous parents are worst of all uthers unto
their children. 2° that to be godly and worship God is the
best way to doe good unto your children. 3° that loving of
God and keeping his comands are twines and inseparable, etc.

After sermones I cam home to Humbie, and retired myself
in secret, and therafter we went to familie exercise.

I found this a favourable day to my soule, and the Lord
gave me good allowance in dutie, blissed be he.

A very seasonable raine all day.

27, Munday^ 6 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie
after I was readie I went with the lady and resaved from her
all her keyes which she entrusted to me as to a freind. She
told me that she had left her testam* in her litle cedar box
which she desyred should not be opened till she returne or els
be removed by death. At breakfast cam up the laird of Keith
and the lady, and took leave of the lady Humby, and seemed

64 ANDREW HAY'S DIARY [27 june

to be somewhat displeased, becaus of the ladys respects to me.
Therafter came the laird and lady Ingleston, and brought a
1*"® of excuse from the Lady Waristoun that she could not
come this way, and desyred me to write a l"" to the lady Twed-
dale to excuse her, which I did.

We dyned altogether in Humbie, and after denner I did
read the news from London, that Waristoun was still President,
and still more rumors of the invasion of this Hand from France
and Spaine. About 4 acloak my brother cam to Humbie, and
therafter we went all from thence ; The lady Humbie to New-
mylns, and S' Jon. and I to Haddingtoun, and not finding the
lady Waristoun there but that she was gone to Bothens, we
wer desyred to go ther all night, and when I parted with
my brother, he desyred me to speak to the lady Waristoun
in his behalf.

At 8 acloak we cam to Bothens and ther resaved P®^ againe
from London, and a pece written be Pittilioch for opening the
Session. After supper I went to bed, being made very welcome.

This was but a raving day.

Much raine fell this day.

28 June^ Twysday^ 4 acloak. — This morning being in
Bothens, after I was readie I took a drink, and left all the
strangers in bed, and went down to the Newmylns to meet and
convoy the young lady Humbie to Dumbar wher all the com-
pany had trysted at 10 hours, but she was gone betymes,
and so I rode very hard, and over took her within a myle of
Dumbar, wher we cam at 8 a'cloak.

After I cam ther, the lady and her maid and I met privatlie,
wher the Lord allowed me very much comfort and tenderness
in prayer, and therafter she recommended ernestly to me the
care of her daughter and all her affairs. Then we did break-
fast altogether there; about 11 acloak cam M*"^ Gilespie and
about 12 acloak cam the lady Waristoun from Bothens, and
being all mett, they spok a litle together, and therafter I took
leave of them all, and putt them into the coach, and convoyed
them a litle beyond Dumbar, and so returned with S. Jo.
Cheislie and Inglestoun and his lady to Haddingtoun, and by
the way saw the old lady Humby. After we had stayed there


2 houres we took horse againe, and Sir Jo. cam along with me
at my desyre to Humbie all night, wher we saw the child in
good health. I went and visited the keyes and papers the lady
had entrusted to me, and did remove the chartar kist to the
wardrob according to her direction.

About 9 at night we went to family duty and so to supper
and therafter to bed. S"" Jo" and I lay together as formerlie.

This was a good day to my soule I thought.

Warme and fair till night, then raine.

29, Wednesday^ 7 acloak. — This morning being in Humbie,
after I was readie I spok to John Skirving to have a cair of all
things about the hous, and to Christian Lawsone to cair for all
things within the hous, and to M""^ Gray to have a cair of the
child, and I recommended all unto the Lord, being called
therunto becaus the lady had made a factory to me and trusted
me with all she had.

After we had breakfast ther, I took my leave, and desyred
M" Gray to send a footman imediatlie to me upon any altera-
tion of the child, which she promised to do, therafter Sir Jo.
Cheislie and I went straight to Dalkeith to see the Gen^^^ We
cam ther about 12 acloak, and dyned in the toune.

After denner we went in and saw the Gen", wher I observed a
strange providence. I had a pistoll in my pockett, and when
the corporall was ryping me at the gate he had it in his hand,
and yet observed it not, so I escaped without any trouble,
blissed be God, which should teach me to be more warrie in
tyme coming.

We stayed with the Gen" all the afternoone and had many
discourses with him, he neither feared foraigne invasion from
French nor Spanish, nor any trouble of mos troupers, becaus he
said he had assured all the Highlands. We told him if need
wer, we would ask libeiiie to cary armes, which he promised.

At 8 acloak at night we took our horse, and cam into Ed'.
My lord Cocheran ^ being with us, and I had a great colick. I
lay at my sister's hous.

' General Monck.

'^ Sir William Cochrane of Cowden, knight, a distinguished Royalist, created
in December 1647 Lord Cochrane of Ochiltree ; and in May 1669 Earl of




This was a tollerable good day to me.
Fair before, and very foule afternoone.

30 June, Thursday, 6-7 acloak. — This morning being in
Ed'', after I was readie I went and dehvered a band to the
lady Jerviswood ^ of 2000 mks. granted be the lady Humbie
principal 1, and myself at her desyre cautioner, to Mr Ja^
Kirktoun and his wiffe. Therafter I resaved from my sister
407 lib., which she gott from my brother for me. I putt 400
lib. in the lady Humbies trunk, together with some papers of

At 11 acloak I mett with W"^ Thomsone and Jo" Edgar,
and at lenth I aggreed them for paying to W"^ Thomsone
10000 merks, and he to discharge all his right of apprysing to
Jo" Edgar's hous, and so I dyned in Ja^ Tarbits hous, and
therafter wrote a letter to the lady Humbie. Afterward I
went up and visited the lady Humbies trunk in her father's
hous, and then went doun and saw my lord Brodie ^ and took
leav of him, and at 5 acloak I took horse and galloped home

When I cam home I found a letter from Mr Ro* Hay to me,
anent ane accompt of duke Hamiltons bussiness, which I resolve
to ans', and speak to my brother to forbear pressing 200
mks. which he is owing to my lord Errol.

I found M"^ Ro* Broun at our hous, who had been ingadging
some brethern to help him at his communion, which is to be
upon sabbath come ane fortnight, and I found my wifFe and
children in good health, for which I blisse the Lord. So, after
we had supped, I went about dutie in the familie, and so we
parted, and went to bed.

This was a confused but successfull day.

A very seasonable, faire day.

^ A sister of Lady Humbie.

2 David Brodie of Brodie was appointed a Lord of Session on 22nd June 1649.
He afterwards declined to act under Cromwell, but after his death took his seat
on the Bench on 3rd December 1658. At the Restoration he was fined ;^48oo
Scots and deprived of office. He died in 1679. He was the writer of Brodie's
^/ary, published in 1740.


1 July, Fryday, 7-8 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, M"" Alex*" Levingstoun and M"" Thomas Laurie cam doun
and visited me. I told them all the neus ; that the peace of
Spaine and France was lik to have had influences apon this
iland, and that the quarrell was lik to tume papist and pro-
testant ; that the Protector was fled from the hazard of arrest-
ment of merchantts for mournings for his father's funerals.
Andrew Steinsone told me also that ther wer 2 bales of papist
books directed to him as if they had been paper, and that many
such had been vented within thes few yers.

About 10 a'cloak, M"" Ro* Broun and M"" Tho. Laurie and I
went up to Bigger, and becaus it was the fair day I wold not
stay, but mett with M"* Jo" Rae,^ and imediatlie cam doun
againe. And therafter I sent to Helen Broun a doller, and to
David Thorburne 4 lib. and so my wiffe and I dyned together
with M' Jo" Rae and his wiffe at our hous.

In the afternoone I found myself exceeding lasie and unfitt
for any service or work, and so I went to the feilds and had my
oune thoughts of my bussinesse, and foimd that I had much
reason to wrestle with God in behalf of the trust he hath put
over upon me in reference to the lady Humbie and her
daughter, and to remember them at every tyme I bow my
knee to the Lord.

Toward night I did read awhyle on Spencer''s new and old
things, and so went to familie dutie, resolving to go to
Kilbocho sermons tomorrow if the Lord will, and so I went to

This was but an ill day to my soule„

A faire warme day.

2, Saiurnday^ 1 acloak, — This morning after I was readie I

^ Mr. John Rae, son of William Rae, burgess of Edinburgh, was minister at
Symontoun, in the Presbytery of Biggar. He was deprived in 1662. He was
apprehended in 1670 for preaching and baptizing in houses, and sent in to
Edinburgh. On 3rd March he was ordered to be carried from the Tolbooth in
the Canongate to Stirling Castle. On i8th July 1672 the Council ordered him to
be carried from Stirling Castle to be imprisoned in Dumbarton Castle. His name
is included in the Decree against outed ministers, 1674. He was sent to the Bass
for preaching at field conventicles on 15th September 1684. Wodrow describes
him as ' a zealous, successful Gospel minister.' — Wodrow, and Scott's /ox/i.


took my breakfast, and therafter I went on foot to Kilbocho
kirk, and heard the preparation sermons. I heard M*^ Antonie
Murray preach on Prov. 27. 7. In the text three things: a
description of Christ, a division of all hearers of the gospel,
some are hungrie and some full, and the carrage of both thes.
Obs. 1, that Christ and his ordinances are sweeter nor the honey
and honey comb. 6 things sweet in Christ. 4 marks of one
to whom Christ is sweet. 4 Reasons why Christ is unsavoury
to many. 4 Means to get Christ sweet. Obs. S, that though
Christ be sweet, yet the most part of folk have no roume for
him. 6 things wherof most part of folk are full. In 5 respects
they are said to be full. The danger of being full in 4. 4
things to be done, and 7 things to be filled with, etc.

Therafter I heard M"^ Jo" Craufurd preach on Luc. 4. 18, in
the text 4 things. A comission to Christ, his furniture, the
qualifications of the persons to whom he is sent, and his fathers
instructions to him. Obs. 1, that the lot of Gods people here
await to be broken hearted. 5 Reasons of it. Obs. 2, that
the weel furnished Mediator Christ hes a speciall comission to
broken-hearted ones. 6 Reasons of it. 6 means to win to
broken-heartednes. 5 Considerations to mak use of Christ for
healing. 5 properties of Christ. 6 sorts of persones whom
Christ will heall, and 6 whom he will not heall. 4 marks of
one healed, etc.

Lastly, I heard M^ Alex'^ Lewingstoun preach on Ps. 147. 3.

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 8 of 28)