Andrew Hay.

The diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; online

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Obs. 1, that its the christian great work to rase Christ in all
his actings. Obs. 2, that christians are subject to woundings of
spirit. 4 expressions of a broken spirit in scripture. 4 Cases
wher unto this is incident. Obs. 3, that breaking of heart
puts soules in a capacity to be healed by Christ. 4 things
incapacitates for healing. Obs. 4, that when ever christians
are thus wounded, non can heall but Christ alone. 5 demon-
strations of his skill, etc.

After sermons I cam home on foote, and being bote chainged
all. Therafter I retired myself to my weeklie search, and found
I had not walked orderlie this week, tho God had been very
kind to me, the Lord pardon me that I found this.

A toUerable good day to my soule, and so closed the week.

A very warme seasonable day.


3, The LorcTs day, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie
and had done family dutie, I went to Bigger kirk and heard
M*^ Alex"" Lev: lecture on Exod. 35. In the cap 3 pts : Moses
comission delivered, the people's obedience, and the fitting of

2 men for the work. v. 1. Obs. That its a desirable thing to
be clear of Gods comand in any dutie. v. % That God taks
notice what labours folk doe on his oune day. v. 4. That none
are excluded from doing the service of the tabernacle, v. 5.
That in the Church there is diversitie of gifts and stations.
V. 20. That amongst all duties non is accepted of God but
what is offered willingly, v. 30. That when God hes to doe
he wants not men, etc. Therafter he preached on Math. 4. 17.

3 things understood by the kingdom of heaven. Obs. That
you cannot be in a capacitie of communion with God till once
you have repented and been humbled. Obs. 2, That the
repenting soul hath a noble to-look,^ even a kingdom. How
very rare it is to joine sufferings with a joy full outgate, and
how usuall with the Lord to join a comand and a promise
together, etc. Afternoone, he lectured on 2 Peter 3. 1-19 ; in
cap 2 pts, a wairning given of fals teachers, and what use we
should mak of it. v. 1. Obs. That they never knew themselvs
weell, that saw not themselvs weak. v. 2. That humility is
a most desirable grace. The profane in the last dayes described
in 4. V. 4. That its a mark of a scomer when one refuseth to
be taught, v. 10. ITiat the Lord shall come very unexpectedly ;
wherin that sin must needs be infectious, seeing nothing can
purge it but fire, etc. He preached Afternoone on Math. 4.
17, 18. Why it is called a kingdome. 5 considerations about
the promises of this kingdome. 1° Its certane. 2° We have
interest in it. 3° By nature we are strangers. 4** Its Christ
must secure ws in it. 5^* All things work together for it.
V. 18. Obs. That its good to be about a laufull calling, and it
marrs not ws from our effectuall calling. Obs. 2, That ther is
a secret pouer in Christs word, when he speaks to the conscience
there must be obedience. This point amplyfied by several
examples from scripture, etc.

» A prospect, matter of expectation ; as a/«ir to-look^ an ill prospect %.% to the

future. — Jamicson's Dictionary,


After sermons I cam home and retired myself, and after
secret prayer did read a sermon on death be M. And. Gray,
and then went to the familie exercise.

I found this a prettie comfortable day, especiallie at night.

A prettie warme day.

4 July^ Munday^ 5-6 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I went on horsback with my wifFe to Kilbocho Kirk,
and heard the thanksgiving sermons ther after the communion,
viz. M"^ W"^ Somervel on Luc. 12. 32. Obs. That tho this
be the lot of the heirs of salvation to be under many tempta-
tions, yet in the gospell ther are sufficient antidotes, so as they
need not fear. 3 ans"*^ to that case why the people of God are
so faint and heartless. 3 reasons why we improve not gospell
incouragm*^ 3 wayes how to reconcile Gods promises and
his providences. Obs. 2, that such as hav interest in Christ,
have no lesse prise befor them nor the kingdom of God, etc.

Nixt I heard M"^ Jo" Greg preach on Rev. 2. 28. In the
text 4 things : the party promises, the partie to whom, the
promise itself, and the certaintie of it. Obs. that our Lord
Christ hes promised himself under the name of a starre to be
freelie given in the end to all overcomers. In 3 respects Christ
is called a morning starr. 7 things imported in this promise.
5 Reasons of the point. 4 marks of tryel if this promise be
oures. 3 Counsalls, etc.

Lastlie, I heard M'' Alex"^ Lev: on Ps. 31. 19. In the text 2.
the excellence of the believer's portion, and the qualification of
thes for whom it is layed up. Obs. 1, that much of the chris-
tians exercise lyes in meditating on that great forlook the
saints have in glorie. 5 Considerations for clearing this. Obs.
2, that the excellence of the saints to-look is so wonderfull,
that it is beyond all expression. 5 considei*^"^ suiting at the
great things layed up. 6 Medita"^ shewing what it is that
mak all these things so great. 3 objections answered, etc.
After sermons I dyned with the ministers in M"" Alex"^ Bertram's
hous, and therafter I went to a Committee at Broughtoun with
M' Alex'" Lev: wher the heritors did not keep tryst, and so we
did nothing anent the ministers fewall and grasses. Therafter
I cam to Skirling and ther met my wiffe and so we came home


together. At night I retired myself and went to my book a
whyle, and so to dutie.

This was no ill day, I blisse the Lord,

A very hote day.

5, Twysday, 7 aclodk, — This morning after I was readie,
Magie Fisher cam doun to see me, and stayed with me ane
houer. I found she, tho' a good woman, somwhat uncharitable
in her expressions of severall folks. Therafter I did breakfast,
and then went to Bigger kirk and heard M^ John Rae preach
on Can. 5. 6. In the text 3 things : the brides carriage, the
consequence of it, and her further essay. Obs. 1, that wher
Christ's spirit works effectually, the heart is made plyable.
Obs. 2, that tho' a believer may keep Christ long at the door,
yet at last he must be let in. 4 motives to let him in. Obs.
3, that its casable for the believer to be under the withdrawings
of Jesus Christ. 5 things provok him to withdraw. 3 things to
doe when he is withdrawen. Obs. 4, that Christ somtymes
withdrawes from them that hav ther hearts someway prepared.
4 Reasons. Obs. 5, that wher the heart is somway prepared,
then his withdrawing is best marked, etc.

After sermon I went to session, and did some things. Marion
Broun being called, compeired not. We did commissionat our
minister to go to Comernauld to petition my lord for the
old trash in BoghalP to mend the schoole hous.

Therafter I cam home and dyned ; after denner M"" Jo" Greg
cam doun and stayed a whyle with me, and then I went to the
feilds and saw our folks leading our peatis, and so cam in
againe, and retired myself the rest of the aftemoone. At night
Jo" Penman in Skirling cam to me, and desyred the half of the
benefit of tlie west yaird of Skirling, which I granted betuixt him
and his nighbour. Therafter I acquainted Jo" Calander what
I had done for him with the lady Humbie, and so I went to

This was a tollerable good day.

A hote day with some clouds of raine.

1 This was the old timber of the house of Boghall, which the heritors wished
to get a grant of from the Earl of Wigtoun for the repair of the tower bought for
a schoolhouse.


6 Jidy^ Wednesday^ 6 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, being rainie I stayed till 9 acloak at home, and then,
according to appointment I took my hors, and went to Lyne
kirk to a Committee of the Synod with M"^ Douglas,^ M"" Kerr, M**
Smyth and some uthers, and after perambulation of the bounds
we concluded the samyne could not be a distinct parish in itself,
but that the manse and gleb and kirk and stipend ought heer-
after to be settled at Henderland in Megat. They appointed
me to draw the report.

After we had done with our business we went altogether to
the Ministers wiffe her hous and ther took a drink, therafter
they being invited to dyne at Stobo, I left them and took my
hors homward, by the way I called at Kirkurd, but he was not
at home, then I called at Skirling and so came home. This
day I was warned to keep the Committee at Linton the 26**^
day of this moneth anent the transportation of M*" Ro^ Broun
to Henderland, which I promised in the Lords strenth. After
I was come home my brother^ lighted at our hous, being com
to mak a visite ; so he and I talked together of many bussi-
nesses, among the rest I perceived him very ernest to be in some
employment, especially if this Committee to settle Scots affairs
shall com doun to Scotland, and for that cause he desirs to
intertein freindship with Waristoun and S Jo". Toward night
we supped, but he wold not supply dutie in the familie. I
stayed up with him till 1 acloak.

This was a tollerable good day.

Foule in the morning, and faire afternoone.

7, Thursday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie my
brother and I walked a whyle in the mosse ; and so cam out
againe and went to breakfast. Therafter we went up to
Bigger to the Presbfie ; I went in to the exercise and heard
M' Jo'^ Craufurd on Acts 5. 17. In the words 4 things, the
authors of this persecution, the tyme, their deeds, and the

^ Mr. Robert Douglas who preached the sermon at the coronation of King
Charles li. at Scone.
'■^ Mr. John Hay.


impulsive cause; what the sadducees wer. The word sect
explained. Ther deeds wer three, They arose, layed hands, and
imprisoned, each of thes words exponedand the divers significa-
tions of them given ; the divers acceptations of indignatioun
etc. M"* Jo" Rae added obs. that somtyme even preachers have
their corruption stirred by undenyable demonstratiouns of
Gods pouer, 9P that the men of greatest stations are most
ordinarie stumblers at the preachers of Christ, and 6 more
observations. Lastly, that its the lot of the followers of Jesus
to be put to very sad things, etc.

After the exercise I went into the Presbrie, and ther we
appointed Marion Broun to be summoned to the Session of
Bigger pro 2^^^ and report ; we debated whether to hear a young
man's homilie, and delayed it till the nixt day, having layed it
on himself ; I was appointed to conferre with Ja. Robisone in
Skirling. After the Presbrie M*" Ro* Broun and I came doun
to our hous to my brother and dyned with him, and after
denner my brother went away to Kerswall and took me with
him; be the way he desyred me to come to Haystoun on
Tuysday come eight days and he should then tryst the tennents
of Deuchar ther.

We found not the laird at Kerswall, being at Agnes Somer-
vell's marriage, so we stayed ane houer with the lady, and cam
away to Quodquan wher we supped and stayed all night, my
sister being gone to Ed'.

This was but a confused day.

A prettie faire day with some wind.

8 July, Fryday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in Quodq",
after I was readie, M"" Arch. Porteous cam and told me he had
prepaired some things for my brother's daughter. My brother
and M"^ Ro* and I walked up to the top of Quodq" Law, and
lay ther ane houer waiting for S** Jo" Cheislie. Therafter we
went in and took our breakfast; wher I observed that my
brother could not be convinced it was allowed to any privat
Christian to pray in any place wher a minister is present, tho'
I gave him some scriptures for it. About 11 acloak S*" Jo"
Cheislie cam, and so we went altogether to Symontoun, that I
might remove some differences l>etuixt the tennents and S'


John's kirk,^ and S^ Jo" told me he had gotten P^^ shewing
that Waristoun and S^ Henry Vaine wer chosen to go Am-
bassadors to Holland, but that he had refused to go.

About 2 acloak I took leav of my brother, and so I went to
the hill with S'^ Jo" and S* Jo"^ kirk, and whylst I was en-
deavouring to setle them in a trouff gate^ S* Jo"^ kirk wold not
aggree, albeit was conforme to the decreet arbitrall and went
away unsatisfyed. I told him that I wold setle the marches
of the gate according to the decreet and my commissioun, he
desyred me to delay till Tuysday that he spok to me at Bigger,
which I promised to do.

Therafter I cam into Symonton and spok with some Pebles
men that wer come to buy meall from S*" Jo" at 7 li. 10 sh. p.
boll, then I did eat a litle at M"^ Jo" Rae his hous, and being
unweel I took my hors and went home, wher I found by the
way M"^ Alex"" was lyen doun. So I cam home and went to
dutie and so to bed.

This was but a troublesome day to me.

A faire seasonable day.

9, Saturnday, 7 acloak. — This morning after I was readie I
went to Bigger and spok with M^ Alex"*, who told me that the
Earle of Wigtoune had taken our supplication weel, and pro-
mised to give commissioun to his sone to give us thes materialls
in Boghall that could be spared, and that he was weel pleased
with our bargaine for the schoole of Bigger.

Ro* Clark offered me a stone cheese for the good I had done
to him but I made him tak it away againe, becaus I resolved
never to tak any such blocks.^ I spok with Jas. Crightoun * and
took the depositions from him that wer takin at Simyntoun

^ George Baillie, of St. John's Kirk, in Lanarkshire, a cadet of the ancient
family of Lamington. His son was the famous Robert Baillie, who purchased
the estate of Jerviswood and married a sister of Lady Humbie, and who suffered
much in the Covenanting cause, and was ultimately executed in 1684 for alleged
rebellion. One of St. John's Kirk's daughters was married to the Rev. James
Kirkton and another to Mr. Ker of Graden. Both Mr. Kirkton and Mr. Ker
are frequently referred to in the Diary.

' A turf road or right of way for carrying turfs from the common.

^ Bargains or agreements.

* James Crichton seems to have been a Notary Public in Biggar.


that so I micrht be clear to determine that difference betuixt
Sir J^^ Chieslie and S^ Jo"^ kirk, and so I cam doun and dyned
with my wife and Jo" Haldoun. I delivered to him for Dolphin-
toun's use 8 peeces of these yron rods for boring for coals.

After denner I went to Skirling and found the yards som-
what eaten and the fruit therof stollen. Therafter I went
doune to the meadow and my sone with me and so in the
afternoon toward I cam hom againe and read by the way a
paper of 10 queres written by Jo" Primme concerning tyths
being the present great question that is in debate in the Parlia*
of Ingland. I saw also l^^^ from Jamaica shewing that they had
got a prey worth 300,000 lib ster^ off the mane land of Mexico.

Toward night I retired myself to my weeklie search and was
very unsatisfied with my cariage, being for the most part
raving and doing litle or no service to God therin and litle
edeficatioun to my oune soule. I was also convinced that I
walked not closse by aneugh in order to my vowes especially in
diligence about my dutie ; the Lord pardon and help me to
amend it for Christ's sake.

This was a tollerable day but somwhat idle.

A faire louring day.

10 Jul?/, The Lords day, 7-8 a" cloak. — This morning after I
was ready and had done family duty I went to Bigger kirk and
heard M' Alex"^ Lev. lecture on Exod. 36. Cap. hath 3 parts,
1° The workmen and people go about their work, 2^ The
peoples bountie, 3° The particulars of the tabernacle, v. 1. obs.
That God despiseth no imploym* that is done in sinceritie.
2° That God will not want workmen when he hes to do. t'. 5.
That its rare when riches may be easilie atteined, are not much
desired. 3 reasons why the peoples liberalitie neer is regrat to
commend, 1° the workmen, 9P The people, and 3° Moses.
V. 8. 0«s. that if he observes legall points so precislie, how
much more gospell worship, etc.

He preaclied on Math. 4. 19, the text hath 2 parts. The
Apostles calling, and their obedience therunto. Ohs. ITiat
Christ hes absolut authoritie to put in and put out at his
pleasur, and non may controU him. 7 considerans. aneiit this
point. 1° that he chooseth mean men, 2" he furnisheth them


easilie, S^ he wins them by wyles, 4" his externall providence,
all actings are sutable, 5*^ he times his offers oportunely, 6^ his
words ingadge the heart presently, 7° he removs all impediments
out of the way, etc.

Afternoone he lectured on 1 John i. Cap. hath 2 parts, the
commendation of his message, and some marks of our interest.
V. 1. OBS. that its good to have high thoughts of Christ as
being eternall. v. 2. that its much to get a soule once
acquaint w* Christ kepped from praising him. v. 3. that
there is intimat fellowship allowed to Christs freinds. v. 6.
1 mark of interest if we walk not in darknes. 4 marks more of
our interest in the 7, 8, 9, and 10 ves. of the cap. etc.

Therafter he preached on Math. 4. 22. obs. that wherever
this pouer and lively virtue of Christs word is made efficacious
in the conscience there is no withstanding it; 3 considera"^
to clear it, 3 marks of having a call to a dutie. v. 22. obs.
that q* imploym* our Lord was about, he was very diligent,
2^ that how little folk esteem the gospell, yet it is the gospell
of the kingdome, etc.

After sermons I cam home and went to dutie secret and
familie, and found my spirit confused this day.

A louring day w* some raine.

11, Munday^ 5 acloak. — This morning after I was readie
Ja^ Crightoun cam doune to me and shew me that S* Jo"^ kirk
had desired that instrument taken on Tinto by S. J. Chiesly,
and so remembered the words wer spoken, and engrossed them
in the instrument, both that S* Jo"^ kirk was content with the
pitstones and that he was content to give either the east or
west syd of his feld for a cartgate out of the Hopes.

After I had taken my breakfast I went to Bigger to a
meeting with the Elders and Magistrats and toun anent buying
J* Broune's touer, to be a schoole. We dealt ernestly the toun
wold concurre with us, and tak a part of the hous to be a
tolbuith and a court hous, but upon no terms wold they meddle
with us, especially the 2 Bailies are exceedingly obstinat and
unwilling to any pious work ; So after much reasoning and no
prevailing, the Session went by themselves, and the Minister and
I and 5 other elders gave a band of 400 mks. to J* Broun for liis


touer payable at Mertimesse. Ther is a claus of releiffe pro
rata in the band, and so Ja. Broun subscryved the disposition
and gave it, and we gave him the band. So we went in and
took a drink at the Ministers hous.

Therafter we went to that touer, and did give seasing therof
to M"^ Alex*" Lev: in name of the Session of Bigger, and so I
left them and cam home. I resaved a letter from Sir J. Chieslie
shewing me that Cardinal Mazarine had written to the Pari***
that the French wer content to have peece, and so wer the
Spaniards if they could be assured it wold be observed.

Toward night I went to dutie and so to supper.

This was but a raving day to my spirit.

A prettie fair, warme day.

12 July, Twysday, 6-7 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I walked about the feilds, and then went to breakfast.
Therafter I went to Bigger kirk and heard Mr Alex. Levingston
preach on Jude 9. 4 Aggravations in this offence of these
filthie dreamers. The scripture cleared whence this place is
cited, anent Michael his contending with Satan. This scripture
is reallie, and not figuratively to be understood. Who is meant
here by Michael the Archangell ? Why Satan contended so
ernestly for the bodie of Moses. Obs. that as pride is a
loathsome ill in every persone, so it is eminently so in mean
persones. 2 Reasons of it. Obs. 2, that God the Lord wants
not instruments to imploy when he has to doe, etc.

After sermon I went into the Sessioun, wher we called
Marion Broun, who refused to ans', except M"" Ro*^ Broun and
M"* Pat Andersone be present. We made ane act for collecting
a contribution for the schoole hous, and obleidging the Sessioun
out of the box to releive the persones bound m the band to
Ja. Broun, in what sail rest over and above the contributions. ,
After the Sessioun, and according to the Presbries appointment,
M*^ Alex., M*" Jo" Greg and I conferred with Ja. Robisone in
Skirling, but could not bring him to confesse his fault, yet
aftenvards when I was with him alon, the Loixl helped me to
speak to him, so as he confessed it, and besought me to retunie
with him to M*" Alex"" that he might confesse it bcfoixi him,
which he did.


Therafter I went home, and in the afternoone I resaved ane
letter from Humbie shewing me the child was weel, for which
I blisse the Lord heartilie, for I had my man yesterday morning
expresslie to know how she was, together with a letter to the
lady Humbie, and he returned this night, so I went to dutie.

This was a good successful day.

A faire day and seasonable.

13, Wednesday^ 6 acloalc. — This morning after I was readie,
and had breakfasted, my wifFe and I went away to Quodquan
fast before the communion. I heard M*" Ro* Levingston preach
on 1 Samuel, 4 last. Two things in the words, a complaint, and
the ground of it. Obs. 1, that God may tak away his glorious
presence from a people. 2 Reasons of it. 4 things to be done
to prevent it. 3 Motives to thrive by ordinances. 3 Means
to it. 1° Come with holie fear. 9P w* much humilitie. 3*^ lay
asyd all your synes. 3 gen'^ ans""^ to that case of confidence, in
not thriving by ordinances. 3 ill ends, and 3 good ends in
coming to ordinances, and ane use of instruction from the
point, etc.

Therafter I heard M*" Pat Andersone^ preach on Jerem. 17.
14. What is meant heer by healing.? Obs. 1, that God and
he only can and will heal broken-hearted sinners. The excel-
lency of his art of healing in 7, and 5 reasons of the point.
6 Reasons why brokeness of heart is so rare a thing now under
the ghospell. 4 sad words to them that are not troubled for
sin. 4 Reasons why there is no healing till there be brokenesse.
3 ways to get brokeness of heart. 6 Motives to it. Obs. %
that the best way exercised souls under breaking can tak, is to
go to God by prayer. 3 Reasons of it, etc.

Afternoon I heard M"^ Alex. Lev: on Heb. 9. 24. The word

1 Patrick Anderson, A.M., admitted to Walston in 1648, deprived by Act of
Parliament and Act of Privy Council 1662. He was indulged at Kilbirnie on
3rd September 1672, but refused to accept the Indulgence. He returned to
Walston in 1687 ; and was translated to Dalkeith on i8th November following.
He was restored by Act of Parliament 25th April 1690; but died 22nd July
thereafter, aged sixty-three. His son, James Anderson, W.S., was Postmaster-
General of Scotland, whose daughter Mary married David Pitcairn of Dreghorn,
and was grandmother of Principal Robertson the historian. — Scott's Fasti.


' appearing '' is borrowed from an advocat who appears in 3
for his client. Obs. that the excellencie and glory of Christs
exaltation is the christian's advantage, becaus he appears for
him and stands in his roome. 4 Considerations for clearing of
this point. 5 Consequences of his appearing before God.
4 fruits flowing from his appearing. S uses of the point.
3 words of counsall, 1^ know him, 2° Consider him in his
offices, and 3° love him weell, etc.

After sermons I did sup with M"^ Ro* and Sir Jo" and some
uthers, and therafter I cam home with my wifFe, and so I
retired myself to peruse the sermons, and so I went to secret
and family dutie.

This was a toUerable good day to me.

Rainie and cold before noone, faire but sharp after.

14 Jult/, Thursday, 6 acloak. — This morning after I was
readie, I went to the feilds and lay a long tyme till breakfast
tyme, therafter Kirkurd came to me and stayed a whyle in the
forenoon. He cam to tell me that he was willing to contribut
to the minister at Glenquhome according to the Presbrie's order,
but he wold not contribute for grasse, becaus ther was kirkland
near the kirk, that wold satisfie him. I spok to him also that
he wold help his sister Barbara, and he promised to give her
100 mks. or 100 lib. upon advertisement when she was in need,
and that he should secure her in her soume in case he should
die that his heirs shall be bound to pay her.

After he was gone I went to denner with my wiffe, and after
denner I drew ane commission by the Presbrie of Bigger to 3
ministers and 3 elders to appreciat the manse, and mend the

Online LibraryAndrew HayThe diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-1660; → online text (page 9 of 28)