Andrew Jackson Rogers.

The passing of Satan, death and hell. The solution of the allegory online

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Passing of Satan, Death

and Hell.

The Solution of the Allegory.

" I saw a great white Throne, and him that
sat on it, from whose face the earth and
the heaven fled away ; and there was
found noplace for them.''^






Frontispiece 1

"That Lake o' Fire" 62

The Clashing of Ideas 93

Allegorical Truth 115

Loyalty to God Essential to Life Eternal 145

Let ns Hear the Conclusion of the Whole Matter . . 197


That lake o' fire is wTiere, save in the human ireast ?

And not there except that breast hath disowned his God,
Then all his furies may arise and crown their King,

And let loose the fiames of hell in that Godless soul.


m PKESE]SrTi:N'G this new and no less
interesting than instructive story, it is hardly
necessary to preface the argument and purposes
in producing the work. The book speaks for
itself. In fact, the title succinctly j)refaces
the story. But as it is to be brought out by
subscriptions it may seem that something might
be said in advance of the publication that would
be helpful to the spreading of the book. How-
ever, it suffices to say that the reader will find
the subject fairly treated from the Christian and
common sense standpoints, demonstrating, as we
go, that man, like his Father in heaven, is a
spirit, and, though incarnate for a season, is en-
dowed with boundless spirito -mental and substan-
tial possibilities, which unfold and round out in
utility accordingly as man in his re -birth compre-
hends his spirituality and thence loyally lives,
moves, and has his being at-one with God ; and
that in the fullness of the times of man's regener-
ation, he, by the power of the indwelling Holy
Spirit, rises above his fettering corruptions, and
thence ultimately, by the all-hallowing incoming

10 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

of the Son of Man, overcomes and vanquishes
Satan, Death and Hell, who, being in and of
the outer and perishable earth and temporal
heavens thereof, passes away therewith in the
day of the restitution of all things of God. Such
is the trend of our story. But we must refer you
to the full text of the book wherein we prove
our theory as we go, and by the Book of books-

The Passing of Satan, Death
and Hell.

The Rev. Thomas Hopkins was the
newly installed pastor of the leading
Methodist Church of the town of Kempton.
He was a young man full of zeal and be-
lieved in the literal acceptance of the
Bible; and that when it said that the
wicked were cast into a lake of fire and
therein subjected to everlasting torments,
it meant just that. And yet he questioned
how to reconcile that view with the state-
ment that "The soul that sinneth it shall
die." Just how a soul could be immortal
and yet die and then be cast into a lake of
fire, and therein, while dead, be eternally
tormented was more than he could under-
stand. And this had given him much
worry. But as there were many things in
the Bible that equally puzzled him, and as
he found it much easier to hold to the
theory of the eternal punishment of the

12 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

wicked in a continuous, aye, eternally
burning hell, than to reconcile all those
seeming inconsistencies, he chose to
preach the absolute literal reading of the
Bible, adroitly passing over all puzzling
questions and mysteries whatsoever, as
matters beyond the comprehension of man.
On taking charge of his new pastorate
and inquiring among his more immediate
advisers about the various workers in the
Church, he learned that there was a Mr.
Charles Greenhow, who, though not an of-
ficer of the Church, was verily one of the
more effective, though quiet workers, in
the various departments and avenues ever
opened to the earnest, vigilant evangelist;
and that he was in charge of the largest
and leading Bible class of the Church.
"But," said the pastor's informants, with a
significant shake of the head, "his views
on the teachings of the Bible are very dif-
ferent from those of other people. And in
fact, he is thought by some to be teaching
new and dangerous doctrine, and is there-
fore said to be creating among certain of
the people (who regard him as quite un-

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 13

orthodox), an element of discontent, bj
forcing them to think and study the Bible
and learn for themselves the more pro-
found as well as the simple truths that
every reborn soul should know and live by.
But, they urge, it is too hard for them. On
the other hand, there are those who believe
that Mr. Greenhow is all right, sound and
clear, and in every way straightforward;
and that his views are not only in harmony
with the Bible, rightly understood, but are
clearly in keeping with the character of
God as an omniscient Creator, a loving
Father, and an all- wise Governor, than are
the views of the literalist; and hence they
prefer his teachings to those of the opposi-
tion, who claim to be orthodox."

Mr. Hopkins regretted to learn that
there was not altogether a spirit of har-
mony prevailing among the members of
the Church. He had not as jet, however,
become very well acquainted with the peo-
ple, and most of those whom he had met
personally, he considered to be narrow-
minded and not particularly intelligent;
and he thought that perhaps the difficulty,

14 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

whatever it was, was not very great, but
that it could be settled as soon as he be-
came acquainted with Mr. Greenhow,
whose teachings seemed to be the cause of
all the trouble. But as he moved around
among the people he found, as he thought,
grounds for alarm. He was, by a combina-
tion of circumstances, kept from meeting,
as yet, any of the more liberal minds.
Hence (as it appeared), so strong had the
advocates of the opposition to Mr. Green-
how become that the Church seemed on
the verge of a division. And there was
some talk of asking Mr. Greenhow to give
up his Bible class and not teach any more
among the people of the Church.

The opposition was slow, however, in
moving to adopt such extreme measures;
for Mr. Greenhow had endeared himself to
very many of the congregation by quiet
acts of kindness in times of need, and in
sundry ways had convinced many of the
people that he was verily a man of God,
w^ho had the good of the Church and the
needy, suffering poor dearly at heart. And
further, though not a rich man, he was one

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 15

of the most liberal contributors; and knew
just where, when, and how to secure any
funds actually needed for the Church's ad-
vancement or to meet any pressing emer-
gency. Hence the opposition was slow to
take any decisive action that might result
in Mr. Greenhow's leaving the Church.

But as the matter had come so seemingly
urgent before the new pastor's mind, he
thought it his duty, as head of the Church,
to forthwith call on and talk with Mr.
Greenhow. In the mean while, however,
he, the pastor, was entirely in sympathy
with the literalist, and had no doubt but
that he would be able to convince Mr.
Greenhow of his error and thence set him
right in a pastorial visit or two.

With his partial understanding of the
situation, he called on Mr. Greenhow, who,
up to that time, knew not that his new
pastor had been prejudiced against him
and his religious views. The minister was
most cordially received, and the conversa-
tion naturally turned on the Church, the
Sunday School, and religious work gener-

16 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

ally. But wishing to reach the main point
as quickly as possible, Mr. Hopkins said:

"You certainly have a very interesting
class, Mr. Greenhow, and you seem to be
very popular in the Church. But I was
talking with some of the members of the
Church the other day, when some of them
said that they regretted to report that your
views on some important points were dif-
ferent from the usual teachings, and that
among other errors you taught the ulti-
mate annihilation of all godless people;
whom we regard as "Tares," in contradis-
tinction to the "Wheat," as per the parable
of the "Tares"; and further, that you hold
that there is no eternally continuous burn-
ing hell, that is, that there is no literal
eternal lake of fire continuously fed with
brimstone; while we teach that there is
such a place, and that it may be seen con-
tinuously from the battlements of Heaven,
as witness the interview between the rich
man and Abraham, the one in Hell, the
other in Heaven. Have I been correctly
informed. Brother Greenhow? Do you hold
such views?"

The Passing of Satarij Death and Hell. 17

"Yea, verily, if I understand you aright.
And I hold those views for the reason that
I have never been able to find any Scrip-
ture for other well-founded views touching
those points. And allow me to add that I
accept the teachings of Jesus the Christ as
absolutely correct, not only touching the
subject of hell, everlasting punishment,
eternal destruction, and so forth, but
touching every subject of which the gospel
treats. And I accept the entire Bible as
the revealed Word of God, in so far as it
goes and reveals; and as medium of the
knowledge, wisdom, and intelligence of
God, purposed for and offered to man for
his divine guidance as man spirito-men-
tally develops in and throughout this tem-
poral sin-cursed world. But I do not ac-
cept the Bible wholly literally. I find it
full of sublime allegories and parables. In
fact, it opens with an allegory, the first
chapter of which is, though an allegory,
one of the sublimest poems ever penned by
man. Adding to it the first three verses
of the second chapter of Genesis, it is the
most succinct and complete history ever

18 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

written. It is as full of truth as an egg is
of meat. But you must read it spiritually
to get at that truth and the latent wisdom
it conveys. God only can supply the en-
lightening spirit. And permit me further
to say that, since I never teach anything
of which I know nothing, and never ven-
ture to advance Bible truths without sub-
stantiating them in the Word, let me ask
that, as you consider my teachings unsound
and dangerous on those points, to which
you have referred, to be frank and do me
the kindness to tell me what you know of
and can substantiate as to the ^eternal helP
and its 'unquenchable fire,' for the 'unend-
ing tortures' of the condemned 'Tares,' or
'unregenerate or unregenerateable sin-
ners.' And further, please make clear to
me the fact which you aver, that this 'eter-
nal tortuous hell' is ever in full view of the
saints in Heaven," urged Mr. Greenhow.

"Well, now, Mr. Greenhow, I beg par-
don. I mean. Brother Greenhow, I've been
told that you are a heretic, and that you
are verily teaching very unsound doctrine.
And I therefore consider it my duty, as

Th e Pass ing of Sata n, D ea th and Hell. 19

pastor, to see that nothing but sound Bible
truths are taught in the classes. And so
I've decided to have a conversation with
you to find out just what your views and
ideas are, and to correct you if I find you
going Avrong. If you hold any other than
what I've already set forth, I'm free to say
that 3^ou are wrong, very wrong; for I know
there is no such thing as the annihilation
of the wicked or destruction of the godless
sinners except continuously burning in an
endless hell. And I know also that there
is an eternal burning hell into which the
godless people go after the final judgment;
and that they are therein tortured forever
and eternally; and that their continuous
sufferings may be verily witnessed by the
saints in Heaven, as witness, I repeat, the
rich man w^ho lifted up his eyes in Hell,
being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar
off and Lazarus in his bosom. I will refute
your allegory later on, sir."

"Mr. Hopkins, I propose that we, as pas-
tor and layman, as man and man, as
brother and brother, in the Church of
Christ, shall dispassionately look into this

20 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

matter, prayerfully seeking to know the
truth. And since you, as my pastor, have
come to me, even at our first meeting,
charging me with heresy, and averring
that I am teaching false and therefore dan-
gerous doctrine; and claiming that you
know and teach only the true doctrine; I
pray you, once again, to enlighten me by
telling me just what you know and can sub-
stantiate as to the matter in question, not
what you think, but what you know and
realize in your heart to be truth from and
of God. You know, or ought to know, as
well as I do, that we can know nothing of
the things of God except by the Spirit of
God, if so happily, we have been verily
born again, and therefore have the great-
est of all blessings evidenced within us, as
Jesus and the Apostles and others of God
taught, would surely crown our lives if we
loyally accepted the Messiah and faithfully
lived at-one with God in thought, word and
deed. And now, if we have severally con-
sciously received the Spirit of God, we
shall have but little, if any, trouble, in
coming to a proper and profitable under-

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 21

standing. And now, to that end, I begin
with, What does the word hell mean?
Please be explicit, Mr. Hopkins."

"Well, now, why yes; hell, in short,
means the grave, sir."

"And where is the grave, Mr. Hopkins?"

"Well, why, yes; the grave is in the
earth, sir."

"Will you give me, please, the correct
definition of the word grave?"

"Well, now, yes, of course, sir. Webster
says, ^The grave is an excavation in the
ground or a place of burial. He also says
that grave means death, destruction, or end
of existence. But that only refers to the
body, sir."

"Does hell mean anything more than
the grave, Mr. Hopkins?"

"Well, yes, it is sometimes called hades;
in fact, I believe hell, hades, the earth, and
the grave sometimes mean the same thing,
in Scripture; for they are synonymous of
the one and the same thing. But the grave
is not all of hell; there is a lake of fire, fed
with brimstone, whither we've got to go if

22 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

we fail to secure Heaven as our home after
this life, sir."

"And what can you tell me of the lake of
fire, sometimes called Tophet or Gehenna,
Mr. Hopkins?"

"Why, 3^es; well, sir, Tophet and Ge-
henna, they are types of hell, sir. They
mean the same thing. Gehenna was in the
valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where
some of the Israelites sacrificed their chil-
dren to Molock; and which, on that ac-
count, w^as afterward regarded as a place
for consuming all the refuse of the city,
perpetual fires being kept up in order to
prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New
Testament, says Webster, the name is
transferable by an easy metaphor to hell.
And of which Milton wrote:

' The pleasant valley of Hinnom, Tophet thence
And black Gehenna, called the type of Hell.'

But w^hat has all this to do with the
question before us, Mr. Greenhow?"

"Quite enough, as we shall see later on,
Mr. Hopkins. The hell of which Milton
w^rote was chiefly of his own brilliant
imagination. He was writing a book

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 23

whidi he hoped would immortalize John
Milton in the world of letters. And he
wrote in an age wherein religious free
thought was but a thing hoped for. His
hell, as pictured in his works, was neces-
sary to the success of his Taradise Lost/
and also to his Taradise Regained.' His
imagination was strong. He wrote and
pictured vigorously, but not wholly truly.
He should have shown definitely that the
hell of which the Bible speaks was and is
wholly of the temporal earth, and must
pass away with the curse of the ground, as
the Bible shows it will in the fulness of ^
the times of the regeneration, when comes
the restitution of all things of God, includ-
ing the kingdom thereof in the earth even
as it is in the Heaven. But passing Milton,
and returning to your idea of hell, tell me,
since, according to your views, hell, hades,
the earth, and the grave are synonymous
terms, sometimes meaning the same thing,
and that Tophet and Gehenna are likewise
types of the same place, pray tell me where
is that literal lake of fire and brimstone
wherein all the godless and unregenerate-

24 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

able wicked are ultimately consigned to
forever live and eternally suffer the con-
tinuous tortures of the damned? It is very
important that you be explicit, for I am ap-
pealing to you as my pastor, who, claiming
to know all about these things, have done
me the honor on this, your first visit, to
charge me with heresy and with promul-
gating unsound and dangerous doctrine."

"Well, now, sir; I confess I don't see just
why I'm required to specify the exact place
of that lake of fire," replied Mr. Hopkins.

"But I do," promptly answered Charles
Greenhow. "You have brought grave
charges against me. You have definitely
stated that the grave is hell. I am your
pupil, you are my pastor, and therefore,
presumed to be my spiritual director. And
you have already stated positively that you
know that such a place exists for the spe-
cific purposes stated^ and is to abide for-
ever and eternally. And since you know
these important facts, you must also know
where this hell is. And so, I repeat that
it is very important to me that you now,
before proceeding further, tell me where

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 25

is that lake of fire continuously fed with
brimstone? Kindly locate it for me, since
you know that it is; and has a place and
local being, and can be seen from

"Well, now, sir; since you must have it,
I take it to be somewhere within the center
of the earth, which, I'm told, somewhere
contains a molten mass of fire that eter-
nally burns and boils,'' answered Rev.
Thomas Hopldns.

"But the grave, which you say is hell,
does not extend down below the crust of
the earth. What then, Mr. Hopkins?"

"Well, yes; but you see, sir, that the
souls of the wicked who have died are rest-
ing in their graves till the resurrection
morn. And then, after the judgment, all
the wicked are sent down within the crust
of the earth, w^hich somewhere contains the
real Gehenna, typified by the place of
abomination in the valley of Hinnom, near
Jerusalem, and there to live and suffer for-
ever and forever, that is, eternally. Don't
you see, sir?"

"No, I don't see, as you picture. On the

26 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

contrary, I find the hell or the hells, and
the devils thereof, that you say torture
man, are more especially in and of the god-
less man. But his tortures are not to be
eternal, though his destruction may be for-
ever and eternal. The ground was cursed
for man's sake. That curse comprises the
face of the outer covering of the earth. And
that is temporal as is the visible Heaven
thereof. From the face of that outer
covering or in and of that accursed tem-
poral earth, all degenerate creatures, in-
cluding fallen man, have been generated.
But this temporal earth, like all that it
produces and maintains, is perishable. In
due time, all that is temporal passes away.
Here we may perceive that hell is not
only in and of the temporal earth, but is
verily the ultimate recipient of all godless
perishing creatures and things. For saith
the Lord God, ^Dust thou art, and unto dust
thou shalt return.' The Lord God spoke
not of the Spirit loaned of God to man,
but of the flesh that had been formed of
the dust of the ground and subsequently
corrupted by Adam's disloyalty to and

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 27

estrangement from God. Hell and earth,
in which is the grave, are identical. They
comprise the curse of the ground* which is
temporal and perishable. In the fulness of
the times, all perishable things will have
returned to the temporal earth which com-
prises hell and all its concomitants. Then
comes the end of the temporal, giving
place to the real, the eternal things of God.
Thus passes your hell into nonentity, God
and the things of God, being then mani-
festly all-in-all. That occurs in the ful-
ness of the times of man's regeneration.
When the latent fires of earth leap forth
for the instantaneous destruction of all
imperfectable and perishable things, as
the prophets have clearly foreshown. And
in that instant the temporal heavens and
the temporal earth, the curse of the ground,
and all godless people, devils, lakes of fire,
hells, and so forth, verily pass into non-
entity, for God then becomes all-in-all,
reigning in and through man, who then is
as perfect as God himself. In this connec-
tion let us carefully read and ponder St.
Paul as per the 15th chapter First Corin-

28 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

thians, which verily substantiates all I
say. I especially note for your profound
consideration verses 44 to 56 inclusive. If
the Bible be true, and it proves itself, the
temporal world must end, give place to
the real, the Eternal, in the fulness of the
Times of the regeneration as surely as day
follows night. In the face of these facts,
do you know that what you have just said
is verily true, Mr. Hopkins?"

"Well, now; yes, sir; that is, I am told so
by some of the best commentators and
Bible students in the world,'' replied Mr.
Hopkins, and then added, "But, sir, you
are going too fast for me, Mr. Greenhow."

"But I'm not seeking to know what
you've been told. I want to ascertain what
you know and can teach as to all these im-
portant matters. As to the best commenta-
tors and so forth, I can consult them any
day I choose. But you who profess to
know all about these matters, and have
come charging me with heresy, should not
deal with hearsay, but as my spiritual
teacher, tell me what you know. Please
do so, Mr. Hopkins. What you don't know

The Tossing of Satan, Death and Hell. 29

kindly pass by. Do you know that the real
Gehenna, which you say was typified by
the abominations in the valley of Hinnom,
near Jerusalem, verily exists somewhere
within the earth? Answers me this, and I
will help you to catch up with me," urged
Charles Greenhow.

"Well, why, yes, sir; I'm sure of it, for
there is no other place to locate it so that
the saints in Heaven can see it. But what
is the use of talking, if what I've learned
from the commentators and the Bible is
not admissible as acquired knowledge,"
answered Mr. Hopkins, rising to his feet,
much excited, and then with his eyes
flashing angrily at Mr. Greenhow, and
with his finger pointing directly into the
latter's calm, placid face, stormed out,
"Now, sir, I tell you plainly, I can't endure
your words. You upset our orthodoxy, you
destroy our hell, abolish Satan and all his
great multitudinous and everlasting hosts.
Jesus never taught such things. How dare
you, sir?"

"My dear pastor, be calm. Such ac-
quired intelligence and knowledge about

30 The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell.

the things of God are not the same as that
given of the Holy Spirit in-dwelling in the
man of God. The one is picked up as we
go. It is something borrowed, not certain,
and too oft from godless books of unre-
generated or benighted authors. But the
other knowledge is of God. You may com-
mit to memory whole volumes of commen-
taries, and be able, by memorizing it, to
quote the whole Bible. And yet, you must
understand, my dear sir, that the letter
alone killeth, while only the Spirit gives
life, knoAvledge, and wisdom. And you
should understand that man can know
nothing of God and the things thereof, ex-
cept by, in, and through the Spirit of God.
And this you may not have understand-
ingly, even as a minister of the gospel, un-
less you consciously first have the Son of
God dwelling within you. For only such
are divinely of the Priesthood of the Lord
Jesus. And these know by the Spirit of
God which is in them, severally, the things
they are sent of God to teach. Now, my
dear Mr. Hopkins, do you verily know what
is or is not to be the final destiny of the

The Passing of Satan, Death and Hell. 31

unrepentant and unregenerate and unre-
generateable wicked? You err as to Jesus.
He verily taught the same as I am teach-
ing. But answer my question and let us
get on: What do you hnow of the matter
in question?"

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