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{200a} Bain, i. 551, 552.

{200b} Lord James to Lord Robert Dudley, October 7, 1561. Bain, i. 557,
558. Lethington's account of his reasonings with Elizabeth is not very
hopeful. Pollen, "Queen Mary's Letter to Guise," Scot. Hist. Soc., 38-

{201a} Bain, i. 565.

{201b} Knox, vi. 131, 132; ii. 289.

{201c} The proclamation against "all monks, friars, priests, nuns,
adulterers, fornicators, and all such filthy persons," was of October 2.
On October 5 the Queen bade the council and community of the town to meet
in the Tolbooth, depose the Provost and Bailies, and elect others. On
October 8 the order was carried out, and protests were put in. A note
from Lethington was received, containing three names, out of which the
Queen commanded that one must be Provost. The Council "thought good to
pass to her Grace," show that they had already made their election, and
await her pleasure. "Jezebel's letter and wicked will is obeyed as law,"
says Knox. - Extracts from Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh, 126, 127.

{202} Knox, vi. 133-135. Corp. Refor., xlvii. 74.

{203a} Corp. Refor., xlvii. 114, 115.

{203b} Bain, i. 582, 583.

{203c} Ibid., i. 491. Randolph to Cecil.

{205} Bain, i. 565, 566.

{206a} Froude, iii. 265-270 (1866).

{206b} Knox, vi. 83.

{207a} Knox, vi. 11-14.

{207b} Bain, i. 569. Randolph to Cecil, November 11.

{207c} Ibid., i. 568-570.

{208a} There was a small guard, but no powerful guard existed till after
Riccio's murder.

{208b} Bain, i. 575. Randolph to Cecil, December 7.

{208c} Ibid., i. 571.

{209} It is plain from Randolph (Bain, i. 575) that the precise feared
that Mary, if secured by the English alliance, would be severe with "true
professors of Christ."

{210} Keith, iii. 384, 385.

{211a} Knox, ii. 300-313. Pollen, "Mary's Letter to the Duc de Guise,"

{211b} Bain, i. 568, 569.

{211c} Ibid., i. 585. Randolph to Cecil, January 2, 1562.

{212a} There is an air of secrecy in these transactions. In the
Register of the Privy Seal, vol. xxxi. fol. 45 (MS.), is a "Precept for a
Charter under the Great Seal," a charter to Lord James for the Earldom of
Moray. The date is January 31, 1560-61. On February 7, 1560-61, Lord
James receives the Earldom of Mar, having to pay a pair of gilded spurs
on the feast of St. John (Register of Privy Seal, vol. xxx. fol. 2). Lord
James now bore the title of Earl of Mar, not, as yet - not till Huntly was
put at - of Moray.

{212b} Dr. Hay Fleming quotes Randolph thus: "The Papists mistrust
greatly the meeting; the Protestants as greatly desire it. The preachers
are more vehement than discreet or learned." (Mary Queen of Scots, p.
292, note 35, citing For. Cal. Eliz., iv. 523.) The Calendar is at fault
and gives the impression that the ministers vehemently preached in favour
of the meeting of the Queen. This was not so, Randolph goes on, "which I
heartily lament." He uses the whole phrase, more than is here given, not
only on January 30, but on February 12. Now Randolph desired the
meeting, so the preachers must have "thundered" against it! They feared
that Mary would become a member of the Church of England, "of which they
both say and preach that it is little better than when it was at the
worst" (Bain, i. 603).

{212c} Keith, ii. 139.

{213} The Teviotdale Ormistouns of that ilk.

{214a} In Pitcairn's Criminal Trials is Arran's report of Bothwell's
very words, vol. i., part 2, pp. 462-465.

{214b} Bain, i. 613, 614.

{215a} Bain, i. 618, 619.

{215b} Knox, ii. 330.

{215c} Ibid., ii. 330, 331.

{215d} Cf. Baird, The Rise of the Huguenots, ii. 21 et seq.

{216a} Bain, i. 627. Randolph to Cecil, May 29.

{216b} Cf. Froude, vi. 547-565.

{216c} "Book of Discipline," Knox, ii. 228.

{216d} M'Crie, 187.

{217a} Knox, ii. 330-335.

{217b} Bain, i. 673.

{217c} Randolph mentions the joy of the Court over some Guisian
successes against the Huguenots, then up in arms, while Mary was on her
expedition against Huntly, in October 1562. On December 30 he says that
there is little dancing, less because of Knox's sermons than on account
of bad news from France. Bain, i. 658, 674.

Dr. Hay Fleming dates the wicked dance in December 1562, but of course
that date was not the moment when "persecution was begun again in
France," nor would Mary be skipping in December for joy over letters of
the previous March. Mary Queen of Scots, 275.

{218} Knox, vi. 140, 141.

{219a} Keith, iii. 50, 51.

{219b} Bain, i. 630.

{219c} Lesley, ii. 468.

{219d} Knox, vi. 193.

{220a} Knox, ii. 337-345.

{220b} Hay Fleming, Mary Queen of Scots, 301.

{221a} Knox, ii. 347.

{221b} Act Parl. Scot., ii. 572.

{221c} Bain, i. 665.

{221d} Bain, i. 668.

{222a} Chalmers, in his Life of Queen Mary, vol. i. 78-96 (1818), takes
the view of the Huntly affair which we adopt, but, observing the quietly
obtained title of Moray under the Privy Seal (January 30, 1561-62) and
the publicly assumed title of Mar, granted on February 7, 1561-62,
Chalmers (mistaking Huntly for a loyal man) denounces the treachery of
Lord James and the "credulity" of the Queen. To myself it appears that
brother and sister were equally deep in the scheme for exalting Moray and
destroying Huntly.

{222b} Cf. Pollen, Papal Negotiations, 163, 164.

{222c} Knox, ii. 346.

{222d} Ibid., ii. 358.

{223a} Bain, i. 675.

{223b} Froude, ii. 144 (1863).

{224a} Registrum de Panmure, i.-xxxii., cited by Maxwell; Old Dundee,
162. Book of the Universal Kirk, 26.

{225a} Knox, ii. 364-367; ii. 531, 532; Keith, iii. 140, 141.

{225b} Spanish Calendar, i. 314.

{225c} Bain, i. 684-686.

{225d} Knox, ii. 367-369.

{226a} Knox, ii, 370.

{226b} Bain, i. 686.

{226c} Ibid., i. 687.

{226d} Knox, li. 361; Bain, i. 693. Lethington's argument against
Lennox's claim, March 28, 1563.

{227a} Knox, ii. 371.

{227b} Bain, ii. 7.

{228a} Knox, ii. 370-377.

{228b} Ibid., ii. 377-379.

{228c} Bain, ii. 9, 10.

{229a} Knox, ii. 381.

{229b} Ibid., ii. 387-389.

{231a} Bain, ii. 24.

{231b} Ibid., ii. 25.

{231c} Spanish Calendar, i. 338.

{231d} Bain, ii. 19, 20.

{232a} Bain, ii. 26; Knox, ii. 393, 394.

{232b} Hume Brown, Scotland under Queen Mary, p. 99.

{232c} Pitcairn, Criminal Trials, i. 434.

{232d} Dr. M'Crie accepts, like Keith, a story of Spottiswoode's not
elsewhere found (M'Crie, 204), but innocently remarks that, as to the
brawl in chapel, Spottiswoode could not know the facts so well as Knox!
(p. 210). Certainly twenty-two attendants on the Mass were "impanelled"
for trial for their religious misdemeanour. Knox, ii. 394, note I.

{233a} Knox, ii. 397.

{233b} Randolph to Cecil; Bain, ii. 28, 29.

{233c} Knox, ii. 399-401.

{234a} Keith, ii. 210. The version in Bain, ii. 30, is differently

{234b} Knox, ii. 403.

{235} Knox, ii. 399-415.

{236} Pitcairn, Criminal Trials, i. 434, 435.

{237a} Randolph, December 31; Bain, ii. 33; Knox, ii. 415.

{237b} Randolph, February 19, 1564; Bain, i. 113, 125.

{237c} Knox, ii. 415, note 3.

{238} Knox, ii. 417-419.

{239} Bain, i. 680; ii. 54.

{240} Knox, ii. 291, 292.

{241a} Lethington spoke merely of "controversies" (Knox, ii. 460). I
give the confessed meaning of the controversy.

{241b} Compare Knox, ii. 291, as to the discussion at Makgill's house in
November 1561.

{241c} Knox, ii. 460, 461.

{242a} Original Letters, Parker Society, Bullinger to Calvin, March 26,
1554, pp. 744-747.

{242b} Knox, ii. 441, 442.

{243a} The very programme of the General Assembly for the treatment of
Catholics, in November 1572. See p. 269 infra.

{243b} Knox, v. 462-464.

{244a} Knox, ii. 441.

{244b} Ibid., ii. 442, 443.

{246} Randolph to Cecil, February 27, 1565; Bain, ii. 128.

{247a} Knox, ii. 497.

{247b} Ibid., vi. 224, 225.

{248a} Knox, vi. 273; ii. 499.

{248b} Ibid., ii. 514.

{248c} Ibid., vi. 402.

{249a} Book of the Universal Kirk, 34.

{249b} Knox, vi. 416.

{249c} Bain, ii. 254, 255.

{249d} Stevenson, Selections, 153-159.

{250a} Papal Negotiations, xxxviii.-xliii.

{250b} Keith, ii. 412-413.

{250c} Knox, ii. 524.

{251a} Knox, i. 235.

{251b} Hume Brown, John Knox, ii. 231.

{252a} Randolph to Cecil, March 21, 1566. Bain, ii. 269, 270. Diurnal,
March 17, 1566. Knox's prayer, Knox, vi. 483, 484.

{252b} Bain, ii. 269, 270.

{252c} See Calvin's letter of January 24 or April 1, 1564, Corpus
Reformatorum, xlviii. 244-249.

{253a} Life of Knox, 235, note 3; cf. Knox, ii. 533.

{253b} Burnet, History of the Reformation, iii. 360.

{253c} Knox, ii. 544-560.

{254a} Knox, vi. 545-547.

{254b} State Papers, Mary, Queen of Scots, vol. xiii., No. 20, MS.

{256a} Book of the Universal Kirk, 61-67.

{256b} Stevenson, Illustrations of the Reign of Queen Mary, 208.

{256c} Knox, ii. 563.

{257a} Stevenson, 221.

{257b} Ibid., 240, July 21.

{257c} Chalmers's "Life of Mary," ii. 487.

{258a} Knox, vi. 558-561.

{258b} If born in 1513-15, he was only about fifty-three to fifty-five.

{259a} Knox, vi. 567.

{259b} Knox and the Church of England, 230.

{259c} Strype's Grindal, 168-179 (1821).

{260a} Corp. Ref., xlvii. 417, 418.

{260b} Strype's Grindal, 507-516.

{261a} Zurich Letters. 1558-1602, pp. 152-155.

{261b} Strype's Grindal, 180. Also the letter of Grindal in Ellis, iii.
iii. 304

{262a} Knox, ii. 247-249.

{262b} Knox and the Church of England, 298-301.

{263a} Knox, vi. 559.

{263b} Ibid., vi. 568.

{263c} M'Crie, 248.

{264a} Bannatyne's Memorials, 5-13 (1836).

{264b} Calderwood, ii. 515-525.

{266} Bannatyne's Transactions, 70-82. Bannatyne was Knox's secretary,
and fragments dictated by the Reformer appear in his pages.

{267a} Melville's "Diary," 20-26.

{267b} Knox, vi. 606-612.

{268a} Bannatyne, 223, 224 (1836).

{268b} Knox, vi. 620-622.

{268c} Ibid., 236

{269a} Bannatyne, 268.

{269b} Ibid., 273.

{269c} Ibid., 278.

{269d} John Knox, ii. 282, 283.

{270} Cf. Leicester's letter of October 10, 1574, in Tytler, vii. chap,
iv., and Appendix.

{271} Tytler, vii. chap. iv.; Appendix xi, with letters.

{272a} Knox, ii. 356; Bannatyne, 281, 282.

{272b} Morton to Killigrew, August 5, 1573.

{273} Bannatyne, 283-290.

{274} There was another Falsyde.

{275a} See the letter in Maxwell's Old Dundee, 399-401.

{275b} Bain's Calendar is misleading here (vol. i. 202). Why Mr. Bain
summarised wrongly in 1898, what Father Stevenson had done correctly in
1863 (For. Cal. Eliz,, p. 263) is a mystery.

{276a} See the "Prefatio," Knox, i. 297, 298. In this preface Knox
represents the brethren as still being "unjustly persecuted by France and
their faction." The book ends with the distresses of the Protestants in
November 1559, with the words, "Look upon us, O Lord, in the multitude of
Thy mercies; for we are brought even to the deep of the dungeon." - Knox,
i. 473.

{276b} Knox, vi. 22, 23.

{276c} M'Crie's Knox, 360.

{277a} Knox, i. 317-319.

{277b} Hume Brown, John Knox, ii. 6.

{277c} John Knox, ii. 4.

{277d} Scot. Hist. Review, January 1905.

{278a} Lesley, ii. 40, Scottish Text Society, 1895.

{278b} In the French Archives MS., Angleterre, vol. xv.

{279a} Melville, 79 (1827).

{279b} Spottiswoode, i. 320.

{279c} Keith, i. 493, 494 (1835).

{280a} Angl. Reg., xvi., fol. 346.

{280b} Teulet, i. 407.

{280c} Ibid., i. 410.

{280d} For. Cal. Eliz., 1559-60, p. 453.

{280e} Ibid., p. 469.

{280f} Ibid., p. 480.


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Online LibraryAndrew LangJohn Knox and the Reformation → online text (page 20 of 20)