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with yellow rufous, the lateral ones tipt with white, and the
outer vanes edged with pale tawny, except the outermost on
each side which is white. Length 7J inches. Inhabits the
country beyond Latakoo.

This will form the type of a Sub-genus in the group with naked
nostrils.

Genus MIEAFEA. Horsf.

Mirafra africana. Front and crown black-brown, feathers
faintly edged with dull white ; nape chesnut, the centres of
feathers dark brown ; eyebrows white ; upper part of body
pale rufous ; with the centres of feathers black-brown ; chin
white ; throat, breast, and belly, pale rufous yellow, the former
mottled with brown stripes ; outer and inner vanes of quills
to wards bases chesnut,elsewhere dark brown ; tail dark brown,
the outer vanes of the two outermost feathers white. Length
7 inches. Inhabits the eastern province of the colony and the
country as far as Latakoo.

Mirafra africanoides. Head above, interscapulars, and back,
rufous with dark brown streaks ; eyebrows white ; nape, and
backandsides of neck, light rufous yellow with brown stripes;
beneath rusty white, the chin and middle of belly nearly pure
white, the anterior part of breast with a few brown stripes ;
quills chesnut towards bases, brown towards tips ; tail dark
brown, the outermost feather of each side edged with white,
the two middle ones with pale rufous. Length 6 inches.
Inhabits the eastern province of the colony and the country
towards Latakoo.

Mirafra Sabota. Top of head dark brown, feathers margined
with tawny yellow ; eyebrows white ; upper parts of body
pale rufous, the middle of each feather dark brown ;
beneath rusty white, the lower part of throat tinted with
pale rufous and spotted with brown ; tail slightly forked,
feathers dark brown margined with pale rufous, the outer-
most of each side with white. Length 5 inches. Inhabits
the country between Latakoo and the Tropic.

Genus CEETHILAUDA. Sw.

Certhilauda semitorquata. Top of head and upper parts of body,
rufous ; feathers in the course of shafts dark brown ; half
collar on back of neck, immediately in front of interscapulars,
obscure grey, streaked with brown ; chin and throat white ;
breast and belly tawny white : the anterior part of former

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and a portion of throat, marked with indistinct brown lines ;
tail brown, the outer vanes of lateral feathers and both the
vanes of the middle ones edged with pale rufous yellow.
Length 8 inches. Inhabits the eastern province of the
colony and the country immediately about the Orange River.

Genus EMBEKIZA. Lin.

Emberiza Tahapisi. Head and throat black, the former with
seven longitudinal white stripes; one from base of mandible to
centre of nape, and three on each side ; body above light brown,
dashed with dark brown ; beneath light cinnamon brown ; tail
dark brown, the outermost feather of each side tipt and edged
with pale rufous. Length 5J inches. Inhabits the country
towards the sources of Vaal River.

Emberiza Impetuani. Above light brown, the centres of
feathers black-brown ; chin and throat rusty white ; breast,
belly, vent, and under tail coverts, pale rufous ; quills brown,
outer vanes of primaries narrowly edged with pale rufous,
the secondaries broadly, with chesnut ; tail slightly forked,
feathers dark brown, edged and tipt with rufous. Length.
5J inches. Inhabits the country between the Nu Gariep
and Tropic.

Some years ago I found specimens of this Species inhabiting the
arid districts of Little Namaqualand. It will belong to one of the
aberrant Subgenera.

Sub-genus ZONOTEICHIA. Sw.

Zonotrichia africana. Above black-brown, feathers broadly
margined with rufous ; chin white ; throat and breast pale
rufous, marked with stripes of dark brown ; middle of belly
white ; quills dark brown, outer edges towards base dark
chesnut, inner edges pale rufous ; tail rounded, the two
outermost feathers of each side white, the second with a brown
stripe in the course of the shaft near the point, the intermediate
ones dark brown, the two middle ones edged with light rufous.
Length 5 inches. Lives amongst the grass, both to the north
and south of Kurrichaine.

Genus. MEGALOTIS.* Sw.

Megalotis verticalis. Head, neck, and under parts, black-brown ;
ears, top of head, nuchal collar, and a spot in front of each
wing, white ; interscapulars and back grey-brown, the feathers
towards quills brown ; tail slightly forked, the outermost
feather of each side brown towards the base of the inner vane,
elsewhere white, Length 4| inches. Inhabits the country
on both sides of the Orange River.

* It is possible Mr. Swainson may have altered the title of this
Genus, it having been previously employed by llliger to designate a
Sub-genuain the Mammalia.

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49

Megalotis australis. Head above black-brown ; interscapulars
and back ferruginous dashed with dark brown; beneath black;
quills and tail black-brown, the two centre feathers of the
latter edged and tipt with light rufous. Length 4J inches.
Inhabits the country along the Orange River, but extends
farther south than the last described.

It is possible that both this and the last species may have been
named and described, though I have not been successful in detecting
them. Another species, (belonging to this interesting Genus), the
Fringilla otoleucus, of Temminck, known to inhabit Senegal, was
discovered immediately beyond Kurrichaine, but only a very few
specimens could be procured.

Genus LINARIA. Auct.

Linaria gularis. Top of head dark brown, feathers edged with
white ; eyebrows white ; neck and upper parts grey-brown,
clouded with darker tints ; chin pure white ; breast pale grey-
brown; belly tawny white, darkish on the sides; quills and tail
brown,thefeathersedgedwithgreenishwhite.Length5Jinches.
Inhabits the colony and country as far as Latakoo rare.

Linaria atrogularis. Above grey-brown, the centres of
feathers dark brown ; rump sulphur yellow ; chin and
throat black ; breast, belly, and vent, rusty white ; wings
brown, the tips of the quills and the inner edges of inner
vanes towards bases white, the outer edges golden green ;
tail slightly forked, dark brown, with the tips and more or
less of the inner vanes of feathers white. Length 4J
inches. Inhabits the country about and beyond Kurrichaine.

Genus ESTRELDA, Sw.

Estrelda Lipiniana. Top of head, neck, and interscapulars,
tinted with crimson ; back, rump, and upper tail coverts,
crimson ; hinder part of breast and belly dull crimson ;
sides of head, chin, under tail coverts, and tail, black ; quills
ashy brown; wing coverts and scapulars grey, closely
banded with brown. Length 4J inches. Inhabits the
country to the north and east of Kurrichaine.

Estrelda Squamifrons. Top of head, wing coverts, and tail,
black, each feather margined with white ; neck and back
rusty grey ; before eye a black spot ; chin black, continued
behind into two divergent stripes ; under parts dull white.
Length 4 inches. Inhabits South Africa.

I feel considerable hesitation in assuming this bird to be yet
undescribed, it being not very uncommon in the more remote parts
of the colony. I am not, however, able to identify it with any species
mentioned in the translation of the Animal Kingdom it certainly
cannot be Fringilla frontalis, of Vieillot. The character of its bill,
in particular, removes it from the typical species of the genus, and
this, in conjunction with other peculiarities, may point out for it a
more appropriate position.

D [115]



50

Genus PYRGITA, Cuv.

Pyrgita Motiiensis. Top of head and back of neck grey ;
eyebrows, sides of neck, and back, chesnut ; the interscapu-
lars dashed with dark black-brown; eyeband, chin, and
throat, black ; cheeks white ; breast and belly rusty white.
Length 6j inches. Inhabits the country about Old Latakoo.

Pyrgita di/usa. Head and 'neck dull rusty grey ; inter-
scapulars brown, washed with grey; wing coverts, back, and
rump, dark chesnut brown, some of the coverts tipt with
white, which form one or two oblique bands on wings;
chin, throat, breast, and flanks, pale grey brown ; belly, vent,
and under tail coverts, rusty white ; quills and tail dark
brown. Length 5| inches. Inhabits the country between
the Orange River and the Tropic.

Genus CEITHAGRA. Sw.

Criihagra Selbyii. Upper parts brown- grey ; dashed longitu-
dinally with ajdark brown ; rump greenish yellow ; eyebrows,
chin, throat, middle of belly vent, and under tail coverts,
white; breast and sides of belly brown-grey; quills and
tail brown. Length 6 inches. Inhabits the colony and
country as far as Kurrichaine

This, which is a distinct species, has been figured by Sir Wm.
Jardine and Mr. Selby as the young of Crithagra sulphurata.

Genus EUPLECTES. Sw.

Eupledes taha. The upper part of the head, the inter-
scapulars, back, rump, upper tail coverts, and vent,
bright yellow ; sides of the head, neck, breast, and belly,
velvet black ; wings and tail brown ; under tail coverts
dirty white. Length 4J inches. Inhabits the country
north and east of Kurrichaine.

Genus PLOCEUS. Cuv.

Ploceus Tahatali. Above golden green, the feathers of top
of head, back of neck, and interscapulars, dark brown in the
course of the shafts ; beneath bright yellow, here and there of
an orange tint ; quills brown, outer vanes till near tips edged
with golden green ; tail olive brown ; feathers edged with
greenish yellow ; greater wing coverts and scapulars brown,
margined with yellow or dull white. Length 5J inches.
Found between the Orange Eiver and the Tropic.

Ploceus diibim. Above dark brown, the feathers broadly
margined with pale rusty brown ; eyebrows yellow- white ;
chin, throat, middle of belly, vent, and under tail coverts, dull
white ; breast and sides of belly rusty white, variegated with
longitudinal brown lines; quills and tail dark brown, edged
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51

with rusty white. Length 4| inches. Inhabits the country
beyond Kurrichaine.

This may belong to the Genus Euplectes. On examining- the first
specimen obtained I was disposed to regard it as the Euplectes Taha,
in its winter plumage, which impression was subsequently removed
on comparing the two birds and hearing the statements of the natives
regarding their nests. The Euplectes Taha builds amongst reeds, the
Ploceus dubius upon trees.

Sub-genus PLOCEPASSER.*

Bill conical, pointed; culmen arched and entering between
feathers of forehead ; edges of upper mandible slightly waved ;
nostrils basal, rounded, and open; rictus slightly bristled;
wings rather long, third and fourth quills equal ; tail slightly
rounded ; tarsi moderate, outer and inner toes of equal length ;
claws slightly curved and rather blunt.

Plocepasser Mahali. Upper part of head, and a longitudinal
stripe on each side of neck, black-brown ; eyebrows white ;
sides of head brown ; sides of neck, interscapulars, and back,
light brown ; rump, upper and under tail coverts, chin, and
throat, pure white ; breast and belly dull white, faintly
clouded with brown ; wing coverts and scapulars dark brown,
the former tipt with white so as to form two oblique lines of
that colour on the wings ; tail black-brown tipt with white.
Length 6 \ inches. Inhabits the country between the Orange
Eiver and the Tropic.

Genus LOXIA. And.

Loxia Lathamii. Above brown, the interscapulars and wing
coverts edged and tipt with pale rufous or rusty white ; chin,
middle of belly, vent, and under tail coverts, white ; breast and
sides of belly rusty white, the latter and sides of breast faintly
clouded with brown. Length 4 inches. Inhabits the country
near to and beyond Kurrichaine.

I have not ventured to assign this species to a Sub-genus, as the
different forms cannot here be ascertained.

Sub-family AGELAIN^E. Sw.

Genus BUBALORNIS.

Bill elongated, pointed, slightly compressed towards the point;
culmen arched and entering between the feathers of forehead ;
nostrils basal subcylindrical and open ; rictus slightly bristled;
wings rounded, third fourth and fifth quills equal; tail
moderate, rounded ; tarsi and acrotarsia divided, the divisions
of latter in part obsolete ; outer and inner toes equal ; claws
short, slightly curved, and blunt.

* The Ploceus superciliosus, of Euppel, may perhaps belong to this grou



pei, may pernaps oeiong to tnis group.

D 2 [117]



52

Bubalomis niger. Shining black; flanks and sides of breast
slightly variegated with white ; inner vanes of quills white
towards their bases, and the outer vanes of several broadly
edged with the same colour; bill red. Length 8 inches.
Inhabits the country about Kurrichaine, and is generally
found accompanying herds of Buffaloes.

Sub-family LAMPROTORNINJE.

Sub-genus MEGALOPTEEUS.

Bill moderate, nearly straight; culmen gently curved towards
the point and entering slightly between the feathers of forehead,
upper mandible slightly notched ; nostrils basal, above mem-
branaceous ; rictus slightly bristled ; wings large, fourth or
fifth quill longest, the second, third, fourth, and sometimes the
fifth, obliquely truncated at the points, each with a projecting
corner at the inner angle; tail moderately or very much
graduated ; tarsi long, acrotarsia divided ; claws moderately
curved.

Megalopterus australis. Plumage a bright splendent green ;
ears violet purple, with a half collar of the same colour on
the back of the neck immediately in front of interscapulars;
belly green-blue with a steel gloss ; tail graduated, the
outermost feather of each side three inches shorter than the
two centre ones. Length 13 inches. Inhabits the country
beyond Kurrichaine.

As specimens of this bird have been sent to Europe, it is possible
that it may have been described, though I cannot recognise it in any
of the publications within reach. It doubtless belongs to the same
group as the Turdus ceneus, of Senegal. When flying, the wings
appear out of proportion to the body, and give the appearance of a
size to the bird which in reality it does not possess. In the movement
of the wings there is also a marked difference between it and the
smaller species of the genus.

Fam. CORVID.E, Sw.

Genus EUEOCEPHALUS.

Bill short, slightly arched, broad at base, compressed towards
point, the upper mandible slightly notched ; nostrils basal and
partly covered by the incumbent feathers ; rictus slightly
bristled; wings moderate pointed, third quill longest; tail
slightly rounded ; tarsi short and like the acrotarsia divided ;
outer toe longer than the inner one ; claws slightly curved.

Eurocephalus anguitimens. Front crown and middle of neck
above white ; ears black ; sides of neck behind ears dull brown ;
interscapulars, back, rump, and upper tail coverts, pale ashy
brown ; wing coverts, quills, and tail, dark brown ; throat,
breast, and anterior part of belly, white ; posterior part of



53

belly, vent, and under tail coverts, rusty wood brown.
Length 8J inches. Inhabits the country between Latakoo
and the Tropic.

When an opportunity occurs of comparing this bird with the various
forms of the Corvidoe, its true place may be found in another family,
and the resemblances, particularly as regards its habits, may be those
of analogy and not affinity.

Genus CINNYRIS. Cuv.
Cinnyris Mariquensis. Head, neck, and upper part of body,

green gold, with a splendid coppery gloss ; breast crimson,

edged in front by a narrow steel blue band ; wings brown ;

belly and tail black. Length 4| inches. Inhabits the country

north of Kurrichaine.
Cinnyris talatala. Head, neck, and upper parts of body,

green gold ; chin inclined to purple ; anterior part of breast

deep violet blue, with a bright purple gloss ; belly white ;

under each wing an oblong sulphur yellow spot ; wings brown ;

tail black, the outer vanes of feathers edged with green gold.

Length 4 inches. Inhabits the country between the Orange

Biver and Kurrichaine.

Genus CHRYSOPTILUS. Sw.

Chrysoptilus Bennettii. Top of head, and a longitudinal
band behind gape, crimson red ; upper parts of body green-
brown, barred irregularly with pale greenish yellow ; cheeks,
chin, and eyebrows, yellowish white ; beneath pale golden
yellow, breast and belly variegated with rounded black-
brown spots ; tail indistinctly barred brown and golden
yellow, the tips of feathers black brown. Length 7J inches.
Inhabits the country about and beyond Kurrichaine.

Chrysoptilus Abingoni. Top of head, and a longitudinal
band behind gape, a dark slate colour, sprinkled with red ;
elongated feathers of hind head bright scarlet ; body above
olive brown and golden green, with one or more pale yellow
diamond shaped spots on each feather ; chin aud throat white,
with longitudinal black stripes ; breast and belly straw
yellow, with similar stripes ; tail olive brown, with dull
golden yellow bars, tips of feathers dull golden yellow.
Length 7J inches. Occurs in the same localities with the
last.
Specimens of this species were obtained near Port Natal in 1832.

Sub-family BUCCONIN^E. Sw.

Sub-genus POLYSTICTE.

Bill compressed, pointed, the edges of upper mandible towards
base dilated, culmen arched ; nostrils basal, round, and open ;
rictus slightly bristled ; wings short, rounded, the fourth and

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fifth quills rather longest ; tail moderate, rounded ; tarsi and
acrotarsia divided, two outermost toes nearly of equal length.

Polysticte Quopopa. Crested, crest, back of neck, intersca-
pulars, wing coverts, and a broad crescent on anterior part of
breast, black-blue, with a shining metallic gloss ; the inter-
scapulars and coverts broadly tipt with white, the crescent
on breast variegated with pale rose coloured spots ; front,
crown, sides of head, chin, and anterior part of belly, sulphur
yellow, variegated with blood red spots or stripes ; back,
hinder portion of belly, vent, and under tail coverts, greenish
yellow; upper wing coverts crimson; quills brown, outer vanes
barred with white ; tail black-blue, both vanes partially barred
with white and broadly tipt with the same colour. Length
8J inches. Inhabits from Kurrichaine to the Tropic.

Family MUSOPHAGID^;. Sw.

Genus PHIMUS. Wagl.
Sub-genus COLIPHIMUS.

Bill short, compressed, margin of upper mandible obtusely
angulated and notched near tip, culmen strongly arched from
base ; nostrils oblong, open ; wings moderate, pointed, fifth
quill longest, fourth and sixth equal ; tail long, spreading,
slightly rounded.

Goliphimus concolor. Forehead surmounted by a large and point-
ed crest of decomposed feathers of the same dull grey colour
as the rest of the body ; quills brown, glossed with coppery
green ; tail rounded, two centre feathers brown, lateral ones
blackish green. Length 17| inches. Inhabits the country
from Kurrichaine to the Tropic.

Genus PERDIX, Lin.

Perdix Swainsonii. Space round eyes, chin, and part of
throat, bare and deep red ; neck black brown, feathers
edged with white ; interscapulars rusty grey, each with a
brown stripe in the course of the shaft ; back, rump, and
upper tail coverts finely variegated, yellowish white and
brown; beneath rusty grey, each feather with a brown
stripe in the course of the shaft, and the belly with dashes
of deep chesnut; tail light brown,with oblique, waved, dark
brown lines. Length 14 inches. Inhabits the banks of
Eivers beyond Kurrichaine.

Perdix Lechoho. Top of head rusty brown, neck mottled
black-brown and white ; back and tail pale rusty yellow,
tinted with grey, and closely mottled with brown in waved
irregular lines, many of the* feathers towards their centres
with a dark brown stripe ; beneath irregularly spotted dark



55

brown and white, the latter the prevailing colour on the
belly. Length 11^ inches. Inhabits the banks of the
Marikwa and Limpopo Rivers.
This species I also found on the banks of Rivers near Port Natal.

Perdix Levalliantoides, Top of head black-brown, feathers
ed ged with pale ruf ous ; back of neck chesnut with black and
white spots ; back a dark, bright, red-brown, variegated with
grey, pale rufous and black, each feather with a rusty white
stripe in the course of shaft, which stripe is generally edged
on each side by black ; over and under each eye a mottled
black and white band, each of which extends towards the
middle of the throat, where they unite and form a large
patch of the same character ; breast and belly varied dark
chesnut brown and pale buff, the latter colour is bounded
partially with black or black-brown ; chin white. Length
llf inches. Inhabits the country towards sources of Orange
Biver.

Perdix Sephaena. Top of head grey brown ; neck chesnut, the
feathers edged with white ; back pale chesnut, behind in-
clining to brown, the feathers with a whitish stripe in the
course of the shafts ; chin, eyebrows, and a stripe under each
eye white ; throat and breast yellow- white, each feather with
a large, somewhat triangular, bright logwood coloured spot
towards the point ; belly tawny yellow, finely mottled with
white and brown irregular lines ; under tail coverts buff ;
quills and tail dark brown. Length 12 inches. Inhabits
the banks of the Marikwa and Limpopo Eivers.

Perdix Coqui. Top of head chesnut, back and sides of neck
rufous yellow ; a black stripe over and another below each
eye the former ending on side of neck, the latter uniting in
front of the neck with the one of the opposite side ; chin
rusty white ; body above pale rufous, feathers barred or
irregularly spotted with deep brown, and each with a
whitish line in the course of the shaft ; breast a pale cinna-
mon colour ; belly with broad black and yellowish white
bars. Length 9 inches. Inhabits dry flats beyond
Kurrichaine.

The two first species of this Genus resemble in their plumage and
manners the Francolins ; the three last the true Patridges.

Genus OETYGIS. III.

Ortygis Lepurana. Top of head brown, with a narrow
whitish stripe from bill to nape; back variegated fulvous and
brown-black,the variegations in the form of waved and arched
lines, on the middle of each feather ; the edges of feathers
greyish ; chin and throat dull white ; centre of breast with a
lame pale cinnamon blotch ; sides of breast pale buff, with

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56

arrow shaped, blackish spots ; belly white, flanks tinted with
pale rufous yellow. Length 5 inches. Inhabits the country
north of Kurrichaine.

Genus PTEROCLES. Temm.

Pterocles variegatus, Burch, (male). Front black; eyebrows,
sides of head, and chin, light grey; general character of
the plumage given by Burchell* in his description of the
female. Inhabits the country between Latakoo and the
Tropic.

Pterocles gutturalis. Top of head brown, tinted with honey
yellow ; nape and sides of neck of the latter colour ; back,
shaded rusty grey, lavender purple, and honey yellow, the
feathers towards quills blackish ; eyebrows white ; space
between eye and bill black ; chin and part of throat straw
yellow, behind the latter a half collar of black ; belly, vent,
and under tail coverts, deep reddish brown ; wing coverts
pale gall-stone yellow. Length 11J inches. Inhabits the
country to the north and south of Kurrichaine.

Genus OTIS. Lin.

Otis ruficrista. Head above rusty grey-blue ; eyebrows, space
in front of eyes, and the occiput, rusty white, mottled with
brown, the latter with a pale chesnut crest of fine silky
feathers; interscapulars, scapulars, and the lesser wing coverts,
variegated pale rufous and brown, each feather with one or
more arrow-shaped, buff coloured spots ; chin white, with a
longitudinal black stripe ; neck blue-grey, above freckled
with white ; ears, and a spot in front of each shoulder, white;
quills dark black-brown, some of them partially crossed by
buff coloured bands; tail rounded, centre feathers with
zigzag black and white lines, lateral ones green-black
towards quills, with waved white lines. Length 20 inches.
Inhabits the country between Latakoo and the Tropic.

Otis Afraoides. Crown brown, clouded with grey, and edged
with white ; ears, bar in front of interscapulars, shoulders,
and a longitudinal band on each wing, white ; neck and
under parts shining black ; interscapulars and scapulars
variegated with rufous yellow and black transverse lines ;
wing feathers black, the inner vanes of the primaries and the
outer vanes of some of the secondaries, white towards quills ;
tail rounded, the middle feathers finely barred black and
rufous yellow, the lateral ones blue-grey, with waved black
lines and a broad black bar towards points, all the feathers
tipt with white. Length 19 inches. Inhabits the country
between the Sneuwbergen and Kurrichaine.

* Travels in South Africa, vol. 2, p. 345.
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