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Family ARDIAD^E.
Sub-genus CANCROPHAGUS. Briss.

Cancrophagus gutturalis. Above a dark slate colour; throat
white with a deep black-blue central line, widening as it
descends ; middle of breast rusty white dashed with black-
blue ; belly pale rufous, with broad longitudinal slate
coloured stripes ; wings and tail of the same colour as back,
only rather darker. Length 11 J inches. Shot between the
Black and Vaal Eivers rare.

Genus CAEBO. Meyer.

Carbo Africanoides. Head, back, and sides of neck, dull
brown, clouded with black-green; interscapulars dark
brown, margined with white ; back, rump, and point of
shoulders, black-^reen ; wing coverts and scapulars hoary
blue-grey, tipt with white, and crossed near extremities by a
black bar, some of them also finely margined with black ;
throat, breast, and belly, dull white, the first clouded with
brown ; sides of breast, flanks, thighs, and under tail coverts,
green-black ; quills greenish brown ; tail greenish black.
Length 20 inches. Shot near New Latakoo.

This may perhaps prove to be the Pelecanus Africanus, at a certain
age.



Note. The names given by the Natives to the objects above
described, I have adopted as the trivial ones, whenever they
would readily admit of such application, under an idea that
they are not so calculated to confuse and mislead as those
formed with a view to indicate certain assumed peculiarities
in the individual objects. In the proportion in which we are
enabled to extend the number of species, in the same propor-
tion do we find the appearances which at one stage of the
science were considered peculiar to one species to be common to
many, therefore until some form of nomenclature be invented,
which is not calculated to confuse and mislead by suggesting
some such character or appearance in an object, it would per-
haps be better to avoid, as much as possible, any reference to
such in the name. Every Naturalist must have found the diffi-
culty of discovering suitable names for species, and yet no one
has endeavoured to devise a system of nomenclature, which
could be carried to any extent without difficulty, and be free
from ambiguity.



[123]



I TsT D E X.



Accipiter, 25, 82

gabar, 27, 83
francescii, 84
madagascariensis, 66, 86
melanoleucus, 31, 86
minullus, 28, 85
monogrammicus, 82
musicus, 25, 84
niger, 83
polyzonus, 82
rufiventris, 33, 56, 85
tachiro, 30, 83
Alauda, 112

,, chuana, 112
Alcedo, 62

natalensis, 62
Aquila, 17, 74

bellicosa, 18, 76, 77
choka, 20, 76
coronata, 77
heliaca, 75
raogilnik, 75
nsevia, 74
rapax, 75
vulturina, 18, 75
B[D]es8onornis, 112

humeralis, 112

Bubalornis, 117

niger, 118
Bubo, 105

capensis, 105
,, lactea, 105
Buphaga, 60

africanoides, 60
Butaetes, 91
Butaetus buteo, 91
., lessoni, 91
Buteo, 41, 89

bacha, 24
desertorum, 46, 91
jackal, 41, 89
lagopus, 42, 44
tachardus, 45, 90
Cancrophagus, 123

,, gutturalis, 123



Carbo, 123

africanoides, 123
Certhilauda, 113

semitorquata, 113
Chrysoptilus, 119

abingoni, 119

bennettii, 119

Cinnyris, 61, 119

mariquensis, 119
talatala, 119
verroxii, 61
Circaeetus, 15, 79

pectoralis, 15, 79
Circaetus bacha, 80
cinerens, 79
,, thoracinus, 79
Circus, 47, 92

acoli, 50, 93
gallinarius, 92
lalandii, 47
levailiantii, 51, 94
maurus, 93
melanoleucus, 92
ranivorus, 50, 93
superaliaris, 49, 94
swainsoni, 48, 94
Coliphimus, 120

,, concolor, 120
Corythaix, 61

burchelii, 61
,, concolor, 64
Crateropus, 111

jardinii, 111
Crithagra, 116

albogularis, 64

selbyi, 116
Cymindis, 24

bacha, 24
Edolius ludwigii, 68
Elanus, 53

csesius, 53, 87
melanopterus, 53, 88
Emberiza, 114

impetuani, 114
,, tahapisi, 114

[125]



INDEX.



Erythropygia, 112

paena, 112

pectoralis, 112

Estrelda, 115

lipiniana, 115
squamifrons, 115
Euplectes, 116, 117

taha, 116, 117
Eurocephalus, 118

,, anguitemens, 118

Falco, 34, 95, 110
acoli,50
tesalon, 99
albescens, 21, 80
armiger, 18, 76
bacha, 24, 80
,, barbatus, 11
bellicosus, 18
biarmicus, 96
blagrus, 14, 78
,, capensis, 39

chiqueroides, 35, 97
, concolor, 97
cuvieri, 56, 98
desertorum, 46, 91
ecaudatus, 17, 79
frontalis, 34, 115
gabar, 27, 83
galericulatus, 34
gallinarius, 92
gymnogenys, 82
imperialis, 75
jackal, 41, 90
lagopus, 42, 44, 45, 91
lythofalco, 98
melanoleucus, 92
melanopteras, 53
minullus, 28
monogrammicus, 82
musicus, 25, 85
nsevioides, 76
occipitalis, 21, 81
peregrinoides, 37, 96
peregrinus, 38, 95
p[o]lumipe8, 43
plumipes, 44
poly zones, 82
punctatus, 98
ranivorous, 50, 93
rapax, 76
rufiventris, 33
rupicoloides, 40, 97
rupicolus, 39, 97
sclavonicus, 43, 44
semitorquatus, 110
subbuteo, 98
tachardus, 45, 90

[126]



Falco tibialis, 35
vccifer, 13, 78
vulturinus, 18
Francolinus natalensis, 64
Fringilla otoleucus, 115
Glareola ocularis, 66
Gymnogenys madagascariensis, 82
Gypaetus, 11, 74

bar atus, 11, 74
Gypogeranus, 69

,, africanus, 69

Halcyon senegaloides, 68

,, swainsoni, 67
Haliseetus, 13, 77

blagrus, 14, 77
vocifer, 13, 78
Helotarsus, 16, 78

typicus, 17, 78
Lamprotornis rufiventris, 68
Linaria, 115

atrogularis, 115
gularis, 115
Loxia, 117

lathami, 117
Melaconotus, 110

,, australis, 110

,, similis, 110

Megalopterns, 118

,, australis, 118

Megalotis, 114

,, australis, 115
verticalis, 114
Merops, 106

segyptius, 107
,, apiaster, 107
bicolor, 107
bullockii, 108
bullockoides, 108
caeruleocephalus, 107
,, cuvieri, 108
malimbicus, 107
,, nubicus, 107
savignii, 108
Merula, 111

libonyana, 111
litsipsirupa, 111
,, obscura, 111
Milvus, 54, 87

parasiticus, 54, 87
Mirafra, 113

africana, 113
,, africanoides, 112
sabota, 113
Morphinus, 21
Morphinus albescens, 21, 80
,, dubius, 23, 92
occipitalis, 21,80



INDEX.



Morphnus, 80
Nauclerus, 88
Neophron, 8, 22

aegyptiacus, 8, 73
carunculatus, 9, 73
niger, 73
Noctua, 100

,, capensis, 101
hirsuta, 100
,, occipitalis, 100
perlata, 101
woodfordi, 100
Ortygis, 121

,, lepurana, 121
Otis, 62, 122
afra, 63

afroides, 62, 63, 122
arabs, 63
coleii, 63
ruficollis, 63
ruficrista, 122
torquata, 63
verroxii, 63
vigorsii, 63
Otus, 102

ascalaphus, 103
brachyotos, 104
capensis, 104
leucotis, 103
maculosus, 103
madagascariensis, 104
Pe dix, 120

coqui, 121
lecholo, 120
levaillantoides, 121
sephaena, 121
swainsoni, 120
Pernis, 89

,, madagascariensis, 89
Phimus, 120
Plocepasser, 117

mahali, 117

Ploceus, 116

dubius, 116, 117
stictonotus, 59
superciliosus, 117

tahatali, 116
Polyboroides, 12, 81

typicus, 13, 81

Polysticte, 119

,, quopopa, 120



Prionops, 111

talacoma, 111
Pterocles, 122

gutturalis, 122
,, variegatus, 122
Pyrgita, 116

diffusa, 116
motitensis, 116
Eallus madagascariensis, 66
Scops, 102

,, capensis, 102
europeus, 102
Strix, 104

africanus, 103
ascalaphus, 103
,, capensis, 105
choucou, 99
hirsuta, 100
lactea, 105
leucotis, 103
maculosus, 103
nisuella, 100
occipitaiis, 100
perlata, 102
scops, 102
Surnia, 99

choucou, 99
nisuella, 99
Terathopius ecaudatus, 79
Trichophorus flaviventris, 67
Turdus senens, 118
Vidua, 60
Vultur, 3, 70

,, arrianus, 70
aureus, 11, 74
,, auricularis, 5, 71
barbarus, 11, 74
barbatus, 11, 74
fulvus, 3, 70
,, galericulatus, 71
kolbii, 4

leucocephalus, 3, 8, 11
,, monachus, 72
,, niger, 72
,, occipitalis, 7, 72
percnopterus, 3, 8, 73
,, ponticerianus, 5
trencalos, 3
Zonotrichia, 114

africana, 114



[127]



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In addition to TUNSTALL'S " Ornithologia Britannica," DES-
FONTAINES' " Me'moire sur quelques nouvelles especes d'oiseaux des
cotes de Barbarie," from "Hist, de 1'Acad. des Sciences," 1787, and
SIB ANDREW SMITH'S " Miscellaneous Ornithological Papers," already
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Mr. B. H. HODGSON'S papers in the "Indian Eeview " and " Asiatic

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SAVIGNY and AUDOUIN'S Ornithology of Egypt. The complete text

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VIEILLOT'S "Analyse d'une nouvelle ornithologie."
LEACH'S Catalogue of the Mammalia and Birds in the British

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BAEEEEE'B " Ornithologiae specimen novum."
MOHBING'S " Avium genera."
BECHSTEIN'S papers in the " Naturforscher."
PENNANT'S " Faunula Americana."

TEMMINCK'S "Catalogue Systematique du Cabinet d' Ornithologie."
SGANZIN'S "Notes sur 1' Ornithologie de Madagascar," from the

Mem. de la Soc. d'Hist. Nat. de Strasbourg.
Ornithological papers by BAY and LISTEE in the " Philosophical

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SCHWENCKFELD'S " Aviarium Silesiacum."
Ornithological papers in the Transactions of the Academy of Sciences

of St. Petersburg.
Ornithological portion of the Appendices to the "Beise " of PALLAS,

S. G. GMELIN, and other Bussian Travellers.
CHAELETON'S "Onomasticon."

TUENEE'S "Avium &c. brevis et succincta Historia."
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Sir Andrew Smith's
Miscellaneous ornithol-
ogical papers.






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Online LibraryAndrew SmithSir Andrew Smith's Miscellaneous ornithological papers → online text (page 13 of 13)