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Burnout : the effect of Jungian type online

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whose mode is Hostility is one in whom "aggressive trends predominate" (p.
63), whose concern is with mastery... He becomes hard and tough [and]... sees no
reason to be considerate of others" (p. 65); and the type whose mode is Moving
Towards Others is one whose basic impulse is love and human intimacy not
mastery. Such a person shows "a marked need for affection and approval" (p.
50), seeks association with others and shows warmth and concern for them.

Homey' s characterizations may be one way of describing the different
reactions to people associated with burnout, and one which accommodates both
the negative and positive aspects indicated above. These modes are not,
however, simple coping reactions as per Chemiss.

Thus, the four different kinds of reactions to people may be
characterized or explained in several ways. The immediate question arising
from the differences in reaction is, who are the people who, when Depleted of
energy, react In the Distancing fashion, who in the Hostility fashion, etc?
Are they different people and if so what are their characteristics? The
question underlying this is: Do individual personality, or psychic,
differences play a role in what behaviour manifested during burnout? The role



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of Individual personality factors, where they are allowed for at all, have
been considered to only play a part intervening (or moderating) the
relationship between objective stress and the consequent strain (or "burnout")
via either the "appraisal" process of stress or the differential ability of
individuals to cope with stress (Maslach, 1982, Chemiss, 1980, Pines et al.,
1981, Schinn, 1980). The issue here, however, is whether individual
personality plays a much greater role than merely affecting the tendency to
bum out given certain stressors; in particular, the issue is whether the role
extends to moderating the very manifestation of burnout itself. Only a few
authors have considered this, (Welch et al., 1980 and Khalsa, 1980), and these
have treated such differential manifestations as idiosyncratic or random
rather than systematic. The next stage of the analysis is to examine this
issue.

Role of Individual Type

The results shown in Table I revealed relatively low correlations between
the four different factors and the Depletion Index. By stratifying the sample
in terms of psychological type It is possible to see whether or in what degree
the strength of these relationships are changed, thereby testing the
moderating effect of individual psychic factors. The sample was divided into
feeling and thinking types . For each type the relationship between the
Depletion Index and the kind of reaction to people was assessed.
(Correlational analysis only was performed due to the low number of feeling



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types.) Results are reported in Table III. They indicate:

(a) Substantial differences in the association between Depletion and the

kind of reaction to people, depending on Jungian type.
(b)Feeling types have, on balance, a stronger "depersonalization"

reaction and thinking types a stronger "personalization" reaction.
(c)The above point indicates that the reactions to people associated with

burnout are contrary to that type's dominant mode of adaptation.

TABLE III

Relationship Between Depletion Index and ;

Distancing Hostility Concern Need for Others



Feeling Type
n=l8



.64
(p


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Online LibraryAnna-Maria GardenBurnout : the effect of Jungian type → online text (page 4 of 6)