here, and in Grefham, at the Conqueft.
The Rev. Richard Day was prefented to this vica-
rage, with the re&ory of Panxworth, by fir Har-
bord Harbord, bart. in 1776.
In 1699, the parifhes of Wood-Baftwick an4
Panxworth were confolidated,
,*> ^ ,JJk
V*" *- ^tr
Hundred of W A Y L A N D.
as it was anciently called, or
Wanclund, is bounded on the caft with
the hundreds of Shropham and Forehoe;
on the weft by Grimfhoe and South Green-
hoe; on the fouth by Shropham; and on the nortli
by South Grcenhoe and Mitford. At the conqueft it
belonged to the crown, and paid 405. by Godric,
who farmed it of the Conqueror: it was given by
king John, with the hundred of Grimfhoe, and ma-
nor of Saham, to fir Roger de Thony, or Tony,
and his heirs ; from which rime it pafled with Grim-
fhoe till the year 1662, when it was divided and fold
2 H U N D R E D O F
by William Crane, efq. of Wood Rifinp;. Part of
it came to the Wrights, and Mr. Wright, late of
Brandon, in Suffolk," fon of the Rev. Mr. Wright,
vicar of Stcpnev, enjoys it, and hath the leets of
Thompfon, Giifton, Caflon, Afhill, Ovington, and
Threxton ; and part, viz. the leets of Carbroooke
Magna and Parva, to Robert Clayton, gent, after-
wards fir Robert Clayton, of London, knt. along
with Carbrooke manors, with which they have palled
The hundred is a deanry of itfelf, denominated
from Breccles, the head town at that time ; it is fub-
jecl to the archdeacon of Norwich, and had a bailiff
and two coroners in the time of Edward I. It paid to
the tenths 75!. iis. 6d. clear. It was lett at five
marks in 1267, and at 3!. 55. in the time of Henry
VIII. The manors of Breccles, Watton, Saham,
Stow, and Merton, having their own leets belonging
to them, render them independent of the hundred,
which, at this time, contains the following towns, to
which we add the number of votes polled by rcfident
freeholders in each, at the great contefted election in
1 768, ' for knights of the friire:
W. deG. A. C.
Afhill 6 843
Carbrooke 10 13 o 3
Gallon 9 10 2 2
Ellingham Little 5410
Merton 3 3 o o
Rockland St. Peter* 6530
* We do not find this town accounted for in this hundred
any where but in the Norfolk Poll, publifhed by Authority in
W A Y L A X D.
Saham Tony 1112 o 1
Jicouhon 1 1 o o
Stow Bcdon 4310
Totiingtcm i i o o
l8 21 2.2
io:al 95 1 05 14
This hundred is about fevcn miles in extent from
eafl to weft, and eight from i>ortli to fouih, and is,
fviys Mr. Blomeiiclcl. " chieily inclofed, and pretty
\vcli wooded." The fame author adds, " that its an-
cient name, Wanelunt, or Wanelund, fignifics wet,
/urr.r land. The road from Watton to Ilingham,
which ufed to be reprobated as the worft in the
county, is now one of the bcft turnpike roads, and
is continued to the ciiy of Norwich.
Near to Watton is an extenfive wood, called Way-
land, or Waiting-wood, in which, it is laid, the
two children who gave life to the well known (lory
of the " Babes of the wood" perilhed.
The deanry of Breccles was taxed in Doomfday-
book at 6s. Sd. and the archdeacon of Norwich re-
ceived of the dean lor lynodals, every Michaelmas
1768, 2nd in the lift of parifhes paying poor rstes, taken in
i '.j -.(>. Blomefield defcribes it in the deanry of Rockland, and
hundred of Shropham. The I ifhop's regii\cr places it (and very
properly) in the deanry of Kockland; ar.d all the rr.aps of
Norfolk we have yet feen delineate it in Shror.tam hundred;
\vc therefore refc.' our readers to that hundred fjr Kockland St.
4 HUNDRED OF
and Eafter, i6s. 4d. and for Peter-pence every Eaflcr
sos. it was in the bifliop's gift, who collated the
In September, 1466, it was confolidated with the
deanry of Cranwich, and is in the archdeacomy of
ASHILL, ESSAAIL, AYSELE, ASSCHELEE, the Afhby
Leas, or the Hill of Afhes, in Latin Fraxinorum
The church is dedicated to St. Nicholas, and at
the time of Norwich Doomfday here was both rec-
tor and vicar, the latter at the presentation of the
former, whofe reclory was then a finecure; but before
the year 1300 the rector ceafedprefenting, and took the
whole cure, and fo made it an abfolute rectory, and
as fuch it continues to this day, though the old valu-
ations always valued them feparately long after the
union, viz. the reclory at twenty marks, and the vi-
carage at feven marks, the portion of the prior of
Thetford aos. Peter-pence sad. There is a houfe
and forty acres of glebe, valued in the king's books
at igl. igs. 6d. ob. and pays full fruits, and il. igs.
<d. q. tenths.
In 1458, May 17, Jeffrey Coe was buried before
the altar of St. John Baptift, and ordered his execu-
tor to make a new window by that altar.
In 1507 Richard Coe was buried by him, and
had a black marble laid over him. He gave legacies
to all the guilds here, and made his mailer, fir Robert
Lovell, knt. fupervifor.
This church confifts of a nave and fouth aile,
both leaded, a fouth porch, which is thatched, as is
\V A Y L A N D. $
the chancel ; it hath a fquare tower and fix bells.
The church was new roofed in 1618. The arms of
Bcauchamp are in a fouth aile window.
In i 64,} , March 31, eighty-nine of the principal
inhabitants of this town, according to the order of
the lords and commons, dated February 2, 1643, a ^
fubfcribed the league and covenant, under the re&or,
who fubfcribed in thefe words: Juravit Richardus
Huxley, Reclor, qualenus concordat cum Verbo Dei.
Anthony Cotton, fenior, Anthony Cotton, junior, *bc.
In 1688, Aug. 12, two acres of freehold land,
called the Remnant, were purchafcd by the town,
and fettled on truftees for the ufe of the poor.
On a black marble at the altar, To the Rev. John
Kidd, rector of this parijh 40 year* ' obijt. June i6j
1729, celat. 75; and fume others of his family.
On a white marble monument againfl the north
chancel wall Cotton, impaling Wright, Near this
place lies interred the body of John Cotton, efq. (Jon and
heir of Anthony, only fon of Thomas Cotton, late of Pan-
jieid-Hall, in Com. EJfex, efq. the heir n.ale in a lineal
defcent of the Cottons, of HamJiall-Ridware, originally
&/ Cotton, wider jYedwovd, in Staffordshire] who married
Anne, daughter of Jernyn Wright, (late of Kilverjlon,
in this count)-, ffq.} by whom he had ijfuc feven fons and
t:uo daughters; he died Dec. 21, 1696, eetat. 55. Ro-
bot, the dclfjt fon, died unmarried, Aug. 25, 1593, atat.
<^o, and lies alfo interred near this place, tit -cchcje deftre
this monument is crcflcd, in memory cf his father.
ASHILL, or UFHA'LL MANOR, m Afhill, \vas the
capital manor, to which the advowfon always be-
longed, till it was fold by Mr. feyre to Hyde Parrrerl,
gent-, the late patron. In the time, of the Confeflbr
Alurie, a thane of Harold's, was owner of it, when
it contained two carucatcs, one of which was in his
own hands, and the other in his tenants ; there was
wood with mafl for 120 fwine, and the whole was
worth 505. he had alfo fix free-men that held half a
carucate, worth los. and at the conqueft the whole
came into the Conqueror's hands, who gave it in ex-
change to Ralph earl of Norfolk, upon whofe forfei-
ture it was given to Berner the Archer, who had it at
William de Haftings was fteward to Henry I. by
virtue of the ferjeantry of his manor of Afhill, the
fervice being to take charge of the nappery, viz. the
table-cloths and linen, at the king's coronation. It
paffed along with the manor of Giffing, in Difs hun-
dred, called Haflings's, till that went to a younger
fon of William de Haftings, and this to Henrv, his
eldeft fon, who married Ada, daughter of David earl
of Huntingdon, which Henry died in 1249. In
the time of Henry II. it was worth 5!. per ann.
In the account of the coronation of Eleanor, wife
of Henry III. who was crowned at Weflminfler in
the 2oth year of his reign, it is faid that Henry de
Haftings, whofe office it was to ferve the linen from
.ancient time, ferved in the nappery that day, but
Thurftan, the fleward, challenged that office from
him, affirming he had it of old; the king ad-
judged it for Henry, who after dinner took the table-
cloths, napkins, and other linen, as his fee, belong-
ing to his office.
In 1249 Henry, fon and heir of Henry, held it as
, the king s peneter, or pantler, and it was worth lol.
per ann. he married Joan, daughter and heir of Wil-
liam de CantilupCj in whofe right he became lord
W A Y I, AND. /
Abergavenny, and was one of the competitors for
the crown of Scotland in the time of Edward II.
Sir John de Haftings, knt. his fon and heir, was
born at tliis town, in 1262, and executed his office
at the coronation of Edward II. Jan. 22, 1308; he
married, firft, Ifabel, fitter and co-heir of Aymer de
Valence, earl of Pembroke, by whom he had iffue ;
fecondly, Ifabel, daughter of Hugh le Defpencer,
earl of Wincbefter, by whom he had fir Hugh
Haftings, knt. from whom the Haftings's, of Elfing,
In 1286 this fir John profecuted William de Blun-
devill, the fubefcheator of Norfolk, for feizing this
manor at his father's death into the king's hands,
and cutting down a hundred afhes, then worth 3!.
and for taking fifh out of his pond to half a mark
value, and he was forced to anfwer the damage; he
died in 1313. leaving John de Haftings his fon and
heir, whofe fon, Laurence Haftings, earl of Pem-
broke, was fucceeded by his fon, John Haftings, carl
of Pembroke, in 1366, and from that time it paffed
with the manor of YVinfarthing, in Difs hundred.
In 1399 Reginald lord Grey, of Rnthyn, exer-
cifcd the office of the nappery, and had all the table-
cloths allowed him for his fees, as well in the hall
as elfcwhere. In the great caufe in the time of
Henry IV. between Grey and Haftings, in the court
of chivalry, it appeared that John Haftings, earl of
Pembroke, fon of Laurence, fettled moft of his ma-
nors and lands on feoffees, but excepted this, and
Tottenham, in Middlefex, and by his will/ inrolled
in Chancery, gave them to William do Ikauchamp,
his coufm, for want of iffue of his body, being an-
B 2 gry
$ HUNDRED OF
gry with his heir at law, lord Grey, for hunting in
his chace of Yertly, in Northamptonfhire.
In 1420 Reginald lord Grey, of Ruthyn, ferved
the nappery at the coronation of Catherine queen of
England, wife to Henry V.
In 1512 Richard Grey, earl of Kent, fold this
xnanorto fir Henry Wyat, of Kent, knt. who died
feifed in 1536, and Thomas, his fon and heir, had
livery of it ; he left it to Thomas Wyat, of Boxley-
abbey, his fon, who forfeited it to the crown ; and
in the 2d and gd of Philip and Mary it was granted
to Henry Bedingfield, efq. with the united manors of
Gayne's, Collard's, and Monnock's, in exchange for
the manors of Wold-Newton, and Bayiuon, in York-
fhire; from which time it continued in that family
till fir Henry Bedingfield, bart. fold the manor and
advowfon to John Eyre, of Holme-Hale, efq. who
fold the manor to fir Francis Andrews ; and John Ri-
chard Daftiwood, efq. of Cockley-Cley, is the pre-
At the coronation of James II. fir Henry Beding-
field, knt. as lord here, claimed to perform the office
of the nappery, and to have all the table linen when
taken away, but it was not allowed, this manor hav-
ing no pretence now to this claim, becaufe when it
was granted by the crown to his anceflors the tenure
was altered, it being held from that time by knights
fervice, and fo the grand ferjeantry extinguifhed in
COLLARD'S, GAYNE'S, anclMoNNocic's, in ASHILL.
In 1282 William de Saham bought of Nicholas de
Stradfet lands, rents, Sec. in Afhill. In 1393 John
Braytoft fold to John Payntcr, and others, Collard's
W A Y L A N D. 9
manor, in Afhill. Tn 1526 William Coe fold it to
Thomas Jermain. In 1547 the queen granted ih-2
united manors of Uphall, Collard's, Guyne's, and
Monnock's, which were forfeited by fir Henry Wyat,
knt. to Henry Bedingfield, efq. to be held bv knight's
fervice, by the third pait of a fee, and they have been
efteemed as one manor ever fince.
PANWORTH-HALL MANOR. Pennewrde, or Pan-
worth, was a town in the Confeffor's time, owned by
Harold, afterwards king of England; it contained a
carucate and a half, and was wonh 405. had wood
for a hundred fwine, See. Another part of the mauor
lay in Afhill, and was in the foke of the king's ma-
nor of Saharn, had wood alfo for a hundred fwine,
and was worth 305. per ann. the whole was better
than a mile long, and as much broad, and paid i ^d.
gelt ; it was given by the Conqueror to Rainald Fitz-
Ivo, who owned it at the furvey.
In the time of Richard I. JefFery Fitz-JefTery held
Panwonh by the fervice of yd. per ann. to the ward
of Norwich caflle. In 1218 Peter de Nerford. and
John, hii brother, held it at one carucate of the ho-
nour of Clare, the lords of which were always capi-
tal lords of the fee. In 1398 Peter de Nerford had
it, and foon after it belonged to Thomas Beauchamp,
earl of Warwick, whole wife, Margaret, held it in
1406, and from this time it paffed in that family.
In 1543 Robert Hogan, of Bodney, efq. held the
manor of Panworth-Hall, lately fir James Boleyn's ;
and in 1566 it contained 100 acres of land, ten of
meadow, 100 of pafture, Sec. and a fold-courfe in
Afhill, Pickenham, and Hale, and was held of the
queen in capite.
io HUNDRED OF
About 1.^71 Thomas Bradbury, efq. had a manor
here, and loon after Henry Jemegan, elq.
Panworth-Hall manor afterwards came to fir Tho-
mas Coke, late earl of Leicefter, and is now in the
The religious concerned here were the abbot of
Weft Dereham, the prior of St. Winwaloe, the prior
of Norwich, the prior of the monks of Thetford,
and the prior of Caftle Acre.
The family of the Cottons have been of good re-
pute in this place, where they have had an eflate,
&c. for about two centuries.
This town paid 5!. i as. to the old tenths, and is
now affefled at 768!. 35. 4d. to the land tax.
Afhilllies about fix miles fouth-eaft of Swaffham,
and three north-weft of Watton, both market towns.
The village and church Hands on very high grounds,
commanding at once a profpecl of Norwich and Ely
In 1768 the Rev. Thomas Whaites, jun. was pre-
fented to this retory by John Spelman, efq. and John
Heaton, gent, and in 1772 the Rev. John Stanhawe
Watts was prefented by Thomas Watts, and is the
prefent reclor. He has a handfome modern-built
BRECCLES-MAGNA, or GREAT-BRECCLES, or
BRECKLES. The church was dedicated to St. Marga-
ret, and was appropriated to the priory of Weftacrc,
who prefented, for the laft time, Jan. 3, 1521. The
W A Y L A N D. 11
reclory was taxed at twelve marks ; the vicarage was
valued at fix marks, but was not taxed.
In 1533, William, prior of Weftacre, leafed this
impropriate parfonage, with all the glebe in Great and
Little-Breccles, at 5!. 6>. Sd. a year, the tenant to
pay all charges, and repair the chancel, and ro let the
vicar have the parfonage-clofe at 6s. 8d. a year, and
St. John's land (which was to find a light before his
image) at 4d. a year. Autog: Pen: me. He died
in 1541, and was buried here.
In 1628, Auguft 28, John Webb, of Breccles, efq;
presented; at whole death it became void, and was
returned among the void livings at the reftoration, in
1662, and fince hath had no incumbent inftituted, it
having been held as a donative, named to by the im-*
propriator, who pays 13!. 6s. 8d. per ann. only, for
the curates flipend, and takes the whole profits. This
village was the ancient refidence of the dean of Brec-
This vicarage is yl. iys. i id. in the king's books,
fworn of the clear value of 1 3!. gs. 8d. it paid 3!. i 2S;
8d. to the tenths. 2s. fynodals. The temporals of
the abbot of Bee, with the prior of Okeburne, were
taxed at 45. and belonged to their Wretham eftate.
The temporalities of Weftacre priory were taxed at
35. the fpiritualities, viz. the appropriate rectory, at
twelve marks. This town is valued to the land tax at
314!. per ann.
The church hath an ancient fteeple joined to it's
weft end, which is round at bottom, and oclangular at
top; it hath only one bell. The chancel and church
are leaded, the ibuth porch is tiled.
B 4 On
to HUNDRED OF
On a black marble in the chancel, Webb's arms
impaling Richardfon, Here rejl the bodies vf John
Webb, efq. arid Mary, his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas
Richardfon, lord chief jnjlice of England. She dial
March 10, 1636, aged 56. He, Oft. 23, 1658, aged
Near this lies a fmall oval black marble, with thefe
words only, ST AT, UT V1XIT, ERECTA. This
is placed over the coffin of Urfula Webb, daughter
of John Webb, efq. and Mary Richardfon, wife of
fir William Hewyt, knt. who was interred in an up-
right pofture by her own defire, according 10 the
purport of the infcription. By her lies her hufband,
under a black marble, on which are the arms of
Hewyt, impaling Webb. He died April .4, 1667,
aged 52 years.
Arms in the windows were, Breccles.
Breccles, at the conqueft, was in three parts. The
firft part, in Harold's time, was held by eight freemen,
\vho had then five carucates ; thefe were feized, with
all their land, by the Conqueror, and laid to his ma-
nor of Sahara. There were then five focmen, and half
a carucate, and fifteen acres which the flcward of Sa-
hajn fold to Eudo, earl Ralph's man, who was to hold
them by the rent of a bridle ; this he added to the
earl's manor of Ellingham Parva, upon whole for-
feiture, when Robert de Blund had the management
of that manor, he received of them los. 8d. a year,
but now they are laid again to the king's manor of
Saham, which is in his own hands, and fo they pay
no rent to Godric. Breccles was then a league long,
and half a league broad, and paid i id. gelt, and the
jkbg and the earl had the foe.
W A Y L A N D. 13
The next part was held by a free-man in the Con-
feffbr's time, and contained a carucate of land, but at
the conqucft it belonged to the king, and was farmed
by Godric, who made it a berewic to Sporle, with
which manor it was valued.
The third part belonged to Ralph de Tonv,
joined it to, and valued it with his manor of Ne&on,
in South Greenhoe.
BRECCLES MANOR. The firft part belonged to
\Villiam de Warren, carl of Suffcx, by gift from the
crown, and he gave it to Thomas, grandfon of Albert,
a Frenchman who came over at the conqueft, along
with the manors of Grimfton, Burnham, &c. for
which realbn he affmned the coat of his lord, varying
only the colour, viz. chequy or, and fab. which the
Breccles's always bore, though fometimes with a fefs
arg. This Thomas, and his defcendants, alfumed the
name of Breccles, and oftentimes are called by the
name of Grimfton, both which manors belonged to
him at his death.
In 1286, John de Breccles was attached for hold-
ing a whole knight's fee, and being no knight; this
John purchafed the lands, Sec. that belonged to Tony
at the conqueft, and fo joined them to the manor ; he
left it to Benedict, his (on and heir, who gave the ad-
vowfon to Wcftacre priory, according to the order of
his father ; and had waif and ftray, a free bull and
boar, and a leet held by the king's bailiff, but all the
amerciamcnts belonged to him : he died in the time
of Edward II. Margery de Breccles married Theo-
bald de Thorlce, and left a daughter only, named
Margaret, who married Robert de Broome, in the time
of Henry V. and they left three daughters, Kathe-
rine, married to Henry Sturmere, in 1463 j Elizabeth,
to Robert Harrington ; and Margaret, to William
Fenne, who all joined with Thomas and Hugh, ions
of William Fenne, and fold the manor to fir Edward
Wodchoufe, of Kimberley, knt. In 1469, he left it to
Sir Thomas VVodehoufe, his fon, who left it to his fe-
cond fon, John Wodehoufe, of Breccles, who in the
time of Henry VIII. married Anne, daughter of Wil-
liam Spelman, efq. and left Francis Wodehoufe, of
Breccles, their fon and heir, who held it of Robert
Southwell, efq. as of his manor of Saham In 1551,
he fettled it on William Yelverton, who had it in
1 564, and was found to hold Grimtlon and Congham
manors, and to have licence to fettle this on fir Tho-
mas Cornwallis, knt. and Thomas Shelton, efq. but
it was in truft; for in 1595 Francis Wodehoufe afore-
faid was lord of Breccles Magna, and Bule's manors,
which were foon after conveyed to John Dowfield, of
Eufton. gent. William Webb of the fame, and Henry
Brahhwait, efq. who conveyed them to Sir Robert
Gardiner, of Breccles, whofe heir married John Webb,
who was fettled in the manor in 1619, after fir Robert's
death, and Urfula Webb, the heirefs of that family,
carried it to hcrhufband, fir William Hevvit, who died
in 1667, and left it to Gardiner Hewit, efq. who fold
it to Wormley Hetherfet, who gave it from Edmund,
his only fon, to his four daughters, Jane, married to
Thomas Squires of Elme, by Wifbech, Sarah, marri-
ed to James Barker of Shropham, fon of John Barker
of Thorndon, Elizabeth, to Edward Owen of Coven-
try, and Mary, to Jofeph Randol, alias Baylis, of
London, who purchafed in all the parts, and left it to
Mary his widow, for life, the remainder to Mr.
Richard Baylis, her only fon, who married Philadel-
phia, grand-daughter to fir Philip Ryley, by whom he
had one Ion, Robert, whofe daughter, and heirefs,
married Philip Ryley Taylor, efq. the prefcnt propri~
etor of Breccles.
W A Y L A N D. 15
There is a fcparatc fifhcry belonging to the manor,
called Breccles Mere, and a good old feat, or manor-
houfe, in which the prcfcnt owner refides ; it is called
Bieccles-hall, but was not the fcite of the manor of
that name, but of the capital manor of Great Breccles.
BRECCLES-HALL, BULE'S, LINGWISE, or DIVERS
MANORS, came from the crown, and in 1280 be-
longed to fir Warine de Muntchenfy, which family
granted off large parcels of it to divers perfons. la
1304, William de Breccles, Sec. held (even mefiuagcs,
land, Sec. part of it, in Breccles, Stowbedon, Beker-
ton, Grifton, and Caflon. It continued fome time
in the Breccles's, but in 1498 Thomas Sayve, of
Breccles, gent, was buried in the chancel, and gave
his manor of Breccles-hall, in Breccles, after his
wife's de: th, to Ofbert Sayve, gent, his fon. In 1545
James Payne, and William Atmere, had the manor of
Lingwife, alias Divers, in Breccles, fettled on them, by
William Talfell. In 1557, Francis Wodehoufe, efq.
was lord of Breccles-hall, and Bule's manors, whicli
he joined to the manor of Great Breccles, with which,
they flill continue. Bule's was a fraall manor, or free
tenement, in Stow and Breccles, fo called from William
Bule, who owned it in 1285.
June 15, 1770, the Rev. William Hicks was li-
cenfed to the vicarage, or perpetual curacy of Brec-
cles, vice William Lobb, fequeftrator.
CARBROOKE Magna. This town is properly
enough named from its fituation by a brook or rivu-
let, and its carry foil, and was at firft, without doubt,
no more than the carr by the brook fide.
The church is a regular pile, rebuilt about the
beginning of the reign of Henry VI. it confifts of a
nave, two ailes, two porches, and a chancel, which
3 6 HUNDREDOF
are all covered with lead ; there is a lofty fquarc
tower at the weft end, and in it are five good bells.
At the upper end of the north aile is a chapel, de-
dicated to St. John the Baptift, whofc altar and image
were in it ; this belonged to the guild of St. John the
Baptift, in this town.
Direclly oppofite to the fouth aile is another chapel
of the Holy Virgin, whofe altar and image were alfo
in it; this belonged to the Virgin's guild, and had a,
pricfi maintained by them to fing there.
The church itfelf is dedicated to St. Peter and Paul,
and fo was the high altar, at which the guild, in ho-
nour of thofe apoftles, was always held, and was the
biggeft of the three guilds.
Direclly in the midft of the chancel lie two very
ancient coffin ftones, with a crofs pattee on each, to
fhew they belonged to the templars ; there are two im-
perfecl circumfcriptions on them, in capitals, which
feem to be added long fince they were firfl laid, and
moft probably when they were re-placed after the re-
building of the church ; that moft north feerns to be
the fepulchre cf Maud, countefs of Clare, their