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History and antiquities of the county of Norfolk (Volume 9) online

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don, feveral of the knights being lent to monafteries
to repent, by the archbifhop and provincial fynod, and
in 1314 their lands here were feized, and given to,
the hofpitallers of St. John of Jerufalem, and were af-
figned to their commandry of Carbrooke aforefaid.

This town (like mofl of the villages ftanding near
a rivulet) takes its name from it. Uvyton, Eaf-
fington, or Offimon, (for it is thus called in old evi-
dences) being no more than a town of failure land
tying by the water.

A very

W A Y L A N D. 6!

A very extcnfive and valuable common lies between
this and Shipdham, and the other towns abutting on
it, amounting in the whole, by computation, to 3000
acres of good land.

In 1772 the reverend William Sheepfhanks was
prefentcd to the reclory. by the univcrfity of Cam-

S AH AM-TONY church is dedicated to St. George,
who had a large guild held in his honor here, and a
chapel, with his fepulchrc in it; there were three
other guilds. The reclory was valued at 40 marks,
and had a vicarage in the rector's gift, valued at fix
marks, ihe portion of the abbot of St. Katherine's, de
Monte Rothomagenfi. or Roan in Normandy, who
was patron of the reclory, was valued at 405.* It
paid 75. yd. ob. procurations, 35. 4d. fynodals, and
as. Peter-pence.

In 1-286 the vicar proved before the juflices itine-
rant, that he was entitled to a mortuary at the deatlj.
of any parifliioner, and recovered a horfe for the mor-
tuarv then in difpute. In 1375 the bifhop certified
the rights of the vicar; but upon the ftatute to endow
the vicarages, the reclor withdrew prefenting to the vi-
carage, and fo it came to be an an abfolute reclory, as
it now continues. There is a very good houfe, which
has been much improved by the prefent incumbent,
to which belongs a reclory manor, and 23 acres of
glebe. The temporals of the prior of Norwich were
taxed at gs. 6d. and the reclor of Shipdham paid 4
pcnfion of 45. to this reclory.


* This penfion is paid by the reftor, to themafter and fello'.v$
<rf New College, in Oxiord.


The chantry was taxed at 5!. 145. gd. ob. and was
founded by William de Sahara in 1281, for his own
and his anceflors fouls ; and for that purpofc he fet-
tled divers lands and tenements in Wendling on the
abbot and canons at Wcndling, on condition they
paid five marks yearly to his chantry chaplain fcrving
here, which was dedicated to St. Andrew, and is flill
called Little St. Andrew's, and lies on the Shipdham
road in Sahara. This always paid tenths to the di(-
folution, and it is called in fome evidences, the church
of St. Andrew in Sahara.

In 1450, Nov. 7, the ptffident, cuftos, and fellows
of St. Mary Winchefter college, in Oxford, common-
ly called New -college, founded by William of Wick-
ham, procured this advowfon of King Richard
II. it having devolved to the crown, as part of the
poffeffions of a priory alien. This focicty are now

The RECTORY MANOR. This (lands among the
livings undifcharged, being valued at 21!. 145 gd. ob.
and pays firft fruits, and si. 35. ^d. ob. q. yearly
tenths, and ss. fynodals. It belonged to the manor,
till Roger de Tony gave it, in king John's time, with
a Laige part of the demdhes, and many rents and fer-
vices, with the leet of the town, to the rectory, the
advowfon of which he gave to the abbey of St. Cathe-
rine on the Hill, by Roan in Normandy, who prefent-
ed by their proctors, or deputies, but could never get
it appropriated, though they attempted it. The court
was ufuaiiy helcl in the church, as appears by the an-
cient rolls of the manor, a great number of which
now remain in the rector's cuftody; from which it
appears, that the prior of Norwich's portion was al-
lotted to the facrift of the cathedral, and that the
prior of Weftacre had of the gift of Roger de Tony,


W A Y L A N D. 63

in the r ,th year of king fohn, twenty acres of wood
called North-Tweyt, and liberty of commonage on
Sahara commons ; and alfb the tithes of all rhe wood
Ibid out of his woods in Saliam and Neclon, which
was confirmed by the bifhop of Norwich. There is
a good glebe, with a large convenient re&ory-houfe,
joining to the weft fide of the church-yard. Mr. Ri-
chard Terry, redior here, at his death left the houfe
furnifhed, and ordered it to go from fucceffor to fuc-
ceffor for ever. At firft there were all manner of im-
plements of hufbandry, as well as furniture, to above
aool. value at that time, but they are now reduced to
only forae pieces of plate, and a few houfhold goods,
for which the reclor gives (ecurity to leave them to his
fucceffor. He alfo gave a houfe and piece of land to
the parifli clerk, to ring the bell at eight o'ciock from
Michaelmas to Lady-Day. The houle is now down,
the land lett at 3!. per ann. but the bell is forgot to be
rung. His pi&ure is ftill in the houfe, drawn anno
setatis 62, Domini 1625. He gave four acres of land
for glebe to the reftory, and augmented the frec-fchool
here, (which was firft founded in 1611 by Edward
Goaffe, of Thrcxton, gent, who fettled a houfe and land
to the value of lol. per ann. on the matter) with ten
pounds per ann. more, which is the endowment of the
preterit free-fchool. The houfe ttands a little diitanc
from the eafl part of the church-yard, and the mailef
lives in it who teaches fchool.

The town is valued to the land-tax at 1074!. 6s.
8d. and paid gl. 6s. 4d. to the old tenths, and
Thompfon college had lands here at its diffolution.

The church is a good building, confiding of a
nave, two ailes, chancel, and fouth porch, which are
all leaded. The tower is {quarc, built about 1480 ;
pn it is St, George and the dragon carved in Hone;



it hath five bells, and formerly had a clock, which is
now decayed.

In the chancel, nave, and altar, are many tomb-
flones to [he memory of deceased parifhioners, too

many to find room any where elfe. Hie jacet Jc-

puttus hujus. olim ecdefiae fervus, Thomas Cranus, facr<s
t/ifologitf Baccalaurtus, qui obijt sdo February, A. D.

Tutamen, mortem ut mmqiiam timeas, Jcmpcr cogita*

Hie jacet corpus Tkoma Gooff e gtnernfi, qui obijt 28
die Martij, anno 163$. Frances, wife of Thomas
Goafife, gent, died in 1638.

Mr Richard Shuckforth, of Saham, died Feb. 12,
1671, aged 70 years. He was grandfon of John
Shuckforth, of Difs, gent, who lived there in 1546, fon
of Richard Shuckforth, (who purchafed and fettled at
Saham) by adaughter of theDaynes'sof Roydon, from
\vhom the prefent Mr. Shuckforth of Saham is line-,
ally defcended.

On a handfome iilver falver belonging to the altar,
- Ex dono Thcmce Shuckforth, ^enerofi, in iijitm tcdejits
Saham-'Tonieufis, Gulidmo Cur it, L .L. B. rtclore, anno
1721. There is alfo a filver cup, with our Saviour's
head engraved thereon, and theie words, Saham Tho-
n) e, ann. 1568.

The Sandells had anciently a good eflate here,
which in 1545 was augmented by Richard Sandell,
\vho purchafed of Edmund Southoufe, gent, a mef-
fuage, 80 acres of ground, liberty of foldage, and 305*
lent, in this and the adjoining towns.


W A Y L A N D. 65

On an old brafs, Here lieth thebodye efEdwatde

Goa[je, late of'thrf\i">, icho departed this lief the 20 of
Ma]e, iGia, and before his death, to the glory e of Gad
and advancements of learninge, creeled a free fchole and 4
almeffe Iwwfes in the town of Saham Toneyc, and alfo ^
aitntfle houfes in the town of Watlon, and gave unLo eve rye
of the fame, for ever, a reasonable, and convenient mcjnte-

The font hath an eagle on the top, and on the
wood-work this, Lavacrum Rcgaicrationis. Jo-
hannes Ivcs, nuper de Saham, injignc hoc pietcitis fua te/li-
momum, Deo ct ccdcjia face moriens legavit. Anno Do-
mini 1632.

In the north aile windows are the arms of Beau-
champ earl of Warwick, Elv bifhoprick, Sec. In the
louth-eail aile window are the arms of Tony.

the time of the Confeffor, contained not only this
whole town, but great part of the adjacent villages,
and the whole of Ovington: The Confeffor hiiniclf
held it, and the hundred belonged to it ; it extended
then into Grifton, Cafton, Bi cedes, and Ellingham;
there were three carucates of land in the town, one oi
which was in the king's hands as demefne, befides 40
acres of meadow, and wood fufiicient to mainuin,
730 fwine, &c. Forty-fix focmen did their annual
fuit and fcrvice to the manor, for the lands they held
of it. It continued in the crown, and the Con-
queror kept the chief of it in his own hands, for he
had two carucates in demefne. Of the 46 iocmen
that belonged to it when he firft had it, he gave fifteen
to Ralph, fon of Ivo, and two to Ikrner the archer,
and another pait, \vhich after was called Page's ma-
nor, he gave to Robert Bigot. In the Ccnfeffor's



the whole was worth i al. and at the furvey 20! .
It was about three miles long, and two miles broad,
and paid 25. Gel. out of every 2os. taxed en the hun-
dred; and from this time it belonged to the crown,
and was farmed at ihe old rent by divers perfons, du-
ring the Conqueror's, and the fucceeding king's
reigns, to Richard I. who raifed it; for Ebrad de la
Denver paid that king 27!. 8s. 4d. a year for it, and
foon after he left it to Ralph de Tony, whole defcen-
dant, Roger de Tony, obtained a grant of it to him and
his heirs, with the hundreds of Weyland, Grimfhoe,
&c. of king John, in the firft year of his reign, viz.

Roger de Toeny, Todeni, Thony, or Tony, was
the firft of the family who had the town in fee, and
from him it is ftill called Sahani-Tony, to diflinguifh
it from feveral townsof the fame name, Sseham, Se-
ham, Sahara, or, as fometimes pronounced, Soham,
(for they are all thus variouily fpelled in ancient re-
cords) fignifies no more than the dwelling at the great
water, or fea, and accordingly here is a very large lake
called Saham mere, which abounds with exceeding
good fifh, of feveral kinds, but is moft remarked for
its fine eels, though among them there is a particular
fpecies ; '\ with exceeding large heads, as much to be
noted for their bad, as the others are for their excel-
lent fine tafte and colour. Thus alfo Seham, or So-
ham, in Cambridgefhire, hath a large mere, and horn
which both the places received their names.

This Roger was defcended in a direct, line from
Roger de Tony, flandard-bearer of Normandy, and
founder of the abbev of Conchis, in that dukedom,
\vhoie ion Ralph came in with the Conqueror, and tor


* The inhabitants, from their ugliuefs, call them old women,

W A Y L A N D. 67

his fervices in the battle againft king Harold had many
lordfhips given him, and, as Dugdale tells us, no lefs
tli;< 'i nineteen in this county. He gave to the abbey
of Conchis, as the fame author favs, his lordfhip of
Wretham ; to the monks of" Weftacre, all the lands
that Oliver the priefl held ofhim there, died in i 102,
and was buried at Conchis, leaving Ralph his fon and
"heir, who married Judith, daughter to Waliheofe
earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland, with whom
he had Renting (commonly called Carthlage) manor
in Cambridgefliire. He was fuccceded by Roger de
Tony, his Ion, who had a grant of i oos. land in Hoik-
ham, North Greenhoe, and dying in i 162 left this Roger
de Tony, who obtained the grant of this manor, his
fon and heir. It was then valued at 28!. 8s. 8d. a
year; for at the time of the grant's being paffcd, Ro-
bert Fitz-Roger, and Richard de Gosfield. who ferved
fheriff of Norfolk for Robert, had io much allowed
out of his accounts, as rents funk by the grant. And
it appears that the king gave it among other things in
exchange for 140!. per ami. lands, in Anjou, and in
recompence for the feivice he did him when earl of
Morton. He was fuccecdcd by Ralph, his fon and
heir, who joined the batons, but was after that in the
king's favour. In i 230, being figned with the crofs,
as divers other nobles then were, he took a journey to
the Holy Land, and about Michaelmas time died on
the fea, and Petroniii his widow hud this manor, and
Neclon, for life. She re-man ied William de Su
Omer, who was lord in her right, and in 1273 was
juflice itinerant with Simon de Grey, in Cambridge-
fliire. In 128.5 tne hundred and manor were valued
at 6ol. per ami. and paid 503. per ami. blanch farm
to Norwich caftle. Her fon, Roger dc Tony, died in
1276, fo that he was never lord. Pctronill his mother
furvived her fecond hufband, and at her death k went
to Ralph de Tony her giaadibii, Ibn o: Roger afore-


faid, deceafed, who died in 1293, ?nd Robert, his
fon, fucceeded. In an iriquifition taken in his time
it was found (as it was in another, taken in 1280)
that all perfons belonging to Sahara ufed to be free
Jrom toll in Watton market, till fir Oliver de Vaux,
lord there, compelled them to pay it; upon which
account, in 1298, this Robert obtained a charter (or
rather renewed and got the former altered) for a
weekly market on Mondays at his manor of Sahara,
and two fairs yearly, one on the day and morrow of
the feaft of St. Martin the Bifhop, and five days fol-
lowing; and another on the eve and morrow after the
feaft of St. George the Martyr, and five days follow-
ing : he was one of thofe barons that fubfci ibed the
letter fen t to pope Boniface the 12th of Feb. 1300,
in the 2gth of Edward I. in the parliament held at
Lincoln, concerning the fubjecnon of the kingdom
of Scotland to that of England, which the pope
then pretented to intermeddle with, fubfcribing him-
felf Robert Toney, lord of Wallingford*; he died
feifed in 1309. This manor was worth above nol.
per aim.

Alice, widow of Thomas lord Leibourne, de-
ceafed, was his fitter and next heir; and Maud, his
wife, had the manors and advowfons of Ne&on,
Little CrefFmgham, and Little Franfliam, in free-
marriage, and they were jointly feifed till Robert
died, they being held of William de Wiggenhall, as
of Richmond honor, at half a fee; his right offifh-
ery in Saham mere was valued at 135. $d. the park
lol. Sec.

Alice Leibourne had iffue by her fait hufband
Juliana, firft married to John de Huttings, lord

Abcrgavermy ;

* The feat of the Tonys was at Flamfted, in Hertfordflure,

W A Y L A N D. 69

Abergavenny ; fecondly, to Thomas Blount, Reward
of the houihold to Edward II. and thirdly, to William
de Clinton ; Saham did not go with her, but was
fettled on Guy de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, fe-
cond hufband of the faid Alice, awd their heirs ; he
died fei fed in 1315, leaving it to Thomas earl of
Warwick, his fon and heir; Alice, his wife, f'urvi-
ved him, and the following year married \Villiam
la Zouch, of Afhby, in Leicefterfliire, and died in

Thomas earl of Warwick was not two years old
at his father's death, and fo became the king's ward,
who knighted him at the age of 13 years, and gave
him livery of all his lands, and among others of the
whole eftate of the Tonys, for which he paid loo
marks relief, Saham, Flamftead, Kirding, &c. Icing
held by barony. He died of the peftilence in France,
Nov. 13, 13(39.

Gny de Bcauchamp, his fon and heir, died in his fa*
thei's life-time, but upon his marriage with Philippa,
daughter of Henry lord Feirers, of Groveby, they
had Saham, Wayland, Grimflioe, Creffingham Parva,
Fraufham Parva, and Neclon manors and advowfbns,
with the advowfons of the priories of Weilacre, and
Shouldham, fettled on them, and their heirs male,
for want of which, at his wife Philippa's death in
1384, they defccndcd to his brother, Thomas Beau-
champ, earl of Warwick, who married Margaret,
daughter to William lord Ferrers, of Groveby ; he
was a man of much renown in warlike affairs, and
from his youth fo much noted for virtue and pru-
dence, that he was cholen in Parliament governor of
Richard II. who was then young, being alfo one of
thole nobles who went with (hat king's letter to pope
Boniface IX. complaining of the provisions of beniikes,
JF and


and other exactions of the fee of Rome in England.
Towards the latter paitof kinp; Richard's reign this
noble earl was attainted, and the manor and hundreds
given by the king to John Momacutc, earl of Salif-
bury, and his heirs male, along with Panworth-hall
manor, in Afhill, and Saham, and the other poffef-
fions of the carl of Warwick ; but the attainder
being reverfed in the ift of Henry IV. he died icifed
of all his ancient eftate April 8, 1401, and his wife
Jan. 22, 1406, leaving Richard Beauchamp, earl of
Warwick, their fon and heir, a man no lefs famous
than his noble progenitors ; he was made knight of
the bath at the coronation of Henry IV. and the
next year, at the coronation of Jane, wife to that
prince, he kept jufts on the queen's part againft all
comers; in 1402 he took the banner of that great
rebel Owen Glendowr, put him to flight, and foon
after was made knight of the garter.

In 1407 he went to the Holy Land, and vifited
his coufin, the duke of Barr; on his way thither he
performed many gallant feats of arms, and being re-
fpe&fully received and treated by many princes, he
arrived at the Holy Sepulchre, and fet up his arms
on the north fide of the Temple. Baltredan, the
Soldan's lieutenant at Jerufalern, hearing that he
was defcended frora the famous Guy earl of War-
wick, (whole ftory they had in books of their own
language) fcafted him royally, and gave him large
prefents. from Jerufalem he came to Venice, and
having travelled into Ruflia, Poland, Sec. (hewing
much valour in many tournaments, he returned into
England, and was immediately retained by Henry
prince of Wales, (afterwards Henry V.) to ferve him
in peace and war for 250 marks a year, and at that
king's coronation was made high fleward of England,
and behaved fo bravely during his whole life, that


W A Y L A N D. 71

the Emperor, Sigifmund, told king Henry, " that
no Chriftian prince had fuch another knight for wif-
dom, nurture, and manhood ;" adding, " that if all
courtefy were loft, yet it might be found again in
him ;" infomuch that ever after, by the emperor's
authority, he was called The Father of Courtefy: he
died at Roan, in Normandy, in 1439, leaving Henry,
his fon by his fecond wife, his heir, who was firft
made premier earl of England, and after that, duke
of Warwick, and was to take place in Parliament
next the duke of Norfolk, and before the duke of
Buckingham, which that duke would not bear, and
therefore it was agreed that one fhould take place
one year, and the other the next, and he who fur-
vivcd to take place of the other's heir male as long
as he lived; he died June 11, 1445, being 22 years
old. In his father's life-time, when he was fcarcc
10 years old, being then called The Lord Dcfpencer,
he married Cecily, daughter of Richard Neville,
earl of Saliibury, by whom he left one daughter,
Anne, who died in 1449, in her infancy; and this
manor, with the whole inheritance of the Beau-
champs, went to Anne her aunt, as only fitter of
the whole blood to her deceafed father, who was then
married to Richard Neville, earl of Salifburv, and
for his fpecial fervices about the king's perfon had
the title of earl of Warwick confirmed to him and
his wife, and their heirs, with all the pre-eminences
that any cf their anceftors had before the creation of
Henry duke of Warwick. This was that great earl
who was fo powerful as to be nick-named Richard
make King, fo famous for his courage and popularity
in the days of Edward IV. and Henry VI. that every
man wore his badge, the ragged ftafF, in his hat,
and painted the white crofs on his door ; fo ex-
ceedingly hofpitable was he, that at his houle in Lon-
don fix o^ea were ufually eat at a breakfaft, and
F 2 every


every tavern was full of his meat, for everyone that
had any acquaintance in his family might take as
much boiled and roafl meat as he could carry away
upon a long dagger, as the Atlas has it, page 542- Me
was flain at Burnet-Field in the i ith of Edward IV.
his countefs, Ann, furviving him, who had all her
inheritance taken from her, and was forced to (hi ft
from place to place in great ftraights ; but however
the Parliament was fo kind as to fettle the whole on
Ifabel, and Ann, her two daughters ; the firft
married George duke of Clarence; and the fecond*
Richard duke of Gloucefter, afterwards Richard
111. who enjoyed this and the reft of the Norfolk
eftate, with the whole inheritance, till his death, in
Bofworth-Field : and then Henry VII. reftored the
whole inheritance to the countefs, Ann, but not with
purpofe that flbe fhould enjoy it, for it appears, that
after the power given by the acl (lie conveyed the
\vhole inheritance to the king, who immediately con-
fiituted Sir John RatclifF cle Fitz-Walter, lent, fteward
of Sahara, Little Creffingham, Panworth, Ne&on,
Wayland, and Grimfhoe hundreds, and thefe were
after called Warwick Lands, and amounted in all to
1 15 manors and hundreds, all which were enjoyed
by the crown till they were granted ofFby degrees.

In 1506 fir Robert Lovel, knt. was fteward; and
in 1527 vifcount Rochford had this manor for a term,
and after that ic remained in the crown till Henry
VIII. in the year 1544, granted the manor and park
of Saham, and the hundreds of Grimfhoe and Way-
land, to fir Richard Southwell, knt. and his heirs ;
and the fame year the faid Richard had licence to
alien fixty acres of land, called Parker's Average, at


* Her firft Huiband was Edxvard Prince of Wales, fon to
Henry VI.

W A Y L A N' D. 73

the end of Saham park, to Nicholas Mvnnc, and ;
his heirs; and afterwards, in 1580, lord Paget was
lord of Saham. In 1616 fir John Steward, knr.
lord Kinclcven in Scotland, aliened it to Clement
Corbet during the life of Elizabeth, his wife. It af-
terwards came to the Berneys in 1 634, when fir- Ni-
cholas Berney kept his court ; and in 1688 Richard
Berney, of Reedham, efq. was lord, and it being
mortgaged to Mrs. Ann Martell, in 1709 it was pur-
chafed by John Cotton, efq. and the prefent proprie-
tor is Clough, efq. who purchafed it by ^

decree in Chancery.

SAHAM'S, or PAGE'S MANOR, at the time of the
conqueft was given to Roger Bigot, of whom Ro-
bert held it for life ; it was then worth 305. per

In 1 139 Hugh Bigot gave the king a fine to have
his manor of Saham again, which Hubert deMurit-
chenfy held ; it afterwards to the Warrens, and
Ralph de Warren, lord here, granted the monks of
Caftle Acre two meffuages, and the lands belonging
to them, with the fervices of two men, and liberty
to fifh with two boats at all times of the year in
Saham Mere. In i 1 94 Robert of Saham paid Ri-
chard I. twenty marks for his relief to have all his
lands in peace, which his father held in capite, at
half a fee. In 1228 he held it at a whole fee of
Ralph de Tony. In. 1274, and 1282, William de
Saham, clerk, fon of tin's Robert, wasjuflice of the
King's-Bench, and in 1276 juftice-itenerant in Wor-
ceflerfhire, and Richard de Saham, his brother, was
one of the barons of the Exchequer in 1285. In
1286 Robert dc 'Saham, (perhaps) another brother,
was lord. In 1 3 1 5 John de Saham owned it ; from
whom it came to the Pages, a family that had been
F 3 ancient


ancient owners in the town, and being afterwards
purchafed by the Goes, it became joined to Howard's


was part of the capital manor granted by Roger de
Tony in the time of Henry III. to John Boteler, who
held it of him at the fifth part of a fee ; it afterwards
was held by Ralph de Beefton, and 1345 truftees
held it for Thomas Howatd. In 1401 Edward How-
ard, and John Nottingham, had it, who fold it to
John Coe, efq. he died pofJeffed in 1483. In i 525
Chriftopher Coe fettled his manor of Howard's, Her-
vey's, and Page's, on fir Chriftonher Jenny, knt and
Elizabeth, his wife, with twenty mefluages. and fix
foldages, in Saham, Afliill, Threxton, Carbrooke,
Ovington, Sec.

In 1577 Bartholomew Skerne was lord ; in 1581
Frances, Mary, and Jane, were his daughters and
co-heirs, and one Gifford married Frances : it fecms
they fold it; for in 1590 Robert Houghton, elq. con-
veyed it to Charles Howard, knight of the garter,
lord Effingham, and high admiral of England, and
Miles Corbet, efq. it was afterwards purchalcd by fir
Richard Berney, and joined to the great manor.

As to Hervey's manor, when fingle, we do not
meet with any thing of it.

In 1638 Page's place, or the manor-houfe, and
fixty acres demefnes, belonged to Thomas Goaffe,

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